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Embedded Librarianship: Trends and Transformations · 2016-08-22 · Embedded Librarianship: Trends...

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Embedded Librarianship: Trends and Transformations Courtney Mlinar Rochester Regional Library Council 2016
  • Embedded


    Trends and

    Transformations Courtney Mlinar

    Rochester Regional Library Council 2016

  • Where it began…

    Public Libraries

  • Library Journal

    article: Oct. 1876

    Samuel Swett Green:

    Librarians should -

    Help the reader

    Mingle with the reader

  • ACRL Standards for IL

    Early 2000’s…

  • Educational Trends of


    Development of national standards

    Curriculum development

    Learning outcomes

    Integrating educational technology

  • Checklist of Learning


    Determine the extent of information needed

    Access the needed information effectively and efficiently

    Evaluate information and its sources critically

    Incorporate selected information into one’s knowledge


    Use information effectively to accomplish a specific


    Understand the economic, legal, and social issues

    surrounding the use of information, and access and use

    information ethically and legally

  • Educational trends: current

    Metacognition: an awareness and

    understanding of one’s own thought


    Learning strategies

    Competency-based education (CBE)

    Micro-credentialing (badges)

    Social learning

    Learning on the go

  • Framework for IL

    Authority Is Constructed and


    Information Creation as a Process

    Information Has Value

    Research as Inquiry

    Scholarship as Conversation

    Searching as Strategic Exploration

  • Embedded Librarian Trends

    Discussion begins again in 2004…

  • Trend 1:

    applying the knowledge

    and skills of librarians

    towards the information


    -problem solving

  • Trend 2:

    Librarian -out of the library

    in an “on-site” setting or

    situation that enables close

    coordination and


  • Trend 3:

    librarians move from a

    supporting role into


    - Shared responsibility for

    achieving group goals

  • Blended Librarian 2004

    Bell, Steven J., & Shank, John. (2004). The blended librarian: A blueprint for redefining the teaching and learning role of academic librarians. College & Research Libraries News, 65(7), 372-375.

  • Ad 2015:

    HigherEd Jobs

    Blended Learning Librarian

    Skill set of an academic librarian and instructional


    Apply instructional technology into teaching and

    learning process

    For information literacy and technological


  • Poll:

    Who is responsible for



  • Blended Librarians:

    Campus innovators and change agents

    Developers of campus-wide information literacy


    Designing instructional and educational


    Collaborating and engaging

    Implementing adaptive, creative, proactive, and

    innovative change in library instruction.

    Transforming our relationship with faculty

  • Mingling technology and


  • Increased visibility

  • Definition of embedded


    Barbara Dewey (2004):

    - Integral part of the whole

    - Experiencing, observing daily life of

    another group

    - Value-added services

  • Roles may include:


    Content manager


    Patient advocate

  • Big Data=Information


  • Major problem in most






    Big Data

  • Daily digital activity:

  • Another opportunity:

    Another form of Blended Librarianship?

  • Information is everywhere

    - So why are we staying in the library?

  • Multiple information access


    How do they access you?

  • Closed stacks to open


    - No public access to books

    - Librarian brought information to user

    - Now open stacks

    - Everyone can access the books

  • Librarian Access

  • Why do librarians matter?




    Ability to connect and collaborate

  • Paradigm shift…




  • Building Relationships

  • Not Marketing the Library…

    Putting ourselves out there

    Reference interviews outside the library

    Finding connections

  • Not Library Buildings

  • Librarian Partners

  • Schumaker 2009

    Get out of the library

    Find new ways to relate to your users

    Build relationships


    Learn about parent organization

  • More Schumaker Strategies:

    Assess your library and organizational readiness

    Get included in teams

    Take ownership

    Be the knowledge expert

    Lead drive for cost effectiveness

    Watch workload, staff cohesion, funding

  • Beware of Intra-library


  • Simons 2011

    Information literacy more meaningful when in-context

    learning takes place

    Evidence-based surgery meetings

    PICO plus search strategies to resolve problem

    Team teaching relationships built with teacher-librarian

    and teacher-clinician

  • Team Teaching


    Have you


  • Medaille 2012

    Team teaching

    Interdisciplinary collaborations

    Shared vision

    Sequential learning

    Teachers model collaborative relationships

    Shared learning process

    Social learning from different perspectives

  • Wiu 2013

    Where is it strategically important to embed the librarian?



    Patient care

    Build a presence physically, virtually, culturally

  • Tan 2013:

    Benefits of clinical librarianship:

    1. Save the time of the clinician

    2. Decrease costs

    3. Support decision making

    4. Improve patient care

    5. Librarian is detached from emotional part of patient


  • Cognitive diversity-

    Bringing librarians into the conversation…

  • Federer 2013

    Research informationist NLM funding requests for existing NIH-funded teams in 2011

    7 awarded for:

    Open access compliance

    Research data management

    Aggregate metadata

    Metadata standards

    Data preservation best practices

    Literature research

  • Brandes 2013, Tarver 2013

    Value-added services…

    Library and Health Records

    Contextual information

    Integrating point-of-care resources

  • Hurst 2014

    Educational initiatives:

    Digital literacy

    Library as a learning center…

    …Librarian as a learning facilitator

  • Boruff 2014

    Medicine is mobile-

    Librarian support for mobile users

    Newsletter of apps

  • Ralmondo 2014


    Health literacy and writing a consent form

  • Building consensus

  • Integration of services

  • Generate Trust

  • Shared responsibility

  • Identity crisis?

    Reference Librarian


    Information Specialist

    Educational Technologist

  • A rose by any other name…

    How do you identify yourself? Poll

  • Library Identity:

    Preserve knowledge

    Keepers of information

  • Collaborations

    More ideas for Embedded Librarianship

    Not in the Literature

  • Government



    This publication is a statement on the significant role of

    public libraries in achieving local sustainability.


  • Building Communities





  • Health Outreach



    http://nnlm.gov/outreach/community/guide s/index.htmlhttp://nnlm.gov/outreach/community/guide s/index.html

  • Parks and Rec



  • Finding your past


    British Library partnership with various organizations


  • Historical societies and

    other partners…





  • Maker Spaces




  • Characteristics:

    Leadership in organizational innovations

    Change agents

    Information (literacy) initiatives

    Instructional design

    Partnerships with IT/Faculty/Community leaders

    Transforming roles and relationships

    Adapting library resources and access to meet needs

  • Brian Matthews 2014:

    Change Literacy

    “…the ability to anticipate,

    create, adapt, and deal with

    change (in the broadest since)

    as a vital fluency for people

    today…” (Chronicle of HE,

    March 2014)

  • New literacies…






    Future Shock (Toffler):

    “the illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who

    cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn,

    unlearn, and relearn.”

  • New roles:

    Collaborators in knowledge production:




    Intellectual freedom


  • Change advocacy…

    Facilitators of change

    Learning spaces

    Maker spaces

    Collection migration

    Open access




  • What do embedded

    librarians do?

    Collaborate with groups

    Meet regularly with users to discuss information needs and results

    Provide training outside of the library

    Meet with major stakeholders to discuss information needs and services

    Attend meetings, class, or conference outside the library

    Communicate regularly using group’s method of contact

  • Critical skills and needs:




  • Shift:

    Reference transactions


    Integrative relationships

  • Organizational Partners







    Critical assessment of information


    Threshold concepts http://www.comminfolit.org/index.php?journal=cil&page=article&op=viewFile&path[]=v7i2p108&path[]=168

    Systematic reviews for fundraising or benchmarks http://guides.library.tamu.edu/systematicreviews


  • Dewey 2004

    Dewey, Barbara I. (2004). The Embedded Librarian:

    Strategic Campus Collaborations. Resource Sharing &

    Information Networks, 17

    (1/2), 5-17. doi: 10.1300/J121v17n0102

  • “Embedded”

    Journalists in Iraq war comparison

    Direct interaction within partnerships

    Librarian observes, shares experiences with external


    Comprehensive collaboration

  • Lean in-

    Be open to taking risks

    Team partner, not please

    Get management support

    Build alliances

    Explore your organization

  • Key Action Points:

    Shared vision with the group you want to embed-

    What are they trying to accomplish?

    Think Librarian, not Library

    Think outside the box

  • Teaching and Collaboration:

    Librarian as key to success

    Fruitful partnerships built on understanding of needs

    Library as new Salon

  • French Salons:

    Center of influence

    Mixing the disciplines

    Bringing people together (synergy)

    Culture of connections

  • Pervasiveness

    Librarians appointed to key committees

    Access to programming and planning meetings

    outside the library

    Library integrated into all components of an


    Librarians must be leaders AND bring people together

  • Connections:

    Partners with administrators

    Subject specialists or liaisons

    Research support

    Grant or fundraising expertise

    Technology support

    Involved with content in curriculum

    Homework help

    Resident support

    Volunteers with underserved populations

  • Efficacy- 2008

    Bowler, Meagan, & Street, Kori. (2008). Investigating the

    efficacy of embedment: experiments in information

    literacy integration.

    Reference Services Review 36, 438-449.

  • Obstacles

    Bridging the gap between different groups

    Overcoming internal confidence problems

    Learning that you can make a difference

    Becoming familiar with the culture outside the library

    Feeling you don’t know how to help them

  • Hmmm…

    Have you ever helped a group outside the library in a

    group setting with your library skills?

    What are your strengths?

    What are you afraid of?

  • References:

    Blake, Lindsay, and Darra Ballance. 2013. "Teaching Evidence-Based Practice in the Hospital and the Library: Two Different Groups, One Course." Medical Reference Services Quarterly no. 32 (1):100-110. doi: 10.1080/02763869.2013.749143.

    Boruff, Jill T., and Dale Storie. 2014. "Mobile devices in medicine: a survey of how medical students, residents, and faculty use smartphones and other mobile devices to find information." Journal of the Medical Library Association no. 102 (1):22-30. doi: 10.3163/1536-5050.102.1.006.

    Bowler, Meagan, and Kori Street. 2008. Investigating the efficacy of embedment: experiments in information literacy integration. Reference & User Services Quarterly 36 (4): 438-449.

    Brandes, Susan, Karen Wells, and Margaret Bandy. 2013. "Invite Yourself to the Table: Librarian Contributions to the Electronic Medical Record." Medical Reference Services Quarterly no. 32 (3):358-364. doi: 10.1080/02763869.2013.807087.

  • Camlek, Victor. 2011. "Healthcare mobile information flow."

    Information Services & Use no. 31 (1/2):23-30. doi: 10.3233/ISU-2011-


    Cooper, Diane, and Janet A. Crum. 2013. "New activities and

    changing roles of health sciences librarians: a systematic review,

    1990-2012." Journal of the Medical Library Association no. 101 (4):268-

    277. doi: 10.3163/1536 -5050.101.4.008.

    Cordell, Diane. 2012. "Skype and the Embedded Librarian." Library

    Technology Reports no. 48 (2):8-11.

    Dewey, Barbara I. 2004. "The Embedded Librarian: Strategic Campus

    Collaborations." Resource Sharing & Information Networks no. 17 (1/2):5-17. doi: 10.1300/J121v17n01̱02.

  • Donahue, Amy E., and Robin M. Featherstone. 2013. "New roles for

    hospital librarians: a benchmarking survey of disaster management

    activities." Journal of the Medical Library Association no. 101 (4):315-

    318. doi: 10.3163/1536 -5050.101.4.014.

    Federer, L. 2013. "The librarian as research informationist: a case

    study." J Med Libr Assoc no. 101 (4):298-302. doi: 10.3163/1536-


    Godin, Seth. 2010. Linchpin: are you indispensible? New York, NY:


    Greyson, Devon, Soleil Surette, Liz Dennett, and Trish Chatterley. 2013.

    ""You're just one of the group when you're embedded": report from a

    mixed-method investigation of the research-embedded health

    librarian experience." Journal of the Medical Library Association no.

    101 (4):287-297. doi: 10.3163/1536 -5050.101.4.010.

    Hurst, Emily J. 2014. "Educational Technologies in Health Sciences

    Libraries: Teaching Technology Skills." Medical Reference Services

    Quarterly no. 33 (1):102-108. doi: 10.1080/02763869.2013.866494.

  • Kenefick, Colleen M., Rachel Boykan, and Maribeth Chitkara. 2013. "Partnering With Residents for Evidence-Based Practice." Medical Reference Services Quarterly no. 32 (4):385-395. doi: 10.1080/02763869.2013.837669.

    Kho, Nancy Davis. 2011. "Embedded Librarianship: Building Relational Roles. (cover story)." Information Today no. 28 (3):1-36.

    King, David N. 2012. "The Contribution of Hospital Library Information Services to Clinical Care: A Study in Eight Hospitals." Journal of the Medical Library Association no. 100:291-301.

    Kumar, Sajeesh, Lin Wu, and Rebecca Reynolds. 2014. "Embedded Librarian Within an Online Health Informatics Graduate Research Course: A Case Study." Medical Reference Services Quarterly no. 33 (1):51-59. doi: 10.1080/02763869.2014.866485.

    Marshall, Joanne Gard, Julia Sollenbergers, Sharon Easterby-Gannett, Lynn Morgan, Mary Lou Klem, Susan K. Cavanaugh, Kathleen Burr Oliver, Cheryl A. Thompson, Neil Ramonosky, and Sue Hunter. 2013. "The value of library and information services in patient care: results of a multisite study." Journal of the Medical Library Association no. 101 (1):38-46. doi: 10.3163/1536-5050.101.1.007.

  • Owusu-Ansah, E. K. 2004. Information literacy and higher education: Placing the academic library in the center of a comprehensive solution.

    Raimondo, Paula G., Ryan L. Harris, Michele Nance, and Everly D. Brown. 2014. "Health literacy and consent forms: librarians support research on human subjects." Journal of the Medical Library Association no. 102 (1):5-8. doi: 10.3163/1536-5050.102.1.003.

    Shannon, Amy W. 2012. "Co-Teaching Relationships among Librarians and Other Information Professionals." Collaborative Librarianship no. 4 (4):132-148.

    Shumaker, David. 2009a. "Let's Circulate Librarians." Library Journal no. 134:8-8.

    Shumaker, David. 2009b. "Who Let the Librarians Out?" Reference & User Services Quarterly no. 48 (3):239-242.

    Shumaker, David. 2012a. The Embedded Librarians.

    Shumaker, David. 2012b. Embedded Librarians in Special Libraries.

    Simons, M. R., M. K. Morgan, and A. S. Davidson. 2012. "Time to rethink the role of the library in educating doctors: driving information literacy in the clinical environment." J Med Libr Assoc no. 100 (4):291-6. doi: 10.3163/1536-5050.100.4.011.

  • Tan, M. C., and L. A. Maggio. 2013. "Expert searcher, teacher,

    content manager, and patient advocate: an exploratory study of

    clinical librarian roles." J Med Libr Assoc no. 101 (1):63-72. doi:


    Tarver, Talicia, Dixie A. Jones, Mararia Adams, and Alejandro Garcia.

    2013. "The Librarian's Role in Linking Patients to Their Personal Health

    Data and Contextual Information." Medical Reference Services

    Quarterly no. 32 (4):459-467. doi: 10.1080/02763869.2013.837730.

    Wu, Lin, and Misa Mi. 2013. "Sustaining Librarian Vitality: Embedded

    Librarianship Model for Health Sciences Libraries." Medical Reference

    Services Quarterly no. 32 (3):257-265. doi:


    Zabel, Diane, John D. Shank, and Steven Bell. 2011. "Blended

    Librarianship: [Re]Envisioning the Role of Librarian as Educator in the

    Digital Information Age." Reference & User Services Quarterly no. 51