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ENBE Final Project Report

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  • 1. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Livable Town Representation Better Livable Town EMPIRE NAME: Loh Pey Mun STUDENT ID: 0318572 COURSE: FNBE APR 2014 Loh Pey Mun | 0318572 | Puan Has| FNBE APR 2014 | Taylors University 1

2. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Livable Town Representation Content: 1. Introduction 2. A Town : Investigation on Better Township or Town or City Guidelines and Issues 3. Investigation & Data Collection: Ancient and old cities/town 4. Investigation & Data Collection: The present towns/cities 5. Investigation & Data Collection: The future and better township 6. The New X Town / Or the new name 7. The Conclusion 8. Reference Loh Pey Mun | 0318572 | Puan Has| FNBE APR 2014 | Taylors University 2 3. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Livable Town Representation 1.Introduction With most of the world living in cities, urban space is going to be at a premium, so we need to design ingenious and important ways to create public gathering spaces This project will be focusing on the component of a town and built environment . We need to propose a new layout for a new X town to solve the problem of population it is too crowed . The future town should focus on the needs of the residents , the facilities , infrastructures , and how it will sustain itself in the future . To plan for the future town we should refer to the past and learn from the past to plan a better future town. Loh Pey Mun | 0318572 | Puan Has| FNBE APR 2014 | Taylors University 3 4. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Livable Town Representation Loh Pey Mun | 0318572 | Puan Has| FNBE APR 2014 | Taylors University 4 5. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Livable Town Representation 2.The Town -A town is a human settlement larger than a village but smaller than a city. -A town is usually a place with a lot of houses, but not a city. As with cities, there is more than one way to say what a town is in different countries. In some places, it is a kind of local government. -Australian geographer Thomas Griffith Taylor identified five types of town: 1. Infantile towns with no clear zoning 2. Juvenile towns which have developed an area of shops 3. Adolescent towns where factories have started to appear 4. Early mature towns with a separate area of high-class housing 5 . Mature towns defined industrial , commercial and various types of residential area. History of a town A town is not just an overgrown village. It has its own economy. Goods are made and traded there. So a good site might be on a bend in a navigable river, or beside a river crossing. The development of towns is generally complex. In those of our historic towns not too mangled by Blitz or boom, you can trace the growth from medieval core through belts of Georgian, Victorian and modern buildings, almost like tree rings. Check your conclusions with a series of town maps. The date and magnificence of churches, public buildings and places of entertainment give other clues to the periods of greatest prosperity. Towns generally have complex systems for sanitation, utilities, land usage, housing, and transportation. The concentration of development greatly facilitates interaction between people and businesses, benefiting both parties in the process, but it also presents challenges to managing urban growth. A big town or metropolis usually has associated suburbs and exurbs. Such towns are usually associated with metropolitan areas and urban areas, creating numerous business commuters traveling to urban centers for employment. What makes a good town? Town are for all people. Public places are where all can share in the good of the town. A town public space should make all the people that live in the town happy. Making people happy requires that they have dignity, are treated equally, and Loh Pey Mun | 0318572 | Puan Has| FNBE APR 2014 | Taylors University 5 6. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Livable Town Representation have hope. A town that can give all the needs of the people ,the facilities , infrastructures and how it will sustain itself in the future . 3.Investigation & Data Collection: Ancient Cities / towns Classical Athens History of Classical Athens Rise to power (508448 BC) Hippias - of the Peisistratid family - established a dictatorship in 514 BC, which proved very unpopular, although it established stability and prosperity, and was eventually overthrown with the help of an army from Sparta, in 511/510 BC. The radical politician of aristocratic background (the Alcmaeonid family), Cleisthenes, then took charge and established democracy in Athens. The reforms of Cleisthenes replaced the traditional four Ionic "tribes" (phyle) with ten new ones, named after legendary heroes of Greece and having no class basis, which acted as electorates. Each tribe was in turn divided into three trittyes (one from the coast; one from the city and one from the inland divisions), while each trittys had one or more demes (see deme) depending on their populationwhich became the basis of local government. The tribes each selected fifty members by lot for the Boule, the council which governed Athens on a day-to-day basis. The public opinion of voters could be influenced by the political satires written by the comic poets and performed in the city theaters.The Assembly or Ecclesia was open to all full citizens and was both a legislature and a supreme court, except in murder cases and religious matters, which became the only remaining functions of the Areopagus. Most offices were filled by lot, although the ten strategoi (generals) were elected.Early Athenian coin, 5th century BC. British Museum.Prior to the rise of Athens, Sparta, a city-state with a militaristic culture, Loh Pey Mun | 0318572 | Puan Has| FNBE APR 2014 | Taylors University 6 7. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Livable Town Representation considered itself the leader of the Greeks, and enforced an hegemony. In 499 BC Athens sent troops to aid the Ionian Greeks of Asia Minor, who were rebelling against the Persian Empire (see Ionian Revolt). This provoked two Persian invasions of Greece, both of which were repelled under the leadership of the soldier-statesmen Miltiades and Themistocles (see Persian Wars). In 490 the Athenians, led by Miltiades, prevented the first invasion of the Persians, guided by king Darius I, at the Battle of Marathon. In 480 the Persians returned under a new ruler, Xerxes I. The Hellenic League led by the Spartan King Leonidas led 7,000 men to hold the narrow passageway of Thermopylae against the 100,000-250,000 army of Xerxes, during which time Leonidas and 300 other Spartan elites were killed. Simultaneously the Athenians led an indecisive naval battle off Artemisium. However, this delaying action was not enough to discourage the Persian advance which soon marched through Boeotia, setting up Thebes as their base of operations, and entered southern Greece. This forced the Athenians to evacuate Athens, which was taken by the Persians, and seek the protection of their fleet. Subsequently the Athenians and their allies, led by Themistocles, defeated the Persian navy at sea in the Battle of Salamis. It is interesting to note that Xerxes had built himself a throne on the coast in order to see the Greeks defeated. Instead, the Persians were routed. Sparta's hegemony was passing to Athens, and it was Athens that took the war to Asia Minor. These victories enabled it to bring most of the Aegean and many other parts of Greece together in the Delian League, an Athenian-dominated alliance. Athenian hegemony (448430 BC) Periclesan Athenian general, politician and oratordistinguished himself above the other personalities of the era, men who excelled in politics, philosophy, architecture, sculpture, history and literature. He fostered arts and literature and gave to Athens a splendor which would never return throughout its history. He executed a large number of public works projects and improved the life of the citizens. Hence, he gave his name to the Athenian Golden Age. Silver mined in Laurium in southeastern Attica contributed greatly to the prosperity of this "Golden" Age of Athens.During the time of the ascendancy of Ephialtes as leader of the democratic faction, Pericles was his deputy. When Ephialtes was assassinated by personal enemies, Pericles stepped in and was elected general, or strategos, in 445 BC; a post he held continuously until his death in 429 BC, always by election of the Athenian Assembly. Peloponnesian War (431404 BC) The modern National Academy in Athens, with Apollo and Athena on their columns, and Socrates and Plato seated in front.Resentment by other cities at the hegemony Loh Pey Mun | 0318572 | Puan Has| FNBE APR 2014 | Taylors University 7 8. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Livable Town Representation of Athens led to the Peloponnesian War in 431, which pitted Athens and her increasingly rebellious sea empire against a coalition of land-based states led by Sparta. The conflict marked the end of Athenian command of the sea. The war between Athens and the city-state Sparta ended with an Athenian defeat after Sparta started its own navy.Athenian democracy was briefly overthrown by the coup of 411, brought about because of its poor handling of the war, but it was quickly restored. The war ended with the complete defeat of Athens in 404. Since the defeat was largely blamed on democratic politicians such as Cleon and Cleophon, there was a brief reaction against democracy, aided by the Spartan army (the rule of the Thirty Tyrants). In 403, democracy was restored by Thrasybulus and an amnesty declared. Corinthian War and the Second Athenian League (395355 BC) Sparta's former allies soon turned against her due to her imperialist policies, and Athens's former enemies, Thebes and Corinth, became her allies. Argo

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