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1 Enterprise Architecture in DND/CAF Mr. Steve Challinor Director, Defence Enterprise Architecture (DEA) February 6, 2017 Enterprise Architecture in DND/CAF Mr. Steve Challinor Director, Defence Enterprise Architecture (DEA) February 6, 2017
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Page 1: Enterprise Architecture in DND/CAF - coe.qualiware.com · Enterprise Architecture in DND/CAF ... Department of National Defence (DND) and ... DND / CAF C4ISR Initiative A Initiative

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Enterprise Architecture in DND/CAFMr. Steve Challinor

Director, Defence Enterprise Architecture (DEA)

February 6, 2017

Enterprise Architecture in DND/CAFMr. Steve Challinor

Director, Defence Enterprise Architecture (DEA)

February 6, 2017

Page 2: Enterprise Architecture in DND/CAF - coe.qualiware.com · Enterprise Architecture in DND/CAF ... Department of National Defence (DND) and ... DND / CAF C4ISR Initiative A Initiative

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Introduction

2

The aim of today’s presentation is to

• Acquaint participants with Enterprise

Architecture in the context of DND/CAF

• Provide an overview of the DND/CAF EA

Programme enablement and lessons

learned

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3 Primary Roles for DND/CAF

• Defend Canada

• Defend North America

• Contribute to International Peace and Security

3

Department of National Defence (DND) and the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF)

• DND is the largest federal government

department in Canada.

• DND and the CAF together have a budget of

approximately 20 billion dollars, and over 115,000

employees, including:

- 65,000 Regular Force members;

- 25,000 Reserve Force members (including

- 4,000 Canadian Rangers); and

- 25,000 civilians.

• The Deputy Minister has responsibility for policy,

resources, interdepartmental coordination and

international defence relations; and

• The Chief of the Defence Staff has

responsibility for command, control and

administration of the CAF and military strategy,

plans and requirements.

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EA – A Basic Understanding

4

EA – A Basic Understanding

• Q> As human beings, what do

we do and why?

• A> Seek understanding by asking: WHO;

WHAT; WHERE; WHEN; WHY; HOW

• Imagine that we find ourselves in a new

circumstance, job, travel, function,

situation, environment etc.

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Origins of EA

Origins of EA

• Therefore it is no coincidence that these

words are at the heart of EA in its quest to

create understanding out of complexity!

• These SIX little words seek to give

“understanding” and awareness sufficient

for us to survive and to thrive in any

environment

5

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6

What EA Provides!

6

Common

Understanding

Through

Effective

Communication

EA =

Common

Understanding

Through

Effective

Communication

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Effective Communications

7

Everyone can relate to building architectures

• Architect’s Rendering

• Floor plans and construction views

• Electrical wiring and plumbing diagrams, etc.

• All of which is about creating standards for effective

communication

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Without Effective Communications?

8

Without an architecture:

Sound familiar?

No Common Understanding!

• No overarching design

• Point to point custom interfaces

• Duplication and redundancy

• Visible and invisible gaps

• High production and maintenance costs

• High Total Cost of Ownership (TCO)

with a low Return On Investment (ROI)

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Decide

Transform

Inform

9

EA – the Ultimate Enabler!

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10

DND/CAF Enterprise Architecture

Programme Overview

DND/CAF Enterprise Architecture

Programme Overview

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Information describing:

• Business Vision & Strategy

• Policy & Legislation

• Rules & Regulations

• Functional Requirements

• Organization Design,

Charts, Job Descriptions

• Process Maps & Models

• Solution/Capability Designs

& Specifications

11

ADM(abc)ADM(abc)

ADM(def)ADM(def)

Project AProject A

Project BProject B

Defence

Renewal

Defence

Renewal

EnterpriseEnterprise ArchitectureArchitecture

the DND/CAF Perspective of

DND / CAFDND / CAF

C4ISRC4ISR

Initiative AInitiative A

Initiative BInitiative B

Project CProject C

DG CyberDG Cyber

…including linkages

enterpriseenterprise

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DEA Mandate

12

To actively establish, implement and manage a robust EA Programmethat will ensure understanding by;

• enabling all DND/CAF organizations to employ a

standard architecture framework and software tool

• establishing an integrated repository of DND/CF

Architecture information to permit sharing of a

common set of solutions

• providing a support capability to advise and assist EA

practitioners, i.e. training, helpdesk, SME assistance

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Vision - The Enterprise Architecture practice is embedded into the DND/CAF daily activities. The

use of a clear, consistent, communicated and managed architecture provides decision makers at

all levels with current information in support of change management and decision making.

DND/CAFEA Programme

DND/CAFEA Programme

Mission - DEA will develop, implement and maintain the DND/CAF EA Programme to ensure

decision makers and systems developers at all levels are well supported with timely and

accurate architectural information, tools and training.

DND/CAF

Architecture

Framework

Tools, Training and

Methodologies

ClientServices Governance

13

Building a successful EA Programme for DND/CAF

A successful EA

Programme is built

upon a number of

“pillars”:

All these components

contribute, in varying

degrees, to providing

DND/CAF with the

ability to do Enterprise

Architecture.

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DND/CAF EA Programme Intent

Concept of Operations / Roles

Manage EA ToolManage EA Tool

Manage EA FrameworkManage EA Framework

• Adopt the

EA Practice

• Build

Architecture

• Adopt the

EA Practice

• Build

Architecture

Builder

(Clients/L1s)

Builder

(Clients/L1s)

Enable (DEA)Enable (DEA)

• Develop and

Manage EA

Programme

• Develop and

Manage EA

Programme

Enterprise

Architecture

Enterprise

Architecture

Exploit informationExploit information

Enable, Train and MentorEnable, Train and Mentor

Apply Structured ApproachApply Structured Approach

Develop Products (artefacts)Develop Products (artefacts)

FederatedEA Roles

FederatedEA Roles

SponsorVCDS

SponsorVCDS

EnablerDEA

EnablerDEA

BuilderL1s

BuilderL1s

Sp

on

sor

(V

CD

S)

-E

A S

tra

teg

ic D

ire

ctio

nS

po

nso

r (

VC

DS

) -

EA

Str

ate

gic

Dir

ect

ion

“Builders” of architecture

require a sustainable, scalable,

repeatable process by which

they can gather and document

information about their

business or organization.

The EA Programme now

provides the components

necessary to allow clients to

perform Enterprise

Architecture in support of their

decision-making and

transformational activities.

14

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EA Content Landscape

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A Strategic Target Architecture is

assembled from GoC policy, CFDS, ARA,

DAODs, IP, PAA, FP&R, Capability Plan,

etc.

Projects are required to develop using the

DNDAF views that show alignment to the

Strategic Target Architecture.

Segment (domain) owners are engaged to develop

architectures (e.g. Navy, C4ISR and MA&S) in alignment

with Strategic Target Architecture

BuilderL1s

BuilderL1s

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Each of these `sub-

elements` must be

identified for EA

initiative

WHO

•Stakeholders,

Practitioners

WHAT

•Information (Models,

Views, Artefacts)

WHERE

•Committees, Boards

(existing Governance)

WHEN

•Decision Points, to

answer Questions

WHY

•Policy, Legislation,

Process, Strategy,

Capability Planning, Change

HOW

•Methods, Frameworks

Governance of the DND/CAF Enterprise Architecture

DND Strategic Governance

Processes where EA information

can be integrated

Str

ate

gic

Se

gm

en

t

Pro

ject

Support existing Strategic Governance processes with

EA information

Controls Compliance

Management Accountability

Decide

Transform

Inform

16

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Benefits we are seeking

Inform. Decide. Transform.17

By capturing and presenting information in a consistent and uniform manner, Enterprise Architecture can inform, guide, and constrain the management decisions required for transformation in the following ways:

17

• Align investment/divestment decisions to support accountability,

control and higher level Defence Strategies

• Facilitate gap analysis between current and future capabilities

and the identification of trade-offs

• Gains in effectiveness, efficiency and reuse of existing solution assets

• Align services with capability objectives and create visibility needed for

Performance Measurement

• Business-process improvement

• Coherence of business rules

• Management of change

• Regulatory and standards compliance

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Implementation Status

Current User base

• 400+ named users on DND local network

• Approx. 201 project/organization repositories on

DND local network

Concurrent use

network licence

• 600 Local network licences: Production, Staging

and Training

• 100 Secret network licences

• 50 Stand alone Secret network licenses

Networks

• DND local, DND Secret (CAN-US) and Stand

Alone Internal Secret network

• DND Testing Environment

18

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Examples of Client

engagements

Client Initiative

19

Str

ate

gic

Se

gm

en

tP

roje

ct

PAA and Defence Business Model and supply chains

support. The EA tool is the system of record for the PAA and

supporting business process models & supply chains

Value Modeling Maintenance and Execution Initiatives

Royal Canadian Navy Enterprise Model support

Maintenance and Support Supply Chains & policy

integration support

C4ISR Programmatic Governance View & Joint Missions

Threads

Common HR Business Processes (TBS) support

Classified C2 Project

MPMCT

C Prog -

DMPP

DRT

RCN

ADM(Mat)

CFD - DC4ISR

ADM(HR-Civ)

CANSOFCOM

CMP

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Modeling

Communication

Exploitation

Traceability

Re-Use

Standardization

Connectivity

Reports

Web

Paperless

Publishing

Decision Support

Optimization

Prioritization

Value Mgmt

20

Not just pretty pictures!

EA in Use

Page 21: Enterprise Architecture in DND/CAF - coe.qualiware.com · Enterprise Architecture in DND/CAF ... Department of National Defence (DND) and ... DND / CAF C4ISR Initiative A Initiative

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Lessons Learned/Observed

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What we’ve learned/observed;

• Be practical – know when good is good enough

• Client experiences/soundings

• Senior level commitment is key

• Don’t underestimate Level of Effort for sustainment

• It takes time, Keep moving toward end goal.

• Many Snowflakes

Page 22: Enterprise Architecture in DND/CAF - coe.qualiware.com · Enterprise Architecture in DND/CAF ... Department of National Defence (DND) and ... DND / CAF C4ISR Initiative A Initiative

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Summary

• The intent of the DND/CAF

EA Programme is to manage the

Enterprise Architecture capability

via the Sponsor, Enabler and Builder roles.

• It is designed to address &

support a multi-layered

approach to Enterprise

Architecture.

• The capability is growing – we have reached

IOC* with FOC** planned in the next few years.

22

*Initial Operational Capability

**Full Operational Capability

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EA is a Game Changer

23

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Page 25: Enterprise Architecture in DND/CAF - coe.qualiware.com · Enterprise Architecture in DND/CAF ... Department of National Defence (DND) and ... DND / CAF C4ISR Initiative A Initiative

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DNDAF Views Interrogatives (1/2)

CV-1

StratV-1

CapV-1

CapV-3

OV-2

OV-4B

OV-4A

OV-5a

OV-5b

OV-5b

OV-5b

What thing am I describing?

What is this for and why is it important?

What do I need to accomplish this?

25

How do the key players interact?

How does the work get done?

How are we organized?

What skills are required?

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SV-2

SV-1

SV-3

SecV-1

IV-1IV-1

TV-1

TV-2

IV-1What Information is

important?

What are the security issues?

26

DNDAF Views Interrogatives (2/2)

What standards are relevant?What is the life

cycle?

How are systems interdependent?

What assets or systems get the

work done?

How is information exchanged?


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