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STUDENT JORNAL The University of Melbourne Semester 1/2010 702883_Environmental Design by: Gustavo Carezzato_320534
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  • STUDENT JORNAL

    The University of MelbourneSemester 1/2010

    702883_Environmental Design

    by: Gustavo Carezzato_320534

  • DEFINITIONS:DEFINITIONS:

    Ecological Environment:Ecological Environment:Capacity of ecosystems to maintain their essential

    functions, and processes, and retain their biodiversityin full measure over the long-term.

    source: BusinessDictionary

    "The maintenance of life support systems (1) andthe achievement of a 'natural' extinction rate (2).

    the achievement of a 'natural' extinction rate (2).1 - climate system, nutrient cycling, etc. - to achieve a healthy geophisiological state.

    2 - the rate that applies between major extinction events triggered by things such as as large meteor strikes,ice ages and the invasion of humans not culturally adapted to the maintenance of ecological sustainability

    in the local context.source: Green Innovations

    Economical Environment:Economical Environment:Totality of Economic factors, such as employment, income,

    inflation, interest rates, productivity, and wealth, thatinfluence the buying behaviour of consumers and firms.

    source: BusinessDictionary.com

    "Any change in a community that enables greater production,increase employment, and a better distribution of goods and

    services." - American Planning Associationsource: Summit County Colorado

    Social Environment:Social Environment:It is one aspect of sustainable development. Social

    sustainability encompasses human right, labor rights, andcorporate governance. In common with environmental

    sustainability, social sustainability, social sustainability is theidea that future generations should have the same or greater

    access to social resources as the current generation. Socialresources include ideas as broad as other cultures and basic

    human rights.source: wikipedia

  • DEFINITIONS:DEFINITIONS:

    Sustainable ArchitectureSustainable ArchitectureSustainable architecture is a general term that describes environmentally-conscious

    design techniques in the field of architecture.source: wikipedia

    "Environmentally-friendly houses and commercial buildings, that are designed and built using sustainable building technologies, sustainable building materials, and

    sustainable energy systems, that don't burden future generations with environmental and financial debts."

    source: Sustainable Building Solutions http://sustainablebuildingsolutions.com/sustainable_architecture.htm

    The idea is to ensure that our actions and decisions today do not inhibit the opportunities of future generations.

    The 'Health Building'The 'Health Building'The definition of the healthy built environment incorporates both the urban

    environment out doors and the indoor surroundings.

    Key Points: the quality of indoor air

    thermal comfort acoustic comfort

    visual comfort functional comfort

    source: Sustainable ArchitectureGyorgy Kunszt - Hungarian Academy of Sciences - Oct 31, 2002

  • DEFINITIONS:DEFINITIONS:

    Bioclimatic Design:Bioclimatic Design:Sustainable design conserves resources and maximizes comfort through design

    adaptations to site-specific and regional climate conditions.

    Bioclimatic Design addresses:

    Site and climatic analysis Description of internal versus external building loads

    Design strategies that reduce or eliminate the need for non-renewable energy resources

    How these strategies specifically shaped the building plan, section, and massing

    How these strategies specifically affected placement, orientation, and shading of the building

    TOPICS:- Building Orientation

    - Earth Sheltering- Walkable Communities

    - Building Form- Daylighting

    - Natural Ventilation- Passive Solar Collection Opportunities

    - Mass Absorption- Green Roof

    - Vegetation for Sun Control- Water Conservation

    Source: AIA Florida Sustainability Design - Quick Reference Manual

    A Sustainable Website Listing Based On "50to50" Sustainability Design Strategies

  • BOOK reviewCities as Sustainable Ecosystems

    Principals and Practicesby Peter Newman and Isabella Jennings

    IslandPress

  • UK

    http://bldgblog.blogspot.com/2009/08/digital-architecture-london.html

    http://www.sciarc.edu/lectures.php?id=1161

    http://www.interactivearchitecture.org/unconventional-computing-architecture.html

    This article explores new materials for architectural practice in the 21st century. International architects and scientists have been exploring the decision-making properties of matter and how this may be applied to create increasingly life-like buildings.Such technologies may form the basis for architecture generated by unconventional computing techniques which range from the actions of protocells, (entirely synthetic DNA-less agents

    05 MAR 10

  • Thai Monks from Sisakaset province built their Buddhist Temple entirely from recycled bottles, and in fact now a brief search on the web has turned up dozens of people who have built buildings from bottles dating back to early 20th Century.

    http://www.narrowlarry.com/nlstagg.html

    THAILAND

  • Aussie architect Sean Godsell's small masterpiece is made from a ready-made, re-used shipping container. Super-efficient and simple, but made to last and protect, the unit uses a bare minimum of industry materials.

    AUSTRALIA

    This beautiful sunset observatory made from recycled shipping containers was recently constructed in the harbor of Songdo New City in Incheon, South Korea. Designed and built by AnL Studio, OceanScope is a composed of five recycled containers, each one angled at a different height to provide 3 distinct views of the harbor.

    SOUTH KOREA

    SHIPPINGcontainers

  • Preston over at Jetson Green posted on LOT-EKs most recent container creation, Puma City. You know I love container building and this is a wonderful use of container design. It really shows the strength of container design and many of the creative elements that make container use so intriguing. If you are considering container building or just love the design of container buildings.

    Could you ever imagine being envious of people\who live in Shipping Containers? Well, now you can, because the Cove Park project is just that good. A dreamy water side home complete with a grass roof.Cove Park is a centre for established artists situated on the west coast of Scotland in 50 acres of spectacular countryside.

    SCOTLAND USA

    SHIPPINGcontainers

  • A tea house, constructed of square paper tubes, is a structure designed for indoor use measuring just over 5 meters long. Housing a table and four stools, the house also features a waiting area with a bench in keeping with tea ceremony practice. Shigeru Ban is a forerunning contemporary architect revisiting Western concepts of Modernism and traditional Japanese architecture conceiving some of the most elegant and inspired buildings across the globe. Dedicated to the exploration of basic geometric elements and innovative use of materials, Shigeru Ban has created unique structural solutions that employ a vision of rational and practical space with the utmost respect to the people that inhabit these spaces and a structures harmony with its environment.

    http://www.dezeen.com/2008/04/02/paper-tea-house-by-shigeru-ban/

    JAPANAn origami chapel for Catholic nuns has been built in the small village of St Loup in the south of Switzerland. The temporary building, by Lausanne-based Local Architecture, uses structural principles inspired by folded paper. Local won a competition to restore the nuns ageing 200-year old chapel in 2007, and needed to find the nuns somewhere to worship for the 18 months of building work. The architect suggested that a new intermediary structure could be more cost-effective, weather-friendly and appropriate than a marquee.

    http://www.archicentral.com/tag/local-architecture/

    Switzerland

    PAPER architecture

  • The contest starts with the hypothesis that, fast transformations and incessant social-cultural flows of contemporary ages let us think about a new concept of living that may be represented in a temporary home that will work as an emblem of the mobility that characterises our age against the so called traditional models of permanence and stability.

    http://alejandrosoffia.wordpress.com/2005/07/30/emergency-cardoboard-living-box/

    CHILE

    Space is limited in densely packed Japan meaning there is hardly any room remaining for garden space but one great solution to this constraint is to place gardens right on the exteriors of buildings! Possibly a precursor to Patrick Blancs famous living walls, Italian-born architect and artist, Gaetano Pesce designed and built the plant-clad Organic Building in Japan. The exterior of the building is an eye-catching vertical garden that takes its conceptual cues from bamboo.

    http://inhabitat.com/2010/05/07/organic-building-in-osaka-is-clad-with-plant-filled-pockets/organic-building-1/

    JAPAN

  • mass water prof

    transparency

    acoustic isolation

    UV resistancefire

    resistancestructural resistance

    temperatureresistance

    recycling level

    paper

    New Paper Recycled Paper

    Substance 15 20 tress used paper

    Water even 100,000 liters of water

    2,000 liters of water

    Energy 17 Watt*hour (Wh) for a

    sheet of paper

    70% less energy compared with the

    normal process

    PollutionCO, CO2, SO2 gas emission polluting

    air and rivers

    There is no chemistry in the process to make the

    white paper

    RESEARCH

  • Bee-board works as a composite sandwich for a marrow of paper in hexagonal form (beehive) with two faces that coat it. Matching different types of substances to compose these faces can be created a great one variety of BEEBOARDs. It is made from recycled paper and therefore it possesses low cost and low environmental impact in its discarding. Beyond its use more recurrent as panels in doors, pisos and movable, are already used in carriages, as I forbid and associate to the concrete in constructions.

    Plated Duropal high-pressure (HPL) is composite for paper layers type Kraft and resin that are compressed to high-temperature and pressure. This resin (melanino) is most resistant amongst the synthetic organic substances, what it makes with that the Duropal is one of the most durable materials to be used in kitchen group of benches (wet areas).

    Paper carpet is made 100% of paper wires. It can in such a way be used in domestic environments how much in public spaces. It can be washed and it keeps its form. It is a very resistant material.

    Environ biocomposite is a board made from recycled paper and quickly renewable agricultural resources. Solvents are not used that emit gases in its production. Strong and very resistant the impact. Used in horizontal and vertical furniture, surfaces of internal environments.

    Structural cardboard panels are manufactured from the Kraft paper, consisitindo of a series of triangular cells, formando a similar structure to the cardboard box corrugated used in the industry of packages.

    BEE-BOARD DUROPAL PAPER CARPET ENVIRONCARDBOARD

    PANELS

    paperRESEARCH

  • The material is made by 93,5% of paper and 6,5% of fibre of cannabis or hemp. Its surface is dealt with natural wax. Very used as carpet.

    OSCURO

    A made up of plastic and role, played mainly of recycled materials. It can be worked as it was wood. Its rigid surface resists the strong winds and the mechanical erosion. It can be recycled and to come back to the same process of production.

    UPM

    It is the traditional Japanese decorative paper. Illuminated well, it can be used in walls and linings. The technology of today allows that they have little problems with this material in respect to fire, discolouration and shrinking. It can be used enters two glass blades or still glue in an acrylic board.

    WASHI PAPER

    Used as carpet, blinds and other decorative elements. The fabric is an intertwining of cotton and paper. The appearance is modified in accordance with the moisture of air, since the material shrinks with this variation. For its maintenance, the fabric can be washed to the machine, adding natural soap.

    COTTON PAPER PAPER TUBES

    The paper tubes are produced through the overlapping of layers of paper intercalated by a glue layer and overlapped of spiral form around a cylindrical center, giving to it tubular form to it. The size and the thickness of the overlapping bands vary, as well as the thickness of the tubes and the internal diameter. The length of the tubes also can vary in accordance with the machine that produces it.

    paperRESEARCH

  • 05 MAY 10

    Seen over at Arch Daily this morning, Germany and Chinas captivating German-Chinese House for the Shanghai World expo is a study in bamboo. The two story art building is the only pavilion in the Expo to utilize the extremely renewable and fast growing material as a load-bearing structure. Designed by Markus Heinsdorff in collaboration with MUDI, the art pavilion is the crowning achievement in the two countries event series, Germany and China Moving Ahead Together.

    Read more: Germany and China Collaborate on a Bamboo Pavilion for Shanghai World Expo | Inhabitat - Green Design Will Save the World

    CHINA

  • EMERGENCY architectureSHELTERcardboard

    Slide 1Slide 2Slide 3Slide 4Slide 5Slide 6Slide 7Slide 8Slide 9Slide 10Slide 11Slide 12Slide 13Slide 14Slide 15Slide 16


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