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ERADICATING BOVINE TB FROM HOKITIKA WAITAHA · ERADICATING BOVINE TB FROM HOKITIKA WAITAHA VERSION...

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tbfree.org.nz 0800 482 463 TBfree is an OSPRI programme ERADICATING BOVINE TB FROM HOKITIKA WAITAHA VERSION 1.0 | MAY 2017 TB MANAGEMENT AREAS The TBfree programme aims to control and eventually eradicate bovine tuberculosis (TB) in New Zealand by 2055. We use possum control, along with regular herd testing and movement restrictions, to achieve this objective. Information gathered from wild animal surveys, recent and historic findings of TB in wild animals, herd testing results and the operational history of the region is used when planning operations. The TBfree programme is delivered through TB management areas (TMAs). These areas were created based on the likely or possible presence of TB in wildlife, similar habitat features, known disease patterns, geography and control history. Each TMA has a specific TB control plan designed to eradicate TB as effectively as possible. A TMA is made up of one or more Vector Control Zones (VCZs) within which possum control or wildlife survey operations maybe carried out from year-to-year, depending on wild animals present, habitat, progress toward TB eradication and available funding. This notice provides an overview of TB control work planned for the Hokitika Waitaha TMA. It is not a formal notice of any specific operation. All operation dates provided are provisional and subject to consultation. Landowners and other affected parties will be contacted with details of specific operations before any work commences.
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Page 1: ERADICATING BOVINE TB FROM HOKITIKA WAITAHA · ERADICATING BOVINE TB FROM HOKITIKA WAITAHA VERSION 1.0 | MAY 2017 TB MANAGEMENT AREAS The TBfree programme aims to control and eventually

tbfree.org.nz

0800 482 463TBfree is an OSPRI programme

ERADICATING BOVINE TB FROM HOKITIKA WAITAHAVERSION 1.0 | MAY 2017

TB MANAGEMENT AREASThe TBfree programme aims to control and eventually eradicate bovine tuberculosis (TB) in New Zealand by 2055.

We use possum control, along with regular herd testing and movement restrictions, to achieve this objective. Information gathered from wild animal surveys, recent and historic findings of TB in wild animals, herd testing results and the operational history of the region is used when planning operations.

The TBfree programme is delivered through TB management areas (TMAs). These areas were created based on the likely or possible presence of TB in wildlife, similar habitat features, known disease patterns, geography and control history. Each TMA has a specific TB control plan designed to eradicate TB as effectively as possible.

A TMA is made up of one or more Vector Control Zones (VCZs) within which possum control or wildlife survey operations maybe carried out from year-to-year, depending on wild animals present, habitat, progress toward TB eradication and available funding.

This notice provides an overview of TB control work planned for the Hokitika Waitaha TMA.

It is not a formal notice of any specific operation. All operation dates provided are provisional and subject to consultation. Landowners and other affected parties will be contacted with details of specific operations before any work commences.

Page 2: ERADICATING BOVINE TB FROM HOKITIKA WAITAHA · ERADICATING BOVINE TB FROM HOKITIKA WAITAHA VERSION 1.0 | MAY 2017 TB MANAGEMENT AREAS The TBfree programme aims to control and eventually

tbfree.org.nz

0800 482 463TBfree is an OSPRI programme

HOKITIKA WAITAHAThe Hokitika Waitaha TMA covers 61,274 ha south of the Hokitika River between the Main Divide and the coast. The area includes the Ross township, Rangitoto, Purcell and Bonar Ranges and the Waitaha Valley. It also includes the Mikonui, Kakapotahi and Waitaha River catchments. The habitat is mixed farmland, coastal pakihi wetlands and podocarp forest. Altitudes range from sea level to 1000m.

HOKITIKI WAITAHA TB HISTORYTB was confirmed in possums in 2009. Two herds in recent years have been infected with TB as a direct result of contact with infected wildlife. There are 38 herds within the Hokitika Waitaha TMA.

CONTROL HISTORYGround based possum control has previously been undertaken in 2014 in the Waitaha block over 9,362 ha and in 2015, in the Mikonui-Totara block over 8,390 ha.

Aerial possum control has previously been undertaken in 2010 in the Mikonui North and South areas over approximately 38,941 ha.

ERADICATION GOALSOSPRI’s main goals for TB control in the Hokitika Waitaha area are:

• TB freedom in livestock by 2017

• TB freedom in possums by 2022

• TB freedom in the Hokitiki Waitaha TMA by 2022

These goals are ahead of the national objectives of TB freedom in livestock by 2026, and TB freedom in possums by 2040. We aim to have fully eradicated TB from New Zealand by 2055.

TARGETING POSSUMSTo eradicate bovine TB from possum populations, possum numbers need to be kept extremely low – around one to two animals every ten hectares.

Previous possum control and livestock disease management has dramatically reduced the number of infected herds in the West Coast/Tasman region. However monitoring has shown that further control work is needed in the Hokitika Waitaha area to reduce the possum population, to minimise the risk of the disease spreading through wild animal populations and onto farmed cattle and deer and to ensure further good progress towards disease eradication.

This area last had control work in 2015.

OPERATIONAL TIMEFRAMEPlanned control and surveillance management activities are outlined in the table below.

TYPE OF CONTROL

WHEN?* HOW MANY HECTARES?

WHERE?

Ground Control 2017/2018 8,390 Mikonui-Totara Valley

Aerial Control 2018 37,842 Mikonui (North and South)

Ground Control 2018/2019 9,090 Waitaha

Trigger Monitor 2019/2020 19,175 Mikonui North

Trigger Monitor 2019/2020 20,747 Mikonui South

Ground Control 2019/2020 9,117 Mikonui - Totara Valley

Hectares under control are indicative only and may change after consultation. * The operational year runs from 1 July – 30 June

Page 3: ERADICATING BOVINE TB FROM HOKITIKA WAITAHA · ERADICATING BOVINE TB FROM HOKITIKA WAITAHA VERSION 1.0 | MAY 2017 TB MANAGEMENT AREAS The TBfree programme aims to control and eventually

tbfree.org.nz

0800 482 463TBfree is an OSPRI programme

2017/18 ACTIVITIES

Page 4: ERADICATING BOVINE TB FROM HOKITIKA WAITAHA · ERADICATING BOVINE TB FROM HOKITIKA WAITAHA VERSION 1.0 | MAY 2017 TB MANAGEMENT AREAS The TBfree programme aims to control and eventually

tbfree.org.nz

0800 482 463TBfree is an OSPRI programme

POSSUM MONITORINGWe’re running a possum monitoring operation in parts of this TMA. This will allow us to estimate the possum population density in the area. The results are used to determine if, or when, more control work will be carried out in the future.

THE METHOD GROUND CONTROLOur contractors will be using hand-laid toxins and traps to carry out this possum control operation. Control methods include leg-hold traps and toxins such as cyanide and hand- laid 1080.

TRIGGER MONITOROur contractors will be using wax tags to carry out this possum monitor operation.

AERIAL CONTROLWhere access is good, possum control is mostly done by contractors using ground-based traps and hand-laid toxins such as cyanide. In more remote or rugged areas, aerial application of baits containing biodegradable 1080 may be the preferred method. Aerial control is efficient, cost effective and has been extremely successful at knocking possum numbers down to very low levels in the past. It is preferred in areas with rugged terrain. The Parliamentary Commissioner for the Environment completed an extensive

review into the use of 1080, in which she strongly endorsed its continued use in New Zealand.

Please visit pce.parliament.nz to read this report.

POSSUM POPULATION MONITORING Following control work, the possum population density will be monitored to assess the operation’s success. From the results, we’ll be able to tell if further possum control work needs to be done in the area.

TESTING HERDSCattle and deer herds are monitored for TB through a combination of herd testing and carcass inspection at slaughter. The frequency of testing depends on the herd’s location, management and TB history. In general cattle and deer that are positive to both a skin test and a follow-up blood test are sent directly to slaughter. Further laboratory tests are then carried out to confirm any TB infection. If TB is confirmed, herds are placed under a strict testing and movement control programme until disease is eradicated from the whole herd.

MOVEMENT CONTROLThe Hokitika Waitaha TMA is in the West Coast Movement Control Area.

As a result, TB testing is required for cattle and deer before are they are moved to another herd or farm.

WHAT NEXT?These operations are in their planning stages, and dates and control methods are provisional and subject to consultation. Before any operations begin, affected landowners and occupiers will be contacted and visited by one of our contractors. Depending on the control methods used and the location of the operations, consents may be required from the Department of Conservation and Ministry of Health.

FURTHER INFORMATIONOSPRI Greymouth office PO Box 535 Greymouth 7840

P 03 769 9098 E [email protected]

tbfree.org.nz | ospri.co.nz

For more information on controlling bovine TB, visit 1080facts.co.nz


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