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Famous Monuments of India - fileFAMOUS MONUMENTS OF INDIA . ... The monuments of Vijayanagara city,...

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  • FAMOUS MONUMENTS OF INDIA

  • A part of the Seven Wonders of the World. Taj Mahal has

    become a symbol of endless love and devotion.

    On the backdrop of Yamuna River .

    Mughal emperor of India, Shah Jahan in the memory of

    his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal,

    Ustad Ahmad Lahori, has been cited to plan this

    building.

    construction began in 1630

  • It took 12 years of hard labour and 20,000 labourers to build the

    mausoleum.

    The architectural complex is comprised of five main elements:

    1. the 'Darwaza' or main gateway,

    2. the 'Bageecha' or garden,

    3. the Masjid or mosque,

    4. the 'Naqqar Khana' or rest house, and

    5. the 'Rauza' or the Taj Mahal mausoleum. The actual Tomb is

    situated inside the Taj.

    The marble stature memorial has got embellishments of beautiful marble inlay work

    known as "Pietra Dura" that is a very integral part of Agra's art culture and

    traditions.

  • Qutb-u'd-Din Aibak laid the foundation of Qutab Minar in AD

    1199 raised the first storey.

    Three more storeys by his successor and son-in-law, Shamsu'd-

    Din IItutmish (AD 1211-36).

  • Shah Jahan

    In 1638 when the emperor moved the capital of India from Agra

    to Delhi, a new royal palace was constructed.

    Known as the Red Fort (Lal Qila), it was begun around 1640 and

    completed by 1648.

    The Khas Mahal served as the emperor's private quarters and was the

    most exquisitely decorated of all the pavilions.

    The Diwan-i-khas in Red Fort was designed to reflect heaven and

    served as the private audience hall.

    All public audiences were held in the Diwan-i-am, and secret

    meetings took place in the Royal Tower, or Shah Burj.

    he Moti-Masjid (Pearl Mosque), built by Aurangzeb for his personal use.

  • Location of the site: Khajuharo, Madhya Pradesh

    Famous For: Khajuraho is well known for erotic art sculptures and

    carved temples and Dance Festival

    Significance: World Heritage Site

    Nearby attractions: Panna Wildlife Sanctuary

    Khajuraho Temples

  • Location of the

    site: 99-km From Aurangabad, Maharashtra

    Significance: World Heritage Site

    Total Caves: 30

    Dates Back to: 2nd Century BC To 6th Century AD

    Ajanta Caves

    The themes are intensely religious in tone and centre round Buddha, Bodhisattvas,

    incidents from the life of Buddha and the 'Jatakas'. Ajanta cave paintings are

    executed on a ground of mud-plaster in the tempera technique.

  • Location: Near Mumbai

    Carved

    Between: 9th And 12th Centuries AD

    Designated As: World Heritage Site

    Famous For: Lord Shiva temple

    Elephanta Caves

  • Charminar

    Charminar, a splendid piece of architecture standing

    in the heart of the hyderabad city built by Quli

    Qutub Shah, in 1591.

    A Representation Of Indo-Sarcenic Tradition

  • Agra Fort

    Akbar

    UP

  • Fatehpur Sikri

    Location: Agra, Uttar Pradesh

    Build By: Akbar

    Built in: 1571 - 1585

    an epic poem in red sandstone

  • Location: Delhi

    Architecture: Mughal Architecture

    Designed By: Misak Mirza Ghiyas

    Built By: Humayun's Wife Haji Begum

    Humayun's Tomb

  • Location: 18 Miles From Aurangbad, Maharashtra

    Belonging To: Hindu, Buddhist And Jain

    Total Caves: 34

    Carved

    Between: 5th And 10th Century AD

    Ellora Caves

    Kailasha (Cave 16) is a remarkable example of

    rock-cut temples

  • Location: Hampi, 350 kms from Banglore

    Famous For : The Vithala Temple complex

    Hampi

    Legacy Of Vijayanagar Empire

    Hampi is situated on the southern bank of Tungabhadra.

    Once it was the seat of the mighty Vijayanagara Empire.

    The monuments of Vijayanagara city, also known as Vidyanagara in honour of the

    sage Vidyaranya were built between AD 1336-1570, from the times of Harihara-I to

    Sadasiva Raya.

    A large number of royal buildings were raised by Krishnadeva Raya (AD 1509-30),

    the greatest ruler dynasty.

  • Nalanda University

    Nalanda 90-km south east of Patna by road.

    Lord Vardhamana Mahavir and Lord Buddha frequently visited it in the 6th century BC.

    It is also supposed to be the birthplace of Sariputra, one of the Chief disciples of the Lord Buddha.

    The University of Nalanda was founded in the 5th century by the Gupta emperors.

    Nalanda was a great centre of learning and students from foreign centre of learning and students from foreign

    countries were also attracted to this university.

    Hieun Tsang received here the Indian name Mokshdeva.

    Nalanda acquired a celebrity spread all over the east as a centre of Buiddhist theology and educational activities. Its

    importance as a monastic university continued until the end of the 12th century.

  • Sanchi Stupa

    Sanchi is a small village in Raisen District of the state of Madhya Pradesh, India, it

    is located 46 km north east of Bhopal, and 10 km from Besnagar and Vidisha in

    the central part of the state of Madhya Pradesh.

    specimen of Buddhist art and architecture,

    the period between the third century BC and the twelfth century AD

  • Pattadakal

    Pattadakal was not only popular Chalukyan architectural activities, but also a

    holy place for royal coronation, 'Pattadakisuvolal'. Temples constructed here

    mark the blending of the Rekha Nagara Prasada and the Dravida Vimana styles of

    temple building.

    Virupaksha temple of the Chalukyan period served as a model for the

    Rashtrakuta ruler to carve out the great Kailasha at Ellora.

  • Location: Konark, Orissa

    Also Known As: Black Pagoda & Konarak

    Built By: King Narsingha Deva

    Presiding Deity: Surya Or The Sun God

    Konark Sun Temple

    Konark Sun Temple is a 13th century Sun Temple, at Konark, in Odisha. It was

    constructed from oxidized and weathered ferruginous sandstone by King

    Narasimhadeva I of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty

  • Buland Darwaza

    Buland Darwaza erected in 1602 AD to commemorate Akbar's victory over

    Deccan is the highest and grandest gateway in India and ranks among the

    biggest in the world.

    The Darwaza rises to a height of 40 metres and is topped by pillars and

    Chhatris.

    It is the most Islamic structure in Fatehpur Sikri and echoes early Mughal

    design with simple ornamentation, the carved verses from the Koran and

    soaring arches. On the outside a long flight of steps sweeps down the hill

    giving the gateway additional height.

  • India Gate in Delhi

    At the center of New Delhi stands the 42m high India Gate, an

    "Arc-de-Triomphe" like Archway in the middle of a crossroad.

    It commemorates the 70,000 Indian soldiers who lost their lives

    fighting for the British Army during the First World War and bears

    the names of more than 13,516 British and Indian soldiers killed in

    the Northwestern Frontier in the Afghan war of 1919.

    The foundation stone was laid by His Royal Highness, the Duke of Connaught in 1921

    and was designed by Edwin Lutyens. The monument was dedicated to the nation 10

    years later by the then Viceroy, Lord Irwin. Another memorial, Amar Jawan Jyoti was

    added much later, after India got its independence. It is in the form of a flame that burns

    day and night under the arch to remind the nation of soldiers who laid down their lives

    in the Indo-Pakistan War of December 1971.

  • Golconda Fort

    Golconda Fort is a majestic monument, which lies on the western outskirts of

    Hyderabad city. It speaks of a great cultural heritage of 400 years and is

    regarded as a place worth visiting. Built by Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah in

    1525, Golconda Fort stands as the epitome of Nawabi culture and grandeur.

  • Jama Masjid

    Jama Masjid is one of the largest mosques in

    India.

    It was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan

    and is located across the Red Fort in Delhi.

  • Lotus Temple

    The Lotus Temple is called so because of its flower like shape. It was

    built in 1986. It is a Bahai House of Worship and due to its unique

    architectural design, it has won various awards. It was built in 1986

    and has become one of the most well-known attractions in Delhi. It is

    located in the South of Delhi having acres of gardens in its

    surroundings.

  • Golden Temple

    This temple is also known as Darbar Sahib or

    Hari Mandir Sahib. It is actually a Sikh

    Gurdwara that is located in Amritsar, Punjab.

    The dome of this temple is covered with a gold

    leaf and the interiors of temple are decorated

    with precious stones in a floral design.

  • Bijapur

    City in India

    Bijapur city is the district headquarters of Bijapur District of Karnataka state. It is

    also the headquarters for Bijapur Taluka.

    Gol Gumbaz or Gol Gumbadh, Kannada: , Urdu: ,from Persian Gol Gombadh meaning "rose dome",-- is the mausoleum of

    Mohammed Adil Shah, Sultan of Bijapur. Wikipedia

    Height: 60 m

    Opened: 1659

    Address: Jadar Galli, Bijapur, Karnataka

    Architects: Mohammed Adil Shah, Yaqut of Dabul

    Burials: Mohammed Adil Shah, Ali Adil Shah II

  • Mount Abu

    Mountain

    Mount Ab

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