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February 2010 issue of Phytopathology News.
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February 2010 • Volume 44 • Number 2 Phytopathology News Exchange • Inform • Connect In this Issue Editor’s Corner .................................... 18 APS Foundation .................................. 21 Public Policy Update ........................... 22 Annual Report ..................................... 23 APS 2.0 ............................................... 24 Outreach .............................................. 25 Division News ..................................... 26 People ................................................. 27 Classifieds ............................................ 29 Journal Articles .................................... 31 Calendar of Events ............................... 32 Advertiser’s Index ICPPB 2010 ........................................ 19 Plant Pathology’s Rising Stars and Most Talented Players to Meet in Nashville at the 2010 APS Annual Meeting e APS Annual Meeting is headed to Opryland in Nashville, TN, for 2010. e meeting will take place August 7–11, 2010, at the Gaylord Opryland Hotel, located just 15–20 minutes outside of down- town Nashville. e 2010 theme, “Creating Possibilities,” encourages attendees to embrace societal changes and create new opportunities for growth across the field. Field Trips Field trips organized by APS are a great way to make the most of your time in Nashville, learn about the work of local plant pathologists, and express your interest in the unique horticulture and forestry industries in the Nashville area. Field trips also help APS members connect and interact with the public to promote the issues, ideas, and discoveries of the organization and the field of plant pathology. Events for the 2010 Annual Meeting include: Extension Field Tour is is a tour of work done by extension pathologists in the Nashville area: University of Tennessee Soil, Plant, and Pest Center. Ornamental & Forestry Nursery Field Trip e Tennessee ornamental horticulture and forestry industries face unique pathogen challenges. See long-standing operations and visit with up-and-coming growers to hear how to continue to grow quality plant materials under foliar and root disease pressure during this difficult economic time. Town Hall Meeting/Meet the Plant Doctor is is a public meeting, with the general public and master gardeners as the targeted audience, to provide interaction among APS members and the local community. Turfgrass Field Tour is tour consists of visits to various turfgrass stands in the Nashville area to learn about management challenges unique to the region. We will also observe biotic and abiotic stresses of these stands. Annual Meeting Abstract Submissions Are Now Open Submit an abstract today to be a part of the 2010 APS Annual Meeting scientific program! Presenting an oral presentation or a poster at the APS Annual Meeting is the best way to meet like-minded plant pathologists, make connections that will last throughout your career, and receive critical feedback and exposure for your research. e online submission of abstracts for the annual meeting will take place February 1 through March 15, 2010. e March 15 deadline applies to submission of both oral and poster presentations. Acceptance of oral presentations will be limited to the first 145, so you are encouraged to submit early. Oral presentations submitted after the first 145 will be reassigned as posters. ere is a limit of one oral presentation per submitter or presenter. ere is no limit to the number of poster submissions. Remember to fully edit and proof your abstract before submitting. Visit http:// meeting. aspnet.org for details and submission information. n 2010 APS Annual Meeting continued on page 20 Courtesy of the Gaylord Opryland Hotel. Courtesy of the Nashville Convention & Visitors Bureau.
Transcript
Page 1: February 2010 Phytopathology News

February 2010 • Volume 44 • Number 2

Phytopathology NewsExchange • Inform • Connect

In this IssueEditor’s Corner .................................... 18APS Foundation .................................. 21Public Policy Update ........................... 22Annual Report ..................................... 23APS 2.0 ............................................... 24Outreach .............................................. 25Division News ..................................... 26People ................................................. 27Classifieds ............................................ 29Journal Articles .................................... 31 Calendar of Events ............................... 32

Advertiser’s IndexICPPB 2010 ........................................ 19

Plant Pathology’s Rising Stars and Most Talented Players to Meet in Nashville at the 2010 APS Annual Meeting

The APS Annual Meeting is headed to Opryland in Nashville, TN, for 2010. The meeting will take place August 7–11, 2010, at the Gaylord Opryland Hotel, located just 15–20 minutes outside of down-town Nashville. The 2010 theme, “Creating Possibilities,” encourages attendees to embrace societal changes and create new opportunities for growth across the field.

Field TripsField trips organized by APS are a great way to make the most of your time in Nashville, learn about the work of local plant pathologists, and express your interest in the unique

horticulture and forestry industries in the Nashville area. Field trips also help APS members connect and interact with the public to promote the issues, ideas, and discoveries of the organization and the field of plant pathology. Events for the 2010 Annual Meeting include:

Extension Field TourThis is a tour of work done by extension pathologists in the Nashville area: University of Tennessee Soil, Plant, and Pest Center.

Ornamental & Forestry Nursery Field TripThe Tennessee ornamental horticulture and forestry industries face unique pathogen challenges. See long-standing operations and visit with up-and-coming growers to hear how to continue to grow quality plant materials under foliar and root disease pressure during this difficult economic time.

Town Hall Meeting/Meet the Plant DoctorThis is a public meeting, with the general public and master gardeners as the targeted audience, to provide interaction among APS members and the local community.

Turfgrass Field TourThis tour consists of visits to various turfgrass stands in the Nashville area to learn about management challenges unique to the region. We will also observe biotic and abiotic stresses of these stands.

Annual Meeting Abstract Submissions Are Now Open Submit an abstract today to be a part of the 2010 APS Annual Meeting scientific program! Presenting an oral presentation or a poster at the APS Annual Meeting is the best way to meet like-minded plant pathologists, make connections that will last throughout your career, and receive critical feedback and exposure for your research. The online submission of abstracts for the annual meeting will take place February 1 through March 15, 2010. The March 15 deadline applies to submission of both oral and poster presentations. Acceptance of oral presentations will be limited to the first 145, so you are encouraged to submit early. Oral presentations submitted after the first 145 will be reassigned as posters. There is a limit of one oral presentation per submitter or presenter. There is no limit to the number of poster submissions. Remember to fully edit and proof your abstract before submitting. Visit http://meeting.aspnet.org for details and submission information. n

2010 APS Annual Meeting continued on page 20

Courtesy of the Gaylord Opryland Hotel.

Courtesy of the Nashville Convention & Visitors Bureau.

Page 2: February 2010 Phytopathology News

Editor-in-Chief: Doug JardineManaging Editor: Michelle BjerknessEditor: Amanda AranowskiDesign: Agnes WalkerAdvertising Sales: Karen Deuschle

Phytopathology News (ISSN 0278-0267) is published eleven times per year by The American Phytopathological Society (APS) at 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, MN 55121 U.S.A. Phone: +1.651.454.7250, Fax: +1.651.454.0766, E-mail: [email protected], Web: www.apsnet.org. Phytopathology News is distributed to all APS members. Subscription price to nonmembers is $69 U.S./$81 Elsewhere. Periodicals paid at St. Paul, MN. CPC Intl Pub Mail #0969249. Postmaster: Send address changes to Phytopathology News, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, MN 55121 U.S.A.

Submission GuidelinesAddress all editorial correspondence to: Doug Jardine, Department of Plant Pathology, 4024 Throckmorton Hall, Kansas State Univer-sity, Manhattan, KS, 66506-5502 U.S.A. Phone: +1.785.532.1386; Fax: +1.785.532.5692; E-mail: [email protected]; E-mail: [email protected]. In order to ensure timely publication of your news items and announcements, please send in material six weeks prior to the date of publication. Material should be no more than six months old when submitted. Submission of materials as electronic files, via e-mail, will speed processing. For information on submitting electronic images contact Agnes Walker at [email protected]. Deadline for submitting items for the May 2010 issue is March 15, 2010.

APS LeadershipOfficers President: Barbara J. Christ President-Elect: John L. Sherwood Vice President: Carol A. Ishimaru Immediate Past President: James W. Moyer Secretary: Danise T. Beadle Treasurer: Randall C. Rowe

Councilors Senior, at-Large: Michael J. Boehm Intermediate, at-Large: Carolee T. Bull Junior, at-Large: Anne E. Dorrance Caribbean Division: Maria Mercedes Roca North Central Division: George W. Sundin Northeastern Division: Wade Elmer Pacific Division: Jim Adaskaveg Potomac Division: Kathryne L. Everts Southern Division: John C. Rupe

Editors-in-Chief APS PRESS: Margery L. Daughtrey MPMI: Gary Stacey Phytopathology: Niklaus J. GrÜnwald Phytopathology News: Doug Jardine Plant Disease: R. Mike Davis Plant Disease Management Reports: Frank Wong Plant Health Progress: Mike E. Matheron The Plant Health Instructor: Anton B. Baudoin

Board and Office Chairs and Directors APS Foundation Chair: George S. Abawi PPB Chair: Jacque Fletcher Publications Board Chair: Margaret E. Daub OEC Director: Darin M. Eastburn OIP Director: Sally A. Miller OIR Director: Brian D. Olson OPRO Director: Monica Elliott SPB Director: Scott T. Adkins

Division OfficersCaribbean President: Ron Brlansky Vice President: Lydia Rivera-Vargas Secretary-Treasurer: Ronald French-MonarNorth Central President: Lawrence Osborne Vice President: Deanna Funnell-Harris Secretary-Treasurer: Loren GieslerNortheastern President: Norman Lalancette Vice President: Russell Tweddell Secretary-Treasurer: Beth GuginoPacific President: Walter Mahaffee President-Elect: Jay Pscheidt Secretary-Treasurer: Juliet WindesPotomac President: Christopher Dardick Vice President: Mary Ann Hansen Secretary-Treasurer: Boris VinatzerSouthern President: Bob Kemerait President-Elect: Boyd Padgett Vice President: David Langston Secretary-Treasurer: Donald Ferrin

Phytopathology NewsExchange • Inform • ConnectFebruary 2010 • Volume 44 • Number 2

18 Phytopathology News

Editor’s CornerRemembering the Past, Moving on to the FutureDoug Jardine, Kansas State University, [email protected]

With the publication of the January issue of Phytopathology News, I have accepted the baton from a long line of distinguished editors dating back to 1967, when Malcolm Shurtleff became the first editor of Phytopathology News. As I reflect back on my 28 years as a member of APS and a reader of Phytopathology News, two past editors come notably to mind.

From 1991 through 1995, Lee Campbell provided thoughtful, often elegant essays on numerous topics in which he routinely drew upon his considerable knowledge of the history of plant pathology in the United States. For those of you who have not read it, especially students and the young professional members of our society, I would encourage you to find a copy of The Formative Years of Plant Pathology in the United States, cowritten by Campbell, Paul Peterson, and Clay Griffith. Hopefully, it

is available in department or main campus libraries. If not, it is still available from APS PRESS. The book is divided into four sections starting out with Plant Disease and Agriculture in Early America; then, The Origins of U.S. Plant Pathology; followed by The Rise of Plant Disease Research; and fin-ishing with The Maturation and Professionalization of Plant Pathology. It is an easy and informative read that provides a perspective as to how our profession has advanced to where it is today.

Succeeding Campbell was Bob Nyvall. Nyvall provided often irreverent and sometimes downright comical essays on subjects such as old barns and the detritus in his closet, which often had little to do with plant pathology, but kept readers eagerly awaiting the next edition of the newsletter to see what he had on his mind in the Editor’s Corner. While not possessing the eloquence of Campbell or the wry sense of humor of Nyvall, I do hope to maintain the high set of standards that they and the previous editors have established.

In the near future, we will be conducting a reader survey to get your input on what you would like to see in the newsletter. We will be asking you what we should keep, what has run its course, and what new features should be included. Finally, I would genuinely encourage members to submit thoughtful commentaries or letters to the editor for publication, keeping in mind that, as the editor, I have the final say as to what will be accepted or rejected, according to its appropriateness for Phytopathology News. Submitted pieces should relate to the science or profession of plant pathology or issues of relevance to the governance and operation of the society. n

A Revolutionary’s Guide to Taking Over APS: Step Three—Make APSnet Front-Page News Carolee Bull, APS Intermediate Councilor-at-Large, [email protected]

What do pumpkins, Hawaii, poisonous fungi, hurricanes, Jurassic Park, chocolate, chili peppers, risk, worms, warts, ergot, art, poor farmers, silicon, photography, and antibiotics all have in common? They have all been front-page news on our society’s homepage (www.apsnet.org) in the last few years.

Through a team effort, APS members and staff have developed a dynamic and informative homepage and website. The cornerstone to the dynamic nature of the APS homepage is the ever-changing APSnet Features. APSnet Features provide us with timely reviews of important plant diseases and societal issues facing the plant pathology community. The APSnet Features are often viewed as articles of general educational interest to our membership and sometimes for the general public. My personal favorite

was the October 2000 feature, “Scary Diseases Haunt Pumpkins and Other Cucurbits,” and with more than 16,000 viewings of this page, it is clear that I wasn’t the only one who read it.

So, you are creative and you know a lot. You have a lot of experience and a college education, and you may have even stayed in school long enough to pile your knowledge higher and more deeply. If

Carolee Bull

Doug Jardine

Page 3: February 2010 Phytopathology News

Phytopathology News 19

so, you probably know more than anyone else in the world about at least one specific topic. You are an expert and you are the ideal person to write an APSnet Feature!

Taking the time and energy to write a feature for APSnet may not directly bring you fortune, but fame (at least among plant pathologists) is nearly guaranteed. Guaranteed, because every time someone goes to the APSnet homepage, they will see the title of your paper. Readers have a lot of other opportunities to find your APSnet Feature, too. They will come to your article directly from the APSnet homepage through APS e-mail communications, from internet searches, and through referrals from web search databases like Google and Google images. Free access by scientists and the general public is an important consideration. APSnet Features are viewed at least 450,000 times a year and on average an individual APSnet Feature is viewed approximately 11,000 times.

Successful articles have come from all sectors of the membership and have highlighted emerging issues, important findings, new understandings of old problems, history, futuristic musings, and other innovative topics. They have been timely articles about things that are of interest to the public and to granting agencies. Because the format is flexible, the articles have accommodated images, graphs, and other graphics that would have been more difficult to place in other publications. Articles have been authored and coauthored by post-docs and graduate students, as well as members who have already “taken over APS” (for example, the December 2009 article on Norman Borlaug was coauthored by our current vice president, Carol Ishimaru).

Although scholarly primary research is most important to some sectors of plant pathology, as demonstrated by our successful journals, the high potential impact of APSnet Features could boost the careers of graduate students and post-docs. I have always wondered why graduates don’t use their theses and dissertations to greater advantage. After months of reviewing the literature and summarizing the state of knowledge for your thesis and dissertation, you are in the perfect position to write an APSnet Feature. Your analysis of the state of the science may be the most informed available and we all could benefit from your review.

For those of us who work for organizations that require our work to be peer reviewed, APSnet Features can cover that, too. Articles may be written for APSnet and subsequently/simultaneously submitted to Plant Health Progress (PHP) for the normal peer-review process. The publication on APSnet does not preclude the article from PHP as a “prior publication.” The APSnet submission can be written in the style of PHP to save authors’ time involved with reformatting. Once the article is published in PHP, it replaces the archived APSnet version, since the PHP version would have incorporated reviewer comments, may have had fewer images, or other potential changes. Because of the peer-review process, however, publication as an APSnet Feature does not guarantee publication in PHP. With dual publication, the article is archived in a more publicly accessible website (APSnet) in addition to the online PHP archive.

APSnet Features bring other benefits that are not readily apparent. I asked Erin Rosskopf what benefits she realized from the APSnet Feature, “Alternatives to Methyl Bromide: A Florida Perspective,” (Rosskopf, et al., June 2005). Although I knew that the article was of value to me, I was stunned by the value that Rosskopf attributed to publishing the article. The article has become a standard reference for a USDA grant program and extension scientists because in addition to being scholarly the article was permanently archived, free, and easily accessible. Growers, sent by extension scientists to the feature, have become cooperators due to this point of contact. Because of the quality of the work and the international visibility of the APSnet homepage, she and her colleagues have received international invitations to speak and collaborate. This feature also serves as a valuable synopsis of the work of her and her colleagues.

So here is your next challenge as a revolutionary. Think specific or think more general, but help keep us informed by writing about your favorite subjects. We can’t keep the APSnet homepage dynamic without you (it is a team sport). The sky and the APSnet Features editor set the limits as to what you can do. Contact the current features editor, Gary Franc ([email protected]), to discuss possible articles and, if you don’t have time to write one, at least give him your suggestions for topics and potential authors. I challenge my fellow APS members to provide enough articles so that we can have a new feature every month. And I will put my money where my mouth is. If a single revolutionary graduate student or a group of graduate students submit an APSnet Feature with only graduate students as authors before 2011 rolls around, I will donate $200 to the foundation to use for the graduate student travel fund. Let’s get going and not let that cash burn a hole in my pocket! n

Because of the quality of the work and the international visibility of the APSnet homepage, Rosskopf and her colleagues have received international invitations to speak and collaborate.

IMPORTANT APS DATES TO REMEMBER

February 20101 Annual Meeting call for papers

opens. http://meeting.apsnet.org/callpapers/default.cfm

15 Travel Award application process opens. www.apsnet.org/foundation/travelgrant.asp

March 20102 Schroth Faces of the Future in

Virology—A Look to the Future Symposium applications due.

www.apsnet.org/foundation/schroth.asp

15 2010 APS Annual Meeting abstract and poster submissions due.

http://meeting.apsnet.org

23 Student Travel Award applications due. www.apsnet.org/foundation/travelgrant.asp

Page 4: February 2010 Phytopathology News

20 Phytopathology News

WorkshopsAPS is excited to offer six workshops during the 2010 meeting. Workshops are an excellent opportu-nity to get to know other attendees in a smaller group setting, as well as to gain hands-on experience and connect with experts in a subject area of particular interest to you. This year’s workshops include:

• An Introduction to Statistics Using R (“R for Dummies”) • DNA-Based Pathogen Detection Methods: Ralstonia solanacearum, a Case Study• Meet the Geek: Creating Podcasts and Using Syndicated Content• Mentoring Up and Down the Ladder of Success• Mixed Models for Data Analysis in Plant Pathology• Scientific Writing for APS Journals

Special SessionsAs always, the APS special sessions will present the latest information on a variety of hot topics and long-standing issues in the field of plant pathology. Sessions are listed alphabetically by section. Sessions are preliminary and subject to change.

Biology of Pathogens • 10th I. E. Melhus Graduate Student Symposium: Seed Pathology—Epidemiology,

Management, and Phytosanitary Concerns• Advances in Plant Virus Evolution• Integrated Microbial Bioinformatics• Refining Systematics (Taxonomy, Nomenclature, Phylogenetics) for Better Resolution in the Population Biology and Evolution of the Oomycetes• The Sophistication of Host-Pathogen Interactions Involving Necrotrophic Fungi

Diseases of Plants• Biology and Management of Rhizoctonia Diseases in Turfgrass Systems• Cryptic Foes: Gathering the Latest Advances on Pythium• Schroth Faces of the Future in Virology• Scratching the Cuticle of Nematode Diagnostics: Where Do We Need to Go?• Virus Fishing with Chips: Plant Virus Microarrays and Next Generation Sequencing

Epidemiology/Ecology/Environmental Biology• Assuring the Safety of Fresh Produce: Issues and Strategies• Plant Disease Epidemics and Food Security in Globally Changing Agricultures and

Environments• Plant Pathogen Population Genetics: An Essential Tool for Crop Biosecurity

Molecular/Cellular Plant-Microbe Interactions• Broad-Spectrum Resistance: Molecular Mechanisms Involved in Pathogen Reception and

Resistance Signaling• More than Just Antibiotics: The Multiple Mechanisms Leading to Biological Control and Plant Growth Promotion• Nature’s Molecular Biologist: Xanthomonas and TAL Effector Function, Structure, and

Diversity• Small Molecules in Phytopathology: From Determinants of Disease to Modulators of Defense

Plant Disease Management• The 2009 Tomato and Potato Late Blight Crisis: The Interaction of the Urban Home Garden

and Commercial Agriculture—What Went Wrong and What We Learned• Biocontrol Beyond the Bench: Large-Scale, Successful Biocontrol• Creating Possibilities for Sustainable Postharvest Disease Control Through Integrated

Approaches to Both Pre- and Postharvest Fungicide Resistance Management• Edible and Medicinal Mushrooms: Diversity, Commercial Production, and Disease

Management in High-Volume Production Facilities• Identifying Quantitative Resistance Using Modern Technologies—Challenges for Plant

Breeding• Induced Resistance: Where Does This Fit in IPM Programs• Kasugamycin: The Risks and Benefits of Introducing a New Antibiotic• New Products and Services• Restoring Forest Ecosystems Impacted by Invasive Pathogens

Professionalism/Outreach• The APS Public Policy Board: New Challenges for Phytopathologists• Prepare for Your Future: Career Opportunities After Graduate School: Part 2—Extension

We’re looking forward to seeing everyone in Nashville and to another great annual meeting! The preliminary schedule, as well as full descriptions of the special sessions, workshops, and field trips, are available on the 2010 APS Annual Meeting website at http://meeting.apsnet.org. n

2010 APS Annual Meeting continued from page 17Mark Your Calendars!Annual Meeting Timeline

February 1 Call for Papers OpensMarch 15 Call for Papers ClosesLate March Registration OpensMay 3 Advanced Registration DeadlineJuly 8 Regular Registration DeadlineAugust 7–11 APS Annual Meeting in Nashville, TN

Best of 2009—The Top Nine Most-Read Papers from APS Journals OnlineDon’t miss these highly read papers published in 2009. You can read the top nine of 2009 in print or online.

9. Quantitative Distribution of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ in Citrus Plants with Citrus Huanglongbing—Phytopathology, February 2009

8. A New ‘Candidatus Liberibacter’ Species Associated with Diseases of Solanaceous Crops—Plant Disease, March 2009

7. Primary Metabolism and Plant Defense—Fuel for the Fire—MPMI, May 2009

6. Response of Sweet Orange (Citrus sinensis) to ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ Infection: Microscopy and Microarray Analyses—Phytopathology, January 2009

5. Disciplinary, Institutional, Funding, and Demographic Trends in Plant Pathology: What Does the Future Hold for the Profession?—Plant Disease, December 2009

4. Population Genetics of Fungal and Oomycete Effectors Involved in Gene-for-Gene Interactions—MPMI, April 2009

3. Cultivation of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’, ‘Ca. L. africanus’, and ‘Ca. L. americanus’ Associated with Huanglongbing—Phytopathology, May 2009

2. Fruit Rots of Pumpkin: A Serious Threat to the Pumpkin Industry—Plant Disease, August 2009

1. Emerging Concepts in Effector Biology of Plant-Associated Organisms—MPMI, February 2009

Read these top papers and hundreds more at http://apsjournals.apsnet.org. n

Page 5: February 2010 Phytopathology News

Phytopathology News 21

Second International Ascochyta Workshop Ascochyta 2009, the Second International Ascochyta Workshop, was held on the picturesque Pullman campus of Washington State University June 28 through July 2, 2009. Ascochyta spp. are a group of pathogens that cause Ascochyta blights of legume crops, especially cool-season food legumes, such as chickpea, faba bean, lentil, and pea. The workshop, with a theme of “Global Research Initiatives,” was attended by more than 70 delegates from 11 countries. More than 50 abstracts were presented at the workshop. The workshop also featured three invited speakers and dealt with subjects of pathogen biology, host resistance, molecular biology, and epidemiology. In addition, the workshop dedicated one day to disease management and a field tour, in which many local farmers and industry representatives participated. The workshop was a huge success in providing a forum for scientists to exchange information and discuss and establish future research cooperation. n

APS FoundationEarly Career Virology Funding Opportunity for NashvilleApplications for the Faces of the Future symposium awards, created through an endowment established by Milt and Nancy Schroth, are due next month. Awards will provide funds of $400 each to the selected presenters to help support their travel to the meeting. The 2010 symposium will be entitled, “Schroth Faces of the Future in Virology—A Look to the Future.” This symposium is designed to acknowledge the “up and comers” in virology. The chosen speakers will be asked to present their research in a special session in which they will have the opportunity to highlight their current work and speculate on the future directions of their discipline. In addition, the speakers will have the opportunity to submit a mini-review where they can highlight their philosophy and futuristic thinking about the direction of their discipline. We encourage nominations of scientists in the early stages of their careers (assistant professor or equivalent) that are forward thinkers and are perceived to be the future leaders in the field of virology. Speakers will be chosen by a selection committee composed of virologists and members of the Early Career Professionals Committee. The deadline for applications is 5 p.m. (PST), March 2, 2010. Applications should be submitted as a single-merged PDF document to Lyndon Porter, see www.apsnet.org/foundation/schroth.asp for details. n

2010 Art in Phytopathology Contest The APS Graduate Student Committee (GSC) is now soliciting

submissions for the 2010 Art in Phytopathology contest. All APS members are welcome to submit artwork, and graduate student participation is especially encouraged. Art in any medium is welcome.

Categories to be judged include microscopy, whole plant/nature, digitally altered, wacky/humor, crafts, and art. The GSC will present awards to the top entries at the 2010 APS Annual Meeting

in Nashville, TN ($50 for the winner in each of the six categories and an extra $50 for Best in Show). Art will be judged on five different criteria,

including creativity/originality, aesthetic value, technical merit, color/shade, and relatedness to phytopathology.

Category Descriptions1. Microscopy—SEM and other microscopy images. 2. Whole plant/nature—from the field to greenhouses and

pathogens in nature.3. Digitally altered—changes to the original image, e.g.,

changing the natural color, orientation, kaleidoscope effects, cloning images, etc.

4. Wacky/humor—plant pathogens represented in slightly less scientific ways.5. Crafts—handmade objects out of various materials representing phytopathology subjects.6. Art—paintings, drawings, sculptures, and other forms of physical art.

Rules for Entry Submissions will only be accepted in a digital format. Two‐ or three-dimensional art must be scanned or digitally photographed for online submission. Entries must be in jpeg format with a minimum of 300 dpi. All artwork must be original, related to the general theme of plant disease, and have been created by a current member of APS. Each entrant may submit up to three pieces. APS reserves the right to use, reproduce, or publish submitted artwork. A slideshow of the digital entries will be dis-

played at the 2010 APS Annual Meeting in Nashville, TN, and posted on APSnet after the meeting. Entrants should not bring artwork to the meeting.

To enter, send your artwork as an e‐mail attachment to [email protected]. Please include the following in your e-mail: full name, job title, employer’s address, title of

your artwork, permission for APS to reproduce or publish your submission, and a brief description of your artwork (including medium, dimensions, what the art depicts, etc.).

Entries must be submitted by July 1, 2009. If you have any questions, please send them [email protected]. n

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22 Phytopathology News

Bennett to Serve on PPB with Focus on Culture Collections

APS member Rick Bennett, professor and department head for the Department of Plant Pathology at the University of Arkansas (UofA), was recently selected to serve as a member of the APS Public Policy Board (PPB) to provide scientific input to the society’s officers and membership.

Among other issues, PPB supports the APS initiative to establish a viable and well-coordinated national culture collection system (the National Plant Microbial Germplasm System) that safeguards the diversity of plant-associated microbial collections and links separate, underfunded collections to a well-coordinated system and database. Bennett has been a key participant in coauthoring a strategic plan for the formation of this critical initiative to preserve and safeguard our nation’s microbial germplasm collections, presenting this plan to APS Council and PPB at

the 2009 APS Annual Meeting in Portland, OR. His special focus as a member of PPB will be to lead the board’s continuing efforts to shepherd this important initiative as it continues to take shape.

Bennett has been a member of APS since 1983, serving on numerous committees and as director of the Office of International Programs (OIP). He brings to PPB a keen interest in public policy and governmental relationships and hopes that this assignment will enhance coordination, integration, and cohesiveness among APS and federal, state, university, and other institutions.

Prior to joining the Department of Plant Pathology at UofA in March 2009, Bennett served as national program leader for plant health at the USDA Agricultural Research Service in Beltsville, MD. He received his B.S. degree from Shippensburg University in Pennsylvania, an M.S. degree from Colorado State University, and a Ph.D. degree from West Virginia University. n

Public Policy Update

Rick Bennett

National Clean Plant Network Governing Board Visits WSU

The October 22 visit of the National Clean Plant Network (NCPN) Governing Board to the Washington State University’s (WSU) Irrigated Agriculture Research and Extension Center at Prosser was hosted by Ken Eastwell, WSU Department of Plant Pathology. In addition to reviewing the production of foundation-level planting material on location, NCPN board members also visited certified grapevine and fruit tree nurseries to view firsthand the propagation of foundation material in preparation for delivery to the grower. The

newly formed NCPN grew out of special needs required to protect vegetatively propagated perennial specialty crops from devastating effects of viruses and other graft-transmissible agents. The NCPN assists in the coordinated development, distribution, and commercial utilization of pathogen-tested planting stock. This framework for this novel system to improve the protection of perennial crops against targeted pathogens was developed from a national steering committee composed of a broad base of stakeholders, including the nursery industry, the fruit grower community, the National Plant Board (NPB), state regulatory agencies, the land-grant university system, and USDA. Central to NCPN activities is the collaborative effort among three USDA agencies whose representatives constitute the core working group: APHIS for quarantine and regulatory programs, ARS for technology and germplasm issues, and NIFA for outreach and partnership initiatives. Foundation Plant Services at the University of California-Davis and the fruit tree program at WSU-Prosser were selected as the headquarters for the national grapevine and fruit tree programs, respectively. More information about the NCPN can be found at the stakeholder-driven NCPN website: http://groups.ucanr.org/ncpn. n

National Symposium Tackles Past, Present, and Future of Soybean Rust

Severe winter weather could not stop the nearly 150 attendees of the 2009 National Soybean Rust Symposium from gathering at the Astor Crowne Plaza Hotel in New Orleans, LA, December 9–11, 2009. The event, which was composed of 27

oral presentations and 30 posters, updated a mix of researchers, growers, and consultants on what happened, what was discovered, and what is coming next in the study of Asian soybean rust.

The symposium was coordinated by APS and supported with the generous help of 21 sponsor-ing organizations. Anne Dorrance, The Ohio State University, was the symposium coordinator and David Wright, Iowa Soybean Association, chaired the Technical Program Planning Committee.

“This is a celebration of accomplishment,” Dorrance told the group. “There has been a tremendous amount of research and sweat and driving hours and laboratory bench hours focused on Phakopsora pachyrhizi.”

“We’ve gone from fearing this pathogen to being confident we can manage it if it becomes a problem,” observed Wright.

Participants appreciated the chance to connect with their colleagues during the social events, which included a Bananas Foster dessert recep-tion, a Creole lunch buffet, breakfasts, and breaks. Notes from the general sessions were sent out via APS’s official Twitter page, located at http://twitter.com/plantdisease. Visitors can access the notes by viewing tweets dated from December 10–15, 2009.

The proceedings, which include PDF files of all the posters and presentations, are posted on the Plant Management Network’s Focus on Soybean resource, available online at www.plantmanagementnetwork.org/fos.

“This symposium highlighted not only the newest scientific accomplishments for soybean rust, but also the biggest holes in our knowledge base,” said Dorrance. “Successful monitoring of this disease is going to be critical to the contin-ued successful management of soybean rust as it continues to get a better foothold in the United States.” n

Anne Dorrance, Symposium organizer, welcomes attendees and briefs them on what’s to come during the three-day event.

Ken Eastwell hosts visit.

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Phytopathology News 23

The Financial Advisory Committee (FAC) and APS headquarters staff met on July 31, 2009, in Portland, OR, to review financial matters related to the operation of the society and to refine the APS strategic financial plan. FAC, headquarters staff,

and leaders of APS business centers update and revise the strategic financial plan annually to ensure that funds are available to support all activities of the society. An overall society programmatic strategic plan is in place to put forth a strategy to meet the mission and vision for the future. Council and the officers regularly analyze the external environment and make progress toward assigning responsibility for developing and executing strategies to attain the goals of the society’s strategic plan. Having a strategic financial plan helps us, as a society, provide a focus for our resources and is used as a guide for the various committees and staff to do their jobs. Strategic targets inform everyone as to what is expected from their programs several years in advance so they can build and execute strategies over several budget years. The role of FAC in this process is not to get involved in strategy building, but rather to develop financial goals, build business plans to meet those goals, and monitor progress toward each goal. FAC continually ask the difficult questions such as which programs should break even and which are expected to generate surplus to invest in

our programs and services that best benefit our members? This plan continues to work for the society, allowing us to invest in our future.

The FY09 budget from operations (excluding investments) was concluded with a surplus of $427,510. Much of this surplus resulted from a concerted effort by staff and members to minimize expenses throughout the fiscal year. Despite the success of these “cash conservation” efforts, FY09 was an extremely difficult year for investments. The APS investment portfolio, including the APS Foundation, had unrealized investment losses of $676,196. In addition, the unrealized losses on the employee pension plan resulted in an unfunded pension liability of $884,738 for the year.

The 11 income and expense categories for the society are detailed in Table 1. Our total income ($4,935,612) was derived from these sources as indicated in Figure 1, and our total operating expenses ($4,508,102) incurred during FY09 were partitioned as indicated in Figure 2. The income and expenses of the society for the most recent 16 FYs are presented in Table 2. The total assets of the society as of June 30, 2009, including restricted funds, were $6.9 million and current liabilities totaled $2.3 million. This resulted in total net assets of $3.6 million.

The society reacted immediately when the economy declined in Fall 2008. Thank you for helping the society implement the temporary cash conservation measures in FY09. These savings contributed to the positive net income from operations this year. n

One Hundred and First Annual Report of The American Phytopathological SocietyRandy Rowe, APS Treasurer, [email protected]

Table 1. Audited Summary of Income and Expenses—6/30/09 (Twelve Months)

Net Before Net After Income Expenses Overhead Overhead

Member Services $319,541 6% $637,310 14% ($317,769) ($503,612)Auxiliary Meetings 13,032 0% 13,425 0% (393) (595)Phytopathology 907,354 18% 329,186 7% 578,168 484,131 Plant Disease 777,818 16% 346,262 8% 431,556 311,789 Phyto News 11,200 0% 54,503 1% (43,303) (57,906)MPMI 692,388 14% 349,793 8% 342,595 248,672 Plant Mgmt Network 290,245 6% 261,390 6% 28,855 (117,060)Online Subs 42,743 1% 14,485 0% 28,258 22,757APS PRESS 963,187 20% 733,671 16% 229,516 72,869 Annual Meeting 816,177 17% 726,995 16% 89,182 (33,535)G & A (Overhead) 101,927 2% 1,041,082 23% (939,155) –Total $4,935,612 $4,508,102 $427,510 $427,510 Surplus (Loss) $427,510

Table 2. Comparison of The American Phytopathological Society fiscal years 1994 to 2009 before reserve allocation

Fiscal SurplusYear Income Expenses (deficit)

FY09 $4,927,271 $6,167,467 ($1,240,196)FY08 $4,734,346 $4,712,582 $21,764FY07 $4,538,077 $4,327,412 $210,665FY06 $4,289,254 $3,754,227 $535,027FY05 $3,959,027 $3,819,096 $139,931FY04 $3,963,006 $3,700,013 $262,993FY03 $3,748,845 $3,864,217 ($115,372)FY02 $4,045,587 $3,997,846 $47,741FY01 $3,952,594 $4,059,101 ($106,507)FY00 $3,649,863 $3,724,910 ($75,047)FY99 $3,662,093 $3,692,259 ($30,166)FY98 $3,589,253 $3,431,727 $157,526FY97 $3,418,515 $3,216,088 $202,427FY96 $3,198,990 $2,974,105 $224,885FY95 $3,152,468 $2,907,285 $245,183FY94 $3,062,160 $2,902,793 $159,367

Member Services14%

Phytopathology7%

Plant Disease8%

MPMI8%

PMN6%

APS PRESS17%

Annual Meeting16%

G & A24%

APS PRESS20%

Member Services7%

Phytopathology19%

Plant Disease16%

MPMI14%

PMN6%

Annual Meeting17%

G & A2%

Fig. 1. Audited Income – 6/30/09

Fig. 2. Audited Expenses – 6/30/09

Randy Rowe

Annual Report

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24 Phytopathology News

New Senior Editors for APS PRESSAPS PRESS is pleased to announce three new senior editors who will be joining the Editorial Board for terms beginning January 2010 and running through December 2012. Please seek out these or any of the other board members to discuss your ideas for book or web-based products that you would like to develop.

Caitilyn Allen, professor in the Department of Plant Pathology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, also serves as the associate department chair. She is a recognized expert on Ralstonia solanacearum, the cause of brown rot of potatoes, and has witnessed the devastating impact of this disease in developing countries in the tropics and the anxieties that it has provoked in more temperate environments. She has won awards as an educator from APS, the University of Wisconsin, and the French government. In 2005, she coedited (along with P. Prior and A. C. Hayward) the best-selling APS PRESS book Bacterial Wilt: The Disease and the Ralstonia solanacearum Species Complex. In addition to her substantial knowledge of bacterial pathogens, Allen brings to the board years of editorial experience as an associate editor for both Molecular

Plant-Microbe Interactions and Molecular Plant Pathology.

Lawrence Datnoff is professor and head of the Department of Plant Pathology and Crop Physiology at Louisiana State University. He has practiced plant pathology all over the world, including at the Universidade de Uberlandia in Brazil in 2008 and Okayama University in Japan in 2006. He was the recipient of a Fulbright scholarship in 1996 that funded his visit at the University of Cordoba in Spain. Datnoff served as the president of the APS Caribbean Division in 2009 and has organized and contributed to a number of committees, editorial boards, and annual meeting symposia for APS. He conceived and organized the First International Conference on Silicon in Agriculture and was coeditor with W. Elmer and D. Huber of the APS PRESS book Mineral Nutrition and Plant Disease.

Darin Eastburn is in the Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where he is an associate professor of plant pathology. His research focus is on the biology of soilborne pathogens and the epidemiology of the diseases they cause, particularly the influence of biotic and abiotic factors on pathogen populations and disease development. Eastburn teaches courses on subjects ranging from professionalism and ethics in the natural sciences to plant-pathogenic fungi. He has received awards for both his extension and teaching performance and in 2008 was named a teacher fellow by the National Association of Colleges and Teachers of Agriculture. His service to APS has been unfailing and multifaceted. Among his many APS activities, he has served on the editorial boards of both the APSnet Education Center

and Plant Health Progress and has been the director of the Office of Electronic Communications since 2005. He will have a special role on the APS PRESS Editorial Board as they seek to develop electronic products of great value to the membership and the other scientific and agricultural communities they serve.

The outgoing senior editors, Annemiek Schilder, Sally Miller, and Brian McSpadden-Gardener, have been tremendous assets to APS PRESS during their terms. Although their formal commitment is over, they will continue to help foster publications already under development. New authors considering publishing books or online resources should seek out past or present senior editors or the editor-in-chief, Margery Daughtrey, to discuss bringing their projects to APS PRESS. n

Take a Break, Stay in Touch, and Have Fun? Where Do You Sign Up?

Today, many people use social media, i.e., Twitter, Facebook, as their principal means of communicating socially. Why? It’s immediate and it’s easy. How about professionally? How do you connect with colleagues? Currently, nearly 600 of our members also belong

to the APS Facebook page. This page, initiated by an APS member, is a means of connecting with other plant pathologists on the topics that matter to you most, professionally: important events and deadlines, plant disease in the news, and the latest research. Recently, we chatted with APS member Michelle Moyer, Cornell University, about Facebook—why it’s important, why it’s fun, and what the APS page can offer you, whether you are a social media pro or just dipping your toe in to see what it’s all about.

Now, I understand that you were fundamental in getting a Facebook

page going for APS. Why did you think this was important?

I originally created the APS Facebook page for several reasons. First, as a

means to keep in touch with other graduate students, both those at different institutions and those who were moving on/graduating from my institution. Second, as a forum for students to ask each other questions; share information regarding fellowships, internships, and scholarships; and as a way to find potential roommates or plan get-togethers for the annual meeting. I will also say, it stemmed from a personal frustration with the navigatibility of the current APS website, which can be extremely challenging to use, especially if you are looking for application information for student travel grants. This provided an additional means to directly link to this information in case one had lost the last issue of Phytopathology News or deleted the APS e-mail update. I also thought it would be an effective tool to recruit plant pathology students to APS and to get involved with APS committees and volunteer work. On a whole, using Facebook as an additional tool for APS seemed like an appropriate way

Q:

A:

Michelle Moyer

APS 2.0

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OutreachOPRO Announces New Format for 2010 Video Contest

The APS Office of Public Relations and Outreach (OPRO) is excited to announce our yearly video contest! Through creating videos about plant pathology, we can show the general public the importance of our science and its impact on the food chain, forests, gardens, and more, in an exciting way. This year, we will include entries on other plant pathology-related categories, along with the “Dirtiest Jobs” entries. Read on if you’re interested in creating a short video on your favorite pathogen, plant pathology concept, or dirty job!

This year, the membership will vote! Entries will be posted on APSnet and the APS YouTube channel; the APS membership will then review them and cast their ballots (more details to follow). There will be one

winning entry selected from each of the three categories (listed below); winning entries from the first two categories will be submitted to Chlorofilms (www.chlorofilms.org) to be entered in their video contest, while the winning entry from the third category will be submitted to the Discovery Channel’s program, “Dirty Jobs.” Out of the three winning videos, a specific panel of judges will choose a grand prize winner to receive $500. Second- and third-place videos will receive a special APS flip video camera for future movie making!

Categories1. It’s a Microbial World After All—If you wish to create a film based on your pathogen of

choice, choose this category.2. Central Concepts of Plant Pathology—Can you make an entertaining and informative film on

a central theme or concept in plant pathology? What would you like the general public to know about these topics?

3. Dirtiest Jobs—Is what you do in the lab or the field dirty AND cool enough to be submitted as an entry for dirtiest job on the Discovery Channel?

Rules1. Open to all APS members2. Maximum file size for upload is 50 MB3. Maximum time for the video is 5 minutes4. File type must be in WMV, AVI, MOV, or MPG format5. One entry per film crew, please!6. Contest winners from 2009 are not eligible for submission until 2011

Judging Criteria The entries will be judged on the following criteria:1. Does the video educate the general public on the importance of plant pathology? Is it easy to

understand? Are layman’s terms used, or if technical terms are used, are they well defined?2. Does the video have entertainment value?3. Does the video show a “fun” side of plant pathology?4. If you are submitting to the dirtiest jobs category, does it clearly demonstrate why your particular

subject is “dirty” and why it would make a good candidate for the Dirty Jobs show on the Discovery Channel?

Other Important Items to Note1. Entries will be placed on APSnet and the APS YouTube channel to be voted on by the membership.2. Entries are due June 1, 2010, by 5 p.m.3. Submit entries at www.scientificsocieties.org/aps/videocontest or directly to Karen Deuschle ([email protected]). n

just to get the word out there, due to the basic concept of “six degrees of separation.” When used correctly, social networking can be highly effective at raising people’s awareness. Facebook itself is also extremely user-friendly. In terms of information updates, it is fast, easy to post to, and people can check it at their leisure.

Do you think it is an important tool for networking? For plant pathologists,

specifically?

Plant pathology is a highly diverse field, both in scope and distribution of

scientists. Facebook, being central and highly visible, makes it easy for our international members and international students to get updated on APS happenings. Ultimately, though, I started the page because I really enjoyed the time I have spent with my plant pathology colleagues, and with the age of the internet, there is no reason to lose touch. Besides, who doesn’t want to take a little break every now and then and watch some of The Ohio State University’s excellent “Dirtiest Jobs in Plant Pathology” video entries or scroll through pictures from the national meetings? It just shows that, while our work is important and useful, it is also a lot of fun. That is, afterall, the purpose of SOCIAL networking: having fun.

For more information on how to get connected with colleagues and APS’s social media efforts, visit www.apsnet.org/members/aps20.asp. n

Q:

A:

Student Travel Award Applications Due March 23The APS Foundation is accepting applications for its 2010 Student Travel Awards program starting Monday, February 15. Based on a competitive process, awards of $500 each will be available to APS student members giving oral or poster presentations at the 2010 APS Annual Meeting in Nashville, TN (August 7–11). Students who received an award in 2009 will not be eligible for another award until 2011.

If you are interested in applying, go to www.apsnet.org/foundation/travel beginning February 15 to access the online form. If you have any questions about this process, please contact Graduate Student Committee Chair Heather A. Olson ([email protected]). n

View last year’s winning Dirtiest Jobs in Plant Pathology video on APS’s YouTube channel at www.youtube.com/plantdisease.

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26 Phytopathology News

Joint Annual Meeting and Conference of the CPS and the APS Pacific Division The 2010 joint annual meeting and conference of the Canadian Phytopathological Society and the APS Pacific Division will be held at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, June 20–23. Call for papers and online registration opened January 4, 2010. More information on the meeting is available on the division’s website at www.apsnet.org/members/div/pacific. n

Northeastern Division 2009 Annual Meeting Russell Tweddell, APS Northeastern Division Vice President, Université Laval, [email protected]

The Northeastern Division (NED) of APS held its 69th annual meeting October 28–30, 2009, at Hotel Palace Royal in Quebec City, Canada. Russell Tweddell (Université Laval), assisted by Danny Rioux (Canadian Forest Service), Benjamin Mimee (Université Laval), Tyler Avis (Carleton University), and Gaston Laflamme (Canadian Forest Service), handled local arrangements for a meeting that hosted 70 registrants. The program began on Wednesday, October 28, with an informal discussion of applied plant pathology during the extension/industry meeting presided by Andrew Wyenandt (Rutgers University). Attendees also had the option of a tour of Old Quebec or a forest pathology tour. The evening social centered around a cocktail, music, and an exciting plant pathology Jeopardy competition, organized by Margery Daughtrey (Cornell University) and Jim LaMondia (Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station).

Division News

Northeastern Division Forest Pathology Tour participants.

The symposia on Plant Defense Mechanisms (Thursday morning) and on Breeding for Improved Disease Resistance in Plants (Friday morning) were organized by Wyenandt and Rioux. Presentations were given by invited speakers: Richard Bélanger (Université Laval)—The mechanisms of silicon-induced disease resistance; Kamal Bouarab (Université de Sherbrooke)—Elicitation and suppression of plant immunity; Armand Séguin (Canadian Forest Service)—Will the poplar-rust pathosystem become a model in molecular forest pathology?; Rioux—Structural defense mechanisms in trees: What’s new?; Stacy Bonos (Rutgers University)—Fifty years of breeding for disease resistance in turfgrasses: Where we’ve been and where we’re going; Marie-Josée Mottet (Direction de la recherche forestière, Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune)—Breeding hybrid poplar to improve resistance to Septoria musiva in Québec; and

Northeastern Division President-Elect Norman Lalancette (right) receives the American chestnut gavel from current President Jim LaMondia.

Joseph Roberts (right) receives the Graduate Student Presentation Award from Robert Marra.

George Abawi (right) receives the Award of Merit from Jim LaMondia.

Richard Bélanger (right) receives the Award of Merit from Pierre-Mathieu Charest.

Stacy Bonos (center) receives the Early Career Achievement Award from Jim LaMondia (left) and Bruce Clarke.

Philippe Tanguay (Canadian Forest Service)—Breeding strategy for improving resistance to white pine blister rust (Cronartium ribicola). Twenty-six contributed papers were presented, including nine entered into the Graduate Student Competition, which was coordinated by Robert Marra (Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station). Joseph Roberts (Rutgers University) won the Graduate Student Presentation Award with his presentation entitled Summer N-fertilization effects on annual bluegrass putting green turf.

On the evening of Thursday, October 29, the banquet was attended by 62 persons who were welcomed by APS President Barbara Christ (Penn State University) and NED President LaMondia. During the banquet, the division presented the Early Career Achievement Award to Bonos and the Award of Merit to Bélanger and George Abawi (Cornell University). At the end of the banquet, LaMondia passed the American chestnut gavel to Norman Lalancette (Rutgers University). NED officers for 2009–2010 are Lalancette, president; Tweddell, vice president; Beth Gugino (Penn State University), secretary/treasurer; Wade Elmer (Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station), division councilor; and LaMondia, immediate past president. In 2010, the NED annual meeting will be held in Northampton, MA. n

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Student Awards/Degrees

Renuka Attanayake, a Ph.D. student in the Department of Plant Pathology, Washington State University, received the second-place award for the student oral competition held during the biannual meeting of the North America Pulse Improvement

Association, October 28–30, 2009, in Fort Collins, CO. Her presentation was entitled “Variation in fungicide sensitivity and mycelial compatibility between two field populations of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum” and coauthored with Dennis Johnson, Lyndon Porter, and Weidong Chen.

Lydia Putnicki received her M.S. degree from the School of Forest Resources at the University of Washington. Her thesis was entitled “Taxonomy of powdery mildews on Rhododendron species in the Pacific Northwest” and was under the supervision of Bob Edmonds and Dean Glawe. She currently is in the Ph.D. program in the Department of Plant Pathology at Washington State University where she is doing research in the laboratory of Dennis Johnson on the epidemiology of potato diseases.

Olufemi J. Alabi successfully completed his Ph.D. degree under the direction of Naidu Rayapati in the Department of Plant Pathology, Washington State University. His thesis title is “Studies on epidemiology, molecular detection and genetic diversity

of selected viruses infecting cassava and wine grapes.” He is pursuing post-doctoral research in Rayapati’s lab.

PeopleAwards

Melodie Putnam was awarded the Oregon State University (OSU) Extended Education Faculty Achievement Award in September. This award is sponsored by the faculty senate and recognizes significant and meritorious achievement which enhances the

effectiveness of extended education by faculty who devote a significant amount of time to extended education. Putnam was cited for her vast knowledge of plant diseases and her ability to accurately assess causal agents, which has gained her considerable personal recognition and has elevated the OSU Plant Clinic from a local facility to a highly regarded regional diagnostic laboratory with unique services. Putnam was previously recognized with the Excellence in Extended Education Award from the College of Agriculture at OSU and has also received the Excellence in Extension Award from APS.

Lynda Ciuffetti was presented the Oregon State University (OSU) 2009 Beaver Champion Award (named for the OSU mascot) by OSU President Ed Ray in September in recognition of her extraordinary accomplishments in all aspects of university life. She has contributed her time and leadership for a variety of university committees, recently served the university as faculty senate president, is currently providing leadership for a large department that bridges two colleges, and has also provided exemplary service and performance as a professor of botany and plant pathology. Ciuffetti has served OSU with heart and soul and is widely respected for her numerous contributions both to her fellow faculty and staff and the students of OSU. Ciuffetti’s research and teaching has been recognized by numerous college and university awards.

Collaborations

Hina Ali, a Ph.D. student at Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, and the Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology, Faisalabad, Pakistan, is spending six months in the Department of Plant Pathology at Washington State

University in the laboratory of Weidong

Chen to complete her dissertation research. Her dissertation research is on genetics of chickpea resistance to Ascochyta blight and Fusarium wilt. Her visit is sponsored by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan and the Pakistan-U.S. Science and Technology Cooperative Program.

Abi Soares dos Anjos Marques, senior plant pathologist, EMBRAPA, National Center for Genetic Resources and Biotechnology-Cenargen, Brasilia, Brazil, is spending a one-year sabbatical in Norm Schaad’s lab, ARS Foreign Disease-Weed Science Research Unit, Ft. Detrick, MD, June 2009 through May 2010. Marques is working on the cultivation and characterization of the huanglongbing bacteria, ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’, ‘L. americanus’, and ‘L. africanus’. Her sabbatical is sponsored by EMBRAPA.

Presentations

Weidong Chen, a research plant pathologist with USDA-ARS and an adjunct professor in the Department of Plant Pathology at Washington State University, was a keynote speaker at the Ninth Biannual Symposium of Young Phytopathologists

of the Chinese Society for Plant Pathology in Zhengzhou, Henan Province, China, October 25–26, 2009. His presentation was entitled “Sclerotinia white mold of grain legumes: Biology and population genetics.” While in China, Chen also visited the Institute of Microbiology, the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing, and Huazhong Agricultural University in Wuhan, Hubei Province, where he presented seminars on Ascochyta blight and Sclerotinia white mold of grain legumes, and held four two-hour discussion sessions with graduate students.

Mark Mazzola, USDA ARS, and adjunct professor in the Department of Plant Pathology at Washington State University, was invited to present the keynote address at the Multidisciplinary Symposium on Soil Biology and Soilborne Diseases held in

Renuka Attanayake

Lydia Putnicki

Olufemi J. Alabi

Melodie Putnam

Weidong Chen

Hina Ali

Mark Mazzola

People continued on page 28

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28 Phytopathology News

Auburn University and received his Ph.D. degree in plant pathology/microbiology (1979). Stevens joined the faculty of the Department of Agricultural Sciences, George Washington Carver Experiment Station, Tuskegee University, in 1979,

where he conducted research in plant pathology and allied fields for 28 years.

Upon joining the faculty at Tuskegee University, Stevens initiated the biochemical characterization of the genus Spiroplasma. He was the first scientist to demonstrate arginine metabolism by the corn stunt spiroplasma (Spiroplasma kunkelii) (Current Microbiology 4:139, 1980; Journal of General and Applied Microbiology 29:1, 1983) and reported that spiroplasmas release arginine from peptide via arginine aminopeptidase, and proposed that arginine aminopeptidase may play a role in the pathogenicity of S. citri and S. kunkelii. In addition, Stevens established that there are 20 essential amino acids required by spiroplasmas (Journal of General and Applied Microbiology 31:499, 1985).

Stevens’ plasticulture research activities focused on technology transfer of plastic mulch systems, drip irrigation, and soil solarization through field demonstrations, workshops, and related outreach programs in partnership with the plastic industry. The plasticulture research at Tuskegee was the first to demonstrate to Alabama farmers that early watermelons, tomatoes, and okra could be produced in June instead of July. This meant that Alabama producers could be competitive with Florida growers. Stevens’ team was invited by the American Society of Plasticulture to contribute a chapter entitled “Plastic chemistry and technology as related to plasticulture in solar heating of the soil.” This chapter appeared in Soil Solarization (1991) edited by J. Katan and J. DeVay and published by CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. Stevens’ team further demonstrated that agriplastic mulch systems can be used as a means to induce foliage resistance to Alternaria leaf spot of vegetables (Proceedings of the National Agricultural Plastics Congress of the American Society for Plasticulture 24:88, 1993).

Stevens and his colleagues were the first to introduce a new postharvest therapy which is considered his magnus opus on managing postharvest diseases by inducing resistance in onions and sweet potatoes to storage rots by UV-C elicitation. He proposed a hormesis model to explain this induced resistance phenomena. These initial reports led to the establishment of national and international collaborative links with USDA ARS, ARO, and the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel. This collaboration further

Stellenbosch, Western Cape Province, South Africa, September 15–17, 2009. Mazzola’s talk was entitled “Active manipulation of native soil microbial community structure and function to suppress soilborne disease development.” In the context of this visit, Mazzola met with several graduate students for which he serves as copromoter at Stellenbosch University. He also traveled to Mooketsi in the northeast corner of South Africa, where he observed large-scale efforts to maximize the use of resident soil biology to enhance the efficiency of tomato production systems.

Hanu Pappu, chair, Department of Plant Pathology at Washington State University, was invited to visit and give a seminar in the Department of Plant Pathology at the University of California-Davis. He presented a talk on September 28, 2009, in their weekly seminar series on his ongoing research on thrips-transmitted tospoviruses, with special reference to Iris yellow spot virus epidemics in onion. Pappu met with faculty, post-doctoral fellows, and graduate students during his visit. His visit also included meetings with scientists from USDA-ARS, industry, and farm advisors from the University of California Cooperative Extension Service.

Jack Rogers, Department of Plant Pathology, Washington State University, was a keynote speaker at the Asian Mycological Congress, Taichung, Taiwan, in November 2009 where he gave the address “Whence fungal taxonomy.”

In Memory

Family, friends, and colleagues of Clauzell Stevens were saddened by his death on March 19, 2009. Stevens was born in Mobile, AL, on July 16, 1944. He received his B.S. degree in biology/chemistry (1968) and an M.S. degree in biology (1974) from Alabama State University, Montgomery, AL. He attended

demonstrated that UV-C elicited resistance to postharvest decay in apples, peaches, and tangerines.

Based on the development of this pioneering research at Tuskegee University, this new UV-C research technology is now being adapted in countries such as Italy, France, Great Britain, Belgium, Mexico, Spain, Israel, Canada, Brazil, and Turkey. Subsequently, the Cooperation in the Field of Scientific and Technical Research Action 924 (COST) Working Group convened a conference entitled “The Use of UV as a Postharvest Treatment: Status and Prospectives,” which was held at Akdeniz University in Antalya, Turkey, November 9–11, 2005.

In the tradition of George Washington Carver, Stevens made major contributions to the science of plant pathology. He also worked with the farmers of Alabama to enrich their lives through the application of his discoveries. His research philosophy can only be described in the words of Booker T. Washington: “Doing the common things in life in an uncommon manner.”

Fred Allen Gray, 70, of Laramie, WY, passed away on October 14, 2009, after a courageous battle with pancreatic cancer.

He was born August 4, 1939, in Montgomery, AL, to C. M. (Mac) and Helen (Colley) Gray.

He grew up in Prattville, AL, and graduated from Autauga High School. He was raised on a farm, which exposed him to the planting and care of forage and field crops, as well as the raising of cattle and hogs. The farm was directly across the road from an agricultural experiment station operated by Auburn University. The farm and the experiment station influenced his choice of his lifelong career in agriculture as a plant pathologist.

He served in the U.S. Army as an instructor of chemical, biological, and radiological warfare at Fort Lewis, WA. He met and married Janet Butler of Reedsport, OR. After being discharged in 1961, he attended and graduated from Troy State College (now Troy University) in Alabama. After graduation, he worked for Georgia Pacific Corp. in Coos Bay, OR. In 1967, he was hired by USDA as a research technician at Prosser, WA’s Irrigated Agricultural Research and Extension Center, which began his career in agriculture.

In 1970, he started a graduate program and was employed at the University of Arizona-Tucson. He completed his master’s degree in 1972 and his Ph.D. degree in 1975. After graduating,

Hannu Pappu (rear row, center) and members of the UC Davis Plant Pathology Department.

Jack Rogers

Clauzell Stevens

Fred Allen Gray

People continued from page 27

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Phytopathology News 29

ClassifiedsClassified Policy

You can process your job listing at www.apsnet.org/careers/jobpost.asp. Your posting will be live within three to five business days and will remain on the website for up to three months or until a listed closing date, at which point it will drop off the listing. Please note: Your online job listing will be edited by newsletter staff to a maximum of 200 words for the print listing in Phytopathology News. Fees for posting online are $25 member/$50 nonmember for graduate or post-doc positions and $200 member/$250 nonmember for all other positions. To have your job listing also included in Phytopathology News, simply select the option on the online form (there is an additional $55 fee). If you have any questions contact the APS Placement Coordinator ([email protected]).

Post-Doctoral Associate The University of Wyoming is seeking a full-time post-doctoral associate. The successful candidate will work with the scientific leaders in atmospheric ice nucleation and will have responsibilities to design, conduct, and coordinate laboratory and field experiments to detect ice-nucleating genes and other bacterial genes in atmospheric and environmental samples. Ph.D. degree (at time of hire) in molecular biology, microbiology, or related discipline; publication in peer-reviewed scientific journals; and driver’s license required. Demonstrated skills in scientific methodologies are required, including nucleic acid recovery from various substrates, nucleic acid amplification and characterization, bacterial recovery and culture, and molecular characterization of bacterial strains, including BLAST or other search modes. Experience with INA or soft rot bacteria, or sampling of microbes in air or precipitation desired. Salary: commensurate + benefits. Closing Date: February 15, 2010 (This closing date is open until the position is filled.) To apply for position #4976, submit as pdf files attached to an e-mail message: a cover letter (three-page maximum) addressing qualifications, research interests, accomplishments, and goals; graduate transcripts; CV with publications; and names/addresses (electronic/mail) of three references to Gary D. Franc ([email protected]). Contact: Gary Franc, University of Wyoming, Plant Sciences-3354, 1000 E. University Ave., Laramie, WY 82071 U.S.A. Fax: +1.307.766.5549; E-mail: [email protected]; Phone: +1.307.766.2397; Web: http://uwyo.edu.

Assistant Professor—Vector Entomology/Pathology A 12-month, tenure-accruing, 10% teaching/90% research position is available at the Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL. Ph.D. degree in entomology

or closely related discipline required. A faculty member is sought to examine relationships between microorganisms that cause citrus diseases and the insects that vector these diseases. Desired areas of expertise include molecular biology, cell biology, behavioral ecology, physiology, and/or genetics of arthropod vector-pathogen interactions as related to plant production. Tenure will accrue in the Entomology and Nematology Department. The faculty member will participate actively in undergraduate and graduate education by chairing and serving on graduate committees, supervising thesis and dissertation research, supervising undergraduate research, and publishing the results with his/her graduate students. The faculty member will actively seek extramural contract and grant funding to support his/her program. The faculty member will engage in extension activities in his or her program area. For a complete description, visit https://jobs.ufl.edu and search for requisition 0803539. Closing Date: March 1, 2010 (This closing date is open until the position is filled.) Contact: Larry Duncan, University of Florida, IFAS, Citrus Research and Education Center, 700 Experiment Station Rd, Lake Alfred, FL 33850 U.S.A. Fax: +1.863.956.4631; E-mail: [email protected]; Phone: +1.863.956.1151 x1299; Web: https://jobs.ufl.edu. Director/Scientist/Extension Specialist in Agro-Meteorology Washington State University’s (WSU) Agricultural Weather Network seeks applicants for a director/tenured faculty position (80% ag research center/20% extension in agro-meteorology), located at the WSU Irrigated Agriculture Research & Extension Center (IAREC) in Prosser, WA. Ph.D. degree in agricultural-sciences-related discipline and a minimum five years of experience in agricultural meteorology. Demonstrated record of effective and visionary leadership; supervisory and administrative experience appropriate to directorship of this statewide program; publishing in peer-reviewed journals suitable for appointment as professor/associate professor; ability to conduct effective outreach activities and interactions with client groups and stakeholders; record of successful participation on multidisciplinary teams; ability to communicate effectively; conduct quality research publishable in peer-reviewed scientific journals; secure extramural funding; conduct effective educational and field demonstration programs; and program, budget, and personnel management. Closing Date: February 28, 2010 (This closing date is open until the position is filled.) Submit letter of application addressing qualifications for the position, CV,

he was employed by Farm Seed Research in San Juan Bautista, CA. Later, he moved to Auburn, AL, as an extension plant pathologist/nematologist. In 1980, he accepted a position at the University of Wyoming, where he served as a professor of plant pathology until his retirement in 2006. During his last year with the University of Wyoming (UW), he was interim head of the Department of Plant Sciences.

During his employment at UW, he conducted a faculty exchange with a French agricultural college in Angers, France. He also served as a consulting plant pathologist for more than five years for UW and the U.S. Agency for International Development in Somalia, East Africa. He presented papers throughout the United States, as well as in Canada, Scotland, France, Czech Republic, Somalia, Kenya, and New Zealand. He also served as the faculty advisor to the national agriculture fraternity Alpha Gamma Rho, UW’s Beta Omicron chapter for 16 years. He received the Outstanding Faculty Adviser Award by the National Alpha Gamma Rho Fraternity in 1989. He was president of the Western Alfalfa Improvement Conference, served as associate editor of the journal Plant Disease, was president of the Pacific Division of APS, president of Gamma Sigma Delta’s UW chapter, and senior editor of Plant Disease. He completed two sabbatical leaves, one to the University of Arizona in 1987 and the other to Oregon State University in 2000.

He enjoyed hiking, fishing, photography, birding, traveling, and time spent on the family’s property near Woods Landing, observing the wildlife and being outdoors. He is survived by his wife, Janet, of almost 49 years; a son, Mike Gray; a daughter, Melissa Gray; and four grandchildren. n

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30 Phytopathology News

transcripts, three letters of reference explicitly addressing each qualification. For a complete position description, including responsibilities and application instructions, visit www.hrs.wsu.edu/employment/fapvacancies.aspx (search #5230). Contact: Doug Walsh, Washington State University, 24106 N. Bunn Road, Prosser, WA 99350-8694 U.S.A. Fax: +1.509.786.9370; E-mail: [email protected]; Phone: +1.509.786.9287; Web: www.hrs.wsu.edu/employment/fapvacancies.aspx. Research Molecular Biologist/Research Plant Pathologist (Research Associate) The incumbent will use next generation sequencing to identify polymorphisms in secreted peptides of the wheat leaf rust pathogen, Puccinia triticina Eriks, as a method to identify avirulence factors. Using an association mapping type approach, the incumbent will develop a panel of PCR primers and screen rust races that differ in virulence. Candidate factors will be evaluated using transient expression in leaves of wheat isolines that contain different leaf rust resistance genes. A Ph.D. degreee in plant pathology, plant molecular biology, fungal genetics or a closely related scientific discipline is required. Knowledge of bioinformatics, DNA isolation and cloning, PCR, microbial culture, and genetics are desirable. Salary: GS-0401/0434-11/12; $56,411–$67,613 per annum. Closing Date: February 28, 2010 (This closing date is not adjustable.) C.V., application materials and references. Contact: John Fellers, USDA-ARS, 4006 Throckmorton Hall, Dept. of Plant Pathology, Manhattan, KS 66506 U.S.A. Fax: +1.785.532.6167; E-mail: [email protected]; Phone: +1.785.532.2367. Web: www.afm.ars.usda.gov/divisions/hrd/hrdhomepage/vacancy/pd962.html. Post-Doctoral Research Associate A post-doctoral associate position is available in January 2010 to study the role of photosensory proteins in the biology and ecology of the plant pathogen Pseudomonas syringae, addressing the importance of light perception at the cellular, behavioral, and population levels. The work will focus on three photosensory proteins, each of which has a photosensory component fused to a histidine kinase domain. Transcriptomic and proteomic approaches will be coupled with mutational approaches to understand the impact of light and these photosensory

proteins on P. syringae cells. Initial appointment is one year (reappointment contingent upon performance). Ph.D. degree in microbiology, plant pathology, or a related area; research experience with microbiology and molecular biology; and good technical, writing, and interpersonal skills, including proficiency in oral and written English, required. Preference given to applicants with a familiarity/interest in microbial ecology, plant pathology, and/or microbial-plant interactions. Closing Date: March 17, 2010 (This closing date is open until the position is filled.) Interested applicants should send a letter indicating research interests and career goals, CV, and contact information (e-mail, telephone, and address) for three references to Gwyn Beattie ([email protected]). Contact: Gwyn Beattie, Iowa State University, Department of Plant Pathology, 207 Science I, Ames, IA 50011-3211 U.S.A. Fax: +1.515.294.6019; E-mail: [email protected]; Phone: +1.515.294.5571; Web: www.iastate.edu. Nematologist, Biological Control This is a research and development position working with Pasteuria species to develop methods for field applications of Pasteuria isolates that control nematodes of soybean and cotton. Job responsibilities include: collection and propagation of nematode species in greenhouse culture, conducting laboratory bench and greenhouse dose response experiments; and collection and propagation of Pasteuria species that parasitize the target nematode species. Responsible for quality control of Pasteuria species produced in fermentation, testing attachment and infection of Pasteuria isolates to target nematodes, identifying and training cooperators for field trials testing efficacy with different Pasteuria formulations and application techniques, and assist with EPA registration and labeling experiments to bring new products to market. Ph.D. degree in nematology/plant pathology with emphasis on nematode biological control techniques. Experience in agricultural field plot design desired. Must be skilled in microscopy and have a strong background in microbiology techniques. Closing Date: March 10, 2010 (This closing date is open until the position is filled.) Contact: Kelly Smith, Pasteuria Bioscience, 12085 Research Dr., Suite 185, Alachua, FL 32615 U.S.A. E-mail: [email protected]; Phone: +1.386.462.0008 x221; Web: www.pasteuriabio.com.

Sustainable Agriculture & Ecosystem Science The University of New Hampshire seeks out-standing applicants for seven new faculty posi-tions in the areas of sustainable agriculture and sustainable ecosystem science and management. Successful candidates will be expected to develop a strong research and teaching program in agro-ecology/forage crops; applied forest ecology; aquatic biogeochemistry; landscape ecology; plant pathology/plant-microbe interactions; soil fertility and biogeochemistry; and specialty crop improvement. Ph.D. degree in relevant field re-quired. Preference will be given to those candi-dates displaying an interest and ability in work-ing across traditional disciplinary/departmental boundaries. It is anticipated that these positions will be filled at the assistant professor level. These positions will be located within the College of Life Sciences and Agriculture (COLSA) and successful candidates will be matched with the department that best suits their interests and expertise. Information, including detailed position descriptions, are available at www.colsa.unh.edu/employment. All applicants will be required to apply online at https://jobs.usnh.edu. Review of applications will begin January 15, 2010, and will continue until the positions are filled. Application by members of all underrepre-sented groups is encouraged. Closing Date: March 4, 2010 (This closing date is open until the position is filled.) Contact: Human Resources. Web: https://jobs.usnh.edu. Professor and Chair Provides leadership, coordination, and administrative support for teaching, research, and extension programs in Gainesville, FL, and at several research and education centers statewide. Submit nominations by February 1, 2010, and applications by March 1 for full consideration. Requires Ph.D. degree, record of distinction, and effectiveness at communication and administration. More information is available at https://jobs.ufl.edu (requisition number 0803462). Salary: commensurate with qualifications and experience. Closing Date: March 1, 2010 (This closing date is open until the position is filled.) Submit letter of application, CV (including statement of current position and responsibilities), and contact information for five references. Contact: John Capinera, Entomology and Nematology, Box 110620, Natural Area Drive, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-0620 U.S.A. Fax: +1.352.392.0190; E-mail: [email protected]; Phone: +1.352.273.3905; Web: https://jobs.ufl.edu. n

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Phytopathology News 31

APS Journal ArticlesPhytopathologyFebruary 2010, Volume 100, Number 2Systemic Colonization of Potato Plants by a

Soilborne, Green Fluorescent Protein-Tagged Strain of Dickeya sp. Biovar 3.

Molecular Signature of Differential Virulence in Natural Isolates of Erwinia amylovora.

Meta-Analysis of the Effects of Triazole-Based Fungicides on Wheat Yield and Test Weight as Influenced by Fusarium Head Blight Intensity.

Role of the Host-Selective ACT-Toxin Synthesis Gene ACTTS2 Encoding an Enoyl-Reductase in Pathogenicity of the Tangerine Pathotype of Alternaria alternate.

Resistance to Fusarium Head Blight and Seedling Blight in Wheat Is Associated with Activation of a Cytochrome P450 Gene.

Variation in Competitive Ability Among Isolates of Asper gillus flavus from Different Vegetative Compati bility Groups During Maize Infection.

Nematicidal Activity of Monoterpenoids Against the Root-Knot Nematode Meloidogyne incognita.

Divergence Between Sympatric Rice- and Maize-Infecting Populations of Rhizoctonia solani AG-1 IA from Latin America.

Rapid Detection of Phytophthora ramorum and P. kernoviae by Two-Minute DNA Extraction Followed by Isothermal Amplification and Amplicon Detection by Generic Lateral Flow Device.

Breakdown of Host Resistance by Independent Evo lutionary Lineages of Beet necrotic yellow vein virus Involves a Parallel C/U Mutation in Its p25 Gene.

Plant DiseaseFebruary 2010, Volume 94, Number 2Plant-Parasitic Nematodes Attacking Olive Trees

and their Management.Pathogenicity and Management of Olpidium

bornovanus, a Root Pathogen of Melons.Evaluating the Importance of Stem Canker of

Soybean in Iowa.Establishment of the Yellow Starthistle Rust in

California: Release, Recovery, and Spread.Multiple Resistance to Meloidogyne spp. and to

Bipartite and Monopartite Begomovirus spp. in Wild Solanum (Lycopersicon) Accessions.

Geographic Distribution of Fungicide-Insensitive Sclerotinia homoeocarpa Isolates from Golf Courses in the Northeastern United States.

Spatial and Temporal Incidences of Pineapple mealybug wilt-associated viruses in Pineapple Planting Blocks.

A Nylon Membrane Bag Assay for Determination of the Effect of Chemicals on Soilborne Plant Pathogens in Soil.

Two Mutations in β-Tubulin 2 Gene Associated with Thiophanate-Methyl Resistance in Colletotrichum cereale Isolates from Creeping Bentgrass in Mississippi and Alabama.

Managing Foliar Diseases of Processing Sweet Corn in New York with Strobilurin Fungicides.

Development of Race-Specific SCAR Markers for Detection of Chinese Races CYR32 and CYR33 of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici.

Identification and Characterization of Novel Isolates of Pyrenophora tritici-repentis from Arkansas.

Evaluation of Onion Cultivars for Resistance to Enterobacter cloacae in Storage.

A Survey for ‘Candidatus Liberibacter’ Species in South Africa Confirms the Presence of Only ‘Ca. L. africanus’ in Commercial Citrus.

Control of Postharvest Gray Mold of Table Grapes in the San Joaquin Valley of California by Fungicides Applied During the Growing Season.

Effects of Surface Wetness Periods on Development of Soybean Rust Under Field Conditions.

Bean pod mottle virus Spread in Insect-Feeding-Resistant Soybean.

First Report of Meloidogyne enterolobii on Arrowroot in China.

First Report of Pilidium concavum on Paeonia suffruticosa in China.

A New Disease, Arboricola Leaf Spot of Bell Pepper, Caused by Xanthomonas arboricola.

First Report of Buxus rotundifolia Root and Collar Rot Caused by Phytophthora citrophthora in Italy.

First Report of Root Rot of Pedunculate Oak and Other Forest Tree Species Caused by Phytophthora plurivora in the Czech Republic.

First Report of Plumeria spp. Rust Caused by Coleosporium plumeriae in Louisiana and Malaysia and Catheranthus roseus, a New Host of this Rust.

First Report of Phytophthora Rot on Alders Caused by Phytophthora alni subsp. alni in Spain.

First Report of Virulence Phenotypes of Puccinia helianthi, Causal Agent of Sunflower Rust in Illinois.

Foliar Blight of Annual Vinca (Catharanthus roseus) Caused by Phytophthora tropicalis in Virginia.

First Report of Xylella fastidiosa Associated with Oleander Leaf Scorch in Louisiana.

First Report of Leaf Spot Caused by Cylindrocladium pauciramosum on Dwarf Willow Myrtle in Italy.

First Report of Apricot latent virus and Plum bark necrosis stem pitting-associated virus in Apricot from Spain.

First Report of Crown and Root Rot Caused by Binucleate Rhizoctonia AG-A on Thryptomene saxicola in Italy.

First Report of Tomato leaf curl Palampur virus on Bitter Gourd in Pakistan.

First Report of Malva vein clearing virus Naturally Occurring in Hollyhock in Germany.

First Report of Powdery Mildew Caused by Golovinomyces biocellatus on Peppermint in California.

First Report of Waitea circinata from Turfgrass in British Columbia, Canada.

Ceratocystis Canker of Bitternut Hickory Caused by Ceratocystis smalleyi in the North-Central and Northeastern United States.

First Report of Fusarium proliferatum Causing Rot of Garlic Bulbs in Spain.

Root and Crown Rot of Anthurium Caused by Calonectria ilicicola in Iran.

First Report of Monosporascus cannonballus on Watermelon in Brazil.

Pseudocercospora ixoricola Causing Leaf Spots on Ixora coccinea in Brazil.

First Report of Uromyces acuminatus on Honckenya peploides, the Endangered Seabeach Sandwort.

First Report of Powdery Mildew Caused by Podosphaera leucotricha on Callery Pear in North America.

First Report of Pyricularia grisea Causing Gray Leaf Spot on Lily in Korea.

Occurrence of Powdery Mildew Caused by Leveillula taurica on Onion (Allium cepa) in Iran.

First Report of Southern Blight of Pepper Caused by Sclerotium rolfsii in Southern Spain.

MPMIFebruary 2010, Volume 23, Number 2Arabidopsis thaliana Cells: A Model to Evaluate the

Virulence of Pectobacterium carotovorum.The P3 Protein of Turnip mosaic virus Can Alone

Induce Hypersensitive Response-Like Cell Death in Arabidopsis thaliana Carrying TuNI.

Sinorhizobium meliloti 1021 Loss-of-Function Deletion Mutation in chvI and Its Phenotypic Characteristics.

Streptomyces scabies 87-22 Contains a Coronafacic Acid-Like Biosynthetic Cluster That Contributes to Plant–Microbe Interactions.

Overexpression of a Redox-Regulated Cutinase Gene, MfCUT1, Increases Virulence of the Brown Rot Pathogen Monilinia fructicola on Prunus spp.

Ethylene Signaling Renders the Jasmonate Response of Arabidopsis Insensitive to Future Suppression by Salicylic Acid.

Pseudomonas syringae Strains Naturally Lacking the Classical P. syringae hrp/hrc Locus Are Common Leaf Colonizers Equipped with an Atypical Type III Secretion System.

Regulation of Ustilago maydis Dimorphism, Sporulation, and Pathogenic Development by a Transcription Factor with a Highly Conserved APSES Domain.

Identification and Functional Analysis of Type III Effector Proteins in Mesorhizobium loti.

Plant Management Networkwww.plantmanagementnetwork.org

Plant Health ProgressEffects of Diseases on Soybean Yield in the Top

Eight Producing Countries in 2006.Etiology of Peanut Pod Rot in Nicaragua: I. The

Effect of Pod Size, Calcium, Fungicide, and Nematicide.

Etiology of Peanut Pod Rot in Nicaragua. II. The Role of Pythium myriotylum as Defined by Applications of Gypsum and Fungicides.

Adaptation of a Phytophthora ramorum Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction Assay Based on a

Mitochondrial Gene Region for Use on the Cepheid SmartCycler.

Effect of Foliar Fungicide and Insecticide Applications on Soybean in Ohio. n

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Phytopathology NewsThe American Phytopathological Society3340 Pilot Knob RoadSt. Paul, MN 55121United States of America

Website: www.apsnet.orgE-mail: [email protected]

PERIODICALS

Calendar of Events

APS Sponsored EventsFebruary 2010 7-8 — APS Southern Division Meeting.

Orlando, FL. www.cals.ncsu.edu/plantpath/activities/societies/aps/SouthernAPS.html

March 2010 24-26 — APS Potomac Division Meeting.

Ocean City, MD. www.apsnet.org/members/div/potomac

June 20106-8 — North Central Division Meeting. Rapid City, SD. www.apsnet.org/members/div/northcentral 20-23 — APS Pacific Division Annual Meeting (in conjunction with the Canadian Phytopathological Society). Vancouver, Canada. www.apsnet.org/members/div/pacific

August 20107-11 — Nashville, TN. http://meeting.apsnet.org24-27 — APS Caribbean Division Meeting. Managua, Nicaragua. www.apsnet.org/members/div/caribbean

October 201027-29 — Northeastern Division Meeting. Northampton, MA. www.apsnet.org/members/div/northeastern/

Upcoming APS Annual MeetingsAugust 6-10, 2011 — APS/IAPPS Joint Meeting. Honolulu, HI.August 4-8, 2012 — Providence, RI. August 10-14, 2013 — Austin, TX.August 9-13, 2014 — Minneapolis, MN.

For the most current listing go to www.apsnet.org/meetings/calendar.asp.

Other Upcoming Events February 2010 28-March 3 — Global Biosecurity 2010:

Safeguarding Agriculture and the Environment. Queensland, Australia. www.crcplantbiosecurity.com.au/globalbiosecurity2010

March 2010 7-12 — Phytophthora Diseases in Forest Trees

and Natural Ecosystems—5th Meeting of the IUFRO Working Group. Rotorua, New Zealand. [email protected]

12-13 — Soybean Green Stem Symposium. Pensacola Beach, FL. http://cipm.ncsu.edu/ent/SSDW

21-26 — Plasmodesmata 2010—Seventh International Conference. Sydney, Australia. www.bio.usyd.edu.au/pd2010

22-24 — 56th Annual Soil Fungus Conference. Mt. Vernon, WA. http://soilfungus.ars.usda.gov

April 201025-29 — 16th International Reinhardsbrunn Symposium on Modern Fungicides and Antifungal Compounds. Friedrichroda, Germany. www.Reinhardsbrunn2010.uni-bonn.de

May 20103-6 — Fourth International Rusts of Forest Trees Conference. Florence, Italy. www.iufro.org/science/divisions/division-7/70000/70200/70205/activities/#c14972

25-27 — Climate Change and the Implications for Plant Protection Symposium. Guelph, Ontario. www.cropprotection.open.uoguelph.ca

30-June 4 — XV International Botrytis Symposium. Cadiz, Spain. www.xvbotrytiscadiz10.com

June 20103-4 — 3rd European Workshop on Lipid Mediators. Paris, France. http://workshop-lipid.eu

6-11 — 12th World Congress of the International Association for Plant Biotechnology. St. Louis, MO. www.IAPB2010.org

7-11 — Twelfth International Conference on Plant Pathogenic Bacteria. Saint Denis, Réunion Island, France. www.icppb2010.org

20-23 — Annual Meeting of The Canadian Phytopathological Society. Vancouver, Canada. www.cps-scp.ca/meetings.shtml

27-30 — The World Congress on Industrial Biotechnology and Bioprocessing. Washington, DC. http://bio.org/worldcongress

July 20104-9 — 6th International Workshop on Grapevine Downy and Powdery Mildew. Bordeaux, France. https://colloque.inra.fr/gdpm_2010_bordeaux

25-30 — 3rd International Symposium on Tomato Diseases. Naples, Italy. www.3istd.com

26-28 — 34th International Carrot Conference. Kennewick, WA. www.pnva.org/carrotconf

August 20101-6 — International Mycological Congress. Edinburgh, U.K. www.imc9.info

11-15 — 5th International Rice Blast Conference. Little Rock, AR. www.ars.usda.gov/irbc2010

14-18 — Phyllosphere 2010: Ninth International Symposium on the Microbiology of Aerial Plant Surfaces. Corvallis, OR. http:// oregonstate.edu/conferences/phyllosphere2010

16-18 —Symposium on Silicon in Agriculture. Viçosa City, Minas Gerais, Brazil. www.siliconagriculture.com.br

16-20 — ISHS 12th International Workshop on Fire Blight. Warsaw, Poland. www.fireblight2010.pl

31-Sept 3 — 8th International Conference on Pseudomanas syringae and Related Pathogens. Oxford, U.K. www.reading.ac.uk/Psyringae2010

September 201019-21 — Third Conference on Precision Crop Protection. Bonn, Germany. www.precision-crop-protection.uni-bonn.de

August 201325-30 — 10th International Conference of Plant Pathology. Beijing, China. www.icppbj2013.org n


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