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File Small and Medium Sized Enterprises

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  • 7/22/2019 File Small and Medium Sized Enterprises

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    2010

    [email protected]

    --

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    1

    -

    2.1 .2 - 57 .38.410.513.615.717.818.9

    :.10------- --

    20

    20

    22

    26

    27

    30

    31

    32

    33

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    35.1141.12

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    2

    --

    Economies of scale: .

    . .- :

    .1

    ..2

    !.3

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    .

    .

    . .

    . . .95%.

    . 20

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    20-50 100.1-2099.5%98.2% % 97% 95% . 39.2%

    .50%56%60%

    .43%70% .

    99.7%( 82%40

    )80% ..

    .60

    .75 10 .99%80%55% .

    .45%48%65% 98.2%100 .39.2% 58.7%99.5%100 .

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    50 99.8% 76% (

    71%) 67% 68%

    72%. 20.5% .7.5%

    : .

    ... . .

    :.1.2.3.4

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    :. (

    ))Horse power) Sphere of activity ...

    :

    : ::.1

    ..

    100 300 30 100 10 50 20 5

    20.2 500 :.3

    6.7 300 2.5 300 11.6 30200

    16 200

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    6-15-Small .1500015-50-Medium 15000-

    25000

    300500 .: :

    .1 .2 .3 .4 .5 .6 ..7 .2

    :

    2-2006---.

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    .

    ..:..

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    . . .

    . .

    . "Shock Absorber" .

    .

    . .

    .

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    : . :- .:-

    . .- .- - .-.--

    .52%--

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    . ..-- .- .- . -

    .- .

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    - .- .

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    .- .

    .-

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    .-- ( ).- .

    :.1 ..2 .

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    .3 . . .

    :

    - Diseconomies of scale .

    - Poor managerial skills .

    - 2%-3% .-

    .- .

    : .

    .

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    .

    .50:.150:.2

    50 !50 . 1-4: 5-19: 20-49: 50: : 15000:- 1500050000:-

    50000-150000:- 150000:-: 80,699 :99.5%

    :7%.12

    (. (20.5% : (.3

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    (-72.5%99.8%50 89.2%286000

    71%67% 68% .

    :

    :3.1 ..2 ..3 .26%.4

    34%

    2006.

    .5 12 2300)1995-2006( :340 .19602006 2496 2835 .339

    :.3 :-2001

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    .6 .90%.7

    .-.8 ...9

    .10.11 ...12

    :-

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    -

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    :90.5%5- .. !- 32%- .-

    67% .37%

    63.%

    .80%--

    .70%.22%-

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    97%- 99%.

    82%- :-

    60% . )/(- :

    -2650-8161.-16.022

    ::-)- .- -

    .-

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    - .- . .- .- .- .:).1 ..2 ..3 .: (.4

    .)(

    )200..5.6 .7

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    .8 Supply chain

    .9 .:

    .

    ::.1 .

    . . 1999 Japanese

    Corporation for Small and Medium-Scale Enterprises

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    -:- .-

    .30%- Credit Guarantee Corporation-

    .- .- - .-

    . . .

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    . " "(Small andMedium Enterprise Basic Law) .

    ((Small and Medium Enterprise Agency .:.2 :.-- .-.-.---- 196287$- --

    3 99.80% 12.0410.480

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    .200387%99.4%

    .52,8% .

    ... .

    ).)1960s.

    . .

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    . .))SMEs

    Knowledge-basedeconomyVenture

    businesses.).)1962

    :1961- .Small and Medium Industrial-

    Promotion Corporation1978 . .

    1975-Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Sub-contracting Promotion

    Act.. .

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    60% .1981-- . .1983-

    1000 . . :

    Export Promotion Schemes- Export Support Centers. . .(Korea Trade-Investment Promotion Agency (KOTRA

    .:- .

    . ""Technology Appraisal and Guarantee Program .

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    Technology Assessment.

    :- Korea Credit Guarantee1976Fund Credit.

    ::-- .50%-

    .5

    .39.7%1988-2004200490.385 4

    2004.1988 32.5% 12.5%14.7%15.8% %...10.84.0%9.7%:.3

    . . .- ..-

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    .-.--:.4

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    ...""Small is beautiful .. . .

    50% .17 . 65 .750

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    :80:.1 .

    50% .

    :.2 ..3

    .".5 " .

    . .

    .6 50

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    .7

    ..8 .

    . .9 .25%45%30%

    .40%:.5 . . ::.1Small Business Administration

    1953 . . .90% .20%.2

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    ..3 ..4

    .105 .:

    ... . . . .

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    6:.

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    . .12%88%

    1991:.7.

    450861998.)(45 53 .18

    . 99%50 80%. . . :.1 .50%.2 ..3

    .

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    (.4 (.

    1991.5 . .

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    10,52002 .501998.2

    20 ...3 .

    :.9 ""1976

    . "

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    """ .:.10 ..

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    .*-*-*

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    .26%.2 ..3

    ..4 . 1976

    .5

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    ().30%

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    1975

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    o .o .o

    .o .o .o :

    - . Korea Trade-Investment Promotion Agency (KOTRA).

    .o .o 50-100 .

    .13 .

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    2% %.4

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    :2009-.1-2007-:.2

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    -2008.:):(.6 ..2006:2009..7-:.8 .2005.--.9 2006.

    --.10 -2006----.11 -20062001-.12

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