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FracFocus- THE National Hydraulic Fracturing Disclosure ...7eee3e7e30c73587771b...For Indian lands,...

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  • FracFocus- THE National Hydraulic Fracturing Disclosure Registry

    TCEQ Environmental Trade Fair

    May 6, 2015

  • WHY IS HYRAULIC FRACTURING A CONTINUING ISSUE?

    •Exploration in formerly non producing areas •Severed mineral vs. surface rights •The process seems mysterious •Trade secret claims •Shortage of accurate public information •Misinformation by the media

  • Why FracFocus?

    • Growth in high volume hydraulic fracturing

    • Federal intervention into state issues (FRAC Act)

    • Desire by states to provide transparency to the public

  • PROVIDING TRANSPARENCY! – THIS TAKES AWAY

    FEAR OF THE UNKNOWN! AND

    – EMPOWERS

    PEOPLE!

    The best way to counter mis-information is by:

  • FracFocus • What is it?

    – The ONLY nationwide source of hydraulic fracturing chemical, informational and regulatory information.

    • What is its purpose? – FracFocus provides transparency through a national Web

    site that discloses hydraulic fracturing chemical data and information.

    • How did it start – Joint-partnership formed in 2010 between two state’s

    organizations: Ground Water Protection Council and Interstate Oil & Gas Compact Commission

  • What FracFocus does and does not do?

    • What FracFocus does. – Provides the ONLY national source for hydraulic fracturing chemical

    information authorized by state government agencies – Acts as the means for regulatory reporting in 20 (soon 21) states – Provides landowners with extensive information about the chemicals used in

    the hydraulic fracturing of individual wells – Notifies state government regulatory agencies when disclosures are received – Shows locations of disclosures using a Google Maps® style interface

    • What FracFocus does not do. – Act as a regulatory program – Act as a well drilling and completion reporting system – Make regulatory decisions regarding reporting parameters or trade secrets

  • HOW DOES IT WORK?

    WWW.FRACFOCUS.ORG

  • • Two parts –Public side

    • General information • Disclosure presentation

    –Disclosure submittal side • Operator inputs • Agency outputs

  • INTERACTIVE INFORMATION

  • FracFocus Elements • Hydraulic Fracturing:

    How it Works • Groundwater

    Protection • Find a Well by State • Regulations by State • Chemical Use • Frequent Questions

    • This element describes the process of hydraulic fracturing including the history of the practice, what, why and how fracturing is conducted, site development, and fluid management

  • FracFocus Elements • Hydraulic Fracturing:

    How it Works • Groundwater

    Protection • Find a Well by State • Regulations by State • Chemical Use • Frequent Questions

    • This element talks about groundwater and the methods used to protect it including water usage, well construction, groundwater quality and testing, and the physics of fluid flow in the subsurface

  • FracFocus Elements • Hydraulic Fracturing:

    How it Works • Groundwater

    Protection • Find a Well by State • Regulations by State • Chemical Use • Frequent Questions

    • This element is a map of the states that contains hot links to the oil and gas regulatory agencies and their regulations governing oil and gas exploration and production. It also includes contact information for the agency.

  • FracFocus Elements • Hydraulic Fracturing:

    How it Works • Groundwater

    Protection • Find a Well by State • Regulations by State • Chemical Use • Frequent Questions

    • This element provides the user with information about the reasons chemicals are used in hydraulic fracturing, the chemicals most commonly used, and laws regarding public disclosure of chemicals.

  • FracFocus Elements • Hydraulic Fracturing:

    How it Works • Groundwater

    Protection • Find a Well by State • Regulations by State • Chemical Use • Frequent Questions

    • This element offers answers to the most frequently asked questions concerning hydraulic fracturing. The page also contains an Ask a Question form that can be used to submit questions about the website or hydraulic fracturing.

  • Additional Features • Publications • Links

    • The website has a publications page that allows the user to see reports, studies and publications related to hydraulic fracturing and water. These include reports from the GWPC, USGS, USEPA, IOGCC Universities and others.

  • Additional Features • Publications • Links

    • The links page contains hyperlinks to government websites, technical websites and the websites of the participating companies

  • FracFocus Elements • Hydraulic Fracturing:

    How it Works • Groundwater

    Protection • Find a Well by State • Regulations by State • Chemical Use • Frequent Questions

    • This element allows the user to locate a well that has been hydraulically fractured and to see a record of the chemicals used in the fracturing process. It provides the user with multiple ways to find a well such as searches by state, county, well name, API number and operator

  • Disclosure presentation

  • Disclosure presentation

  • Click on pdf Icon to open the record

  • Future Infographics Design

  • Step 2

    Concurrent with drilling, layers of pipe called casing strings are placed in the hole. Each string of casing is cemented into the hole to prevent migration of fluids from one zone to another. Read more…..

    Constructing the Well

    Each casing string is run to a specific depth to isolate zones from succeeding drilling and completion processes.

  • Centralizers keep the casing Centered in the hole

    Cement between the casing and the hole isolates groundwater

    The horizontal leg of a well can extend for several thousand feet

    Not to scale

  • Return to Groundwater Protection: Well Construction & Groundwater Protection

  • Disclosure Submittal From FracFocus 1.0 to 3.0

  • • Developed in 4 months • Data entry via Excel spreadsheet • Converted to pdf’s • Only header data (Operator, location TVD

    etc…) captured in database • Maintained on individual PC’s • Limited data validation

    FracFocus 1.0

  • • Initially, chemical data entry into the registry by the oil and gas companies was voluntary, but in the first year of operation, several states adopted regulations requiring data on the chemicals used in frac fluids to be disclosed – Many of those states specifically referenced FracFocus

    as the mechanism for submitting those data • The number of wells for which chemical

    information was entered grew quickly – By the end of 2012, data had been entered on more

    than 34,000 wells, representing 342 companies

    FracFocus 1.0

  • FracFocus 2.0 • FracFocus 1.0 was developed to fill an important

    gap in public disclosure information – The programming and system design were done in a

    way that allowed FracFocus 1.0 to get underway quickly in early 2011

    • As the volume of information entered into the system grew, industry, GWPC, and IOGCC realized that a more efficient data management system was needed – This led to the development of FracFocus 2.0 during

    2012 and early 2013

  • 2.0 Server Side Data Management • Removed Distributed

    Excel File Issues • Centralized Data • Single Standardized

    Software Application • Consistent

    Disclosure Presentation

    • Operator’s Manage and Create Disclosures

    • Service Company Uploads to Operators

    • Agents Approved to Manage Data

    • Agencies Allowed to Review & Request Compliance Information

  • Created New User Categories

  • The FracFocus 2.0 Disclosure Submission System

  • • Service company creates xml and sends to operator via e-mail

    • Service company creates xml and uploads directly to operator queue

    • Operator or registered agent creates xml using pre-loaded forms

    Three ways to generate FracFocus 2.0 files

  • FracFocus 2.0 Data Entry Forms

  • E&P Operator: View Disclosure Details Click Edit Disclosure From Pending List: Visibly review entered or uploaded Data, Map of Well Spot, Access Edit Options

  • FracFocus 2.0 Generated PDF: Example

  • • State and county auto-filled from API number • Coordinates checked to be within county boundaries • Warnings for

    – Invalid CAS #’s – Fluid % not within range – Bad county numbers by state code

    • Errors for – Invalid coordinate ranges – No entries in Base water or Base non-water volumes – No entry in TVD – No purpose listed – No supplier listed

    FracFocus 2.0 Validation Checks

  • FracFocus 3.0 1. Independent reviews and suggestions 2. Public input on system functionality 3. FracFocus systems and security audit 4. Secretary of Energy Advisory Board

    recommendations

  • FracFocus 3.0 1. Improvements to the accuracy of well data

    disclosed on FracFocus 2. Establishment of a policy for data custody,

    management, security, and retention 3. State validation of compliance 4. Upgrades to the website to be a more usable

    and interactive database 5. BLM requirements

  • Improvements to the accuracy of well data disclosed on FracFocus

    Six step validation process to improve data quality and accuracy

  • Data quality – step 1 CAS number validation Require valid CAS# Format

    Error: Invalid CAS#

  • Data quality – Step 2 chemical name suggestion

  • Data quality – step 3 Trade Secret, Proprietary, CBI -Drop down boxes ensure digital

    data is submitted - Contact information is required for any ingredient marked as Trade Secret, Proprietary , CBI …

  • Data quality: step 4 water volume

    Improve the quality of base water volume reporting by issuing a warning if Total Water Volume (gal) exceeds 15 million gallons.

  • Data quality- step 5 maximum ingredient concentration in HF fluid

    -If the sum of ingredient concentration in HF fluid is not within 3% of a 100% a warning is issued.

  • Data quality - step 6

    -Multiple disclosures with same API number & job start/end date -Changing the current error to a warning when attempting to submit multiple disclosures with the same API number and job date. -This is only a warning because it is possible to submit multiple disclosures with the same API number and start/end date

  • Reducing trade secret claims: The systems approach

  • Trade Name, Supplier & Purpose

    Ingredients with CAS #s

    Systems Approach

  • Establishment of a policy for data custody, management, security, and retention • FracFocus is being updated to comply with

    current versions of software • Penetration testing has been preformed and

    an extra layer of security has been installed to prevent malicious internet attacks

    • Google analytics has been added to help manage the web site and internet traffic

  • FracFocus amended and original record retention policy

    • All records, originals and amended, are permanently stored in the FracFocus database (does not include all FracFocus 1.0 records)

    • FracFocus 3.0 has a redundant backup system to ensure that all records are retained

    • All current records will be available in digital format for download from FracFocus by May 2015 – Limitations:

    • FracFocus 1.0 records have header data only • Records from June 1, 2013 on have chemical data • FracFocus cannot warrant the accuracy of records because we are

    not allowed to review and modify records submitted under regulatory requirements

  • Record retention and amendments

    Requiring Operators to fill out a text field explaining the reasoning behind amending a record.

  • State validation of compliance • Under FracFocus 2.0 states had the ability to

    download data to check compliance • FracFocus – RBDMS: automatic sync and

    report generation

  • RBDMS report form to check for chemical filing compliance

  • RBDMS – chemical disclosure report Disclosure date

    HF start/end date

  • Upgrades to the website to be a more usable and interactive database

    • Digital downloading of data • Connections with the National Oil and Gas

    Gateway • Additional search capability

  • New online search capability New features allow searches by

    – Date HF job performed – Date chemical disclosure submitted – Google style chemical search capability

  • Search Features Under Development

    Additional search criteria 1. Ingredient: purpose, supplier, trade

    name… 2. Advanced GIS and/or map based

    searches

  • BLM Requirements The Bureau of Land Management would like to be able to differentiate between wells on federal and Indian lands. FracFocus will be adding an additional checkboxes for compliance with the BLM rule. Additional XML element(s) will also be added to account for this change. If users select the Federal or Indian well’s checkbox an additional popup box will be displayed requiring the user to certify compliance with BLM requirements.

  • BLM Certification • Per the Final Hydraulic Fracturing Rule on Federal and Indian Lands (FR Vol. XX, No.

    XXX / XXXday, March XX, 2015), §3162.3-3 (i) (8) the operator must certify that: • i. The operator complied with the requirements in §3162.3-3, paragraphs (b),

    (e), (f), (g), and (h) of the section; • • ii. For Federal lands, the hydraulic fracturing fluid constituents, once they

    arrived on the lease, complied with all applicable permitting and notice requirements as well as all applicable Federal, State, and local laws, rules, and regulations; and

    • • iii. For Indian lands, the hydraulic fracturing fluid constituents, once they arrived

    on the lease, complied with all applicable permitting and notice requirements as well as all applicable Federal and tribal laws, rules, and regulations.

  • Company Growth By Month

    37

    1182

    869

    0

    200

    400

    600

    800

    1000

    1200

    1400

    Participating Companies

    Reporting Companies

  • Disclosures Reported By Period

    1135

    95,229

    0

    10000

    20000

    30000

    40000

    50000

    60000

    70000

    80000

    90000

    100000 Da

    te

    4/25

    /11

    5/23

    /11

    6/27

    /11

    7/25

    /11

    8/22

    /11

    9/26

    /11

    10/1

    7/11

    11/2

    8/11

    12/2

    5/11

    1/19

    /12

    2/21

    /12

    3/28

    /12

    4/30

    /12

    5/24

    /12

    7/5/

    12

    7/27

    /12

    8/27

    /12

    9/17

    /12

    11/5

    /12

    11/2

    0/12

    12/2

    1/12

    2/4/

    13

    2/27

    /13

    3/29

    /13

    4/19

    /13

    5/17

    /13

    6/12

    /13

    7/24

    /13

    8/22

    /13

    10/2

    1/13

    1/2/

    14

    2/7/

    14

    3/18

    /14

    5/6/

    14

    7/21

    /14

    10/3

    1/14

    1/12

    /15

    3/16

    /15

  • Disclosures Reported By State*

    125 76 2564 2187

    9034

    1 549 592

    1,568 18 66

    517 3 4 2,567

    7,044 905 7148

    5045

    44574 3486 123 1006

    3011

    1 10 100 1000 10000 100000

    State Alabama

    Alaska Arizona

    Arkansas California Colorado

    Florida Idaho

    Illinois Indiana Kansas

    Kentucky Louisiana Michigan

    Mississippi Missouri

    Montana Nebraska

    Nevada New Mexico

    New York North Carolina

    North Dakota Ohio

    Oklahoma Oregon

    Pennsylvania South Dakota

    Tennessee Texas Utah

    Virginia West Virginia

    Wyoming

    *Total disclosures does not equal total wells due to wells with multiple disclosures.

    24 States

  • States Using FracFocus Montana North Dakota South Dakota Colorado Utah Oklahoma Texas Louisiana Mississippi Ohio Pennsylvania Alaska West Virginia Kansas Alabama Nebraska Tennessee Nevada North Carolina Kentucky (7/2015) California (Until 2016)

    States Considering FracFocus Florida Virginia Michigan Idaho New York Illinois

  • MIKE NICKOLAUS, GWPC [email protected]

    Ground Water Protection Council

    FracFocus- THE National Hydraulic Fracturing Disclosure Registry WHY IS HYRAULIC FRACTURING� A CONTINUING ISSUE?Slide Number 3Why FracFocus?Slide Number 5FracFocusWhat FracFocus does and does not do?Slide Number 8Slide Number 9Slide Number 10FracFocus ElementsFracFocus ElementsFracFocus ElementsFracFocus ElementsFracFocus ElementsAdditional FeaturesAdditional FeaturesFracFocus ElementsDisclosure presentationSlide Number 20Disclosure presentationSlide Number 22Slide Number 23Slide Number 24Slide Number 25Slide Number 26Slide Number 27Slide Number 28Slide Number 29Slide Number 30FracFocus 1.0FracFocus 1.0FracFocus 2.0Slide Number 34Slide Number 35The FracFocus 2.0 Disclosure Submission SystemThree ways to generate FracFocus 2.0 filesSlide Number 38Slide Number 39Slide Number 40FracFocus 2.0 Validation ChecksFracFocus 3.0FracFocus 3.0Improvements to the accuracy of well data disclosed on FracFocus�Data quality – step 1 �CAS number validation�Data quality – Step 2�chemical name suggestion �Data quality – step 3�Trade Secret, Proprietary, CBI�Data quality: step 4�water volume� Data quality- step 5�maximum ingredient concentration in HF fluid �Data quality - step 6�Reducing trade secret claims: The systems approach��Slide Number 52Establishment of a policy for data custody, management, security, and retention�FracFocus amended and original record retention policyRecord retention and amendments�State validation of compliance�RBDMS report form to check for chemical filing complianceRBDMS – chemical disclosure reportUpgrades to the website to be a more usable and interactive databaseNew online search capability �Search Features Under DevelopmentBLM Requirements�BLM CertificationSlide Number 64Slide Number 65Slide Number 66Slide Number 67Mike Nickolaus, GWPC�[email protected]

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FracFocus- THE National Hydraulic Fracturing Disclosure Registry TCEQ Environmental Trade Fair May 6, 2015
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