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Fssa Shape 2005

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    Proteccin Contra

    Incendio de RiesgosEspeciales con

    Agentes LimpiosPresentado por:Wermer Mora

    IBAMATIC S.A.

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    Riesgos Especiales

    Definicin:1. Cualquier rea proceso

    conteniendo equipos de altovalor.

    2. Cualquier rea conteniendo

    bienes nicos irremplazables(museos, galerias de arte,almacn de cintas).

    3. Cualquier rea proceso dondelas perdidas producidas por unincendio son muchos ms

    grandes que el equipo mismo.

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    Sistemas de Supresin

    Extincin con AgentesLimpios:Definicin:

    1. Un sistema en el cual elagente extintor no causa

    daos adicionales a los

    causados por el incendio

    mismo. Los daos

    incluyen: daos al bienprotegido, daos a las

    personas, daos al

    ambiente.

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    Objetivos de los Sistemas

    de Protecin:Seguridad: Ocupantes, Rescatistas, alrededores.

    Control de Daos: Edificio, equipos, datos

    Negocio, operaciones, inversin.

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    Riegos Especiales

    Bienes de Alto valor:

    Areas donde el agua

    no es apropiada

    como el primero y

    nico medio de

    proteccin.

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    Riesgos Especiales:

    HECHOS: Rociadores salvan vidas.HECHOS: Rociadores son parteesencial de un sistema de proteccincontra incendios en edificios.

    HECHOS: Rociadores protegenESTRUCTURAS NO EL CONTENIDO

    HECHOS: Rociadores cumplen

    requerimientos mnimos de cdigosy/o normas.

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    Riesgos Especiales:

    Riesgos de una proteccin no

    adecuada:

    Prdida de Tiempo.

    Cierre del edificio.

    Consumo de cobertura de

    seguro.

    Responsabilidades Legales.

    Daos a las personas.

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    Riesgos Especiales:

    Procesamiento de Datos: Salas y pisos falsos.

    Almacn de cintas.

    Unidades dealmacenamientorobotizadas.

    Telecomunicaciones: Equipos de conmutacin.

    Celdas de Tx / Rx.

    Cuartos de Bateras.

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    Riesgos Especiales:

    Medicina: Tomogrfia, RX, equipos de

    electromedicina.

    Almacn de Data / Computos.

    Edificios Culturales /Histricos:

    Bibliotecas.

    Museos.

    Galerias de Artes.

    Bvedas.

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    Riesgos Especiales:

    Aplicaciones Industriales: Salas de Control de Procesos.

    Salas de Control de Motores.

    Almacenes de LiquidosInflamables.

    Aplicaciones Especiales: Dentro de Gabinetes (micro

    espacios).

    Maquinas de Control Numricos(CNC).

    Vehiculos Especiales (Mineria).

    Chimeneas ductos deventilacin.

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    Sistemas de Proteccin

    para Riesfos Especiales:Tipos de Sistemas: Espumas / Agentes

    Quimicos Naturales.

    CO2

    PQS

    Agua Pulverizada

    Agentes Limpios.

    Aerosoles. Electromagnetismo.

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    Sistemas de Espuma:

    Cmo trabajan? Separan el combustible del

    oxigeno.Creando una barrera fsica.

    Enfriando el combustible.

    Ahogando los vaporesinflamables.

    Para fuegos en 2D,

    fundamentalmente liquidosinflamables.

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    Sistemas de Espuma:

    Tipos de Espuma: Proteinica.

    Fluroproteinica.

    AFFF (Aqueous film forming

    foamEspuma que formapelicula acuosa)

    Aplicaciones: Aeropuertos, Refinerias,

    Manufactura, Almacn deInflamables, etc

    Liquidos Inflamables.

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    Sistemas de Dioxido de

    Carbono

    CO2:El primer sistema gaseoso desupresin:

    Usado desde 1910.

    Rpida descarga y extincin. No deja residuos.

    No daa componenteselectrnicos.

    Daio para la personas en lasconcentraciones de aplicacin.

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    Sistemas de CO2:Aplicaciones:

    Recomendados en reas no ocupadas

    de personas.

    Commente usado en Aplicacin Local

    Local Applications

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    Sistemas de CO2:

    Algunos tipos: Inundacin total (Total

    flooding)

    Cilindros de Alta Presin.Cilindros de Baja Presin, en

    tanques refrigerados.

    Aplicacin Local.

    Carretes de Mangueras. Extintores porttiles.

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    Sistemas de Polvo Qumico

    Seco.Idneo para aplicaciones industriales: Cubre la superficie del material combustible.

    Separa el combustible del oxigeno.

    Reduces las probabilidad de reinicio (re-

    flash).

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    Sistemas de Polvo Qumico

    Seco:Aplicaciones: Almacn de Liquidos Inflambles.

    Tanques de almacenamiento.

    Cuartos Mecanicos.

    Ductos de Alivio.

    Equipos de Pintura.

    Coating equipment

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    Water Mist Systems

    Water based technology in special

    hazards fire protection

    Fine water droplets turn to steam

    Increases in volume 1,760 times Extinguishes by

    heat absorption

    and localized

    oxygen

    displacement

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    Water Mist Systems

    Applications

    Turbine hoods

    Flammable liquid storage

    Machinery rooms

    Incinerator installations

    Emergency generator rooms

    Switch gear rooms

    Engine rooms

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    Clean Agent Systems

    Waterless technology - objectives

    Detect and suppress fires rapidly

    No additional damage to equipment

    Eliminate down time for unaffected

    equipment

    Environmentally friendly

    Require no clean-up Safe for Personnel

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    Clean Agent Systems

    History LessonHalon was the standard fo r Clean Agent FireSuppression

    US EPA banned p rodu ct ion of NEW Halonsas o f 12-31-93

    US EPA Developed SNAP LIST

    (Signi f ic ant New A lternat ives Pol ic y)

    21 Agents/Compounds approvedSix Agents cu rrent ly available in US

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    Halons

    Halon 1211 and 1301 were highly

    successful suppression agents

    Fast suppression

    Minimal damage Br and Cl are ozone depleting

    Production banned by EPA

    Only available in recycled form Limited supply

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    US EPA - SNAP

    Significant New Alternatives Program Program evaluates new suppression agents

    Human health considerations

    Environmental considerationsApproved agents:

    Have similar suppression qualities as Halon

    Non-ozone depleting

    Not harmful to people

    Not harmful to the protected space

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    NFPA 2001

    Standard on Clean Agent

    Extinguishing Systems

    Revised in 2004

    Safety

    Components

    System Design

    Inspection Testing

    Maintenance

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    The Next Generation

    Clean agents for the 21st Century

    Fluorine based agents

    Chlorine and Bromine generally avoided

    Zero ozone depletion potentialHeat absorption mechanism

    Inert gas agents

    Various combinations of naturally

    occurring inert gases (N2, Ar, CO2)

    Oxygen reduction mechanism

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    NFPA 2001 listed agents (abb)

    NFPA designation

    (ASRAE)

    Common Tradenames

    Type of agent

    HFC-227ea FM-200; FE-227 HFC

    HFC-125 FE-25 HFC

    HFC-23 FE-13 HFC

    FK-5-1-12 Novec 1230 Flouro-Ketone

    IG-541 Inergen Inert Gas

    IG-55 Argonite Inert Gas

    IG-01 Argon Inert Gas

    IG-100 Nitro gen Inert Gas

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Association

    www.FSSA.netShaping the future of fire protection

    NFPA 2001 listed agents

    Fluorine based agents

    Suitable for class A, B, C hazards

    Primary mechanism is removal ofheat (NOT oxygen depletion)

    Design concentrations: 4%-9% v/v

    Safe for occupied areas Zero ozone depletion potential

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Associationwww.FSSA.net

    Shaping the future of fire protection

    HFC-227ea (CF3CHFCF3)

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Associationwww.FSSA.net

    Shaping the future of fire protection

    HFC-227ea

    Manufactured by Great Lakes

    Chemical Corporation as FM-200

    Manufactured by DuPont as FE-227

    Available from ALL SystemManufacturers

    Extensive availability

    The most widely used halon alternativeto date

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Associationwww.FSSA.net

    Shaping the future of fire protection

    HFC-125 (CHF2CF3)

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Associationwww.FSSA.net

    Shaping the future of fire protection

    HFC-125

    Manufactured by DuPont as FE-25

    Similar thermodynamic characteristics

    as halon 1301

    Suitable Agent for retro-fit of existingHalon Systems due to flow

    characteristics

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Associationwww.FSSA.net Shaping the future of fire protection

    HFC-23 (CHF3)

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Associationwww.FSSA.net Shaping the future of fire protection

    HFC-23

    Manufactured by DuPont as FE-13

    Niche market halon alternative

    Particularly applicable for cold

    temperatures and high ceilings No nitrogen super-pressurization

    High vapor pressure, stored in

    seamless (CO2type) cylinders

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Associationwww.FSSA.net Shaping the future of fire protection

    FK-5-1-12 (CF3CF2C(O)CF(CF3)2

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Associationwww.FSSA.net Shaping the future of fire protection

    FK-5-1-12

    Manufactured by 3M as

    Novec 1230 Fire Protection Fluid

    Newest of the halon alternatives

    Stored as a liquid at roomtemperature

    Zero ODP and minimal, (5 Day)

    atmospheric lifetime

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Associationwww.FSSA.net Shaping the future of fire protection

    NFPA 2001 listed agents

    Inert gas based agents

    Blend of N2and Ar (some CO2)

    Suitable for class A, B, C hazards

    Primary mechanism is oxygen depletion

    Safe for occupied areas

    Zero ozone depletion

    Design concentrations: 35%-40% v/v

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Associationwww.FSSA.net Shaping the future of fire protection

    IG-541

    Offered by Ansul (Inergen) Nitrogen/Argon/CO2{proprietary}

    mixture

    50% Ar, 42% N2, 8% CO

    2 CO2promotes increased

    breathing rates in lower O2atmosphere

    Stored in seamless cylinders Long piping lengths possible

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Associationwww.FSSA.net Shaping the future of fire protection

    IG-55

    Offered by Kidde-Fenwal andChemetron companies as

    Argonite

    Argon, nitrogen mixture (50-50)

    Similar characteristics and

    delivery as Inergen

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Associationwww.FSSA.net Shaping the future of fire protection

    Control Systems

    The system nerve centermonitors and regulates:

    Sensitivity levels

    Event sequencing Time delays

    Initial and secondary alarms

    Equipment Shutdown

    Discharge of suppression agent

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Associationwww.FSSA.net Shaping the future of fire protection

    Control Systems

    Conventional control systems Features

    Alarm and suppression control

    Supervised detectionManual release

    Abort

    Agent releaseMinimal programming

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Associationwww.FSSA.net Shaping the future of fire protection

    Control Systems

    Intelligent Control Systems

    Features

    Network addressable devices

    Full analog reporting from smoke detectorsProgramming capability

    Alarm verification

    Password protected software

    Event history buffers

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Associationwww.FSSA.net Shaping the future of fire protection

    Detection Systems

    First defense to minimize damage

    Conventional smoke detection

    Addressable Smoke Detection

    Air sampling smoke detection

    Heat detection

    Flame detection

    Optical detection

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Associationwww.FSSA.net Shaping the future of fire protection

    Detection Systems

    Photoelectric & Ionization

    Technology

    Sense the environment around them

    Available with all control panels

    Reduce false alarms

    Decreased maintenance Increased performance

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Associationwww.FSSA.net Shaping the future of fire protection

    Detection Systems

    Air Sampling Detection

    Up to 1,000 times more

    sensitive than traditional

    detectors Aspirating Fan draws air and

    analyzes for combustion

    products

    Excellent option when early

    warning is critical

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Associationwww.FSSA.net Shaping the future of fire protection

    Detection Systems

    Flame Detection

    UV/IR sensors

    Fast response

    Ideal for flammable

    liquids and gases

    Virtually no falsealarms

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Associationwww.FSSA.net Shaping the future of fire protection

    Why Clean Agents?

    Save lives Rapid detection

    Rapid extinguishment

    Minimize property damage Eliminate damage from corrosion

    Eliminate down time due to clean up

    Safe for people

    Safe for the environment

    Protect irreplaceable assets

    FSSA Fi S i

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Associationwww.FSSA.net Shaping the future of fire protection

    FSSA Fire SuppressionSystems Association

    The top Designers, Installers andManufacturers of special hazardsfire suppression systems

    Ensuring professionalism through

    education Active in code and standard

    development

    Supports NICETcertification

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    Fire Suppression

    Systems Associationwww.FSSA.net Shaping the future of fire protection

    For more information

    Fire Suppression Systems Associationwww.fssa.net

    Society of Fire Protection Engineerswww.sfpe.org

    National Fire Protection Agency

    www.nfpa.org

    The

    http://www.fssa.net/http://www.sfpe.org/http://www.nfpa.org/http://www.nfpa.org/http://www.sfpe.org/http://www.fssa.net/
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    Fire Suppression

    Fire Suppression

    Systems Associationand

    S.H .A.P.E.Thank You

    The


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