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G S O - ASIDCOM · 2011-02-22 · G S O GCC Standardization Organization GSO: Activities •...

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  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S O

    The Role of The Role of GSOGSO

    on “on “HalalHalal” Food Products” Food Products

    GCC Standardization OrganizationG S O

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    on “on “HalalHalal” Food Products” Food Products

    Dr. Sufyan Al-Irhayim

    GCC Standardization Organization

    (GSO)

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S O

    ContentsContents

    • Introduction

    • About the GSO

    • Standards Development and Management

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    • Standards Development and Management

    • GSO Standards for Halal Food

    – Labeling of Prepackaged Foods

    – Animal Slaughtering according to Islamic Law

    – Halal Food: General Requirements

    • A Final Note

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S O

    IntroductionIntroduction• GSO is a regional organization

    • Serves mainly the GCC countries and Yemen– Serves the industries by providing market avenues and

    increase competitiveness in international markets

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    – Serves the industries by providing market avenues and increase competitiveness in international markets

    – Maintaining safety, public health and consumer protection

    – Preserving the public interest (religious, cultural, national security, . . . etc)

    – Safeguard the overall economy of the GCC countries by avoiding poor quality products

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S O

    GSO

    Develop Standards

    Foster Intra-GCC Trade

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    Foster Intra-GCC Trade

    Strengthens GCC Customs

    Union

    Conformance to WTO/TBT/SPS

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S O

    GSO: BackgroundGSO: Background

    • A regional organization established under the

    umbrella of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)

    • Supplanted the Gulf Standards and Metrology

    Organization (1984-2003)

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    Organization (1984-2003)

    • Has an administrative and financial autonomy

    • Began operation in May 2004

    • Headquarters: Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S O

    MembershipMembershipThe governments of:

    • The State of the United Arab Emirates

    • The Kingdom of Bahrain

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    • The Kingdom of Bahrain

    • The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    • The Sultanate of Oman

    • The State of Qatar

    • The State of Kuwait

    • The Republic of Yemen

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S O

    ActivitiesActivitiesSimilar to other standards organizations,

    the GSO activities include:

    • Adopt, develop, maintain, revise, and withdraw GCC Standards and Technical Regulations

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    Standards and Technical Regulations

    • Formulation of GCC Conformity Assessment Procedures, legal and industrial Metrology, Quality and other related standardization activities.

    • Participate in the adoption, development, maintenance, revision, and withdrawal of International Standards

    • Adopt, develop, maintain, revise, and withdraw policies and procedures.

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S O

    GSO: ActivitiesGSO: Activities

    • Prepare, publish and update the Gulf standards and

    technical regulations

    • Development of systems and procedures to verify the

    unified regional compliance, legal and industrial

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    unified regional compliance, legal and industrial

    metrology, quality systems and accreditation systems

    • Raising awareness and self-capacity building

    • Facilitate the intra- and inter-GCC trade and the removal

    of technical barriers to trade

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S O

    GSO: ActivitiesGSO: Activities

    • Working towards customs union among the GCC

    countries

    • Achieve compatibility and harmony between Gulf

    standards with the best international practices of

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    standards with the best international practices of

    standardization

    • Support for the GCC industry

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S O

    GSO: Organizational StructureGSO: Organizational Structure

    Board of Directors

    Technical Council

    General Secretariat

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    General Secretariat

    Steering Committees

    Technical CommitteesTechnical Committees

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S O

    Standards Development & ManagementStandards Development & Management

    GSO Standards and Technical Regulations :

    • are based on the requirements of health, safety, performance, environment and consumer protection

    • meet the requirements of industry, import, export, public

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    • meet the requirements of industry, import, export, public procurement and international trade

    • meet the requirements of TBT&SPS agreements (during the processes of drafting, implementing and adoption)

    • can be adopted of International Standards in their original language

    • are prepared by Technical Committees

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S O

    Standards Development (Standards Development (Cont.Cont.))

    Standards development is guided by the following :

    • No National standard is developed if there is an identical draft GSO standard in existence

    • GSO Standards to be developed should not create trade

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    • GSO Standards to be developed should not create trade barriers

    • In most cases, the Gulf standards are prepared through a direct adoption of International, Regional, or National standards

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S O

    “Food & Agriculture Sector” Standards“Food & Agriculture Sector” Standards

    • There are 885 GSO

    Standards and technical

    regulations (about 17% of

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    regulations (about 17% of

    the total number of

    Standards are technical

    regulations)

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S O

    ““HalalHalal” Scope” Scope• “Halal” is an Arabic word meaning lawful or permitted.

    • The opposite of Halal is Haram, which means unlawful or prohibited.

    • Halal and Haram are universal terms that apply to all facets

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    • Halal and Haram are universal terms that apply to all facets of life.

    • However; for standards purposes, scope is

    limited to food products, meat products,

    cosmetics, personal care products, food

    ingredients, and food contact materials

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S O

    Food and FoodstuffFood and Foodstuff• Food is any matter that is eatable or as a source of

    nutrition (including drinking liquids)

    • Foodstuff is any manufactured, semi-manufactured or not-manufactured substance prepared for direct human consumption or used in manufacturing or

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    or not-manufactured substance prepared for direct human consumption or used in manufacturing or preparation or treatment of any other foodstuff.

    • Food is divided into 3 categories:– food from any animal origin,

    – food from non-animal origin, and

    – beverages

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S O

    Halal FoodHalal Food

    • Animals that only live in water: These are all considered

    basically permissible

    • Animals living on land: It is considered basically permitted

    eatable unless forbidden by a juristic bar

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    eatable unless forbidden by a juristic bar

    – Islam has indicated rules for the slaughtering and capturing of

    animals

    • Plants are the objects of a consensus among Muslim

    scholars on their permissive character unless showing

    impurity or harm (opiate or poison).

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S O

    Gulf Standards for Gulf Standards for HalalHalal

    • GSO formed a Working group for Halal Foods standards and technical regulations within its technical committee for food and agricultural products standards

    • Its first Technical Regulation stipulated that labeling of

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    • Its first Technical Regulation stipulated that labeling of prepackaged foods shall comply with the Islamic law

    • GSO Board of Directors had decided to add an item stating that the product “shall be free from pork products and derivatives” in all the standards and technical regulations of agricultural and food products, where there is possibility of existence or addition of pork products and derivatives to these products

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S O

    Standards for Standards for HalalHalal

    Conditions set in the GSO food standards:

    • Products should be free from any material prohibited by Islamic law

    • Products should be free from any material

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    • Products should be free from any material harmful to health (i.e. contaminants, additives, preservatives, and the microbiological requirements)

    • Requirements pertaining to packaging, marking, transport and storage, shelf-life and expiry date, and other requirements that prohibit deceit and fraud

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S O

    GSO Standards Related to Halal ProductsGSO Standards Related to Halal Products

    • GSO 9/1995 “Labeling of Prepackaged Foods”

    • GSO 993/1999 “Animal Slaughtering according to Islamic Law”

    • GSO 1931/2009 “Halal Food, Part (1):

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    • GSO 1931/2009 “Halal Food, Part (1): General Requirement”

    • GSO 2055/2010 “Halal Food, Part (2): Guidelines for Halal Food Certification Bodies and their Accreditation Requirements”

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S OSalient Features of Standard: Salient Features of Standard: GSO GSO 99//1995 1995

    "Labeling of Prepackaged Foods""Labeling of Prepackaged Foods"• Specifies definitions and general requirements to

    be met in labeling of prepackaged foodstuffs including:

    – name of the foodstuff,

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    – name of the foodstuff,

    – ingredients,

    – production date,

    – country of origin, and

    – manufacturer’s name and address,

    – the languages in which the above information will be written on the product's label

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S OSalient Features of Standard: Salient Features of Standard: GSO GSO 99//1995 1995

    "Labeling of Prepackaged Foods“ ("Labeling of Prepackaged Foods“ (Cont.Cont.))

    • If a food product contains animal fats, meat

    derivatives or products (such as gelatin), it is

    required to mention; in the product's label,

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    the kind of animal(s) from which such

    materials are produced

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S OSalient Features of Standard: Salient Features of Standard: GSO GSO 993993//1999 1999

    ““Animal Slaughtering According to Islamic LawAnimal Slaughtering According to Islamic Law""• Concerned with general requirements of animal

    slaughtering (including birds) according to Islamic law

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    • Identifies:– Definitions of key terminologies; such as:

    invoking, slaughtering, stabbing, slaying, carrion,

    A.Requirements of the animal to be slaughtered

    B. Requirements of slaughterer and slaughter tool

    C. Requirements of slaughter method (Dakah)

    D.Requirements of inspection, certification and stamps

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S OSalient Requirements of Standard: Salient Requirements of Standard: GSO GSO 993993//1999 1999

    A. The Animal to be Slaughtered:A. The Animal to be Slaughtered:Should not be of the animals which are unlawful for Muslims

    to eat such as:

    • Carrion, strangulated or fatally beaten animal, animal dead through falling from a heights, horn–butted animal, animal

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    through falling from a heights, horn–butted animal, animal which has been partially devoured by predatory animals, and animal which has been dedicated to any, other than Allah (s.w.t.)

    • Pigs, dogs, domestic donkeys, elephants and mules

    • Predatory animals such as lions, tigers and bears

    • Predatory birds of prey, such as eagles and falcons

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S OSalient Requirements of Standard: Salient Requirements of Standard: GSO GSO 993993//1999 1999

    B. B. Slaughterer and Slaughter ToolSlaughterer and Slaughter Tool

    • The slaughterer must be Muslim or Kitabi (Jewish or Christian)

    • Slaughtering should be carried out under the supervision of a rational equitable Muslim who knows

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    supervision of a rational equitable Muslim who knows well the rules of "Dakah“

    • The slaughter tool must be made from any material other than bones or nails

    • The slaughter tool shall be clean and sharp that cuts by it's sharp edge and not by its weight. The slaying (nahr) shall be carried out as completely as possible

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S OSalient Requirements of Standard: Salient Requirements of Standard: GSO GSO 993993//1999 1999

    B. B. Slaughterer and Slaughter Tool Slaughterer and Slaughter Tool ((Cont.Cont.))

    • The automatic slaughtering tool in the slaughter houses shall be adjusted so as to cut only the four jugular veins without the whole neck, and this shall be from the front side and not from one of the neck sides

    • Beating on the head or similar actions; such as: using bolt shot

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    • Beating on the head or similar actions; such as: using bolt shot pistol, or non–penetrative percussion, or stunning by carbon dioxide, is not permitted.

    • Animals shall remain alive in case of using low voltage electrical stunning on head only so as to be ritually killed. This can be indicated by animal's movements after slaughtering.– Animals which die before slaughtering are considered to be carrion and

    are refused.

    – Electrical stunning is not allowed in case of birds

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S OSalient Requirements of Standard: Salient Requirements of Standard: GSO GSO 993993//1999 1999

    C. Slaughter Method (C. Slaughter Method (DakahDakah))• The phrase “Bismillah” (In the name of Allah) should be invoked

    immediately before the slaughter of the animal

    • Ritual Islamic slaughter (Dakah) shall be carried out by one of the sanctioned methods mentioned in item (B).

    • Animal slaughter shall be carried out by cutting animal's trachea, esophagus and jugular veins and slaughtering shall be carried out

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    • Animal slaughter shall be carried out by cutting animal's trachea, esophagus and jugular veins and slaughtering shall be carried out form the front side “towards the chest” and not from behind “towards the back”.

    • Animal's neck shall not be cut off, broken, nor shall any similar act be made until bleeding of blood is stopped.

    • No part of the animals body shall be cut before its death.

    • Slaughter and storage shall not be carried out in places and with tools used for animals which are unlawful for Muslims to eat.

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S OSalient Requirements of Standard: Salient Requirements of Standard: GSO GSO 993993//1999 1999

    D. Inspection, Certification and StampsD. Inspection, Certification and Stamps• Each meat consignment shall be accompanied with an attested certificate

    issued by any of the relevant consulates of GCC states or by their

    authorized representative or by an Islamic centre or organization (if any)

    to prove that slaughtering has been carried out according to the Islamic

    rules.

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    rules.

    • The stamp of the Islamic centre or organization shall be

    tamper-proof and the branding ink shall be stable and

    unharmful to health

    • Each carcass (chilled or frozen) or final containers of

    special meal cuts shall be branded with the Islamic centre

    or organization official stamp, and by the authorized

    person to indicate that slaughter has been carried out

    under the supervision of that centre or organization

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S OSalient Requirements of Standard: Salient Requirements of Standard: GSO GSO 993993//1999 1999

    D. Inspection, Certification and Stamps (D. Inspection, Certification and Stamps (Cont.Cont.))• The imported consignment shall be accompanied with

    certificates that slaughtering has been carried out in authorized abattoir and according to Islamic rules, and that the animal has been inspected within 12 hours before slaughtering and immediately after slaughtering

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    before slaughtering and immediately after slaughtering by an official veterinarian and it has been found sound, free from infectious diseases and fit for human consumption

    • The certificate shall indicate the following:– Type of animal , its weight and average age

    – Slaughtering date

    – Country of origin

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S OSalient Features of Standard: Salient Features of Standard: GSO GSO 19311931//2009 2009

    ““HalalHalal Food, Part (Food, Part (11): General Requirement”): General Requirement”It specifies requirements to be followed in the production, preparation,

    handling and storage of halal food products; which include:

    • Requirements of halal food and halal slaughtering; which shall be in accordance with the requirements in the GSO 993/1999

    • Requirements for processing, packaging, storage, handling and

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    • Requirements for processing, packaging, storage, handling and distribution

    • Requirements for equipment, tools, and auxiliary materials used in the processing of halal food products

    • Labeling halal food products - which identifies the conditions for accreditation procedures for the donor of the "Halal" logo adopted by the GCC Standardization Organization

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S OSalient Features of Standard: Salient Features of Standard: GSO GSO 20552055//2010 2010

    ““HalalHalal Food, Part (Food, Part (22): Guidelines for ): Guidelines for HalalHalal Food Certification Food Certification

    Bodies and their Accreditation Requirements”Bodies and their Accreditation Requirements”

    It specifies requirements for issuers certificates of halal food and

    conditions of approval which include: :

    • General requirements.

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    • Procedures for accreditation of certification bodies of Halal Food

    • Halal food certification.

    • Mark of the ratification of Halal

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S O

    Other Relevant Standards …Other Relevant Standards …• GSO 997/1998 “Beef, Goat and Buffalo Meat , Chilled and Frozen”.

    • GSO 834/1997 “Fresh, Chilled and Frozen Camel Meat”.

    • GSO 996/1998 “Mutton and Goat Meat, Fresh, Chilled and frozen”

    • GSO 1327/2002 “Minced Meat”.

    • GSO 1329/2002 “Processed Meat: Chilled or Frozen Meat Kofta” .

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    • GSO 1329/2002 “Processed Meat: Chilled or Frozen Meat Kofta” .

    • GSO 1328/2002 “Processed Meat: Canned Sausage”.

    • GSO 322/1994 “Chilled Chicken”.

    • GSO 381/1994 "Emulsifiers, Stabilizers and Thickeners Permitted for Use in Foodstuffs"

    • GSO 707/1994 "Flavorings Permitted for use in Foodstuffs".

    • GSO 23/2000 "Coloring Matter Used in Foodstuffs"

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S O

    Edible GelatinEdible Gelatin• Gelatin is a protein produced by partial hydrolysis of collagen

    extracted from the boiled bones, connective tissues, organs and some intestines of animals such as domesticated cattle, pigs, and horses.

    • Gelatin is used in food manufacturing (Edible Gelatin) as gelatinous factors or mixed or stabilizers and it is used in manufacturing

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    factors or mixed or stabilizers and it is used in manufacturing various products such as medicines , cosmetics and pharmaceuticals (capsules , powders , creams) .

    • Owing to gelatin production is mainly carried out in non-Islamic countries from skins and bones of animals slaughtered in contrariety with Islamic Rules , GSO has paid great attention to ensure that imported gelatin or the gelatin used in various food products shall be of animals legally permitted . and had been slaughtered according to Islamic Rules

    Source: [email protected]

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S O

    Alcohol in Food ProductsAlcohol in Food Products

    • Most of the food stuffs are almost free from

    alcohol by its nature, except some products

    which are fermentative by their nature; such

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    as fruit juice which shall set maximum limit for

    alcohol ratio in their products.

    • Every food product shall be studied

    individually to determine the importance of

    limiting the maximum of alcohol or not.

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S O

    A Final Note…A Final Note…

    • Compliance may be a requirement, but

    compliance should never be the objective

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    compliance should never be the objective

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S O

    Standards Show…Standards Show…

    • How companies can meet regulators’

    demands

    • The level of accomplishment or knowledge for

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    • The level of accomplishment or knowledge for

    external certification

    • The quality of a service, management system,

    or product

    • Specific business processes

  • GCC Standardization OrganizationG S O

    First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry, Kuwait 24-26 Jan 2011

    Dr. Sufyan Al Irhayim

    Director of Standards and

    Metrology, GSO

    [email protected]

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