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GCC Standardization Organization (GSO) Updated Standard Final Draft GSO 7/ FDS :2012 Prepared by GSO Sub-committee No. TC 07/SC01 Lubricating Oils for Internal Combustion Engines ICS: 75.100 Prepared by Gulf Technical committee for Oil & Gas Industry ______________________________________________________________________________________ THIS DOCUMENT IS A DRAFT GSO STANDARD CIRCULATED FOR COMMENT. IT IS, THEREFORE SUBJECT TO CHANGE AND MAY NOT BE REFERRED TO AS GSO STANDARD UNTIL APPROVED BY THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS.
Transcript
Page 1: GCC Standardization Organization (GSO)inmetro.gov.br/barreirastecnicas/pontofocal/textos/... · GSO STANDARD GSO /2012 Foreword GCC Standardization Organization (GSO) is a regional

GCC Standardization Organization (GSO)

Updated Standard

Final Draft

GSO 7/ FDS :2012

Prepared by GSO Sub-committee No. TC 07/SC01

Lubricating Oils for Internal Combustion Engines

ICS: 75.100

Prepared by

Gulf Technical committee for Oil & Gas Industry ______________________________________________________________________________________

THIS DOCUMENT IS A DRAFT GSO STANDARD CIRCULATED FOR COMMENT. IT IS,

THEREFORE SUBJECT TO CHANGE AND MAY NOT BE REFERRED TO AS GSO STANDARD

UNTIL APPROVED BY THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS.

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GSO STANDARD GSO /2012

Foreword

GCC Standardization Organization (GSO) is a regional Organization which

consists of the National Standards Bodies of GCC member States. One of

GSO main functions is to issue Gulf Standards / Technical regulations

through specialized technical committees (TCs).

GSO through the technical program of committee TC No7 "Gulf Technical

committee for Oil & Gas Industry" has updated the Gulf technical

Regulation No. GSO 1785:2007 “Lubricating Oils for Internal Combustion

Engines" The Updated Standard has been prepared by (UNITED ARAB

EMIRATES) this will withdrawn and replace GSO 1785:2007.

The draft has been prepared based on relevant, International and National

Standards and references.

This technical Regulation has been approved as a Gulf (Standard / Technical

Regulation) by GSO Board of Directors in its meeting No. ( ), held on

/ / H, / / G. The approved standard will replace and

supersede the GSO standard N.( / ).

GSO1785/2007

GSO 1785/2007

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Lubricating Oils for Internal Combustion Engines

1. Scope And Field of Application The Gulf standard is concerned with lubricating oils for internal combustion

engines suitable for gasoline and diesel engine services excluding marine

application.

2. Complementary References*

2.1 GSO 126/1990 “Methods of Sampling lubricating Oils”.

2.2 GSO ISO 3987:2011 “Petroleum products - Lubricating oils and

additives - Determination of sulfated ash”

2.3 GSO 873/1997 “Determination of Apparent Viscosity for Engine Oils

at Low Temperature Using the Cold Crank Simulator”.

2.4 GSO896/1997 “Determination of Phosphorous Content in Lubricating

Oils and Additives”.

2.5 GSO1078/2003 “Determination of Kinematic Viscosity and Dynamic

Viscosity for Petroleum Products”..

2.6 GSO ISO 2909/2008 “Calculation of Viscosity Index from Kinematic

Viscosity”.

2.7 GSO ISO 3771/2011 “Determination of Base Number-Perchloric

Acid Potentiometric Titration Method”.

2.8 GSO ISO 6247/2008 “Determination of Foaming Characteristics of

Lubricating Oils”.

3. Definition 3.1 Mineral Base oil: Petroleum product produced after refining,

(separating fuel distillates) by extracting asphalt, aromatics, resins,

unstable materials, wax and moisture to improve its characteristics.

Also it can be separate mineral oil base types according to whether

they are Conventional or hydro-processed. Conventional base oils are

refined using traditional methods (applying chemicals) and tend to

leave undesirables behind, such as sulfur, oxygen, nitrogen and carbon

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compounds, and trace metals. These can affect the performance of the

oil.

Mineral base oils that have been hydro-processed have undergone

additional, more advanced refining processes than their conventional

counterparts. The name "hydro-processed" is derived from the fact

that refineries use hydrogen reactions (in a process known as hydro-

cracking) to remove impurities. When base oils are subjected to even

more hydroprocessing, they attain the status of “severe”

hydroprocessed oils, which means they contain minimal amounts of

impurities.

Hydro-isomerized mineral oils reconstruct cracked waxes into

branched paraffin’s. This technology is growing globally to meet

global standards for lubricants.

3.2 Base stock: Mineral or synthetic oil or mixture of both.

3.3 Additives: Chemical materials designed to be mixed with base stocks

to enhance its performance properties.

3.4 Lubrication: The act of adding lubricating oil to reduce friction and

wear between the moving parts, to control the increase in temperature

rise caused by the friction, to minimize corrosion and to remove

residues resulting from internal combustion.

4. Classification

Lubricating oils are classified according to their viscosity and

performance as follows:

4.1 Classification according to viscosity

Lubricating oils are classified according to viscosity based on SAE

classification (see Table 1).

Multigrade oils are the combination of winter (W) and summer

grades.

4.2 Classification according to performance

Lubricating oils are classified according to performance based on API

classification (see Table 2& Table 3).

Multigrade oils are the combination of winter (W) and summer

grades.

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4.2.1 Service categories for passenger car oils:

The lubricants covered by these categories are for gasoline

passenger cars, some trucks and off-highway equipment. (Service

category “S”).

Note: The letter following service category “S” indicates the performance

category of the oils.

4.2.1.1. SJ-1997 Gasoline Engine Service

Category SJ was adopted in 1996 to describe engine oil and was

first mandated in 1997. It is for use in service typical of gasoline

engines in present and earlier passenger cars, van and light trucks

operating under vehicle manufacturer’s recommended maintenance

procedures. Oils meeting API SJ requirement have been tested

according to The American Chemistry Council (ACC) Product

Approval Code of Practice and may utilize the API base oil

interchange and viscosity grade engine testing guidelines. (They

may be used where API Service Obsolete Categories SH and earlier

categories are recommended). Note: SJ represents the minimum category used in this gulf standard.

4.2.1.2. SL-2001 Gasoline Engine Service Category SL was adopted to describe engine oils for use in 2001.

These oils are use in service typical of gasoline engines in present

and earlier passenger cars, sport utility vehicles, vans and light

trucks operating under vehicle manufacturers, recommended

maintenance procedure. Engine oils that meet API service category

SL requirements have been tested according to the American

Chemistry Council (ACC) Product Approval Code of Practice and

may utilize the API Base Oil Interchange and Viscosity Grade

Engine Testing Guidelines. They may be used where API Service

Category SJ and earlier categories are recommended.

4.2.1.3. SM-2005 Gasoline Engine Service Category SM was adopted for use in describing engine oils available

in 2004. These oils are for use in service of gasoline engines in

current and earlier passenger cars, sport utility vehicles, vans, and

light-duty trucks operating under vehicle manufacturers

recommended maintenance procedures.

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Engine oils that the API Service Category SM designation may be

used where API Service Category SL and earlier S categories have

been recommended.

Engine oils meeting API Service Category SM requirements have

been tested according to American chemistry Council (ACC)

Product Approval Code of Practice and may utilize the API Base Oil

Interchangeability and viscosity engine testing guidelines.

4.2.1.4. SN-2010 Gasoline Engine Service API Service Category SN was for use in describing Engine Oils

available in 2010. These oils are for use in service typical gasoline

engines in current and earlier passenger cars. Sport utility vehicles,

vans, and light-duty trucks operating under vehicle manufacturers

recommended maintenance procedures.

The API lubricants Group finalized the user language and test

requirements for both API SN and its supplemental Category-

Resource Conserving (RC). This new supplemental category

expands the previous Energy Conserving supplemental Category

(which provided only fuel economy claims) by also adding greater

emission system protection, turbocharger

Protection and enabling engines to operate on ethanol-containing

fuels up to E85. API SN, when licensed with Resource Conserving,

is equivalent to ILSAC GF-5.

The first allowable license date for API SN coincides with the

ILSAC GF-5 first license date of October 1, 2010.

4.2.2. Categories for Diesel Engines Oils

The lubricants covered by this category commercial (category “C”)

cover diesel engine trucks and diesel powered off-highway

equipment (fleets, contractors, farmers, etc.).

Note: The letter following commercial category “C” indicates the performance

category of the oil.

4.2.2.1 CH-4- 1998 Severe – Duty Diesel Engine Service

API Service Category CH-4 describes oils for use in high speed,

four- stroke cycle diesel engines used in highway and off-road

application. CH-4 oils provide effective control over engine deposits,

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wear, corrosion, oxidation stability and soot accumulation. These oils

are especially effective in engines designed to meet 1999 emission

standard and may also be used in engines requiring API Service

Category CG-4. Oils designated for this service have been in

existence since 1999. CH-4 oils are engineered for use with diesel

fuels ranging in sulfur content up to 0.5% weight.

Note: CH-4 represents the minimum category used in this gulf standard

4.2.2.2 CI-4-2002 Severe Duty Diesel Engine Service

The API CI-4 Service category describes oils for use in those high

– speed , four- stroke cycle diesel engines designed to meet 2004

exhaust emission standards and was implemented in October 2002 .

These oils are compounded for use in all applications with diesel

fuels ranging in sulfur content up 0.05% by weight. These oils are

especially effective at sustaining engine durability where Exhaust

Gas Recirculation (EGR) and other exhaust emission component

may be used. Optimum protection is provided for control of

corrosive wear tendencies , low and high temperature stability , soot

handling properties, piston deposit control , valve train wear ,

Oxidative thickening, foaming and viscosity loss due to shear. API

CI-4 oils are superior in performance to those meeting API CH-4,

CG-4 and CF-4 and can effectively lubricate engines calling for

those API Service Categories.

4.2.2.3 CI- 4 PLUS in Conjunction with API Service Category CI-4

API Service Category CI-4 engine oils that also carry the

classification CI-4PLUS are formulated to provide a higher level of

protection against soot-related viscosity increase and viscosity loss

due to shear in vehicles powered by diesel engines.

4.2.2.4 CJ-4-2007 Severe Duty Diesel Engine Service:-

API service category CJ-4 describes oils for use in high-speed, four-

stroke cycle diesel engines designed to meet 2007 exhaust emission

standards as well as for previous model years.

Engines using this higher performance motor oil can experience

significantly less wear in the valve train and power cylinder areas of

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the engine. In addition, API CJ-4 motor oil provides increased

protection against heat and increased soot handling capabilities, which

can help enforce engine cleanliness.

API CJ-4 oil will be required to protect the engine and allow for

maximum durability of the exhaust after-treatment system.

2007 diesel engine will also require the use of Ultra-low sulphur

Diesel fuel.

In 2007 the fuel sulphur levels for off-highway are being reduced to

500 ppm – the same as today’s on-highway stand-and has

demonstrated the performance and suitability of API CJ-4 oils in

millions of miles of testing using conventional <500 ppm sulphur fuel

operators of off-highway who also have on-highway trucks can

benefit from the convenience of one oil for virtually all applications.

5. CHARACTERISTICS

The lubricating oils shall fulfill the following characteristics:

5. 1 They shall be homogeneously mixed, bright and clear and have

acceptable odour.

5. 2 They shall be free from water, sediments, dusts, abrasive matter and

impurities

5. 3 They shall contain some anti-oxidation, anti-rust, anti-corrosion,

anti-wear, anti-foam, detergents/dispersants and pour point

depressant additives and other additives, etc. to improve the quality

and meet performance requirements of Tables 2 and 3.

5. 4 The additives (item 5.3), to be used shall be completely soluble in

the base oil. They shall neither partly precipitate nor separate if the

temperature raised to 125oC.

5. 5 The base oils to be used with the additives (item 5.4) shall be

paraffinic base oils with viscosity index V.I ≥ 90 and conforms to

API classification of base oils given in Table 5.

Nor-refined or recycled oil base oils to be used in formulating

these lubricants unless these oils are produced by internationally

recognized licensed processes and the base oil products have the

same quality of virgin Base Oils and conform to the API

classification of Base oil given in Table 5.

5. 6 They shall fulfill the pour point and flash point requirements of

Table 4.

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5. 7 The viscosity index of the lubricating oils shall not be less than 90.

5. 8 The value of phosphorus, zinc, calcium, magnesium and other

metals, sulphated ash, total acid number, total base number, and shall

be mentioned as guidelines and reported in the test report.

5. 9 The oils shall be stable and compatible.

6 SAMPLING

Samples shall be drawn according to Standard mentioned in item

(2.1).

7 METHODS OF TESTING*

The following tests shall be carried out according to the performance

and application requirement and the representative sample taken in

accordance with item (6).

*Note

1) The tests shall be carried out according to the Gulf Standards given in item (2)

or equivalents and according to international test methods standards (ISO or

ASTM or IP)

2) Engine Test Requirements and Testing Methods for Gasoline and Diesel

Engines Oils shall be carried out according to ASTM Standards mentioned in

the Table 6 and Table 7.

7. 1 Physical & Chemical Tests

7.1.1 Visual inspection.

7.1.2 Determination of flash point.

7.1.3 Determination of kinematic viscosity and dynamic viscosity.

7.1.4 Calculation of viscosity index.

7.1.5 Determination of pour point.

7.1.6 Determination of phosphorus content.

7.1.7 Determination of zinc content.

7.1.8 Determination of calcium content.

7.1.9 Determination of magnesium content.

7.1.10 Determination of sulphated ash.

7.1.11 Determination of nitrogen content.

7.1.12 Determination of total base number and total acid number.

7.1.13 Determination of foaming characteristics of lubricating oils

7.1.14 Determination of stability and compatibility.

7.1.15 Determination of homogenously solubility.

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7.1.16 Determination of apparent viscosity.

7.1.17 Determination of pumping viscosity.

7.1.18 Determination of conradson carbon residue.

7.1.19 Determination of sulfur content.

7.2 Engine and Bench Tests

For the evaluation of lubricating oils used in internal combustion

engines, as listed in Tables 2 and 3.

8 PACKING

Lubricating oils shall be packed in tightly closed and sealed

containers preventing possibilities of oil leakage or oil contamination

with any impurities; such containers neither shall affect nor be

affected by the oil.

9 LABELLING

The following information shall be legibly and indelibly marked in

both Arabic and English languages on each container of lubricating

oils.

9.1 Net volume, in liters.

9.2 Producer’s name or his registered trade mark.

9.3 Name of the country of origin.

9.4 The classification of oils according to SAE viscosity, and API

performance (as in item 4) ,and its intended use .

9.5 Date of production and the batch number

9.6 Precaution: “Avoid Environmental Pollution.

9.7 Base Oil origin: virgin base oil or recycled.

10 RULES FOR ACCEPTANCE AND REJECTION

10.1 Each consignment of lubricating oils shall be accompanied with a

certificate stating its compliance with this standard.

10.2 The consignment shall be considered complying with this Gulf

standard when the accompanying certificate is accepted.

10.3 In case the certificate is not accepted (because information is

incomplete or subject to question), the information may be completed

or (if necessary) substantial test mentioned in item (7.1) shall be

carried out on samples taken in accordance with all the requirements

of this standard. When the withdrawn samples pass the entire test the

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consignment shall be considered as complying with this Gulf

standard. In case one or more of the lubricating oil samples fail to

pass any of the tests, a second sample, double the number of samples

of the first one shall be withdrawn from the same group and subjected

to all the tests.

The consignment shall be considered as complying with the

requirements of this standard when all the test samples of the second

sample pass the re-tests. Otherwise the consignment shall be

considered as not complying

REFERENCES

Main Reference

Recommended Practices and Information Reports of Society of

Automotive Engineers (SAE):

SAE J 300/2007 “Engine Oil Viscosity Classification”

Standard of American Petroleum Institute (API):

API 1509, “Engine Oil Licensing and certification System” 16th

Edition, April 2007, and the Attachment 1 to API 1509 16th Ed.

Other References

American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM),

ASTM D4485 “Standard Specification for Performance of Engine

Oils”

Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE):

SAE J 304/2007 “Engine Oil Tests”

SAE J 183/2011 “Engine Oil Performance and Engine Service Oils”

SAE J 357/2006 “Physical and Chemical Of Engine Oils”

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Tables

Table (1) SAE Viscosity Grades for Engine Oils

Tables (2) Performance Characteristics of Lubricating Oil

for Gasoline Engine

Tables (3) Performance Characteristics of Lubricating Oil

for Diesel Engine

Table (4) Pour Point and Flash Point of Engine Oils

Table (5) API Classifications of Base Oil Groups

Table (6)

Gasoline Engine oils Classification, Engine Test

Requirements and ASTM Methods

Table (7)

Diesel Engine oils Classification , Engine Test

Requirements and ASTM Methods

Table (8) API “S” (GASLINE) Service Categories

Table (9) API “C” (DIESEL) Service Categories

Table (10) The Addition / Elimination Item due to Updating

Lubricating Oils in ICE

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Table 1

SAE VISCOSITY GRADES FOR ENGINE OILS *

SAE Viscosity

Grade

Low –temperature (oC) Cranking

Viscosity (3), mPa-s

Low temperature (oC) Pumping

Viscosity (4), mPa-swith no yield stress

Low-Shear-RateKinematic

Viscosity (5) (mm2/s) at 100 oC

High-shear-Rate Viscosity (6) mPa-s

at 150 oC ,

Max. Max. Min. Max. Min.

0 W¨** 6200 at -35 60 000 at -40 3.8 - -

5 W 6600 at -30 60 000 at -35 3.8 - -

10 W 7000 at -25 60 000 at -30 4.1 - -

15 W 7000 at -20 60 000 at -25 5.6 - -

20 W 9500 at -15 60 000 at -20 5.6 - -

25 W 13000 at -10 60 000 at -15 9.3 - -

20 - - 5.6 < 9.3 2.6

30 - - 9.3 < 12.5 2.9

40 - - 12.5 < 16.3 3.5 (0W-40, 5W-40 and 10W-40 grades)

40 - - 12.5 < 16.3 3.7(15W-40,20W-40, 25W-40,40 grades)

50 - - 16.3 < 21.9 3.7

60 - - 21.9 < 26.1 3.7

(1) Notes 1 mPa.s=1 cP; 1 mm2/s = 1 cS

(2) All values, with the exception of the low- temperature cranking viscosity are critical specification as defined by ASTM D3244

(3) ASTM D5293: Cranking viscosity- The non-critical specification protocol in ASTM D3244 shall be applied with a P value of 0.95.

(4) ASTM D4684: Note that the presence of any yield stress detectable by this method constitutes a failure regardless of viscosity.

(5) ASTM D445.

(6) ASTM D4683, CEC L-36-A-90 (ASTM D4741), or ASTM D5481.

* This document – SAE J 300 revision of November 2007 – supersedes SAE J300 of May 2004. This revision becomes effective July 2010;

18 months after the revised Standard became available for voluntary compliance

* * W: Is symbol for winter

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Table (2-0)

API “S” (GASLINE) SERVICE CATEGORIES

ENGINE AND BENCH TEST REQUIREMENT SUMMARY

(SA) (SB) (SC) (SD) API CATERGORY (SE) (SF) (SG) (SH) (SJ) (SL) (SM) (SN)

Grade

Obsol Obsol Obsol Obsol Timing Obsol Obsol Obsol Obsol Current Current Current Current

None

X

-

-

-

-

IV -

-

-

X

-

-

IIA

IIIA

IV V

-

-

X

-

-

IIB

IIIB

IV VB

L 1 or 1 H

X

L-38

Ball Rust Test

SEQ VIII

SEQ II

SEQ III

SEQ IV SEQ V

CATERPILLAR

FORD FALCON

X

-

-

IID

IIIC or IIID

- VC or VD

-

-

X

-

-

IID

IIID

- VD

-

-

X

-

-

IID

IIIE

- VE

1 H2

-

X

-

-

IID

IIIE

- VE

-

-

X or VIII

-

-

IID or BRT

IIIE or IIIF

- VE or VG+IVA

-

-

-

X

X

-

IIIF

IVA VG

-

-

-

X

X

-

IIIG

IVA VG

-

-

VIII

-

X

IIIGB*

IIIG

IVA VID*

-

-

SEE J 300

- -

-

- -

-

- -

SEA J 300

- -

-

- -

-

- -

SEA J 300

- -

-

- -

-

- -

SEA J 300

- -

-

- -

-

- -

Viscometrics

Volatility Filterability

Foaming

Flash Point Homog. & Miscibility

TEOST

Gelation index L-38 Shear Stability

Elastomer compatibility

SEA J 300

- -

-

- -

-

- -

SEA J 300

- -

-

- -

-

- -

SEA J 300

- -

-

- -

-

- -

SEA J 300

X X

X

X X

X

- X

SEA J 300

X X

X

X X

D6335

X X

SEA J 300

X X

X

- X

MHT-4

X -

SEA J 300

X X

X

- X

MHT-4

X X

X

X X

X

X X

MHT-4

X -

X

*Require only for SN-RC.

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Table 2-1

Table 2-1 (Continues)

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Table 2-2

All Viscosity Grades

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Table 2-3

All Viscosity Grades

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ENGINE TESTS for API SN-RC

All Viscosity Grades

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Requirements for API SN are the same as those for API SN-RC, except as noted in the table to the right. Footnotes: 1) Not required for SAE 0W-20.

2) Not required for SN Non-ILSAC GF-5 Viscosity grades.

3) 45 max for SN Non-ILSAC GF-5 Viscosity grades. 4) No maximum for SN Non-ILSAC GF-5 Viscosity grades.

5) If API CI-4 and/or CJ-4 categories precede the “S” category and there is no API Certification Mark,

the Sequence VG (ASTM D6593), Ball Rust (ASTM D6557), and Gelation Index (ASTM D5133) tests are not required. 6) Viscosity Grades are limited to SAE 0W, 5W and 10W multigrade oils.

7) Not required for monograde and SAE 15W, 20W, and 25W multigrade oils.

8) Calculated conversions specified in ASTM D5800 are allowed. 9) For all viscosity grades: If API CH-4, CI-4 and/or CJ-4 categories precede the “S” category and there is no API Certification Mark, the “S” category limits for phosphorus, sulfur, and the TEOST MHT do not

apply However, the CJ-4 limits for phosphorus and sulfur do apply for CJ-4 oils.

10) This is a non-critical specification as described in ASTM D3244. 11) After 1-minute settling period for all ILSAC viscosity grades and all NS-RC oils.

12) After 10-minute settling period for non-ILSAC GF-5 viscosity grades which are not SN-RC.

13) Shall remain homogeneous and, when mixed with ASTM reference oils, shall remain miscible. 14) To be evaluated from -5°C to temperature at which 40,000 cP is attained or -40°C, or 2 Celsius degrees below the appropriate MRV TP-1 temperature (defined by SAE J300), whichever occurs first.

15) Not Required for SN ILSAC GF-5 viscosity grades which do not also contain the API Certification Mark or are not SN-RC.

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GSO STANDARD GSO /2012

Table (3-0)

API “C” (DIESEL) SERVICE CATEGORIES

ENGINE AND BENCH TEST REQUIREMENT SUMMARY

(CA) (CB) (CC) (CD) (CD-II) (CE) API CATERGORY CF CF-2 CG-4 CG-4 CH-4 CI-4 CJ-4

Grade

Obsol Obsol Obsol Obsol Obsol. Obsol. Timing Obsol. Obsol. Obsol. Obsol. Current Current Current

X -

-

L1 -

-

- -

-

- -

-

- -

X -

-

L1 -

-

- -

-

- -

-

- -

X -

-

1H/1H 2

-

- -

-

- -

-

- -

X -

-

1G2 -

-

- -

-

- -

-

- -

X -

-

1G2 X

-

- -

-

- -

-

- -

-

X -

-

1G2 -

-

X X

-

- -

-

- -

-

L-38 SEQ. VIII

SEQ. III

CATERPILLAR DD6V-53T

DD6V-92TA

MACK T-6 MACK T-7

MACK T-8 / T -8E

MACK T-9 MACK T-10

CUMMINGS M11/M11EGR

CUMMINS NTC-400

RFWT EOAT Aeration Navistar

MACK T-11 MACK T-12

- -

-

1M-PC -

-

- -

-

- -

-

- -

-

- X

-

1M-PC -

X

- -

-

- -

-

- -

-

- X

-

1K -

-

X or T-9 X or T-8A

-

- -

-

X -

- X

IIIE

1N -

-

- -

T-8

- -

-

- X

- -

IIIE

1P+1K -

-

- -

T-8E

X -

M11

- X

- -

IIIE

1R+(1K Or 1N)

-

- -

-

T-8E -

X

M11EGR X

-

- -

IIIE

1N+ C13

-

- -

-

- ISM & ISB

-

X X

X X

SAE J300 Visco. HT/HS.pumppad. SEA J300

- -

-

- -

- -

-

- -

- -

-

- -

- -

-

- -

- -

-

- -

- -

-

- -

Cummins corrosion Metals, AN, BN

Volatility

Foaming Elastomer compatibility

- X

-

- -

- X

-

- -

- X

-

- -

X X

-

- -

X X

X

- -

X X

X

X X

X X

X

X X

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Table 3-1

All Viscosity Grades

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1) Not an ACC Test.

2) MTAC is a statistical method for treating engine test results.

All Viscosity Grades

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Table 3-2

All Viscosity Grades

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GSO STANDARD GSO /2012

1) Not an ACC Test.

2) MTAC is a statistical method for treating engine test results.

3) Limit of 30 pass for API CI-4, 90 pass for API CI-4 PLUS

Table 3-3

All Viscosity Grades

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All Viscosity Grades

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GSO STANDARD GSO /2012

1) Not an ACC Test.

2) MTAC is a statistical method for treating engine test results.

3) Requires all individual merit ratings to be equal to or greater than zero.

4) Passing Seq. IIIG viscosity increase at API SM is an acceptable alternative.

All Viscosity Grades

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Table (4)

Pour Point and Flash Point of Engine Oils

* W: Is Symbol for winter

Oil Grades Pour Point oC (max.)

Flash Point oC (min.)

0 W*

-39

185

5 W -36 195

10 W -33 205

15 W -27 210

20 W -24 215

25 W -24 220

20 -21 215

30 -18 220

40 -15 230

50 -9 235

60 -9 240

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GSO STANDARD GSO /2012

Table (5)

API Base Oil Classification

Companies also use their own marketing phrases: “Group 1-1/2” and “Group 2+”

“Group III” can be legally labeled “Synthetic”

-The word “Synthetic” is not part of the API Classify

-“Synthetic” is a marketing term, not a technical term

Group Saturates (%) Sulfur (%) Vis. Index Other

I < 90 and/or > 0.03 ≥80 - < 120 -

II ≥ 90 and ≤ 0.03 ≥80 - < 120 -

III ≥ 90 and ≤ 0.03 ≥ 120 -

IV PAO (poly Alpha Olefins)

V Everything Else

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Table (6) Service Classification Engine oils, Engine Test Requirements

& ASTM Methods

API Engine Test Requirement ASTM Test Method

SJ

CRC L-38 ASTM D 5119

Sequence IIIE ASTM D 5533

Sequence VG ASTM D 6953

Sequence IVA ASTM D 6891

SL

Sequence IIIF ASTM D 6984

Sequence IVA ASTM D 6891

Sequence VG ASTM D 6593

Sequence VIII ASTM D 6709

SM

Sequence VIII ASTM D 6709

BRT ASTM D 6557

Sequence IVA ASTM D 6891

Sequence VG ASTM D 6593

Sequence IIIG ASTM D 7320

SN

Sequence IIIG ASTM D 7320

Sequence IVA ASTM D 6891

Sequence VIII ASTM D 6709

Sequence IIIGB* ASTM D 7320

Sequence VID* ASTM D 7589

* Required only for ILSAC GF-5 and SN-RC only

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Table (7)

Commercial Classification Engine oils , Engine Test Requirements

& ASTM Methods

December 30, 2010 API ceased licensing new oils against CF Specification.

After February 1, 2010 API ceased licensing new oils against the CF-2 Specification.

After August 31, 2009 API will no longer approve new licenses against the CG-4 Specification.

API Engine Test Requirement ASTM Test Method

CH-4

Sequence IIIF ASTM RR:D02-1491

Roller Follower Wear ASTM D 5966

Mack T-8E ASTM D 5967

Mack T-9 ASTM D 6483

Cummins M 11 ASTM RR D02-1439

Caterpillar 1P ASTM D 6681

Caterpillar 1K ASTM RR D02-1273

CI-4

Caterpillar 1R ASTM D 6923

Cummins M 11 ASTM D6975

Mack T-8E ASTM D 5967

Mack T-10 ASTM RR D02-BO

Roller Follower Wear ASTM D 5966

Caterpillar 1K or 1N , Heui ASTM D 6750

Sequence IIIF ASTM D 6984

CJ-4

Mack T-11 ASTM D 7156

Mack T-12 ASTM D 7422

Cummins ISB ---

Cummins ISM ---

Caterpillar IN ASTM D 6750

Caterpillar C13 ---

Engine Oil Aeration ASTM D 6894

RFWT ASTM D 5966

Sequence IIIG or IIIF ASTM D 7320 / D 6984

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Table (8)

API “S….” (GASLINE) SERVICE CATEGORIES

GASOLINE ENGINES

(FOLLOW YOUR VEHICLE MANUFACTURER’S RECOMMENDATIONS ON OIL PERFORMANCE LEVEL)

CATEGORY STATUS

SN CURRENT

SM CURRENT

SL CURRENT

SH OBSOLETE

SG OBSOLETE

SF OBSOLETE

SE OBSOLETE

SD OBSOLETE

SC OBSOLETE

SB OBSOLETE

SA OBSOLETE

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GSO STANDARD GSO /2012

Table (9)

API “C”…. (DIESEL) SERVICE CATEGORIES

DIESEL ENGINES

(FOLLOW YOUR VEHICLE MANUFACTURER’S RECOMMENDATIONS ON OIL PERFORMANCE LEVEL)

CATEGORY STATUS

CJ-4 CURRENT

CI-4 CURRENT

CH-4 CURRENT

CG-4 OBSOLETE

CF-4 OBSOLETE

CF-2 OBSOLETE

CF OBSOLETE

CE OBSOLETE

CD-II OBSOLETE

CD OBSOLETE

CC OBSOLETE

CB OBSOLETE

CA OBSOLETE

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Table (10) The Addition / Elimination Items due to Updating GSO 1785/2007 in ICE

Change done on GSO 1785/2007 Reason 1- In Service Categories for Passenger Car Oils. 4.2.1

Addition of: SN -2010 Gasoline Engine Service 4.2.14

New: Categories available in 2010 for

Gasoline Engine Service.

2- In Categories for Diesel Engine Oils Service 4.2.2

a) Removing CF Categories

Removing CF-2 Categories

Removing CG-4 Categories

b) Addition of: CJ-4-2007 Severe Duty Diesel Engine Service.

Ceased Licensing after December 30, 2010.

Ceased Licensing after February 1, 2010.

Ceased Licensing after August 31, 2009.

New Categories in 2007 for Diesel Engine Service.

3- Updating Table (1) SAE Viscosity Grades for Engine Oils. New version of SAE J 300 :2007

4- Addition of Table 2-3 Passenger Car Engine Oil Laboratory / Engine Tests.

The New Categories API SN-RC.

5- Elimination of CF, CF-2 and CG-4

Categories Tables for Laboratory and Engine Tests.

Ceased Licensing in 2009 and 2010.

6- Addition of Table 3-3 The Categories API CJ-4 Heavy-Duty Diesel

Engine Laboratory/Engine Tests.

7- Addition of Engine Tests Required For API SN in Table (6). New API Categories.

8- Removing of CF, CF2 and CG-4 Engine Tests Required in Table (7). Ceased Licensing in 2009 and 2010.

9- Addition of Engine Tests Required For API CJ-4 in Table (7). New API Categories.


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