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Genius is one per cent inspiration, ninety-nine per cent perspiration. --Thomas Edison (1847 - 1931)

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  • Slide 1
  • Genius is one per cent inspiration, ninety-nine per cent perspiration. --Thomas Edison (1847 - 1931)
  • Slide 2
  • I. What can workers do? Strike Riot Slow downs Industrial sabotage Protest
  • Slide 3
  • Collective Bargaining Union members represent the workers and negotiate with management
  • Slide 4
  • DEC 6, 2012 R.A.W. Why didnt the government do anything to help workers? AIMAIM : 36 How did Unions fight back?
  • Slide 5
  • Early Unions: pg, 604-605 Knights of Labor AFL ILGWU Founder? Who was allowed in? How big did it get? What did they want? Why were they formed?
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  • DEC 6, 2012 R.A.W. What was the main difference between the Knights of Labor and the AFL? Why was the ILGWU formed? AIMAIM : 37 What was the result of most early strikes?
  • Slide 10
  • An injury to one is a concern for all. --Terrence V. Powderly
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  • Show me a country in which there are no strikes and I will show you a country in which there is no liberty. --S. Gompers
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  • STRIKE! Pg. 605-606 RR Strike. Haymarket Riot Homestead Strike Pullman Strike Why? Union response Company response Government Action Public Feeling
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  • Cotton Mill
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  • I. Laissez-Faire The belief that the government should not become involved in the affairs of business. Government has no role in helping working people. Hands Off!
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  • II. The R i s e of Labor Unions Employers held too much power over the lives of their workers Could lower wages and fire them at will
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  • Injunction: Court order forcing striking workers back to work. In ALL disputes between workers and owners before 1900 the government will always side with the owners !!!
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  • URBAN = City
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  • NYC, 1900
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  • RURAL = Country
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  • America prior to the shift towards Business & Industry 1600s-Civil War
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  • I. What conditions were workers facing? Long hours Low wages Unsafe conditions No benefits Immigrant prejudice
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  • I. Owners Fight Back Strikebreakers(Scabs): Workers hired to replace striking workers. Lockouts: Lock workers out of factory until union is broken. Yellow Dog Contract: Workers sign a contract promising not to join a union.
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  • I.Haymarket Square Riot - May 4, 1886 Chicago police advance on protestors (Knights of Labor) A dynamite bomb was thrown into the crowd killing several dozen including cops Knights of Labor were considered too violent and anarchists
  • Slide 32
  • II. Impact of the American Union Between 1881-1900 there were 23,000 strikes involving 6,610,000 workers $450 million dollars lost by workers & employers 1894 Congress passed Labor Day as a national holiday Most Industrial Owners came to fear costly work stoppages
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  • III. Results of Labor Unions Shorter Hours: 8-10 More pay (Minimum wage.) Safer conditions(Building codes, fire laws.) Restriction of child labor. Respect for working people.
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  • I. Labor Unions The Knights of Labor: 1869. Founded by Terence V. Powderly. Included all workers. Skilled/unskilled. Membership of 700,000 by 1886.
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  • The American Federation of Labor(AFL): 1881 Founded by Samuel Gompers. Only Skilled workers allowed. Shorter hours, higher wages, better conditions. 1.6 million members by 1904.
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  • International ladies Garment Workers Union(ILGWU): 1911 Founded by Mary Harris Jones. Safer working conditions. Formed after Triangle Shirtwaist Fire.
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  • there are no limits to which powers of privilege will not go to keep the workers in slavery. Mary Harris (Mother) Jones
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  • I. Laissez-Faire The belief that the government should not become involved in the affairs of business. Government has no role in helping working people. Hands Off!
  • Slide 39
  • More !!
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  • I. Labor Unions The Knights of Labor: 1869. Founded by Terence V. Powderly. Included all workers. Skilled/unskilled. Membership of 700,000 by 1886.
  • Slide 44
  • The American Federation of Labor(AFL): 1881 Founded by Samuel Gompers. Only Skilled workers allowed. Shorter hours, higher wages, better conditions. 1.6 million members by 1904.
  • Slide 45
  • International ladies Garment Workers Union(ILGWU): 1911 Founded by Mary Harris Jones. Safer working conditions. Formed after Triangle Shirtwaist Fire.
  • Slide 46
  • Strike: Deliberate work stoppage. Boycott: Refusing to buy the products of a company. Picket Line: Staged protest in front of a business.
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  • Industrial Sabotage: Destruction of company machines. Publicity: Public criticism of a company. Newspapers. LABOR UNIONS
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  • What do you want from management? Lets Play!!!!
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  • VII. Impact of the American Union Between 1881-1900 there were 23,000 strikes involving 6,610,000 workers $450 million dollars lost by workers & employers Under 50% of the disputes won by the unions 1894 Congress passed Labor Day as a national holiday Most Industrial Owners came to fear costly work stoppages
  • Slide 50
  • 2 All Star Questions!!!! !
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  • In most major labor disputes that occurred in the late 1800s, the federal government 1.Supported organized labor unions 2.Supported management 3.Did not become involved in strikes 4.Treated both sides fairly.
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  • Which development was a result of the other three? 1. Poor working conditions 2. Twelve hour work day 3. Formation of labor unions 4. Low pay for workers
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  • Chicago at the turn of the Century RAW : What do you see?
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  • A. The Purpose of Unions: TO IMPROVE WORKING CONDITIONS Keep wages respectable Provide protection for workers ?? How do Unions achieve their goals?
  • Slide 58
  • An injury to one is a concern for all. --Terrence V. Powderly
  • Slide 59
  • Haymarket Square Riot - May 4, 1886 Chicago police advance on protestors (Knights of Labor) A dynamite bomb was thrown into the crowd killing several dozen including cops Knights of Labor were considered too violent and anarchists
  • Slide 60
  • More !!
  • Slide 61
  • A. Results of Labor Unions Shorter Hours: 8-10 More pay (Minimum wage.) Safer conditions(Building codes, fire laws.) Restriction of child labor.
  • Slide 62
  • Respect for working people. Show me a country in which there are no strikes and I will show you a country in which there is no liberty. --S. Gompers
  • Slide 63
  • In most major labor disputes that occurred in the late 1800s, the federal government 1.Supported organized labor unions 2.Supported management 3.Did not become involved in strikes 4.Treated both sides fairly.
  • Slide 64
  • Which development was a result of the other three? 1. Poor working conditions 2. Twelve hour work day 3. Formation of labor unions 4. Low pay for workers
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  • Dec 1, 2003 R.A.W. List two ways that Unions could fight back. AIMAIM : 3 How did Unions begin to fight?
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  • Dec 6, 2004 R.A.W. Vocab Quiz TODAY AIMAIM : 4 What were the blessings and curses of Industrial expansion in America?
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  • Curses of Industrial Expansion -Working Conditions -long hours, low wages, unsafe, child labor, no security, poorly ventilated, no fire codes, broke down families, no job protection, no benefits
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  • Blessings -makes the production of goods -easier, faster, cheaper (assembly line) -makes the transportation of these goods -easier, faster, cheaper -brings about the rise of -cities, industry, big business, more powerful weapons -technological advancements (inventions) -scientific discovery (medical) -allowed for women to enter the workforce -labor unions & reform laws
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Genius is one per cent inspiration, ninety-nine per cent perspiration. --Thomas Edison (1847 - 1931)
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