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Heart rate variability and social dysfunction

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These are the slides from the presentation that I gave at the Australian Association for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (AACBT) Conference in Queensland, Australia on the 17th of October, 2012.
Transcript:
  • Heart rate variability and social dysfunction Daniel S. Quintana, Andrew H. Kemp, Adam J. Guastella SCAN research & teaching unit, School of Psychology Brain & Mind Research Institute
  • BackgroundAt least half of (positive) psychologyoccurs below the neck - Martin Seligman 3
  • BackgroundIve been astonished to notice the change in patients suffering fromheart disease They will tell you that they have suddenly become low spirited, their sleep is disturbed and they are not able to take their dinner - Henry Head (1901) Brain (1901), 24(3). 3
  • Backgroundmore than a third of the worlds population is affected by mental illness at some point in life, with social impairments beingone of the most prominent and disabling features. - Mayer-Lindberg & Tost (2012) Nature Neuroscience (2012), 15(5). 3
  • BackgroundRelationship between Relationship betweenheart disease and poor social skills andmood disorders mood disorders Autonomic nervous system dysfunction 3
  • Background Social dysfunctionSheldon Cooper has problems with the expression and the comprehension of emotion
  • The autonomic nervous system The vagus nerve is part of a system that communicates between the brain and body 4
  • The autonomic nervous system Sinoatrial node 3
  • Polyvagal theory and social behaviorPorges (2007) BiologicalPsychology, 74.
  • Polyvagal theory and social behavior Middle ear muscles Eyelid opening Facial muscles Laryngeal &Porges (2007) Biological PharyngealPsychology, 74. Neck muscles turning
  • What happens in a The autonomic nervous systemsafe environment?
  • The autonomic nervous systemParasympathetic Nervous System (PNS)inhibits heart rate via the vagal brake 4
  • Whathappensduring threat?
  • Sympathetic Nervous System (SNS)stimulates heart rate via a release of the vagal brake 4
  • The autonomic nervous system Control of the vagal brake can bemeasured non-invasively at rest with an electrocardiogram (ECG) 4
  • How can we measure HRV?Polar watch + chest strap 4
  • The autonomic nervous systemHRV is the temporal variation of beats
  • A flexible structure isbetter suited to cope withenvironmental stress
  • High HRV is good
  • Is HRV is The autonomic nervous systemreduced indepression?Kemp, Quintana et al., (2010) BiologicalPsychiatry, 34 (6); Kemp, Quintana etal., (2012) PLoS One
  • Is HRV reduced in MDD?*P > 0.01 Kemp, Quintana et al., (2012) PLoS One
  • Is HRV reduced in MDD with comorbid anxiety? *P > 0.01 Kemp, Quintana et al., (2012) PLoS One
  • Is HRV is reduced inalcohol dependence? Quintana, Guastella, Kemp et al., (in press) Alcoholism: Experimental & Clinical research
  • Is HRV reduced in alcohol dependence? Summary effect sizeQuintana, Guastella, Kemp et al., (in press) Alcoholism: Experimental & Clinical research
  • Does HRVpredictemotionrecognition? Quintana, Guastella, Kemp et al., (in press) International Journal of Psychophysiology
  • Reading the Mind in the Eyes TaskIs this man terrified? upset? arrogant? annoyed? 11
  • Reading the Mind in the Eyes TaskIs this man terrified? upset? arrogant? annoyed? 11
  • HRV related to emotion recognitionQuintana, Guastella, Kemp et al., (in press) International Journal of Psychophysiology
  • Does oxytocin nasal sprayincrease HRV? Kemp, Quintana, Guastella et al., (2012) PLoS One
  • Acute oxytocin administration and HRV Kemp, Quintana, Guastella et al., (2012). PLoS One
  • Does HRVbio-feedbackincreaseHRV &reduceanxiety inmusicians? Wells, Quintana, Kemp et al., (2012) PLoS One
  • Acute oxytocin administration and HRV Wells, Quintana, Kemp et al., (2012). PLoS One
  • Acknowledgements Dr. Andrew Kemp A/Prof. Adam Guastella Prof. Iain McGregorSCAN research and teaching unit BMRI School of Psychology School of Psychology University of Sydney University of Sydney University of Sydney Prof. Gin Malhi Prof. Ian Hickie Dr. Maree Abbott Gail Alvares James Heathers Cristina Caccioti-Saija Tim Outhred Nigel Chen John Chalmers CJ Yatawara 17
  • Questions?For more info on research or any questions:Email - [email protected] http://dsquintana.com
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