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  • Heated Regenerative Desiccant DryersAEHD Externally Heated, HRE Blower Purge, and HRS-L Zero Purge Series

  • Heated Regenerative Desiccant Dryers

    Desiccant compressed air dryers use a desiccant to adsorb the watervapor in the airstream. In the twin-tower design, one tower dries the air from thecompressor, while the desiccant in the other tower is being regenerated to providecontinuous operation. Desiccant dryers are generally referred to as either heatlessor heated. Heatless dryers do not use any source of heat for regeneration otherthan heat given off during the drying, or adsorption, cycle. This is referred to as theheat of adsorption. However, heatless dryers will consume up to 15% of the processair they are drying during the regeneration cycle. Heated dryers, on the other hand,utilize an external heat source for regeneration and require little or no process air.Donaldsons three heated desiccant dryer types use different methods for heating,and subsequent cooling and repressurizing, the air used for regeneration.

    All Aircel dryers are designedto give our customers thebest value available in theindustry reliableperformance to CAGI ADF 200specification whileconsuming the lowest amountof energy possible.

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    As one of the worlds leading manufacturers of compressed air purification equipment, Aircelhas built a comprehensive engineering, manufacturing, and customer support network to meet the mostdemanding applications. With over 30 years of expertise in compressed air filtration and separationtechnologies, Aircel manufactures a complete line of drying and filtration equipment using innovative designsthat focus on energy efficient operation and reliable performance.

    Our heated and heatless desiccant dryer offering ranges from a small, compact point-of-use dryer to large,special-engineered heated dryers designed per our customers specifications.

    Heated SystemsAEHD Externally Heated Series (150 - 3,000 scfm)HRE Blower Purge Series (600 - 10,000 scfm)HRS-L Zero Purge Series (600 - 10,000 scfm)Heat of Compression Systems & Specials

    Heatless* SystemsUltrapac 2000 Series (3-60 scfm)AHLD Series (80 - 5,000 scfm)High/Low Pressure Gas/Air Systems & Specials

    HRE-5000

    AEHD-150

    * For more information on the Aircel heatless systems, please refer to respective brochure.

  • Heated Regenerative Desiccant Dryers

    1

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    the receiver and piping system. On a day when thetemperature is 90F with a relative humidity of 69%, a25-horsepower compressor will dump 13.6 gallons ofwater inside the system every 12 hours. A Donaldsonhigh quality dryer will always pay for itself byreducing air distribution system costs, lengtheningtool life, reducing maintenance downtime and systemdamage, which all contribute to quality operations.

    Why desiccant air dryers? While refrigerated compressed air dryers will achieve a pressure dew point of+33F to 40F sufficient for a broad range of industrial applications including glass blowmolding, food processing,and clean room air conditioning, desiccant dryers achieve very low levels of moisture content, on the order of-40F pressure dew point. Their cycles can be adjusted to achieve -100F pressure dew point for applicationsrequiring even lower levels of moisture, such as pneumatic paint spraying, air motors, pharmaceuticalmanufacturing, instrumentation and control systems, and cryogenic plants.

    This translates into certain size ranges where the different dryer types are commonly used:

    All air compressors, regardless of size or type,squeeze water out of the air they compress. Since ittakes about eight cubic feet of air at atmosphericpressure (14.7 psi) to make one cubic foot ofcompressed air at 100 psi, each cubic foot ofcompressed air contains eight times more water andcontaminants than the ambient air. Compressed airbecomes totally saturated and literally rains inside

    Our expert sales engineers are available to evaluate your application requirements and help you choose the bestdesiccant dryer for your needs. Whatever model you select, all Aircel compressed air dryers are built inaccordance with our high quality standards, using only superior components to ensure the long-lasting highvalue of your investment.

    10000 2000 3000 4000 scfmAirflow

    Heatless

    Externally Heated

    Blower Purge/Zero Purge

    InitialInvestment

    Cost

    Heatless Desiccant Dryer

    Externally Heated Dryer

    Blower Purge/Zero Purge

    Low

    Medium

    High

    High

    Medium

    Low

    Low

    Medium

    Medium

    OperatingCost

    MaintenanceCost

    Every compressed air system needs an air dryer.

    DryerType

  • Heated Regenerative Desiccant Dryers

    2

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    Fail-safe design: failure of power and/or pilot aircauses the purge exhaust valves to close.

    Automated dryer control sequencing using a highlyreliable programmable logic control (PLC).*

    Dryer operation and common alarms viewed on textdisplay on enclosure door for each operation andtroubleshooting.*

    Reliable non-lubricated high-performance inlet andpurge exhaust valves are:

    - 316 stainless steel angle-body piston valves (150to 500 scfm models).

    High temperature outlet check valves.

    Stainless steel body 3-way exhaust pilot solenoidvalves.

    ASME code desiccant towers (6 vessels and larger).

    Repressurization valve and circuit for equalpressurization prior to switch over.

    The Aircel AEHD Series ExternallyHeated Desiccant Compresssed AirDryer is a fully automatic, PLC controlled, self-contained unit offering a fail-safe design in theevent of power interruption and/or air loss, the purgeexhaust valves close preventing damage to the dryerand the process. The combination of 1) high moisturecapacity, premium grade, high crush strengthactivated alumina used in 2) optimally sized ASMEcode desiccant towers providing low velocity andhigh contact time through the adsorbent beds deliverslong service life and consistent performance.

    Tower pressure gauges.

    Tower safety valves for over pressure protection.

    Removable, stainless steel desiccant bed supportscreens.

    Low watt density (15-22 watt/in2) heater withIncoloy** sheath elements for long life andcorrosion resistance.

    Separate safety heater back-up contactor (from theheater cycling contactor) will open with the heaterhigh limit alarm and de-energize the heater in theevent of a catastrophic failure.

    1-1/2 thick fiberglass insulation with aluminumjacket on dryer vessels, hot air lines, and heater foroptimum performance, protection, and durability.

    Features

    * See page 4 for more PLC and electrical features.** Incoloy is a registered trademark of Special Metals Corporation

    AEHD-150

  • Heated Regenerative Desiccant Dryers

    F1

    V1

    T1 T2

    V5 P3

    P5 P4

    P1 P2

    V6

    V3 V4

    F2

    V2

    Air In

    Air Out

    Filtering and drying incoming air. Hot, saturatedcompressed air is filtered as it passes through our0.01 micron high-efficiency coalescing prefilter(F1, recommended option) before entering the dryer.Compressed air continues through the inlet valve (V1),is dried in the desiccant tower (T1), and exits throughan outlet valve (V5) and final particulate filter(F2, recommended option), while the other desiccanttower (T2) is being regenerated.

    DDeessiiccccaanntt rreeggeenneerraatteedd iinn TT22.. A portion of the dried air isdiverted through purge valve (P3) at near atmosphericpressure and heated by the electric heater (or optionalsteam heater) to 400F before passing throughregeneration valve (V4) and into the regeneration tower(T2). The heated air removes moisture vapor from thedesiccant surface.

    Dryer operation is performed automatically by aprogrammable logic controller (PLC). The standard dryingand regeneration time cycle is 8 hours. While one toweris drying incoming compressed air for 4 hours, the othertower is regenerating for 3 hours (heating time), thencooling for 50 minutes, and finally repressurizing to theline pressure for 10 minutes before switching over to theother tower. Switching from one tower to the other isperformed only when both desiccant towers are at linepressure to prevent line surge and to minimize desiccantabrasion.

    How The AEHD Series Works

    Recommended Installation

    3

    RIGHT TOWER DRYINGLEFT TOWER REGENERATING

    AirCompressor

    Separator

    DrainValve

    Regenerative Dryer

    DrainValve

    DrainValve

    Afterfilter

    Dry Airto Plant

    Prefilter

    Air orWaterCooledAftercooler

    AirReceiver

    (Wet)

    AirReceiver

    (Dry)

    DrainValve

  • Heated Regenerative Desiccant Dryers

    4

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    Dryer operation indicators shown in textdisplay on enclosure door for ease of operation andtroubleshooting listed below (RT = Right Tower;LT = Left Tower):

    RT drying LT drying RT depress LT depress RT heating LT heating RT cooling LT cooling

    RT repress LT repress RT dry air cooling LT dry air cooling RT in standby* LT in standby* Dryer hour meter

    Dryer common alarms viewed in text displayand turn on visual common alarm lights listed below:

    Heater high limit Purge air high limit Dryer hour meter High humidity (optional) Heater overload trip RT fail to depress or RT high press LT fail to depress or LT high press

    RT drying low press LT drying low press RT fail to repress LT fail to repress Low press on RT dry or LT standby* Low press on LT dry or RT standby*

    Switches and lights mounted on enclosure door:

    Power on light Common alarm light Power OFF/ON switch Step cycle switch (for manually advancingdryer sequence for troubleshooting)

    Alarm rese

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