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  • HOGAN LOVELLS US LLP

    ATTO RN EY S AT LA W

    LOS A NG EL ES

    [PROPOSED] AMICI CURIAE BRIEF

    CASE NO. 4:19-CV-04717

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    HOGAN LOVELLS US LLP Michelle Roberts Gonzales (Bar No. 292075) 1999 Avenue of the Stars, Suite 1400 Los Angeles, California 90067 Telephone: (310) 785-4670 Facsimile: (310) 785-4601 [email protected] Sean Marotta (pro hac vice application pending) 555 Thirteenth Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20004 Telephone: (202) 637-4881 Facsimile: (202) 637 5910 [email protected] Attorneys for Amici Curiae THE AMERICAN HOSPITAL ASSOCIATION, AMERICA’S ESSENTIAL HOSPITALS, ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN MEDICAL COLLEGES, CATHOLIC HEALTH ASSOCIATION OF THE UNITED STATES, THE CHILDREN’S HOSPITAL ASSOCIATION, AND THE FEDERATION OF AMERICAN HOSPITALS

    UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT

    NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA

    CITY AND COUNTY OF SAN FRANCISCO and COUNTY OF SANTA CLARA,

    Plaintiffs,

    v.

    U.S. CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES, et al.,

    Defendants.

    Case No. 4:19-cv-04717

    [PROPOSED] AMICI CURIAE BRIEF OF THE AMERICAN HOSPITAL ASSOCIATION, AMERICA’S ESSENTIAL HOSPITALS, ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN MEDICAL COLLEGES, CATHOLIC HEALTH ASSOCIATION OF THE UNITED STATES, THE CHILDREN’S HOSPITAL ASSOCIATION, AND THE FEDERATION OF AMERICAN HOSPITALS

    Case 4:19-cv-04717-PJH Document 70-1 Filed 09/11/19 Page 1 of 22

  • HOGAN LOVELLS US LLP

    ATTO RN EY S AT LA W

    LOS A NG EL ES

    - i - [PROPOSED] AMICI CURIAE BRIEF

    CASE NO. 4:19-CV-04717

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Page

    INTEREST OF AMICI CURIAE .................................................................................................... 1

    SUMMARY OF ARGUMENT ....................................................................................................... 3

    ARGUMENT ................................................................................................................................... 4

    I. THE NEW PUBLIC CHARGE DEFINITION WILL DETER MILLIONS OF IMMIGRANTS AND THEIR FAMILIES, INCLUDING U.S. CITIZEN CHILDREN FROM ACCEPTING AND USING HEALTH CARE AND OTHER SERVICES TO WHICH THEY ARE LEGALLY ENTITLED, YET DHS UNJUSTIFIABLY REFUSED TO CONSIDER THOSE MILLIONS IN PROMULGATING THE PUBLIC CHARGE RULE. ........................................................ 4

    II. THE PUBLIC CHARGE RULE WILL HARM PATIENTS AND THE HOSPITALS THEY RELY ON FOR CARE. ..................................................................... 8

    A. Reduced Participation In Public Benefits Programs Will Negatively Affect The Health And Financial Stability Of Immigrant Families And Impair The Healthy Development Of Children. ............................................................................. 8

    B. Reduced Participation In Public Benefits Programs Will Also Increase Uncompensated Care, Straining Hospital Resources And Preventing Hospitals From Adequately Investing In Their Communities. .................................. 12

    III. THE NEW PUBLIC-CHARGE DEFINITION UNDERMINES CONGRESS’S INTENT TO REDUCE THE UNINSURED POPULATION AND THE RULE’S GOAL OF PROMOTING IMMIGRANTS’ SELF-SUFFICIENCY. ............................... 14

    CONCLUSION .............................................................................................................................. 16

    Case 4:19-cv-04717-PJH Document 70-1 Filed 09/11/19 Page 2 of 22

  • HOGAN LOVELLS US LLP

    ATTO RN EY S AT LA W

    LOS A NG EL ES

    - ii - [PROPOSED] AMICI CURIAE BRIEF

    CASE NO. 4:19-CV-04717

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    TABLE OF AUTHORITIES

    Page

    Cases:

    D.C. Hosp. Ass’n v. District of Columbia,

    224 F.3d 776 (D.C. Cir. 2000) ..................................................................................................14

    Encino Motorcars, LLC v. Navarro,

    136 S. Ct. 2117 (2016) ................................................................................................................7

    Gebhart v. SEC,

    595 F.3d 1034 (9th Cir. 2010) .....................................................................................................7

    Harris v. Board of Supervisors,

    366 F.3d 754 (9th Cir. 2004) .....................................................................................................11

    Michigan v. EPA,

    135 S. Ct. 2699 (2015) ................................................................................................................7

    National Fed’n of Indep. Bus. v. Sebelius,

    567 U.S. 519 (2012) ..................................................................................................................14

    State v. Azar,

    385 F. Supp. 3d 960, 969 (N.D. Cal. 2019) ..............................................................................11

    State v. Bureau of Land Mgmt.,

    286 F. Supp. 3d 1054, 1076 (N.D. Cal. 2018) ..........................................................................11

    Virginia, Dep’t of Med. Assistance Servs. v. Johnson,

    609 F. Supp. 2d 1 (D.D.C. 2009) ..............................................................................................15

    Whitman v. American Trucking Ass’ns,

    531 U.S. 457 (2001) ..................................................................................................................15

    Statutes and Regulations:

    8 U.S.C. § 1612(b) ..........................................................................................................................14

    42 U.S.C. § 1396a(a)(13)(A)(iv) .....................................................................................................15

    42 U.S.C. § 18091(2)(C) .................................................................................................................14

    42 U.S.C. § 18091(2)(D) .................................................................................................................14

    42 U.S.C. § 18091(2)(E) .................................................................................................................14

    42 U.S.C. § 18091(2)(F) .................................................................................................................14

    42 U.S.C. § 18091(2)(G) .................................................................................................................14

    Case 4:19-cv-04717-PJH Document 70-1 Filed 09/11/19 Page 3 of 22

  • HOGAN LOVELLS US LLP

    ATTO RN EY S AT LA W

    LOS A NG EL ES

    - iii - [PROPOSED] AMICI CURIAE BRIEF

    CASE NO. 4:19-CV-04717

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    8 C.F.R. § 212.21(a) ..........................................................................................................................5

    8 C.F.R. § 212.21(b) .........................................................................................................................9

    1999 Field Guidance on Deportability and Inadmissibility on Public Charge

    Grounds, 64 Fed. Reg. 28,689 (May 26, 1999) ........................................................................16

    Inadmissibility on Public Charge Grounds, 83 Fed. Reg. 51,114 (proposed Oct. 10,

    2018) ...................................................................................................................................5, 7, 9

    Inadmissibility on Public Charge Grounds, 84 Fed. Reg. 41,292 (Aug. 14, 2019) ................ passim

    Other Authorities:

    America’s Essential Hospitals, Comment Letter on Proposed Rule: Inadmissibility

    on Public Charge Grounds, DHS Dkt. No. USCIS-2010-0012 (Dec. 10, 2018),

    available at https://www.regulations.gov/document?D=USCIS-2010-0012-

    45033 .........................................................................................................................................13

    American Hosp. Ass’n, The Importance of Health Coverage (Nov. 2018),

    available at https://www.aha.org/system/files/media/file/2019/04/report-

    coverage-overview-2018.pdf .............................

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