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Homer’s The Odyssey

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Homer’s The Odyssey. Building Background. The Odyssey. By definition an odyssey means a long voyage or journey with many changes in fortune. The Odyssey is an epic poem about a Trojan War hero named Odysseus on his way home after the war. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
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  • *Homers The OdysseyBuilding Background

  • The Odyssey By definition an odyssey means a long voyage or journey with many changes in fortune.

    The Odyssey is an epic poem about a Trojan War hero named Odysseus on his way home after the war.

    What do you already know about his journey home?

    *

  • *Before traditional literature . . .Stories were shared through an oral tradition.

  • *Oral TraditionWritten literature grew out of the oral tradition, the passing of stories, poems, and sayings by word of mouth. Around campfires and at other gatherings, people told tales about love, ambition, and friendship.Expressing their human concerns in stories, they explored universal themes, insights into life that are true for many different times and cultures.

  • *Some Universal Themes . . .The importance of heroismThe strength of loyaltyThe power of loveThe dangers of greed

    Can you find a connection to any of these themes in modern literature or movies?

  • *Myths and LegendsMyth explains the actions of gods and the humans who interact with them.

    Legends are tales that recount the adventures of a human hero and are usually based on historical truth.

  • *The Greek Gods & Goddesses

  • *EPIC POEMA long narrative poem that tells the story of an epic heroOnly contain some truth - not a work of factual historyPortrays the past, but it is an imaginary pastExpresses the values, ideals, and behaviors of the society and culture in which they are set.

  • *EPIC HEROIs both helped and harmed by interfering godsPossesses superhuman strength and craftinessIs admired by society and cultureEmerges victorious from perilous situations

  • *The Epic HeroFor all the good characteristics he may possess, the epic hero also has his faults; he is not perfect!

    His human faults may include being:overly curious foolishly cockyshort-tempered

  • The EPIC Plot & SettingEpic plots involve long journeys, filled with complications.Strange CreaturesDivine InterventionLarge-Scale EventsTreacherous WeatherEpic settings include:Fantastic or exotic landsInvolves more than one nation

    *

  • EPIC ThemesCommon themes found in epics include:CourageThe fate of a nationA homecomingBeautyLoyaltyLife and death

    *

  • *The Odyssey before it was written . . .Greeks did not experience The Odyssey in its written version. The Odyssey was originally shared though performances by master storytellers, and two techniques were used to help storytellers remember the LONG epic poem (12,000 lines) and to keep audience members interested in the story. Epic Simile EpithetAllusions

  • Literary Devices of FocusSimile a simile is a comparison between two unlike things using the words like or as Homer liked to make similes go on and on, sometime for several lines; this is an EPIC SIMILE a simile with a lot of detail that can go on for several lines

    *

  • * Literary Devices of FocusAn epithet is a:Brief, descriptive phrase that helps to characterize a particular person or thingOdysseus is described as a master mariner or raider of citiesZeus is described as Lord of OlympusThe Muse is known as Daughter of ZeusCan you think of an epithet for yourself?

  • Literary Devices of FocusTo help the audience picture what is being described, a poet might make an allusion to something they already know.An allusion is a reference to a famous person, place, or event. The author expects the reader or audience to recognize the allusion.*

  • The END

    Extra slides follow not intended for this presentation*

  • The Heros Journey

  • *The EPICA long narrative poem that tells the story of an epic hero. Epics works of the imagination and are often based on legends that contain some truth, but they are not works of factual history.Epics portray the past, but it is an imaginary past.Epics express the values, ideals, and behaviors of the society and culture in which they are set.

  • *In the Middle of Things . . .

    Many epics begin in medias res (in the middle of things), meaning that major events occurred before the poem begins.

    The heros adventures are often recounted in a flashback.

    The epic heros traits are developed by what he says in narration and dialogue, and by his actions.

    ***********

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