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How Do We Plan for, Compete and Prosper in a Green Economy Economic and Environmental Benefits of...

Date post:26-Mar-2015
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How Do We Plan for, Compete and Prosper in a Green Economy Economic and Environmental Benefits of Green Development Slide 2 Presented By: John C. Cappello Slide 3 Green Technology Available to the Hudson Valley Slide 4 Solar Wind Geothermal Biomass/Gasification Retro-fitting Weatherization Energy Star Recycling Facility upgrades Alternative Vehicles Transportation Oriented Development. Types of Green Technology Slide 5 Economic Benefits of Green Technology $$$$$$$ Slide 6 Reduced Energy $$$$ How much energy reduction in a school district is needed to save a teachers job? In the Town of Newfane in Western New York, a new elementary school was constructed using geothermal heating and cooling, saving the school district $65,000 per year in energy costs. Slide 7 How many jobs do we create to create the energy savings that save a teachers job? Slide 8 Direct Jobs Created Construction Manufacturing Management Sales Installation Slide 9 Direct Jobs Created Maintenance Power Distribution Support Staff Slide 10 Green Home Jobs Plumbers Carpenters Electricians Financial Institutions Home Services Slide 11 INDIRECT JOBS Retail Grocery Store Personal Services Restaurants Accountants Doctors Dentists Slide 12 IMPROVED ECONOMY ENERGY SAVINGS MORE SPENDING MORE JOBS Slide 13 INCREASED TAX REVENUES MORE SPENDING MORE TAX REVENUE INCREASED PUBLIC SERVICES INCREASED PROPERTY VALUES Slide 14 THEY ALL NEED ATTORNEYS Slide 15 And you just might save the earth! Slide 16 How do we effectively attract these technologies and the jobs they bring to the Hudson Valley? Slide 17 PLAN PROACTIVELY, NOT REACTIVELY Slide 18 WHAT DO WE NEED? Slide 19 SOLAR (INDIVIDUAL HOMES/BUSINESSES) Solar access Permissive Zoning Codes Siting Solar access protection Building Codes Insure Proper Installation Promote financing opportunities NYSERDA assistance Buy back provisions Slide 20 SOLAR FARMS Comprehensive Planning Land 7-8 acres per each megawatt End users/distribution system Zoning Essential service Utility Special Use Financing Slide 21 Think Outside the Box! How about Solar farms on Roofs in an Industrial Corridor? Slide 22 Slide 23 SOLAR PANEL MANUFACTURERS Comprehensive Planning Zoning Does it constitute a nuisance? Modify definition Infrastructure Sewer Water Road, railroad distribution Slide 24 GEOTHERMAL Understand Technology Educate code enforcement officer Permitting DEC Groundwater protection Provision for local manufacturing Slide 25 BIOMASS/RECYCLING Zoning Nuisance uses? Where can they be accomodated? What are appropriate conditions? Public Education Gasification Ethanol/methane recapture Slide 26 Anaerobic Digester Produces heat and electricity that is then used to operate the wastewater treatment plant. Photo courtesy of H. LaFever, Sterns and Wheler Slide 27 WIND INDIVIDUAL TURBINES Comprehensive Plan Where are the wind corridors? Zoning Height issues Noise Visual impact Environmental Safety Slide 28 Commercial Wind Farms Comprehensive Plan Zoning Similar to individual wind turbines Large land area Proximity to transmission lines/distribution Slide 29 New Technologies Slide 30 Wastewater Improvements Incorporate green design elements to improve existing plants Gasification of sludge on site Geothermal/solar electricity and heating Slide 31 PLANNING TOOLS The Tommy Tedesco Portion of the Presentation* * The same principles apply to affordable housing, transportation oriented development, open space preservation Slide 32 Transportation Oriented Development Smart Growth Principles of Smart Growth Provide a Variety of Transportation Choices Mix Land Uses Create a Range of Housing Opportunities and Choices Create Walkable Neighborhoods Encourage Community and Stakeholder Collaboration Foster Distinctive, Attractive Communities with a Strong Sense of Place Make Development Decisions Predictable, Fair and Cost Effective Preserve Open Space, Farmland, Natural Beauty and Critical Environmental Areas Strengthen and Direct Development Towards Existing Communities Take Advantage of Compact Building Design and Efficient Infrastructure Design Slide 33 Growth Calculations * taken from Sierraclub.org Households per acre103.5 (2 acre zoning) Land Used - acres per 1000 households1003332000 Roads & Sidewalks - Sq. Yds/1000 households 70,000233,3331,400,000 Service & Retail Employees per acre51.60.4 Transit Service (avg. busses/hour)1900 Vehicles per household1.642.212.54 Parking spaces per household11.114.218.9 Average vehicle miles traveled/household/year 16,396.123,552.4 Gas (avg. gallons per household)82011781,412 Auto Costs - fuel3361$4,828$2,824 Auto Costs total$12,938$17,283$19,909 Greenhouse Gases/household/year (tons)11.516.519.8 Slide 34 ZONING Comprehensive Planning Prepare a comprehensive plan that designates transportation hubs and sets development guidelines encouraging development in such areas. Authority: Town Law Section 272-a; Village Law Section 7-722(3)(h); General Cities Law Section 28- a(4)(h) Adopt appropriate zoning to encourage growth around transportation hubs while setting appropriate standards, guidelines and conditions for such development. Authority: Town Law Section 261; Village Law Section 7-700; General Cities Law Section 20 Incentives for Green Development Density increases Transfer of Development Rights Fee-bates/reduced review fees for use of green technology Slide 35 INTER-MUNICIPAL PLANNING TOOLS Provide for inter-municipal cooperation to accomplish all of the above tasks in concert with adjoining municipalities along areas that cross municipal boundaries. Authority: Town Law Section 284; Village Law Section 7-741 Promote annexations of land from Towns to Villages and/or Cities to facilitate provisions of necessary services. Authority: General Municipal Law Section 700 et. Seq. Create appropriate taxing districts within towns to facilitate construction of improvements and infrastructure to accommodate development Water storage and distribution districts, Town Law Section 109-a Sewage Disposal Districts Town Law Section 190-b Finance road improvements, including provisions of sidewalks, Town Law 200 Slide 36 PROACTIVE USE OF SEQRA Proposed SEQR mandates to address greenhouse gas emissions Pre-approve or set development environmental thresholds for development by utilizing SEQR to prepare generic EIS. Authority: Environmental Conservation Law and Regulations, 6 NYCRR 617.10. Note: Cost for preparing such generic environmental assessment impact statement can be charged back to specific applicants pursuant to 6 NYCRR 617.13(a) Mitigation Require green technologies Slide 37 BUILDING CODES Requiring energy efficiency in new homes/rehabs LEED Energy Star Review standards for green technologies

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