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I have 7 triangles, 1 each of: acute scalene, acute isosceles, equilateral, right scalene, right...

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- Slide 1
- I have 7 triangles, 1 each of: acute scalene, acute isosceles, equilateral, right scalene, right isosceles, obtuse scalene, obtuse isosceles. If I ask a student to draw any random triangle, find: (1)P(exactly 2 sides congruent) = (2)P(at least 2 angles congruent) = (3)P(2 different triangles with no sides congruent) =
- Slide 2
- Agenda Go over warm up. Exploration 8.1--share answers Review geometry concepts Discuss attributes: Quadrilateral Hierarchy Exploration 8.6. More practice problems. Assign homework.
- Slide 3
- How did you group the polygons? For kids talk about attributes Shape: # sides, special quadrilaterals Convex or non-convex (1 or 2) Pair of parallel sides (1 or 2) Pair of congruent sides (1 or 2) Pair of perpendicular sides Nothing special about it. Cannot do any proof or justification if kids cant classify and describe similarities and differences.
- Slide 4
- How do I use a protractor? I forgot! Line up the center and line. 0 180 180 0 135 45 45 135 90
- Slide 5
- Can you Sketch a pair of angles whose intersection is: a.exactly two points? b.exactly three points? c.exactly four points? If it is not possible to sketch one or more of these figures, explain why.
- Slide 6
- Use Geoboards On your geoboard, copy the given segment. Then, create a parallel line and a perpendicular line if possible. Describe how you know your answer is correct.
- Slide 7
- Exploration 8.6 Do part 1 using the pattern blocks--make sure your justifications make sense. You may not use a protractor for part 1. Once your group agrees on the angle measures for each polygon, trace each onto your paper, and measure the angles with a protractor. List 5 or more reasons for your protractor measures to be slightly off.
- Slide 8
- Given m // n. T or F: 7 and 4 are vertical. T or F: 1 4 T or F: 2 3 T or F: m 7 + m 6 = m 1 T or F: m 7 = m 6 + m 5 If m 5 = 35, find all the angles you can. If m 5 = 35, label each angle as acute, right, obtuse. Describe at least one reflex angle. 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 m n
- Slide 9
- More practice problems Sketch four lines such that three are concurrent with each other and two are parallel to each other.
- Slide 10
- True or False If 2 distinct lines do not intersect, then they are parallel. If 2 lines are parallel, then a single plane contains them. If 2 lines intersect, then a single plane contains them. If a line is perpendicular to a plane, then it is perpendicular to all lines in that plane. If 3 lines are concurrent, then they are also coplanar.
- Slide 11
- Pythagorean Theorem Remember the Pythagorean Theorem? a 2 + b 2 = c 2 where c is the hypotenuse in a right triangle. Use your geoboard to make a right triangle whose hypotenuse is the square root of 5.
- Slide 12
- Solution If a 2 + b 2 = c 2 is to be used, we want a right triangle whose hypotenuse is square root of 5. So, a 2 + b 2 = 5. If you do not use a geoboard, there are lots of answers. 5
- Slide 13
- Van Hiele levels Formal study of geometry in high school requires that students are familiar and comfortable with many different aspects of elementary and middle school geometry. Visualization, analysis, informal deduction are all necessary prior to high school geometry. This means students need to categorize, classify, compare and contrast, and make predictions about figures based upon their attributes.
- Slide 14
- Attributes Early childhood: Size: big--little Thickness: thin--thick Colors: red-yellow-blue-etc. Shape: triangle, rectangle, square, circle, etc. Texture: rough--smooth Why do we need this??? READING!!
- Slide 15
- Talk about polygons What is a polygon?
- Slide 16
- Polygon A simple, closed, plane figure composed of at least 3 line segments. Why are each of the figures below not polygons?
- Slide 17
- Convex vs. Non-convex Both are hexagons. One is convex. One is non-convex. Look at diagonals: segments connecting non-consecutive vertices. Boundary, interior, exterior
- Slide 18
- Names of polygons! Triangle Quadrilateral Pentagon Hexagon Heptagon (Septagon) Octagon Nonagon (Ennagon) Decagon 11-gon Dodecagon
- Slide 19
- Triangle Attributes Sides: equilateral, isosceles, scalene Angles: acute, obtuse, right. Can you draw an acute, scalene triangle? Can you draw an obtuse, isosceles triangle? Can you draw an obtuse equilateral triangle?
- Slide 20
- One Attribute of Triangles The Triangle Angle Sum is 180. This is a theorem because it can be proven. Exploration 8.10--do Part 1 #1 - 3 and Part 2.
- Slide 21
- Diagonals, and interior angle sum Triangle Quadrilateral Pentagon Hexagon Heptagon (Septagon) Octagon Nonagon (Ennagon) Decagon 11-gon Dodecagon
- Slide 22
- Congruence vs. Similarity Two figures are congruent if they are exactly the same size and shape. Think: If I can lay one on top of the other, and it fits perfectly, then they are congruent. Question: Are these two figures congruent? Similar: Same shape, but maybe different size.
- Slide 23
- Quadrilateral Hierarchy
- Slide 24
- Quadrilaterals Look at Exploration 8.13. Do 2a, 3a - f. Use these categories for 2a: At least 1 right angle 4 right angles 1 pair parallel sides 2 pair parallel sides 1 pair congruent sides 2 pair congruent sides Non-convex
- Slide 25
- Exploration 8.13 Lets do f together: In the innermost region, all shapes have 4 equal sides. In the middle region, all shapes have 2 pairs of equal sides. Note that if a figure has 4 equal sides, then it also has 2 pairs of equal sides. But the converse is not true. In the outermost region, figures have a pair of equal sides. In the universe are the figures with no equal sides.
- Slide 26
- Warm Up Use your geoboard to make: 1. A hexagon with exactly 2 right angles 2. A hexagon with exactly 4 right angles. 3. A hexagon with exactly 5 right angles. Can you make different hexagons for each case?
- Slide 27
- Warm-up part 2 1. Can you make a non-convex quadrilateral? 2. Can you make a non-simple closed curve? 3. Can you make a non-convex pentagon with 3 collinear vertices?
- Slide 28
- Warm-up Part 3 Given the diagram at the right, name at least 6 different polygons using their vertices. E G F D C B A
- Slide 29
- Agenda Go over warm up. Complete discussion of 2-Dimensional Geometry Polyhedra attributes Exploration 8.15 and 8.17 Examining the Regular Polyhedra 3 Dimensions require 3 views Assign Homework
- Slide 30
- Quadrilateral Hierarchy Do the worksheet.
- Slide 31
- Some formulas--know how they work. Number of degrees in a polygon: Take 1 point and draw all the diagonals. Triangles are formed. Each triangle has 180. So, (n - 2)180 is the number of degrees in a polygon. If the polygon is regular, then each angle is (n - 2) 180/n.
- Slide 32
- Some formulas--know how they work. Distance formula: This is related to the Pythagorean Theorem. a 2 + b 2 = c 2, then c = a 2 + b 2.If a 2 + b 2 = c 2, then c = a 2 + b 2. Now, if a is the distance from left to right, and b is the distance from top to bottom, then the distance formula makes sense.Now, if a is the distance from left to right, and b is the distance from top to bottom, then the distance formula makes sense.
- Slide 33
- Some formulas--know how they work. The distance formula is A B (x1, y1) (x2, y2) (x2 - x1) 2 + (y2 - y1) 2
- Slide 34
- Some formulas--know how they work. Midpoint formula: If the midpoint is half way between two points, then we are finding the average of the left and right, and the average of the up and down. Midpoint: (x2 + x1), (y2 + y1) 2 2
- Slide 35
- Some formulas--know how they work. Slope of a line: change in left and right compared to the change in up and down. m = (y2 - y1) (x2 - x1)
- Slide 36
- Discuss answers to Explorations 8.11 and 8.13 8.11 1a - c 3a: pair 1: same area, not congruent; pair 2: different area, not congruent; Pair 3: congruent--entire figure is rotated 180.
- Slide 37
- More practice problems Think of an analog clock. A. How many times a day will the minute hand be directly on top of the hour hand? B.What times could it be when the two hands make a 90 angle? C.What angle do the hands make at 7:00? 3:30? 2:06?

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