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IPCC Tier - oversee the IPCC National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme (IPCC-NGGIP). The core...

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  • IPCC Tier - definition

  • What is the UNFCCC?

     Adopted in 1992, entered into force in 1994. 196 signatory countries (2014)

     provides a framework for negotiating specific international treaties (called "protocols") that may set binding limits on greenhouse gases.

     One of the first tasks set by the UNFCCC was for signatory nations to establish national greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories which include both emissions and removals

    United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

  • Goal and objectives of the UNFCCC

     What is the overall goal?

    “ to protect the climate system for the benefit of present and future generations of mankind. ”

     What are the further objectives?

    “ to achieve stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. ”

  • What is the IPCC?

     Established by WMO and UNEP in 1988

     Open to all member countries of the United Nations

     Does not conduct research or monitor but assessment of published

    literature

     Provide rigorous and balanced scientific information to decision-makers

     IPCC reports are policy relevant and policy neutral; they are never policy

    prescriptive

     Nobel Peace Prize winner in 2007

    Introduction

    http://www.cifor.org/swamptoolbox/home.html http://www.cifor.org/swamptoolbox/home.html http://www.grida.no/publications/vg/climate/page/3069.aspx http://www.grida.no/publications/vg/climate/page/3069.aspx

  • Role of the IPCC

    To assess on a comprehensive, objective and transparent basis the scientific, technical and socio- economic information relevant to understanding the scientific basis of climate change, its potential impacts and options for adaptation and mitigation

  • IPCC organization

  • Task force on national GHG inventories (TFI)

     Task Force on National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (TFI) was established by the IPCC to oversee the IPCC National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme (IPCC-NGGIP).

     The core activity is to:

     develop and refine an internationally-agreed methodology for the calculation and reporting of national GHG emissions and removals

     encourage its use by countries participating in the IPCC and by parties of UNFCCC.

     The NGGIP also established and maintains an Emission Factor Database.

    Guidelines for national greenhouse gas inventories

    http://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/2006gl/

  • What are the IPCC guidelines?

    IPCC Guidelines for national GHG inventories

     Consistent methods for countries to account for:

    - GHG emissions

    - Changes in carbon stocks

    - Changes in land use that result in changes in GHG emissions and/or carbon stocks

     For all sectors including:

    energy; transport; buildings; industry; agriculture, forestry, and other land- use (AFOLU); and waste management

  • IPCC guidelines for national GHG inventories for land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF)

     2013 Supplement to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National

    Greenhouse Gas Inventories: Wetlands

     2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventory

     2003 Good Practice Guidance (GPG) for Land Use, Land-Use

    Change and Forestry

     Definitions and Methodological Options to Inventory Emissions

    from Direct Human-induced Degradation of Forests and

    Devegetation of Other VegetationTypes

     2000 IPCC Good Practice Guidance (GPG) and Uncertainty

    Management in National Greenhouse Gas Inventories

     1996 IPCC Revised Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas

    Inventory

    http://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/wetlands/index.html http://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/2006gl/ http://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/gpglulucf/gpglulucf.html http://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/gpglulucf/degradation.html http://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/gp/english/index.html http://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/gl/invs1.html

  • GHG inventory: Agriculture, forestry and other land use

    Forest land Cropland Grassland

    SettlementsWetlands Other Lands

  • ha/year x tonne/ha = tonne/year

    Estimation of carbon emissions and removals involve two factors:

  • What is a Tier?

    • A tier represents a level of methodological complexity

    • Tier 1 is the basic method

    • Tier 2 is intermediate

    • Tier 3 is the most demanding in term of complexity and data requirements

    MORE ACCURATE

  • 3 hierarchical methodological tiers (IPCC Def)

    Tier 1: A simple first order approach (GLOBAL DEFAULT) that uses spatially coarse default data

    based on globally available data characterized by large uncertainties and sometimes with

    methods involving several simplifying assumptions;

    Tier 2: A more accurate approach (LOCAL DEFAULT) substituting country or region specific values for

    the general defaults and more disaggregated activity data characterized by relatively smaller

    uncertainties;

    Tier 3: Higher order methods involving detailed modeling and/or inventory measurement systems

    driven by data at a greater resolution that provide estimates with lower uncertainties than the

    previous two methods.

    (GPG-LULUCF and 2006 Guidelines )

  • IPCC tier 1 biomass values

    The default carbon fraction = 0.47 Source: IPCC (2006)

  • IPCC tier 2 biomass values of Thailand

    Source: Kasetsart University Faculty of Forestry [KUFF] (2010)

    Tier 2

  • Carbon stock in aboveground biomass of forest in Thailand

    in 2008 (Tier 1)

    TIER1 TIER 2

    ABG biomass CF carbon stock ABG biomass CF carbon stock

    FOREST TYPE (t dry matter/ha) (tC/ha) (t dry matter/ha) (tC/ha)

    Evergreen 280 0.47 132 238 0.48 114

    Mangrove 192 0.451 87 174 0.47 82

    Mixed Deciduous 180 0.47 85 198 0.49 97

    Dry dipterocarp 130 0.47 61 106 0.51 54

  • 2.1. Deforestation AEZ map Zone 1 = Tropical rain forest Zone 2 = Tropical moist deciduous forest Zone 3 = Tropical dry forest Zone 4 = Tropical shrubland

    Type of vegetation HWP# Fire Use? Forested area (ha) Deforested area (ha) Balance

    that will be deforested (tDM/ha) (y/n) Start Without * With * Without With Without With

    Forest Zone 1 0 NO 2000 0 D 2000 D 2000 0 385,502 0 -385,502

    Mangrove 0 NO 1000 0 D 1000 D 1000 0 161,550 0 -161,550

    Forest Zone 2 0 NO 500 0 D 500 D 500 0 58,748 0 -58,748

    Forest Zone 3 0 NO 50 0 D 50 D 50 0 4,540 0 -4,540

    Select the vegetation 0 NO 0 0 D 0 D 0 0 0 0 0

    Select the vegetation 0 NO 0 0 D 0 D 0 0 0 0 0

    Select the vegetation 0 NO 0 0 D 0 D 0 0 0 0 0

    Select the vegetation 0 NO 0 0 D 0 D 0 0 0 0 0

    #Harvested Wood Products * Note concerning dynamics of change : "D" corresponds to default/linear, "I" to immediate and "E" to exponential (Please refer to the guidelines)

    Total Deforestation 610,340 0 -610,340

    Total Emissions (tCO2-eq)

    Set aside

    Set aside

    Set aside

    Select Use after deforestation

    Final use after deforestation

    Set aside

    Select Use after deforestation

    Select Use after deforestation

    Select Use after deforestation

    ?

    Tier 2

    ???

    Uncertainty level

    % of uncertainty

    Without 610,340 37.2

    With 0

    Net balance -610,340 37.2

    Gross fluxes

  • Use this part only if you want to refine the analysis with Tier 2 coefficients.

    (default values are provided for your information only, while EX-ACT will use Tier 2 values automatically wherever specified)

    Type of vegetation

    that will be deforested Above-ground

    Default Tier 2

    Forest Zone 1 131.6 114.4

    Forest Zone 2 84.6 96.8

    Forest Zone 3 61.1 54.3

    Forest Zone 4 28.2

    Plantation Zone 1 70.5

    Plantation Zone 2 56.4

    Plantation Zone 3 28.2

    Plantation Zone 4 14.1

    Mangrove 86.6 81.6

    2.1. Deforestation AEZ map Zone 1 = Tropical rain forest Zone 2 = Tropical moist deciduous forest Zone 3 = Tropical dry forest Zone 4 = Tropical shrubland

    Type of vegetation HWP# Fire Use? Forested area (ha) Deforested area (ha) Balance

    that will be deforested (tDM/ha) (y/n) Start Without * With * Without With Without With

    Forest Zone 1 0 NO 2000 0 D 2000 D 2000 0 351,003 0 -351,003

    Mangrove 0 NO 1000 0 D 1000 D 1000 0 156,597 0 -156,597

    Forest Zone 2 0 NO 500 0 D 500 D 500 0 64,860 0 -64,860

    Forest Zone 3 0 NO 50 0 D 50 D 50 0 4,198 0 -4,198

    Select the vegetation 0 NO 0 0 D 0 D 0 0 0 0 0

    Select the vegetation 0 NO 0 0 D 0 D 0 0 0 0 0

    Select the vegetation 0 NO 0 0 D 0 D 0 0 0 0 0

    Select the vegetation 0 NO 0 0 D 0 D 0 0 0 0 0

    #Harvested Wood Products * Note concerning dynamics of change : "D" corresponds to default/linear, "I" to immediate and "E" to exponential (Please refer to the guidelines)

    Total Deforestation 576,658 0 -576,658

    Total Emissions (tCO2-eq)

    Set aside

    Set aside

    Set aside

    Select Use after deforestation

    Final use after def

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