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IRRESPONSIBLE VS. RESPONSIBLE USE OF ALCOHOL AND MISSION IMPACT.

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IRRESPONSIBLE VS. IRRESPONSIBLE VS. RESPONSIBLE USE OF RESPONSIBLE USE OF ALCOHOL ALCOHOL AND MISSION IMPACT AND MISSION IMPACT
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IRRESPONSIBLE VS. IRRESPONSIBLE VS. RESPONSIBLE USE OF RESPONSIBLE USE OF

ALCOHOL ALCOHOL

AND MISSION IMPACTAND MISSION IMPACT

BEHAVIORAL INDICATORSBEHAVIORAL INDICATORS

DRINKING DRINKING CONTESTS/GAMESCONTESTS/GAMES

DRINKING & DRINKING & DRIVINGDRIVING

DRINKING TO GET DRINKING TO GET DRUNK/ DRUNK/ INTOXICATIONINTOXICATION

REPORTING TO REPORTING TO WORK DRUNK OR WORK DRUNK OR HUNGOVERHUNGOVER

USE OF ALCOHOL USE OF ALCOHOL WITH OTHER WITH OTHER MEDICATIONSMEDICATIONS

DRINKING AT DRINKING AT INAPPROPRIATE TIMES INAPPROPRIATE TIMES & PLACES& PLACES

DRINKING WHILE DRINKING WHILE PREGNANTPREGNANT

PRE-DRINKING PRE-DRINKING BEFORE A PARTY OR BEFORE A PARTY OR EVENTEVENT

IMPACT ON THE MISSIONIMPACT ON THE MISSION

INDIVIDUAL PRODUCTIVITYINDIVIDUAL PRODUCTIVITY

UNIT EFFECTIVENESSUNIT EFFECTIVENESS

COMBAT READINESSCOMBAT READINESS

RESPONSIBLE ALCOHOL RESPONSIBLE ALCOHOL USEUSE

ADJUNCT TO AN ACTIVITY RATHER THAN THE ADJUNCT TO AN ACTIVITY RATHER THAN THE PRIMARY FOCUSPRIMARY FOCUS

PROPER CONDUCT IS MAINTAINEDPROPER CONDUCT IS MAINTAINED DOES NOT IMPAIR OR DESTROY DOES NOT IMPAIR OR DESTROY

RELATIONSHIPSRELATIONSHIPS HARMS NEITHER THE PERSON OR SOCIETYHARMS NEITHER THE PERSON OR SOCIETY USE AS A BEVERAGE RATHER THAN AS A USE AS A BEVERAGE RATHER THAN AS A

DRUGDRUG DRINKING AT A LOW RISK LEVEL : 0-2 DRINKING AT A LOW RISK LEVEL : 0-2

DRINKSDRINKS

RISKS WITH DAILY RISKS WITH DAILY DRINKINGDRINKING

0 PER DAY: No known alcohol-related 0 PER DAY: No known alcohol-related problemproblem

UP TO 1-2 PER DAY: No known UP TO 1-2 PER DAY: No known increased riskincreased risk

3 PER DAY: Blood pressure increases. 3 PER DAY: Blood pressure increases. Heart disease increases.Cirrhosis Heart disease increases.Cirrhosis increases for women. Live shorter lives.increases for women. Live shorter lives.

4 PER DAY: Cirrhosis increases for men.4 PER DAY: Cirrhosis increases for men.

RISKS WITH DAILY RISKS WITH DAILY DRINKING (CONTINUED)DRINKING (CONTINUED)

5 PER DAY: Pancreatitis increases. 5 PER DAY: Pancreatitis increases. Much shorter life span.Much shorter life span.

6 PER DAY: Cancer of mouth, throat, 6 PER DAY: Cancer of mouth, throat, and digestive system increases.and digestive system increases.

Risks add up. The risks with 6 drinks Risks add up. The risks with 6 drinks per day include the risks for 3,4, and per day include the risks for 3,4, and 5 drinks per day.5 drinks per day.

RISKS WITH DRINKING RISKS WITH DRINKING LESS OFTEN THAN DAILYLESS OFTEN THAN DAILY

2 OR MORE DRINKS IN ONE HOUR OR 2 OR MORE DRINKS IN ONE HOUR OR LESS:LESS:• Increased risk for accidents and other Increased risk for accidents and other

impairment problemsimpairment problems 4 OR MORE DRINKS ON ANY DAY:4 OR MORE DRINKS ON ANY DAY:

• Increased risk for impairment problemsIncreased risk for impairment problems 5 DRINKS ON EACH OF 4 OR MORE 5 DRINKS ON EACH OF 4 OR MORE

DAYS PER WEEK:DAYS PER WEEK:• Live shorter lifeLive shorter life

RISKS WITH DRINKING RISKS WITH DRINKING LESS OFTEN THAN DAILYLESS OFTEN THAN DAILY

5 DRINKS ON EACH OF 4 OR MORE 5 DRINKS ON EACH OF 4 OR MORE DAYS PER WEEK (Continued):DAYS PER WEEK (Continued):• Increased social problemsIncreased social problems• This level of drinking plus stress This level of drinking plus stress

drinking or minor alcohol problems in drinking or minor alcohol problems in young adulthood strongly correlates young adulthood strongly correlates with serious alcohol problems later.with serious alcohol problems later.

ESTIMATING BIOLOGICAL ESTIMATING BIOLOGICAL RISK FOR ALCOHOLISMRISK FOR ALCOHOLISM

Do I have a parent or grandparent Do I have a parent or grandparent with alcoholism?with alcoholism?

Do I have a strong family history of Do I have a strong family history of alcoholism? (Multiple blood alcoholism? (Multiple blood relatives with alcoholism; relatives relatives with alcoholism; relatives close in the blood line/ the close in the blood line/ the alcoholism developed fairly rapidly alcoholism developed fairly rapidly in the relatives)in the relatives)

ESTIMATING BIOLOGICAL ESTIMATING BIOLOGICAL RISK FOR ALCOHOLISM RISK FOR ALCOHOLISM

(Continued)(Continued)

Did I have an unusual early response to Did I have an unusual early response to alcohol? (Either an unusually high initial alcohol? (Either an unusually high initial tolerance or an unusual mild flushing tolerance or an unusual mild flushing with mild discomfort from small with mild discomfort from small amounts of alcohol)amounts of alcohol)

Have I developed significantly increased Have I developed significantly increased tolerance over time? (Can drink tolerance over time? (Can drink significantly more now before becoming significantly more now before becoming impaired than in the beginning)impaired than in the beginning)

NO SIGN OF INCREASED NO SIGN OF INCREASED BIOLOGICAL RISKBIOLOGICAL RISK

Low-Risk Drinking Choices Include:Low-Risk Drinking Choices Include:

AbstinenceAbstinence

OROR

0-2 drinks if daily 0-3 drinks if less 0-2 drinks if daily 0-3 drinks if less thanthan

dailydaily

ANDAND No more than one drink per hourNo more than one drink per hour Not drinking during major stressful life Not drinking during major stressful life

events events

SOME SIGN OF INCREASED SOME SIGN OF INCREASED BIOLOGICAL RISKBIOLOGICAL RISK

Recommended Low-Risk Choices Include:Recommended Low-Risk Choices Include:

AbstinenceAbstinence

OROR

0-2 drinks, infrequently, never daily0-2 drinks, infrequently, never daily

ANDAND No more than one drink per hourNo more than one drink per hour Not drinking during major stressful life Not drinking during major stressful life

eventsevents

STRONG SIGNS OF STRONG SIGNS OF INCREASED BIOLOGICAL INCREASED BIOLOGICAL

RISKRISK

THE ONLY RECOMMENDED LOW-RISK THE ONLY RECOMMENDED LOW-RISK CHOICE IS CHOICE IS ABSTINENCE.ABSTINENCE.

NOT DRINKING AT ALL..NOT DRINKING AT ALL..

(IF YOU ANSWERED (IF YOU ANSWERED YESYES TO QUESTION TO QUESTION #2 OR ANY COMBINATION OF TWO #2 OR ANY COMBINATION OF TWO

QUESTIONS)QUESTIONS)

INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES THAT MAY INCREASE THAT MAY INCREASE

IMPAIRMENTIMPAIRMENT

AGEAGE

Generally, elderly people and adolescents Generally, elderly people and adolescents experience greater impairment from experience greater impairment from alcohol than middle-aged and young alcohol than middle-aged and young adultsadults

BODY SIZEBODY SIZE

As a rule, a small person experiences As a rule, a small person experiences greater impairment from a given amount greater impairment from a given amount of alcohol than a large person. Also, of alcohol than a large person. Also, because degree of impairment is related because degree of impairment is related to total body fluid,to total body fluid,

INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES THAT MAY INCREASE THAT MAY INCREASE

IMPAIRMENTIMPAIRMENT

BODY SIZEBODY SIZE (Continued) (Continued)

if one person has significantly more fatty if one person has significantly more fatty tissue than another, that person will be tissue than another, that person will be more impaired even though both weigh more impaired even though both weigh the same and drink the same amount.the same and drink the same amount.

GENDERGENDER

Women are typically more impaired from Women are typically more impaired from the same amount of alcohol then men the same amount of alcohol then men of the same size. Women also may of the same size. Women also may become become

INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES THAT MAY INCREASE THAT MAY INCREASE

IMPAIRMENTIMPAIRMENT

GENDERGENDER (Continued) (Continued)

intoxicated more quickly and stay intoxicated more quickly and stay intoxicated longer one to three days intoxicated longer one to three days before their periods.before their periods.

ILLNESS OR TIREDNESSILLNESS OR TIREDNESS

Someone who is tired, sick, or just Someone who is tired, sick, or just getting well experiences greater getting well experiences greater impairment from alcohol. Fatigue impairment from alcohol. Fatigue adds greatly to increased risk, adds greatly to increased risk, especially for shift workers & teens especially for shift workers & teens

INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES THAT MAY INCREASE THAT MAY INCREASE

IMPAIRMENTIMPAIRMENT

OTHER DRUGSOTHER DRUGS

This refers to all drugs, legal and illicit. This refers to all drugs, legal and illicit. Drinking alcohol while taking any drug Drinking alcohol while taking any drug can intensify or weaken the effect of the can intensify or weaken the effect of the drug. It can also intensify the effect of drug. It can also intensify the effect of the alcohol. It is dangerous & can be the alcohol. It is dangerous & can be fatal. Common over-the-counter drugs fatal. Common over-the-counter drugs can significantly increase impairment. can significantly increase impairment. Anyone on medication should speak to Anyone on medication should speak to the doctor or pharmacist about the use the doctor or pharmacist about the use of alcohol while taking medication.of alcohol while taking medication.

INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES THAT MAY INCREASE THAT MAY INCREASE

IMPAIRMENTIMPAIRMENT

STOMACH CONTENTSTOMACH CONTENT

Drinking alcohol with an empty Drinking alcohol with an empty stomach causes greater impairmentstomach causes greater impairment

ALTITUDEALTITUDE

Drinking at high altitudes increases Drinking at high altitudes increases impairmentimpairment

WHAT’S HIGH RISK ABOUT WHAT’S HIGH RISK ABOUT GETTING DRUNK?GETTING DRUNK?

Getting drunk is high-high risk Getting drunk is high-high risk because it moves people closer to because it moves people closer to their trigger levels for developing their trigger levels for developing alcoholism. There are three signs alcoholism. There are three signs that this is actually happening:that this is actually happening:Their tolerance increases with each Their tolerance increases with each

drunkdrunkDrinking to cure hangoversDrinking to cure hangoversThey experience memory blackoutsThey experience memory blackouts

WHAT’S HIGH RISK ABOUT WHAT’S HIGH RISK ABOUT GETTING DRUNK?GETTING DRUNK?

Getting drunk is high risk because it Getting drunk is high risk because it causescauses state dependent learningstate dependent learning. This . This means that what we learn or experience means that what we learn or experience while in a state of intoxication we recall while in a state of intoxication we recall best and use most comfortably only when best and use most comfortably only when back at that same state of intoxication. If back at that same state of intoxication. If people get drunk often enough as they are people get drunk often enough as they are learning a social skill, they come to learning a social skill, they come to depend on getting back to that same state depend on getting back to that same state to use that skill easily.to use that skill easily.

WHAT’S HIGH RISK ABOUT WHAT’S HIGH RISK ABOUT GETTING DRUNKGETTING DRUNK

Getting drunk is high risk because it causes Getting drunk is high risk because it causes impaired abstract thinking.impaired abstract thinking. High-risk High-risk quantities have the effect of prematurely quantities have the effect of prematurely aging brain cells. This causes impaired aging brain cells. This causes impaired abstract thinking, abstract thinking, which is required to which is required to answer essay questions, read blueprints, answer essay questions, read blueprints, learn complicated sports plays, figure out learn complicated sports plays, figure out why engines don’t work, etc. This can why engines don’t work, etc. This can last for up to 30 days after high-risk last for up to 30 days after high-risk drinking.drinking.

WHAT’S HIGH-RISK ABOUT WHAT’S HIGH-RISK ABOUT GETTING DRUNK?GETTING DRUNK?

Getting drunk is high-risk because it Getting drunk is high-risk because it increases risk for impairment increases risk for impairment problems. There is a also direct problems. There is a also direct relationship between how much a relationship between how much a person drinks and risk for a crash. person drinks and risk for a crash. The more you drink, the greater the The more you drink, the greater the risk. For adolescents and women, risk risk. For adolescents and women, risk for a crash appears at a lower BAL for a crash appears at a lower BAL (.05) than for adult males (.08).(.05) than for adult males (.08).

What’s Harmful About What’s Harmful About High-Risk Drinking If You High-Risk Drinking If You

Don’t Get Drunk?Don’t Get Drunk?

Sometimes people with high tolerance or a Sometimes people with high tolerance or a large build can’t see why high-risk large build can’t see why high-risk quantities would be harmful. If they quantities would be harmful. If they don’t get drunk, what’s the problem? don’t get drunk, what’s the problem? But drinking amounts above the low-risk But drinking amounts above the low-risk guidelines impairs abstract thinking just guidelines impairs abstract thinking just like getting drunk does. And high-risk like getting drunk does. And high-risk drinking can cause physical damage, drinking can cause physical damage, even if the person doesn’t get drunk.even if the person doesn’t get drunk.


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