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IRW Chapter 6

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In Concert: An Integrated Reading and Writing Approach by Kathleen T. McWhorter

Part Two:Reading, Writing, and Organizing Paragraphs

Chapter 6:Details, Transitions, and Implied Main Ideas

PowerPoint by Sarah Gilliam, Instructor of EnglishMountain Empire Community College

Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.In Concert:

An Integrated Reading and Writing Approach

by Kathleen T. McWhorterChapter 6: Details, Transitions, and Implied Main IdeasIn this chapter, you will learn how to:Goal 1Goal 2Goal 3Goal 5Goal 4Understand details, transitions, and implied main ideasIdentify supporting detailsThink critically about detailsUse transitions to guide your readingFind implied main ideasSelect and organize details to support your topic sentenceGoal 6Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.Goal 7Use transitional words and phrases to connect details2Important Terms to Remember:Supporting DetailsTransitionsImplied Main IdeasHelpful Tips:As a reader, examine how details support a topic sentence.As a writer, select the appropriate details to support your topic sentence.Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.Goal 1: Understand Details, Transitions, and Implied Main IdeasSupporting details are facts and/or ideas that explain the main idea of a paragraph expressed in the topic sentence.Transitions are linking words and phrases that connect details and pull the paper together.Implied main ideas are thoughts suggested, but not directly stated, in a topic sentence.

Dont forget to think about how to apply these terms separately to reading and writing!

3Important Terms to Remember:Supporting DetailsMajor DetailsMinor Details

What are some types of details?Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.Goal 2: Identify Supporting DetailsSupporting details are facts and examples that prove or explain the main idea of a paragraph.Major details directly explain the main idea of a paragraph.Minor details provide additional ideas and information that explain the major details.

The types of details can be placed into an idea map in the reading or writing process. For an example, see the paragraphs and figures 6-1 and 6-2 on pages 173174.

Activities for Identifying Major/Minor Details: Exercises 6-1 & 6-2: pages 1741814Types of Details:FactsExamplesReasonsStatisticsDescriptionsStepsProceduresCopyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.Goal 2: Identify Supporting DetailsActivities for Identifying Types of Details:Exercises 6-3 & 6-4 on pages 181183

Additional Activity:As a peer review, have students highlight and identify the different types of details in their own paragraphs.5How do I think critically about details?Consider:Writers cannot list every possible detailWriters must choose the most important details to includeHelpful Tips:As a reader, consider if the writer could have chosen better detailsAs a writer, try to choose the details most relevant to your main ideaCopyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.Goal 3: Think Critically About DetailsAs a reader, examine the details the writer chose to include. Are they the best examples? What other examples might have been included? Did the writer make a strong case with the details? Did he or she influence you?As a writer, review your wording carefully to make sure you fully explain your main point with the details you choose. Dont choose words that are ambiguous. Make sure the details you use are those that best explain your main idea.

6Transitions are linking words or phrases that lead the reader from one idea to another idea.Helpful Tips:Recognizing and using transitions will help guide you through a paragraph, making it easier to read or to write.Transitions also alert the reader to what will come in the next paragraph.Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.Goal 4: Use Transitions to Guide Your ReadingRemember that transitions are linking words or phrases that lead the reader from one idea to another idea.

Recognizing and using transitions will help guide you through a paragraph, making it easier to read or to write (see the paragraph example on page 185).

See Table 6-1 on page 185 for a list of the different types of transitional words/phrases and what they tell the reader.

Activities: Exercises 6-6 (Choosing Transitional Words) and 6-7 (Making Predictions) on pages 185187.

7The implied main idea is unstated, and it is up to the reader to use details in the paragraph to figure out the main point.

What are some strategies for identifying the implied main idea of a paragraph?Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.Goal 5: Find Implied Main Ideas8Strategies for Identifying the Implied Main Idea:

Find the topic Figure out what is the most important idea the writer wants you to know about the topic Express the main idea in your own wordsCopyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.Goal 5: Find Implied Main IdeasUse our previous lessons to locate the topic.Look at all the details and try to decide what the larger idea being explained in the paragraph might be.Using your own words, try to state the main idea in reasonable terms. Be sure it applies to all the details in the paragraph.

Activities: Exercises 6-8 (Locating Implied Meaning in Paragraphs) and 6-9 (Analyzing Paragraphs) on pages 189191.

For reference, see the paragraph and visual examples on page 188.9

Details should be relevant and sufficient: Relevant details directly explain and support the topic sentence.Sufficient details provide enough information to make your topic sentence understandable and convincing.Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.Goal 6: Select and Organize Details to Support Your Topic SentenceRelevant details directly explain and support the topic sentence. They help clarify and strengthen ideas. Irrelevant ideas make your points unclear.Sufficient details provide enough information to make your topic sentence understandable and convincing. Your supporting details must thoroughly explain why you believe the topic sentence is true. Details should be specific, not summaries or unsupported opinions. Details explain who, why, where, when, what, and how. They do not make general statements.

Activity:Exercise 6-13 (Writing Supporting Details) on page 194. 10

Transitional words allow readers to move easily from one detail to another, showing how the details relate.Helpful Tip:Think of transitions as words and phrases that guide the reader through the paragraph and signal what is to come in the next one. Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.Goal 7: Use Transitional Words and Phrases to Connect DetailsSee the sample paragraph and figure 6-2 on page 199 for examples of frequently used transitional words and phrases.11

Other Important Terms to Remember:Time SequenceSpatial ArrangementLeast/Most ArrangementSpecific WordsCopyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.Goal 7: Use Transitional Words and Phrases to Connect DetailsTime sequence: Arranging ideas in the order that they happenSpatial arrangement: Arranging ideas according to their position in spaceLeast/most arrangement: Presenting ideas from least important to most important and vice versaSpecific words: Words that provide a great deal of information

Activity:Split the class into groups. Using the student essay, The China Bug, by Jim Sturm on page 200, assign each group 1-2 paragraphs. Require the groups to identify the transitional words and phrases within their respective paragraphs. The results can be used for class discussion or an online discussion post as a follow-up activity.12Goal 1: Understand Details, Transitions, and Implied Main Ideas Review QuestionsTrue or False:Transitions are words or phrases that connect details and pull a paragraph together.

True or False: The implied main idea is directly stated.

Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Answer:TrueFalse: The implied main idea is suggested13Goal 1: Understand Details, Transitions, and Implied Main Ideas Review QuestionsTrue or False:True: Transitions are words or phrases that connect details and pull a paragraph together.

True or False: False: The implied main idea is directly stated.

Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Answer:TrueFalse: The implied main idea is suggested14Goal 2: Identify Supporting DetailsReview QuestionsWhich of the following is NOT a type of detail?ReasonsPhotographsStatisticsExamples

Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Answer: BPhotographs are a visual, not a detail.15Goal 2: Identify Supporting DetailsReview QuestionsWhich of the following is NOT a type of detail?ReasonsPhotographsStatisticsExamples

Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Answer: BPhotographs are a visual, not a detail.16Goal 3: Think Critically About DetailsReview QuestionsTrue or False:Writers should include every possible detail they can think of in their paragraphs.

True or False: Good readers consider details the author of the writing may have left out.

Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Answers:Falsethey must pick the most relevant details that best explain the main idea.True17Goal 3: Think Critically About DetailsReview QuestionsTrue or False:False: Writers should include every possible detail they can think of in their paragraphs.

True or False: True: Good readers consider details the author of the writing may have left out.

Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

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