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Jiu Jitsu Combat Tricks Hancock

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WARSKYL PRESENTSJiu Jitsu Combat TricksJapaneseFeats of Attack and DefenceinPersonal EncounterBYH. IrvingHancockAuthor of "JapanesePhysical Training," "Physical Trainingfor Women by JapaneseMethods," " Physical TrainingforChildren by JapaneseMethods," "Lifeat West Point," etc.Illustrated with Thirty-two PhotographsTaken fromLife by A. B. Phelan and OthersWARSKYLPresentsAccess To Destiny BooksBelton, South CarolinaOriginally Published, September, 1904COPYRIGHT, 1904BYG. P. PUTNAM'SSONSWARSKYL edition copyright 2009I ntroductionIT is but a few years ago that. jiu-jitsu was unknown to theWestern world. To-day thenameis understood very generally,in Engilsh- speaking countries, to refer to that mysterious art ofself-defence by which the Japanese prove antagonists whomitis impossible to defeat in physical encounter. To some extent,too, alittleknowledgeof this strangeart hascometous. Withinthe next few years it is to be expected that jiu-jitsu will be aswell understood by us as boxingis to-day.A knowledge of the Japanese art reduces boxing from ascience of defence to the status of an excellent exercise. Thewell-trained jiu- jitsian is able to meet and to defeat the fisticexpert at all points. In this volume much attention has beenpaid to the methods by which the Japanese overcomes theexponent of ringwork.In scope the feats described in this volume comprise all thatis essential in jiu-jitsu for purposes of personal encounter.Much that would beof interest only under Japaneseconditionsof life has been omitted. The tricks selected for analysis in thisvolume are those that are of the most value to the man ofAnglo- Saxon heritagein matters of fighting.Without doubt it will be urged that some of the Japanesefeats explained in the following pages are, in the language ofthering, "foul." But fightingis an ugly business fromthenatureof things, and theJapanesecontend that any means that bringsvictory is justifiable. It may beadded that few men defeated bya. jiu-jitsian are disabled for a period longer than a fewmoments followingdefeatThelacerations and contusions that follow fisticuffs areunknown in Japan, whereto disfigurean opponent would beconsidered adisgraceto thevictor. Jiu- jitsu, whilestern work,is theessenceof politeness; it is aimed to show abully thefollyof fighting.Thegreatest charmof all about jiu-jitsuis that it does not callfor theemployment of great strength. Theweaker man, ifskilled, is ableto vanquish his stronger but unversed opponent.Theart has ahistory of morethan twenty-fivecenturies, and,duringits longcourseof evolution, jiu-jitsuhas been perfectedas theart of thesmaller, weaker man.Daily practicein this novel physical work makes rapidly foragility of body and of mind, and for great physical endurance.TheJapanesesoldier, sailor, and policeman takeacompulsorygovernment coursein jiu-jitsu. Thephysical performances oftheJapanesein their war with Russiashould besufficient toestablish even seemingly extravagant claims for thevalueofjiu-jitsuas thebest systemof bodily trainingknown to theworld.H. IRVING HANCOCK.NEWYORK, July 25, 1904.TABLE OF CONTENTSCHAPTER I.Preliminary TrainingHow to Strengthen theHands for Attack, and Howto Toughen theVulnerableParts for DefencePracticemust beConstantuntil Performanceof theTricks Becomes Second NatureDon't bein aHurry to "Show Off" aNew Trick to FriendsCoolness Absolutely Neces-sary to SuccessCHAPTER II.An Ordinary Throat-Hold : Its Throw-Off and theSequenceA Scientific"Jiu-Jitsu" Throat-Hold Other Methods of Seizingby theThroatCHAPTER III.Throat-Hold Attack and Counter DefencesA Throat- Hold fromtheRear,and Its Combination with aThrowTheDefenceDifferent Styles ofHand- Blows in DefenceCHAPTER IV.TheRight Way and theWrongWay to Trip an OpponentHow to DodgetheTripHow to Kneel and Trip an Adversary Counters " That ArePossibleCHAPTER V.Throat-Hold and ArmThrows over theShoulderTheKneelingand RisingThrow over theShoulderHow to Render theFallen Adversary HelplessCHAPTER VI.TheBoxer's Tricks Utterly Useless against the"Jiu-Jitsu " AdeptWhy theEdgeof theHand isaMoreDangerousWeaponthantheClinched FistTheUseof theBaseof theHandA Few Preliminary Ways of StoppingtheBlows of theBoxer, with Damageto theLatter when DesiredCHAPTER VII.Arm-Hook and Fend-Off against theBoxerFend-Off and Kidney BlowMoreabout Side, Kidney, and Abdomen Blows, and When and How toUseThemDangers of theBase-of-the-SpineBlowA Trick to beUsed only inDesperateCasesCHAPTER VIII.On theGradual Acquirement of SpeedTheNeed of Working, Now, withan Experienced Boxer TakingaClubAway froman OpponentAgilityGained by this WorkSide-Steppingas Second NatureCHAPTER IX.TheNeatest of All "Jiu-Jitsu" Ways of StoppingaBoxerFlooringandHoldingHimHelpless with- out DoingHimDamageAnother EffectiveWay of HoldingaVictimin Subjection after HavingThrown Himeither inBoxingor in Wrestling. 77CHAPTER X.ForcingtheBoxer to Fend His Own BlowTheFallThat FollowsTheNearest That the"Jiu-Jitsu" Adept ComestoOur StyleofBoxingGuardingagainst theThroat-blow and theSolar-Plexus JabCHAPTER XI.Two Safe, Certain, and Easy Holds for Reducingan Opponent Strainingan Adversary's Armover theShoulderHow theVictory may beFollowedup with aThrow in Either of theThreeCasesCHAPTER XII.Tricks That may beDescribed as '' Humorous "Onein Which thePoliceman will Seeno Fun when HeHappens to betheVictim, unless HeKnows the" Counter," Which is also DescribedThe" Devil's Hand-Shake"How theJapanesePoliceman Forces aPrisoner to AccompanyHimTheValueof this Trick in EjectingaTroublesomePersonCHAPTER XIII.A Clever JapaneseWay of ExposingShammed UnconsciousnessTheShoulder Pinch as aMeans of DefenceA Handy Way of StoppingaFightin aSecondAn Attack fromBehind That Leaves theVictimwithoutDefence, and Its Application to aBurglar or Other IntruderCHAPTER XIV.Two Excellent Combination Attacks for ExtremeOccasionsHow to Stop aPassingFugitivein theStreet How to OvertakeaFugitiveand ReduceHimto SubmissionCHAPTER XV.SomeNiceProblems in Attack and Defencethat theStudent can SolvewiththeAid of What has been Described and theHints That areNow GivenCHAPTER XVI.FinishingTouches in theJapaneseScienceof Attack and DefenceASummary of theBest Featsfor WomentoPractiseand toUseat NeedFinalCautions to theStudent Who would beExpert in Jiu JitsuILLUSTRATIONSNo. 1. ONE OF THE SIMPLEST FORMSOF THROW-OFFOF THROAT-HOLD .... FrontispieceNo. 2. AN ADVANTAGE THAT RESULTSFROM THE DEFENSE SHOWN INPRECEDING ILLUSTRATION .No. 3. A CORRECT JIU-JITSU THROAT-HOLD . . 16No. 4. SIMULTANEOUSATTACKTHROAT-HOLD AND HAND-PINCHNo. 5. A THROAT-HOLD AND THROWBY AN ASSAILANT IN THE REARNo. 6. THE WRONG WAY TO TRIPNo. 7. THE RIGHT WAY TO TRIPNo. 8. THE TRIP FROM A KNEELING POSITIONNo. 9. THROAT-HOLD WITH THROWOVER THE HIPNo. 10. STRAINING AN OPPONENT'SARM AFTER HE HASBEENTHROWNNo. 11. JlU-JlTSU AGAINST THE BOXERA SIMPLE STYLE OFDEFENSENo. 12. DEFENSE AGAINST BOTH FISTSOF THE BOXERNo. 13. THE BOXER'SRIGHT STOPPED AND ON GUARD AGAINST HisLEFTNo. 14. A HOOK OVER A Low LEFT-HANDER AND A WARD-OFF FORTHE RIGHTNo. 15. THE KIDNEY BLOWAGAINST A BOXERUSEFUL UNDERMANYOTHER CONDITIONSNo. 16. ANOTHER THING THAT THE JIU-JITSU MAN DOESTO THEBOXERNo. 17. THE CONVINCING FINISH OF DEFENSE SHOWN IN PRECEDINGILLUSTRATIONNo. 18. ANOTHER USEFUL METHOD OF HOLDING AN OPPONENTDOWNEMPLOYED AGAINST A BOXER AND IN WRESTLINGNo. 19. USING OPPONENT'SLEFT ASA GUARD AGAINST His OWNRIGHTTHISFEAT ENDS IN A THROWNo. 20. THE NEAREST JIU-JITSU APPROACH TO BOXINGNo. 21. GUARDING AGAINST NECK BLOWAND SOLAR- PLEXUSJABNo. 22. A HOLD FROM THE REAR THAT PRECEDESA THROWNo. 23. A SIMPLE HOLD THAT RENDERSAN ASSAILANT HELPLESSNo. 24. STRAINING A FOREARM OVER THE SHOULDERNo. 25. " THE DEVIL'SHAND-SHAKE "No. 26. SHOULDER-PINCH AND SOLAR-PLEXUSJAB USEFUL ALSO INEXPOSING SHAMMED UNCONSCIOUSNESSNo. 27. PREVENTING AN INJURY TO KNEE OR OTHER CONTIGUOUSPARTSNo. 28. STRAINING AN ARM ASA STOP TO FIGHTINGNo. 29. A FEAT USED EITHER ASA HOLD OR FOR A THROWNo. 30. AN UGLY BACK-OF-THE-NECK BLOWNo. 31. A POSSIBLE COMPLICATION IN SIMULTANEOUSATTACKNo. 32. ONE JIU-JITSU METHOD OF HALTING A RUNNINGFUGITIVE 132Suggestions for Further Reading:Wristlocks by Keith PascalMartial Arts MasteryJ I U-J I TSU COMBAT TRI CKSCHAPTER IPRELIMINARY TRAININ GH O W TO STRENGTHENTHE HANDSFOR ATTACK, AND HOW TO TOUGHEN THEVULNERABLE PARTSFOR DEFENCE PRACTICE MUSTBE CONSTANT UNTIL PERFORMANCE OF THE TRICKSBECOMESSECOND NATUREDON'T BE IN A HURRY TO"SHOW OFF" A NEW TRICK TO FRIENDSCOOLNESSABSOLUTELY NECESSARY TO SUCCESSIT is true that the offensive and defensive feats of jiu-jitsucombat may be undertaken without any preliminary training.Yet it is equally truethat not so good results aresecured by thiscourse as are to be had when the application of the work isbased on aproper foundation of well-trained muscles and withother parts of thebody properly prepared for thetasks that areto beexacted of them.Jiu-jitsu does not demand muscular development to thesameextent that it is needed in thepracticeof boxingor of wrestling,but it is welland very nearly absolutely essentialto possessnerves and muscles that are especially trained to respond withlightning-likeswiftness to thedemands that areput upon themby thepeculiarities of theJapanesestyleof personal encounter.The Japanese blows are struck with greater speed than arethose used by Anglo-Saxon boxers, and must be landed withfar greater exactness.The expert at jiu-jitsu is able to defeat the boxer easily andsignally. It follows, therefore, that the blow must have bothsuperior speed and effect.What, then, arethemethods of preliminary trainingthat givethese advantages. It has been pointed out in my previousworks on this subject that theJapaneseexperts themselvesdiffer considerably as to the best methods of bringing themuscles and their governing nerves into the most serviceablecondition. Just as jiu-jitsu has been madeto evolveinto at leastahalf-dozendistinct thoughclosely related schools ofexecution, so there are many differ-, ent ideas among theinitiated as to how thebody is to

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