LED STREET LIGHTING BEST PRACTICES Lessons Learned from the Pilot LED Municipal Streetlight and PLN Substation Retroﬁt Project (Pilot LED Project) in Indonesia
LED STREET LIGHTING BEST PRACTICES
Lessons Learned from the Pilot LEDMunicipal Streetlight and PLN SubstationRetrofit Project (Pilot LED Project)in Indonesia
Lessons Learned from the Pilot LED Municipal Streetlight and PLN Substation Retrofit Project (Pilot LED Project) in Indonesia
LED StrEEt Lighting BESt PracticES
ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK
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ISBN 978-92-9257-771-1 (Print), 978-92-9257-772-8 (e-ISBN)Publication Stock No. TIM168482 http://dx.doi.org/10.22617/TIM168482
Asian Development Bank. LED street lighting best practices: Lessons learned from the pilot LED municipal streetlight and PLN substation retrofit project (pilot LED project) in Indonesia. Mandaluyong City, Philippines: Asian Development Bank, 2016.
1. Energy.2. Technology.3. Roads and pavements.I. Asian Development Bank.
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tables and Figures iv
Executive Summary vii
Pilot LED retrofit Project 2
Overview of Street Lighting 3
current Street Lighting conditions in indonesia 7
Pilot LED Project implementation 15
Lessons Learned 26
gaps and recommendations for LED retrofit Scale-Up 28
appendixes1: Current Street Lighting Standards in Indonesia 312: Overview of Regulations for PublicPrivate Partnerships 333: LED Specifications 36
Tables and Figures
tablesE1 LED Luminaire Installation Locations and Quantities viiiE2 Measured Energy Savings in Batang and Semarang viii1 Typical Streetlight Lamp Characteristics 52 LED Luminaire Installation Locations and Quantities 153 LED Retrofits by Procurement in Each Municipality 204 Measured Kilovolt-Ampere Savings at 10 Circuits in Batang and Semarang 235 Estimated Measured Savings and Payback for Batang and Semarang 236 Baseline and Post-Retrofit Lighting Levels and Uniformity Ratios for Batang 247 Baseline and Post-Retrofit Lighting Levels and Uniformity Ratios for Semarang 25
A1 Characteristics and Usage of Streetlight Lamps 32A3 Illuminance and Uniformity Ratio for Roadways and Sidewalks 39
FiguresE1 Lighting Conditions at Cilegon Substation Before and After the LED Retrofit ix1 Street Lighting: Key Criteria 32 Cobra Head (with Photocell), Parking Lot, and Post Top Fixtures 63 Typical Layout of PLN Switchyard, Substation, and Administration Building 104 Lumen Depreciation Rate for Different Lighting Technologies 175 Examples of Photometric Performance of LED Luminaires 176 Lighting Conditions at Cilegon Substation Before and After the LED Retrofit 25
This report was prepared under two technical assistance grants administered by the Asian Development Bank (ADB): JavaBali Electricity Distribution Performance Improvement Project (Grant 0198-INO) and Asia Energy Efficiency Accelerator Street Lighting Pilot Projects (TA 8483-REG), financed under regional capacity development technical assistance and supported by the Government of the United Kingdom and the Clean Energy Fund under the Clean Energy Financing Partnership Facility.
The report was prepared by Thomas K. Dreessen (team leader) and My Ton (international lighting expert) for Econoler under the technical assistance grants. The work conducted by Econoler was under the technical supervision of Pradeep Tharakan (senior energy specialist [Climate Change], Energy Division, Southeast Asia Department, ADB) and Priyantha Wijiyatunga (principal energy specialist, Sector Advisory Service Division, Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department, ADB). Pil-Bae Song (consultant, ADB) served as the reports peer reviewer and Julie Casabianca (consultant, ADB) reviewed and helped guide the final preparation of the report.
The report team gratefully acknowledges the support provided by the personnel of the Directorate General of Electricity of Indonesia and the State Electricity Company (PLN), Director of Energy Conservation at the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (MEMR) Farida Zed, former Director of Energy Conservation (MEMR) Maritje Hutapea, Semarang Mayor Hendrar Prihadi and Batang Mayor Yoyok Riyo Sudibyo, and their staff.
ADB Asian Development Bank
ANSI American National Standards Institute
CIE Commission Internationale de lEclairage (International Commission on Illumination)
DAK dana alokasi khusus (specific allocation fund)DAU dana alokasi umum (general allocation fund)ESCO energy services companyGI gardu induk (substation)GITET gardu induk tegangan ekstra tinggi (extra high-voltage substation)HID high-intensity discharge (lamps)HPS or HPSV high-pressure sodium or high-pressure sodium vapor (lamps)IEC International Electrotechnical CommissionIES or IESNA Illuminating Engineering Society of North AmericaLED light-emitting diodeLPS or LPSV low-pressure sodium or low-pressure sodium vapor (lamps)MEMR Ministry of Energy and Mineral ResourcesMRV measurement, reporting, and verificationMSLP Municipal Street Lighting ProgramPEA Provincial Electricity Authority (Thailand)PLN PT Perusahaan Listrik Negara (State Electricity Company)Pilot LED Project LED Municipal Streetlight and PLN Substation Retrofit ProjectPPP publicprivate partnershipSNI Standar Nasional Indonesia (Indonesian National Standard) PMK peraturan menteri keuangan (Ministry of Finance Regulation)
Street and public area lighting is a key service provided by local and municipal governments. Good lighting at night is essential for road safety, personal safety, and urban ambience, and it indirectly prevents crime and provides security of properties. Well-lit streets also boost economic opportunities by expanding the hours of commercial activity after dark.
Providing street and public lighting is one of the most expensive responsibilities of a municipality and can account for up to 38% of energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in some cities. New energy-efficient technologies and design can cut street lighting costs dramatically (up to 60%) and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by the same amount. These savings can reduce the need for new generating plants and redeploy scarce capital to delivering energy access to populations in remote areas. The savings also allow municipalities to expand street lighting coverage to additional areas that include low-income and other underserved areas.
With the exception of a few areas and small highway sections, most municipal street lighting systems throughout Indonesia are outdated, use inefficient technologies, and are poorly desi