Home >Documents >LED Street Lighting Best Practices - Asian Development LED STREET LIGHTING BEST PRACTICES Lessons...

LED Street Lighting Best Practices - Asian Development LED STREET LIGHTING BEST PRACTICES Lessons...

Date post:07-Feb-2018
Category:
View:217 times
Download:3 times
Share this document with a friend
Transcript:
  • LED STREET LIGHTING BEST PRACTICES

    Lessons Learned from the Pilot LEDMunicipal Streetlight and PLN SubstationRetrofit Project (Pilot LED Project)in Indonesia

  • Lessons Learned from the Pilot LED Municipal Streetlight and PLN Substation Retrofit Project (Pilot LED Project) in Indonesia

    LED StrEEt Lighting BESt PracticES

    April 2017

    ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK

  • Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 IGO license (CC BY 3.0 IGO)

    2017 Asian Development Bank6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City, 1550 Metro Manila, PhilippinesTel +63 2 632 4444; Fax +63 2 636 2444www.adb.org

    Some rights reserved. Published in 2017. Printed in the Philippines.

    ISBN 978-92-9257-771-1 (Print), 978-92-9257-772-8 (e-ISBN)Publication Stock No. TIM168482 http://dx.doi.org/10.22617/TIM168482

    Cataloging-In-Publication Data

    Asian Development Bank. LED street lighting best practices: Lessons learned from the pilot LED municipal streetlight and PLN substation retrofit project (pilot LED project) in Indonesia. Mandaluyong City, Philippines: Asian Development Bank, 2016.

    1. Energy.2. Technology.3. Roads and pavements.I. Asian Development Bank.

    The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies ofthe Asian Development Bank (ADB) or its Board of Governors or the governments they represent.

    ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this publication and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers does not imply that they are endorsed or recommended by ADB in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned.

    By making any designation of or reference to a particular territory or geographic area, or by using the term country inthis document, ADB does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

    This work is available under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 IGO license (CC BY 3.0 IGO) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/. By using the content of this publication, you agree to be bound bytheterms of this license.

    This CC license does not apply to non-ADB copyright materials in this publication. If the material is attributed toanother source, please contact the copyright owner or publisher of that source for permission to reproduce it. ADB cannot be held liable for any claims that arise as a result of your use of the material.

    AttributionYou should always acknowledge ADB as the source using the following format:[Author]. [Year of publication]. [Title of the work in italics]. [City of publication]: [Publisher]. ADB. [URL or DOI]

    [license].

    TranslationsAny translations you create should carry the following disclaimer:Originally published by ADB in English under the title [title in italics]. ADB. [URL or DOI] [license]. The quality

    ofthe translation and its coherence with the original text is the sole responsibility of the translator. The English original of this work is the only official version.

    AdaptationsAny adaptations you create should carry the following disclaimer:This is an adaptation of an original work titled [title in italics]. ADB. [URL or DOI][license]. The views expressed

    here are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of ADB or its Board ofGovernors orthe governments they represent. ADB does not endorse this work or guarantee the accuracy of the data included inthis publication and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use.

    Please contact [email protected] if you have questions or comments with respect to content, or if you wish toobtain copyright permission for your intended use that does not fall within these terms, or for permission to use theADB logo.

    Notes: In this publication, $ refers to US dollars. Corrigenda to ADB publications may be found at http://www.adb.org/publications/corrigenda

  • iii

    Contents

    tables and Figures iv

    acknowledgments v

    abbreviations vi

    Executive Summary vii

    introduction 1

    Pilot LED retrofit Project 2

    Overview of Street Lighting 3

    current Street Lighting conditions in indonesia 7

    Pilot LED Project implementation 15

    Lessons Learned 26

    gaps and recommendations for LED retrofit Scale-Up 28

    references 30

    appendixes1: Current Street Lighting Standards in Indonesia 312: Overview of Regulations for PublicPrivate Partnerships 333: LED Specifications 36

  • iv

    Tables and Figures

    tablesE1 LED Luminaire Installation Locations and Quantities viiiE2 Measured Energy Savings in Batang and Semarang viii1 Typical Streetlight Lamp Characteristics 52 LED Luminaire Installation Locations and Quantities 153 LED Retrofits by Procurement in Each Municipality 204 Measured Kilovolt-Ampere Savings at 10 Circuits in Batang and Semarang 235 Estimated Measured Savings and Payback for Batang and Semarang 236 Baseline and Post-Retrofit Lighting Levels and Uniformity Ratios for Batang 247 Baseline and Post-Retrofit Lighting Levels and Uniformity Ratios for Semarang 25

    A1 Characteristics and Usage of Streetlight Lamps 32A3 Illuminance and Uniformity Ratio for Roadways and Sidewalks 39

    FiguresE1 Lighting Conditions at Cilegon Substation Before and After the LED Retrofit ix1 Street Lighting: Key Criteria 32 Cobra Head (with Photocell), Parking Lot, and Post Top Fixtures 63 Typical Layout of PLN Switchyard, Substation, and Administration Building 104 Lumen Depreciation Rate for Different Lighting Technologies 175 Examples of Photometric Performance of LED Luminaires 176 Lighting Conditions at Cilegon Substation Before and After the LED Retrofit 25

  • v

    Acknowledgments

    This report was prepared under two technical assistance grants administered by the Asian Development Bank (ADB): JavaBali Electricity Distribution Performance Improvement Project (Grant 0198-INO) and Asia Energy Efficiency Accelerator Street Lighting Pilot Projects (TA 8483-REG), financed under regional capacity development technical assistance and supported by the Government of the United Kingdom and the Clean Energy Fund under the Clean Energy Financing Partnership Facility.

    The report was prepared by Thomas K. Dreessen (team leader) and My Ton (international lighting expert) for Econoler under the technical assistance grants. The work conducted by Econoler was under the technical supervision of Pradeep Tharakan (senior energy specialist [Climate Change], Energy Division, Southeast Asia Department, ADB) and Priyantha Wijiyatunga (principal energy specialist, Sector Advisory Service Division, Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department, ADB). Pil-Bae Song (consultant, ADB) served as the reports peer reviewer and Julie Casabianca (consultant, ADB) reviewed and helped guide the final preparation of the report.

    The report team gratefully acknowledges the support provided by the personnel of the Directorate General of Electricity of Indonesia and the State Electricity Company (PLN), Director of Energy Conservation at the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (MEMR) Farida Zed, former Director of Energy Conservation (MEMR) Maritje Hutapea, Semarang Mayor Hendrar Prihadi and Batang Mayor Yoyok Riyo Sudibyo, and their staff.

  • vi

    Abbreviations

    ADB Asian Development Bank

    ANSI American National Standards Institute

    CIE Commission Internationale de lEclairage (International Commission on Illumination)

    DAK dana alokasi khusus (specific allocation fund)DAU dana alokasi umum (general allocation fund)ESCO energy services companyGI gardu induk (substation)GITET gardu induk tegangan ekstra tinggi (extra high-voltage substation)HID high-intensity discharge (lamps)HPS or HPSV high-pressure sodium or high-pressure sodium vapor (lamps)IEC International Electrotechnical CommissionIES or IESNA Illuminating Engineering Society of North AmericaLED light-emitting diodeLPS or LPSV low-pressure sodium or low-pressure sodium vapor (lamps)MEMR Ministry of Energy and Mineral ResourcesMRV measurement, reporting, and verificationMSLP Municipal Street Lighting ProgramPEA Provincial Electricity Authority (Thailand)PLN PT Perusahaan Listrik Negara (State Electricity Company)Pilot LED Project LED Municipal Streetlight and PLN Substation Retrofit ProjectPPP publicprivate partnershipSNI Standar Nasional Indonesia (Indonesian National Standard) PMK peraturan menteri keuangan (Ministry of Finance Regulation)

  • vii

    Executive Summary

    Street and public area lighting is a key service provided by local and municipal governments. Good lighting at night is essential for road safety, personal safety, and urban ambience, and it indirectly prevents crime and provides security of properties. Well-lit streets also boost economic opportunities by expanding the hours of commercial activity after dark.

    Providing street and public lighting is one of the most expensive responsibilities of a municipality and can account for up to 38% of energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in some cities. New energy-efficient technologies and design can cut street lighting costs dramatically (up to 60%) and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by the same amount. These savings can reduce the need for new generating plants and redeploy scarce capital to delivering energy access to populations in remote areas. The savings also allow municipalities to expand street lighting coverage to additional areas that include low-income and other underserved areas.

    With the exception of a few areas and small highway sections, most municipal street lighting systems throughout Indonesia are outdated, use inefficient technologies, and are poorly desi

of 57/57
LED STREET LIGHTING BEST PRACTICES Lessons Learned from the Pilot LED Municipal Streetlight and PLN Substation Retrofit Project (Pilot LED Project) in Indonesia
Embed Size (px)
Recommended