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Madhav giri

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Household Level Adaptation Practices to Climate Change in Rural Areas of Nepal” Madhav Giri a Maurizio Tiepolo b and Sudeep Hada c a and b - University of Politecnico Di Torino, Italy c - The Small Earth Nepal 12 th January, 2015 1
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  1. 1. Household Level Adaptation Practices to Climate Change in Rural Areas of Nepal Madhav Giria Maurizio Tiepolob and Sudeep Hadac a and b - University of Politecnico Di Torino, Italy c - The Small Earth Nepal 12th January, 2015 1
  2. 2. Introduction Climate change adaptation - the major development agenda in developing countries like Nepal. Around 80% of population are engaged in agriculture, although 20% of total land area is cultivated. According to NAPA report, Nepal is extremely vulnerable to climate change impacts. Adaptation to climate change impact is an emerging areas of research and development in Nepal. 2
  3. 3. Introduction Local government and communities in developing countries have limited knowledge and capacity to adapt climate change. CC adaptation in rural area is the location specific and critical to identify vulnerable entities and to develop well- targeted adaptation policies. Local level adaptation capacity and practices is very important to formulate suitable policy measures to address their livelihood. 3
  4. 4. Study Area Scale 1: 2000000 Nawalparasi Syangja Mustang Kathmandu 4
  5. 5. 5 Adaptive Capacity Indicators
  6. 6. Determinants of climate change adaptive Capacity 6 Figure : Weightage of indicators and assets to structure the aggregate adaptive capacity index in Kagbeni VDC
  7. 7. Determinants of climate change adaptive capacity 7 Figure : Weightage of indicators and assets to structure the aggregate adaptive capacity index in Thumpokhara VDC
  8. 8. Determinants of climate change adaptive Capacity 8 Figure : Weightage of indicators and assets to structure the aggregate adaptive capacity index in Pragatinagar VDC
  9. 9. Adaptation practices in High Mountain zone In high mountains- - Agricultural farming (Apple cultivation, maize and vegetable production) - Shifting agricultural calendar - Reduced livestock number and practiced rotational grazing - Community sanction on collection of natural resources (Ban Samiti, Mukhiya system) - Social safety nets (DDC, VDC, ACAP, Religious leader, Mukhiya, Agriculture Service Centre, I/NGOs) - Hotel business 9
  10. 10. 10 Figure: Apple production in Kagbeni Figure: Maize cultivation in Kagbeni Figure: Vegetable farming in Kagbeni Figure: Animal husbandry in Kagbeni
  11. 11. Agriculture Baisakh Apr- May Jeth May- June Asar June- July Sawan July- Aug Bhadra Aug- Sept Ashoj Sept- Oct. Kartik Oct- Nov Mangsir Nov- Dec Push Dec- Jan Magh Jan- Feb Falgun Feb- March Chaitra March- April 1. Potato Now S H 10-15 yrs ago S H 2. Barley Now W H S W W 10-15 yrs ago H S W W 3. Wheat Now H S 10-15 yrs ago H S 4.Buckwheat Now S W W H 10-15 yrs ago S W W H 5. Oat Now H S W W 10-15 yrs ago H S W W 6. Mustard Now S H 10-15 yrs ago S H 7. Apple Now H T T T S H T T S 11 Sowing/ Planting (S) Harvesting (H) Weeding (W) Trimming (T) Table : Shifting agriculture calendar in Kagbeni VDC
  12. 12. Adaptation practices in Mid-mountains zone - Practicing vegetable farming instead of cereal crops - Optimum utilization of marginal land by planting tress, grass and crops - Shifting agricultural calendar - Provision of plastic shed - Crop diversification - Rain water harvesting 12
  13. 13. Adaptation practices in Terai zone o They have many adaptation practices compare to high and mid- mountains regions. - Water management practices (surface irrigation, under-ground water use for irrigation and drinking purpose) - Farm diversification (vegetable, fruit farming, livestock, poultry and fish farming) - Crop diversification - Small business (Income diversification) 13
  14. 14. Conclusions and Recommendations - Adaptive capacity and adaptation practices vary in accordance with location and communities even at the household level. - Adaptation practice is significantly influenced by all 5 assets in Kagbeni VDC; Human, physical and financial assets in Thumpokhara and Pragatinagar VDC. - Policy measures needs to focus to increase poor peoples access to technologies, skills for sustainable agriculture production. 14
  15. 15. Thank You !! 15
  16. 16. Socio-economic characteristics Variables VDC Unit Pragatinagar Thumpokhara Kagbeni Family Size Number 5.8 6.4 5.8 Dependency Ratio % 55.4 69.8 53.1 Literacy Rate % 91.2 82.2 75.8 Average Livestock Holding per family 5.2 6.9 37.7 Radio/Mobile Holding % 98.5 95.4 84.1 Community Organizations Number 47 31 18 Average time to reach (Physical Assets) Road Minute 2 90 120 Medical Centre Minute 30 120 120 Market Minute 20 120 120 School Minute 20 120 120 Agriculture/ Livestock services Minute 30 120 120 16
  17. 17. Socio-economic contd. 17 Variables VDC Unit Pragatinagar Thumpokhara Kagbeni Road facility Black topped road Kilometer 20 5 0 Gravel road Kilometer 120 0 0 Earthern road Kilometer 8 31 27 Irrigation facility % 34.2 27.2 69.2 Seed and grain storage % 87.4 82.5 83.2 Roof of House RCC % 16.2 6.2 7.8 Tin and tile % 54.7 72.8 2.6 Thatched roof % 29.1 21.1 0 Mud % 0 0 89.6 Annual Income source Agriculture % 44 39.1 24.2 Remittance % 25 28.1 66.7

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