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Mark Scheme (Results) January 2017 International GCSE Chemistry (4CH0) Paper 1C Science Double Award (4SC0) Paper 1C Pearson Edexcel Certificate in Chemistry (KCH0) Paper 1C Science (Double Award) (KSC0) Paper 1C
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Mark Scheme (Results) January 2017 International GCSE Chemistry (4CH0) Paper 1C Science Double Award (4SC0) Paper 1C

Pearson Edexcel Certificate in Chemistry (KCH0) Paper 1C Science (Double Award) (KSC0) Paper 1C

Edexcel and BTEC Qualifications

Edexcel and BTEC qualifications are awarded by Pearson, the UK’s largest

awarding body. We provide a wide range of qualifications including

academic, vocational, occupational and specific programmes for employers.

For further information visit our qualifications websites at www.edexcel.com

or www.btec.co.uk. Alternatively, you can get in touch with us using the

details on our contact us page at www.edexcel.com/contactus.

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January 2017

Publications Code 4CH0_1C_1701_MS

All the material in this publication is copyright

© Pearson Education Ltd 2017

General Marking Guidance

All candidates must receive the same treatment. Examiners must

mark the first candidate in exactly the same way as they mark the last.

Mark schemes should be applied positively. Candidates must be

rewarded for what they have shown they can do rather than penalised for omissions.

Examiners should mark according to the mark scheme not

according to their perception of where the grade boundaries may lie.

There is no ceiling on achievement. All marks on the mark scheme

should be used appropriately.

All the marks on the mark scheme are designed to be awarded. Examiners should always award full marks if deserved, i.e. if the answer matches the mark scheme. Examiners should also be

prepared to award zero marks if the candidate’s response is not worthy of credit according to the mark scheme.

Where some judgement is required, mark schemes will provide the

principles by which marks will be awarded and exemplification may be limited.

When examiners are in doubt regarding the application of the mark

scheme to a candidate’s response, the team leader must be consulted.

Crossed out work should be marked UNLESS the candidate has replaced it with an alternative response.

Question number

Answer Notes Marks

1 (a) A (He) 1

(b) D (water) 1

(c) C (simple distillation) 1

(d) (i) to prevent the inks/spots dissolving/mixing (in the solvent)

Ignore references to spots smudging/running Ignore references to diffusion/absorption

Accept spots would be washed off / washed away / leached

Ignore water for solvent

1

(ii) M1 identification of inks as (only) B

M2 (P and B) have a spot at the same height / OWTTE

Accept blob/mark/dye for spot Accept at same level/same distance/same place

Accept a spot which has the same Rf value

M2 DEP on M1

2

(iii) insoluble in the solvent Accept water for solvent Allow does not mix with solvent

Ignore does not react with solvent

1

(iv) M1 measurement of distance moved by A

M2 calculation of Rf value

accept any value in range 18-22

accept any number of significant figures Ignore units

M2 CQ M1

2

Correct answer with no working scores 2

(e) (i) NH4Cl 1

(ii) a circle around s AND a circle around g 1

(Total for Question 1 = 11 marks)

Question

number Answer Notes Marks

2 (a) diagram showing solid state Accept minimum of two complete rows

1

(b) C (regular vibrating) 1

(c) C (freezing) 1 (d) sublimation 1

(e) M1 water vapour

M2 steam

Accept in either order

2

(Total for Question 2 = 6 marks)

Question number

Answer Notes Marks

3 (a) V 1

(b) U AND X 1

(c) V 1

(d) (i) M1 CH4 + 2O2 → CO2 + 2H2O

M2 C2H4 + 2O2 → 2CO + 2H2O

Accept multiples and fractions

Accept multiples and fractions

2

(ii) it decreases the capacity of blood to transport oxygen OWTTE

Accept correct references to haemoglobin and/or carboxyhaemoglobin

1

(e) (i) nitrogen AND oxygen Accept answers in either order

1

(ii) HNO3 1

(iii) iron / steel / limestone / marble Ignore chalk

Ignore formula even if incorrect

1

(Total for Question 3 = 9 marks)

Question number

Answer Notes Marks

4 (a) (i) M1 A and B 3

M2 they have the same numbers of protons

DEP on correct choice of letters Accept same atomic number

Ignore references to electrons

M3 the numbers of protons and electrons are

equal

Allow M3 if at least two from A, B and E given

for M1 Ignore references to neutrons

Statement about equal/same numbers of protons and electrons scores M2 and M3

(ii) M1 G and H 3

M2 they have the same numbers of

protons DEP on correct choice of letters

Accept same atomic number Ignore references to electrons

M3 there are more electrons than protons Allow M3 if at least two from D, F, G, H given

for M1

Ignore references to neutrons

(iii) M1 A 2

M2 it has the fewest (total number of) protons and neutrons

DEP on correct choice of letter Accept fewest nucleons

Accept because its mass number is 10 Allow (A) because mass number is (sum of) the

number of protons and neutrons Ignore references to electrons

(iv) 2.5 Accept comma and other punctuation marks

Accept diagram showing electrons on circles

1

(b)

M1 setting out of calculation

M2 evaluation

M3 answer to 1 dp

eg (24 × 0.786) + (25 × 0.101) + (26 ×

0.113) 24.327 / 24.33

24.3

Ignore units Correct final answer with no working scores 3

marks

(Total for Question 4 = 12 marks)

3

Question number

Answer Notes Marks

5 (a) (i) 2 AND 3 AND 4 AND 5 Accept 2 – 5 1

(ii) M1 Ar / argon

M2 (because) it does not (easily) share/lose/gain electrons

Allow it has a full/complete outer shell (of electrons)

Allow it has eight electrons in its outer shell Ignore references to being stable / inert / a

noble gas / in Group 0 M2 DEP on M1

2

(iii) (they both have the) same number of / three

(electron) shells

Accept energy levels for shells

Accept valence shell is the third shell Ignore both have two electrons in inner/ first

shell / shell nearest nucleus

Ignore both have eight electrons in second/middle shell

1

(iv) (they both have) one electron / the same

number of electrons in their outer shell

Accept energy level for shell

Ignore both have two electrons in inner/first shell / shell nearest nucleus

Ignore both have eight electrons in second

shell

1

(v) (good) conductor of electricity Accept (good) conductor of heat Ignore references to melting point

/ boiling point / density Allow malleable/ductile Ignore shiny

1

Question number

Answer Notes Marks

5 (b) (i) Any two of: 1 mark for each 2

effervescence Accept equivalents including bubbles / fizzing Allow gas evolved / gas given off / gas formed

/ gas produced Ignore hydrogen / H2 Ignore incorrect name/formula of gas

(element/metal/lithium/potassium) moves

(element/metal/lithium/potassium) floats

Accept equivalents including darts

(element/metal/lithium/potassium) disappears / becomes smaller

Allow dissolves

Reject melts Ignore white trail / vigorous reaction / heat produced / temperature rises

(ii) flame / (element/metal/potassium) burns Ignore colour of flame

Accept melts / forms a ball Ignore explodes

1

(iii) (2Li + 2H2O →) 2LiOH + H2 M1 formulae LiOH and H2

M2 correct balancing

M2 DEP on M1

2

(iv) pink / red Ignore qualifiers such as light and dark

Reject all other colours 1

(v) OH— / HO— Ignore name

1

Question number

Answer Notes Marks

5 (c) (i) (mass of oxygen = 34.8 – 32.4 =) 2.4 g 1

(ii) M1 amount of silver (= 32.4 ) = 0.3 (mol) 108

M2 amount of oxygen (= 2.4 ) = 0.15 (mol) 16

M3 formula = Ag2O

M2 ECF from 5 (c) (i)

If division upside down or division by

atomic number, or incorrect Ar then cannot score M3

Correct final answer with no working scores 3 marks

3

(Total for Question 5 = 17 marks)

Question number

Answer Notes Marks

6 (a) Cl2 + 2KBr → Br2 + 2KCl

M1 all formulae correct

M2 correct balancing

Ignore state symbols Accept multiples or fractions

M2 DEP on M1

2

(b) M1 solution becomes yellow / orange Reject red Ignore brown

4

M2 reaction type is redox / displacement Allow reduction / oxidation Ignore substitution

M3 bromine / Br2 (causes final colour) Ignore Br

Reject bromide

M4 chlorine more reactive (than bromine) Accept reverse argument

Reject chloride/bromide in place of chlorine/bromine

(Total for Question 6 = 6 marks)

Question number

Answer Notes Marks

7 (a) (i) M1 wait until all the air has been flushed through

M2 (because) prevents (possible) explosion /

otherwise might be an explosion

Accept wait for a short time Allow check for leaks

Ignore hydrogen burns/is flammable

If no marks awarded allow 1 mark for (hydrogen can be) explosive / tie back

hair (to stop catching fire)

2

(ii) M1 effervescence

M2 (element/metal/magnesium) disappears

/ becomes smaller

Accept equivalents including bubbles / fizzing

Allow gas evolved / given off / formed / produced

Ignore hydrogen / H2 Ignore incorrect name/formula of gas

Allow dissolves

Ignore heat produced / temperature rises / flask gets warm

2

(iii) Solid/copper(II) oxide/it goes (from black to) orange /

brown / pink

Accept (drops of) liquid / water (on glass)

1

(iv) blue Ignore qualifiers such as pale / dark Reject all other colours

1

(v) (first equation)

M1 magnesium sulfate AND hydrogen

Accept names in either order

Ignore formulae even if incorrect

3

(second equation)

M2 copper AND water

Accept names in either order

Ignore formulae even if incorrect

(third equation) M3 water AND hydrated copper(II) sulfate

Ignore formulae even if incorrect Accept hydrated copper sulfate

Reject incorrect oxidation number Ignore hydrous

Question number

Answer Notes Marks

7 (b) M1 (litmus colour becomes) red

M2 (oxide of sulfur is) acidic

Ignore qualifiers such as pale / dark Allow pink

M2 dep on correct or missing M1

2

(c) MgSO3 Allow MgSO3 as product of an equation

Ignore H2O

1

(Total for Question 7 = 12 marks)

Question number

Answer Notes Marks

8 (a) (i)

M1 sodium hydroxide / NaOH (solution)

M2 pipette used to transfer (25 cm3 of) sodium hydroxide / alkali to a conical flask

M3 place (sulfuric) acid in burette

M4 add indicator (to conical flask)

M5 add acid (from burette to conical flask) until

indicator changes colour

Accept sodium carbonate / Na2CO3

Accept sodium carbonate / Na2CO3 M2 subsumes M1 if sodium hydroxide /sodium carbonate mentioned

Accept suitable named indicator Reject Universal Indicator

M5 subsumes M3 if burette mentioned

If named indicator is given any final colour given must be correct

Alkali in burette and acid in

pipette/conical flask can score max 3

5

(a) (ii) M1 (after) 23.20

M2 (before) 3.55

M3 (added) 19.65

Award 1 mark for both readings correct

but in wrong order

M3 CQ on (M1 – M2) Penalise an answer not to 2 dp once

only eg 23.2 3.5 19.7 scores 1

3

Question number

Answer Notes Marks

8 (b) M1 name of soluble barium compound

M2 mix/react/add (solutions/reactants) together OWTTE

M3 filter

M4 wash solid/residue/barium sulfate (with distilled/deionised water)

M5 appropriate method of drying solid

eg barium chloride / barium nitrate / barium hydroxide

accept correct formulae

M2 DEP on M1

Accept decant / pour off liquid

M4 and M5 DEP on M3

If method refers to, or infers use of, filtrate / solution / crystallisation

then cannot score M4, M5

5

eg leave it (to dry) / leave in a warm place / place in an oven / place in desiccator / heat it /

dry with absorbent paper (eg kitchen/filter/blotting)

Not just dry it Accept leave on a window ledge

M3 M4 M5 can be scored even if

preceding method invalid eg barium + sodium sulfate

(Total for Question 8 = 13 marks)

Question number

Answer Notes Marks

9 (a) (i) M1 Mr (CuO) = 79.5

M2 n (CuO) = (6.3 ÷ 79.5) = 0.079 (mol)

Accept 80

6.3 ÷ 79.5 Calculator gives 0.0792452830185

Accept any number of SF so Allow 0.08 Reject 0.07

6.3 ÷ 80

calculator gives 0.07875

ECF on incorrect Mr

Correct answer with no working scores 2

2

(ii) M1 n (H2SO4) = 52 × 1.1

1000

M2 = 0.057 (mol)

Accept 0.0572

Allow 0.06 Reject 0.05

Allow 1 mark for 57.2

Correct answer with no working scores 2

2

(iii) to (completely) neutralise the (sulfuric) acid Accept so that all acid used up/reacted Ignore to obtain a pure product

1

(iv)

Ignore labelling

Need funnel and paper

1

(b) M1 Mr (CuSO4.5H2O) = 249.5 M2 m (CuSO4.5H2O) = 249.5 × 0.12) = 30(g)

Accept 250 Accept 29.94 and 29.9

If use 250 accept 30.0 or 30

M2 CQ Mr

2

(Total for Question 9 = 8 marks)

Question number

Answer Notes Marks

10 (a) (38 ÷ 2 =) 19 (g) Accept [(37 to 40) ÷ 2 =] 18.5 to 20 1

(b) (i)

M1 + M2 all points plotted correctly to nearest gridline

Deduct 1 mark for each error

M3 straight line of best fit CQ points plotted

(ii) 7.4 (g)

Accept 7.2 to 7.6 1

(iii) M1 temperature decreases 2

M2 (so) change is endothermic

Accept ∆H is positive

M2 DEP on correct or missing M1

(iv) horizontal line above original line AND labelled

potassium nitrate solution

Accept potassium nitrate (aq) / aqueous

potassium nitrate CQ on M2 in (iii)

1

Question number

Answer Notes Marks

10 (c) M1 correct substitution of values including

temperature change

M2 correct final answer (in J)

Q = 50 × 4.2 × 19

= 4000 / 3990

M2 CQ on incorrect ΔT

If m = 65 allow 1 mark for 5200, 5190 or 5187

Accept answer in kJ Ignore sign

2

Correct final answer with no working scores 2

marks

(Total for Question 10 = 10 marks)

Question number

Answer Notes Marks

Any four from:

11 (a) M1 heat / vaporise (the crude oil)

M2 vapour/gas rises up the column

M3 column cooler at top / hotter at bottom

M4 fractions condense when temperature lower

than their boiling point

M5 fuel oil has high boiling point so condenses/is collected near bottom

Accept boil

Accept hydrocarbons / molecules / fuel oil /

crude oil in place of vapour Accept temperature gradient in column

Allow fuel oil condenses at its boiling point

Accept reference to fractions/hydrocarbons separate according to boiling points

Heavier fractions / heaviest fractions / long chain molecules / longest chain molecules condense/are collected near bottom

4

(b) (i) alumina / silica Accept aluminosilicate / zeolite aluminium oxide / silicon dioxide

Accept correct formulae

1

(ii) C17H36 → 2C3H6 + C11H24

1

(iii) M1 (they/all contain) hydrogen and carbon (atoms)

M2 only

Accept H and C Accept particles/elements in place of atoms

Reject ions/molecules/compounds in place of atoms

Reject element instead of they/all Reject H2 Reject mixture

Accept equivalent terms such as solely

/ and no other element

2

M2 DEP on reference to hydrogen and carbon

even if M1 not awarded

(iv) M1 C17H36 and C11H24

M2 (because they) have only single bonds

Accept reactant AND other product/alkane formed

Accept have no double/multiple bonds

2

(c) M1 (EF is CH3S) and EF mass = 47

M2 C2H6S2

Accept EF mass = half of Mr / EF mass = half

of 94 / Mr = 2 x EF mass / 94 ÷ 47 = 2

Accept elements in any order Award 2 marks for correct final answer with no

working

2

(d) B (C3H6Br2) 1

Question number

Answer Notes Marks

11 (e) (i)

Ignore bond angles 1

(ii)

M1 chain of two carbon atoms joined by single bond AND both continuation bonds

M2 one CH3 group in any position AND three H atoms

M2 DEP on M1

Do not penalise bond to H of CH3

Any structure with double bond scores 0/2

Three or more CH2 groups linked together scores 0/2 Allow two or more repeat units if correct

Ignore brackets and subscripted n

2

(Total for Question 11 = 16 marks)

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