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Matter II. Classification of Matter Matter Flowchart Pure Substances Mixtures.

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Matter II. Classification of Matter Matter Flowchart Pure Substances Mixtures
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Page 1: Matter II. Classification of Matter  Matter Flowchart  Pure Substances  Mixtures.

Matter

II. Classification of Matter

Matter Flowchart

Pure Substances

Mixtures

Page 2: Matter II. Classification of Matter  Matter Flowchart  Pure Substances  Mixtures.

A. Matter Flowchart

MATTER

Can it be physically separated?

Homogeneous Mixture

(solution)

Heterogeneous Mixture Compound Element

MIXTURE PURE SUBSTANCE

yes no

Can it be chemically decomposed?

noyesIs the composition uniform?

noyes

Colloids Suspensions

Page 3: Matter II. Classification of Matter  Matter Flowchart  Pure Substances  Mixtures.

A. Matter Flowchart

Examples:

graphite

pepper

sugar (sucrose)

paint

soda

element

hetero. mixture

compound

hetero. mixture

solution

Page 4: Matter II. Classification of Matter  Matter Flowchart  Pure Substances  Mixtures.

B. Pure Substances

Element composed of identical atoms EX: copper wire, aluminum foil

Page 5: Matter II. Classification of Matter  Matter Flowchart  Pure Substances  Mixtures.

B. Pure Substances

Compound

composed of 2 or more elements in a fixed ratio

properties differ from those of individual elements

EX: table salt (NaCl)

Page 6: Matter II. Classification of Matter  Matter Flowchart  Pure Substances  Mixtures.

B. Pure Substances

Law of Definite Composition

A given compound always contains the same, fixed ratio of elements.

Law of Multiple Proportions

Elements can combine in different ratios to form different compounds.

Page 7: Matter II. Classification of Matter  Matter Flowchart  Pure Substances  Mixtures.

B. Pure Substances

For example…

Two different compounds, each has a definite composition.

Page 8: Matter II. Classification of Matter  Matter Flowchart  Pure Substances  Mixtures.

C. Mixtures

Variable combination of 2 or more pure substances.

Heterogeneous Homogeneous

Page 9: Matter II. Classification of Matter  Matter Flowchart  Pure Substances  Mixtures.

C. Mixtures

Solution homogeneous very small particles no Tyndall effect Tyndall Effect

particles don’t settle EX: rubbing alcohol

Page 10: Matter II. Classification of Matter  Matter Flowchart  Pure Substances  Mixtures.

C. Mixtures

Colloid heterogeneous medium-sized particles Tyndall effect particles don’t settle EX: milk

Page 11: Matter II. Classification of Matter  Matter Flowchart  Pure Substances  Mixtures.

C. Mixtures

Suspension heterogeneous large particles Tyndall effect particles settle EX: fresh-squeezed

lemonade

Page 12: Matter II. Classification of Matter  Matter Flowchart  Pure Substances  Mixtures.

C. Mixtures

Examples:

mayonnaise

muddy water

fog

saltwater

Italian salad dressing

colloid

suspension

colloid

solution

suspension


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