+ All Categories
Home > Documents > Mayan Calendar Presentation

Mayan Calendar Presentation

Date post: 23-Mar-2016
Author: perica-sardzoski
View: 218 times
Download: 1 times
Share this document with a friend
Power Point presentation about the Mayan Calendar
Embed Size (px)
of 11 /11
Page 1: Mayan Calendar Presentation


Page 2: Mayan Calendar Presentation

The Gregorian calendar is the internationally accepted civil calendar. It was introduced by Pope Gregory XIII, after whom the calendar was named, by a decree signed on 24 February 1582. The reformed calendar was adopted later that year by a handful of countries, with other countries adopting it over the following centuries. The Gregorian calendar reform contained two parts, a reform of the Juliancalendar as used up to Pope Gregory's time, together with a reform of the lunar cycle used by the Church along with the Julian calendar for calculating dates of Easter.

Page 3: Mayan Calendar Presentation

- 365.2424 days- 12 unequal months- Physical movement of the Earth

- Tzolk’in – 260 days- Haab – 18 months/20 days + 5 days (total 365 days)- Long Count – 52 solar years

Page 4: Mayan Calendar Presentation

The Maya's had an extremely complicatedmethod of keeping track of time, based onthree separate calendars. The most important, most encompassing of these calendars holdsthe `Long Count': the period from the beginning until the end of time. And on December 21st 2012, the Long Count expires. It will be point zero. Time will be up for the Universe. It will be, literally, the end of days.

Big deal, you might say. Still, there's a coupleof very interesting (and disturbing) facts aboutthe Maya calendar's end. Most intriguing, 21-12-2012 is not a day like any other. Up in the sky, an extraordinary and incredibly rareevent will take place. The Sun will move to a unique spot in the sky -- and hold still for a while, since it is solstice day. The Sun will sit precisely on the heavenly crossroads between the Milky Way and the galactic equinox, forming a perfect alignment with the center of the galaxy.

Er... what?

Page 5: Mayan Calendar Presentation

Well: the night time sky is crossed by several mathematical lines. One is the axis of the Milky Way -- the Milky Way, as you may know, being that bright band of stars you can see running across the heavens on a clear night. Another important line is the cosmological ecliptic: the axis along which the constellationstravel, the line that defines coordinates in space.

The Mayan calendar is only a human construct, description of our journey through time. But out in our galaxy there is a giant wheel revolving -we are actually on a slow wobble and the stars are just appearing to revolve. This "precession of the equinoxes" takes 25,800 years to complete one cycle, and within this cycle we can observe conjunctions in the heavens between the stars and our solar system.

Page 6: Mayan Calendar Presentation

Our galaxy has a centre which all the stars take millions of years to revolve around, and it is located in the starriest part of the Milky Way, as seen from Earth. On four occasions within the 25,800-year cycle our galactic centre aligns with the sunrise of a solstice or equinox. The last time it occurred was on a fall equinox 6,450 years ago, approximately the dawn of Old World civilizations. On Dec 21, 2012, which is a winter solstice (Northern Hemisphere) this centre will align with our sun once more.

You can say a lot about the Maya, but you've got to hand it to them: they knew a hell of a lot about stars. For instance, they calculated the exact duration of a year to a thousandth of a decimal point, much more precise than any Greek or other enlightened philosophers ever did. Also, they were able to predict every solar and lunar eclipse until this day. And obviously, they knew where the galactic equinox and the exact middle of the Milky Way lay: they called this crossing `the Sacred Tree'.

Page 7: Mayan Calendar Presentation

More disturbing, the Maya's were awfully good at astrology, too. Mysteriously, they predicted in what year their civilization would be overrun by foreigners coming from over the seas. Legend has it they even predicted the world wars. So if a Maya tells you the world will end in 2012, you'd better take it seriously.

But actually, the Maya's never predicted anything concrete about 2012. That may have something to do with our ill knowledge about Maya culture: when the Spanish ransacked the land, they burnt literally every Maya book they could find. Only a handful of scriptures survived. And in them, there's not a clue about what happens when the Maya calendar ends.

Page 8: Mayan Calendar Presentation

With the development of the Long Count calendar, the Maya had an elegant system with which events could be recorded in a linear relationship to one another, and also with respect to the calendar ("linear time") itself.

In order to mark the end of the calendar the Mayans built monuments, such as the pyramids in Tikal and Yaxha, which were inscribed with symbols to mark the most important events throughout history.

According to ancient Mayan beliefs the Cosmos was made up by Nine Underworlds. This fundamental idea was expressed very powerfully through their most important pyramids, the Pyramid of the Plumed Serpent in Chichen-Itza, the Pyramid of the Jaguar in Tikal and the Temple of the Inscriptions in Palenque, which were all built with Nine different stories.

Page 9: Mayan Calendar Presentation

13 intentions and 20 aspects of creation

13 x 20 days = 260 days (the Tzolk’in year)

13 x 360 days = 4680 days-13 years-1999 (Galactic)

13 x 19.7 years = 256 years-1755 (Planetary)

13 x 397 years = 5127 years-3115BC (National)

13 x 8000 years = 102,000 years (Cultural)

13 x 160,000 years = 2 million years (Tribal)

13 x 3.2 million years = 41 million years (Familiar)

13 x 63 million years = 820 mill. years (Mammalian)

13 x 1.26 billion years = 16.4 BYA (Cellular)


Page 10: Mayan Calendar Presentation

- The Universe has a calculated age of 13.73 ± 0.12 billion years. (Wikipedia)

- The earliest phases of the Big Bang are subject to much speculation. (Wikipedia)

- The Solar System consists of the Sun and those celestial objects bound to it by gravity, all of which formed from the collapse of a giant molecular cloud

approximately 4.6 billion years ago. (Wikipedia)

- The Gregorian calendar improves the approximation made by the Julian calendar by skipping three Julian leap days in every 400 years, giving an average year of 365.2425 solar

days long. (Wikipedia)

- The mean evidence states that widespread control of fire began 800,000 years ago (Wikipedia)

- A recent discovery indicates that early humans have first known the principles of fire-making 790 millennia ago, when mastering this skill allowed them protection against wild

animals, and also ensured light and warmth in their sturdy hearths. (Softpedia)

- The earliest known European cave paintings date to Aurignacian, some 32,000 years ago. (Wikipedia)

Page 11: Mayan Calendar Presentation

According to quantum mechanics reality consists of probabilities and

possibilities that collapse to the real only when a conscious mind makes an observation. However, the conscious

mind with all of its observations is not realized until a second mind

observes it. The second mind in turn needs a third observer to become

real who needs a fourth onto infinitum…

According to Wigner this paradox is only resolved at the end of time

when an ultimate observer (final mind) would make the final

observation of all, terminating the chain of possibilities that reached

back to the birth of the universe. In that instant the history of the

present with all the suffering and wars would be eliminated and everyone living would be in an

optimal history.