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Media ethics ppt

Date post:22-Nov-2014
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  • 1. What is privacy right? Constitutional provisions for protection of privacy Do public figures have rights of privacy ? Can people have privacy rights in public places? United nations universal declaration of human rights Paparazzi
  • 2. The gist of the privacy right is that you get to control information about you. ,a former Supreme Court Justice, in 1890 said about this right as " .
  • 3. unreasonable intrusion upon the seclusion of another (for example, photographing someone through the window of their house, unknown to them); or appropriation of anothers name or likeness; or unreasonable publicity given to anothers private life; or publicity that unreasonably places another in a false light before the public.
  • 4. (1)The right to privacy is implicit in the right to life and liberty guaranteed to the citizens of this country by It is a . A citizen has a . Position may, however, be different, if a person voluntarily thrusts himself into controversy or voluntarily invites or raises a controversy.
  • 5. (2) The rule aforesaid is subject to the exception, that any publication concerning the aforesaid aspects becomes unobjectionable if such publication is based upon public records including court records. This is for the reason that once a matter becomes a matter of public record, the right to privacy no longer subsists and it becomes a legitimate subject for comment by press and media among others. However, in the interests of decency [Article 19(2)] an exception must be carved out to this rule, viz., a female who is the victim of a sexual assault, kidnap, abduction or a like offence should not further be subjected to the indignity of her name and the incident being publicised in press/media.
  • 6. (3) Another exception to the Article 21 is in the case of public officials. Right to privacy and the remedy of action for damages is simply not available with respect to their acts and conduct relevant to the discharge of their official duties. But in matters not relevant to the discharge of his duties, the public official enjoys the same protection as any other citizen, as explained in (1) and (2) above. (4) So far as the Government, local authority and other organs and institutions exercising governmental power are concerned, they cannot maintain a suit for damages for defaming them.
  • 7. (5)
  • 8. Public figures have lower expectations of privacy, especially if they are exercising public power. Their families and business associates also have correspondingly lower expectations. Still, celebrities who take steps to shield parts of their lives from the public gaze may have higher expectations of privacy. Celebrities children are still likely to receive a high degree of protection.
  • 9. It will be rare for things occurring in public to give rise to privacy rights. It may be crossing the line, for example, to publish: moments of distress or anguish, such as pictures of a distraught man carrying a knife after he attempted suicide; traumatic or humiliating footage at an accident or crime scene; an intimate conversation; images containing nudity or near-nudity, especially if the person is caught unawares; moments of humiliation, especially if the person is particularly vulnerable. Restrained coverage of victims and police or rescue workers at an accident or crime scene is unlikely to breach privacy rights.
  • 10. The 30 Articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights has been created especially for young people. There in Article 12, Right to privacy has been mentioned
  • 11. Paparazzi is an Italian term used to refer to photographers who hunt and exploit athletes, celebrities, politicians, and other prominent people. Paparazzi tend to be independent contractors, unaffiliated with any mainstream media organization.

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