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1361 Medical News. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY.-The following de- grees were conferred on April 29th :- M.D.—A. W. Wakefield, Trinity; S. Gooding, St. John’s; E. E. Glynn, Clare; W. F. Buckle, Gonville and Caius ; and R. A. Clapham, Emmanuel. M.B., B.C.—M. W. B. Oliver, Trinity. .B.C.—A. W. D. Firth, Trinity. Professor Sims Woodhead has been re-appointed the repre- sentative of the University on the Council of the Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine. FOREIGN UNIVERSITY INTELLIGENCE.- Berlin Dr. Justus Bodeker, privat-docent of Psychiatry, has been granted the title of Professor.-Breslau : An Otological Clinic has just been established with 24 beds and a lecture theatre capable of accommodating 60 students. This is the third university otological clinic established in Prussia.- Cologne (Medical Academy): Dr. Franz Dautwiz, senior staff surgeon in the Prussian army and lecturer in medicine, also Dr. Dreesmann, surgeon to the St. Vincent Hospital, have been granted the title of Professor.—Göttingen : Dr. Max Voit of Freiburg has been recognised as privat-docent of Anatomy.—Gratz : Dr. Walter Schauenstein has been re- cognised as privat-docent of Midwifery and Gynaecology.— Heidelberg: Dr. Knauff, Professor; of Hygiene and Forensic Medicine, will retire at the end of the current session.- Jena : Dr. Hermann Durck of Munich has been appointed Professor of Pathological Anatomy in succession to Pro- fessor M. W. Mullen, resigned.—Kiel : The honorary Doctorate of Medicine has been conferred on Professor Johanna Mestorf, the venerable lady director of the Schleswig-Holstein Antiquarian Museum, in consideration of her valuable prehistoric anthropological researches. She is retiring from the post she has held for very many years on her eightieth birthday.—Lemberg : Dr. Wilold Nowicki has been recognised as privat-docent of Pathological Anatomy.—Padua : Dr. Tamassin, Professor of Forensic Medicine, has been appointed a Senator of the kingdom of Italy.—Vienna : Dr. Egon Ranzi has been recognised as privat-docent of Surgery. UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD.—The following dates of examinations have been announced :-Examination for M.Ch. Degree : The examination for the Degree of Master in Surgery will commence at 10 A.M. in the medical depart- ment at the museum an Thursday, June 24th. Names must be sent in to the assistant registrar at the University Registry not later than 10.30 A.M. on Friday, June 4th. The statutable fee (£5) and the required certificates must be given in at the same time. Examination for the D.P.H. : The examination for the Diploma in Public Health will commence on Tuesday, Nov. 16th, at the museum. Both parts may be taken together at the same examination or they may be taken at separate examinations, but no one will be deemed to have satisfied the examiners in Part II. unless he has satisfied the examiners in the subjects of Part I. The fee for each part is f’.5. Names of candidates and fees must be sent in not later than 10.30 A.M. on Tuesday, Oct. 26th, to the assistant registrar, from whom all particulars can be obtained. LIVERPOOL SCHOOL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE.— The Incorporated School of Tropical Medicine gives instruc- ’, tion in tropical medicine for the diploma in that subject which is granted by the University of Liverpool, and the period of instruction lasts for three months. Two of these courses are given in the year, the one from Jan. 6th to April 5th, and the other from Sept. 15th to Dec. 13th. In the summer there is held the short course which lasts from June lst to June 30th. At the end of this short course an examination is held and a certificate of satisfactory attend- ance is granted to those who pass the examination. This certificate excuses holders from attendance during the first four weeks of the full Lent and autumn courses, one of which is necessary for the diploma. The short course has been specially designed for those medical men who are at home on leave and who have not the time to attend the full course for the diploma. It consists entirely of practical and clinical laboratory work given at the University labora- tory and at the Royal Southern Hospital. During this short course the instruction on parasitology will be given by Dr. J. W. W. Stephens and that on medical entomology by Mr. Robert Newstead. The course also includes instruction in the microscopic diagnosis of malaria. The fee for the course is 4 guineas, and applications to attend it are to be sent to the Dean of the Medical Faculty, University of Liverpool. The fee must be paid in advance to the secretary of the- school, B 10, Exchange Buildings, Liverpool. UNIVERSITY OF LONDON.-A course of eight lectures on the "Structure and Functions of the Central Nervous System " will be given in the Physiological Institute- of University College by Dr. W. Page May on Tuesdays at 5 P.M., beginning on Tuesday, May llth. These lectures are open to all students of the University of London, also to qualified medical men on presentation of their cards. THE GLASGOW UNIVERSITY CLUB, LONDON.- The members of this club will dine at the Trocadero Restaurant on May 25th at 7.30 P.M. The Right Hon. Alexander Ure, K.C., M.P., Lord Advocate, will take the chair. Members who intend to be present or to introduce guests are requested to give notice as early as possible to, Mr. W. Craig Henderson, 2, Paper- buildings, Temple, London, E.C. THE annual meeting of the Children’s Country Holidays Fund will be held at the Whitehall Rooms, Hotel Metropole, on Tuesday, May 18th, at 4.30. H.R.H. the Duchess of Albany will preside. The speakers will include the Right Hon. the Earl of Erroll, the Right Hon. Herbert Samuel, M.P., the Lord Bishop of Stepney, and Mrs. Scharlieb, M. D. ROYAL SANITARY INSTITUTE. - A provincial sessional meeting of the Institute will be held at the Council Chamber, Guildhall, Norwich, on Saturday, May 22nd, at 11 A.M., when a discussion will take place on the Special Features of the Travis Hydrolytic Systems- of Sewage Tanks Constructed for Norwich. The discussion will be opened by Mr. Arthur E. Collins, M.Inst.C.E., city engineer, Norwich. The chair will be taken at 11 A.M. by Mr. H. D. Searles Wood, F.R.I.B.A., chairman of the council of the Institute. : CHELSEA HOSPITAL FOR WOMEN.-By the kind permission of Mary Countess of Ilchester, a concert in, aid of the Chelsea Hospital for Women will be held in the Garden Ball Room at Holland House, Kensington, on Friday, June llth, at 3 P.M., when the gardens at Holland House will be thrown open to the audience. Tickets, price 21s. and 10s. 6d., can be obtained from the Countess of Ilchester, Holland House, Kensington, W., the Viscountess. Esher,,2, Tilney-street, W., Mrs. Fenton, 27, George-street, Hanover-square, W., and the secretary, Chelsea Hospital for- Women, Fulham-road, S.W. ROYAL COLLEGE OF SURGEONS IN IRELAND.- At a meeting of the Council held on May 4th the following examiners were elected for the ensuing year :- Court A. -For Conjoint Licence, Diploma in Public Health, and, Preliminary-Anatomy: Alexander Fraser and Bertram C. A. Windle. Surgery: Charles A. K. Ball, Alexander Blaney, F. Conway-Dwyer, and Robert J. Harvey. Physi-- ology and Histology : Denis J. Coffey and E. L’Estrange Ledwich. Pathology and Bacteriology : Arthur Hamilton White. Midwifery and Gynaecology: Frederic W. Kidd. Biology: John J. Burgess. Ophthalmology: Arthur H. Benson, Herbert H. B. Cunningham, and Herbert C Mooney. Sanitary Law and Vital Statistics: Matthew J. Russell. Engineering and Architecture: James H. Fergusson. Languages : William Kennedy. Mathematics, Physics, Dictation, and English Essay: J. W. Tristram. Court -B. Fellowship, Licence in Surgery (for regis- tered practitioners), Licence in Midwifery (for regis- tered practitioners), and Licence in Dental Surgery- Anatomy : Alexander Fraser and Edward P. McLoughlin. Surgery : Charles A. K. Ball, Alexander Blaney, F. Conway- Dwyer, and Leveson G. Gunn. Physiology and Histology - e Denis J. Coffey and E. L’Estrange Ledwich. Pathology and Bacteriology: Robert J. Rowlett and Arthur Hamilton White. Midwifery and Gynaecology : Frederic W. Kidd. Chemistry and Physics : Edwin Lapper and Robert J. Montgomery. Dental Surgery and Pathology : George-
Transcript

1361

Medical News.CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY.-The following de-

grees were conferred on April 29th :-M.D.—A. W. Wakefield, Trinity; S. Gooding, St. John’s; E. E.Glynn, Clare; W. F. Buckle, Gonville and Caius ; and R. A.Clapham, Emmanuel.

M.B., B.C.—M. W. B. Oliver, Trinity..B.C.—A. W. D. Firth, Trinity.

Professor Sims Woodhead has been re-appointed the repre-sentative of the University on the Council of the ListerInstitute of Preventive Medicine.

FOREIGN UNIVERSITY INTELLIGENCE.-Berlin Dr. Justus Bodeker, privat-docent of Psychiatry, hasbeen granted the title of Professor.-Breslau : An OtologicalClinic has just been established with 24 beds and a lecturetheatre capable of accommodating 60 students. This is thethird university otological clinic established in Prussia.-

Cologne (Medical Academy): Dr. Franz Dautwiz, senior staffsurgeon in the Prussian army and lecturer in medicine, alsoDr. Dreesmann, surgeon to the St. Vincent Hospital, havebeen granted the title of Professor.—Göttingen : Dr. MaxVoit of Freiburg has been recognised as privat-docent of

Anatomy.—Gratz : Dr. Walter Schauenstein has been re-

cognised as privat-docent of Midwifery and Gynaecology.—Heidelberg: Dr. Knauff, Professor; of Hygiene and ForensicMedicine, will retire at the end of the current session.-Jena : Dr. Hermann Durck of Munich has been appointedProfessor of Pathological Anatomy in succession to Pro-fessor M. W. Mullen, resigned.—Kiel : The honoraryDoctorate of Medicine has been conferred on ProfessorJohanna Mestorf, the venerable lady director of theSchleswig-Holstein Antiquarian Museum, in considerationof her valuable prehistoric anthropological researches.She is retiring from the post she has held for very manyyears on her eightieth birthday.—Lemberg : Dr. WiloldNowicki has been recognised as privat-docent of PathologicalAnatomy.—Padua : Dr. Tamassin, Professor of ForensicMedicine, has been appointed a Senator of the kingdom ofItaly.—Vienna : Dr. Egon Ranzi has been recognised asprivat-docent of Surgery.

UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD.—The following datesof examinations have been announced :-Examination forM.Ch. Degree : The examination for the Degree of Masterin Surgery will commence at 10 A.M. in the medical depart-ment at the museum an Thursday, June 24th. Names mustbe sent in to the assistant registrar at the University Registrynot later than 10.30 A.M. on Friday, June 4th. Thestatutable fee (£5) and the required certificates must be givenin at the same time. Examination for the D.P.H. : Theexamination for the Diploma in Public Health will commenceon Tuesday, Nov. 16th, at the museum. Both parts may betaken together at the same examination or they may be takenat separate examinations, but no one will be deemed to havesatisfied the examiners in Part II. unless he has satisfied theexaminers in the subjects of Part I. The fee for each partis f’.5. Names of candidates and fees must be sent in notlater than 10.30 A.M. on Tuesday, Oct. 26th, to the assistantregistrar, from whom all particulars can be obtained.

LIVERPOOL SCHOOL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE.—The Incorporated School of Tropical Medicine gives instruc- ’,tion in tropical medicine for the diploma in that subjectwhich is granted by the University of Liverpool, and theperiod of instruction lasts for three months. Two of thesecourses are given in the year, the one from Jan. 6th toApril 5th, and the other from Sept. 15th to Dec. 13th. Inthe summer there is held the short course which lasts fromJune lst to June 30th. At the end of this short course anexamination is held and a certificate of satisfactory attend-ance is granted to those who pass the examination. Thiscertificate excuses holders from attendance during the firstfour weeks of the full Lent and autumn courses, one ofwhich is necessary for the diploma. The short course hasbeen specially designed for those medical men who are athome on leave and who have not the time to attend thefull course for the diploma. It consists entirely of practicaland clinical laboratory work given at the University labora-tory and at the Royal Southern Hospital. During this short

course the instruction on parasitology will be given by Dr.J. W. W. Stephens and that on medical entomology by Mr.Robert Newstead. The course also includes instruction inthe microscopic diagnosis of malaria. The fee for the courseis 4 guineas, and applications to attend it are to be sent tothe Dean of the Medical Faculty, University of Liverpool.The fee must be paid in advance to the secretary of the-school, B 10, Exchange Buildings, Liverpool.

UNIVERSITY OF LONDON.-A course of eightlectures on the "Structure and Functions of the CentralNervous System " will be given in the Physiological Institute-of University College by Dr. W. Page May on Tuesdays at5 P.M., beginning on Tuesday, May llth. These lecturesare open to all students of the University of London, also toqualified medical men on presentation of their cards.

THE GLASGOW UNIVERSITY CLUB, LONDON.-The members of this club will dine at the TrocaderoRestaurant on May 25th at 7.30 P.M. The Right Hon.Alexander Ure, K.C., M.P., Lord Advocate, will take thechair. Members who intend to be present or to introduceguests are requested to give notice as early as possible to,Mr. W. Craig Henderson, 2, Paper- buildings, Temple,London, E.C.

THE annual meeting of the Children’s CountryHolidays Fund will be held at the Whitehall Rooms, HotelMetropole, on Tuesday, May 18th, at 4.30. H.R.H. theDuchess of Albany will preside. The speakers will includethe Right Hon. the Earl of Erroll, the Right Hon. HerbertSamuel, M.P., the Lord Bishop of Stepney, and Mrs.Scharlieb, M. D.

ROYAL SANITARY INSTITUTE. - A provincialsessional meeting of the Institute will be held at theCouncil Chamber, Guildhall, Norwich, on Saturday,May 22nd, at 11 A.M., when a discussion will take placeon the Special Features of the Travis Hydrolytic Systems-of Sewage Tanks Constructed for Norwich. The discussionwill be opened by Mr. Arthur E. Collins, M.Inst.C.E., cityengineer, Norwich. The chair will be taken at 11 A.M. byMr. H. D. Searles Wood, F.R.I.B.A., chairman of the councilof the Institute. :

CHELSEA HOSPITAL FOR WOMEN.-By the kindpermission of Mary Countess of Ilchester, a concert in,aid of the Chelsea Hospital for Women will be held in theGarden Ball Room at Holland House, Kensington, onFriday, June llth, at 3 P.M., when the gardens at HollandHouse will be thrown open to the audience. Tickets, price21s. and 10s. 6d., can be obtained from the Countess ofIlchester, Holland House, Kensington, W., the Viscountess.Esher,,2, Tilney-street, W., Mrs. Fenton, 27, George-street,Hanover-square, W., and the secretary, Chelsea Hospital for-Women, Fulham-road, S.W.

ROYAL COLLEGE OF SURGEONS IN IRELAND.-At a meeting of the Council held on May 4th the followingexaminers were elected for the ensuing year :- Court A.-For Conjoint Licence, Diploma in Public Health, and,Preliminary-Anatomy: Alexander Fraser and BertramC. A. Windle. Surgery: Charles A. K. Ball, Alexander

Blaney, F. Conway-Dwyer, and Robert J. Harvey. Physi--ology and Histology : Denis J. Coffey and E. L’EstrangeLedwich. Pathology and Bacteriology : Arthur HamiltonWhite. Midwifery and Gynaecology: Frederic W. Kidd.Biology: John J. Burgess. Ophthalmology: Arthur H.Benson, Herbert H. B. Cunningham, and Herbert CMooney. Sanitary Law and Vital Statistics: MatthewJ. Russell. Engineering and Architecture: James H.Fergusson. Languages : William Kennedy. Mathematics,Physics, Dictation, and English Essay: J. W. Tristram.Court -B. - Fellowship, Licence in Surgery (for regis-tered practitioners), Licence in Midwifery (for regis-tered practitioners), and Licence in Dental Surgery-Anatomy : Alexander Fraser and Edward P. McLoughlin.Surgery : Charles A. K. Ball, Alexander Blaney, F. Conway-Dwyer, and Leveson G. Gunn. Physiology and Histology - eDenis J. Coffey and E. L’Estrange Ledwich. Pathologyand Bacteriology: Robert J. Rowlett and Arthur HamiltonWhite. Midwifery and Gynaecology : Frederic W. Kidd.

Chemistry and Physics : Edwin Lapper and Robert J.

Montgomery. Dental Surgery and Pathology : George-

1362M. P. Murray and William ’G. Story. Mechanical Den-tistry : Daniel L. Rogers and Edward L. Sheridan.

THE King has sent a present of linen to theChelsea Hospital for Women.

A DORSET CENTENARIAN.—William Butler ofNewtown, Branksome, has recently completed his hundredthyear.THE German Society of Orthopaedic Surgery

has elected Professor Joachimsthal as president during thecoming year, and the German Surgical Society has electedProfessor Bier of Berlin as its next president.

Mr. Frederick Weatherly, M.R.C.S. Eng.,L.S.A., J.P., of Portishead, Somerset, who has entered hisninetieth year, has just resigned the position of chairman ofthe Long Ashton board of guardians. Mr. Weatherly wascoopted as second vice-chairman.

DONATIONS AND BEQUESTS.—The BromptonHospital for Consumption has received from Washingtoncheques for$1000 (£200) and$500 (£100), representing theprizes awarded to the hospital and the Frimley Sanatoriumat the recent International Tuberculosis Congress.-Mr. JohnColes of Tiverton has given another .E1000 to the funds of theTiverton (Devon) Infirmary.LONDON SCHOOL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE.-The

number of students desirous of taking out the course at theLondon School of Tropical Medicine has increased so rapidlythat the accommodation of the school has been strained toits limits, and the committee regrets that it is unable to

accept any further students for the present course, though inspecial cases application may be made to the director in casea vacancy has occurred. There is still room for studentswho desire to take out the advanced courses. The nextsession will commence on Oct. lst.

MIDWIVES ACT COMMITTEE. - The eleventhmeeting of the Departmental Committee appointed by theLord President of the Council to consider the working of theMidwives Act was held at the Privy Council Office on

May 5th, Mr. Almeric W. FitzRoy, the clerk of the Council,presiding. Evidence was tendered on behalf of the BritishMedical Association by the following witnesses: Mr. J.Smith Whitaker, medical secretary of the Association ; Mr.C. E, S. Flemming, Bradford-on-Avon; Dr. L. S. McManus,Wandsworth ; and Dr. J. H. Taylor, Salford.

POOR-LAW MEDICAL OFFICERS’ ASSOCIATION OFENGLAND AND WALES.-The annual general meeting of thisassociation is to take place this year on July 6th at theGuildhall, London, and a conference will there be openedon the Report of the Royal Commission with regard to Poor-law Medical Relief. The Lord Mayor has promised to openthis conference at 11 A.M. in the Council Chamber of theGuildhall. All Poor-law medical officers in England andWales are invited to attend and any desiring to read papersat the conference should send abstracts of such papers tothe honorary secretary of the association, Dr. M. Green-wood, 243, Hackney-road, London, N.E.

THE NOTIFICATION OF GLANDERS : AN EXEMPLARYPENALTY.—According to a Times report, on May 3rd SirA. De Rutzen at Bow-street police court completed the

hearing of nine summonses against the London ParcelsDelivery Company, Limited, and their superintendent, GeorgeClawpett, charging the company with contravening theNotification of Glanders Order, 1907, by failing to givenotice to the local authority or the police of the presence ofone diseased and eight "suspected " horses in certain of theirstables. In our issue of March 13th we reported an inqueston the body of Charles Edward Davis, a horsekeeper, who wasfound to have died in St. Thomas’s Hospital from glanders.This man had been employed by the defendants, and in thepresent prosecution it was given in evidence that since hisdeath all their horses have been examined and 200 slaughtered.The defence raised was the difficulty of diagnosing thedisease in animals not suspected of it, several veterinarysurgeons deposing that a horse which reacted to malleinmight work for several years and never show any signs ofglanders. The magistrate held the defendants to blame innot having :called in veterinary aid sooner than they did,and fined each defendant the maximum penalty of £20 on .

four of the summonses and ls. each on the other five, a total

of 980 5s. ; and he ordered the company to pay R26 5s.costs. There is little doubt that this salutary judgmentwas based on the unfortunate death due to the outbreak.It should serve to bring home to the owners of stables thedangers of disobeying an order framed in the necessaryinterests of public protection.

ROYAL INSTITUTION.—The annual meeting ofthe members of the Royal Institution was held on May lst, SirJames Crichton-Browne, treasurer and vice-president, beingin the chair. The annual report of the committee of visitorsfor the year 1908, testifying to the continued prosperity ofthe institution, was read and adopted, and the report on theDavy Faraday Research Laboratory of the Royal Institution,which accompanied it, was also read. 48 new memberswere elected and 63 lectures and 19 evening discourses weredelivered in 1908. 936 volumes were added to the library inthe year. The following gentlemen were unanimously electedas officers for the ensuing year : President, the Duke ofNorthumberland. Treasurer, Sir James Crichton-Browne.Secretary, Sir William Crookes. Amongst the managerselected were Sir Thomas Barlow, Bart., Dr. Donald WilliamCharles Hood, Sir Francis Laking, Bart., and the Right Hon.Sir John Fletcher Moulton ; and amongst the visitors Dr.William Arthur Brailey, Dr. James Mackenzie Davidson,Mr. John William Gordon, Dr. James Dundas Grant, SirPhilip Magnus, and the Hon. Charles A. Parsons.

Parliamentary Intelligence.NOTES ON CURRENT TOPICS.

The Budget.THE Budget, which was brought in by the CHANCELLOR of the

EXCHEQUER on Thursday, April 29th, engrosses the attention ofParliament. Its readjustment of the scheme of taxation proceeds onlines which must necessarily cause considerable controversy. In fact,it promises to be the great dominating issue of the session. Thereare proposals in the Budget with regard to the death duties,stamps, licence duties, and the taxation of land which will un-

doubtedly receive -a very critical and prolonged examination fromthe Opposition. To professional men one of the most vital partsof a Budget is the income-tax. This year a further step in thedirection of graduation and differentiation is taken. The rates

upon the earned income of persons whose total income does

not exceed £3000 are to remain at 9d. in the 2 up to .B2000,but are to be ls. in the 2 for the amount between .c2000 and 23000.

Large incomes and unearned incomes, which have been paying ls. inthe 2, will have to pay ls. 2d. in the £. A super tax of 6d. in the 2comes into operation in the case of incomes exceeding RMOO, but inthis case an abatement on e3000 will be allowed. One of the proposalsof Mr. LLOYD GEORGE in regard to the income-tax at least will enjoy awide measure of popularity. A person whose income does not exceedJB500 is to be permitted a special abatement of £10 in his assessed incomefor each child he has under the age of 16 years. In one part of his Budgetthe CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER makes a differentiation for medicalmen. He proposes a new tax on motor-cars, but medical men are onlyto pay half the tax that other possessors of cars are to be called upon tocontribute. The motor-car tax is to be graduated according to thehorse power of the vehicle. The tax on cars under 6-horse power isplaced at 2 guineas. Cars of 26-horse power are charged 6 guineas, butthe tax rapidly rises on vehicles of the highest power. A 60-horse

power vehicle will pay 20 guineas, but a car over that power will havea charge of 40 guineas placed on it. Funds derived from this sourcewill go to the improvement of roads.

Accidents in Mines.An interesting discussion arose on the subject of accidents in mines

in the House of Commons on April 28th. Mr. GLOVER broughtforward a demand that the staff of mine inspectors should be

augmented to secure the more rigorous application of the laws affectingmining. The reply of Mr. HERBERT SAMUEL, who spoke for the HomeOffice, was deemed so satisfactory that no division was taken on thesubject. The gist of it was that if the Royal Commission on Minesreported in favour of an increase of the staff of inspectors the HomeSecretary would have no hesitation in pressing on the Treasury thenecessities of the situation. In the course of his speech Mr. SAMUELpointed out that in France and in Belgium the percentage of deaths inmines was slightly less than in this country, and further expressed the,belief that the irreducible minimum of fatal accidents had not beenreached here.

, Medical Officers of Health.Mr. BowERMAN’s Bill relating to housing of the working classes con-

0 tains a clause dealing with the position of county medical officers ofhealth. It lays down that every county council shall appoint a medical


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