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Page 1: Medical News


when these lectures were published in our columns at theunfamiliar names of the drugs mentioned perceived the valueof Dr. Leech’s work when he proceeded to apply his theoriesto the estimation of the dosage of such therapeutic agents asnitrite of amyl and ethyl to many common conditions andto give his reason for his teachings.

Dr. Leech will nowhere be more missed and regretted thanin the General Medical Council, where he represented theVictoria University. He was. in truth, one of the most usefulmembers of the Council. He was elected to it in 1891 andtook an active part in various committees. Of late he hadbeen chiefly occupied in the work of the PharmacopoeiaCommittee, where the practical and scientific knowledge ofdrugs to which we have just alluded was of the greatest useto the counsels of the body that has charge of the issue ofthe British Pharmacopoeia. On the death of Sir RichardQaain he was made chairman of the committee, and tohim is due much of the credit which has been universallygiven to the work. He did not speak long or frequentlyin the Council, but whenever he did speak his viewscarried much weight. He was especially interested in allquestions affecting the general practitioner, such as thevarious Midwives Bills, the abolition of the unqualifiedassistant, and the institution of a Conciliation Board to

attempt to settle some of the points at issue betweenthe medical profession and friendly societies and medicalaid associations. He was a member of the first com-

mittee on medical aid associations in 1893 and gavethe closest attention to the subject. Up to the lasthis interest in the work of the Council continued, especiallyin all questions relating to the Pharmacopeia, and’he sent tothe Council at the May meeting, through Dr. DonaldMacAlister, touching expressions of this interest and left toit several valuable works on pharmacy and materia medica.

Dr. Leech took a prominent part in the affairs of theBritish Medical Association, being joint general secretarywith Dr. C. J. Cullingworth and Mr. James Hardiewhen the Association met at Manchester, President in1890 of the Lancashire and Cheshire Branch, andPresident of the Section of Pharmacology when theAssociation met at Montreal. He was also a rulingspirit and a late President of the Manchester Medical

Society and founder of the Manchester TherapeuticalSociety, a young and earnest scientific body working onthe lines of research where he had made himself a pioneer.He was for several years editor of the Medical Chronicle, andthe pages of our Manchester contemporary contain manycontributions from his pen. He was also a magistrate forthe city. We have said enough to show that in Dr. Leech Man-chester has lost a citizen and medicine a representative whichboth must deeply regret. An excellent physician, a soundteacher, and an original worker Dr. Leech joined to his highintellectual qualities a particularly charming nature. Hewas kind, generous, and fair-minded, prudent in counsel, andwhile leaning to the weaker side was never afraid to speakhis mind. All his work, whether public, medical, or strictlyscientific, had one aim-the good of his generation. He borehis last illness with fortitude and leaves behind him many ]friends to recall his good qualities.

Dr. Leech married the daughter of Mr. Maclaren of WhalleyRange, who survives him.

HENRY EWBANK, M.R.C.S. ENG., L.R.C.P. EDIN.A WIDE circle of friends and acquaintances will

hear with deep regret of tl death after a long and

painful illness of Mr. Henry Ewbank, at his residence, 5,Berkeley-place, Cheltenham. The deceased gentleman wasa native of St. Germains, Cornwall, and was only 44years of age. He received his medical training at

University College Hospital, London and he went to

Cheltenham some 20 years ago to begin his professionalcareer as junior house surgeon of the General Hospital.His stay there was short but eminently successful. In 1881he succeeded Dr. Cardew as senior surgeon ; and on hisresignation in May, 1883, he was presented with a

case oE instruments by the staff, by whom his departurewas generally regretted. He left the hospital to enterinto partnership with Dr. Gooding of Cheltenham, withwhom he was long and honourably associated. The partner-ship was dissolved in 1895. For a short interval hepractised on his own account; but about two years ago he

was joined in partnership by his relative, Mr. C. EwbankLansdown. He was formerly honorary surgeon to the Homefor Sick Children. Much of his popularity was dueto the interest which he took in all forms of outdoor sportand to his genial good comradeship with sportsmen of allclasses. In his young days he greatly excelled as a swimmer,and he was at one time looked upon as the leading amateur inthe West of England. In fact, he enjoyed the unusual honourof having inflicted defeat on the great Captain Webb himselfin a quarter-mile race at Westminster. Nor was that the

only occasion on which he met the world-famed swimmerin friendly contest, as he was defeated by the champion ina half-mile race at the Cheltenham Montpelier Baths. Forsome time he was chairman of the Cheltenham SwimmingClub and ably presided over the business meetings andsocial gatherings. He was a consistent supporter ofcricket, football, and similar clubs, and he has done goodwork on the committee of the Cheltenham Cricket Club,having also from time to time undertaken the captaincy ofthe second eleven. In 1890 he married Mary Elizabeth,eldest daughter of the late Martin Inett Preston, solicitor,of Nottingham. He leaves a widow and two children.

DEATHS OF EMINENT FOREIGN MEDICAL MEN.-Thedeaths of the following eminent foreign medical men areannounced :-Dr. Fritz Rubenstein of Berlin, who has madea reputation for himself in the domain of surgery and theuse of the Roentgen rays as well as by his writings onphilosophical and literary topics, has died from the effects ofa poisoned wound, at the age of 37 years.-Dr. H. Benedikt,son of the Vienna professor, who has published variousresearches on radiography.-Dr. F. Nott Otis, formerlyProfessor of Genito-urinary Diseases in the College of

Physicians and Surgeons, New York.


COLLEGES OF PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS.—The followinggentlemen have passed the Second Examination of the Boardin the subjects indicated.Wednesday, July 4th:Anatomy and Physiology.—Robert Mackenzie im Thurn and ArthurHallowes, St. Bartholomew’s Hospital; John Speechly Le Fevre,Samuel Smulian, George Delaval Walsh, and George MeredithSanderson, London Hospital ; Reginald Henry Hardwick andThomas Andrew Chater, St. Thomas’s Hospital; James MatthewO’Brien, Geoffry Smyth Oades, and John Bourdas, Charing CrossHospital; Ernest Harrison Griffin, Cambridge University andGuy’s Hospital; Percy Claude Vincent Bent, Herbert DouglasSmart, and Edgar Norman Jupp, Guy’s Hospital; George ChristianBlake Mieville, University College, London; Bertram MaughanFootner and William Joseph Edward Stuttaford, King’s College,London; Frederic Rosenberg Harris and George RowlandHenderson Crozier, St. Mary’s Hospital; and Charles AubreyGodson, Hugh Basil Drake, and Leonard Erasmus Ellis, St.George’s Hospital.

i3 gentlemen were referred to their:profess:onal studies for threemonths.

Thursday, July 5th :Anatomy and Physiology.-Bernard Beryl Riviere, Lauriston LeonardWinterbotham, Alan Hargrave Pinder, and Kenelm Digby Bell,St. Bartholomew’s Hospital; Harold Harris Elborough Scatliffand Lionel Danyers Bailey, St. George’s Hospital; CharlesHerbert Romer Coltart. Westminster Hospital; William PercivalHingston and Peter Gifford Foulkes, Middlesex Hospital ; CharlesRobert Shattock, Frank Percival Hughes, Charles FrederickFraser, and Francis William Fawssett, Guy’s Hospital; GeorgeRussell Rew, Cyril Thomas Cheatle, and John Henry Napper,King’s College, London ; William George Cheatle and RussellEdwards Palmer, St. Mary’s Hospital ; Austin Clarence Dixon,James Stewart, and Edward John Henry Rudge, London Hos-pital ; Harry Morgan Gilmour and Augustine Henry Hudson,St. Thomas’s Hospital; James Vere Arkle, University of NewZealand and St. Thomas’s Hospital; and George Archibald Bosson,University College, London.

Anatomy only.-Samuel Goodman, St. Thomas’s Hospital.Physiology only.-Clifford Greville Simms, Middlesex Hospital ;Joseph Wilding, St. Bartholomew’s Hospital; and Ernest JohnHamilton Bowen, University College, Cardiff, and King’s College,London.

Eight gentlemen were referred in both subjects, two in Anatomyonly and two in Physiology only.

SOCIETY OF APOTHECARIES OF LONDON.-Atthe Primary Examination held in July the following candi-dates passed in the subjects indicated :-

PART I.Biology.-C. H. Osmond, Glasgow.

Page 2: Medical News


Chemistry.—A. G. Gamble, Leeds ; J. E. Jones, Bristol; and 0. F. W.Steele, Birmingham.

Materia Medica and Pharmacy.—B. F. Board, M. Foley, E. M.Handley, C. Kellgren, and A. M. Marval, Royal Free Hospital; J. E.Mondon, Glasgow; 0. P. N. Pearn, Westminster Hospital; and E.Renouf, Royal Free Hospital.


Anatomy.—J. J. Anning, Leeds ; W. H. Bush, Guy’s Hospital ;D. Cotes-Preedy, Cambridge and St. George’s Hospital; W. L.Crabtree, Leeds ; J. Cretin, Bristol; 1. Griffith, London Hospital;E. W. Hutton, St. Thomas’s and Westminster Hospitals; H. A.Parker, St. Thomas’s Hospital; W. W. Read, Guy’s Hospital;Z. Rowlands and E. Serjeant, Royal Free Hospital; J. P. B. Snell,Middlesex Hospital; A. W. D. Thomson, St. George’s Hospital;and E. N. L. Wilson, Royal Free Hospital.

Physiology.-J. J. Anning, Leeds ; F. D. S. Barker, Royal FreeHospital; D. Cotes-Preedy, Cambridge and St. George’s Hospital ;J. Cretin, Bristol; E. W. Hutton, St. Thomas’s and WestminsterHospitals ; H. Johnson, Guy’s Hospital; A. R. McEnnery, Bristol ;W. W. Read, Guy’s Hospital; Z. Rowlands and E. Serjeant, RoyalFree Hospital; J. P. B. Snell, Middlesex .Hospital; W. P. Taylor,Sheffield and Bristol; A. W. D. Thomson, St. George’s Hospital;and E. N. L. Wilson, Royal Free Hospital.

A DAY OF REST FOR THE METROPOLITAN NURSES.- On Wednesday, June 27th, the nurses of the London hos-pitals and metropolitan nursing institutions spent a day inthe country at Hertingfordbury. Advantage was taken ofthe occasion to help those who were present to realise indevotional exercise the spiritual character and dignity of thenurse’s vocation as an essential part of the Christianministry. The " Day" commenced with a celebration of theHoly Communion in the parish church. The Very Rev. theDean of Windsor gave the address, taking for his text," Rest in the Lord." Evening prayer was said by the rectorat 3.30, the dean again giving the address, based upon thePsalmist’s words, "Delight thyself in the Lord." Dinner andtea were provided, and by the kindness of the Earl andCountess Cowper the visitors were invited to inspect thepicture-gallery at Panshanger.WEST-LONDON MEDICO-CHIRURGICAL SOCIETY.-

The following gentlemen have been elected as officers andmembers of council for 1900-1901. President : Dr. F. F.Schacht. Vice-Presidents: Dr. Seymour Taylor, Mr. NevilleT. Wood, Dr. F. J. McCann, Dr. F. H. Low, Mr. C. Andrews,Dr. J. A. Coutts, Dr. J. Crombie, and Dr. S. A. Bontor.Council: Mr. F. R. Mallard, Mr. F. Savery, Mr. E. Bartlett,Dr. D. R. Pearson, Mr. G. E. Twynam, Mr. H. W. Chambers,Dr. G. D. Robinson, Mr. H. Webb, Dr. T. R. Atkinson,Mr. W. S. Fincham, Dr. A. Baldock, and Mr. M. H. Taylor.Treasurer : Mr. T. Gunton Alderton. Secretaries : Dr. G. P.Shuter and Dr. Leonard Dobson. Librarian : Mr. C. B.

Keetley. Editor of Journal: Mr. H. Percy Dunn. Editorial

Secretary of Journal: Mr. McAdam Eccles.


EpsoM COLLEGE.-The following are the resultsof recent examinations for entrance scholarships and exhibi-tions :-Scholarships and Council Exhibitioners : Elected toSenior Scholarships: A. Master andA. C. C. Parkinson. Electedto Junior Scholarships : C. E. Milnerand A.LI. Jones. Electedto Entrance Scholarships : G. T. Vivian (Messrs. Clarke andCrouch, Seaford), D. Rahilly (Fairleigh School, Weston-super-Mare), E. A. C. Fazan (Rose Hill School, Tunbridge Wells),and E. L. M. Emtage (private tuition). Elected to CouncilExhibitions : R. Nankivell and J. H. A. Hynes.THE WATER-SUPPLY OF BARRY, SOUTH W ALES.-

Owing to the rapid increase of the population of Barry thelocal authority last year decided to increase the water-supplyby sinking another well at Biglis. The works are nearlycompleted and will increase the pumping capacity at Biglisfrom 500,000 gallons of water per day to more than twicethat quantity. The cost has been about .E6000.

SCHOOL OF MEDICINE OF THE ROYAL COLLEGES.EDINBURGH.—At a meeting of the Governing Board oithe School of Medicine of the Royal Colleges, Edinburgh,the secretary, Mr. R. N. Ramsay, reported that the numbeiof students attending the school during this session waf


MEDICAL MAGISTRATES.—Mr. J. WhiteheadBentley, L.R.C.P.Edin., M.R.C.S.Eng., of Stockport, and Mr.James Bernard Wall, L.R.C.P., L.R.C.S. Edin., of Coleshill,Warwickshire, have been appointed magistrates for the

boroughs of Stockport and Coleshill respectively.ON July 4th the new wards at the Devonport

Workhouse Infirmary, erected at an outlay of £4000, were

formally opened.

ROYAL COLLEGE OF SURGEONS IN IRELAND.-We are asked to state that Licentiates of the College wb&desire to claim the advantage of the concession for theFellowship, in recognition of the Royal visit, should applybefore July 31st, 1900.

MR. WILLIAM. H. CORFIELD, M.D. Oxon.,F.R.C.P. Lond., Professor of Hygiene and Public Health,University College, London, has been elected a ForeignCorresponding Member of the Royal Academy of Medicine ofBelgium.

IN MEMORIAM.—The treasurer of Queen’sHospital, Birmingham, has received a cheque for .61250 fromMrs. Poncia, Gough-road, Edgbaston, for the endowment ofa bed in memory of her husband, the late Mr. John Poncia.

MR. PRIESTLEY SMITH, M.R.C.S. Eng., ofBirmingham, has been elected as representative of theFaculty of Medicine on the council of the BirminghamUniversity.

__________ __

Parliamentary Intelligence.NOTES ON CURRENT TOPICS.

Proposed Exte2asion of the Medical Act of 1858.

Ox Friday, July 20th, General LAURIE, Member for Pembroke andHaverfordwest, will introduce a Bill into the House of Commons toextend the provisions of the Medical Act of 1858. The Bill is the outcomeof the refusal of the War Office to accept the services of Canadianmilitia medical.officers in the field in South Africa. In the first case

brought to the knowledge of General Laurie, the surgeon of MontrealGeneral Hospital, who also holds a commission as surgeon in one of thelocal militia regiments, was refused on the ground that it wouldbe contrary to law to employ in the military service a medical manwho was not registered under the Medical Act of 1858. Subsequentlythe Canadian Government offered a complete field hospital and it wasrefused on the same ground. General Laurie considers that the

remedy for this state of things lies in a recognition in the MedicalActs of schools of medicine throughout the Empire which are

recognised by their respective Governments and whose requirementscome up to the standard established and maintained by the Genera!Medical Council. This isawhat heoproposes to do in his Bill.



The Inspection of Irish Hospitals.Mr. PATRICK O’BRIEN asked the Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieu-

tenant of Ireland whether he was aware that union general hospitalsand union fever hospitals in Ireland were inspected and reported uponby lay inspectors, and could he state what qualifications these gentle-men possessed for the discharge of this duty ; was he aware that theIrish Workhouse Reform Association and the Irish Medical Associationrecommended that those hospitals should be inspected by professionalmen; and would he see that effect was given to those recommenda-tions ?-Mr. GERALD BALFOUR replied : The inspection of workhouses inIreland, as in England, is under the general inspectors who report onthe state of the buildings, the cleanliness, order, discipline, the keepingof the books, the finance, and the compliance with the general regula-tions by the several officers in every department, including the hospitalwards. It would not be practicable to exclude these wards from thegeneral inspectors’ authority, but when any questions as to medicaltreatment arise, or where any inquiry has to be held wherein medicalknowledge is required, a medical inspector makes a special inspectionor holds any inquiry on oath that may be necessary. The question ofassigning this work to a special medical inspector appointed for thepurpose is under consideration.

Hospital Staff at Shorncliffe Camp.Captain NORTON asked the Under Secretary of State for War if he

was aware that at an inquest held on Saturday last at ShorncliffeCamp on Sergeant Wilmshurst, of the Sussex Regiment, it was shownin evidence that there was not a single orderly of the Army MedicalCorps in the hospital, and that Wilmshurst, when taken to the hospitalin a fit, died before a doctor could be found ; and in view of the com-ments made by the jury at the inquest whether he could say whatsteps, if any, were now being taken to secure without delay anadequate staff for our military hospitals both at home and abroad.—Mr.WYNDHAM replied : No information has been received in the War Officeof this incident, but inquiry will be made. The staff of the hospitalconsists of a sergeant-major, a sergeant, two corporals, and 14 orderliesof the Army Medical Corps, besides regimental soldiers.

: IVidal’s Method oj Diagnosis.Dr. FARQUHARSON asked the Under Secretary of State for War

whether he would state what steps were taken by the War Office toprovide means for the application of the serum test (Widal’s method) tothe diagnosis of doutbful cases of enteric fever in general hospitals inSouth Africa, whether he was aware that this means of making an early,diagnosis was largely used by hospitals and local sanitary authorities,