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memory redefined

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    Look Inside


    ow it Works and How to

    improve it ??


    (An Individual and Social Development Body)

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    W QFF





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    FIGURE 1

    Your body isnt the only thing

    that needs a workoutyour

    brain needs stimulation to stay in

    peak shape. This Oz-approved

    game works to improve your

    memory. Studies have shown

    that keeping your brain

    challenged and engaged canactually help to prevent

    Alzheimers disease.

    MEMORYBrief introduction to memory


    FIGURE 3

    In psychology, memory is the process in which

    information is encoded, stored, and retrieved.

    Encoding allows information that is from the

    outside world to reach our senses in the forms of

    chemical and physical stimuli. In this first stage we

    must change the information so that we may put

    the memory into the encoding process. Storage is

    the second memory stage or process. This entailsthat we maintain information over periods of time.

    Finally the third process is the retrieval of

    information that we have stored. We must locate it

    and return it to our consciousness. Some retrieval

    attempts may be effortless due to the type of


    In psychology, memory is the process in which information is encoded, stored, and ret

    information that is from the outside world to reach our senses in the forms of chemical

    this first stage we must change the information so that we may put the memory into th

    Storage is the second memory stage or process. This entails that we maintain informati

    Finally the third process is the retrieval of information that we have stored. We must locconsciousness. Some retrieval attempts may be effortless due to the type of informati

    From an information processing perspective there are three main stages in the formati


    Encoding or registration: receiving, processing and combining of received information

    Storage: creation of a permanent record of the encoded information

    Retrieval, recall or recollection: calling back the stored information in response to som

    or activity

    The loss of memory is described as forgetfulness, or as a medical disorder, amnesia.

    Photo & data Source : wikipedia

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    It is highly unfortunate on the part of human race that they are unable to recognize their hidden potential. They are

    only using one out of lakh part of their capabilities and even by using this very part, they are today counted in the list

    of highly sage people, says Swami Vivekananda.

    The invaluable gift Brain is given by God to us, but we are ignorant to use the capacities of the brain effectively. Self-

    restraint is the key to achieve strong Memory Power.

    There is no limit to the power of the human mind. The more concentrated it is, the more power is brought to bear on

    one point, thats the secret. You will learn from this Article to make the effective use of your God gifted equipments.

    The need of the hour is to recognize our unused and hidden capabilities. And this Article would prove highly

    beneficial for recognizing yourself. You would derive vedic and scientific sutras that help you a lot in achieving your

    lofty goals. With this Article you would get a direction that, in turn, help you to excel in every field of life.

    The most preponderant power of the brain is concentration power. If you have strong concentration power then not

    only temporal, you can achieve what is eternal. This power is based upon the power of thoughts which is also called

    our belief system. You can make every impossible possible by strengthening your belief system.

    The most eminent scientist Albert Einstein, was very weak in academics during his childhood. He was even expelled

    from school due to lack of verbal skills. But he made his name all over the world by discovering the theory of relativity.

    He did so by learning the sutras of Indian Vedas and shastras and thus enhancing his concentration and

    observation power. According to our Vedas, memory is a vriti (Impression) and deeper this impression is, the stronger

    will be our retention.

    Our brain is divided into two parts- left brain and right brain. These parts of the brain are sub-divided by a wall of fibers

    called as corpus callosum.

    There are innumerable brain cells called neurons in our brain. We have a very complex nexus of neuron networks.

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    Our Conscious and Subconscious brain

    About conscious brain

    It is active every time when we are thinking, walking and eating.

    It deals with the working of our left brain.

    About Sub-conscious brain

    It is the most powerful part of the brain that has been storing all kind of information since the day we were

    born. It even stores the information that we are not consciously aware of. I t works under self-hypnosis.

    This brain is capableto do anything for us. We can easily call it Alladin Ka Chirag.

    This brain stores all the information in terms of pictures.

    It is very vast repository of images.

    It has photographic memory. It can easily recall the images.

    It deals with our imagination power. The most seminal point is to nurture it.

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    It can be nurtured with self-hypnosis process by giving it auto instructions.

    It is the super computer of our brain.

    First of all, we have need to understand, what is information? How and where our brain stores the information? One

    more question is how to locate the information. To answer the above questions let us understand the principle of

    information storage in our memory. What our brain actually memorize, we fail to notice that.

    In real words brain doesnt memorize any information however brain generates information. That information can be

    in the form of words, images and music. This information is not fixed in our brain. It does not exist in our brain in any

    form not in words or images and not in the form of electric impulses. We can experience number of objects in our

    surroundings. Every object emits physical and chemical signals which are received by our five sense organs. Our

    sense organs eyes and ears catch these signals.

    The information which our brain stores that is in the form of connections. There is always connection among objects in

    the outside world. Say for example the Vehicles on the roads, fruits in the trees. The stars always in the sky and the fish

    swim in the sea. All these are connections among outside world. Therefore, this is concluded that our brain memorizes

    connections. When we see a vase with the rose in it on the table, our brain memorize the connection between rose,

    vase and table. The brain cannot memorize the images. When we see a vase, it acts upon our eyes, a connection

    appears and our brain generates the image of rose, vase and table. The brain is not any repository or any information

    store house. It can generate only connections. The process of creating connections is memory. Our brain is the

    engine used for fixing the connections, when the stimulus comes from outside it recalls the connection.

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    Law of Association:- Association means Linking or Connection. This is the association between two

    information. One information is already in our Brain. Second information is in the outer world which we areto memorize. This Law establishes the connection between these two information.

    Subconscious Association:-

    When we link two information subconsciously, then the Association is called Subconscious Association.

    Now, we will learn how to link two objects. Say, for example, there are two objects- Door and phone, then

    we can associate these two objects by making an imagination in which a Phone is hanging on the Door.

    Applications of the Law of Association:-

    1. Used in memorizing GK.

    2. Used in memorizing Countries and their Capitals.

    3. Used in memorizing Vocabulary

    4. Used in memorizing Names of the Faces

    5. Used in memorizing the qualities, facts and the hobbies of people.

    6. Used in memorizing Academics

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    Say for example, we want to memorize that the machine used by blind people to read discovered by Louis


    Now first we will encode this information. The word Louis Braille can easily be encoded into the word Rail

    (Braille). Now we can imagine a situation where we are looking a train which is moving with full of Blind

    People. This visualization will help us to recall this information even after the long time.

    1 2 3

    Before proceeding further , lets look

    On some data at right hand side

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    In day to day life , the people of every age have general problem of forgetting things , words , daily work

    and lots more . According to one of our survey , it is noticed that the highest case of this problem is noticed in students .

    Of all these Questions one big question come into mind

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    Whatto do to improve memory ?

    Whats the first step?

    First you need to know your strengths and weaknesses. Test yourself with different

    memory tasks. Before each task think about:

    How hard is this task for me?

    How much will I remember? Take a guess.

    What will help me remember?

    Memory problems can sometimes come with changes in your health. There

    are many ways to help. Some people can learn ways to improve their

    memory. Others can learn tips on how to cope with the memory skills that

    they have. This handout describes how to train your memory so it works


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    After the task, see how much you remembered. Notice what you did to help you remember. Think about

    your strengths and weaknesses.

    Learning how to remember is more important than how much you remember.

    There are different ways to improve your memory. Try to learn these methods and use them for different


    Remember that some methods work better for some tasks than others. Try to choose the method that will

    be most useful for the task.

    Start with some simple methods that can help you remember. Then learn other methods.

    3 Simple ways to help you remember:

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    1.Repeat Repeat what you want to learn over and over again. You can do this bysaying it out loud, writing it down, or both. Repeat it over longer and longer periods of time.

    This method can help you remember one thing. It will not improve your memory in general.

    2. Screen out

    Try to screen out or ignore information that you dont need.

    2. GroupThink about how different i tems connect. Then group them together. To remember what to get

    from the store, group items by type (cheese, milk and butter could go together, fruits, vegetables)

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    Memory improvement is part of this memory game, the process can be done

    with few steps that can be easy and performed effortlessly. Many people have trouble remembering

    faces or names. How to remember things is only a technique that you need to utilize, for example to

    remember a face you just need to examine a persons face discretely when you are introduced. Try to

    find an unusual feature, ears, hairline, forehead, eyebrows, eyes, nose, mouth, chin, complexion, etc.

    Create an association between that characteristic, the face, and the name in your mind. The

    association may be to link the person with someone else you know with the same name. Alternatively it

    may be to associate a rhyme or image of the name with the persons face or defining feature , try to

    apply that to one of the memory games below..

    Also when you are introduced, ask for the person to repeat their name. Use the name yourself as often

    as possible (without overdoing it!). If it is unusual, ask how it is spelled or where it comes from, and if

    appropriate, exchange cards. Keep in mind that the more often you hear and see the name, the more

    likely it is to sink in.

    Also, after you leave the person, review the name in your mind several times. If you are particularly keen

    you might decide to write it down and make notes, that would help and improve your memory searchprocess The methods suggested for remembering faces and names are fairly simple and obvious, but

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    are useful. Association either with images of a name or with other people can really help. Repetition and

    review help to confirm your memory.

    What else can help?

    Memory strategies are tips that help you get information into your mind and

    Remember it later. Choose 2 or 3 strategies with your therapist and practice using

    Them. Notice which ones help you the most.

    First letter Remember the first letter of the words you want to remember.

    You can also make up a new word from these letters. For

    example, to remember the names of 4 people at work (Lee,

    Ali, Maria and Paul) you can use the word LAMP.

    Rhyme Use a rhyme or tune to remember a fact.

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    Story Make up a story using the facts you need to remember

    Picture it Picture the object you want to remember. If you want to

    remember a persons name try to connect their name to their


    You can also picture an object that makes you think of that

    person (a teapot for someone who loves tea, or a bow tie for

    someone who always wears them).

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    Put it in order If you need to remember a long list of words, learn them in a

    certain order. For the names of provinces, you can learn them

    from East to West or by region. Also try learning some things

    in alphabetical order.

    Link it Link a fact or event to other information. For example,

    when you want to remember the name of a city, think of

    the towns and cities in the same area.

    You can also link it to something else it makes you think

    of. When you do this, you are making associations

    Think around it Think about what else was going on around you. Where

    were you? Who were you with? Imagine being there

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    Will games help me?

    Games can be useful to practise using different parts of your brain. They

    may also help to improve your memory. Talk to your health care team about

    which kinds of games will help you the most.

    Examples of games:

    concentration (find matching cards)

    matching pairs of cards (for example match faces & names)



    other memory games

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    Memory, Occupational Therapy, Musculoskeletal Program, TRI

    Memory Retraining, Occupational Therapy, TRI

    How Memory Works, Fibromyalgia Program, TRI.

    Kapur, Narinder (1991). Managing Your MemoryA self-help memory manual for improving everyday

    memory skills. Southampton General Hospital.

    Other resourses