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  • 1. Elizabeth I and the Politics of the Elizabethan Era Patrick Lim 2I108 Loh Zheng Yi 2I109 Aldric Bek 2I108 Ng Boon Hian 2I112 Jarrett Toh 2I122
  • 2. Who was Elizabeth I? Elizabeth I was the queen of England from 1558 to 1603. She became queen at the age of 25. She died on 24 March 1603 (aged69) .
  • 3. Religion She was a Protestant. Her strong belief in the religion Protestant has given her much trouble with other countries.
  • 4. The queen When she was the queen, she had more power than a modern day president or prime minister. She often disagreed with the Parliament. She ruled England from Whitehall in London.
  • 5. Her family Elizabeth was the daughter of King Henry VIII and his second wife, Anne Boleyn.
  • 6. Her marriage She never married. Parliament wanted her to get married so that she would have children and that the king or queen would remain protestant.
  • 7. Elizabeth and Literature Like other rich people at that time, she was a patroness of poetry, drama, music and the crafts. She was a very gifted scholar who was an accomplished linguist with the ability to speak several languages Hence there was a widespread increase in literacy and great achievements in the arts, and many great poets and playwrights emerged
  • 8. Elizabethan Politics International relations do not come easily There are always the pros And the conflicts
  • 9. Elizabethan Politics So we will embark on this mini tour To learn of Elizabeths Englands politics And Elizabeths Englands allies And its foes
  • 10. Netherlands Alliance England forged alliance with Netherlands (an ally) August 14, 1585 - Queen Elizabeth issues a declaration taking the Netherlands under her protection December 8, 1585 - Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester (close friend of Elizabeth) leads the English army to fight the Spanish forces who are occupying the Netherlands In return, Netherlands helped fight the Spanish Armanda when the English fleet was in peril
  • 11. Netherlands and England Scene 1Spanish forces occupying Netherlands
  • 12. Netherlands and England Scene 2England helps Dutch fight off the Spanish forces +
  • 13. Netherlands and England Scene 3Dutch assisted England to fend off the Spanish Armanda invasion + VS
  • 14. Spain Conflicts Differences in religion between Protestant England and Catholic Spain The triumph of the Englands new Protestant church angered the King of Spain, Philip II Competition in trade Anglo-Spanish War from 1585-1604 Elizabeth refused Philip IIs hand in marriage and caused a terrible shock to his personal pride The sturdy independence of the English people was a severe blow to his pride of country.
  • 15. Spain Actions that caused/resulted from conflicts England privateers/pirates plundered from Spains treasure ships who protested and demanded restitution. Elizabeth refused. King Philip IIs hatred turned into determination to conquer England. He started on his preparation for war against England 1588, August 8-The amazing and renowned Spanish Armada of 132 ships was defeated by the English fleet of 34 ships and 163 armed merchant vessels with the help of Dutch army who helped to ward off Spanish reinforcements.
  • 16. England & Spain Protestant England VS Catholic Spain King Queen VS Philip II Elizabeth
  • 17. Scotland Conflicts Religious reasons---Protestant England and Catholic Scotland could not get along
  • 18. Scotland Actions linked to Conflicts Elizabeth cancelled a meeting with Mary, Queen of Scots because of Marys continued attacks of French Protestants (in fact they never met) The Catholic Mary Queen of Scots was imprisoned by Elizabeth I
  • 19. Scotland Actions linked to Conflicts Many protestants wanted to replace Queen Elizabeth with Queen Mary whom they think should be the rightful heir to the throne of England. Babington Plot: Sir Francis Walsingham discovered Anthony Babingtons plot to assassinate Queen Elizabeth and replace her with Mary Queen of Scots, leading to the execution of Queen Mary on 8 February 1587
  • 20. Ireland (9 Years War) AKA Tyrones Rebellion Irish and Spain against Elizabeth Is England Conflict between Hugh ONeills ambitions to control Ireland and Englands advance on Ireland Irelands previous religion was Catholic. Strength was about 14000 vs 17000 men
  • 21. Ireland War ended with Irish defeat on March 1603 ONeill and other Irish commanders received good terms from the new King, James I They were given full control of their estates and granted full pardons, but they must remain loyal to England from then. Elizabeth I had died a week before the surrender.
  • 22. Roman Catholic Church Conflicts It is obvious that religious conflicts occurred between Roman Catholic Church and Protestant England During the English Reformation, many monasteries and churches were dissolved or destroyed. Mary Queen then reunited the Church of England with the Roman Catholic Church and persecuted protestants
  • 23. Roman Catholic Church Elizabeth I then enforced the act of supremacy Act of supremacy prevented Catholics from getting high positions or being teachers Elizabeth I tried to eliminate the Catholic Church but Catholics in Ireland resisted her efforts The main religion was thus changed into Protestant This is in direct contrast with Spains catholic religion and the Roman Catholic Church
  • 24. Roman Catholic Church Northumberland plot Plot to overthrow Queen Elizabeth I, but failed Pope Pius V decided to help the rebels, resulting in even more distrust by Elizabeth I towards the Catholics.
  • 25. Shakespeares Relationship with Queen Elizabeth I ?
  • 26. Shakespeares Relationship with Queen Elizabeth I During her reign, Queen Elizabeth I regularly invited Shakespeare and his acting company, The Lord Chamberlains Men, later The Kings Men, to perform in her court. Because of this, many people tend to assume that the queen had a very close relationship with Shakespeare. However, this is not true. There is little historical evidence that Shakespeare talked much to Queen Elizabeth, let alone be close to her.
  • 27. Shakespeares Relationship with Queen Elizabeth I Elizabeth I very much liked Shakespeares plays, and stood against the puritans who wished to close down the theatres. She was an active and generous patron of the theatre. Without her support, the Elizabethan theatres would not have survived. During Elizabeths reign, court performances by acting companies were popularised by her and Shakespeare's company was selected to perform in her court more than any other company.
  • 28. Shakespeares Relationship with Queen Elizabeth I Indeed, the Queen was very fond of Shakespeares plays. According to historical sources, the Lord Chamberlain's Men performed at court thirty-two times, compared to thirty- seven performances by all other companies combined. One of Shakespeares plays that Elizabeth saw was Henry IV, Part One. Apparently, the Queen liked the character of Falstaff so much that she asked Shakespeare to write a play that showed the character in love. At the Queens insistence, Shakespeare revived Falstaff in the play The Merry Wives of Winsdor.
  • 29. Shakespeares Relationship with Queen Elizabeth I However, it appears that Shakepeare worked for the Queen as she demanded but there is no indication that their relationship was closer than that. In a modern context, their relationship would be similar to a employer- employee relationship. The two had no close relationship with one another and did not know each other personally.
  • 30. Compare Elizabeth I to Portia: how is Portias character a tribute to Elizabeth I?
  • 31. Portia Portia is the lead female in the Merchant of Venice play She is also the heroine who saves the day when she finds a fault in the contract given by Shylock and forces Shylock to drop the charges against Antonio.
  • 32. Portia She is very much like an independent woman who has rose to such high ranks like todays Michelle Obama or Condolezza Rice. She is a strong-headed woman.
  • 33. Queen Elizabeth I Queen Elizabeth I had the same character as Portia. Perhaps Portia was an inspiration drawn from as well as a tribute paid to Elizabeth I who was a patron of Shakespeares works. Queen Elizabeth I had been famous for the defeat of the Spanish Armada She had also created an Elizabethan Era in which English dramas and plays had flourished during this period.
  • 34. Queen Elizabeth I She is celebrated as the ruler of a golden age. Her work on the throne is enormous and helped to give England its own identity. She was a successful monarch and also another strong woman like Portia. The Pope once commented, "She is only a woman, only mistress of half an island."
  • 35. Comparing Portia to Queen Elizabeth 1 Unmarried Married Dogged survivor, in an Portia mentioned this age when government famous quote about was ramshackle and mercy." The quality of limited and when mercy is not strain'd, monarchs in It droppeth as the gentle neighbouring countries rain from heaven faced internal problems Upon the place beneath. that jeopardised their It is twice blest: thrones. It blesseth him that gives and him that takes.
  • 36. Comparing Portia to Queen Elizabeth 1 Smart, defeated the When Portia wanted to Spanish Armada help Antonio, she during her rule. came up with this Heiress of the England Christian moral to let Empire Shylock have a chance to show some mercy first rather than need compulsion to show it. Heiress of Belmont
  • 37. References http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_I_of_England Retrieved 18 May 2009. The Merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare edited by Robert Wilks Elizabeth R http://www.elizabethi.org by Heather Thomas (M.Phil) 1998-2009 retrieved 19 May 2009. http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/elizabethan-age.htm http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/the-spanish-armada.htm http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/queen-elizabeth-i.htm
  • 38. THE END

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