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National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi Vegetarian Diets

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  • Slide 1
  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi Vegetarian Diets
  • Slide 2
  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi 2 Vegetarian Diets What is a vegetarian diet? A vegetarian diet excludes meat, poultry, and fish.
  • Slide 3
  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi 3 How common is it to be a vegetarian in America? Nearly 5 million American adults 3% of youth ages 8- to 18- years Vegetarian Diets
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  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi 4 Why do people choose to eat vegetarian diets? Religion Heritage Personal philosophy Health Economics Vegetarian Diets
  • Slide 5
  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi 5 Vegetarian Diets Do all vegetarians eat the same food choices? The answer is, it depends on the specific vegetarian diet. Three main vegetarian diets Lacto-Ovo Vegetarian Lacto Vegetarian Vegan Vegetarian
  • Slide 6
  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi 6 Vegetarian Diets Lacto-Ovo Vegetarians eat: Grains, Vegetables, Fruits, Legumes, Nuts, and Seeds Milk and Milk Products (lacto) Eggs (ovo)
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  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi 7 Vegetarian Diets Lacto Vegetarians eat: Similar to Lacto-ovo diet, except does not include eggs. Baked items and pastas may need to be prepared differently.
  • Slide 8
  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi 8 Vegetarian Diets Vegans eat: Only plant-based foods No animal products Strict vegans avoid honey and products made with animal by- products, such as gelatin.
  • Slide 9
  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi 9 What are the health and nutrition benefits of vegetarian diets? Health Benefits include: Lowers blood cholesterol and blood pressure levels Reduces the risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, and stroke Lowers body mass index (BMI) Reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes and some cancers Vegetarian Diets
  • Slide 10
  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi 10 Vegetarian Diets Nutrition Benefits include: Higher intakes of some vitamins, minerals, fiber, and phytonutrients Lower intakes of saturated fat and dietary cholesterol
  • Slide 11
  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi 11 Are there nutrients of concern for vegetarian diets? Nutrition ConcernsProtein Quantity Can a vegetarian diet provide enough protein? Lesson ActivityProtein Predictions Vegetarian Diets
  • Slide 12
  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi 12 Teen males need 52 grams protein Adult males need 56 grams Mixed Lacto-Ovo Vegan 74 grams 63 grams 61 grams H M L Vegetarian Diets Lesson ActivityProtein Predictions
  • Slide 13
  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi 13 Vegetarian Diets Do vegetarian diets provide quality protein? Animal proteins are complete Plant-based proteins are incomplete
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  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi 14 Vegetarian Diets Complementary Proteinscombine to make complete proteins Grains Legumes Vegetables Nuts/Seeds
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  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi 15 Vegetarian Diets Milk (Lacto) Complete protein from an animal source. Cheese Pizza Sauce and Crust Grain and Vegetable Both incomplete protein sources from plant-based foods.
  • Slide 16
  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi 16 Physical Activity Booster The Perfect Complement
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  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi 17 Vegetarian Diets Nutrient of ConcernAdequate Calories Adequate calories are needed to assure protein needs are met.
  • Slide 18
  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi 18 Vegetarian Diets Nutrient of ConcernIron Plant foods have non-heme iron. Serve vitamin C rich foods with plant sources of iron.
  • Slide 19
  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi 19 Vegetarian Diets Nutrient of ConcernCalcium Check milk substitutes to assure they are fortified with calcium and other nutrients found in milk.
  • Slide 20
  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi 20 Vegetarian Diets Nutrient of ConcernVitamin B-12 Vitamin B-12 is only found in animal foods. Vegan diets need supplements of B-12.
  • Slide 21
  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi 21 Vegetarian Diets Other Nutrients of Concern Vitamin D Zinc Iodine Omega-3 fatty acids DHA and EPA
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  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi 22 Vegetarian Diets According to the American Dietetic Association position paper on vegetarian diets, appropriately planned vegetarian diets, including total vegetarian or vegan diets, are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. Well-planned vegetarian diets are appropriate for individuals in all stages of the life cycle
  • Slide 23
  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi 23 Vegetarian Diets According to the American Dietetic Association position paper on vegetarian diets, appropriately planned vegetarian diets, including total vegetarian or vegan diets, are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. Well-planned vegetarian diets are appropriate for individuals in all stages of the life cycle
  • Slide 24
  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi 24 Vegetarian Diets Dietary Guidelines for Americans Food Groups to Encourage Whole grains Vegetables Fruits Legumes Lowfat and fat-free milk/milk products
  • Slide 25
  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi 25 Are vegetarian diets a special nutrition need? What tools do school nutrition programs have to meet the preferences of students that want a vegetarian meal? Vegetarian Diets
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  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi 26 Vegetarian Diets Taste Activity
  • Slide 27
  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi 27 Posttest Answers for Lesson 10 1. False 2. c) Lacto-ovo vegetarian 3. a) Fiber 4. False 5. True Vegetarian Diets
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  • National Food Service Management Institute The University of Mississippi End of Lesson 10

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