Nelson Mandela

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2. Black nationalist and first democratically elected black president of South Africa (199499). After joining the ANC, he helped to form the ANC Youth League in a bid to increase youth activism and help end racism. In 1948, apartheid was introduced, stripping black inhabitants of South Africa of their rights and enforcing racial segregation. His negotiations in the early 1990s with South African Pres. F.W. de Klerk helped end the countrys apartheid system. Won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. 2 3. He attended South African Native College and studied law at the University of the Witwatersrand. In 1944 he joined the African National Congress (ANC), a black- liberation group, and became a leader of its Youth League. Mandela subsequently held other ANC leadership positions, through which he helped revitalize the organization and oppose the apartheid policies of the ruling National Party. In 1952 in Johannesburg, with Oliver Tambo, Mandela established South Africas first black law practice, specializing in cases resulting from the post-1948 apartheid legislation. Also in 1952, Mandela played an important role in launching a campaign of defiance against South Africas pass laws, which required nonwhites to carry documents authorizing their presence in areas that the government deemed restricted. 3 4. He traveled throughout the country as part of the campaign, trying to build support for nonviolent means of protest against the discriminatory laws. In 1955 he was involved in drafting the Freedom Charter, a document calling for nonracial social democracy in South Africa. His antiapartheid activism made him a frequent target of the authorities. In 1956 he was arrested with more than 100 other people on charges of treason that were designed to harass antiapartheid activists. In 1962, he got arrested. 4 5. 5 6. In 1952, Mandela and Oliver Tambo set up South Africa's first black-run law firm. He started off as a pacifist then took up arms. Mandela was a master of disguise and a genius at evading. He was dressed in a chauffeur's outfit when he was finally arrested. A courtroom speech about being ready to die helped save his life. In prison, he was highly skilled at secretly passing notes. He had a chance to get out of prison and declined, on principle. When he finally got out, he only strengthened his fight against Apartheid. 6 7. He appeared in a Spike Lee film- Mandela has a cameo in 1992's Malcolm X as a teacher reciting one of the civil rights activist's speeches. But he refused to deliver a certain line of Lee's script. He worked as hard to make peace as he did to bring down Apartheid. His policies saved and improved innumerable lives. He used sports to bring the racially divided country He was open about his biggest mistake and tried till the end to make up for it. He probably won more awards than anyone in history. There's now a global holiday in his honor. 7 8. He created the Nelson Mandelas Children Fund. A charity that helps poor South African children. He said that Children are the wealth of our country. They must be given love. Established the Nelson Mandela Foundation and The Mandela Rhodes Foundation. Mandela realized the transformative and unifying power of sports, and used that power to make changes that protests and diplomacy could not. 8 9. 9 10. According to media- a terrorist is made into some kind of folk hero. Mandela did not fight for actual equality and freedom for all people. He fought for communism. 10 He killed people, committed terrorism to force into power a communist government. Mandela was trained by terrorist group Algerian Liberation Army in 1961. 11. 11 12. A leader of his people Nelson Mandela was the first black President of South Africa. He spent 27 years in prison for trying to overthrow the pro-apartheid government. After he left prison, he worked to achieve human rights and a better future for everyone in South Africa. Why is he famous? Nelson Mandela became famous for his long fight against bad government and racial prejudice. He became a hero to people all over the world. As South Africa's President, he was respected for his courage and wisdom in bringing people together to live in peace. 12 13.

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NELSON R. MANDELA
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