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  • NIGERIA2015 Nigeria Education Data Survey (NEDS)

    National Report

    National Population CommissionAbuja, Nigeria

    Contract Number: AID-EHC-E-00-04-0004-00EdData II Technical and Managerial Assistance, Task Number 25Task Order Number: AID-620-BC-14-00001Activity Start Date and End Date: November 8, 2013 to January 7, 2016

  • The 2015 Nigeria Education Data Survey (NEDS) was implemented by the National Population Commission (NPC) in collaboration with the Federal Ministry of Education, the Universal Basic Education Commission and the National Bureau of Statistics. RTI International provided technical assistance. The 2015 NEDS was funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).

    SUGGESTED CITATION:National Population Commission (Nigeria) and RTI International. 2016. 2015 Nigeria Education Data Survey (NEDS). Washington, DC. United States Agency for International Development

  • NIGERIA2015 Nigeria Education Data Survey (NEDS)

    National Population CommissionAbuja, Nigeria

    2015 NEDSc/o Federal Ministry of EducationPlot 245 Samuel A. Ademulegun St.Central Business District, Opposite Arewa SuitesAbuja, Nigeria

    December, 2015

     

     

     National Population Commission Federal Republic of Nigeria

     

     Federal Ministry of Education Federal Republic of Nigeria

    Universal Basic Education Commission (UBEC) Abuja - Nigeria

  • FOREWORD

    The 2015 Nigeria Education Data Survey (NEDS) is a follow up to the 2013 Demographic and Health Survey, which is usually conducted to collect additional data on education from a subset of Demographic and Health Survey households. The 2015 NEDS is the third in the series to be conducted in Nigeria.

    The critical role of accurate and reliable education data in the formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of education policy in Nigeria cannot be overemphasized. The survey provided a substantial amount of household level data that is essential to monitor the level of implementation of the goals of the Federal Ministry of Education, including those of the Universal Basic Education Commission, and Education for All. In addition, the 2015 NEDS provided critical information on the demand for schooling. The survey collected data on the age of children at first school attendance, dropout, and parents’/guardians’ perception of the benefits and demerits of schooling and school quality.

    The appropriateness of the National Population Commission to serve as the anchor for the survey is informed by our constitutional mandate to conduct periodic censuses and surveys in Nigeria. Essentially, the analysis of these data combined with Government data on education supply will enhance robust decision making on education planning and policies.

    I thank the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) for its support, the technical partners, and RTI International. I am deeply grateful for the collaboration and commitment of the Federal Ministry of Education, Universal Basic Education Commission, and National Bureau of Statistics in the implementation of this survey. The effort of the technical management team of the survey headed by the Project Director Ezenwa Nwamaka is greatly appreciated.

    I also acknowledge Akintola Williams Deloitte (AWD) for providing accounting and disbursement services that allowed for timely and efficient transfer of project funds throughout the duration of the exercise.

    Although the sample household selection is valid and reliable, this survey should be used to complement the

    more comprehensive national population and the annual school censuses.

    Eze Duruiheoma, SANChairmanNational Population Commission

  • 1. Introduction a. Introductionb. Report Summary Responsesc. How to Read This

    p. 1p. 2p. 3

    2. Parents/Guardians a. Demographicsb. Literacy and Education Attainment

    p. 4p. 5

    3. Children a. Demographicsb. Literacy c. Numeracy

    p. 6p. 7p. 9

    4. School Attendance Ratios a. Net and Gross Attendance Ratios: Attending Primaryb. Net and Gross Attendance Ratios: Attending Junior Secondaryc. Age-Specific Schooling Statusd. Under-Age, On-Time, and Over-Age Pupilse. Schooling Statusf. Early Childhood Educationg. Islamic Schooling

    p. 11p. 13p. 15p. 16p. 17p. 18p. 19

    5. Orphans a. Orphans p. 20

    6. Proximity to Schools a. Primaryb. Secondaryc. Primary School Selection and Reasons d. Junior Secondary School Selection and Reasons

    p. 21p. 23p. 25p. 26

    7. Attendance a. Age at First Primary School Attendanceb. Never Attended School c. Primary School Dropouts

    p. 27p. 28p. 29

    8. Textbooks a. Parent Perception of Free Textbook Availability p. 30

    9. Household Expenditures on Schooling

    a. Primary Schoolb. Junior Secondary School

    p. 31p. 32

    10. Other Contributions a. Time Spent on School Activitiesb. Homework

    p. 33p. 35

    11. School Quality Perceptions a. Primary School p. 36

    12. Absenteeism a. Attended all Days p. 37

    13. Team a. Members of Technical Implementation Team p. 39

    Table of Contents

  • 1 Introduction

    1

    QUESTIONNAIRE DEVELOPMENTThe NEDS 2015 was based on the instruments used in 2010 NEDS to ensure as much comparability as possible over time. 2010 NEDS Questionnaires were reviewed at a 3-day workshop with representatives from Government, civil society, and international development partners. The most significant changes were the removal of questions on HIV/AIDS curriculum in schools and the expansion of the literacy assessment to include comprehension questions.The questionnaires were translated into Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba.They were then programmed into Mobile Field Surveys software for use on tablets. The software and questionnaires were pilot tested, and changes made to skip patterns and language.

    TRAININGTwo hundred and fifty staff were trained of whom 185 were selected as main field interviewers.Training, conducted over 14 days, was facilitated by NPC State Coordinators and included lecture presentations, daily reviews, mock interviews, class exercises, and a written test at the end of every module. After classroom training, trainees practiced 3 days of field interviews in local languages in selected households near the training venue. A refresher training of 4 days was also conducted immediately before commencement of data collection.

    DATA COLLECTIONThe fieldwork took place between May and August 2015. Data was collected on tablets using computer assisted interview techniques.Teams composing of 4 field interviewers, a supervisor and a driver were supported by a quality control interviewer who re-interviewed 10% of households. In addition, quality assurance visits were conducted by international and national staff and feedback provided at monthly coordinator review meetings. Weekly progress on household disposition was electronically generat- ed and provided to team supervisors.Significant challenges included insecurity related to Boko Haram, communal clashes and flooding. In Borno,Yobe,Taraba, Adamawa, Nasarawa, Imo and Bayelsa states, household clusters needed to be replaced. Replacement cluster and households were selected following the process used under NDHS 2013. In Borno,Yobe, and Adamawa states, some selected households were identified and interviewed in the Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) Camps established by the federal and state governments.

    The 2015 Nigeria Education Data Survey (NEDS) is a nationally representative sample survey implemented by the National Population Commission (NPC) in collaboration with the Federal Ministry Of Education (FME), the Universal Basic Education Commission (UBEC), and the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS).

    The 2015 NEDS has the following specific objectives:

    Provide data on the schooling status of Nigerian children of basic education age, including factors influencing whether children ever enroll in school and why students drop out of school

    Quantify household expenditures on children’s schooling by examining different patterns of expenditure by various background characteristics

    Measure parents’ attitudes to schooling, including the quality of schooling and provide an understanding of attitudes that shape their willingness to send their children to school

    Measure the frequency of student absenteeism and reasons for missing school in order to suggest possible approaches to maximizing attendance

    Provide data that allows for trend analysis and State comparisons

    To serve as reference material to basic education managers and administrators at the National, State and the Local Education Authorities in providing useful information that will affect better planning and decision-making for greater efficiency in the basic education sub-sector.

  • COLLECTION SAMPLE

    2

    Introduction: Summary Responses 1

    ELIGIBLE PARENTS/GUARDIANSRURAL URBAN TOTAL

    Completed interviews 19,485 13,263 32,748

    Household member not at home 3 2 5Incomplete interviews 3 5 8Other reasons for no interview 34 11 45Refused interviews 10 3 13Total 19,535 13,284 32,819

    HOUSEHOLDSRURAL URBAN TOTAL

    Household interviews complete 18,451 12,748 31,199No eligible children in household 272 128 400Household schedule not completed 7 17 24Household refused to participate 14 14 28Household unoccupied/demolished 79 28 107Unable to contact household head 28 9 37Other reasons for non-completion 328 212 540Total 19,179 13,156 32,335

    ELIGIBLE CHILDRENRURAL URBAN TOTAL

    Completed interviews 50,883 33,949 84,832Household member not at home 2 4 6Incomplete interviews 8 5 13Ineligible respondents 56 27 83Other reasons for no interview 100 54 154Refused interviews 1 4 5Total 51,050 34,043 85,093

    LITERACY ASSESSMENTSRURAL URBAN TOTAL

    PARENTS/GUARDIANSCompleted interviews 15,385 8,699 24,084Household member not at home 35 14 49Incomplete interviews 4 2 6Other reasons for no interview 137 39 176Refused interviews 11 10 21OTHER HOUSEHOLD MEMBERCompleted interviews 24,567 13,077 37,644Household member not at home 41 18 59Incomplete interviews 3 4 7Other reasons for no interview 198 48 246Refused interviews 7 17 24ELIGIBLE CHILDCompleted interviews 47,647 31,727 79,374Household member not at home 78 74 152Incomplete interviews 11 15 26Other reasons for no interview 216 64 280Refused interviews 3 12 15

    MORE INFORMATION This report is available at www.eddataglobal.org and www.population.gov.ng

  • RURALURBANMALE FEMALE

    Parents/Guardians Residence

    MALE FEMALE

    DEFINITIONSPRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION covers ages 3–5 years. Education at this level is offered by both government and private providers. Pre-primary education aims to promote a smooth transition from home to school, prepare children for primary education, and provide adequate care and supervision for children while their parents work. This report covers pre-primary children ages 4-5.

    PRIMARY EDUCATION covers children ages 6–11 years. The curriculum aims to inculcate permanent literacy, laying a sound basis for scientific, critical, and reflective thinking, and equipping the child with core life skills for effective functioning in the society. Primary education is free and compulsory.

    JUNIOR SECONDARY (Also displayed as JSS) EDUCATION covers children between the ages of 12–14 years. It completes the basic education segment of the education structure. The curriculum at this level is both academic and pre-vocational. Its major thrust is to provide the child with diverse knowledge and skills for entrepreneurship and educational advancement. As part of the UBE (Universal Basic Education Program), it is free and compulsory.

    Children

    ECONOMIC QUINTILES represent a family’s level of wealth. This measure is divided into five categories describing the lowest wealth to the highest wealth. Wealth includes factors such as housing and household goods.

    SCHOOLING in the context of this report means public or private institutions that offer a full UBEC-approved curriculum. It excludes non-formal education, literacy centers and institutions offering only a part of the UBEC-approved curriculum.

    NET ATTENDANCE RATIO =

    All children of school going age in school

    All children of school going age in the population

    GROSS ATTENDANCE RATIO =

    All children regardless of age

    All children of school going age in the population

    NOTES

    Percentages may not add to 100 due to one of the following reasons:1. Rounding2. Categories were omittedEconomic quintiles are generated using imputed data.An asterisk denotes insufficient data on which to reportAbsolute sample response numbers can be found in the AnnexesComparisons with previous years use National Education Data Survey 2010 and Nigeria DHS EdData Survey 2004 as data sources.

    1 Introduction: How to Read this Report

    3

    ICONS & SYMBOLS

  • Related Annex Tables: 1.1, 1.2.,1.2.a, 1.2bi Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding. 4

    Parents/Guardians: Demographics 1

    Highest Level of Education Completed by Gender and Residence

    Highest Level of Education Completed by Age

    15-19 20-40 41-60 61+

    No Schooling 61% 34% 36% 60%

    Completed Primary 7% 16% 19% 16%

    Completed Secondary 12% 22% 15% 4%

    More than Secondary 1% 14% 19% 11%

    No Schooling

    Completed Primary

    Completed Secondary

    More than Secondary

    2010

    RURALURBANMALE FEMALE

    CHARACTERISTICS OF PARENT/GUARDIAN RESPONDENTS

    49% 51% 32% 68%

    34% 66% 41% 59%2015

    2004 59% 41% 34% 67%

  • 2 Parents/Guardians: Literacy & Education Attainment

    5

    Percentage Can Read by Age and GenderPercentage Can Read by Residence and Gender 20-40 years

    41-60 years61+ years

    67%

    42%

    61%

    34%

    No Schooling By State

    37%No Schooling

    Total Literacy Rates

    2015 2010 2004

    47% 52% 56%

    Related Annex Tables: 1.2, 2.1, 2.1a, 2.1bi Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    75-100% 50-74.9% 25-49.9% 0-24.9%

    Parents were considered literate if they could read at least one of three words in either English or one of three national languages on a presented flashcard.

  • 6

    Children: Demographics 3

    RURALURBANMALE

    DISTRIBUTION OF CHILDREN AGES 5-16

    FEMALE

    2010

    2010 52% 49% 30% 70%

    52% 48% 42% 58%2015

    2004 52% 48% 34% 66%

    Related Annex Tables: 3.0, 3.1, 3.6i

    Percent Literate by State Percent Numerate by State

    Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    75-100% 50-74.9% 25-49.9% 0-24.9%

  • Children were considered literate if they could read at least one of three words in English or one of three National languages on a presented flashcard.

    Related Annex Tables: 3.1, 3.1a, 3.1b i Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    JSS

    Literacy by Economic Quintile 2015 2010 2004Lowest 14% 16% 10%

    Second 32% 30% 14%

    Middle 52% 48% 22%

    Fourth 66% 65% 35%

    Highest 82% 83% 67%

    Literacy Numeracy

    Primary JSS Primary JSS

    Government 44% 91% 56% 94%

    Private 74% 96% 84% 95%

    No School Pre-Primary Primary

    CHILDREN AGES 5-16 WHO WERE ABLE TO READ

    Literacy by Residence and Gender

    Literacy by Schooling Level and Gender

    3 Children: Literacy

    7

    67%

    36%

    69%

    34%

  • Literacy by Class

    Comprehension by Class Comprehension by Primary JSS

    Public 22% 77%

    Private 47% 85%

    Related Annex Tables: 3.2, 3.5i Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    Literacy by Primary JSS

    Public 44% 91%

    Private 74% 96%

    LITERACY AND COMPREHENSION BY GRADE

    Literate children were considered to demonstrate comprehension if they were able to read and answer at least one of three sentences in the form of a question.

    8

    Children: Literacy 3

  • CHILDREN AGES 5-16 WHO WERE ABLE TO SUM A SINGLE DIGIT ADDITION PROBLEM

    Numeracy by Residence and Gender

    Numeracy by Schooling Status and Gender

    75%

    40%

    76%

    39%

    Numeracy by Education Level 2015 2010

    No Schooling 7% 14%

    Pre-primary 34% 48%

    Primary 65% 71%

    Secondary and Higher 95% 97%

    Related Annex Tables: 3.6, 3.6a, 3.6b, i Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    Numeracy by Economic Quintile 2015 2010 2004

    Lowest 14% 26% 26%

    Second 38% 45% 33%

    Middle 61% 64% 41%

    Fourth 75% 77% 54%

    Highest 87% 88% 81%

    JSSNo School Pre-Primary Primary

    3 Children: Numeracy

    9

  • Numeracy by Class

    Advanced Numeracy by Class

    Related Annex Tables: 3.7, 3.8i Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    NUMERACY AND ADVANCED NUMERACY BY CLASS

    Children were considered to demonstrate advanced numeracy if they were able to sum or subtract at least one double-digit problem.

    Children: Numeracy 3

    10

  • By Gender & Residence

    NAR GAR

    81% 102%

    59% 80%

    80% 100%

    55% 76%

    ATTENDING PRIMARY SCHOOL

    By Net Attendance Ratio (NAR) and Gross Attendance Ratios (GAR)

    2015 2010

    Nigeria

    67% 63%

    NAR

    Nigeria

    87% 86%

    GAR

    Economic Quintile NAR GARLowest 34% 50%

    Second 61% 86%

    Middle 78% 105%

    Fourth 83% 105%

    Highest 84% 99%

    NAR/GAR Time Series by Gender

    2015 2010

    NAR MaleGAR MaleNAR FemaleGAR Female

    Related Annex Tables: 4.1i Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    4 School Attendance Ratios: Net and Gross Attendance Ratios: Attending Primary

    11

  • Net Attendance Ratios

    Percent of Primary Attendance in Private Schools

    Gross Attendance Ratios

    75-100% 50-74.9% 25-49.9% 0-24.9%

    75-100% 50-74.9% 25-49.9% 0-24.9%

    Related Annex Tables: 4.1, 4.4, 4.5i Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    Percent Attendance in Private School

    24%

    School Attendance Ratios: Net and Gross Attendance Ratios: Attending Primary 4

    12

  • By Gender & Residence

    NAR GAR

    50% 79%

    31% 55%

    53% 85%

    29% 47%

    ATTENDING JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL

    By Net Attendance Ratio (NAR) and Gross Attendance Ratios (GAR)

    2015 2010*

    NAR GAR

    Economic Quintile NAR GARLowest 9% 19%

    Second 27% 48%

    Middle 43% 72%

    Fourth 52% 82%

    Highest 62% 97%

    By Gender

    2015 2010

    NAR MaleGAR MaleNAR FemaleGAR Female

    Related Annex Tables: 4.2i Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    Note: GAR for 2010 not available.

    4 School Attendance Ratios: Net and Gross Attendance Ratios: Attending Junior Secondary

    13

    *2010 GAR included JSS and SSS and is not comparable

  • Net Attendance Ratios—JSS

    Percent of JSS Attendance in Private Schools

    Gross Attendance Ratios—JSS

    75-100% 50-74.9% 25-49.9% 0-24.9%

    75-100% 50-74.9% 25-49.9% 0-24.9%

    Related Annex Tables: 3.2, 4.4, 4.6i Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    Percent Attendance in Private School

    25%

    School Attendance Ratios: Net and Gross Attendance Ratios: Attending Junior Secondary 4

    14

  • Never Attended

    Dropped out/Left School

    2+ Years Ago

    Pre-primary

    Primary

    JSS

    By Gender

    By Economic Quintile

    FORMAL SCHOOLING STATUS FOR CHILDREN AGES 5-16

    Percent Never Attended 2015 Percent Never Attended 2010

    75-100% 50-74.9% 25-49.9% 0-24.9%

    Related Annex Tables: 4.4, 4.4a, 4.4bi Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    4 School Attendance Ratios: Age-Specific Schooling Status

    15

  • Male

    As the official age of entry into Primary1 is age 6, a Primary1 pupil who is age 6 or 7 years is considered to be on-time; a pupil age 8 or older is over-age; and a pupil age 5 or younger is under-age.

    Female

    OVER-AGE pupils are two or more years older than the official age for their class.

    UNDER-AGE pupils are one or more years younger than the official age for their class.

    ON-TIME PUPILS are the official age or one year older than the official age for their class.

    Related Annex Tables: 4.3a, 4.3bi Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    Schooling Status: Under-Age, On-Time, and Over-Age Pupils 4

    16

  • SCHOOLING STATUS

    Never Attended

    Dropped out/Left School

    Pre-primary

    Primary

    JSS

    Senior Secondary and Tertiary

    Related Annex Tables: 4.4i Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    4 School Attendance Ratios: Schooling Status

    17

  • Impact of Pre-Primary Participation on Literacy Rates

    Participated inPre-Primary

    Did Not Participate in Pre-Primary

    60% 40%

    63% 37%

    71% 29%

    50% 50%

    PARTICIPATION IN PRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION

    Gross Attendance Rates

    GAR in Pre-Primary by Economic Quintile

    Related Annex Tables: 4.1ai Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    75-100% 50-74.9% 25-49.9% 0-24.9%

    Early Childhood Education 4

    18

  • PERCENT OF CHILDREN WHO

    ARE MUSLIM

    Muslim Children Schooling Status

    Formal Schooling Only

    Attend Both Formal & Religious Schooling

    Religious Schooling Only No Schooling

    NORTH CENTRAL

    2015 46% 31% 49% 9% 11%

    2010 43% 19% 48% 20% 12%

    NORTH EAST

    2015 85% 11% 29% 29% 31%

    2010 82% 8% 34% 42% 16%

    NORTHWEST

    2015 91% 5% 44% 35% 16%

    2010 92% 4% 46% 42% 7%

    SOUTHWEST

    2015 38% 44% 48% 2% 7%

    2010 41% 39% 51% 4% 6%

    SOUTH EAST

    2015 * * * * *

    2010 * * * * *

    SOUTH SOUTH

    2015 2% 59% 39% * *

    2010 3% 67% 31% 2% 1%

    NIGERIA 2015 50% 15% 42% 26% 18%

    ISLAMIC SCHOOL ATTENDANCE BY ZONE

    Related Annex Tables: 4.7 Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.19

    4 Islamic Schooling

    19

  • ISLAMIC SCHOOL ATTENDANCE BY ZONE

    South South Both parents living One or both parents deceased

    NAR Number of children NAR Number of children

    Gender

    67% 20,449 71% 1,557

    65% 18,858 71% 1,382

    Residence

    81% 16,005 78% 1,266

    56% 23,303 66% 1,673

    Economic Quintile

    Lowest 34% 9,551 45% 604

    Second 61% 7,744 70% 597

    Middle 78% 7,052 78% 688

    Fourth 83% 7,087 82% 607

    Highest 84% 7,874 83% 443

    Region

    North Central 73% 5,456 77% 411

    North East 43% 5,982 46% 380

    North West 51% 11,594 49% 656

    South East 85% 4,092 86% 514

    South South 82% 5,096 86% 578

    South West 82% 7,089 85% 401

    TOTAL: 66% 39,308 71% 2,940

    PRE-PRIMARY AND SCHOOL-AGED ORPHANS

    Related Annex Tables: 5.1i 20

    Orphan Children 5

  • Private Schools Government Schools

    NORTH CENTRAL 23% 69%

    NORTH EAST 4% 89%

    NORTH WEST 6% 89%

    SOUTH EAST 24% 65%

    SOUTH SOUTH 25% 57%

    SOUTH WEST 31% 50%

    PROPORTION OF PUPILS WHO WALK TO PRIMARY SCHOOL

    Related Annex Tables: 6.1i Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    6 Proximity to Schools: Primary

    21

  • 100 min.20 min.0 min. 80 min.60 min.40 min.

    100 min.20 min.0 min. 80 min.60 min.40 min.

    3%

    41%56%

    Private School

    Government School

    Do Not Attend School

    ENROLLMENT STATUS & WALKING TIME TO THE NEAREST PRIMARY SCHOOL

    Percent of students in:

    34%

    63%

    4%

    100 min.20 min.0 min. 80 min.60 min.40 min.

    4%

    100 min.20 min.0 min. 80 min.60 min.40 min.

    58%

    100 min.20 min.0 min. 80 min.60 min.40 min.

    22%

    58%

    20%

    100 min.20 min.0 min. 80 min.60 min.40 min.

    50%

    5%

    45%

    70%

    38%

    27%2%

    22

    Proximity to Schools: Primary 6

  • Private Schools Government Schools

    NORTH CENTRAL 21% 62%

    NORTH EAST 7% 76%

    NORTH WEST 9% 68%

    SOUTH EAST 25% 59%

    SOUTH SOUTH 25% 49%

    SOUTH WEST 16% 54%

    PROPORTION OF PUPILS WHO WALK TO JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL

    Related Annex Tables: 6.2i Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    6 Proximity to Schools: Junior Secondary

    23

  • 26%

    70%

    4%

    4%

    28%

    69%

    3%

    5%

    64%

    13%

    Private School

    Government School

    Do Not Attend School

    ENROLLMENT STATUS & WALKING TIME TO THE NEAREST JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL

    Percent of students in:

    150 min.0 min. 50 min. 100 min.

    23%

    150 min.0 min. 50 min. 100 min.

    150 min.0 min. 50 min. 100 min.

    150 min.0 min. 50 min. 100 min.

    150 min.0 min. 50 min. 100 min.

    150 min.0 min. 50 min. 100 min.

    47% 49%

    54%

    64%

    6%

    40%

    31%

    24

    Proximity to Schools: Junior Secondary 6

  • Closest with Space Available

    Better School Less Expensive

    By Residence and Gender

    By Economic Quintile

    Overall ReasonsTOP REASONS FOR CHOOSING PRIMARY SCHOOL

    Closest with space available 32% 62% 48% 48%

    Better School 50% 25% 36% 37%

    Less Expensive 14% 11% 13% 12%

    Related Annex Tables: 6.6i Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    Closest with Space Available

    Better School Less Expensive

    48%

    37%

    12%

    5 Proximity to Schools: Primary School Selection and Reasons

    25

  • Related Annex Tables: 6.7i Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    By Residence and Gender

    By Economic Quintile

    Overall Reasons

    Closest with Space Available 23% 47% 36% 30%

    Better School 55% 36% 45% 50%

    Less Expensive 17% 14% 15% 16%

    TOP REASONS FOR CHOOSING JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL

    Closest with Space Available

    Better School Less Expensive

    Closest with Space Available

    Better School Less Expensive

    47%

    33%

    16%

    Proximity to Schools: Junior Secondary School Selection and Reasons 6

    26

  • Top Reasons for Starting at Age 7 or Older

    Too Expensive 33%

    Too Young 17%

    Other Factors 12%

    Too Far 9%

    Labor Needed 8%

    By Economic Quintile

    By Gender and Residence

    7 and Older

    Younger than 6 18% 19% 18% 19%

    6 64% 64% 67% 60%

    7 and Older 19% 18% 15% 21%

    Younger than 6 6

    Percent Starting at Official Age (6)

    Related Annex Tables: 7.1, 7.2i Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    100

    80

    60

    40

    20

    02004 20152010

    52%

    58%64%

    7 Attendance: Age at First Primary School Attendance

    27

  • Percent Never Attended Primary School

    Top Reasons by Gender and Residence

    Never Attended School

    2015 24%2010 26%

    Top Reasons for Having Never Attended School2015 2010 2004

    School Too Far 23% 32% 20%

    Labor Needed 21% 32% 34%

    Monetary Cost 18% 25% 23%

    Poor School Quality 14% 17% 14%

    No Interest 10% 10% 8%

    School Too FarLabor NeededMonetary CostPoor School QualityNo Interest

    Related Annex Tables: 7.4i Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    Attendance: Never Attended School 7

    28

    75-100% 50-74.9% 25-49.9% 0-24.9%

  • Did Not Complete Primary 1

    Primary 1

    Primary 2

    Primary 3

    Primary 4

    Primary 5

    Primary 6 JSS1 JSS2 JSS3

    3% 14% 15% 12% 8% 7% 27% 4% 5% 5%

    6% 15% 15% 11% 6% 7% 27% 3% 4% 6%

    Class Completed at Time of Dropout by Gender (As a Percent of All Dropouts)

    Top Reasons by Gender and Residence

    National Dropout Rate Mean Age for Dropouts

    2%2015 2010 2004

    10 11 10PRIMARY JSS

    9 12

    Monetary CostLabor NeededPoor School QualitySchool too FarEngaged, Married, Pregnancy

    Top Reasons for Dropping OutGOVERNMENT

    SCHOOL PRIVATE SCHOOL 2015 2010 2004

    Monetary Cost 23% 49% 26% 33% 31%

    Labor Needed 15% 11% 14% 17% 21%

    Poor School Quality 15% 2% 13% 6% 17%

    School Too Far 7% 3% 6% 8% 10%

    Engaged, Married, Pregnancy 5% 1% 5% n/a n/a

    Related Annex Tables: 4.4, 7.5, 7.6i Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    7 Attendance: School Dropouts

    29

  • Textbooks Available at School by Subject

    English 42% 43% 40% 43%

    Mathematics 41% 40% 39% 41%

    Social Studies 28% 27% 27% 28%

    Integrated/Basic Science 21% 20% 20% 21%

    Language 12% 12% 13% 12%

    Textbooks Available at School by Subject

    English 28% 31% 30% 28%

    Mathematics 27% 31% 30% 28%

    Social Studies 20% 23% 21% 21%

    Integrated/Basic Science 18% 19% 18% 18%

    Language 11% 13% 13% 11%

    IN GOVERNMENT JSS

    Textbooks Freely Available by Zone

    Related Annex Tables: 8.1, 8.2i Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    IN GOVERNMENT PRIMARY SCHOOL

    75-100% 50-74.9% 25-49.9% 0-24.9%

    75-100% 50-74.9% 25-49.9% 0-24.9%

    Textbooks Freely Available by Zone

    30

    Textbooks: Parent Perception of Free Textbook Availability 8

  • PRIVATESCHOOL

    GOVERNMENTSCHOOL

    Annual Average Total Expenditure Per Pupil by Gender, Residence, and Type of School

    Notes:

    Includes only expenditures made by members of the household.

    Some expenditures were included in a “lump sum” payment and may not appear in item cost calculations

    By Economic QuintileAverage Total Expenditure by State Annually

    2015 8,146 8,793 14,551 2,940 22,340 1,687

    2010 12,901 13,419 22,273 8,592 30,333 7,190

    2004 7,859 7,992 10,495 6,390 * 5,684

    Mean Expenditure

    Lowest 762

    Second 1,296

    Middle 2,993

    Fourth 6,188

    Highest 27,190

    NExpenditures in

    Most Frequent Cost Items Spent by Family2015 2010 2004 PRIVATE GOVERNMENT

    Books and Supplies 97% 98% 99% 100% 96%

    Uniforms and Clothing 91% 93% 89% 95% 89%

    PTA Fees 73% 64% 72% 88% 66%

    Exam Fees 60% 50% 48% 86% 48%

    Food 30% 58% 64% 54% 47%

    Mean Cost of Most Frequent Cost Items Spent by Family2015 2010 2004 PRIVATE GOVERNMENT

    Books and Supplies 3,101 2,055 1,124 5,741 1,866

    Uniforms and Clothing 1,958 1,226 828 2,975 1,495

    PTA Fees 451 453 218 901 339

    Exam Fees 374 540 309 803 261

    Food 2,118 6,599 4,305 3,076 1,599

    PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION EXPENDITURES

    Related Annex Tables: 9.1, 9.2, 9.3i Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    9 Household Expenditures on Schooling: Primary School

    31

    30,000+20,001-30,000 10,001.20,0000-10,000

  • Mean Expenditure

    Lowest 762

    Second 1,296

    Middle 2,993

    Fourth 6,188

    Highest 27,190

    Per-Pupil Average Total Annual Expenditure by Gender, Residence, and Type of School

    Average Total Expenditure by StateBy Economic QuintileAverage Expenditure

    Lowest 3,483

    Second 4,173

    Middle 5,784

    Fourth 8,477

    Highest 36,720

    PRIVATESCHOOL

    GOVERNMENTSCHOOL

    30,000+20,001-30,000 10,001.20,0000-10,000

    Most Frequent Cost Items Spent by Family2015 2010 2004 PRIVATE GOVERNMENT

    Books and Supplies 99% 100% 99% 100% 99%

    Uniforms and Clothing 96% 97% 91% 96% 95%

    PTA Fees 76% 74% 82% 89% 71%

    Exam Fees 70% 67% 67% 87% 64%

    School Levies 56% 45% 57% 97% 41%

    Mean Cost of Most Frequent Cost Items Spent by Family2015 2010 2004 PRIVATE GOVERNMENT

    Books and Supplies 5,765 4,455 2,766 8,610 4,668

    Uniforms and Clothing 2,893 1,961 1,464 3,756 2,576

    PTA Fees 884 996 565 1,309 788

    Exam Fees 764 955 739 1,435 614

    School Levies 7,966 1,174 513 766 323

    2015 15,837 15,541 21,866 7,407 40,167 5,680

    2010 12,901 13,419 22,273 8,592 30,333 7,190

    2004 17,068 24,454 20,948 20,284 N/A N/A

    JSS EDUCATION EXPENDITURES

    Notes:

    Includes only expenditures made by members of the household.

    Some expenditures were included in a “lump sum” payment and may not appear in item cost calculations

    2010 and 2004 data include Senior Secondary School.

    NExpenditures in

    Related Annex Tables: 9.4, 9.5, 9.6i Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    Household Expenditures on Schooling: Junior Secondary School 9

    32

  • Official school hours are 8 am to 1pm, allowing 5 hours of class time.

    Time Pupils Spent at Primary School

    Average Number of Hours Spent in Primary School

    2015 72010 72004 6 7 and Higher

    65Less than 5

    By Economic Quintile7 and UpLess than 5 Hours 5 Hours 6 Hours

    Lowest 16% 29% 31% 25%

    Second 12% 22% 32% 34%

    Middle 7% 16% 29% 48%

    Fourth 6% 12% 22% 60%

    Highest 4% 4% 13% 79%

    EDUCATION & ENRICHMENT TIME

    Related Annex Tables: 10.1i Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    Time in School by Grade

    5 7 and Higher6

    Government Private

    Less than 5

    10 Other Contributions: Time on School-Related Activites—JSS Other Contributions: Time on School-Related Activites 1010 Other Contributions: Time on School-Related Activites

    33

  • Related Annex Tables: 10.1, 10.2, 10.3i Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    Official school hours are 8 am to 2pm, allowing 6 hours of class time.

    Average Hours by Economic Quintile

    Average Hours by Residence

    Time Pupils Spent at JSS

    7 7 7 8

    6 7 6 7

    Lowest 6 7 6 7

    Second 6 7 6 7

    Middle 6 7 6 7

    Fourth 7 7 7 7

    Highest 8 8 7 8

    Average Number of Hours Spent in JSS

    2015 72010 82004 7

    Primary JSS Government Private

    Primary JSS Government Private

    7 and Higher65Less than 5

    10 Other Contributions: Time on School-Related Activites—JSS Other Contributions: Time on School-Related Activites 10

    34

    10 Other Contributions: Time on School-Related Activites

  • Percent of Children That Do Not Do Homework Outside of School—Primary School

    By State

    By State

    Percent of Children That Do Not Do Homework Outside of School—JSS

    2015 42%2010 36%2004 40%

    31% 22% 27%

    52% 43% 47%

    54% 45% 46%

    16% 11% N/A

    2015 2010 2004

    2015 27%2010 13%2004 11%

    26% 10% 8%

    28% 14% 14%

    32% 15% N/A

    16% 4% N/A

    2015 2010 2004

    GOVERNMENTSCHOOL

    PRIVATESCHOOL

    75-100% 50-74.9% 25-49.9% 0-24.9%

    Note: 2010 and 2004 data include Senior Secondary School.

    75-100% 50-74.9% 25-49.9% 0-24.9%

    By Economic Quintile in FCT

    GOVERNMENTSCHOOL

    PRIVATESCHOOL

    Related Annex Tables: 10.4, 10.5i Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    10 Other Contributions: Homework

    35

  • Physical Condition of the Classroom

    GOVERNMENTSCHOOL

    PRIVATESCHOOL

    Physical Condition of the Classroom

    Classroom Overcrowding Pupil Safety

    Head Teacher Performance

    TeacherPerformance

    2015 2010 2015 2010 2015 2010 2015 2010 2015 2010

    26% 28% 29% 31% 13% 16% 17% 15% 18% 15%

    46% 47% 46% 46% 29% 25% 37% 27% 40% 25%

    39% 49% 41% 50% 24% 26% 30% 27% 33% 26%

    24% 19% 26% 16% 13% 10% 17% 9% 17% 10%

    Teacher Performance

    75-100% 50-74.9% 25-49.9% 0-24.9%

    PERCENT OF PARENTS/GUARDIANS THAT PERCEIVE A PROBLEM WITH THE FOLLOWING ASPECTS IN PRIMARY SCHOOL

    Related Annex Tables: 11.1, 11.2i Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    School Quality Perceptions: Primary School 11

    36

    10 Other Contributions: Homework

  • PERCENT OF CHILDREN WHO MISSED ONE OR MORE DAYS

    Primary JSS Primary JSS

    2015 17% 15% 15% 19%

    2010 21% 17% 13% 18%

    Government Private

    Primary JSS Primary JSS

    2015 17% 17% 16% 15%

    2010 20% 19% 19% 16%

    2004 12% 9% 10% 11%

    Primary JSS Primary JSS

    2015 14% 15% 19% 16%

    2010 14% 13% 23% 20%

    2004 7% 6% 13% 13%

    Note: 2010 and 2004 data include Senior Secondary School.

    Related Annex Tables: 12.1, 12.3i Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    12 Absenteeism

    37

    37

  • Top Reasons for Missing Primary School or JSS

    Primary

    Junior Secondary

    Reason 2015 2010 2004

    Primary JSS Primary JSS

    Illness 32% 28% 33% 33% 25%

    Child Did Not Want to Go 15% 7% 21% 14% 21%

    School Fees Due 8% 11% 9% 20% 4%

    Child Needed for Family Farm/Business 6% 5% 11% 11% 6%

    Other 31% 42% 21% 22% 30%

    By Economic Quintile for Primary and Junior Secondary Schools

    Note: 2010 and 2004 data include Senior Secondary School.

    Mean Days Missed by Quintile 7 6 6 6 4 5 4 5 3 5

    Related Annex Tables: 12.1, 12.2, 12.3, 12.4i Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

    Absenteeism 12

    38

  • 13 Team

    39

    MEMBERS OF TECHNICAL IMPLEMENTATION TEAM

    MEMBERS OF TECHNICAL WORKING GROUPNATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION

    Dr Samson Olaanipekun Director Planning & Research

    Ezenwa Nwamaka L. Project Director

    Inuwa B. Jalingo Project Coordinator

    Akinsibo Lydia Olayinka State Coordinator

    Ogu Gloria State Coordinator

    Muhammad Abdullah State Coordinator

    Winifred Ittah State Coordinator

    Datsu Kalep Harris State Coordinator

    Yemisi Ogunmola Daomi State Coordinator

    Hinna Abubakar M. State Coordinator

    Manuagwu John State Coordinator

    Raliya Sambo State Coordinator

    Ugwuanyi Charles Okafor State Coordinator

    Makinwa O. Martin State Coordinator

    Abdulrahman Issa A. State Coordinator

    Ahmed Kumo Abubakar State Coordinator

    Adekunle Fasiku State Coordinator

    Onuorah Innocent State Coordinator

    Sanni S. Peter State Coordinator

    Amakwe Helen O State Coordinator

    Amarachukwu Onwuzurumba State Coordinator

    UNIVERSAL BASIC OF EDUCATION

    Akpanossom Essien Udoh State Coordinator

    FEDERAL MINISTRY OF EDUCATION

    Nganjiozor Matthews State Coordinator

    Zubairu Muhammed State Coordinator

    Ofuani Ndubuisi Christopher State Coordinator

    NATIONAL BUREAU OF STATISTICS

    Obiofuma Christopher State Coordinator

    TECHNICAL SUPPORTUSAID

    Croshelle Harris-Hussein Education Office Director

    Sunny Fwogos Education Program Assistant and NEDS 2015 COR

    Tim Curtin Deputy Education Office Director and Alternate NEDS 2015 COR

    Wale Samuel Education Program Manager

    Yahaya Momoh USAID Financial Analyst

    RTI INTERNATIONAL

    Alastair Rodd Project Manager

    Karol Krotki Senior Research Statistician/Director

    Lisa Thalji Senior Survey Research Specialist/Director

    Charles Lau Survey Methodologist

    Annette Green Research Statistician

    Stirling Cummings Research Statistician

    Jason Boyte Senior Visual Designer

    Patrick Brown Senior Web Developer

    Alexander Smith Senior Web Developer

    Megan McCune Project Coordinator

    Lucy Johnson Country Liaison

  • Team 13

    40

    FIELD TEAMSABIA

    Onwunka Patrick.a Supervisor

    Onwughalu Anthony C Quality Control

    Njoku Akudo Chinonye Interviewer

    Ogbujih Veronica .O.c Interviewer

    Ahuchogu Ugochukwu Interviewer

    Ikenna Patrick Okereke Interviewer

    ADAMAWA

    Neros F. Wonakpalukai Supervisor

    Biyama Zubema Quality Control

    Sunday Yusuf Interviewer

    Glory Charles Interviewer

    Hadiza Ibrahim Interviewer

    Safiya Abubakar Marafa Interviewer

    AKWA IBOM

    Ekpenyong Afia J.u Supervisor

    Ekaumoh Sylvanus Umoh Quality Control

    Caroline Modupe Ojesanmi Interviewer

    Udoh Henry Saviour Interviewer

    Efe Ukiri Interviewer

    Samuel B. Udoudo Akpan Interviewer

    ANAMBRA

    Igboanusi Chibuzor Jay Supervisor

    Uzoigwe Chinedu Quality Control

    Okafor Chukwudi U Interviewer

    Okpala Ebere Anthonia Interviewer

    Uchenna Josephine U Interviewer

    Anyakora Chinonye Interviewer

    BAUCHI

    Salami Patrick Supervisor

    Talatu Jonathan Quality Control

    Taimada Dzarmah Interviewer

    Esther Gagara Interviewer

    Bashir Muhammad Yau Interviewer

    Amina Garba Jibrin Interviewer

    BAYELSA

    Ineife Ayibaemi Supervisor

    Amakirisou Micheal Peresine Quality Control

    Thomas Elizabeth Interviewer

    Frank Inatari Interviewer

    Tamarakoro Austen Pabor Interviewer

    Ogbonna Chimezie P Interviewer

    BENUE

    Onuminya Ojobi Sheena Supervisor

    Oodo Augustine Ekere .A Quality Control

    Moses Agada Emmanuel Interviewer

    Uzungwe Henry Interviewer

    Amuche Anthonia Interviewer

    Jando Member Andrea Interviewer

    BORNO

    Saleh Garba Supervisor

    Abubakar Suleiman Madaki Quality Control

    Mohammed Musa Interviewer

    Habiba Bulama Interviewer

    Fati Yusuf Mirnga Interviewer

    Usman Aliyu Interviewer

    CROSS RIVER

    Abam Uket Ofem Supervisor

    Justina Sylvester Eteng Quality Control

    Eunice K.m.a .Ittah Interviewer

    Egbe Margaret Jonah Interviewer

    Uyoma Franklin .M Interviewer

    Nwoke Victor Interviewer

    DELTA

    Iyaji Samuel .C Quality Control

    Elo-Odikaesieme Angela Interviewer

    Opara Kenneth .I Interviewer

    Akhidenor .P Ekeleoseye Interviewer

    Nwogu Chinedu Goodluck Interviewer

    EBONYI

    Nwachukwu Nwakaego C. Supervisor

    Nwosu Lucia Quality Control

    Igwe Cletus N Interviewer

    Igboke Amaka I. Interviewer

    Ojukwu Paulus Chukwu Interviewer

    Ezenwa Okechukwu U. Interviewer

    EDOAibuedefe Elvis .U Supervisor

    Akpaja Ernest Quality Control

    Nwosu Stanley Onyeka Interviewer

    Aghama Efeke Magdalene Interviewer

    Osifo .O. Julie Interviewer

    Lakoju Kehinde Lomeh Interviewer

    EKITI

    Opaleke Demilade Samuel Supervisor

    Bello Mary Adenike Quality Control

    Akomolafe Folashade Interviewer

    Adebayo Oluremi David Interviewer

    Oyerinde Idowu Stephen Interviewer

    Ipinlaye Yemisi Rafat Interviewer

    ENUGU

    Nwobodo Ngozi Lovelyn Supervisor

    Elibe Charity Ekwutosi Quality Control

    Ezeifedi Ursula Chioma Interviewer

    Kekeh Chuka A Interviewer

    Nnaji Nwanneka Doris Interviewer

    Obinna Nwankwo Interviewer

  • 13 Team

    41

    FIELD TEAMS (cont.)FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY

    Okoro Joy Adanma Supervisor

    Nnochiri Bianca Chioma Quality Control

    Ukanwa Juliet Interviewer

    Anaetoh Obianuju Interviewer

    Duru Stephen Nonso Interviewer

    Solagbade Peter Oluwole Interviewer

    GOMBE

    Adamu Mohd Hamisu Supervisor

    Dahiru Bello Ribadu Quality Control

    Ahijo Adamu Sabuda Interviewer

    Roseline S.danladi Interviewer

    Sa'adatu Abubakar Interviewer

    Mahammed Ayuba Interviewer

    IMO

    Nnadi Vitaleen Supervisor

    Okere Chijioke Bruno Quality Control

    Oparah Ahunna Julianne Interviewer

    Okoh Stella Onyinyechi Interviewer

    Orji Chinenye Interviewer

    Ogubuike Chinasa.v Interviewer

    JIGAWA

    Umar Mahmud Jingino Supervisor

    Ibrahim Ubani Quality Control

    Zainab Ayobami Bello Interviewer

    Kucheli Hassan Interviewer

    Aisha Abubakar Bello Interviewer

    Aminu Aliyu Interviewer

    KADUNA

    Hamza Muhammad .Y Supervisor

    Akok Barnabas Kambai Quality Control

    Akok Stephen Interviewer

    Rahila .T Dickson Interviewer

    Hauwa Moh'd Musa Interviewer

    Helen David Interviewer

    KANO

    Abubakar Ibrahim Umara Supervisor

    Yunusa Yahuza Quality Control

    Abdullahi Aisha Interviewer

    Baraatu Ismail Usman Interviewer

    Khadija Bilal Interviewer

    Ismaila .A Waru Interviewer

    Maijidda Baba Gimba Interviewer

    KATSINA

    Lawal M.kurfi Supervisor

    Sani Saidu Quality Control

    Fatima Bashir Kaita Interviewer

    Lydia Maikud Interviewer

    Salamatu Salaha Muhammed Interviewer

    Bello Umar Babashi Interviewer

    KEBBI

    Idris Abubakar.s Supervisor

    Umar Muhd .A Quality Control

    Abubakar Aliyu Sambawa Interviewer

    Rukayya Muhammed Interviewer

    Aishatu Lawal Interviewer

    Habiba Abubakar Interviewer

    KOGI

    Yaba Zakari-Yau Supervisor

    Ibechone Uchola Quality Control

    Jimoh Opisah Aliu Interviewer

    Aiyenigba Mercy Interviewer

    Usman M. Hajara Interviewer

    Otene Enemi Josaphat Interviewer

    KWARA

    Aremu Khadijat Supervisor

    Adewunmi Adebola Ibironke Quality Control

    Bello Abdullahi Interviewer

    Ahmed Mistura Mojirayo Interviewer

    Abdulrauph A. Abdullahi Interviewer

    Otunola Abdulgafar Interviewer

    LAGOS

    Adebakin Jaiyeola J Supervisor

    Odunaike George .T Quality Control

    Okezie Obianuju .E Interviewer

    Olanipekun Abiola O Interviewer

    Adekola Kazeem .A Interviewer

    Adekeye Folashade .O Interviewer

    Okoro Nchedochukwuka Interviewer

    NASARAWA

    Dasplang P Sunday Supervisor

    Aishatu Muhammad Adih Quality Control

    Abdullahi Ali Eka Interviewer

    Jacob Titus Abeku Interviewer

    Odela Joan Ame Interviewer

    Covenant Daniel Interviewer

    NIGER

    Usman Sani Akoyi Supervisor

    Umaru Abubakar Laga Quality Control

    Lynda Mshela James Interviewer

    Aisha Sani Barde Interviewer

    Sunday Goyinze Interviewer

    Layla Abubakar Azozo Interviewer

    OGUN

    Kuye Rasaq Adesina Supervisor

    Oluyomi Olumide A. Quality Control

    Okunade Olubunmi A. Interviewer

    Babatunde Olufunmilayo A. Interviewer

    Oji Chinonso Cynthia Interviewer

    Akinola Adefunke B. Interviewer

  • Team 13

    42

    ONDO

    Apanisile Moses O. Supervisor

    Osungbohun Samsunneo Abiodun.o Quality Control

    Oyinkolade Damilola M. Interviewer

    Ifelola Abiola I. Interviewer

    Ale Taiwo Solomon Interviewer

    Ayeyo Funso Tosin Interviewer

    OSUN

    Adeboye Tinuola M. Supervisor

    Adeleke Tayo Taiwo Quality Control

    Adejobi Elijah Akinbayo Interviewer

    Adeyeye Olayanju Interviewer

    Lawal O. Nofisat Interviewer

    Akinkurolere Samuel Interviewer

    OYO

    Esuola Lukuman O. Supervisor

    Adegbite Abiodun Adedeji Quality Control

    Adeola Olubunmi T. Interviewer

    Giwa Olabisi B. Interviewer

    Fakorede Quadri Interviewer

    Adepoju Damilola E. Interviewer

    PLATEAU

    Oyibo Onimisi Ozigi Interviewer

    Augustine Iliya Supervisor

    Pam Joshua Wang Quality Control

    Yaktor Irmiya Inusa Interviewer

    Philomena Azumi Zamfara Interviewer

    Abraham Nanna Mamdam Interviewer

    RIVERS

    Miamon Nyeke Supervisor

    Koko Christain Iyerikabo Quality Control

    Ayibia Selema Interviewer

    Praise Elizabeth Chideraa Interviewer

    Chioma Mezue Interviewer

    David Efe Egbare Interviewer

    SOKOTO

    Sani Ladan Supervisor

    Yahaya Yunusa .K. Quality Control

    Abba Rufai Interviewer

    Saadatu A. Anka 1 Interviewer

    Ramatu Suleiman Interviewer

    Madaki Adamu Ali Interviewer

    TARABA

    Murtala Mohammed Lau Supervisor

    Abdulkarim Yakubu Quality Control

    Shinggu Billy Interviewer

    Nancy .D Kassa Interviewer

    Hauwa Abba Yidi Interviewer

    Isa Mohammad Interviewer

    YOBE

    Thlama Ndirmbula Supervisor

    ALIYU JIBRIL VWA Quality Control

    Mohammed Abdulhamid Interviewer

    Ya Gumsu Shehu Mustapha Interviewer

    Suleiman Saleh Interviewer

    Fatime Wakil Ibrahim Interviewer

    ZAMFARA

    Garba Salisu Musa Supervisor

    Abdurrahman Azeez Quality Control

    Bello Muhammad Interviewer

    Saratu Wakili Interviewer

    Halima Abdullahi Magaji Interviewer

    Ado Mamman Interviewer

    GENERAL

    Sadiq Hadiza Abubakar Reserve

    Nwohu Obike Reserve

    Mordi Vero Reserve

    Ezeh Akudo Caroline Reserve

    Ogbonna David Ugochukwu Reserve

    Ahmed Yahaya Doma Reserve

    Paul Daniel Reserve

    Ebierebo Guembe Reserve

    Ernestine Bassey Ndem Reserve

    Obidinma Onyeka .E Reserve

    Dauda Aishatu Gadzama Reserve

    Egbe Bassey Gladys Reserve

    Onovughakpo A. O. Ufuoma Reserve

    Nwoga Anayochi Reserve

    Alilionwu Ebere Sandra Reserve

    Ufondu Doris Ifeoma Reserve

    Maduakor Alvan .C Reserve

    Onyia Ifeanyichukwu Reserve

    Awual Suleiman Reserve

    Obanoyen Adekunle Abdul Rahman Reserve

    Grace Uchechi Chibuife Reserve

    Egbu Innocent Chinwendu Reserve

    Emeh Tochi Obioma Reserve

    Basheer Muhammad Danbazau Reserve

    Alfa Michael Reserve

    Onucheta Linda Reserve

    Mbah Anulika Catherine Reserve

    Madukairo Uju Lilan Reserve

    Hassana K.emmanuel Reserve

    Adedoyin Adetayo O. Reserve

    Akindiya Mary Funke Reserve

    Emeya Martina Reserve

    Nwineh Barika Glory Reserve

  • NATIONAL REPORT ANNEX

  • 1.1:Backgroundcharacteristicsofparent/guardianrespondentsinNigeriaWeightedpercent Weightednumber

    Age

    15to19 0.5 159

    20to40 56.7 18,017

    41to60 35.5 11,282

    61+ 7.3 2,315

    Sex

    Male 33.8 10,738

    Female 66.2 21,035

    Residence

    Urban 41.4 13,153

    Rural 58.6 18,620

    Region

    NorthCentral 19.4 6,170

    NorthEast 14.4 4,570

    NorthWest 19.0 6,023

    SouthEast 14.1 4,489

    SouthSouth 16.1 5,129

    SouthWest 17.0 5,392

    Total 100.0 31,773

    A1

  • 1.2:Educationalattainmentofparent/guardianrespondents(all)inNigeriaNoSchooling SomePrimary CompletedPrimary SomeSecondary

    CompletedSecondary

    MorethanSecondary DK

    Weightednumber

    Meanyearsschooling

    Age

    15to19 60.8 1.5 7.2 16.6 12.4 1.4 0 108 3.9

    20to40 33.9 4.2 15.7 9.8 22.1 14.2 0.1 18,017 6.5

    41to60 35.8 5.4 18.8 6.1 14.9 18.8 0.2 11,282 6.1

    61+ 60.3 7.5 16.0 1.8 3.8 10.6 0.0 2,315 3.2

    Sex

    Male 36.7 4.8 16.6 6.4 15.9 19.3 0.3 10,710 6.2

    Female 36.5 4.9 16.9 8.7 19.3 13.7 0.0 21,011 6.1

    Residence

    Urban 21.5 4.0 16.6 7.9 25.3 24.6 0.1 13,139 8.1

    Rural 47.3 5.5 16.9 8.0 13.1 9.2 0.1 18,583 4.7

    Region

    NorthCentral 35.5 3.1 15.8 6.3 16.6 22.7 0.1 6,145 6.6

    NorthEast 67.2 4.2 8.3 4.1 7.0 9.2 0.0 4,563 3.0

    NorthWest 70.2 3.4 10.7 3.1 5.7 6.5 0.4 6,021 2.6

    SouthEast 11.9 10.1 23.9 12.7 28.6 12.7 0 4,487 8.1

    SouthSouth 12.1 6.5 22.9 13.9 24.0 20.5 0.2 5,118 8.4

    SouthWest 18.1 3.1 20.2 8.9 28.9 20.7 0.0 5,387 8.3

    NorthCentral

    Kwara 43.6 0.5 20.4 1.5 18.0 15.9 - 952 5.6

    Niger 48.1 2.5 8.8 3.0 16.4 20.9 0.4 721 5.6

    Plateau 34.0 6.4 17.3 11.3 12.8 18.0 0.1 925 6.2

    Benue 31.1 6.9 19.2 12.4 13.0 17.3 0.1 766 6.3

    FederalCapitalTerritory

    15.0 0.4 11.5 7.8 20.2 45.0 - 859 9.7

    Kogi 37.2 2.8 20.7 4.0 22.0 13.4 - 1,060 6.1

    Nasarawa 39.6 2.6 10.4 4.5 12.2 30.6 0.1 862 6.6

    NorthEast

    Adamawa 48.9 4.3 15.8 8.6 12.0 10.3 - 854 4.6

    Bauchi 69.5 5.7 8.7 2.8 4.2 9.1 - 783 2.6

    Borno 86.4 0.5 2.5 0.7 3.2 6.8 - 745 1.5

    Gombe 67.1 2.9 6.1 2.1 5.4 16.4 - 671 3.5

    Taraba 49.4 9.9 12.7 8.2 10.9 8.9 0.1 782 4.3

    Yobe 85.9 1.0 2.6 0.9 5.5 4.1 - 729 1.5

    NorthWest

    Jigawa 66.4 6.2 15.3 4.6 3.3 4.3 - 845 2.5

    Kaduna 40.5 4.3 11.2 6.5 19.8 17.5 0.3 733 6.1

    Kano 68.0 3.4 13.3 2.8 5.4 6.9 0.0 1,378 2.7

    Katsina 80.8 3.4 9.2 1.6 2.8 2.1 - 876 1.4

    Kebbi 81.3 1.8 7.3 1.5 3.5 4.5 - 816 1.7

    Sokoto 81.0 2.5 9.0 2.4 2.4 2.8 - 709 1.5

    Zamfara 73.5 1.6 6.6 2.9 3.9 8.5 3.1 665 2.3

    SouthEast

    Abia 6.6 9.1 21.9 13.8 33.4 15.1 - 862 8.9

    Anambra 4.9 6.3 18.8 13.7 37.7 18.7 - 823 9.6

    Ebonyi 27.1 17.0 28.4 6.2 13.5 7.8 - 787 5.5

    Enugu 19.6 11.4 32.5 7.8 19.2 9.4 - 875 6.6

    Imo 4.6 7.7 19.5 19.5 36.2 12.6 - 1,139 9.2

    SouthSouth

    Delta 16.0 3.5 19.1 14.5 21.9 25.0 - 759 8.5

    AkwaIbom 5.9 8.4 33.7 13.4 21.4 17.2 - 1,004 8.3

    Bayelsa 13.7 6.7 14.6 20.0 26.3 18.0 0.7 749 8.6

    CrossRiver 20.8 9.8 19.6 14.7 19.0 16.0 - 962 7.2

    Edo 10.5 5.5 28.0 12.5 18.7 24.8 - 776 8.5

    Rivers 6.3 4.0 19.8 8.9 37.0 23.5 0.5 868 9.7

    SouthWest

    Ekiti 16.6 2.4 14.8 9.9 24.5 31.7 0.1 956 8.9

    Lagos 7.9 2.2 17.1 6.7 40.4 25.6 - 1,019 9.9

    Ondo 21.2 4.7 17.5 11.8 28.4 16.5 - 836 7.8

    Oyo 25.9 1.6 21.0 8.4 28.3 14.7 0.1 727 7.4

    Ogun 19.2 4.9 31.4 8.4 26.6 9.5 - 966 7.3

    Osun 20.8 2.8 19.1 8.9 24.0 24.4 - 882 8.1

    Total

    Total 36.6 4.8 16.8 7.9 18.1 15.6 0.1 31,722 6.1

    A2

  • 1.2.a:Educationalattainmentofparent/guardianrespondents(male)inNigeriaNoSchooling SomePrimary CompletedPrimary SomeSecondary

    CompletedSecondary

    MorethanSecondary DK

    Weightednumber

    Meanyearsschooling

    Age

    15to19 31.0 4.4 16.9 23.2 24.5 0 0 15 6.4

    20to40 35.2 4.3 14.1 8.4 20.2 17.5 0.4 4,436 6.5

    41to60 34.4 4.7 18.3 5.7 14.5 22.0 0.3 5,063 6.4

    61+ 51.7 7.4 18.9 1.8 5.8 14.4 0.0 1,196 4.1

    Residence

    Urban 19.0 5.1 16.9 5.5 20.7 32.5 0.3 3,296 8.4

    Rural 44.5 4.7 16.5 6.8 13.8 13.4 0.3 7,414 5.2

    Region

    NorthCentral 31.3 3.2 14.4 6.2 17.0 27.7 0.2 2,786 7.2

    NorthEast 59.5 4.1 8.5 4.0 7.8 16.1 0 1,320 4.0

    NorthWest 62.8 3.5 11.7 3.6 7.6 10.0 0.8 2,906 3.4

    SouthEast 10.0 12.3 34.8 6.8 23.8 12.4 0 1,127 7.6

    SouthSouth 8.8 5.6 22.0 12.4 25.6 25.2 0.3 1,788 9.1

    SouthWest 22.2 4.1 17.6 7.2 23.2 25.7 0 784 8.0

    Total 36.7 4.8 16.6 6.4 15.9 19.3 0.3 10,710 6.2

    1.2.b:Educationalattainmentofparent/guardianrespondents(female)inNigeriaNoSchooling SomePrimary CompletedPrimary SomeSecondary

    CompletedSecondary

    MorethanSecondary DK

    Weightednumber

    Meanyearsschooling

    Age

    15to19 65.7 1.1 5.6 15.5 10.4 1.7 0 93 3.4

    20to40 33.5 4.2 16.2 10.3 22.7 13.2 0.0 13,580 6.5

    41to60 36.9 6.0 19.2 6.5 15.1 16.2 0.1 6,218 5.9

    61+ 69.5 7.5 12.9 1.7 1.8 6.6 0 1,120 2.2

    Residence

    Urban 22.3 3.6 16.5 8.7 26.9 22.0 0.0 9,843 8.0

    Rural 49.1 6.0 17.2 8.7 12.6 6.3 0.0 11,168 4.4

    Region

    NorthCentral 38.9 3.0 17.0 6.3 16.3 18.5 0.0 3,359 6.0

    NorthEast 70.4 4.2 8.3 4.1 6.7 6.4 0.0 3,243 2.6

    NorthWest 77.2 3.3 9.8 2.6 3.9 3.2 0.0 3,115 1.8

    SouthEast 12.6 9.3 20.3 14.7 30.3 12.8 0 3,360 8.2

    SouthSouth 13.9 7.0 23.3 14.7 23.1 17.9 0.1 3,331 8.1

    SouthWest 17.4 3.0 20.6 9.2 29.9 19.9 0.0 4,603 8.4

    Total 36.5 4.9 16.9 8.7 19.3 13.7 0.0 21,011 6.1

    A3

  • 2.1:Literacyamongparent/guardianrespondents(all)inNigeria*Couldreadall Couldreadsome Couldnotreadany Weightednumber PercentLiterate

    Age

    15to19 40.5 6.8 52.7 152 47.3

    20to40 36.1 12.7 51.2 15,072 48.8

    41to60 36.4 10.5 53.1 8,827 46.9

    61+ 21.2 6.4 72.4 1,976 27.6

    Sex

    Male 36.6 12.1 51.3 8,230 48.7

    Female 34.4 11.1 54.5 17,797 45.5

    Residence

    Urban 50.8 11.8 37.4 9,665 62.6

    Rural 25.8 11.2 63.0 16,362 37.0

    Region

    NorthCentral 26.6 11.8 61.7 4,675 38.3

    NorthEast 18.9 9.5 71.6 4,098 28.4

    NorthWest 18.3 6.9 74.9 5,355 25.1

    SouthEast 52.5 16.0 31.5 3,766 68.5

    SouthSouth 46.3 17.2 36.6 3,908 63.4

    SouthWest 55.7 9.4 34.9 4,225 65.1

    NorthCentral

    Niger 19.8 14.7 65.5 567 34.5

    Benue 19.1 7.5 73.4 629 26.6

    FederalCapitalTerritory 40.4 19.0 40.6 457 59.4

    Kogi 31.1 6.1 62.9 920 37.1

    Kwara 28.6 7.6 63.7 803 36.3

    Nasarawa 21.9 13.7 64.5 596 35.5

    Plateau 25.6 19.0 55.5 703 44.5

    NorthEast

    Adamawa 28.9 11.3 59.8 760 40.2

    Bauchi 22.4 9.2 68.5 706 31.5

    Borno 7.1 8.6 84.3 693 15.7

    Gombe 19.0 6.2 74.8 530 25.2

    Taraba 19.2 11.9 68.9 711 31.1

    Yobe 15.6 9.1 75.3 699 24.7

    NorthWest

    Jigawa 11.3 7.9 80.8 809 19.2

    Kaduna 46.9 4.7 48.4 605 51.6

    Kano 19.4 3.7 76.9 1,264 23.1

    Katsina 11.5 4.8 83.7 854 16.3

    Kebbi 8.7 11.7 79.6 702 20.4

    Sokoto 20.3 13.3 66.3 649 33.7

    Zamfara 14.2 3.9 81.9 473 18.1

    SouthEast

    Abia 54.6 16.5 28.9 724 71.1

    Anambra 69.0 10.9 20.1 655 79.9

    Ebonyi 35.8 16.6 47.6 719 52.4

    Enugu 51.2 8.4 40.4 712 59.6

    Imo 53.1 24.2 22.7 957 77.3

    SouthSouth

    AkwaIbom 54.4 15.0 30.6 826 69.4

    Bayelsa 44.5 14.2 41.3 556 58.7

    CrossRiver 25.0 19.6 55.4 751 44.6

    Delta 55.2 16.8 28.0 550 72.0

    Edo 30.3 24.1 45.6 569 54.4

    Rivers 68.2 13.9 17.9 657 82.1

    SouthWest

    Lagos 71.2 14.4 14.4 752 85.6

    Ondo 45.8 6.4 47.8 681 52.2

    Oyo 54.4 9.1 36.6 618 63.4

    Ekiti 51.2 8.3 40.5 643 59.5

    Ogun 58.0 10.6 31.4 864 68.6

    Osun 51.3 6.4 42.2 666 57.8

    Total

    Total 35.1 11.4 53.5 26,027 46.5

    *Abletoreadoneormorewordsatpre-schoollevelinEnglishoroneofHausa,Yoruba,IgboorArabic.

    A4

  • 2.1.a:Literacyamongparent/guardianrespondents(male)inNigeriaCouldreadall Couldreadsome Couldnotreadany Weightednumber PercentLiterate

    Age

    15to19 64.8 9.0 26.2 41 73.8

    20to40 35.9 14.4 49.8 3,476 50.2

    41to60 39.2 11.2 49.6 3,738 50.4

    61+ 27.8 8.2 64.0 975 36.0

    Residence

    Urban 55.2 12.2 32.6 2,119 67.4

    Rural 30.1 12.1 57.8 6,110 42.2

    Region

    NorthCentral 29.1 14.2 56.7 1,993 43.3

    NorthEast 25.5 12.3 62.2 1,079 37.8

    NorthWest 26.8 9.4 63.8 2,402 36.2

    SouthEast 61.2 13.9 24.9 915 75.1

    SouthSouth 52.1 15.3 32.6 1,259 67.4

    SouthWest 50.5 6.8 42.7 582 57.3

    Total 36.6 12.1 51.3 8,230 48.7

    2.1.b:Literacyamongparent/guardianrespondents(female)inNigeriaCouldreadall Couldreadsome Couldnotreadany Weightednumber PercentLiterate

    Age

    15to19 31.4 6.0 62.5 111 37.5

    20to40 36.2 12.2 51.6 11,595 48.4

    41to60 34.3 10.0 55.7 5,089 44.3

    61+ 14.9 4.6 80.5 1,002 19.5

    Residence

    Urban 49.6 11.7 38.7 7,546 61.3

    Rural 23.2 10.7 66.1 10,251 33.9

    Region

    NorthCentral 24.7 9.9 65.4 2,682 34.6

    NorthEast 16.5 8.6 74.9 3,019 25.1

    NorthWest 11.3 4.8 83.9 2,953 16.1

    SouthEast 49.7 16.6 33.7 2,851 66.3

    SouthSouth 43.5 18.1 38.4 2,649 61.6

    SouthWest 56.6 9.8 33.6 3,643 66.4

    Total 34.4 11.1 54.5 17,797 45.5

    2.2:EnglishLiteracyamongparent/guardianrespondents(all)inNigeriaRefused Couldreadall Couldreadsome Couldnotreadany Weightednumber PercentLiterateEnglish

    Age

    15to19 3.7 36.5 1.8 58.1 158 39.7

    20to40 1.4 26.6 4.5 67.5 15,258 31.5

    41to60 1.9 26.9 4.2 67.0 8,983 31.7

    61+ 2.7 14.9 2.1 80.3 2,032 17.5

    Sex

    Male 2.0 25.6 4.6 67.8 8,386 30.8

    Female 1.5 25.9 4.1 68.5 18,044 30.5

    Residence

    Urban 1.8 38.7 5.5 54.0 9,823 45.0

    Rural 1.6 18.3 3.5 76.7 16,607 22.1

    Region

    NorthCentral 1.9 20.1 4.1 73.9 4,758 24.6

    NorthEast 1.1 8.2 3.3 87.4 4,137 11.7

    NorthWest 0.9 6.4 2.6 90.1 5,400 9.1

    SouthEast 2.5 46.7 4.6 46.1 3,856 52.7

    SouthSouth 2.9 43.8 5.4 47.8 4,021 50.7

    SouthWest 1.0 38.1 5.9 55.0 4,258 44.5

    Total 1.7 25.8 4.2 68.3 26,430 30.6

    A5

  • 2.2.a:EnglishLiteracyamongparent/guardianrespondents(male)inNigeriaRefused Couldreadall Couldreadsome Couldnotreadany Weightednumber PercentLiterateEnglish

    Age

    15to19 4.0 58.1 2.9 35.1 43 63.5

    20to40 1.6 23.1 5.4 69.9 3,528 29.0

    41to60 2.2 28.8 4.4 64.6 3,812 34.0

    61+ 2.8 20.9 2.1 74.2 1,003 23.7

    Residence

    Urban 2.3 43.5 5.3 48.9 2,167 50.0

    Rural 1.9 19.4 4.3 74.4 6,218 24.1

    Region

    NorthCentral 1.0 22.3 5.0 71.6 2,013 27.6

    NorthEast 2.7 9.8 3.9 83.6 1,106 14.1

    NorthWest 0.7 8.7 4.4 86.2 2,415 13.2

    SouthEast 4.4 56.6 3.5 35.4 958 62.9

    SouthSouth 4.1 48.0 5.9 42.1 1,310 56.1

    SouthWest 0.8 35.7 3.8 59.7 584 39.8

    Total 2.0 25.6 4.6 67.8 8,386 30.8

    2.2.b:EnglishLiteracyamongparent/guardianrespondents(female)inNigeriaRefused Couldreadall Couldreadsome Couldnotreadany Weightednumber PercentLiterateEnglish

    Age

    15to19 3.5 28.5 1.4 66.6 115 30.9

    20to40 1.3 27.6 4.3 66.8 11,730 32.3

    41to60 1.7 25.5 4.0 68.7 5,171 30.1

    61+ 2.7 9.0 2.1 86.2 1,029 11.5

    Residence

    Urban 1.6 37.3 5.6 55.5 7,656 43.6

    Rural 1.4 17.6 3.0 78.0 10,388 20.8

    Region

    NorthCentral 2.6 18.4 3.4 75.6 2,745 22.4

    NorthEast 0.5 7.6 3.1 88.8 3,031 10.8

    NorthWest 1.0 4.5 1.1 93.3 2,985 5.7

    SouthEast 1.9 43.5 5.0 49.7 2,898 49.4

    SouthSouth 2.4 41.8 5.2 50.6 2,712 48.2

    SouthWest 1.1 38.5 6.2 54.2 3,674 45.2

    Total 1.5 25.9 4.1 68.5 18,044 30.5

    2.3:LocalLanguageLiteracyamongparent/guardianrespondents(all)inNigeriaRefused Couldreadall Couldreadsome Couldnotreadany Weightednumber PercentLiterateNative

    Age

    15to19 0.7 25.9 4.5 68.9 90 30.6

    20to40 0.5 27.6 6.0 65.9 10,864 33.7

    41to60 0.4 32.2 5.6 61.8 6,299 37.9

    61+ 0.3 19.2 3.0 77.5 1,419 22.2

    Sex

    Male 0.5 29.4 7.0 63.1 5,821 36.5

    Female 0.5 28.1 5.0 66.5 12,850 33.2

    Residence

    Urban 0.5 42.7 6.0 50.8 7,550 49.0

    Rural 0.5 18.8 5.3 75.4 11,121 24.3

    Region

    NorthCentral 0.8 21.6 6.4 71.2 2,337 28.2

    NorthEast 0.5 16.0 5.5 78.1 3,747 21.6

    NorthWest 0.1 15.7 4.5 79.6 5,152 20.2

    SouthEast 0.7 37.9 5.3 56.2 3,673 43.5

    SouthSouth 2.0 36.0 6.4 55.6 186 43.2

    SouthWest 0.4 54.4 7.1 38.0 3,576 61.9

    Total 0.5 28.5 5.6 65.4 18,671 34.3

    A6

  • 2.3.a:LocalLanguageLiteracyamongparent/guardianrespondents(male)inNigeriaRefused Couldreadall Couldreadsome Couldnotreadany Weightednumber PercentLiterateNative

    Age

    15to19 0 55.5 9.2 35.3 19 64.7

    20to40 0.6 27.6 7.9 64.0 2,433 35.7

    41to60 0.5 32.4 6.9 60.2 2,667 39.5

    61+ 0.5 23.6 3.9 72.0 702 27.7

    Residence

    Urban 0.6 46.4 6.4 46.6 1,646 53.1

    Rural 0.5 22.7 7.2 69.6 4,175 30.0

    Region

    NorthCentral 0.6 22.8 6.0 70.6 1,091 28.9

    NorthEast 1.5 20.9 7.1 70.6 1,009 28.4

    NorthWest 0.1 23.6 7.8 68.4 2,322 31.5

    SouthEast 0.5 49.0 6.3 44.2 886 55.6

    SouthSouth 0 50.3 6.6 43.2 57 56.8

    SouthWest 0.3 53.0 5.8 40.9 456 59.0

    Total 0.5 29.4 7.0 63.1 5,821 36.5

    2.3.b:LocalLanguageLiteracyamongparent/guardianrespondents(female)inNigeriaRefused Couldreadall Couldreadsome Couldnotreadany Weightednumber PercentLiterateNative

    Age

    15to19 0.9 18.2 3.2 77.7 72 21.6

    20to40 0.5 27.6 5.4 66.5 8,430 33.2

    41to60 0.3 32.0 4.7 63.0 3,632 36.8

    61+ 0.2 14.8 2.1 83.0 716 16.9

    Residence

    Urban 0.5 41.7 5.9 51.9 5,905 47.8

    Rural 0.5 16.5 4.2 78.8 6,945 20.8

    Region

    NorthCentral 1.0 20.6 6.7 71.7 1,246 27.6

    NorthEast 0.2 14.1 4.9 80.8 2,738 19.1

    NorthWest 0.2 9.2 1.8 88.8 2,830 11.0

    SouthEast 0.7 34.4 5.0 60.0 2,787 39.6

    SouthSouth 2.9 29.7 6.3 61.2 129 37.0

    SouthWest 0.5 54.7 7.3 37.5 3,120 62.3

    Total 0.5 28.1 5.0 66.5 12,850 33.2

    2.4:Comprehensionamongparent/guardianrespondents(all)inNigeriaWeightednumber PercentComprehends

    Age

    15to19 149 37.8

    20to40 14,783 35.0

    41to60 8,756 35.6

    61+ 1,962 21.0

    Sex

    Male 8,126 37.0

    Female 17,524 32.8

    Residence

    Urban 9,500 48.4

    Rural 16,150 25.7

    Region

    NorthCentral 4,630 26.0

    NorthEast 4,046 18.4

    NorthWest 5,283 19.3

    SouthEast 3,690 52.9

    SouthSouth 3,858 47.9

    SouthWest 4,142 48.0

    Total 25,650 34.1

    A7

  • 2.4.a:Comprehensionamongparent/guardianrespondents(male)inNigeriaWeightednumber PercentComprehends

    Age

    15to19 41 64.4

    20to40 3,417 36.9

    41to60 3,702 39.2

    61+ 966 28.1

    Residence

    Urban 2,096 55.0

    Rural 6,030 30.8

    Region

    NorthCentral 1,976 30.3

    NorthEast 1,065 24.9

    NorthWest 2,366 28.9

    SouthEast 900 61.9

    SouthSouth 1,245 52.6

    SouthWest 575 43.8

    Total 8,126 37.0

    2.4.b:Comprehensionamongparent/guardianrespondents(female)inNigeriaWeightednumber PercentComprehends

    Age

    15to19 108 27.7

    20to40 11,365 34.4

    41to60 5,054 32.9

    61+ 996 14.2

    Residence

    Urban 7,404 46.6

    Rural 10,120 22.7

    Region

    NorthCentral 2,654 22.8

    NorthEast 2,981 16.1

    NorthWest 2,916 11.5

    SouthEast 2,791 50.0

    SouthSouth 2,613 45.7

    SouthWest 3,568 48.7

    Total 17,524 32.8

    3.0:Backgroundcharacteristicsofchildreninthe2015NEDSinNigeriaWeightedpercent Weightednumber

    UBEAge

    5 13.3 10,721

    6to11 53.6 43,176

    12to14 20.9 16,840

    15to16 12.3 9,876

    Sex

    Male 52.2 42,098

    Female 47.8 38,514

    ChildDisability

    1orMoreDisabilities 0.7 559

    NoDisabilities 99.3 80,053

    Residence

    Urban 41.6 33,571

    Rural 58.4 47,041

    Region

    NorthCentral 14.9 12,019

    NorthEast 14.2 11,454

    NorthWest 27.0 21,737

    SouthEast 11.3 9,145

    SouthSouth 14.6 11,731

    SouthWest 18.0 14,526

    Total 100.0 80,612

    A8

  • 3.1:Literacyamongchildren(all)inNigeriaCouldreadall Couldreadsome Couldnotreadany PercentLiterate NumberofChildren

    UBEAge

    5 4.7 8.4 87.0 13.0 9,600

    6to11 23.2 17.9 58.9 41.1 42,615

    12to14 53.8 16.5 29.7 70.3 16,623

    15to16 66.1 12.2 21.7 78.3 9,722

    Residence

    Urban 49.9 17.8 32.3 67.7 32,734

    Rural 20.5 14.3 65.2 34.8 45,824

    Region

    NorthCentral 25.9 17.8 56.3 43.7 11,688

    NorthEast 15.8 11.8 72.4 27.6 11,154

    NorthWest 16.9 10.6 72.5 27.5 20,947

    SouthEast 40.8 19.9 39.3 60.7 8,980

    SouthSouth 50.2 21.3 28.5 71.5 11,509

    SouthWest 55.7 17.6 26.7 73.3 14,280

    NorthCentral

    Benue 20.1 18.1 61.8 38.2 2,513

    FederalCapitalTerritory 60.1 18.4 21.5 78.5 666

    Kogi 37.5 14.1 48.4 51.6 1,933

    Kwara 34.5 21.5 44.1 55.9 1,353

    Nasarawa 21.2 17.0 61.9 38.1 1,078

    Niger 15.8 20.5 63.7 36.3 2,340

    Plateau 18.2 15.3 66.5 33.5 1,804

    NorthEast

    Adamawa 25.2 10.9 63.8 36.2 1,790

    Bauchi 12.4 11.1 76.5 23.5 2,830

    Borno 12.6 14.4 72.9 27.1 2,384

    Gombe 21.2 12.8 66.0 34.0 1,392

    Taraba 9.7 10.1 80.3 19.7 1,346

    Yobe 16.8 10.7 72.5 27.5 1,412

    NorthWest

    Jigawa 9.7 7.3 83.0 17.0 2,545

    Kaduna 33.4 10.8 55.8 44.2 3,313

    Kano 18.9 9.7 71.5 28.5 5,654

    Katsina 13.3 9.8 76.9 23.1 3,478

    Kebbi 14.5 17.1 68.4 31.6 1,980

    Sokoto 6.8 14.9 78.2 21.8 2,221

    Zamfara 12.2 6.5 81.3 18.7 1,756

    SouthEast

    Abia 39.1 25.4 35.5 64.5 1,560

    Anambra 54.9 16.5 28.6 71.4 2,301

    Ebonyi 26.2 22.2 51.7 48.3 1,282

    Enugu 41.8 14.7 43.5 56.5 1,733

    Imo 34.6 22.4 42.9 57.1 2,105

    SouthSouth

    AkwaIbom 47.6 19.2 33.2 66.8 2,200

    Bayelsa 42.5 16.6 40.9 59.1 894

    CrossRiver 26.0 24.1 49.9 50.1 1,605

    Delta 57.3 18.1 24.6 75.4 2,284

    Edo 49.4 26.3 24.4 75.6 1,731

    Rivers 63.2 22.6 14.2 85.8 2,793

    SouthWest

    Lagos 70.7 18.3 11.0 89.0 3,999

    Ekiti 56.7 16.7 26.6 73.4 1,372

    Ogun 54.6 19.4 26.1 73.9 1,982

    Ondo 44.5 15.6 39.8 60.2 1,883

    Osun 57.5 15.3 27.1 72.9 1,927

    Oyo 42.3 18.6 39.1 60.9 3,117

    Total

    Total 32.7 15.7 51.5 48.5 78,558

    Couldreadall Couldreadsome Couldnotreadany PercentLiterate NumberofChildren

    Education

    NoSchooling 4.3 5.4 90.3 9.7 19,449

    Pre-primary 7.1 15.8 77.1 22.9 6,601

    Primary 30.9 23.0 46.0 54.0 37,021

    SecondaryandHigher 82.6 11.2 6.1 93.9 15,700

    Total 32.7 15.7 51.6 48.4 78,771

    A9

  • Couldreadall Couldreadsome Couldnotreadany PercentLiterate NumberofChildren

    Economicstatusquintile*

    Lowest 5.9 7.8 86.3 13.7 17,273

    Second 17.9 14.4 67.7 32.3 14,966

    Middle 31.6 20.5 47.9 52.1 14,599

    Fourth 46.0 19.8 34.2 65.8 14,750

    Highest 65.3 17.0 17.7 82.3 15,473

    Total 32.7 15.6 51.7 48.3 77,060

    Couldreadall Couldreadsome Couldnotreadany PercentLiterate NumberofChildren

    Gov/Private

    Government 38.3 18.4 43.3 56.7 37,814

    Private 48.3 20.3 31.4 68.6 21,645

    Total 41.9 19.1 39.0 61.0 59,459

    Couldreadall Couldreadsome Couldnotreadany PercentLiterate NumberofChildren

    UBEAge

    4to5 4.7 8.4 87.0 13.0 9,600

    6to11 23.2 17.9 58.9 41.1 42,615

    12to14 53.8 16.5 29.7 70.3 16,623

    15to16 66.1 12.2 21.7 78.3 9,722

    Total 32.7 15.7 51.5 48.5 78,558

    3.1.a:Literacyamongchildren(male)inNigeriaCouldreadall Couldreadsome Couldnotreadany PercentLiterate NumberofChildren

    UBEAge

    5 4.5 7.4 88.0 12.0 4,971

    6to11 22.8 17.9 59.3 40.7 22,195

    12to14 53.7 17.4 28.9 71.1 8,549

    15to16 64.2 12.9 22.9 77.1 5,265

    Residence

    Urban 49.1 17.6 33.3 66.7 16,700

    Rural 20.8 14.7 64.4 35.6 24,279

    Region

    NorthCentral 26.4 18.3 55.3 44.7 6,018

    NorthEast 16.3 12.1 71.6 28.4 5,934

    NorthWest 18.3 10.8 70.9 29.1 11,129

    SouthEast 38.2 20.3 41.5 58.5 4,625

    SouthSouth 48.4 21.8 29.8 70.2 5,998

    SouthWest 54.8 17.1 28.1 71.9 7,274

    Total 32.3 15.9 51.8 48.2 40,979

    Couldreadall Couldreadsome Couldnotreadany PercentLiterate NumberofChildren

    Education

    NoSchooling 4.8 5.8 89.5 10.5 9,891

    Pre-primary 7.2 14.7 78.1 21.9 3,475

    Primary 30.4 22.8 46.8 53.2 19,668

    SecondaryandHigher 81.4 11.9 6.7 93.3 8,059

    Total 32.3 15.9 51.8 48.2 41,092

    Couldreadall Couldreadsome Couldnotreadany PercentLiterate NumberofChildren

    Economicstatusquintile*

    Lowest 6.7 8.4 84.9 15.1 9,116

    Second 19.0 14.5 66.5 33.5 7,991

    Middle 31.9 20.5 47.6 52.4 7,742

    Fourth 45.5 19.4 35.1 64.9 7,570

    Highest 63.9 17.3 18.7 81.3 7,766

    Total 32.4 15.7 51.9 48.1 40,185

    Couldreadall Couldreadsome Couldnotreadany PercentLiterate NumberofChildren

    Gov/Private

    Government 37.4 18.4 44.2 55.8 20,197

    Private 47.5 20.3 32.2 67.8 11,069

    Total 41.0 19.1 40.0 60.0 31,265

    A10

  • 3.1.b:Literacyamongchildren(female)inNigeriaCouldreadall Couldreadsome Couldnotreadany PercentLiterate NumberofChildren

    UBEAge

    5 4.8 9.4 85.8 14.2 4,629

    6to11 23.7 17.9 58.4 41.6 20,420

    12to14 53.9 15.6 30.6 69.4 8,074

    15to16 68.2 11.5 20.3 79.7 4,457

    Residence

    Urban 50.7 18.0 31.3 68.7 16,035

    Rural 20.1 13.8 66.1 33.9 21,545

    Region

    NorthCentral 25.3 17.2 57.5 42.5 5,670

    NorthEast 15.3 11.5 73.2 26.8 5,220

    NorthWest 15.3 10.3 74.4 25.6 9,818

    SouthEast 43.5 19.4 37.1 62.9 4,355

    SouthSouth 52.1 20.8 27.0 73.0 5,510

    SouthWest 56.6 18.1 25.3 74.7 7,006

    Total 33.2 15.6 51.3 48.7 37,580

    Couldreadall Couldreadsome Couldnotreadany PercentLiterate NumberofChildren

    Education

    NoSchooling 3.7 5.1 91.2 8.8 9,558

    Pre-primary 7.0 17.0 75.9 24.1 3,127

    Primary 31.5 23.3 45.2 54.8 17,353

    SecondaryandHigher 84.0 10.5 5.5 94.5 7,641

    Total 33.1 15.6 51.3 48.7 37,679

    Couldreadall Couldreadsome Couldnotreadany PercentLiterate NumberofChildren

    Economicstatusquintile*

    Lowest 5.0 7.1 87.9 12.1 8,157

    Second 16.5 14.4 69.1 30.9 6,975

    Middle 31.3 20.6 48.1 51.9 6,856

    Fourth 46.6 20.2 33.3 66.7 7,180

    Highest 66.8 16.6 16.6 83.4 7,707

    Total 33.1 15.5 51.4 48.6 36,875

    Couldreadall Couldreadsome Couldnotreadany PercentLiterate NumberofChildren

    Gov/Private

    Government 39.3 18.4 42.3 57.7 17,617

    Private 49.2 20.3 30.5 69.5 10,576

    Total 43.0 19.1 37.9 62.1 28,194

    3.2:LiteracybyClassinNigeriaCouldreadall Couldreadsome Couldnotreadany PercentLiterate NumberofChildren

    Grade

    NoSchooling 1.8 4.4 93.8 6.2 17,621

    Pre-primary 7.1 15.8 77.1 22.9 6,679

    Primary1 10.9 16.7 72.4 27.6 8,135

    Primary2 18.2 22.5 59.2 40.8 7,937

    Primary3 29.0 25.4 45.6 54.4 6,970

    Primary4 39.8 25.8 34.3 65.7 5,800

    Primary5 49.1 25.4 25.5 74.5 4,687

    Primary6 56.2 23.4 20.4 79.6 4,773

    JSS1 74.7 15.9 9.5 90.5 3,861

    JSS2 78.9 13.4 7.6 92.4 3,807

    JSS3 83.6 10.6 5.8 94.2 3,398

    Total 32.7 15.7 51.6 48.4 78,744

    Public

    Private

    A11

  • 3.4:Comprehensionamongchildren(all)inNigeriaWeightednumber PercentComprehends

    UBEAge

    5 9,600 4.2

    6to11 42,615 22.5

    12to14 16,623 53.8

    15to16 9,722 65.8

    Sex

    Male 40,979 31.9

    Female 37,580 32.6

    Residence

    Urban 32,734 48.9

    Rural 45,824 20.4

    Region

    NorthCentral 11,688 25.4

    NorthEast 11,154 17.0

    NorthWest 20,947 18.1

    SouthEast 8,980 38.2

    SouthSouth 11,509 49.0

    SouthWest 14,280 53.3

    NorthCentral

    Benue 2,513 20.6

    FederalCapitalTerritory 666 54.4

    Kogi 1,933 33.1

    Kwara 1,353 33.5

    Nasarawa 1,078 22.1

    Niger 2,340 16.8

    Plateau 1,804 20.2

    NorthEast

    Adamawa 1,790 23.9

    Bauchi 2,830 13.3

    Borno 2,384 15.8

    Gombe 1,392 24.8

    Taraba 1,346 11.4

    Yobe 1,412 15.3

    NorthWest

    Jigawa 2,545 9.9

    Kaduna 3,313 30.9

    Kano 5,654 21.7

    Katsina 3,478 15.6

    Kebbi 1,980 12.8

    Sokoto 2,221 11.7

    Zamfara 1,756 12.9

    SouthEast

    Abia 1,560 40.6

    Anambra 2,301 47.3

    Ebonyi 1,282 25.0

    Enugu 1,733 36.8

    Imo 2,105 35.8

    SouthSouth

    AkwaIbom 2,200 46.5

    Bayelsa 894 38.8

    CrossRiver 1,605 27.3

    Delta 2,284 54.7

    Edo 1,731 51.4

    Rivers 2,793 60.4

    SouthWest

    Lagos 3,999 71.4

    Ekiti 1,372 54.3

    Ogun 1,982 45.4

    Ondo 1,883 40.5

    Osun 1,927 53.9

    Oyo 3,117 42.2

    Total

    Total 78,558 32.2

    A12

  • 3.4.a:Comprehensionamongchildren(male)inNigeriaWeightednumber PercentComprehends

    UBEAge

    5 4,971 4.1

    6to11 22,195 22.1

    12to14 8,549 54.1

    15to16 5,265 63.9

    Residence

    Urban 16,700 48.1

    Rural 24,279 20.8

    Region

    NorthCentral 6,018 25.7

    NorthEast 5,934 17.5

    NorthWest 11,129 19.7

    SouthEast 4,625 36.1

    SouthSouth 5,998 47.5

    SouthWest 7,274 52.1

    Total 40,979 31.9

    3.4.b:Comprehensionamongchildren(female)inNigeriaWeightednumber PercentComprehends

    UBEAge

    5 4,629 4.3

    6to11 20,420 23.0

    12to14 8,074 53.5

    15to16 4,457 68.1

    Residence

    Urban 16,035 49.7

    Rural 21,545 19.8

    Region

    NorthCentral 5,670 25.1

    NorthEast 5,220 16.5

    NorthWest 9,818 16.2

    SouthEast 4,355 40.5

    SouthSouth 5,510 50.5

    SouthWest 7,006 54.6

    Total 37,580 32.6

    3.5:ComprehensionbyClassinNigeriaWeightednumber PercentComprehends

    Grade

    NoSchooling 17,621 2

    Pre-primary 6,679 6

    Primary1 8,135 10

    Primary2 7,937 17

    Primary3 6,970 29

    Primary4 5,800 40

    Primary5 4,687 49

    Primary6 4,773 56

    JSS1 3,861 74

    JSS2 3,807 79

    JSS3 3,398 84

    Total 78,744 32

    Public

    Private

    A13

  • 3.6:Numeracyamongchildren(all)inNigeriaCouldsolveall Couldsolvesome Couldnotsolveany PercentNumerate NumberofChildren

    UBEAge

    5 7.8 10.3 82.0 18.1 9,543

    6to11 33.4 16.1 50.5 49.5 42,468

    12to14 60.4 13.2 26.4 73.6 16,586

    15to16 69.5 10.1 20.4 79.6 9,696

    Residence

    Urban 59.5 15.9 24.7 75.4 32,673

    Rural 26.9 12.7 60.5 39.6 45,620

    Region

    NorthCentral 35.9 17.7 46.5 53.6 11,679

    NorthEast 17.5 11.1 71.4 28.6 11,053

    NorthWest 16.5 11.2 72.4 27.7 20,883

    SouthEast 57.2 17.2 25.5 74.4 8,961

    SouthSouth 62.4 16.1 21.5 78.5 11,454

    SouthWest 69.1 13.7 17.2 82.8 14,264

    NorthCentral

    Benue 31.9 14.8 53.3 46.7 2,512

    FederalCapitalTerritory 67.2 15.7 17.1 82.9 668

    Kogi 43.3 16.2 40.5 59.5 1,925

    Kwara 57.0 20.3 22.6 77.3 1,353

    Nasarawa 32.2 23.8 44.0 56 1,078

    Niger 25.8 15.6 58.6 41.4 2,342

    Plateau 21.4 20.9 57.8 42.3 1,800

    NorthEast

    Adamawa 37.6 11.7 50.7 49.3 1,787

    Bauchi 13.1 10.0 76.9 23.1 2,826

    Borno 11.9 12.7 75.4 24.6 2,340

    Gombe 19.1 13.8 67.1 32.9 1,343

    Taraba 11.6 14.4 74.0 26 1,345

    Yobe 14.1 4.1 81.9 18.2 1,412

    NorthWest

    Jigawa 7.2 7.7 85.1 14.9 2,546

    Kaduna 35.5 12.4 52.0 47.9 3,303

    Kano 19.0 16.3 64.7 35.3 5,631

    Katsina 14.5 9.7 75.8 24.2 3,471

    Kebbi 11.3 8.9 79.8 20.2 1,969

    Sokoto 4.7 5.9 89.4 10.6 2,208

    Zamfara 10.4 9.7 80.0 20.1 1,755

    SouthEast

    Abia 52.5 22.8 24.7 75.3 1,560

    Anambra 62.8 15.1 22.1 77.9 2,291

    Ebonyi 47.9 23.5 28.7 71.4 1,282

    Enugu 59.5 13.7 26.8 73.2 1,726

    Imo 58.6 14.5 26.9 73.1 2,102

    SouthSouth

    AkwaIbom 69.3 11.9 18.9 81.2 2,194

    Bayelsa 54.1 19.6 26.3 73.7 883

    CrossRiver 29.5 19.6 50.9 49.1 1,572

    Delta 67.2 16.4 16.4 83.6 2,280

    Edo 68.8 14.5 16.7 83.3 1,731

    Rivers 70.1 17.1 12.8 87.2 2,794

    SouthWest

    Lagos 83.2 11.1 5.8 94.3 3,999

    Ekiti 69.5 14.3 16.2 83.8 1,367

    Ogun 58.5 20.1 21.4 78.6 1,979

    Ondo 64.7 14.7 20.5 79.4 1,875

    Osun 70.4 13.6 16.0 84 1,926

    Oyo 59.5 12.1 28.4 71.6 3,117

    Total

    Total 40.5 14.0 45.5 54.5 78,293

    A14

  • Couldsolveall Couldsolvesome Couldnotsolveany PercentNumerate NumberofChildren

    Economicstatusquintile*

    Lowest 7.6 6.2 86.2 13.8 17,187

    Second 24.0 14.4 61.5 38.4 14,888

    Middle 41.2 20.0 38.8 61.2 14,541

    Fourth 57.5 17.6 24.9 75.1 14,722

    Highest 74.1 13.1 12.8 87.2 15,458

    Total 40.1 14.0 45.9 54.1 76,795

    Couldsolveall Couldsolvesome Couldnotsolveany PercentNumerate NumberofChildren

    Education

    NoSchooling 4.2 3.4 92.4 7.6 19,310

    Pre-primary 14.2 19.6 66.2 33.8 6,572

    Primary 44.8 20.5 34.7 65.3 36,948

    SecondaryandHigher 85.6 9.4 5.0 95 15,676

    Total 40.4 14.0 45.6 54.4 78,505

    Couldsolveall Couldsolvesome Couldnotsolveany PercentNumerate NumberofChildren

    Gov/Private

    Government 47.8 17.8 34.4 65.6 37,724

    Private 59.8 16.8 23.4 76.6 21,607

    Total 52.2 17.4 30.4 69.6 59,331

    Couldsolveall Couldsolvesome Couldnotsolveany PercentNumerate NumberofChildren

    UBEAge

    4to5 7.8 10.4 81.8 18.2 9,328

    6to11 33.1 16.0 50.8 49.1 41,621

    12to14 60.1 13.1 26.8 73.2 16,209

    15to16 69.2 10.0 20.7 79.2 9,424

    Total 40.2 14.0 45.8 54.2 76,583

    3.6.a:Numeracyamongchildren(male)inNigeriaCouldsolveall Couldsolvesome Couldnotsolveany PercentNumerate NumberofChildren

    UBEAge

    5 7.5 9.4 83.1 16.9 4,940

    6to11 32.9 16.5 50.5 49.4 22,093

    12to14 60.6 14.0 25.4 74.6 8,532

    15to16 67.5 10.5 22.0 78 5,249

    Residence

    Urban 58.6 16.5 25.0 75.1 16,661

    Rural 27.3 12.9 59.7 40.2 24,152

    Region

    NorthCentral 36.6 18.0 45.4 54.6 6,009

    NorthEast 17.5 11.6 70.9 29.1 5,880

    NorthWest 17.6 11.8 70.7 29.4 11,090

    SouthEast 55.5 18.1 26.4 73.6 4,612

    SouthSouth 61.2 16.4 22.5 77.6 5,962

    SouthWest 68.5 13.6 17.8 82.1 7,259

    Total 40.1 14.4 45.5 54.5 40,813

    Couldsolveall Couldsolvesome Couldnotsolveany PercentNumerate NumberofChildren

    Education

    NoSchooling 4.3 3.6 92.1 7.9 9,810

    Pre-primary 14.3 18.7 67.0 33 3,460

    Primary 43.9 20.9 35.2 64.8 19,615

    SecondaryandHigher 84.9 9.7 5.4 94.6 8,042

    Total 40.0 14.4 45.7 54.4 40,927

    Couldsolveall Couldsolvesome Couldnotsolveany PercentNumerate NumberofChildren

    Economicstatusquintile*

    Lowest 7.9 6.5 85.6 14.4 9,059

    Second 25.4 14.9 59.7 40.3 7,945

    Middle 42.0 19.9 38.1 61.9 7,707

    Fourth 56.8 18.0 25.1 74.8 7,552

    Highest 72.4 13.8 13.8 86.2 7,757

    Total 39.7 14.3 46.0 54 40,020

    A15

  • Couldsolveall Couldsolvesome Couldnotsolveany PercentNumerate NumberofChildren

    Gov/Private

    Government 47.2 17.9 34.9 65.1 20,141

    Private 58.6 17.5 24.0 76.1 11,040

    Total 51.2 17.7 31.0 68.9 31,181

    3.6.b:Numeracyamongchildren(female)inNigeriaCouldsolveall Couldsolvesome Couldnotsolveany PercentNumerate NumberofChildren

    UBEAge

    5 8.1 11.2 80.7 19.3 4,603

    6to11 33.9 15.5 50.5 49.4 20,375

    12to14 60.2 12.3 27.5 72.5 8,054

    15to16 71.9 9.6 18.5 81.5 4,447

    Residence

    Urban 60.4 15.3 24.3 75.7 16,011

    Rural 26.4 12.4 61.3 38.8 21,468

    Region

    NorthCentral 35.1 17.3 47.6 52.4 5,669

    NorthEast 17.4 10.5 72.0 27.9 5,173

    NorthWest 15.2 10.5 74.3 25.7 9,792

    SouthEast 59.1 16.3 24.6 75.4 4,349

    SouthSouth 63.7 15.8 20.5 79.5 5,491

    SouthWest 69.8 13.7 16.5 83.5 7,004

    Total 40.9 13.6 45.5 54.5 37,479

    Couldsolveall Couldsolvesome Couldnotsolveany PercentNumerate NumberofChildren

    Education

    NoSchooling 4.0 3.2 92.8 7.2 9,500

    Pre-primary 14.1 20.5 65.4 34.6 3,112

    Primary 45.7 20.0 34.2 65.7 17,333

    SecondaryandHigher 86.3 9.1 4.6 95.4 7,635

    Total 40.8 13.6 45.6 54.4 37,579

    Couldsolveall Couldsolvesome Couldnotsolveany PercentNumerate NumberofChildren

    Economicstatusquintile*

    Lowest 7.2 5.9 86.9 13.1 8,128

    Second 22.5 13.9 63.6 36.4 6,943

    Middle 40.4 20.0 39.6 60.4 6,834

    Fourth 58.2 17.1 24.7 75.3 7,170

    Highest 75.7 12.4 11.8 88.1 7,700

    Total 40.5 13.6 45.9 54.1 36,775

    Couldsolveall Couldsolvesome Couldnotsolveany PercentNumerate NumberofChildren

    Gov/Private

    Government 48.5 17.7 33.8 66.2 17,583

    Private 61.0 16.2 22.8 77.2 10,567

    Total 53.2 17.1 29.7 70.3 28,150

    3.7:NumeracybyGradeinNigeriaPercentNumerate NumberofChildren

    Grade

    NoSchooling 3.0 17,491

    Pre-primary 33.7 6,649

    Primary1 38.2 8,116

    Primary2 53.7 7,918

    Primary3 68.8 6,954

    Primary4 77.6 5,790

    Primary5 83.0 4,679

    Primary6 86.3 4,765

    JSS1 92.9 3,858

    JSS2 93.8 3,799

    JSS3 95.1 3,397

    Total 54.4 78,479

    A16

  • Public

    Private

    3.8:AdvancedNumeracybyGradeinNigeriaPercentAdvancedNumerate NumberofChildren

    Grade

    NoSchooling 1.3 17,489

    Pre-primary 15.7 6,647

    Primary1 21.9 8,109

    Primary2 34.8 7,905

    Primary3 49.4 6,942

    Primary4 60.8 5,780

    Primary5 67.3 4,669

    Primary6 73.1 4,758

    JSS1 84.4 3,857

    JSS2 87.3 3,798

    JSS3 90.1 3,393

    Total 43.1 78,410

    A17

  • 4.1:NetAttendanceratioandGrossAttendanceratiobyBackgroundCharacteristics-PrimarySchoolinNigeria

    NARMale NARFemale NARTotal GARMale GARFemale GARTotal GPI

    Residence

    Urban 80.9 79.9 80.4 102 99.8 100.9 0.98

    Rural 58.9 55.2 57.2 80.4 75.5 78.1 0.94

    Region

    NorthCentral 74.2 72.6 73.4 102.8 100.9 101.9 0.98

    NorthEast 44.1 41.2 42.8 61.4 59.1 60.3 0.96

    NorthWest 53.5 47.1 50.4 74 64 69.2 0.86

    SouthEast 85.2 86 85.6 106.7 109.2 107.9 1.02

    SouthSouth 82.1 83.2 82.6 104.9 104.5 104.7 1

    SouthWest 82.8 81.8 82.3 101.8 99.2 100.6 0.97

    EconomicStatusQuintile

    Lowest 36.1 32.5 34.3 52.3 47 49.7 0.9

    Second 64.1 58 61.2 89.9 82.5 86.4 0.92

    Middle 78.7 76.8 77.8 106 104 105.1 0.98

    Fourth 83 82.2 82.6 106.9 103.6 105.3 0.97

    Highest 83.9 84.8 84.3 98 100 99 1.02

    NorthCentral

    Benue 71.1 69.9 70.5 112.6 106.3 109.5 0.94

    FederalCapitalTerritory

    87.1 84.3 85.5 107.4 101.9 104.1 0.95

    Kogi 85.9 82.6 84.4 113.9 110.2 112.2 0.97

    Kwara 86.8 84.9 86 107.5 106 106.8 0.99

    Nasarawa 72.1 73.5 72.8 110.1 102.3 106.1 0.93

    Niger 63.5 62.5 62.9 87.5 89.3 88.3 1.02

    Plateau 67.4 64.6 66.1 89.4 94.3 91.9 1.05

    NorthEast

    Adamawa 80 78.1 79.2 113.8 114.5 114.3 1.01

    Bauchi 41.5 39.4 40.5 57.1 55.8 56.5 0.98

    Borno 19.3 15.3 17.4 24 21.1 22.6 0.88

    Gombe 55 43.8 50 74.6 64.1 70 0.86

    Taraba 63.7 63.8 63.8 96.2 93.7 95.3 0.97

    Yobe 21.7 22 21.7 28.7 26.9 27.8 0.94

    NorthWest

    Jigawa 56.3 50.7 53.6 73.3 69.5 71.5 0.95

    Kaduna 61.1 60.1 60.6 79.7 76.2 77.9 0.96

    Kano 65.9 59.8 63.1 95.5 84.9 90.6 0.89

    Katsina 53.6 48.6 51.2 73.4 63.9 68.8 0.87

    Kebbi 34.6 26.9 31 49.2 35.9 42.8 0.73

    Sokoto 34.6 27.1 31 51.5 39.3 45.5 0.76

    Zamfara 42.4 27.5 35.2 55.5 38.5 47.3 0.69

    SouthEast

    Abia 84.5 83.7 84.1 100.9 101.1 100.9 1

    Anambra 85.3 88.8 86.9 104.1 109.3 106.6 1.05

    Ebonyi 83.3 83.1 83.1 109.2 118.3 113.2 1.08

    Enugu 85.8 83.4 84.5 109.6 109.2 109.4 1

    Imo 86.6 88.5 87.5 110.5 109.8 110.2 0.99

    SouthSouth

    AkwaIbom 83.7 81.8 82.7 99.8 94.3 97.1 0.94

    Bayelsa 85 81 83.1 112.4 112.8 112.6 1

    CrossRiver 76.9 79 77.7 97.3 102.7 99.9 1.06

    Delta 84.5 86.5 85.4 110.5 113 111.7 1.02

    Edo 82.9 86.6 84.5 105 109.9 107 1.05

    Rivers 80.9 82.8 81.8 106.5 100.4 103.6 0.94

    SouthWest

    Ekiti 93.2 89.6 91.4 112.8 102.7 107.9 0.91

    Lagos 86.1 82.6 84.4 99.7 98.6 99.1 0.99

    Ogun 84.3 80.1 82.2 105.2 97.7 101.5 0.93

    Ondo 85 80.1 82.7 108 100.2 104.3 0.93

    Osun 81.7 88.3 84.8 106.2 110 108.1 1.04

    Oyo 72.4 76 74.1 91.4 93.2 92.3 1.02

    Total

    Total 67.7 65.3 66.6 89 85.4 87.3 0.96

    A18

  • 4.1.a:NetAttendanceratioandGrossAttendanceratiobyBackgroundCharacteristics-Pre-PrimarySchoolinNigeria

    NARMale NARFemale NARTotal GARMale GARFemale GARTotal GPI

    Residence

    Urban 66 64.8 65.4 87.8 83.2 85.6 0.95

    Rural 28.5 28.2 28.4 43.4 43.2 43.3 1

    Region

    NorthCentral 41.4 37.8 39.6 63.4 58.3 60.9 0.92

    NorthEast 15.2 11.3 13.4 22.5 19.7 21.2 0.88

    NorthWest 11.1 11.6 11.3 16.9 16.9 16.9 1

    SouthEast 85.6 81.1 83.4 118.5 107.9 113.2 0.91

    SouthSouth 68.1 69.7 68.9 98.2 96.7 97.6 0.98

    SouthWest 79.7 77.6 78.7 104.2 99.9 102.1 0.96

    EconomicStatusQuintile

    Lowest 6.2 7.4 6.8 12.3 12.3 12.3 1

    Second 23.6 23.4 23.5 39.7 42.2 40.9 1.06

    Middle 49.5 48.5 49 74.4 70.4 72.4 0.95

    Fourth 65.7 66.6 66.1 89.7 89.9 89.8 1

    Highest 83.2 77.5 80.4 104.7 94.6 99.8 0.9

    NorthCentral

    Benue 34 33.3 33.5 57.9 62.4 60 1.08

    FederalCapitalTerritory

    63.6 67.1 65.4 80.3 84.3 83.1 1.05

    Kogi 58.9 53.5 56.1 80.2 68.8 74.9 0.86

    Kwara 78.9 64.9 72 114.7 89.4 101.6 0.78

    Nasarawa 37.9 44.2 40.8 62.9 66.3 64.5 1.05

    Niger 19.6 16.1 17.7 34.2 29.7 31.7 0.87

    Plateau 32.5 28.4 30.5 53.8 50.5 52.2 0.94

    NorthEast

    Adamawa 38.7 22.6 31.8 51.5 37.4 45.4 0.73

    Bauchi 10.7 6.3 8.7 17.2 15.8 16.5 0.92

    Borno 8.7 12.7 10.6 11.8 16.9 14.2 1.43

    Gombe 9.8 5.5 7.6 12.9 7.8 10.7 0.6

    Taraba 9.8 18.6 14.1 25.2 34.7 29.8 1.38

    Yobe 9.8 7.1 8.5 13.5 9.5 11.2 0.7

    NorthWest

    Jigawa 15.2 14 14.8 17.8 15.4 16.6 0.87

    Kaduna 28.1 36.8 32.1 42.3 50.3 46 1.19

    Kano 8.6 12 9.9 15.7 20.5 17.6 1.31

    Katsina 8.3 5.8 7.2 13.5 9.3 11.5 0.69

    Kebbi 2.5 2.2 2.3 8.8 7.1 7.8 0.81

    Sokoto 2.8 1.6 2.2 3.2 3.5 3.3 1.09

    Zamfara 6.8 3.3 5 8 4.8 6.3 0.6

    SouthEast

    Abia 86.5 90.5 88.4 117.9 115.6 116.8 0.98

    Anambra 92.6 76.9 84.3 130.7 100.4 114.8 0.77

    Ebonyi 69.2 69.7 69.5 110.6 105.1 107.9 0.95

    Enugu 85.6 83.8 84.4 121.6 118.6 119.3 0.98

    Imo 85.8 82.8 84.5 109.3 104.3 107 0.95

    SouthSouth

    AkwaIbom 76.4 82.4 79.2 104.2 110.9 107.3 1.06

    Bayelsa 47.1 49.4 48.4 80 78.3 79.1 0.98

    CrossRiver 58 58.9 58.1 97.8 91.4 94.5 0.93

    Delta 68.3 70.8 69.8 98.8 98.5 98.7 1

    Edo 82.4 81 81.7 118.3 105.8 112.2 0.89

    Rivers 65.7 68.6 67 90.3 91.5 90.8 1.01

    SouthWest

    Ekiti 85.1 87.8 85.9 93.9 103.1 98.1 1.1

    Lagos 87.1 81.6 84.4 101 100 100.5 0.99

    Ogun 88.8 83.8 86.1 118.5 122.7 120.5 1

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NIGERIA 2015 Nigeria Education Data Survey (NEDS) National Report National Population Commission Abuja, Nigeria Contract Number: AID-EHC-E-00-04-0004-00 EdData II Technical and Managerial Assistance, Task Number 25 Task Order Number: AID-620-BC-14-00001 Activity Start Date and End Date: November 8, 2013 to January 7, 2016
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