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Numeric investors

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  • 1. Numeric Investors I.p

2. Numeric Investors l.p. Founded in 1989 by Langdon Wheeler Used firms' earning estimate revision model Numerics momentum model Managed tax exempt accounts for pension funds and endowments and fund of fund taxable accounts, off shore funds, and three mutual funds Worked on flat asset based fees and performance related fee Core Aggressive Mid Cap Small Cap Micro Cap Value Aggressive Original Long/Short Fair Value Long/Short Products 3. Investment Strategy Core Aggressive Midcap Aggressive Small Cap Growth Micro Cap Value Aggressive Long Only Rationale for Investing Benefits of diversification and Stock Selection Sector weights almost similar to the index weight Expected returns a bit higher than the index returns due to good stock selection 4. Investment Strategy Original Long Short Fair Value Long ShortLong/Short Rationale for Investing Double Alpha Strategy Buy good stocks for long position and sell bad stocks for short position of same sector Eliminates portfolios sector specific risk Risk of long underperforming shorts is the only risk Allowed Numeric to exploit negative as well as positive information Allowed Numeric to focus on sectors where insights were greatest Long/Short portfolios could have any sector weights as the sector specific risk has been mitigated Higher returns per dollar of investment Less costs as diversification could be achieved more economically, e.g. Stock index funds and stock- index futures 5. Investment Strategy Equitized Original Long Short Equitized Fair Value Long Short Equitized Long/Short Rationale for Investing Double Alpha Strategy with Exposure to the Market Numeric would buy good stocks for long position and sell bad stocks for short position of same sector along with investment in stock index futures equal to 100 % of the portfolios net value This strategy is for investors who wanted benefits of double alpha strategy along with the exposure to the stock market Benefit of good Stock Selection as well as market returns 6. Long Vs Long/Short-- Risk Profitable only Share Price of Owned Securities Increased Mirrored benchmark index and had to own sector stocks without compelling purchases Sector specific risk Long Can exploit negative as well as positive information It can have any sector weights, provided long and short sector exposure matched Sector specific risk neutralized though stock risk remained Long/Short 7. Stock Selection Momentum Strategy Value Strategy 8. Momentum strategy Momentum is the empirically observed tendency for rising asset prices to rise further, and falling prices to keep falling A trader will take a long position in an asset, which has shown an upward trending price, or short sell a security that has been in a downtrend Momentum investors bear significant risk for assuming this strategy, and, therefore, the high returns are a compensation for the risk Exploits behavioral shortcomings in other investors, such as Herd Behavior Investor over and under reaction Confirmation bias 9. Momentum: Numeric Investors I.p. Estrend Earning Surprise Momentum score 10. Estrend: Earning Estimate Revision Trend Past changes in analysts estimates Incremental revisions rather than big jumps Forecast of future consensus by analyzing Size of revision Direction of revisions Earning Surprise Considered if actual earning is large relative to dispersion in analyst forecast Reaction of earning surprise to companys stock price Was effective only for days immediate to announcement 11. Value Strategy Investor looks for stock with strong fundamentals - including earnings, dividends, book value, and cash flow - that are selling at a bargain price, given their quality Stocks have the potential to increase in share price when the market corrects its error in valuation Contradicts Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) Price do not reflect all relevant information Disagrees with concept of beta 12. Value Strategy: Numeric Investors l.p. Initially used as Second option Stock price are more volatile than underlying company fundamental Cross sectional regression analysis determined correlation between companys certain characteristics and its stock price 13. Value Strategy: Numeric Investors l.p. Initially used as Second option Stock price are more volatile than underlying company fundamental Cross sectional regression analysis determined correlation between companys certain characteristics and its stock price 14. April 29, 1997 Transactions Numeric s Position Numeric was short in PepsiCo 165,100 shares based on the negative momentum score, which makes it sensitive to any surprise earnings announcement Analysts average estimates of earnings were 24 cents per share What happened? PepsiCo announced earnings of 27 cents per share The momentum score had gone from -0.49 to +1.35 Value score increased from -0.13 to +.08 Actions Taken by Numeric Numeric Investors decided to cover 115,500 shares, of which 90,500 shares were covered at a price of $34.43 and the rest would be covered next week at $35.64 The Stock price of PepsiCo increased to $36.2 in May, 1997 as shown in the Exhibit 14 PepsiCo 15. April 29, 1997 Transactions Numeric s Position Numeric was significantly long in Stratus Computer shares before the announcements What happened? Stratus announced earnings of 62 cents per share as compared to analysts average expectations of 48 cents per share Smith Barney analysts revised his 1997 earnings estimate from $2.90 to $3.3 verses the consensus estimate of $2.86 Actions Taken by Numeric Numeric Investors Analysts calculated the Value score and Momentum Score based on the earnings estimate of $3.15. The Value score increased from 1.63 to 1.79 and Momentum score increased from 1.98 to 2.04 Numeric Investors found that scores had not gone up sufficiently to justify increasing Numerics already significant long position Stratus Computer 16. April 29, 1997 Transactions Numeric s Position The 4th Quarter results of Micro Warehouse in 1996 were disappointing (EPS of 30 cents as compared to expected EPS of 31 cents) The 1997 1st quarter results were also expected to be disappointing Numeric was short 334,000 shares What happened? Micro Warehouse announced earnings of 23 cents per share as compared to analysts average expectations of 20 cents per share Stock price increased by $1.25 in the morning Actions Taken by Numeric Numeric Investors covered 100,000 shares, paring the position from 0.6 % to 0.4 % of the portfolio After getting the confirmation that the earnings are clean, Numeric covered its remaining short position, while the stock price rose from $15.5 to $17.5 Micro Warehouse 17. April 29, 1997 Transactions Numeric s Position Numeric was long 108,000 shares What happened? PeopleSoft had a jump in share price in lieu of earnings announcement of 14 cents per share against expected earnings of 12 cents per share on April 26, 1997 The Estrend, Earnings Surprise and Value scores were 0.5, 2.0, and -0.51 respectively Stock price increased by $1.125 on April 29, 1997 Actions Taken by Numeric Numeric Investors bought some shares on April 29 at $43 per share and added more after stock price fell down to $38 per share The Stock price rose to $48 per share by May 7, 1997 PeopleSoft Earnings surprise was high on the basis of new announcements Estrend score was high on the basis of revised analysts estimates 18. April 29, 1997 Transactions Numeric s Position Numeric was long 288,900 shares Numeric Investors wanted to reduce its position from 1.5 % to 0.4% prior to the earnings announcements Numeric Investors trimmed its position by 10000 shares What happened? The Earnings announcement was 50 cents per share against the expected 47 cents per share The momentum score changed from 0.75 to 1.24 The stock price increased further by May 13, and its score relative to other stocks in the portfolio increased Actions Taken by Numeric Numeric Investors increased its long position by 35000 shares on May 13, 1997 Compuware 19. April 29, 1997 Transactions Numeric s Position Numeric was short 150,00 shares on the basis of low value score (-0.98 on April 28, 1997) Numeric Investors wanted to reduce its position from 1.5 % to 0.4% prior to the earnings announcements Numeric Investors trimmed its position by 10000 shares What happened? The stock price decreased to $36 per share, and value score increased to (-0.67) The Stock looked less over priced Actions Taken by Numeric Numeric Investors decided to cover 25000 shares, but were able to cover only 15000 shares at $36.125 per share Numeric cancelled the remaining order of 10000 shares as the price increased and the stock looked over priced Nabisco Holdings 20. Traditional Vs Numeric Traditional fund managers Generally go for buy and hold strategy Generally feel bullish or bearish for a particular sector and hence take either long or short position on that sector Traditional fund managers either go for value or growth investing Traditional fund managers trust their analysis very much and hence may or may not go for revisions based on other analysis estimates Numeric fund mangers Went both for long and short positions Numeric went long and short in the same sector for hedging against market declines They incorporated both types of investing methods through their model They relied heavily on Analysts estimates and changes & frequency of revision of their estimates through their momentum/value model 21. Monitoring and Controlling Transaction Cost Portfolio turnover Frequency of transaction Higher the portfolio turnover, higher is the transaction cost All investment strategies show very high portfolio turnover Bid-offer spread Difference between the highest bid price and the lowest asked price Larger spread shows lower demand for a particular asset

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