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Particpate in whs processes week 10

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  • 1. Participate in WHS processes

2. Section 2 Weeks 8 11 Supporting others in working safely 3. Recap Week 9 September 12th 2013 The role of the Workcover Authority of NSW North Coast TAFE CHCO8 Community Services Training Package HLTWHS300A Learner Guide Version 1 Pp 59 - 65 4. The WorkCover Authority of NSW The WorkCover Authority of NSW manages workplace safety, injury management and workers compensation systems. It is responsible for ensuring compliance with Work Health and Safety legislation and ensures that worker compensation and rehabilitation procedures are carried out correctly. 5. The WorkCover Authority of NSW Promotes the prevention of injury and diseases at the workplace and the development of healthy and safe workplaces Promotes the prompt, efficient and effective management of injuries to people at work The WorkCover Authority: 6. The WorkCover Authority of NSW Ensures the efficient operation of workers compensation insurance arrangements Ensures the appropriate co-ordination of arrangements for the administration of schemes to which the workers compensation legislation or the work health and safety legislation relates to. The WorkCover Authority: (cont) 7. The WorkCover Authority of NSW Inspect the workplace to ascertain compliance with the Work Health and Safety Act Issue notices and fines. WorkCover inspectors have the power to : 8. Grievances Most conflicts are resolved with effective consultation between management and workers. There are times, however, when WHS disputes between workers and employees will arise and will be difficult to resolve. They may take some time and a measure of compromise to find a solution. On occasion, mediators are necessary to give an impartial judgement on the situation. Any complaints need to be dealt with in an open, fair and effective manner. All complaints should be regarded seriously, documented and dealt with either formally or informally. 9. Training WHS training serves several purposes in the workplace. If employees are equipped with WHS knowledge there are fewer accidents and incidents. Knowledge raises the level of awareness of risks and hazards and creates a better understanding as to why safety and health procedures must be followed. 10. Training All new employees should undergo WHS training. This includes: All workplace health and safety procedures. Reporting of hazards to management. Manual handling training. Recording and documenting accident and incident information. Where and how to access further WHS information. Workers compensation issues and claims. 11. Standard operating procedures Also known as Safe Work Procedures and Work Method Statements, standard operating procedures outline the PPE (personal protective equipment) required for The task at hand The correct sequence of steps The potential hazards or risks that could be encountered at each step How to do it the actual operating procedure. 12. Designated persons and hierarchy of control WHS legislation requires that hazards and risks be controlled in a systematic manner. If it is NOT practical to eliminate the risks, then the risk needs to be reduced using control measures. Substitution Engineering controls Administrative controls. Refer to Hierarchy of Hazard/Control Chart (p63) 13. Week 10 and Week 11 September 19th and October 10th 2013 SECTION 1 Manual handling Steps to safe lifting Safe bending/stretching/standing Carrying children SECTION 2 Infection control and illness Cleaning/Teaching/Planning Contaminated waste control Exposure to biological hazards PPE North Coast TAFE CHCO8 Community Services Training Package HLTWHS300A Learner Guide Version 1 Pp 65 - 81 14. SECTION 1 Manual handling Steps to safe lifting Safe bending/stretching/standing Carrying children WEEK 10 19/9/2013 15. MANUAL HANDLING What is manual handling? 16. MANUAL HANDLING Manual handling means physically forceful movement that ultimately requires the use of your back: Lifting Pushing Reaching Pulling and Carrying. If these are not performed safely and correctly they can cause a range of damage to your back/spine. 17. MANUAL HANDLING This can impact not only on your ability to work, but your lifestyle as well. Some jobs require more physical work than others; however all jobs require some degree of back/spine involvement. Back injury can have far reaching and long lasting effects, therefore, to protect your spine is vitally important. In the area of children's services the manual handling requirements are large. 18. MANUAL HANDLING Simple passive activities such as sitting, if done in the wrong sized chair, over a period of time, will cause back damage to occur. Just because children are small, constant lifting and bending, if undertaken in the wrong manner is still extremely hazardous on the spine. All jobs in all services require back care to be taken seriously and manual handling is to be done correctly at all times. 19. MANUAL HANDLING The function of your spine is to support your skeleton and encase the spinal cord containing your nerves. Damage to your back can cause a range of symptoms from dull aching pain to acute crippling pain. It can affect the spinal bones, the discs between the bones, the muscles attached to the spine and the nerves that travel down the spinal column. 20. MANUAL HANDLING Damage to your back can cause headaches, neck, shoulder, lower back and leg pain. If nerve damage occurs then often there is tingling, loss of sensation or numbness. Any damage done can be extremely painful, takes a long time to improve and has a nasty habit of reoccurring. You have only one spine and in some cases damage done cannot be fully repaired. Therefore it is extremely important that you take great care of your back. 21. LIFTING Lifting may include - Picking up toys Helping a person up from a chair Picking up a baby, toddler or preschool aged child. It does not matter how heavy the object what is important is that when you are lifting it must be done in the correct manner. 22. LIFTING The best way to avoid a lifting injury is to avoid lifting where ever possible. If an object can be wheeled, left in place or dealt with without it being moved it is preferable. 23. LIFTING Students are to complete Activity 1 (2.7) p 67. 24. LIFTING Now lets have a look at the following DVD which is from Kindergarten Parents Victoria and relates to lifting children in a children's centre. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vDxQMy7RLLY 25. LIFTING Information fact sheet - Looking after your back Kids Health Westmead Hospital and use it as a guide to safe lifting. In a simulated situation, using equipment in the playroom, let us demonstrate some safe lifting techniques. 26. STEPS TO SAFE LIFTING BEFORE YOU LIFT 1)Assess the weight if the object is too heavy or awkward do not try and move it on your own 2)Communicate your lift if you are lifting a child, let them know you are doing so. If you are attempting to lift an object, let those around you know so they can stay out of your way. If you are lifting with an assistant, the co-ordination and planning requires you to communicate together. 3)Get close to what you are lifting. Place it as close as possible to your body. Do not stretch or reach. 27. STEPS TO SAFE LIFTING DURING THE LIFT 1) Bend your knees the strongest muscles in your body should be used for lifting. This is not your back, but your leg, buttocks and stomach muscles. By bending your knees and bracing/tightening these muscles, stress is placed on these and NOT your back. 2) Keep your back straight 3) Collect and keep the load close - when you are lifting and carrying it is important to keep the load as close as possible to your body. This ensures you are using the correct muscles. 28. STEPS TO SAFE LIFTING DURING THE LIFT 4) Never ever twist when you carry. Use your feet to change direction. 5) Lift for as short a time as possible. 29. STEPS TO SAFE LIFTING AGAIN DURING THE LIFT Never ever twist TWISTING WHEN YOU LIFT IS THE PRIME WAY TO DAMAGE YOUR SPINE AND INCREASE THE CHANCE OF TRAPPING AND SQUASHING NERVES IN YOUR VERTEBRAE. Always use your feet to change direction never, ever lift and twist. 30. STEPS TO SAFE LIFTING DURING THE LIFT WAYS TO ELIMINATE BENDING AND TWISTING After the set up of a work area Adjust shelving to appropriate heights Where possible provide adjustable work/bench/change tables Replace manual operations with automated ones... 31. STEPS TO SAFE LIFTING AFTER THE LIFT - Put the load down carefully. The replacement of the object is just as important as the lift. So, to lower an object - reverse the safe lifting procedure. 1) Communicate. 2) Bend your knees. 3) Keep your back straight. 4) Keep the load close to your body. Until you reach as near as possible to it's final destination. 32. Do not carry things when you do not need to. Carry them (if necessary) the shortest, safest distance. If it is a large or awkward object, lift in small stages. Avoid lifting for long periods and over large distances. STEPS TO SAFE LIFTING 33. STEPS TO SAFE LIFTING Students to complete Activity 2 (2.8) p70. 34. PRACTISING THE 12 STEPS Activity 3 (2.9) p72. Now, using equipment to assist you, write down those 12 steps until they are clear in your mind. Remember that there is a safe lift assessment associated with this unit which you are required to complete competently in order to pass this unit. 35. THE TEAM LIFT The same rules for a team lift apply (as above). However, there are a few extra precautions when lifting large and difficult objects. A larger and heavier load requires the area that it is moving - to and from to be clear of any hazards. Hazards include TRIP HAZARDS such as small children, rugs, toys etc and SNAG HAZARDS such as table edges or doorways. 36. THE TEAM LIFT The lift needs to

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