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Urban Parking & TransportationUrban Parking & and Transportation...Urban Parking &...

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  • Urban Parking & TransportationUrban Parking & TransportationPlanning, Design & Management

    Tools and StrategiesTools and Strategies

    Presented to:IDA 2008 Caribbean Downtown InstituteIDA 2008 Caribbean Downtown Institute

    February 22 24, 2008Nassau, Bahamas

    The British Colonial Hilton Hotel

  • Urban Parking & TransportationPlanning Design & ManagementPlanning, Design & Management

    L. Dennis Burns, CAPP

    Carl Walker, Inc.

    Joddie GrayUrbanTrans

    Consultants, Inc.

    Supply-Side pp yManagement, New Parking

    Technologies and the Experience

    TDM Strategies to Support Urban Environments

    Economy

    2

  • Urban Parking & TransportationPlanning Design & Management

    Introduction to Carl Walker, Inc.Planning, Design & Management

    Carl Walker, Inc. is a full service resource for:Parking Structure Design

    Parking Studies and Operations Consulting

    Parking Functional Planning and Design

    Restoration

    St t l E i iStructural Engineering

    Forensic Investigations

    3

  • Urban Parking & TransportationPlanning Design & Management

    UrbanTrans Consultants, Inc.

    Planning, Design & Management

    ,Sustainable transportation solutions tailored for you:

    Multi-Modal Planning and Analysis

    Transportation Options Programs

    Communications and Marketing Strategies

    Program Implementation

    4

  • Urban Parking & TransportationPlanning Design & Management

    Integrated Parking & Access

    Planning, Design & Management

    Management Programs:

    Supply-Side ManagementNew Parking Technologies and New Parking Technologies and The Experience Economy

  • Urban Parking & TransportationPlanning Design & Management

    Parking Session Handouts on CD

    Planning, Design & Management

    6

  • Urban Parking & TransportationPlanning Design & Management

    Supply - Side StrategiesPlanning, Design & Management

    pp y gSupply side strategies maximize the efficiency of existing and future parking resources.

    Key Strategies: Know Your Resources Shared Parking Shared Parking Parking Regulations Flexible Parking Standards Parking Maximums Smart Growth Walking and Cycling Improvementsg y g p Parking Facility Design Improved Parking Operations & Management

    7

  • Urban Parking & TransportationPlanning Design & Management

    Supply - Side StrategiesPlanning, Design & Management

    pp y gMore Key Strategies: Overflow Parking PlansOverflow Parking Plans Improved User Information and Marketing Parking Pricing

    I d E f t & C t l Improved Enforcement & Controls Improved Payment Methods Unbundling Parking Parking Management Organization/Coordination Guiding Principles

    Parking Environment Improvements Parking Environment Improvements

    8

  • Know Your Parking ResourcesIt is important to have detailed and up to date information about parking resources for planning and customer education.

    Supply/Demand by ZoneOn-Street Time Limit MapOn-Street Utilization

    99

  • Shared Parking Shared parking can have a significant impact on mixed-use development parking requirements. Combining land uses results in a demand for parking spaces that is less than the demand generated by separate, freestanding developments of similar size and character. Shared parking is defined as parking space that can be used to serve two or more individual land uses, without conflict or encroachmentThe opportunity to implement shared parking is the result of two conditions:

    Variations in the peak accumulation of parked vehicles as a result of different activity patterns of adjacent or nearby land uses (by hour, by day, by season).

    Relationships among land use activities that result in peoples attraction to two or more land uses on a single auto trip to a given area or development.

    1010

  • Parking RegulationsCommon Parking Regulations:

    Name User or vehicle type Duration

    Examples Loading, Taxi, disabled, etc. 5 minute loading 1-2 hour time limits etc Duration

    Time period restrictions Employee restrictions Special events

    5 minute loading, 1 2 hour time limits, etc. Prohibited occupancy at certain times Promote customer use

    R t i ti d i i l t Special events Residential permits Street cleaning restrictions

    Restrictions during special events Residential permit program areas Allows for street sweeping.

    1111

  • Flexible Parking StandardsMore accurate and flexible standards means that the parking requirements at a particular location are adjusted to account for various factors.

    Examples of Adjustment Factors:Geographic Location Geographic Location

    Residential Density Employment Density Land-use Mix Transit Accessibility Car-Sharing Car-Sharing Walkability

    1212

  • Parking MaximumsgParking Maximums means that an upper limit is placed on parking supply either at individual sites or in an area supply, either at individual sites or in an area.

    Area-wide limits are called Parking Caps.

    Th b i dditi t i t d f i i ki These can be in addition to or instead of minimum parking requirements.

    Maximums often apply only to certain types of parking, such as long-term, single-use, free, or surface parking, depending on planning objectives.

    1313

  • Walking & Cycling ImprovementsWalking and Cycling improvements support parking management strategies in several ways: Improving walkability (the quality of walking

    conditions) expands the range of parking facilities that serve a destination. It increases the feasibility of sharing parking facilities and use of remote parking facilities.

    Improving walkability increases park once Improving walkability increases park once trips, which reduces vehicle trips and the amount of parking required at each destination.des a o .

    Walking and cycling improvements allow these modes to substitute for some automobile tripstrips.

    1414

  • Parking Facility DesignParking facility design and operation refers to physical layout,construction and day-to-day management.

    Improved design and operation can better integrate parking facilitiesinto communities, improve the quality of service experienced byusers, support parking management, and help address various

    blproblems.

    1515

  • Parking Facility Design

    Integrating Integrating Street-Level RetailRetail

    1616

  • Parking Facility Design

    Supporting Supporting Increased Development pDensity and Mixed Uses

    1717

  • Parking Facility Design

    Integrating Parking & Downtown ResidentialIntegrating Parking & Downtown Residential

    1818

  • Parking Facility Design

    Complementary Design for gDowntown Historic Districts

    1919

  • Parking Facility Design & OperationsIntegrating Passive and Active Security Measures Well lighted facilities that

    meet or exceed IES minimums.

    Integrate CPTED principles into planning and design

    Incorporate Passive security p yfeatures during facility design.

    Integrate parking Integrate parking attendants, cleaning and maintenance staff, shuttle drivers, etc. into your parking y p gsecurity program.

    2020

  • Parking Management Organization/CoordinationIn cities that have not developed comprehensive municipal parking In cities that have not developed comprehensive municipal parking programs (managing on-street and enforcement and owning managing significant off-street assets), one of the significant challenges is developing an effective parking organization to plan, coordinate and communicate p g g p ,parking programs.

    2121

  • Parking Program Guiding PrinciplesDevelopment of a set of parking system Guiding Principles is a good tool for g p gcommunicating program goals and objectives to both staff and community stakeholders.

    Balanced AccessCustomer ServiceMaintenanceMaintenanceFiscal ResponsibilityResponsivenessE f tEnforcementEducationUrban DesignEconomic Vitality

    2222

  • Incorporating Art & Interior Parking Environment Improvements

    2323

  • Incorporating Art & Interior Parking Environment Improvements

    2424

  • Urban Parking & TransportationPlanning Design & Management

    Integrated Parking & Access

    Planning, Design & Management

    Integrated Parking & Access Management Programs:

    Transportation Demand Management (TDM) Strategies to g ( ) gSupport Urban Environments

    25

  • Transportation in Urban Environmentsp

    26

  • Transport Issues: Three Cs p

    C tiCongestionConfusionL k f C fidLack of Confidence

    27

  • The Formula for SuccessSmart development + travel

    ti ti ti options + active promotion = success

    Create environments that support Create environments that support access and mobilityProvide realistic travel options.Educate users about the options.Use incentives to allow for rational decision makingdecision making.Monitor performance and make adjustments.

    28

  • Influencing Transportation Demandg p

    Build it and they will ycome doesnt always work.Parking is a key element in influencing travel choices

    d i d dand managing demand.

    29

  • What is Transportation Demand Management (TDM)?p g ( )

    Programs and services designed to reduce Programs and services designed to reduce single occupant vehicle (SOV) travel.Core elements:

    1. Parking Control2. Active Promotion of Transport