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Peatland restoration - role of agroforestry- by Atiek Widayati _ICRAF

Date post: 08-Jan-2017
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Can agroforestry ‘win the heart' of peatland restora5on agenda ? A"ek Widaya" ICRAF Southeast Asia
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  • Can agroforestry win the heart' of peatland restora5on

    agenda ?A"ekWidaya"

    ICRAFSoutheastAsia

  • Land use-peatland induced hazards

    Firehazards1997-8,2006-7,2015Transboundaryhazepollu"on:Indonesiaandneighboringcountries(Malaysia,Singapore,thePhilippines)

    IndonesiaasthehighestCO2emiOerfromland-basedsector

  • (GFED4s,>www.globalfiredata.org
  • Economic damage of 1997/98 fires was estimated to be of the order of 20 billion USD (Varma, 2003)

  • www.aseanpeat.net

    SoutheastAsia

    (Wahyunto,etal,2014)

    Indonesia:14.9M-20Mha

  • Major Drivers

    Foodprovision1Mmegaricefieldprogramin1990sfailureintechnicali"esandmanagementlargesourceoffireinCKalimantan

    PulpandpaperindustriesAcaciaplanta"onsCPOexports,food-cropcommodi"esOilpalmplanta"ons

  • Strategies, agenda and priori5es

    IndonesiasPresidentJokoWidodoinspectspeatlandinKalimantan.Photograph:RomeoGacad/AFP/GeOyImages

    We need a new Peatland Management Authority,

    reporting directly to me

    PeatlandRestora"onAgency'majorapproaches:- Peatlandrewe^ng

    Canalblocking- Paludiculture

    Regional(ASEAN): ASEANPeatlandManagementStrategies

    ASEANAgreementonTransboundaryPollu"on

    Indonesia??

  • How about agroforestry prac5ces on peatland ?

    effec"vebuffersfromfires,shownbythelowincidenceoffiresinthearea(SakuntaladewiandWibowo,2016;Dewietal2015).

  • Whyagroforestonpeatlands: Whererewe^ngisnotimmediatelyfeasiblee.g.highsocialcost

    Adap"vefarmingforpeatlandmi"ga"ngfirehazards:lowinputfarmingandmul"stratatomaintainhumidenvironment

    Low-impactagriculture(ASEANStrategy)mi"ga"onofover-drainage

    Mul"func"onali"es(RE:economyofproduc"onecology)

    Localwisdomandknowledge

    Wahyuntoetal,2014

    MieHnnenetal,2016

  • Upscalability op5ons by/in context

    WidayaJ,Tata,vanNoordwijk,(inpress)

  • Conclusions and Challenges (over opportuni5es)

    Restora"onisnotonlyaboutplan"ngandreplan"ng,providingseedsandtechnology,tree-croppreference.

    Policiesandregula"onreflec"nggood-willandabilityarecrucialChallenges:

    Foragroforestitiss"llconsideredasplotandfarmlevelprac"ce;challengedforwideradop"onforpeatlandscapeandpeatlandrestora"on.

    (endemic)tree-plantpromo"on:gapsonenablingpoliciesandregula"on,includingincen"vesanddisincen"vesdifficulttogaintrustandwideradop"on

    Barriersonmarketandpostharvestregula"on Needforcapacitystrengtheningforfarmers/localactorsincl.tobuildpartnership,enterprisedevelopment

    Furtherresearchandassessmentstofillremainingknowledgegapsontheenvironmentalconsequencesofpeatlandmanagementop"ons.


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