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Test Preparation – Reading And Writing Page 1 TEST PREPARATION PRELIMARY ENGLISH TEST Reading and Writing
Transcript
Page 1: PET - Reading Writing Materials.pdf

Test Preparation – Reading And Writing Page 1

TEST PREPARATION PRELIMARY ENGLISH TEST

Reading and Writing

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INTRODUCTION

Reading

Part Task Type Marks What does it test? What do you do?

1 Three-option

multiple choice

5 Your ability to understand short texts Read and choose one option

2 Matching 5 Your ability to understand longer

texts

Match descriptions of people with

short texts

3 True/ false 10 Your ability to find specific

information

Answer true/ false questions

4 Four-option

multiple choice

5 Your ability to understand attitude,

opinion and purpose in a text

Answer a multiple-choice

questions on a longer text.

5 Four-option

multiple choice

cloze

10 Your knowledge of vocabulary and

grammar

Choose the correct options to

complete a short passage

Writing

Part Task Type Marks What does it test? What do you do?

1 Sentence

transformations

5 Your knowledge of grammar Change the sentence using one to

three words

2 Short message 5 Your ability to write a short message Write a short message of about 35

– 45 words

3 Longer piece of

writing

15 Your accuracy and range in writing Write a story or letter of about 100

words

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Reading part 1

SHORT TEXTS

1. Introduction

- This part tests your understanding of various kinds of short texts. These may be:

o public notices and signs

o instructions/ information on packages or bottles

o notes, emails, cards or postcards

2. Tips

- First read the text carefully to understand the general meaning of the text.

- Look at the background of the text (the visual information). It may help you to understand the situation and the purpose of

the text.

- Read all three options carefully.

- Compare each option with the text and then choose one of them.

- Look again at the incorrect options and underline the words that show that they are wrong.

- Re-read the text and the option you chose to make sure it is the correct answer.

3. Practice

Task 1:

Look at texts 1 – 6 and match them with text types a – c

a. text message b. notice c. postcard

1. Why don‟t we meet up on Friday and play tennis? Please let me know before 5.30 because I need to book the court

today.

2. ANY BIKES LEFT HERE WILL BE REMOVED IMMEDIATELY

3. It‟s a beautiful place – the beach is fantastic and within easy walking distance of the hotel. The weather‟s great too!

Wish you were here with us!

4. Identity cards must be shown in order to enter building

5. We have to be at the sports centre before 9 tomorrow morning. Shall I meet you at the corner of Green Street so we

can walk there together?

6. USE OF MOBILE PHONES FORBIDDEN INSIDE HOSPITAL

Task 2:

Match these phrases from the texts in task 1 with purposes a – f below.

1. Why don‟t we meet up

2. Please let me know

3. Bikes left here will be removed

4. Identity cards must be shown

5. We have to be at the sports centre

6. Use of mobiles forbidden

a. a prohibition/ something not allowed

b. a rule

c. a suggestion

d. a polite request

e. a warning

f. an obligation

Task 3:

Put these phrases into three groups of similar meanings.

a. It is prohibited

b. It is required

c. It is permitted

d. It is allowed

e. You need to

f. It is forbidden

g. You can

h. It is necessary

i. It is not allowed

j. You mustn‟t

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Task 4: The following words in the box usually appear in signs and public notices. Choose the correct word for each gap in

the sentences below. You can only use each word/ phrase once.

allowed area cancelled card changing rooms disabled

entrance forbidden hour instructions luggage may

no longer on time passengers property put responsible

rooms seat use warning

1. Do not __________ equipment in this box before reading __________.

2. Weekday parking: __________ than 20 minutes in any __________.

3. __________ coins in the coffee machine slowly – if in difficulty, go to room 2.

4. Smoking is __________ during lectures but is __________ during the coffee break.

5. This __________ is closed today – use back of building beside car park.

6. __________ for international flights – check in __________ here.

7. Visitors to the port __________ must collect an identity __________ at the main gate.

8. Offer this __________ to old or __________ people, or those carrying young children.

9. __________ next to escalator. Customers __________ take in no more than 4 pieces of clothing.

10. All the trains are running __________ today except the 8.15 which has been __________.

11. The college is not __________ for private __________ left in this building.

12. __________-security cameras in use around this building.

Task 5:

Read messages 1 & 2 and decide what they mean (A, B or C).

1. Hi Elena I think I left my wallet on your kitchen table. Please check for me and see if there are two theatre tickets

inside. I‟ll need them on Saturday night. Give me a ring as soon as possible! Love Joanna.

A. Joanna wants Elena to confirm that the theatre tickets in her wallet are safe.

B. Joanna wants Elena to check she has theatre tickets for the right evening.

C. Joanna wants Elena to call her about the wallet she lost in the theatre.

2. Hi Martin

I‟ve just heard that my science project must be completed before Friday and not next week! Can you come round

and help me finish it tonight? Eduardo

A. Eduardo wants Martin to help him with his project next week.

B. Eduardo wants Martin to finish his project on Friday if possible.

C. Eduardo needs Martin‟s help so he can finish his project quickly.

Task 6:

Look at the text in each question. What does it say? Circle the correct letter A, B or C.

1. Clerigos Tower 225 steps

Unsuitable for the elderly and very young

children

What is the purpose of this notice?

A. To apologise.

B. To make a suggestion.

C. To give a warning.

2. City Park

Take a free calendar for times and prices

of next month‟s events

A. Entrance to the park will be free at certain

times.

B. This will tell you what‟s on in the park next

month.

C. There will be no charge for park activities next

month.

3. New Street Station

All trains are running late today due to a lack

of staff

A. There will be a delay to your journey today.

B. Ask station staff for information on train times

today.

C. We apologise for the late arrival of your train.

4. Road repairs here 13 – 15 June

Road will remain open, but no parking

allowed

A. It will not be possible to drive here for three

days.

B. Workmen will not finish repairing this road

until 13 June.

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C. You cannot leave cars here between 13 and 15

June.

Task 7:

Look at the text in each question. What does it say? Circle the correct letter A, B or C.

1. George,

I’m not going to college today. Can you ask Lisa to call

me at home about tonight? My mobile’s broken and I don’t

know her number.

Tim

What should George do?

A. Give Lisa a message.

B. Call Lisa this evening.

C. Find Lisa‟s phone number.

2. Hi Chloe,

I think I left a scarf at your house – it’s my

mum’s and she wants it back. Let me know if it’s

there and I’ll come and collect it.

Sue

Sue wants Chloe to

A. return the scarf to Sue‟s mother.

B. tell her when she can collect the

scarf.

C. check whether she has the scarf.

Task 8:

Look at the text in each question. What does it say? Circle the correct letter A, B or C.

1. Mark,

I’ve arrange flights. No tickets, we just show our booking

number and passports at the check-in desk. Can you

check bus times to the airport?

Rob

Rob wants Mark to

A. meet him at the check-in desk.

B. find out about transport to the airport.

C. let him know his passport number.

2. Josh,

What do you think about going to Adventure World

on Friday? We have to sign the list before Tuesday if

we’re interested. If you go, I’ll go too.

Katie

Why has Katie emailed Josh about

Adventure World?

A. She doesn‟t want to go on the trip

alone.

B. She wants Josh to take her there on

Tuesday.

C. She doesn‟t have enough information

about it.

3. Chelsworth Zoo

One free teacher ticket

for every five student tickets bought

A. Groups of five students must have a

teacher with them.

B. To get for nothing, a teacher must

buy five student tickets.

C. Teachers can get six student tickets

for the price of five.

4. I enjoyed seeing the city from the river on this sightseeing cruise, but we couldn’t get off anywhere so I’m looking forward to visiting the sights on foot tomorrow. Meg

A. Meg was disappointed with the river

trip.

B. Meg has already been to most of the

city sights.

C. Meg is planning to walk around part

of the city.

Reading part 2

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. Introduction

- This part tests detailed understanding of factual information. There are five short descriptions of people and eight short

texts on the same topic. You have to match each person to one of the texts. There are three texts which you will not need.

2. Tips

- Read the five descriptions of people and underline key words.

- Now read one description and try to find the matching text. The correct text must have all the points that the person

requires. For example, if the person wants a romantic book that is short, you must find a text which matches the two

requirements: romantic and short.

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- Underline the parts of the text that match the person‟s description. But be careful about „word spotting‟! It is often not

enough to find the same word in the person‟s description and in the text. It may be the wrong answer. If you find the

same word, re-read the person‟s description and the whole text again carefully.

- Usually the correct answer will not contain exactly the same words as the person‟s description. You may have to

recognize different ways of saying the same thing, for example, „love story‟ instead of „romantic‟, and „a book I can read

quickly‟ instead of „a short book‟.

- If you think that there are two texts that seem to match the same person, read the description and the two texts again

carefully. Only ONE text will match ALL of a person‟s requirement.

- This part of the Reading test cannot be done quickly because you need to read the details in each text carefully, and you

may have to go back to a text and re-read it several times. When you are sure you have found an answer, you may want

to cross out that particular text as you will not need to read it again.

3. Practice

Task 1:

Link an expression on the left with a similar meaning on the right.

1. thriller

2. cities

3. tears

4. takes days

5. voyage

6. know how it will end

7. drawings

8. widely-read

9. laugh

10. can be read quickly

11. unexpected ending

12. daily activities

a. journey

b. a funny side

c. guess

d. easy

e. can‟t guess

f. cry

g. towns

h. everyday life

i. illustrations

j. long

k. danger and excitement

l. well-known

Task 2:

These people all want to improve their health and fitness. Read about the fitness centres below and decide which fitness

centre would be the most suitable for them.

1. Paulina is a runner and recently

broke a bone in her foot. She

needs help with a daily exercise

programme to help her improve

her fitness before she starts

racing again.

A. Bodyspace

Forget the stress of everyday life in our ultra-modern gym

and 20-metre swimming pool in the heart of the business

district. Membership benefits include a free fitness check

and a personal diet plan prepared by one of our friendly

gym staff. There are discounts for families.

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2. Louis and Jane would like to

take their seven-year-old twin

boys to a fitness centre on

Saturdays and Sundays. They

would all like to do a different

activity.

B. Chestnuts Health Club

Located in the city centre, this fitness club has weights,

cycles, a dance studio, a steam room and sauna, making it

perfect for a lunchtime workout. There is also a beauty

salon and a juice bar. Membership can be for one, three or

twelve months.

3. Leroy works in a city office and

would like to get fit by

swimming regularly in his lunch

hour during the week.

C. Eastwick Leirsure

This lovely public leisure centre has over 100 very

reasonably-priced activities including weekend games

sessions for kids. There is a 25-metre pool (closed

weekdays 9 a.m. – 3.30 p.m. for local schools) plus a gym

and a children‟s pool. For relaxation there are sunbeds and

steam rooms. There‟s also a snack bar and a baby-care

room.

D. Empire Health Club

This members-only sports club has two floors of serious

fitness and weight-training equipment, including boxing

facilities. There is a steam room to relax in after your

session. Tuesdays and Thursdays are for women only.

Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays are reserved for men.

E. Lifeline

Our modern, fully-equipped gym is open to members

seven days a week with 25 different classes, each suitable

for a range of fitness levels. Whether you want to lose

weight or recover from an injury, we can offer you a

professional personal trainer to help you achieve your goal.

Task 3:

These people all want to do an art course. Below are descriptions of five courses. Decide which course would be the most

suitable for the following people.

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1. Akio is an experienced

artist looking for an

enjoyable course where he

can improve his skills. He

enjoys painting outdoors

and is free in the

afternoons.

A. Complete beginners will learn how to create art based on

their everyday experience. The course will explore subjects

such as the street, the city, and friends and family. Students

will also research a modern artist of their choice in order to

become familiar with the language of painting. Classes are

on Fridays, 2.30 – 4.30 p.m.

2. Jo is free during the day.

She doesn‟t paint, but

loves modern art and

would like to learn more

about it. She hopes to

avoid spending all her

time in the classroom.

B. This course is for anyone looking for a new hobby or a

career change. Students will study some painting techniques

and will also be introduced to the main areas of the cartoon

industry, including drawing for books and newspapers.

There is also advice on how to sell your work. Classes are

on Mondays, 6.30 – 9.00 p.m.

C. This is a fun course, taught by a professional artist. Most

lessons will take place in the countryside, where students

will learn new techniques, not only from the teacher, but

also from one another. The course takes place on Tuesdays

1.30 – 5.00 p.m.

3. Hugo draws in his free

time, but would like to be

able to earn money from it

as he is bored with his

current job. He can attend

classes in the evening or at

the weekend.

D. This course aims to provide an enjoyable introduction to the

most important art from the Renaissance to the late 19th

century. The course will focus on looking works of art and

discussing them, and will help students decide whether to

study the subject further. The course takes place on

Tuesdays, 10.30 a.m. – 12.00 p.m.

E. This course looks at some of the most important art in the

21st century. Students will learn about a wide variety of

artists, and will discuss the ideas behind their work. The

course will include lectures, discussions and films, along

with museum and gallery visits. Classes take place on

Thursdays from 1.00 – 3.00 p.m.

Task 4:

These people all want to see a film. Read the descriptions of five films. Decide which film would be the most suitable for the

following people.

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1. Antonio enjoys films with

complicated stories that

demand his attention. He

likes films with plenty of

action, as he gets bored

quite easily.

A. Famous at Last

Toby and Amelia win a competition to star in a TV

documentary about their lives. What they don‟t realise is

that the show will become a huge success and that their

lives will never be the same again. Younger audiences will

find plenty to laugh at in this movie, but it does have a

serious message as well about the price of fame.

2. Julia has two children

aged 10 and 12, who love

comedies. Julia prefers

drama, but would like to

find a film that they will

all enjoy.

B. Escape

This entertaining film is based on a true story. A teenage

criminal steals millions of dollars and then goes on the run.

The film explores the developing relationship between him

and the detective who is chasing him. This is quite a serious

film, so don‟t expect car chases and gun fights – you‟ll be

disappointed.

C. Remember

The last thing Anna remembers is the murder of her son.

Despite having no money from that day on, she is

determined to find his killer. This exciting, eventful film is

split into two separate stories, one going back in time and

one going forward. You have to concentrate throughout or

you will get completely lost, but it‟s worth the effort!

3. Josef likes exciting films

set in beautiful landscapes.

He particularly enjoy

films about real people

who follow their dream

despite facing many

difficulties on the way.

D. Flying Phoebe

This film tells the true story of Australian, Tim Starr, whose

life-long ambition was to take his 1930s motorcycle, which

„Phoebe‟, to the Atacama desert in Chile, to test its speed.

Tim battles with ill-health and lack of money. He eventually

makes it to Chile, but will the motorbike perform as he

hopes? There is never a dull moment in this story.

E. Clowns Allowed

Adrian dreams of becoming a clown and runs away from

home to join the circus. He is helped by ex-clown Mikey,

who agrees to teach him everything he knows. Children will

certainly find this comedy very amusing, but there is little

depth to the story and the adults sitting with them may wish

they were elsewhere.

Reading part 3

TRUE/ FALSE

1. Introduction

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- This part tests your ability to read a longer text and look for factual information. You have to find practical information in

a leaflet, an advertisement, a website, a holiday brochure, etc.

2. Tips

- First, read the whole text quickly to get a general understanding of what it is about.

- Then read a sentence and read the text to find the part that has the answer.

- Re-read that part of the text very carefully. You do not need to re-read the whole text carefully, only the parts that have

answers to questions. Part three is the longest text in the test, but it has a lot of information you will not need.

- In this part, you may find some words you do not know. You do not need to understand every word to answer the

questions correctly. Just concentrate on getting the information you require to answer the question and do not worry about

unfamiliar words.

3. Practice

Task 1: What is the meaning of these phrases? Tick A or B

1. walk for up to two hours at a time during a normal six-hour trek.

a. You can stop and have a break after two hours, and then again after the next two hours.

b. You can have just one long two-hour break during a normal six-hour walk.

2. participants will not only … but also …

a. Participants will choose between two things.

b. Participants will be able to do both things

3. … an overnight guided trip, staying in forest cabins …

a. Participants on the overnight guided trip will stay in forest cabins.

b. Participants on the overnight guided trip may prefer to stay in forest cabins.

4. an area … little known outside of New Zealand

a. People in other countries hardly know about this area.

b. New Zealand people do not know about this area.

5. depending on the weather

a. We hope the weather is suitable.

b. If the weather is suitable …

6. essential items which cannot be bought locally

a. You are not able to buy these items here.

b. Local people may be able to get these items.

7. Upon receipt of the form we will check X …

a. We will check X before we receive the form.

b. We will check X after we receive the form.

8. If you decide not to go after all

a. … if we decide to cancel your booking.

b. … if you change your mind about going.

9. needs to be paid to us

a. You need this money from us.

b. We need to receive this money from you.

10. … to arrange your own travel insurance ..

a. to be responsible for your travel insurance

b. to ask the programme organizers about your travel insurance

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Task 2: Look at the sentences below about a man who owns a chain of restaurants. Read the text to decide if each sentence is

correct or incorrect. If it is correct, put a tick (√) in the box under A for YES. If it is not correct, put a tick (√) in the box

under B for NO.

A B

1. The first „El Rio‟ became a popular restaurant as soon as it opened.

2. As a teenager, Andrew Benton always had clear plans for his future.

3. Andrew worked in number of restaurants before he turned 40.

4. Andrew‟s first job involved working with musicians.

5. Andrew failed in his career as a stage designer.

6. The idea of starting a restaurant came from Andrew‟s friend.

7. Andrew thought about opening a restaurant for many years before deciding to do it.

Andrew Benton, restaurant owner and businessman Andrew Benton opened his first „El Rio‟ in 2003, selling Mexican food in a bright, modern environment. It was an immediate

success and he now has a chain of restaurants across the country. All this is not bad for someone who left school at the age of

15 with no idea of what he wanted to do with his life.

He had several jobs through his 20s and 30s, but none of them had anything to do with food or cooking. In fact, he started out

as a „roadie‟ for a rock band. He looked after the band‟s instruments and sound equipment and set up the stage for them.

After that, he became a stage designer. He designed sets for some very famous bands, and became well known in the

industry, but he never felt satisfied with his achievements and was always thinking of other things he could do instead.

One day, he was discussing a few ideas with a friend of his, when the friend suggested he should open a restaurant. Andrew

says he knew straight away that that was what he wanted to do. He went away and began doing some research, and two years

later opened his first „El Rio‟. The rest is history.

Task 3: Look at the sentences below about adventure racing. Read the text to decide if each sentence is correct or incorrect.

If it is correct, put a tick (√) in the box under A for YES. If it is not correct, put a tick (√) in the box under B for NO.

A B

1. Adventure racing takes place at traditional sporting venues.

2. An even for first-time racers usually includes three different sporting skills.

3. Adventure racers sometimes have to climb the walls of tall buildings.

4. The tests for racers at checkpoints are designed to measure their levels of fitness.

5. There is an age limit for competitors.

6. There are organized opportunities for racers to improve their racing skills.

Adventure racing

Adventure racing developed from the triathlon, the three-part athletics even in which athletes race on foot, on bikes and

in the water. During the 1980s, athletes added a range of other activities, and adventure racing was born.

A typical adventure race for beginners lasts 4 – 6 hours and includes swimming in a lake or river, mountain biking and

running across rough countryside. Advanced-level races can be over several days and may include sports such as rock-

climbing, mountaineering, roller-skating or skiing. A city event might include biking down stone stairs, getting through a

large pipe or descending on a rope from the top of a block of flats.

Adventure races include checkpoints along the route, where racers are given tasks designed to test their ability to think

clearly when physically very tired. For this reason, adventure racing is known as a „thought sport‟: winning or losing depends

not only on speed and strength, but also on skills such as map-reading, planning and decision-making.

Almost anyone can try adventure racing, but for insurance purposes, you have to be 18 or over. For entry-level races you

should be able to swim 1 kilometre, cycle 20 kilometres and run 5 kilometres. However, the ability to keep going without

giving up is just as important as your sporting skill.

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If you decide to take adventure racing further, there are weekend training camps where you can learn more about various

aspects of the sport, for example bike-handing, climbing down a cliff or race preparation! These courses usually end with a

race in which you can try out what you have just learned.

Task 4: Look at the sentences below about Bloomingdale‟s, a department store in New York. Read the text to decide if each

sentence is correct or incorrect. If it is correct, put a tick (√) in the box under A for YES. If it is not correct, put a tick (√) in

the box under B for NO.

A B

1. The brothers Lyman and Joseph called their first shop „Bloomingdale‟s‟.

2. Lyman and Joseph sold a range of different clothes in their shop.

3. The brothers moved their shop because business was bad on the old site.

4. From its earliest days, Bloomingdale‟s attracted customers with a lot of money.

5. People had to visit Bloomingdale‟s to find out what they sold.

6. Lyman organised special events for the public at Bloomingdale‟s.

7. Bloomingdale‟s designer shopping bags can be worth a lot of money.

8. The store began to attract younger customers in the 1970s.

9. Bloomingdale stores can be found in many countries around the world.

Bloomingdale’s

Store history When the Bloomingdale brothers started doing business in New York City in 1872, clothes shops usually sold just one

thing. But brothers Lyman and Joseph‟s new shop, known as the Great East Side Bazaar, carried a variety of items such as

gloves, hats, skirts and underwear. It was the beginning of what would become a „department store‟.

The shop was very successful and, in 1886, the brothers relocated to 59th

Street and Lexington Avenue. This area of town

was home to many wealthy people and, of course, to their servants. It was to this group of workers – not their employers –

that Bloomingdale‟s originally aimed its services.

Bloomingdale‟s was always looking for new ways to bring in customers. Lyman advertised in newspapers and on posters

to let people know about the store‟s products and prices. He had some interesting ideas of how to make Bloomingdale‟s more

popular. For example, he was one of the first to install elevators, or „sky-carriages‟ as he called them. The store also became

the venue for fashion shows and other important occasions, including „Woman of the Year 1947‟.

In the 1960s, Bloomingdale‟s team came up with the first designer shopping bags. Since then many of these have

become collectors‟ items and people pay a great deal for them. By the 1970s, the store was famous around the world. Even

Queen Elizabeth paid a visit. For the first time in its history, it became fashionable with the under-25s. These days there are

36 Bloomingdale‟s stores in the USA and there are plans to open more. The first Bloomingdale‟s outside the USA is due to

open in 2010 in Dubai.

Reading part 4

FOUR-OPTION MULTIPLE CHOICE

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1. Introduction

- In this part, there is a text of about 300 words followed by five multiple choice questions with four options, A, B, C or D.

The text includes attitudes and opinions as well as facts.

2. Tips

- Read the questions and the text once fairly quickly to get an idea of the topic and general meaning of the text.

- Think about the writer‟s purpose.

- Read the text again very carefully and then start dealing with the questions one by one, checking your answer each time

with the text.

- The first question always tests writer purpose. To find the answer, you need to read the whole text. So, if you are not sure

of the answer, leave this question to the end. Learn the meaning of words that describe writer purpose, e.g. advise,

complain, describe, encourage, explain, inform, insist, suggest and warn.

- Questions 22, 23 and 24 may test opinion, attitude and/ or detail. They follow the order of information in the text.

- Questions 25 tests global understanding and the four options are longer. You will need to look back at different parts of

the text to answer this question.

3. Practice

Task 1: Look at the text below and match each one with a writer purpose (a, b or c)

1. We need to be careful to avoid the problems we had in the past. This time they might be more serious.

a. to complain about present problems

b. to explain the reasons for past problems

c. to warn about possible future problems

2. The hotel is one of the most beautiful parts of the city and so it should do better than it actually does. All the

managers would need to do is provide certain facilities for guests.

a. to describe the area where the hotel is

b. to suggest improvements to the hotel

c. to encourage people to stay at the hotel

3. I am going to say this just once, and I hope you will all take notice of my words. You are now in your final year at

school and you need some experience of the real world before you go to university. There is no better way to do this

than by taking a year out and travelling.

a. to encourage students to travel

b. to inform students about school travel

c. to advise students on places to travel

Task 2: Read the text and questions below. For each question, circle the correct answer, A, B, C or D.

A journey back in time

Kentwell Hall is a large, 16th

-century house built 400 years ago during the Tudor period of English history. For several

weeks every summer, up to 200 actors re-create Tudor life there. Visitors to the Kentwell Re-Creation will watch people who

dress, talk and do things just as they used to do them in Tudor times.

You don‟t have to be a professional to be in the annual Kentwell Re-Creation and you won‟t be paid, but anyone of any

ago can apply to take part. Sixteen-year-old Sally Hampton started doing it four years ago.

„There are lots of different roles. For three years I was a servant in the kitchen and learnt a lot about the food and

ingredients the Tudors used, and also about the society at that time. This year I‟m in a group of players who go round

performing songs and dances. Sometimes I play an original Tudor instrument, rather like a flute, and I‟ve learnt lots of 16th

-

century tunes. My favourite is called Greensleeves.‟

„The Kentwell Re-Creation is a fantastic opportunity to get away from the 21st century. It means leaving your mobile and

your jeans behind and living like a 16th

-century person. When I first started I felt a bit stupid in my costume, trying to speak

old-fashioned English but I got over it very quickly because everyone else was doing the same. And I‟ve made so many

friends here, I can‟t wait to come back again.‟

1. Where would you find this text?

A. In a newspaper. C. In a list of jobs for actors.

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B. In a history book. D. In a travel guide.

2. In her present role at the Kentwell Re-Creation, Sally

A. performs in a theatre. C. works as a waiter.

B. helps to prepare food. D. used her musical skills.

3. When Sally takes part in the Kentwell Re-Creation, she

A. enjoys making people laugh. C. has to talk in a special way.

B. is embarrassed by her costume. D. misses modern technology.

4. What might Sally write on a postcard to a friend?

A. Come and see me at Kentwell for the day. But you must wear a Tudor costume.

B. Why don‟t you apply for the Kentwell Re-Creation next year? It‟s fantastic fun!

C. This will be my last time at Kentwell. Speaking old-fashioned English is just too difficult.

D. The professional actors here get paid more than we do, but they‟re great to work with.

Task 3: Read the text about an underwater camera and questions below. For each question, circle the correct answer, A, B, C

or D.

Digital underwater camera mask

Hardly anyone uses a film camera any more, but I often bought the single-use, underwater kind for holidays. However,

even that may soon disappear with the appearance of this unusual type of camera in the shops. To see how good it is, I spent

an afternoon under water with a couple of friends, in my neighbour‟s pool.

The camera was easy to use, but felt a little heavier than a normal swimming mask. There are large, colourful buttons for

taking the pictures and starting or stopping the video. The camera cleverly turns off after two minutes if you don‟t use it,

which should help save batteries. It comes with some rather unnecessary software which never reached my CD-drive.

The camera works to a depth of about five metres, and this is plenty for most swimmers. There‟s no flash, which could

be a problem for cloudy days in a dark ocean, but didn‟t matter to us in the swimming pool. Also, it needs about a second

between photos, so you might miss some of those fast-moving fish. However, my toughest challenge was learning how to

aim. In the beginning I kept taking photos of people‟s feet instead of their faces! All in all though, this is a great camera and

one I‟d happily recommend.

1. What is the writer doing in this text?

A. Writing a review of a new product. C. Explaining the advantages of digital cameras.

B. Suggesting improvements to a product. D. Describing photos he took on holiday.

2. What did the writer especially like about the camera?

A. the software that came with it. C. the way the large, colourful buttons were designed.

B. the fact that it isn‟t too heavy. D. the fact that it stops working when not in use.

3. Which of the following would the writer say about the camera?

A. It made me quite angry that I had to wait so long between pictures.

B. It was a real shame that I couldn‟t use the camera in dark conditions.

C. The most difficult thing was getting exactly the picture I wanted.

D. I was very disappointed that I couldn‟t take the camera deeper than five metres.

Task 4: Read the text and questions below. For each question, circle the correct answer, A, B, C or D.

Yell!

My name‟s John Martin. Last summer, I went to London to meet Lorna Black, the head of an organisation that makes

sure the voices of young people are heard. As a school student, I was invited to join the judges for a competition called

„Yell!‟. The people who entered had to create an artwork – a picture, a film or a photo – showing one of the problems that

young people face in society today.

Although Lorna and her colleagues had managed to select 30 finalists from the 3,000 entries, it was still really difficult to

choose the winners. Of course I wanted the best entry to succeed, but I also didn‟t want to disappoint anyone. Judging the

younger age group was particularly hard because, having a younger sister, I know how upset kids can get if they don‟t win.

The panel of four judges consisted of myself, Ali Lewis, lead singer of the band Popart, Helen Rivera, art designer of a

daily newspaper, and Victor Staton, editor of a magazine for young people. I didn‟t always agree with their opinions, but it

was a great challenge to work beside them as an equal, and an experience I will never forget.

1. What is the writer doing in this text?

A. Inviting young people to judge a competition.

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B. Encouraging school students to enter a competition.

C. Encouraging school students to enter a competition.

D. Describing his role in a competition.

2. Lorna Black works for an organisation that

A. makes films about young people. C. deals with young people‟s problems.

B. makes sure young people are listened to. D. organises societies for young people.

3. The writer found his job difficult because

A. he felt sorry for the losers. C. there were too many finalists.

B. all the entries were so good. D. he wanted his sister to win.

4. What would the writer say about the judges?

A. There weren‟t any disagreements, despite the difference in our ages.

B. I felt that they looked down on me and didn‟t understand me.

C. They respected my opinions even though I was the youngest.

D. They were all experts so I wasn‟t able to say what I really thought.

Reading part 5

MULTIPLE-CHOICE CLOZE

In this part, you read a short text with ten gaps and an example. After the text, there are ten multiple-choice questions with

four options for each gap. This part tests mainly vocabulary, but also some grammatical points.

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Tips

- Before answering any questions, read through the text to understand the topic and general meaning.

- Go back to the beginning of the text and study the example.

- Start with the first gap. Read the complete sentence to make sure you choose the correct option. Think whether the word

you have chosen fits grammatically, i.e. does it go well with the words that follow? Try the other three options in the gap

to make sure they do not fit.

- When you have completed all the answers, read the whole text again to check that it makes sense.

- Transfer your answers carefully on to Answer Sheet 1, Part Five.

Practice

Task 1 Complete the holiday blog with these quantifiers.

much a few many a couple of some a little

This is a picture of me in my favourite café. It was only (0) a few minutes’ walk from our hotel and we spent (1) ___________ happy evenings there – nearly every evening, in fact! I had a really fantastic atmosphere, and the food was delicious. (2) ___________ times a week, usually on Fridays and Saturdays, a live band played and everyone could dance. They had (3) ___________ computers there too, so I could spend (4) ___________ time during the evening checking my emails. I had so (5) ________________ fun there, I’m really looking forward to going back.

Task 2 Choose the correct words to complete the email.

To: Colin

Subject: Swimming

Hi Colin,

Sorry, I‟d like to come swimming with you but I help/ am helping Dad in the garden today. Why not

come to dinner with us on Sunday instead? We usually (1) have/ are having our meal at midday at

weekends, but at the moment we (2) eat/ are eating later because it‟s so hot. We can have a barbecue!

By the way, I (3) use/ are using my sister‟s mobile because mine (4) needs/ is needing a new battery.

Give me a call – you (5) know/ are knowing the number, don‟t you?

Josh

Task 3 Complete the emails with one of the modals. There may be more than one right answer.

should may might could

To: Hal

Subject: Birthday party

Hi Tim,

Well, I think the most important thing is to buy lots of food and drink. You (1) ___________ not need it all, but at least you won’t run out. Also, you (2)

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___________ have plenty of things for people to do. Maybe you (3) ___________ put up a volleyball net in the garden, or set up some board games in the living room. Another thing is to make sure you’ve got enough places for people to sit. You (4) ___________ find that more people turn up at your party than you expected! Oh, and don’t let people bring their own CDs – you (5) ________________ not share their taste in music!

Have fun!

Hal

Task 4 John is at university in London. He is staying in a student flat. Complete his email to his friend with so, such, too or

enough.

London‟s Ok, but I‟m staying in (0) such an awful room, it‟s (1) ___________ cold I have to wear my hat

and gloves all the time. The curtains are (2) ___________ thin to keep the light out and my duvet isn‟t thick

(3) ___________ to keep me warm at night. There‟s (4) ___________ a big gap under the door that the

wind blows in and there‟s never (5) ___________ hot water for a shower. And the rent is (6) ___________

high that I can‟t even afford to buy an extra blanket. Thank goodness I‟m moving next week!

Task 5: Fill in the gaps with the given words. One has been done for you.

aperitif bill book courses dessert

rare starter tip well-done main

EATING OUT

If you are planning to eat out in a restaurant you often have to (1) ___________ a table, especially if it‟s a popular place to

eat. In most restaurants you usually have three (2) ___________. You start with a(n) (3) ___________ (e.g. soup), then you

have the (4) ___________ course or dish (e.g. steak or chicken), and you can finish with a(n) (5) ___________ (e.g. ice

cream or fruit salad). If you like you may also have a(n) (6) ___________ (e.g. gin and tonic) before the meal and coffee or

tea after the meal. If you have steak you can ask to have it (7) ___________, medium or (8) ___________. When you are

ready to pay, you ask for the (9) ___________ and sometimes you also have a(n) (10) ___________ for the waiter – 10% is

usually enough.

Task 6 Read the text and choose the correct word for each space.

GLASTONBURY FESTIVAL – GET IN FOR FREE!

Glastonbury Festival will (0) ___________ place from Wednesday 26th

to Sunday 30th

June. (1) ___________, all stewards

must be there on Tuesday 25th

June to (2) ___________ time for team meetings.

Stewards work there eight-hour periods between the Wednesday and Sunday of the festival, one of (3) ___________ will

probably be at night. Most of the stewards work at the entrance gates – either for vehicles or for (4) ___________. You may

be asked to do other duties to help (5) ________________ the Festival a success, for example giving (6) ________________

programmes. A private campsite with toilets and hot showers is provided. We (7) ___________ provide five free meals and

(8) ___________ free tea and coffee.

This year, all stewards will receive training before the festival begins. (9) ___________ of the training will be sent soon, (10)

___________ you of when and where it will happen.

1. A. Since B. Because of C. However D. Before

2. A. allow B. let C. remain D. stay

3. A. which B. whose C. that D. what

4. A. travellers B. pedestrians C. drivers D. passengers

5. A. become B. find C. have D. make

6. A. back B. in C. out D. up

7. A. also B. too C. either D. again

8. A. unknown B. uncontrolled C. unlimited D. unchecked

9. A. Notes B. Information C. Ideas D. Details

10. A. sending B. teaching C. saying D. informing

Task 7 Read the text and choose the correct word for each space.

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The Royle Family

There are six stars in this TV comedy series: parents Jim and Barbara Royle, (0) their children Denise and Antony, Barbara‟s

mum Nana, and Denise‟s husband Dave. They are (1) ___________of the most popular families on TV.

The programmes are always (2) ___________ in Jim and Barbara‟s living room, where everyone sits on the sofa in front of

the television, Jim, who hasn‟t (3) ___________ a living for years, laughs at his own (4) ___________and is lazy and rude I

(5) ________________ to Nana. It‟s his hard-working wife, Barbara, who is in (6) ________________ of things. She also

defends their son Antony against the other family (7) ___________, who seem to think he is their servant.

Daughter Denise is just as lazy (8) ___________ her father, and she‟s spoilt too. She (9) ___________ to get her husband

Dave to do everything for her. (10) ___________ both Denise and Nana have their own houses, they never seem to spend

any time there.

0. A. their B. his C. its D. her

1. A. some B. all C. one D. many

2. A. put B. kept C. set D. had

3. A. earned B. worked C. employed D. managed

4. A. words B. fun C. jokes D. acts

5. A. really B. surely C. fairly D. especially

6. A. turn B. charge C. case D. advance

7. A. members B. people C. colleagues D. partners

8. A. as B. like C. so D. than

9. A. achieves B. persuades C. succeeds D. manages

10. A. Whether B. Although C. Yet D. Despite

Task 8 Read the text and choose the correct word for each space.

Agyness Deyn

The model Agyness Deyn was born Laura Hollins (0) on 16 February 1983. Many people (1) ___________ her to be the next

great supermodel of the fashion (2) ___________. The unusual (3) ___________ of her hair and brightly-coloured clothes

make her stand out from the crowd. Unlike many (4) ___________ models, Agyness doesn‟t only appear in public (5)

________________ the latest fashions. She likes to (6) ________________ fun with her clothes, and the way she dresses (7)

___________ that she is a lively and creative person.

At the age of fourteen, she began working in a fish and chop shop in Manchester. Two years later, she moved to London,

where she worked in a burger bar (8) ___________ the daytime and at a night club in the evenings. When she was eighteen,

she (9) ___________ with a model agency called Models 1. Her best friend is the designer Henry Holland, (10)

___________ used to be a customer of hers at the fish and chip shop. She is now the „face‟ of his company.

0. A. on B. by C. in D. at

1. A. say B. consider C. see D. suggest

2. A. company B. firm C. industry D. organisation

3. A. shape B. design C. form D. style

4. A. other B. extra C. further D. additional

5. A. showing B. wearing C. using D. having

6. A. have B. make C. do D. take

7. A. tells B. shows C. says D. displays

8. A. since B. until C. during D. for

9. A. joined B. connected C. registered D. attended

10. A. which B. whose C. what D. who

Task 9 Read the text and choose the correct word for each space.

RAINFOREST ANIMALS

Scientists believe that rainforests (0) may be home to more than ten million different forms of wildlife. The largest group (1)

___________ of insects, which climb or fly easily from tree to tree. Most people are familiar (2) ___________ colourful

parrots, but they are only one part of the total bird (3) ___________, which goes from tiny hummingbirds to huge toucans.

Many rainforest animals have developed for living in the treetops. Some monkeys have thin webs of skin between their legs

that (4) ___________ them to almost fly between (5) ________________. Others have long, strong tails, like an (6)

________________ arm, so they can hang down to (7) ___________ pieces of fruit. (8) ___________ the weather is so hot

and damp during the day, most forest creatures are active during the (9) ___________ of darkness. And a large number of

animals, including great apes, big cats and (10) ___________ elephants, live on the forest floor.

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0. A. may B. can C. should D. would

1. A. keeps B. consists C. holds D. claims

2. A. with B. to C. of D. by

3. A. set B. company C. population D. society

4. A. let B. allow C. make D. admit

5. A. branches B. leaves C. flowers D. plants

6. A. accurate B. equal C. extra D. alive

7. A. contact B. achieve C. approach D. reach

8. A. Although B. When C. Since D. Unless

9. A. hours B. days C. seasons D. times

10. A. only B. almost C. hardly D. even

Task 10 Read the text and choose the correct word for each space.

Interview technique

Most people find the thought (0) of a job interview terrifying. However, it is important not to be too (1) ___________ on the

day, because this could (2) ___________ your chances of getting the job. The best (3) ___________ to beat the fear is to be

very well (4) ___________. Research everything you can about the company and the person who will be interviewing you.

This will help you feel more in (5) ________________ of the situation, and you will impress the interviewer with your

knowledge.

Find out your best route to the interview and make sure you know how (6) ________________ it will take you to get there.

Decide (7) ___________ you are going to wear the night before the interview. Choose something you feel comfortable in,

(8) ___________ which makes you look smart and successful. And finally, on arriving at the reception desk, (9)

___________ polite to the staff there. You never know whose opinion matters most in a company – after all, the

receptionist (10) ___________ be married to the person who is interviewing you!

0. A. of B. for C. by D. to

1. A. stressful B. terrible C. angry D. nervous

2. A. stop B. spoil C. hold D. break

3. A. means B. manner C. way D. system

4. A. prepared B. produced C. placed D. planned

5. A. power B. control C. rule D. influence

6. A. late B. far C. time D. long

7. A. what B. that C. why D. when

8. A. but B. despite C. except D. although

9. A. get B. stay C. be D. have

10. A. must B. might C. should D. would

Task 11 Read the text and choose the correct word for each space.

Heathrow Airport is one of the busiest (1) ___________ airports in the world. More than 90 (2) ___________ use

Heathrow to fly direct to about 200 (3) ___________ in 83 countries in the world. Every year Heathrow handles 450,000

international (4) ___________, at an average of 1,300 per day. This is more than one a minute from six o‟clock in the

morning till midnight. Almost 58,000 people (5) ________________ at Heathrow, that‟s the population of a small town.

There are around 75,000,000 (6) ________________ of baggage going through Heathrow each year and there are over

9,500 baggage (7) ___________ available for passengers – more than in any other airport. Passengers (8) ___________

26,000 cups of tea and 6,500 sandwiches at Heathrow every day and the duty-free (9) ___________ sell a bottle of whisky

every 7 seconds – that‟s more than 500 bottles an hour. The most common illness among passengers is heart attack. Around

40 people every year died in this way while (10) ___________ to or through Healthrow.

1. A. local B. international C. famous D. public

2. A. planes B. tourists C. airlines D. airports

3. A. destinations B. countries C. terminals D. runways

4. A. trips B. journeys C. airplanes D. flights

5. A. fly B. work C. travel D. board

6. A. suitcases B. bags C. bits D. pieces

7. A. buses B. baskets C. collectors D. trolleys

8. A. drink B. eat C. buy D. sell

9. A. shops B. points C. corners D. trolleys

10. A. arriving B. travelling C. landing D. commuting

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Task 12 Read the text and choose the correct word for each space.

The weather (1) ___________ for noon tomorrow:

The temperatures will be generally (2) ___________ in Scotland and the north of England, but will be (3) ___________

zero in the rest of the country. There will be (4) ___________ rain in Scotland, moving into northern England later in the

afternoon. Wales and the South West will be cloudy with (5) ________________ intervals and with (6) ________________

of up to 15miles an hour. The South East will be (7) ___________ and foggy but it will become (8) ___________ and

dry later. The rest of England will be cloudy with a few (9) ___________ and even some snow in inland areas. In

Northern Ireland, (10) ___________ will be just above zero.

1. A. news B. preview C. forecast

2. A. big B. high C. above

3. A. more B. under C. below

4. A. heavy B. strong C. much

5. A. warm B. sunny C. clear

6. A. temperatures B. rain C. winds

7. A. sunny B. wet C. drizzle

8. A. clear B. rainy C. damp

9. A. showers B. intervals C. rain

10. A. winds B. temperatures C. thunderstorms

Task 13 Read the text and choose the correct word for each space.

If you travel to London by train you can (1) ___________ your ticket at the local train station using a (2) ___________. At

certain times of the day there is a discount on the (3) ___________ so you can sometimes get a(n) (4) ___________ ticket.

It‟s a good idea to have plenty of (5) ________________ with you so that you can use it to (6) ________________ for

your underground ticket from a machine when you arrive in London. If you don‟t have the correct (7) ___________ you

will probably have to queue a the ticket office. Of course you can also go to London by coach. This is not as (8)

___________ as the train, although it takes longer. The driver can (9) ___________ you a ticket, and it doesn‟t cost

(10) ___________ to travel at busy times of day.

1. A. sell B. buy C. win D. pay

2. A. receipt B. cheque C. credit card D. change

3. A. fare B. ticket C. cost D. bill

4. A. economical B. single C. expensive D. cheap

5. A. money B. change C. currency D. exchange

6. A. earn B. save C. cost D. pay

7. A. ticket B. money C. currency D. total

8. A. cheaper B. more money C. expensive D. more

9. A. buy B. sell C. offer D. lend

10. A. money B. anything C. extra D. cheap

Task 14 Read the text and choose the correct word for each space.

If you are an adult aged 18 or more you are welcome to (1) ___________ our international Summer Course in English

Language. We (2) ___________ the course between Saturday June 29th

and Saturday August 17th

. You can enroll for a course

of two weeks or more at any time during this period. The course will take place on the premises of one of the oldest (3)

___________ in Oxford University. It stands in the centre of the University area and has two hundred and ninety

undergraduates and one hundred and sixty graduate students during the (4) ___________ year.

During the course you will (5) ________________ fifteen classroom hours per week learning English as a foreign language.

You will also have an hour session per week (6) ________________ British culture and history. There will be a maximum of

twelve students per class. On the first Monday of the course we will (7) ___________ you a test and interview in order to

place you in an appropriate level of class.

During the course you will be given all the teaching material and you will be able to (8) ___________ the college‟s Internet

facilities. You will mostly practice your speaking and listening (9) ___________ while your class teacher and the director of

studies monitor you on an individual basis. When you complete the course successfully you will receive a (10) ___________

of attendance.

1. A. take B. have C. study D. learn

2. A. participate B. attend C. offer D. start

3. A. colleges B. schools C. universities D. classrooms

4. A. school B. calendar C. academic D. teaching

5. A. access B. learn C. be D. have

6. A. learning B. studying C. teaching D. practising

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7. A. give B. write C. take D. pass

8. A. practice B. borrow C. use D. join

9. A. ability B. skills C. knowledge D. results

10. A. degree B. diploma C. licence D. certificate

Task 15 Read the text and choose the correct word for each space.

The right dog for you

Buying a dog is a very big responsibility and one of the (1) ___________ important decisions that any family has to make. A

dog is for (2) ___________ and it will become your concern for the next ten years at least. Before you rush into getting one,

consider first if and how it will fit into your lifestyle and what you can give it in return. Being a dog (3) ___________ can be

extremely rewarding. But don‟t forget that your furry friend will need regular (4) ___________, feeding, grooming and most

of all companionship. You must be ready to set aside some time every day to look after it and (5) ________________ with it.

When we (6) ________________ a dog into our family we want it to be liked by everyone who comes to our home, whether

they are friends, our children‟s friends or visitors on business. We don‟t want our new family (7) ___________ to be

annoying to us or anyone else either in the car or when we are (8) ___________ it for a walk in the street or in the

countryside. Our dogs have to (9) ___________ good behaviour and we have to teach them. We should use a lot of repetition,

we should watch our for instinctive behaviour which we must control, and we should teach the dog to trust us. We must try to

understand (10) ___________ the dog‟s senses work and find a way to control them.

1. A. more B. very much C. most D. much

2. A. now B. living C. life D. always

3. A. buyer B. lover C. companion D. owner

4. A. exercise B. food C. game D. treatment

5. A. train B. play C. teach D. exercise

6. A. grow B. buy C. take D. own

7. A. animal B. member C. creature D. visitor

8. A. bringing B. getting C. taking D. letting

9. A. learning B. be C. educate D. behave

10. A. if B. when C. which D. now

Task 16: Read the text and choose the correct word for each space.

At the Open University, you get as much support as you personally need. (1) _______ you haven‟t studied for a while, we‟ll

help you get started. And (2) _______ if you have, you still be glad to know that help is always there for you. All you need

have is an enthusiasm for your studies (3) _______ a willingness to learn. We have 13 local offices around the UK (4)

_______ we will put you in touch with your nearest OU centre from the start. You‟ll (5) _______ have a personal tutor who

is a specialist in the subject you want to study. You can talk over the phone, face to face, via email (6) _______ computer

conference. As the course progresses, you can meet and exchange ideas with other students (7) _______. Your tutor will give

you regular guidance and assessment (8) _______ you will know how your studies are getting on and you will feel sure about

how much you progress. Remember, (9) _______ you join the OU, you‟re never alone – more students register every year

with the OU(10) _______ with any other UK university.

1. A. But B. If C. After D. So

2. A. when B. although C. even D. or

3. A. and B. so C. also D. than

4. A. but B. because C. when D. so

5. A. although B. also C. when D. only

6. A. as well B. only C. even D. or

7. A. as well B. even C. than D. after

8. A. because B. although C. so D. but

9. A. before B. when C. even D. like

10. A. also B. only C. than D. and

Task 17: Complete the letter with the given verbs. Put them in the right form, to + infinitive or –ing; use two of the verbs

twice.

become bring change come drive (x 2) learn work

leave let meet see (x 2) slow tell write

Dear Charlotte,

Thank you for your lovely letter. It was great to hear from you. My news is that I‟ve decided (1) ___________ jobs. I finish

(2) ___________ at Thompsons in two weeks and I am starting with my new company on 1st April. Thompsons didn‟t want

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me (3) ___________ but Martins, the new company, offered me more money and more prospects for a career. I hope (4)

___________ a manager in less than a year.

By the way, I forgot (5) ________________ you that I‟m learning (6) ________________. You see, I am going to drive a lot

around the country and the company offered (7) ___________ me use one of their cars. It wasn‟t easy at first because I

wanted (8) ___________ everything quickly. My teacher said I was a bit dangerous on the road and advised me (9)

___________ down. Now I even enjoy (10) ___________!

Well, I‟m having a party on the 23rd

and I‟d love (11) ___________ you. Most people won‟t be there before 9.00 but if you

feel like (12) ___________ earlier you‟re very welcome. And you must promise (13) ___________ your new boyfriend! I

would really like (14) ___________ him.

I‟ve got to stop (15) ___________ now and rush off to work.

Looking forward to (16) ___________ you on the 23rd

.

Lots of love

Anne

Task 18 Read the text and choose the correct word for each space.

“Welcome to Funway Sports Camp. Before you spilt (1) _______ groups, let me give you some information (2) _______ the

plans for this week. During your time here you take part (3) _______ twelve different sports activities. (4) _______ the

mornings there is a planned programme, but we offer you a choice (5) _______ afternoon activities. You need to sign a list

before midday today, saying which sport you are interested (6) _______. You will see the list of activities (7) _______ the

wall just as you come (8) _______ the changing rooms. Now, clothes. You can wear your tracksuit (9) _______ most sports

but remember to bring sports and a T-shirt as well in case it‟s too hot. Make sure you have two pairs of sports shoes (10)

_______ you, too.”

1. A. from B. into C. out of D. at

2. A. for B. to C. about D. of

3. A. into B. on C. at D. in

4. A. On B. In C. At D. From

5. A. of B. for C. from D. about

6. A. about B. in C. for D. after

7. A. in B. on C. over D. at

8. A. on B. up C. below D. out of

9. A. with B. for C. in D. about

10. A. on B. for C. with D. from

WRITING PART 1

TRANSFORMATION

I. Introduction

- In part I you are asked to read five sentences and rewrite them. The beginning of each sentence is written for

you. You must complete the new sentence so that it has the same meaning as the first sentence. All the five sentences are

about the same subject. You can you the exam paper for your rough answer, but you must write your final answer on your

answer sheet

- Test requirement:

Writing Part 1

Questions 1 – 5

Here are some sentences about a café.

For each question, complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first.

Use no more than three words.

Write only the missing words on the answer sheet.

II. Grammar required:

1. Tenses

2. Passive voice

3. Indirect speech

4. Conditionals

5. Relative clauses

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6. Infinitives

7. Gerunds

8. Adjectives, adverbs, comparison

9. Modifiers

10. Articles

11. Modal verbs

12. Nouns

13. Conjunctions

14. Phrasal verbs

III. Tips

- Spell correctly

- Write no more than three words.

IV. Practice 1:

Exercise 1:

There are a lot of ways of saying the same thing. Find sentences in this advertisement which has

the same meaning as sentences 1 – 10.

SUN AND SEA HOLIDAY FLATS

This block of flat was built five years ago. It has four floors, with four large flats on each floor. All the flats on the upper

floors can be reached by lift.

Each flat has a living room, two bedrooms, kitchen and bathroom. There is also a small store room which can be used as an

extra bedroom.

All the flats have air-conditioning. Some have central heating during the winter months. Tenants have a choice between gas

and electric cookers in the kitchens. New up-to-date showers were installed in all the bathrooms last year. Flats can be rented

weekly, fortnightly or monthly. It is not possible to rent a flat for less than a week. The rent for flats with a sea view is higher.

There is a manager in attendance. The manager‟s office is in the entrance hall on the ground floor of the building.

Example:

1. Tenants can choose between gas and electric cookers in the kitchen.

Tenants have a choice between gas and electric cookers in the kitchens

2. You can also use the small store room as an extra bedroom.

_______________________________________________________________________

3. They built the flat five years ago.

_______________________________________________________________________

4. During the winter months, there is central heating in some of the flats.

_______________________________________________________________________

5. There are four floors, with four large flats on each floor in the block.

_______________________________________________________________________

6. Last year the owners installed new up-to-date showers in all the bathrooms.

_______________________________________________________________________

7. You cannot rent a flat for less than a week.

_______________________________________________________________________

8. The manager has an office in the entrance hall on the ground floor.

_______________________________________________________________________

9. The flats which do not have a sea view are cheaper to rent.

_______________________________________________________________________

10. If you take the lift, you can reach all the flats on the upper floor.

Exercise 2

Sometimes you can change sentences by changing a verb to a noun or a noun to a verb.

E.g.: There is a choice for buyers between two bedrooms and three bedrooms. (noun)

Buyers can choose between two bedrooms and three bedrooms.

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Complete this table of verbs and nouns.

Verb Noun Verb Noun Verb Noun

choose choice advise Advice move

correct announce weigh

success improve pronounce

attract Practice direct

meaning develop inform

describe invasion depart

invite meet educate

Exercise 3

Now change these sentences by using a verb or noun. The first one has been done for you.

1. He gave a description of his house in a letter.

His letter described his new house.

2. The flats were advertised in the local newspaper.

There was _____________________________________________________

3. They received some advice from their neighbours.

Their neighbours ________________________________________________

4. The weight of the package is 2.5 kilograms.

The package _____________________________________________________.

5. There was an announcement about the winners.

Somebody ______________________________________________________.

6. They discussed the problem for three hours.

Their __________________________________________________________.

7. He received part of his education in France.

He was _________________________________________________________.

8. There‟s going to be a new development.

Something new is _________________________________________________.

Exercise 4

Here are some sentences about a woman who works as a party organizer. For each question, complete the second sentence so

that it means the same as the first.

Use no more than three words.

E.g.: Kate Elkin left school without any qualifications.

When Kate Elkin left school, she _________ have any qualifications.

1. She worked in a shop that sold things for parties.

She had a _________ in a shop that sold things for parties.

2. One day, a customer asked Kate to help her organize a party.

One day, a customer said „Can _________ organize a party?”

3. Kate and the woman spent the several weeks planning the party.

It took Kate and the woman several weeks _________ the party.

4. The party was so good that the woman recommended Kate to all her friends.

It was _________ good party that the woman recommended Kate to all her friends.

5. Now Kate is the most popular party organizer in London.

Now Kate is _________ than any other party organizer in London.

Exercise 5

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Here are some sentences about how one school is helping the environment. For each question, complete the second sentence

so that it means the same as the first.

Use no more than three words.

0. At our school we try our best to help the environment.

At our school we do our best to help the environment.

1. Many children walk to school instead of coming by car.

Many children come to school on ________ instead of coming by car.

2. Kitchen staff throw away less food than they used to.

Kitchen staff don‟t throw away ________ food as they used to.

3. Children bring drinks in re-usable bottles.

Children bring drinks in bottles that they can ______ again.

4. In the playground, there are special bins for drinks cans.

The playground ______ special bins for drinks cans.

5. We can help to protect the environment if we all work together.

We can‟t help to protect the environment ______ we all work together.

Exercise 6

Here are some sentences about someone‟s career. For each question, complete the second sentence so that it means the same

as the first.

Use no more than three words.

0. Matt started working in the film industry when he was 18.

Matt had worked in the film industry since he was 18.

1. Matt directed his first film when he was 22 years old.

Matt directed his film at _______________ of 22.

2. Matt wasn‟t given much time to make the film by the producers.

The producers _______________ Matt much time to make the film.

3. Matt said that lots of things had gone wrong during filming.

Matt said, „Lots of things_______________ wrong during filming.‟

4. Making the film was much harder than Matt had expected.

Making the film wasn‟t as _______________ Matt had expected.

5. The film got good reviews, but it didn‟t make much money.

The film got good reviews even _______________ it didn‟t make much money.

Exercise 7

Here are some sentences about a skiing holiday. For each question, complete the second sentence so that it means the same as

the first.

Use no more than three words.

0. It was Leah‟s first skiing holiday.

Leah had never _____________ on a skiing holiday before.

1. On Leah‟s first day, the ski slopes were covered with thick snow.

On Leah‟s first day, thick snow ____________ the ski slopes.

2. It took Leah the whole morning to learn how to stop.

Leah had spent the whole morning_______________ how to stop.

3. Leah had lunch and then she tried the ski-lift.

Leah didn‟t try the ski-lift _______________ she‟d had lunch.

4. Leah often fell over, which she found annoying.

Leah was ___________________ because she fell over so often.

5. The instructor said the first three days would be the most difficult.

The instructor said, „The first three days ________________ the most difficult.‟

Exercise 8

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Here are some sentences about a café. For each question, complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the fist.

Use no more than three words.

0. Shall we have lunch at the new café in the square?

What _______________________ lunch at the new café in the square?

1. The café is called Amazing Taste.

The name _____________________ is Amazing Taste.

2. I haven‟t been here before.

This is the first time I __________________ here.

3. All the food is cooked by the café owner.

The café owner ____________________ all the food.

4. My friend told me it was cheap enough for students.

My friend told me it wasn‟t __________________ for students.

5. He recommended the soup of the day.

He said I ____________________ try the soup of the day.

Exercise 9

Here are some sentences about language courses. For each question, finish the second sentence so that it means the same as

the fist. Write only the missing words.

0. The one-week course costs less than the three-week course.

The one-week course isn‟t as expensive as the three-week course.

1. “How much does it cost to register for the French course?” she asked the secretary.

She asked the secretary _____________________________________________.

2. There are three different French courses in the college.

The college ______________________________________________________.

3. Most students are frightened of speaking French.

Speaking French __________________________________________________.

4. Placement tests are taken by students when they arrive.

Students ________________________________________________________.

5. It isn‟t necessary to pay fees in advance.

You ____________________________________________________________.

Exercise 10

Here are some sentences about travelling. For each question, finish the second sentence so that it means the same as the fist.

Write only the missing words.

0. Remember to take your house keys with you!

Don‟t forget to take your house keys with you!

1. Last year‟s holiday was more expensive than this year‟s.

This year‟s holiday_________________________________________.

2. Shall we travel by air?

What about ______________________________________________?

3. You can buy your tickets in advance.

Tickets can _______________________________________________.

4. Why don‟t you rent a villa?

If I were you, _____________________________________________.

5. They spent three hours on the ferry.

They were on _____________________________________________.

Exercise 11

Here are some sentences about health. For each question, finish the second sentence so that it means the same as the fist.

Write only the missing words.

0. Vitamins are necessary for good health.

You need vitamins for good health.

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1. “I haven‟t got time to take regular exercise,” she said.

She said ________________________________________________.

2. Doctors say that we should be careful about what we eat.

Doctors advise us ________________________________________.

3. Talk to your doctor before you start an exercise program.

Don‟t start an exercise program until ________________________.

4. Fruit is not as fattening as ice cream.

Ice cream ______________________________________________.

5. Vitamin A is said to help you see in the dark.

People say that __________________________________________.

Exercise 12

Here are some sentences about films. For each question, finish the second sentence so that it means the same as the fist. Write

only the missing words.

0. The film was so funny that everybody cried with laughter.

It was such a funny film that everyone cried with laughter.

1. “Have you seen any of Spielberg‟s recent films?” she said.

She asked __________________________________________________.

2. Maybe we could go and see a film tonight.

How about _________________________________________________.

3. I like horror films, but I like comedies better.

I prefer ____________________________________________________.

4. „Monty Python and the Holy Grail‟ is the funniest film I‟ve ever seen.

I‟ve never __________________________________________________.

5. Where did they film „Anna and the King‟?

Where was _________________________________________________?

Exercise 13

Here are some sentences about schools. For each question, finish the second sentence so that it means the same as the fist.

Write only the missing words.

0. We were given a difficult exam by our teacher yesterday.

Our teacher ___________________________________________________.

1. I may do well in the exam, in which case I will study English at university.

If ___________________________________________ English at university.

2. My teacher told me I was good at languages.

My teacher said „You ____________________________________________.‟

3. I found French difficult when I was younger.

I used __________________________________ when I was younger.

4. School isn‟t as much fun as university.

University _____________________________________________________.

5. Children must go to school until they are 16 years old.

Children have ___________________________________ until they are 16 years old.

Exercise 14

For each question below, complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first.

a. It‟s a long time since they saw Jack.

They ________________________ Jack for a long time.

b. This is the first time I‟ve been surfing.

I ______________________ surfing before.

c. We went to the supermarket this morning.

We _______________________ to the supermarket already.

d. There was nobody at the party when I arrived.

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By the time I arrived at the party everybody ____________________ home.

e. No one in the class is taller than Claudia.

Claudia is ____________________ person in the class.

f. Swimming in a pool isn‟t as good as swimming in the sea.

Swimming in the sea ____________________ swimming in a pool.

g. Is he the oldest person in the world?

Is anyone in the world ___________________ is?

h. He saw what the letter said, then burned it.

After he _____________ what the letter said, he burned it.

Exercise 15

For a – e, complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first. Use no more than three words.

a. They sell digital cameras in the electrical store.

Digital cameras ________________ in the electrical store.

b. They grow olives in countries like Greece and Italy.

Olives ________________ in countries like Greece and Italy.

c. People in China invented the first paper.

The first paper __________________ in China.

d. Millions of people watch the World Cup every four years.

The World Cup _________________ millions of people every four years.

e. Somebody stole ten computers from our school last night.

Ten computers ____________________ from our school last night.

Exercise 16

For a – h, complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first. Use no more than three words.

a. My sister is the best piano player in the family.

My sister plays the piano _________________ anyone else in the family.

b. I speak French worse than you.

I don‟t speak French as _________________________ you.

c. “Turn off your mobile!”

The teacher told the student _________________________ his phone.

d. “Would you like a cup of coffee?”

She asked me _________________________ like a cup of coffee.

e. “Where are you going?”

Mum asked _________________________ was going.

f. Ten years ago my dad worked in a bank.

My dad _________________________ work in a bank.

g. If you plant seeds, they grow.

Seeds _________________________ if you plant them.

h. Somebody is fixing my laptop at the moment.

I _________________________ my laptop fixed at the moment.

Exercise 17

Here are five sentences about sports. Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first. Use no more than

three words.

a. The weather was too bad for sailing.

The weather wasn‟t good _________________________ for sailing.

b. I prefer running to playing team games.

I like running _________________________ playing team games.

c. If you don‟t do sport every week, you won‟t get fit.

You won‟t get fit _________________________ you do sport every week.

d. I had tennis lessons because I wanted to improve my game.

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I wanted to improve my game _________________________ I had tennis lessons.

e. When I was ten, I loved playing football.

I _________________________ love playing football when I was ten.

Exercise 18

For a – h, complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first. Use no more than three words.

a. It‟s a long time since I played basketball.

I _________________________ basketball for a long time.

b. They‟ve just won the match.

They _________________________ the match a few minutes ago.

c. Our team needs to score a goal!

Our team _________________________ a goal yet.

d. I don‟t know how to play rugby.

I _________________________ rugby before.

e. I last went snowboarding in 2002.

I _________________________ snowboarding since 2002.

f. She‟s already been for a run today.

She _________________ for a run earlier today.

g. She didn‟t pass her driving test yesterday.

She _________________________ her driving test yet.

h. He moved to London many years ago.

He _________________________ in London for a long time.

Exercise 19

There are 7 questions in this quiz. Here are some questions about music. For each question, complete the second sentence so

that it means the same as the first sentence. Use no more than three words.

1. I haven‟t been to a concert for a long time.

It's a long time since __________________ a concert.

2. Why don't you learn a musical instrument?

If I were you, __________________ learn a musical instrument.

3. If you don't practise the piano every day, you won't improve.

You won't improve unless __________________ the piano every day.

4. There are only a few concerts this month.

There aren't very __________________ concerts this month.

5. This room is too small for us to play music in.

This room isn't __________________ for us to play music in.

6. I prefer playing the guitar to playing the piano.

I like playing the guitar __________________ playing the piano.

7. It took them a long time to decide which concert to go to.

They spent a long time __________________ which concert to go to.

8. The bus station is near the new shopping centre.

The bus station isn't __________________ the new shopping centre.

9. I've never been to this shop before.

This is __________________ I've been in this shop.

10. The choice of food here is not as good as in the market.

The choice of food in the market __________________ here.

11. There is late-night shopping on Thursday.

The shops __________________ on Thursday.

12. Shall we go into town this afternoon?

Would __________________ go into town this afternoon.

Exercise 20

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Read these sentences. Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first, using no more than three words.

a. The ring I bought was more expensive than the others in the shop.

I bought ________________________ ring in the shop.

b. The moon is smaller than the earth.

The moon is not ________________________ as the earth.

c. My brother is smaller than all the other boys in his class.

My brother is the ________________________ in his class.

d. Sailing is less tiring than windsurfing.

Sailing is not ________________________ windsurfing.

e. Children are given a quiz when they arrive at the museum.

The museum ________________________ children a quiz when they arrive.

f. I am driven to college every day by my sister.

My sister ________________________ me to college every day.

Exercise 21

Here are some sentences about a new flat. For each question, complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the

first, using no more than three words.

a. I have never lived in a flat before.

This is the first time _____________________________ in a flat.

b. My new flat is near the station.

My new flat is not _____________________________ the station.

c. The flat is bigger than my old one.

The flat is not _____________________________ my old one.

d. I moved into this flat two weeks ago.

I _____________________________ in this flat for two weeks.

e. The flat has two bedrooms.

There _____________________________ two bedrooms in the flat.

f. From my window, I have a lovely view.

From my window, the view _____________________________ lovely.

g. From this flat, my journey to work is very short.

I get to work very _____________________________ from this flat.

Exercise 22

Here are some sentences about a musical show. For each question, complete the second sentence so that it means the same as

the first, using no more than three words.

a. Tickets are sold in the box office until 8 p.m.

The box office _____________________________ tickets until 8 p.m.

b. There was such a tall man in front of me that I couldn‟t see very well.

The man in front of me was _____________________________ that I couldn‟t see very well.

c. The orchestra played too softly so it was difficult to hear the music.

The orchestra didn‟t play _____________________________ so it was difficult to hear the music.

d. Some of the performers were very good dancers indeed.

Some of the performers danced very _____________________________ indeed.

e. My favourite part was the last song.

The part I liked _____________________________ was the last song.

f. We should come to musicals more often.

We ought _____________________________ to musicals more often.

Exercise 23

Here are some sentences about daily routines. For each question, complete the second sentence so that it means the same as

the first, using no more than three words.

1. At the weekend I get up later than during the week.

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During the week I ___________________ than at the weekend.

2. The college where I study is quite near my apartment.

The college where I study isn‟t very __________________ my apartment.

3. Yesterday morning my friend Marco arrived before I finished breakfast.

Yesterday morning I was __________________________ breakfast when my friend Marco arrived.

4. Marco told me not to forget my tennis racket.

Marco said „____________________ forget your tennis racket.‟

5. We play tennis every Wednesday afternoon.

We play tennis once _________________ on Wednesday afternoons.

Exercise 24

Here are some sentences about food and drink. For each question, complete the second sentence so that it means the same as

the first, using no more than three words.

1. Your meal will get cold unless you eat it quickly.

Your meal will get cold if _____________________ eat it quickly.

2. The aubergine slices are deep-fried in olive oil for about a minute.

You _____________________ the aubergine slices in olive oil for about a minute.

3. The dish I like best is roast lamb with rice and fresh coconut.

My _______________________ dish is roast lamb with rice and fresh coconut.

4. The last time I ate seafood was four years ago.

I _______________ seafood for four years.

5. This curry is much spicier than the one you usually make.

The curry you usually make is not ______________________ this one.

Exercise 25

Here are some sentences about family and relationships. For each question, complete the second sentence so that it means the

same as the first, using no more than three words.

1. You needn‟t get on well with all your relatives.

You ______________________________ to get on well with all your relatives.

2. Some parents insist that their children tell them everything they do.

Some children ______________________ to tell their parents everything they do.

3. Melissa says she‟s not upset about living with her in-laws.

Melissa doesn‟t ______________________ with her in-laws.

4. Tom said he and Shelley had just got engaged.

Tom said „Shelley and I ____________________________ engaged.”

5. Tom knew Shelley for a year before they got engaged.

When Tom got engaged, he ________________________ Shelley for a year.

Exercise 26

Here are some questions about a family. For each question, complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the

first, using no more than three words.

E.g.: My brother is older than me. -> I am ___________________ than my brother.

1. My parents prefer jazz to classical music.

My parents think jazz __________________ than classical music.

2. My parents can only go swimming at the weekend.

On weekdays, my parents aren‟t _______________________ go swimming.

3. If I finish my homework, I can go out at the weekend.

I can‟t go out at the weekend _____________________ finish my homework.

4. My sister watches more TV than me.

I don‟t watch TV _____________________ my sister does.

5. My parents suggested going out for a meal. My parents said,

“Why __________________________ we go out for a meal?”

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Exercise 27

Here are some questions about learning a language. For each question, complete the second sentence so that it means the

same as the first, using no more than three words.

E.g.: I enjoyed learning languages at school. ->I used ________________ learning languages at school.

1. I went to France because I wanted to improve my French.

I wanted to improve my French __________________________ went to France.

2. I find speaking in a foreign language embarrassing.

I get ____________________________ when speaking in a foreign language.

3. I prefer speaking English to writing.

I like speaking English _______________________ writing it.

4. I was taught Italian by a very good teacher.

The teacher ___________________ taught me Italian was very good.

5. I‟m better at languages than any other subject.

Languages are my _________________ subject.

Exercise 28

Here are some questions about food. For each question, complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first,

using no more than three words.

E.g.: My parents asked me if I was eating well. My parents said to me, „______________ well?‟

1. Fish is better for you than meat.

Meat isn‟t ______________ for you as fish.

2. Snacks can be bought in the café.

You ___________________ in the café.

3. He can cook really well.

He‟s really _____________________ cooking.

4. There are only a few good restaurants in this area.

There aren‟t very _____________ good restaurants in this area.

5. It is a good idea to eat plenty of fruit and vegetables.

Everybody _______________________ plenty of fruit and vegetable.

Exercise 29

Here are some questions about emotions and experiences. For each question, complete the second sentence so that it means

the same as the first, using no more than three words.

1. Didn‟t you forgive John when he said he was sorry?

You _________________________ when he said he was sorry, didn‟t you?

2. You didn‟t think about Ann‟s feelings when you shouted at her like that.

It was very ___________________ of you to shout at Ann like that.

3. My colleagues said, „Why don‟t you apologise to her?‟

My colleague said, „If I ______________________, I‟d apologise to her.‟

4. I found most of the people at the party really boring.

I was really __________________ most of the people at that party.

5. If I wasn‟t so embarrassed, it would be possible to return the present.

I was so embarrassed I _____________________ return the present.

Exercise 30

Here are some questions about fame and success. For each question, complete the second sentence so that it means the same

as the first, using no more than three words.

1. Most of the people who train as singers don‟t become famous soloists.

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Only a ___________________ the people who train as singers become famous soloists.

2. None of the graduates from film school found jobs this year.

There were __________________________ jobs for the graduates from film school this year.

3. The stars couldn‟t get away from the journalists.

There was _________________________ for the stars to hide from the journalists.

4. The actor and the writer didn‟t expect to win Oscars.

The actor didn‟t expect to win and ____________________ the writer.

5. „My friend from school is the city‟s top tennis player,‟ my sister told me.

My sister said the city‟s top tennis player was a friend _______________________ from school.

Exercise 31

Here are some questions about a student who is living in a flat. For each question, complete the second sentence so that it

means the same as the first, using no more than three words.

E.g.: The flat is near my college. ->The flat is not ____________________ my college.

1. My friend told me that I could stay in his flat.

My friend said, „ You _____________________ my flat.‟

2. I started living here two months ago.

I have lived here _____________________ two months ago.

3. This is the first time I‟ve lived in a city.

I‟ve _______________________ in a city before.

4. The flat has two bedrooms.

There ________________________ in the flat.

5. My bedroom is too small for all my books.

My bedroom is not ____________________________ for all my books.

Exercise 32 Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first, using the words in bold.

1. He is responsible for the production department.

He is _____________________ the production department. charge

2. On my job I have to visit clients at their workplace.

My _____________________ clients at their workplace. involves

3. She retired early and wet to live on an island.

She took _______________________ and went to live on an island. retirement

4. I earn £25,000 a year.

My ________________________ £25,000 a year. income

5. She would prefer a job with regular working hours.

She would prefer a ____________________________ job. nine-to-five

6. He gets £25,000 from his teaching job and another £10,000 from writing.

His total ____________________________ £35,000. income

WRIITNG PART 2

Short communicative message (5 marks)

- Candidates are required to write postcard, a note or an email of about 35 – 45 words. The aim of the part is to test

their effective communication of key information.

- It‟s important to write something about all three points. Two points is NOT enough to get good marks.

Exercise 1:

A. Read the task and the answers A – C below, ignoring the spelling and punctuation mistakes. Which answers includes all

the required information?

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You are working as a volunteer in another country. Write an email to an English friend, Tom. In your email, you should

- tell him where you are

- describe what work you are doing

- suggest meeting in the future

Write 35 – 45 words.

Hi Tom

I‟m working as a volunteeer and I‟m having a fantastic time. Iv‟e met so many intresting people. Lets meet when I

next come to London. We could go for a meal or something.

See you soon!

Isallela

Hi Tom

Guess what? I‟m working as a volunteer, studying different plant forms here. I‟ll be here for about six months and

then Im meeting some friends in Rio de Janeiro.

hope to see you soon!

Carmen

Hi Tom

I‟m working as a volunteer in the Brazilian rainforest at the moment. I‟m involved in a project that studies different

species of bird. I‟m hear until september and then I‟m in England. Shall we meet in London some time!

Bye!

Jasmine

B. Find and correct three mistakes with spelling or punctuation in ech answer.

C. Write your own answer to the task above.

Exercise 2:

A. Read the task and Luis‟ answer. What extra information has Luis included? Find and cross out three unnecessary

sentences.

There is a documentary on TV tonight. Write an email to an English friend of yours. In your email you should

- explain when the documentary is on

- describe what it is about

- say why your friend should watch it

Write 35 – 45 words.

Hi Mark

There‟s a fascinating documentary on TV tonight, which starts at 9 o‟clock on Channel 3. There‟s also a good film on

the other side, but I don‟t think you should watch that. The documentary‟s about modern graffiti artists in the US. I‟m

not very interested in art myself. I know how much you love street art, so I think you should watch it!

See you soon! Hopefully you‟ll be at Suzie‟s party!

Luis

B. Write your own answer to the task above.

Exercise 3:

You have had an accident and can‟t go to your friend‟s party. Write a card to your friend. In your card, you should:

- describe how the accient happened

- say how you are now

- suggest when you could meet again

Write 35 – 45 words.

Exercise 4:

You are having a party. Write a card to your English friend, Belinda. In your card you should:

- explain why you are having the party

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- tell her when and where it is

- say who will be there

Write 35 – 45 words.

Exercise 5

You are going to move to a new homw. Write a card to your English friend, Carl. In your card, you should

- describe your new home

- say when you are moving

- invite Carl to visit

Write 35 – 45 words.

Exercise 6:

You have recently started a new hobby. Write an email to your English friend, Tim. In your email you should

- tell him what your new hobby is

- say why you enjoy it

- suggest a time and place to meet

Write 35 – 45 words.

Exercise 7

You are going to get a new pet. Write an email to your English friend, Alice. In your email you should

- tell her what pet you are going to get

- say why you chose it

- suggest when you could meet

Write 35 – 45 words.

Exercise 8:

You visited your English friend, Sarah, last week. Write an email to Sarah.

In your email, you should:

- thank her for having you

- tell her about your journey home

- suggest a time when she can visit you

Write 35 – 45 words.

WRITING PART 3

Question 7

I. Introduction:

- Allow about 20 – 25 minutes to write your story or letter.

- Stick to the question. You are asked to use about 100 words in your answer. If you write less than 80 words you

cannot get maximum marks; longer answers are not automatically given a lower mark, but they may contain

information that is not relevant to question.

1. Tips

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- Before your actual writing, do not write a full, rough copy – just make quick notes to plan your answer. Try to ask

yourself and answer some Wh- questions.

E.g. Read question below. Before you write the letter, think about what you‟re going to say:

- What‟s your pen friend‟s name?

- What‟s the name of the video?

- What‟s it about?

- Why would your pen friend like it?

Think about the closing sentence for your letter. Now, write your letter in about 100 words.

Part 3

Question 7

This is part of a letter you receive from an English pen friend.

I‟ve got a new video recorder and want to buy some videos. What‟s the best video you have seen recently? Do

you think I‟d like it?

Now write a letter, answering your pen friend‟s questions.

Write a letter on your answer sheet.

- Remember to use paragraphs in your writing. The organization should be:

o Para 1: Introductory sentence; say why you‟re writing

o Para 2: Give the information that the question asks for

o Para 3: Write a finishing sentence.

- Pay proper attention to punctuation and your handwriting. Make sure your handwriting is clear and easy to read.

2. Useful phrases for letters

Informal letters – greetings

o Dear Jim

o Hello Jim

o Hi Jim

Introductory sentences for letters

o How‟s it going?

o How are you?

o How are things (with you)?

o Thank you for your letter.

o It was good to receive your letter.

An informal letter referring to good news

o (I‟m really) Glad to hear about …

o I‟m really happy to hear about …

o I was very happy to read about …

o Great news about your …

An informal letter referring to bad news

o I‟m (very) sorry to hear about …

o Sorry to read about

Goodbye sentences for letters

o Well, time to go.

o Well, it‟s time to go.

o Well, got to go.

o Write soon.

o Make sure you write soon.

o Love.

o Lots of love.

o All my love.

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o Will write again soon.

3.Practice:

3.1. Read part of this letter from Marco. Then read Wen‟s reply and correct the mistakes with punctuation.

I‟ve just started doing a class in English. I‟ve met some great people and I‟ve learned a lot.

In your next letter, please tell me about your experience of learning English. What classes do you do? Do you enjoy

them?

dear marco

thanks for your letter it was great to hear from you you asked me to tell you about my experience of learning english

well at the moment im doing an english course at a language school and i have lessons twice a week we‟ve got an

american teacher and she‟s really nice

last summer i did a course at a language school in london i really enjoyed being there and i met lots of really

interesting people how are your family hope to hear from you soon

wen

Write your own letter replying to Marco. Write about 100 words.

3.2. This is part of a letter you receive from an English pen friend called Dan.

In your next letter, tell me all about the music you like.

Stefano wrote this answer. Read his answer and then fill the gaps with your own words to write your own answer.

Dear Dan

I like listening to different kinds of music. My favourite is garage music. I don‟t go to many concerts because the

bands I like don‟t play in my town. I play my CDs in my bedroom but I have to play them quietly because my

family doesn‟t like the same kind of music as me. I buy one CD every month but I sometimes buy more in a sale. I

don‟t really like dancing but my sisters do. They enjoy going to night clubs. I play the violin and I‟d like to play the

guitar in a band.

Write back soon.

Stefano

I like listening to ___________________. My favourite is ___________________. I (don‟t) go to many concerts

because ___________________. I play my CDs _____________________________. I buy one CD every

___________________ but I sometimes buy ___________________. I (don‟t) like dancing and/ but

___________________. I (don‟t) play ___________________ and/but I‟d like to play ___________________.

3.3. Read the question below.

This is part of a letter you receive from an English friend.

I‟ve always wanted to know more about your favourite sport. Tell me all about it. Why do you like it?

Now write a letter, telling your friend about your favourite sport.

Write your letter on your answer sheet.

Now, plan what you‟re going to write by answering the following question:

- What is your favourite sport?

- When do you play it? Who with?

- How long have you been playing it?

- Are you any good at it?

- Why do you like it?

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3.4. Read the question and read Abdul‟s letter to Jim. Does it have good organisation? Does it answer the question? Are

there any parts of his letter that you find confusing?

Question:

This is part of a letter you receive from your penfriend.

Help! It‟s my brother‟s 14th

birthday next month and I can‟t think of a present to give him. What do teenage boys

like getting as presents in your country?

Now write a letter, answering your penfriend‟s question.

Answer

Dear Jim

Thank you for your letter. In this letter you are telling me that next month is your brother‟s birthday.

„Happy birthday‟ from me. He will be 14th

next month so you can buy something special. I don‟t know if he like music

or not, but will be surprise if you buy any CD. If your brother like futbooll you can buy for him a booll so he can enjoy

player with his friend on a free time.

Teenage boys in my country like this surprises. I hope you will enjoy the party.

Lots of love Abdul

3.5. Read the task below and Isabella‟s letter. Which piece of information does she leave out?

Question

This is part of a letter you receive from an English penfriend.

In your next letter, please tell me about a film you‟ve seen recently. What‟s it about? Who plays the main character?

What‟s your favourite part of the film?

Now write a letter answering your penfriend‟s questions.

Dear Anna

Thanks for your letter. You asked me about a film I saw recently. I went to see the comedy Night at the Museum2

last week.

The film is about a museum where the exhibits come to life at night. In the first film the hero, Larry Daley, who is

played by Ben Stiller, is a security man at the museum. In this film he has a different job, but he returns to help his

friends when they are in trouble.

You should watch the film because it‟s funny, although it isn‟t as good as the first one.

See you soon!

Isabella

- Left-out information: _________________________________________________________________

- Write your own answer to the task.

3.6. Read the question and read the following letter. Give your comments.

Question

This is part of a letter you receive from some English friends.

For our next holiday, we want to visit your country. Is it best to spend our time in a city or in the countryside?

Which would you recommend and why?

Write a letter, answering your friend‟s questions.

Answer

Hello, Dear Sandra

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I received your letter last Monday I hope you well I think is the best for you visited a city, because in a city there a lots of

place interesting, museums, lakes, sHops, Markets, and, churches I think so you like it, and on the evening you can go

out eating in an good restaurants, and dancin in an funny place, I think it very better the last week Holiday, we going to

visiting countryside for 2 days, it‟s very quite and there are a beautiful scenery, we can walking in the mauntain.

Your comments:

- Punctuation: ___________________________________________________________________

- Organisation: __________________________________________________________________

- Grammar: _____________________________________________________________________

- Spelling: ______________________________________________________________________

NOTE: Examiner‟s comments

Dear Jane,

thank you for your letter. I‟m very surprised you‟ve bought a video recorder. As I know you‟ve always preferred going

to the cinema to sitting at home in front of a TV, haven‟t you? don‟t be angry with me, it‟s only a joke. You asked me to

recommend you some good videos. Recently I‟ve seen some, but the best of them is “Microcosmos”. It‟s the right film

for you – about the nature. But the authors show us round the nature in unusual way – you can see the life of the smallest

animals, e.g. ants, snails, worms etc. It‟s amazing! And the music is wonderful. Try it and write me back. I‟m looking

forward to your opinion.

Love.

This is a very good attempt with confident and natural language, for example you‟ve always preferred going to the

cinema to sitting at home in front of a TV, haven‟t you? There is a wide range of structures and vocabulary, and it is well

organised and linked. The errors are minor and non-impeding. Band 5.

Dear Bob,

My favorite sport has always been swimming. I love it!

I started swimming when I was 10, and never stopped till last year when I started university. I believe it is the most

complete sport for training the body and that it is one of the few sports where you can‟t win if you don‟t practice a lot.

Unfortunately I had to stop swimming because I didn‟t have time to practice 2 hours every day. I also love competitions:

it is great when you have to race with someone else, and it is even better when you finish your race and find out you have

improved your best time.

Yours

Andrea

This is a very good attempt, showing confident and ambitious language, for example My favorite sport has always been

swimming. It is very well-organised, with a wide range of structures and vocabulary, for example it is one of the few sports

where you can‟t win if you don‟t practice a lot. The few minor errors in spelling do not detract from the high degree of

accuracy. Band 5

Thank you for your letter. In this letter you are telling me that next month is your brother‟s birthday.

„Happy birthday‟ from me. He will be 14th

next month so you can buy something special. I don‟t know if he like music

or not, but will be surprise if you buy any CD. If your brother like futbooll you can buy for him a booll so he can enjoy

player with his friend on a free time.

Teenage boys in my country like this surprises. I hope you will enjoy the party.

Lots of love Abdul

This is an adequate attempt, showing some ambitious language but with flaws, for example I don‟t know if he like music or

not, but will be surprise if you buy any CD. There is adequate range and organisation but a number of mostly non-impeding

errors, especially in the second paragraph, for example If your brother like futbooll you can buy for him a booll so he can

enjoy player … Some effort by the reader is required here. Band 3.

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Dear Jim

Thank you for your letter. In this letter you are telling me that next month is your brother‟s birthday.

„Happy birthday‟ from me. He will be 14th

next month so you can buy something special. I don‟t know if he like music

or not, but will be surprise if you buy any CD. If your brother like futbooll you can buy for him a booll so he can enjoy

player with his friend on a free time.

Teenage boys in my country like this surprises. I hope you will enjoy the party.

Lots of love Abdul

Hello, Dear Sandra

I received your letter last Monday I hope you well I think is the best for you visited a city, because in a city there a lots of

place interesting, museums, lakes, sHops, Markets, and, churches I think so you like it, and on the evening you can go

out eating in an good restaurants, and dancin in an funny place, I think it very better the last week Holiday, we going to

visiting countryside for 2 days, it‟s very quite and there are a beautiful scenery, we can walking in the mauntain.

This letter was marked Band 2 and described by the examiner as an „inadequate attempt‟. There are many mistakes and a lot

of effort is needed from the reader. Correct the letter, paying particular attention to these basic mistakes:

- Punctuation: no full stops, and wrong use of capital letters

- Organisation: no paragraphs, no signature

- Grammar: problems with singulars and plurals

- Spelling: six mistakes

HOMEWORK

Exercise 1

Here is part of a letter you have received from an English friend.

Last time you wrote that you had exams soon. What are you planning to do when they are over? Are you going on

holiday or what?

Now you are writing a letter to this friend. Write your letter in about 100 words.

Exercise 2

This is part of a letter you receive from your English friend, Mary.

In your next letter, please tell me all about the party you went to last weekend. Did you enjoy it? Did you meet

anybody interesting?

Now write your letter to Mary answering her questions. Write your letter in about 100 words.

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WRITING PART 3

Question 8

1. Tips

- Make some notes to plan your story by asking yourself:

Where? Who? Why? What?

When? How (long/ much/ often, etc)?

- It‟s good to try and join some of your ideas with linking words e.g. so, when, but, because, suddenly. This will help

your writing to „read‟ better.

2. Useful phrases

Time phrases:

o It all began …

o Shortly afterwards

o Meanwhile

o Not long afterwards

o Some time later

o Later that day

o A little later

o Finally

o In the end

o Eventually

Phrases for dramatic effect

o Suddenly

o All of a sudden

o Without warning

o Out of the blue

o Just at that moment

o Quite unexpectedly

o As if from nowhere

Direct speech

o “ ….”, said/ shouted/ screamed/ whispered/ announced/ thought/ cried/ promised Fred.

Concluding stories

o When it was all over

o Looking back now

o In retrospect

o In the end

o After all that had happened

2. Practice

2.1. Your English teacher has asked you to write a story. Your story must begin with this sentence:

The bus was late so I decided to walk.

Questions to ask yourself:

Where were you going? Why were you going there?

When were you waiting for the bus? Who were you with?

Who did you see during your walk? What happened during the walk?

What was the weather like? How long did it take you?

Sample:

The bus was late so I decided to walk. That day I had a lesson. During my walk I met my friend Claudia.

We didn‟t meet each other for long time so I decided to go with her in a bar. She was very down because

her boyfriend was away for a work. I wanted to help her and so I suggested to go to disco that evening. So

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we went Jubilee and she enjoied herself too much. So I was very happy and she too because that evening

she met a lot of her old friend and so for few hour didn‟t remind her boyfriend.

Comments:

- Range of structures: ________________________________________

- Linking device: ____________________________________________

- Grammar: ________________________________________________

-> Mark: ______

Now write your own story.

2.2. Read the question below and read this student‟s story. Underline all the linking words.

Question

Your English teacher has asked you to write a story. Your story must have this title:

A very unusual evening

Answer

It was a warm evening in the summer. I was on my way to Andy. He had asked me to call in. As I had plenty of time I

was walking slowly. It became darker. Suddenly I heard a cry. Not far away on a bridge I recognised two persons who

were fighting. When I looked carefully I could see two boys. Then one of them pushed the other down the bridge into the

water and ran away. By the time I arrived at the river and saw that the boy in the water was unconscious. Without a

second thought I sprung into the river. I could catch him and bring him out of the water. I started with first aid. At first I

thought he was dead but then he started to move his arms and to breathe. He was alive!

Comments:

3. Use of language: ____________________________________________________________

4. Range of structure: __________________________________________________________

5. Linking devices: ____________________________________________________________

6. Organisation: _______________________________________________________________

2.3. These sentences tell a story, but they are in the wrong order. Read the sentences and put them in the correct order. Then

choose a title below.

Happy holidays An unusual holiday A strange event

Bad luck Brothers and sisters

a. She was walking towards a busy road.

b. „Well, who did? Because that‟s why I didn‟t cross the road,‟ she said.

c. After a few minutes, my mother realised that Agnes wasn‟t with us.

d. My father was looking round the town while my mother was watching Agnes and me on the beach.

e. It was very dangerous.

f. „Where‟s Daddy?‟ she asked.

g. „No,‟ said my father and Agnes looked surprised.

h. We looked round and we saw her.

i. When my father arrived a few minutes later, Agnes asked him „Did you call me?‟

j. When I was six, my parents took my little sister, Agnes, and me to the seaside one afternoon.

k. Suddenly she stopped and walked back to us.

2.4. Read question 8 below. Before you write your story, think about what you‟re going to say:

Why was it the most important day of your life?

What happened?

How did you feel?

Did it work out well or badly in the end?

Question 8

o Your English teacher has asked you to write a story.

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o Your story must begin with this sentence.

I woke up knowing it was the most important day of my life.

o Write your story on your answer sheet.

Now, write your story in about 100 words. What verb tense(s) will you use for your story?

2.5. Read the question below.

Question

Your English teacher has asked you to write a story. Your story must begin with this sentence.

I was really surprised when I read the email.

Write your story on your answer sheet.

Before you write, think about:

- The verb tenses you will use

- Who the email was from

- What it said

- If it was a good or bad surprise

- What you did

- What the result was

Now write a 100-word story beginning „I was really surprised when I read the email.’

2.6. Read the task and story below. Complete 1 – 5 with a suitable adverb.

Question

Your English teacher has asked you to write a story. Your story must have this title:

A Silly Mistake

Write your story in about 100 words.

Answer

I opened my eyes and (1) __________________ jumped out of bed. I had an important interview for a job to go to. In

two minutes I was in the showing singing so (2) __________________ that my younger brother in the next room banged

on the wall.

Twenty minutes later I was in the empty kitchen, wearing my best suit. „The house is (3) _____________ quiet,‟ I

thought, as I ate my breakfast (4) __________________.

Before long, I was at the bus stop. „Where is everybody?‟ I wondered as I climbed onto an empty bus. Finally I was

outside the locked glass door of an office building and then I (5) __________________ realised. Today was Sunday, not

Monday.

Write your own answer to the task above. Use adverbs where necessary.

2.7. Match the titles of the stories with endings a – e. There is one extra ending you don‟t need.

The kindest person in the world

A miserable day

A fantastic meal

The amazing journey

a. We paid the bill and told the waiter how much we had enjoyed ourselves.

b. I still can‟t believe that she did so much for me. I will never, ever forget her.

c. It was definitely the most exciting fairground ride I‟ve ever been on.

d. At last we arrived home, tired but happy. I‟ll always remember the experience.

e. The rain got worse and worse. In the end, we decided to go home.

2.8. Read the task and the paragraphs A – D. Decide which paragraph does not belong to the story and put the others into the

correct order.

Your English teacher has asked you to write a story. Your story must have this title:

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A terrible holiday

Write about 100 words.

A. We put up our tent, but after a about half an hour, the whole area was flooded. Suddenly, there was a strong gust of

wind and our tent blew away. In the end, we had to stay in a nearby hotel!

B. Eventually, we walked to a nearby shop and called the police. It wasn‟t long before they arrived and we were able to

tell them what had happened.

C. As we got closer to the sea, the weather began to change. At first it was a bit cloudy and rainy, but then it began to

rain very hard and just as we arrived at the campsite we saw a flash of lightning.

D. Last month, I went on a camping trip to the beach with some friends. We borrowed my parents‟ car and left early on

a bright and sunny Saturday morning.

Now write your own story in about 100 words with the previous title.

SAMPLE TEST

PAPER 2: READING AND WRITING

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