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Phl Thesis Bookv2.1

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This is my final thesis project from my senior year at Philadelphia University. I developed new stations for the two new terminals at Philadelphia International Airport as well as updating the existing stations.
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Transforming the Transportation Experience Philadelphia International Airport Regional Rail Robert B. Castellucci A Thesis Capstone Project in Partial Fulllment of the Requirements For the Degree Bachelor of Landscape Architecture School of Architecture Department of Landscape Architecture Philadelphia University May 2010
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  • Tran

    sfor

    min

    g th

    e Tr

    ansp

    orta

    tion

    Exp

    erie

    nce

    Ph

    ilade

    lphi

    a In

    tern

    atio

    nal A

    irpo

    rt R

    egio

    nal R

    ail

    Rob

    ert B

    . Cas

    tellu

    cci

    A T

    hesi

    s Cap

    ston

    e Pr

    ojec

    t in

    Parti

    al F

    ul l

    lmen

    t of t

    he R

    equi

    rem

    ents

    Fo

    r the

    Deg

    ree

    Bac

    helo

    r of L

    ands

    cape

    Arc

    hite

    ctur

    e

    Scho

    ol o

    f Arc

    hite

    ctur

    eD

    epar

    tmen

    t of L

    ands

    cape

    Arc

    hite

    ctur

    ePh

    ilade

    lphi

    a U

    nive

    rsity

    May

    201

    0

  • Abs

    trac

    t

    In

    man

    y m

    ajor

    citi

    es m

    ass t

    rans

    porta

    tion

    is a

    n es

    sent

    ial p

    art o

    f peo

    ple

    s com

    mut

    e. T

    he R

    1 is

    Phi

    lade

    l-ph

    ias

    line

    that

    can

    take

    pas

    seng

    ers f

    rom

    Cen

    ter C

    ity to

    the

    airp

    ort,

    as w

    ell a

    s fro

    m th

    e ai

    rpor

    t to

    all t

    hree

    maj

    or

    stop

    s. It

    can

    als

    o ta

    ke p

    asse

    nger

    s to

    man

    y sm

    all s

    ubur

    bs o

    f Phi

    lade

    lphi

    a. A

    long

    the

    train

    stat

    ion

    corr

    idor

    s, pe

    ople

    hav

    e cr

    eate

    d an

    icon

    ic e

    nviro

    nmen

    t thr

    ough

    dum

    ping

    tras

    h an

    d cr

    eatin

    g gr

    af t

    ii ar

    t. A

    long

    w

    ith th

    is, t

    he fa

    ctor

    ies t

    hat l

    ine

    the

    rout

    e ha

    ve b

    ecom

    e ve

    ry ru

    n do

    wn.

    In

    2003

    , Phi

    lade

    lphi

    a In

    tern

    atio

    nal A

    ir-po

    rt co

    nstru

    cted

    two

    new

    term

    inal

    s, w

    hich

    left

    the

    train

    stat

    ions

    out

    date

    d. T

    his c

    ause

    d pr

    oble

    ms w

    ith

    pass

    enge

    r circ

    ulat

    ion

    to th

    e ne

    w te

    rmin

    als f

    rom

    the A

    Eas

    t and

    term

    inal

    E. E

    astw

    ick,

    the

    stat

    ion

    that

    is

    loca

    ted

    prio

    r to

    the

    airp

    ort c

    ampu

    s, is

    als

    o in

    sim

    ilar c

    ondi

    tion

    and

    it ne

    eds u

    pdat

    ing.

    Th

    roug

    h th

    e re

    deve

    lopm

    ent o

    f the

    Tra

    nsfo

    rmat

    ion

    of T

    rans

    porta

    tion

    at P

    hila

    delp

    hia

    Inte

    rnat

    iona

    l A

    irpor

    t, is

    sues

    with

    circ

    ulat

    ion,

    aes

    thet

    ics a

    nd v

    iew

    s thr

    ough

    out t

    he a

    irpor

    t cam

    pus w

    ill b

    e so

    lved

    . A

    ddin

    g a

    new

    stat

    ion

    at A

    Wes

    t will

    hel

    p pa

    ssen

    gers

    get

    to a

    nd fr

    om th

    eir t

    erm

    inal

    s muc

    h fa

    ster

    and

    eas

    ier.

    As w

    ell a

    s ad

    ding

    a n

    ew st

    atio

    n at

    A W

    est t

    here

    will

    be

    a ne

    w c

    onne

    ctio

    n to

    term

    inal

    F, t

    he c

    onne

    ctio

    n w

    ill b

    e a

    boul

    avar

    d ty

    pe p

    ath

    that

    giv

    es p

    asse

    nger

    s acc

    ess t

    o bo

    th

    rst

    oor

    and

    the

    seco

    nd

    oor t

    hrou

    gh th

    e sh

    ort t

    erm

    par

    king

    br

    idge

    . Th

    e re

    st o

    f the

    stat

    ions

    will

    als

    o be

    rede

    velo

    ped

    to u

    nify

    the

    desi

    gn.

    Incl

    uded

    in th

    is re

    deve

    lopm

    ent i

    s Ea

    stw

    ick,

    whi

    ch is

    loca

    ted

    prio

    r to

    the

    airp

    ort,

    will

    be

    upda

    ted

    to se

    rvic

    e th

    e ai

    rpor

    t em

    ploy

    ees t

    hat a

    re c

    omin

    g fr

    om e

    ither

    the

    of c

    e bu

    ildin

    g or

    the

    empl

    oyee

    lot.

    The

    stat

    ion

    is a

    lso

    loca

    ted

    alon

    g a

    resi

    dent

    ial a

    rea,

    whi

    ch is

    an

    othe

    r tar

    get t

    o us

    e th

    is st

    atio

    n. T

    he st

    atio

    n ne

    eds a

    lot o

    f upd

    atin

    g, fr

    om n

    ew si

    gnag

    e to

    new

    pla

    tform

    s. T

    o in

    tice

    peop

    le to

    use

    this

    stat

    ion,

    ther

    e w

    ill b

    e ad

    ditio

    nal c

    omm

    erci

    al v

    endo

    rs.

    Th

    roug

    h th

    e de

    velo

    pmen

    t of t

    he A

    irpor

    t sta

    tions

    , as w

    ell a

    s Eas

    twic

    k, it

    will

    insp

    ire p

    eopl

    e to

    star

    t to

    exte

    nd th

    is re

    vitil

    izat

    ion

    all t

    he w

    ay u

    p th

    e co

    rrid

    or to

    Cen

    ter C

    ity.

    Thro

    ugh

    impr

    ovin

    g th

    e is

    sues

    this

    will

    hel

    p im

    prov

    e th

    e im

    age

    of th

    e ci

    ty th

    roug

    h im

    prov

    ing

    the

    issu

    es th

    at th

    e ci

    ty o

    f Phi

    lade

    lphi

    a ne

    glec

    ts.

    2

  • Tabl

    e of

    Con

    tent

    s

    1.0

    Intr

    oduc

    tion

    4

    1.1

    Prob

    lem

    Sta

    tem

    ent

    1.

    2 C

    once

    ptua

    l Goa

    ls

    1.3

    Poss

    ible

    Con

    stra

    ints

    1.

    4 P

    ossi

    ble

    Opp

    ortu

    nitie

    s

    1.5

    Res

    earc

    h To

    pics

    2.0

    Tra

    nsfo

    rmin

    g th

    e Tr

    ansp

    orta

    tion

    Exp

    erie

    nce

    52.

    1 L

    itera

    ture

    Rev

    iew

    2.

    2 M

    ass T

    rans

    it vs

    . Tra

    ditio

    nal C

    ars

    2.

    3 Tr

    ansi

    t Sta

    tions

    : Con

    nect

    ing

    Plac

    es

    2.4

    Airp

    ort T

    erm

    inal

    s3.

    0 C

    ase

    Stud

    ies

    8

    3.1

    Paris

    , Fra

    nce

    3.

    2 Po

    rtlan

    d, O

    rego

    n

    3.3

    Chi

    cago

    , Illi

    nois

    4.

    0 G

    uidl

    ines

    and

    Des

    ign

    Cri

    teri

    a fo

    r D

    esig

    n Im

    plem

    entio

    n

    11

    4.1

    Gui

    dlin

    es fo

    r Des

    ign

    4.

    2 D

    esig

    n C

    riter

    ia

    5.0

    Con

    nect

    ing

    Eas

    twic

    k to

    Phi

    lade

    lphi

    a In

    tern

    atio

    nal A

    irpo

    rt

    12

    5.1

    Site

    Sel

    ectio

    n

    5.2

    Exis

    ting

    Con

    ditio

    ns

    5.3

    Site

    Inve

    ntor

    y an

    d A

    naly

    sis-

    Eas

    twic

    k St

    atio

    n

    5.4

    Site

    Inve

    ntor

    y an

    d A

    naly

    sis-

    Phi

    lade

    lphi

    a In

    tern

    atio

    nal A

    irpor

    t

    6.0

    Red

    evel

    opm

    ent o

    f the

    Tra

    nspo

    rtat

    ion

    Exp

    erie

    nce

    186.

    1 Pr

    ogra

    m a

    nd C

    once

    pt D

    evel

    opm

    ent-

    East

    wic

    k St

    atio

    n

    6.2

    Prog

    ram

    and

    Con

    cept

    Dev

    elop

    men

    t- Ph

    ilade

    lphi

    a In

    erna

    tiona

    l

    A

    irpor

    t7.

    0 Tr

    ansf

    orm

    ing

    the

    Tran

    spor

    tatio

    n E

    xper

    ienc

    e R

    esul

    ts

    19

    8.0

    Mat

    eria

    ls U

    sed

    in D

    esig

    n

    289.

    0 Tr

    ansf

    orm

    ing

    Tran

    spor

    tatio

    n C

    oncl

    usio

    ns

    30

    10.0

    Refe

    renc

    es2

    31

    3

  • 1.0

    In

    trod

    ucti

    on1.

    1 D

    escr

    iptio

    n:

    PH

    L ha

    s tra

    nsit

    stop

    s for

    the

    R1

    for t

    erm

    inal

    s A E

    ast t

    hrou

    gh te

    rmin

    al E

    . In

    rece

    nt y

    ears

    , the

    y ha

    ve a

    dded

    two

    mor

    e te

    rmin

    als t

    o th

    e ai

    rpor

    ts c

    ampu

    s. S

    ince

    then

    , the

    y ha

    ve n

    ot y

    et in

    clud

    ed n

    ew tr

    ain

    stop

    s to

    thos

    e ne

    w te

    rmin

    als.

    Th

    is p

    roje

    ct w

    ould

    dev

    elop

    a n

    ew tr

    ansi

    t sto

    p to

    term

    inal

    s A W

    est a

    nd te

    rmin

    al F

    . In

    clud

    ed in

    dev

    elop

    ing

    a ne

    w st

    op

    for t

    erm

    inal

    s A W

    est a

    nd F

    , it w

    ould

    rede

    velo

    p a

    com

    bine

    d de

    sign

    for t

    he e

    xist

    ing

    stop

    s to

    mim

    ic th

    e de

    sign

    of t

    he

    trans

    it co

    rrid

    or a

    s a w

    hole

    . A

    s wel

    l as t

    he tr

    ansi

    t cor

    ridor

    at P

    HL,

    ther

    e is

    the

    East

    wic

    k st

    atio

    n ju

    st b

    efor

    e PH

    L th

    at

    coul

    d be

    rede

    velo

    ped

    to a

    ct a

    s a e

    xten

    ded

    corr

    idor

    to c

    reat

    e a

    com

    bine

    d de

    sign

    .

    1.2

    Con

    cept

    ual G

    oals

    :

    In

    doi

    ng th

    is p

    roje

    ct, I

    hop

    e to

    lear

    n ho

    w I

    mig

    ht b

    e ab

    le to

    des

    ign

    a tra

    nsit

    corr

    idor

    that

    not

    onl

    y co

    mbi

    nes t

    he

    desi

    gn a

    s a w

    hole

    , but

    als

    o cr

    eate

    s a c

    ohes

    ive

    way

    to g

    et p

    asse

    nger

    s to

    and

    from

    the

    term

    inal

    s.

    Th

    e m

    ain

    obje

    ctiv

    e of

    this

    pro

    ject

    is to

    dev

    elop

    a n

    ew tr

    ain

    stop

    for b

    oth

    term

    inal

    s A W

    est a

    nd F

    , as

    wel

    l as t

    o de

    velo

    p a

    conn

    ectio

    n fr

    om E

    astw

    ick

    Stat

    ion

    that

    cre

    ates

    a g

    atew

    ay in

    to th

    e Airp

    ort.

    Ano

    ther

    obj

    ectiv

    e is

    to c

    reat

    e a

    bette

    r con

    nect

    ion

    to th

    e te

    rmin

    als f

    or p

    asse

    nger

    s to

    get t

    o an

    d fr

    om th

    e st

    atio

    ns.

    1.3

    Poss

    ible

    Con

    stra

    ints

    :

    The

    mai

    n po

    ssib

    le c

    onst

    rain

    t to

    the

    proj

    ect i

    s get

    ting

    as b

    uilt

    dra

    win

    gs, a

    nd so

    me

    of th

    e G

    IS sh

    ape

    les t

    hat

    I may

    nee

    d fo

    r my

    desi

    gn.

    I will

    nee

    d to

    hav

    e th

    ose

    rele

    ased

    from

    PH

    L to

    eith

    er th

    e sc

    hool

    or m

    y th

    esis

    adv

    isor

    , Jim

    Q

    uerr

    y. A

    noth

    er p

    ossi

    ble

    cons

    train

    t is t

    hat I

    will

    not

    hav

    e se

    curit

    y cl

    eara

    nce

    to b

    e ab

    le to

    take

    any

    gro

    und

    phot

    ogra

    phy.

    I w

    ould

    nee

    d to

    wor

    k w

    ith S

    am C

    onso

    le, G

    IS M

    anag

    er o

    f the

    Pla

    nnin

    g D

    epar

    tmen

    t at P

    HL.

    1.4

    Poss

    ible

    Opp

    ortu

    nitie

    s:

    Whi

    le ta

    lkin

    g w

    ith m

    y su

    perv

    isor

    s fro

    m m

    y su

    mm

    er in

    tern

    ship

    with

    PH

    L, th

    ey e

    xpre

    ssed

    inte

    rest

    in th

    e po

    ssib

    ility

    of g

    aini

    ng m

    y re

    sults

    for m

    y pr

    ojec

    t. In

    turn

    , the

    y w

    ould

    like

    to h

    ave

    it on

    le

    to h

    ave

    for f

    utur

    e re

    fere

    nce

    in c

    ase

    of a

    n op

    portu

    nity

    for t

    he re

    nova

    tion

    of th

    e tra

    in st

    atio

    ns.

    1.5

    Res

    earc

    h To

    pics

    :

    1. R

    ules

    and

    Reg

    ulat

    ions

    for t

    rain

    stat

    ions

    2. P

    rogr

    am fo

    r tra

    in st

    atio

    n pl

    atfo

    rms

    3. H

    ow o

    ften

    do th

    e tra

    ins n

    eed

    to ru

    n4.

    Whe

    re a

    re th

    e be

    st p

    lace

    s to

    put e

    ntra

    nces

    to st

    atio

    n

    4

  • 2.0

    Tr

    ansf

    orm

    ing

    the

    Tran

    spor

    tati

    on E

    xper

    ienc

    e2.

    1 L

    itera

    ture

    Rev

    iew

    As a

    ir tra

    nspo

    rt gr

    ows,

    seco

    ndar

    y tra

    nspo

    rtatio

    n ne

    eds t

    o be

    reev

    alua

    ted.

    A si

    mpl

    e ye

    t und

    esire

    d so

    lutio

    n w

    ould

    be

    to e

    xpan

    d st

    reet

    s, hi

    ghw

    ays a

    nd e

    nlar

    ge p

    arki

    ng lo

    ts to

    relie

    ve th

    e in

    crea

    sed

    cong

    estio

    n.

    Airp

    ort a

    utho

    ritie

    s hav

    e a

    limite

    d am

    ount

    of s

    pace

    to e

    xpan

    d an

    d th

    eir p

    riorit

    y is

    airp

    ort f

    acili

    ties v

    s. Pa

    rkin

    g lo

    ts.

    Not

    onl

    y ar

    e ai

    rpor

    ts ru

    nnin

    g lo

    w o

    n sp

    ace

    for a

    dditi

    onal

    par

    king

    lots

    but

    ther

    e is

    the

    adde

    d pe

    dest

    rian

    cong

    estio

    n in

    the

    as in

    the

    term

    inal

    s tra

    nsfe

    r fr

    om th

    e ai

    rpor

    t to

    the

    road

    s as w

    ell.

    And

    the

    bigg

    er th

    e ai

    rpor

    t onl

    y m

    eans

    that

    the

    mor

    e co

    nges

    tion

    will

    occ

    ur.

    Mas

    s Tra

    nsit

    is o

    ne so

    lutio

    n to

    thes

    e m

    ultip

    le a

    irpor

    ts is

    sue.

    It p

    rovi

    des t

    he sa

    me

    serv

    ices

    as t

    axis

    and

    bus

    ses b

    ut it

    pr

    ovid

    es a

    mor

    e ef c

    ient

    and

    spac

    e sa

    ving

    env

    ironm

    ent.

    Hop

    eful

    ly fo

    r the

    larg

    er a

    irpor

    ts th

    e us

    e of

    mas

    s tra

    nsit

    will

    in

    crea

    se b

    y at

    leas

    t 50

    perc

    ent,

    stat

    ed b

    y th

    e B

    AA

    for a

    irpor

    ts in

    the

    UK

    . A

    irpor

    ts th

    at h

    ave

    trans

    it st

    atio

    ns th

    at se

    rvic

    e in

    divi

    dual

    term

    inal

    s for

    pas

    seng

    ers s

    houl

    d be

    pro

    mot

    e th

    e us

    age

    of th

    e m

    ass t

    rans

    it as

    the

    mai

    n so

    urce

    of t

    rans

    porta

    tion

    to a

    nd fr

    om th

    e ai

    rpor

    t. T

    his a

    lso

    can

    incl

    ude

    the

    coop

    erat

    ion

    betw

    een

    the

    airp

    ort o

    pera

    tions

    and

    railr

    oad

    oper

    atio

    ns.

    This

    incl

    udes

    the

    bagg

    age

    hand

    ling

    and

    how

    they

    wor

    k to

    geth

    er to

    mee

    t the

    nee

    ds o

    f the

    pas

    seng

    er.

    So so

    me

    of th

    e la

    rger

    airp

    orts

    can

    be

    over

    crow

    ded

    so th

    at th

    e us

    e of

    stre

    ets a

    nd e

    ven

    thro

    ugh

    the

    term

    inal

    s, so

    the

    use

    of in

    terio

    r ra

    ilway

    s hav

    e be

    en p

    ropo

    sed

    to a

    nsw

    er th

    e is

    sues

    of t

    he o

    verc

    row

    ded

    airp

    orts

    .

    Air

    port

    Tra

    nsit

    Info

    rmat

    ion

    Airp

    orts

    hav

    e ta

    ken

    step

    s tow

    ard

    impr

    ovin

    g th

    e co

    nnec

    tion

    of th

    e w

    ay p

    eopl

    e ge

    t to

    the

    airp

    ort a

    s wel

    l as h

    ow th

    ey

    get h

    ome.

    The

    re h

    ave

    been

    som

    e ne

    w d

    evel

    opm

    ents

    that

    hav

    e be

    en c

    reat

    ed to

    impr

    ove

    thes

    e co

    nnec

    tions

    : Adv

    ance

    d Tr

    avel

    er In

    form

    atio

    n Se

    rvic

    es (A

    TIS)

    Te

    chno

    logy

    for R

    ide

    Mat

    chin

    g

    Alte

    rnat

    ive

    Stra

    tegi

    es fo

    r Off-

    site

    che

    ck-in

    .Th

    e us

    e of

    the A

    TIS

    serv

    ices

    de

    nes

    thre

    e di

    ffere

    nt ty

    pes o

    f inf

    orm

    atio

    n at

    the

    time

    of p

    lann

    ing,

    at t

    he ti

    me

    of

    com

    men

    cem

    ent a

    nd e

    n ro

    ute.

    The

    info

    rmat

    ion

    that

    info

    rms t

    he tr

    avel

    er a

    bout

    the

    grou

    nd tr

    ansp

    orta

    tion

    that

    is

    prov

    ided

    is g

    iven

    at t

    he ti

    me

    of p

    lann

    ing

    to in

    form

    the

    trave

    ler w

    hen

    they

    pur

    chas

    e th

    e tic

    ket,

    sinc

    e th

    ey d

    o th

    is a

    t le

    ast a

    few

    day

    s if n

    ot e

    arlie

    r tha

    n th

    e tim

    e th

    ey

    y. T

    his c

    an e

    ncou

    rage

    the

    trave

    ler t

    o us

    e th

    e tra

    nsit

    syst

    em ra

    ther

    th

    an a

    car

    sinc

    e th

    ey k

    now

    that

    it is

    ava

    ilabl

    e to

    them

    . Th

    e in

    form

    atio

    n at

    the

    time

    of c

    omm

    ence

    men

    t wou

    ld b

    e to

    in

    form

    the

    trave

    ler w

    ould

    be

    to in

    form

    the

    trave

    ler o

    f any

    cha

    nges

    in tr

    avel

    to th

    e ai

    rpor

    t. T

    his c

    ould

    incl

    ude

    thin

    gs

    such

    as a

    ccid

    ents

    , cha

    nges

    in

    ight

    info

    rmat

    ion

    or d

    elay

    s. T

    his i

    nfor

    mat

    ion

    can

    now

    giv

    e th

    e tra

    vele

    r the

    pro

    per

    info

    rmat

    ion

    to e

    ncou

    rage

    them

    to th

    en ta

    ke a

    trai

    n to

    the

    airp

    ort r

    athe

    r tha

    n dr

    ive

    to th

    e ai

    rpor

    t. F

    inal

    ly th

    ere

    is th

    e en

    rout

    e in

    form

    atio

    n, th

    is d

    eals

    with

    the

    info

    rmat

    ion

    that

    per

    tain

    s to

    spec

    i c

    deta

    ils su

    ch a

    s gat

    e in

    form

    atio

    n an

    d ot

    her i

    nfor

    mat

    ion

    such

    as p

    latfo

    rm o

    r dep

    artu

    re ti

    mes

    .

    In so

    me

    case

    s the

    airp

    ort c

    ould

    hav

    e so

    urce

    s of a

    ltern

    ativ

    e tra

    nspo

    rtatio

    n, b

    ut e

    ither

    lack

    of i

    nfor

    mat

    ion

    give

    n or

    th

    ey g

    ive

    the

    info

    rmat

    ion

    to th

    e pu

    blic

    but

    in th

    e fo

    rmat

    that

    is n

    ot a

    lway

    s the

    eas

    iest

    to a

    cces

    s. L

    ike

    New

    Yor

    k an

    d N

    ew Je

    rsey

    they

    bot

    h pr

    ovid

    e th

    eir u

    sers

    with

    alli

    tera

    tive

    sour

    ces o

    f tra

    nspo

    rtatio

    n. S

    ome

    even

    giv

    e th

    e pa

    ssen

    gers

    th

    e ex

    act s

    ched

    ule

    of e

    very

    trai

    n th

    at w

    ill a

    rriv

    e at

    the

    airp

    ort.

    But

    in so

    me

    case

    s the

    y w

    ill e

    xclu

    de in

    form

    atio

    n as

    wel

    l, su

    ch a

    s the

    info

    rmat

    ion

    on w

    heth

    er o

    r not

    the

    pass

    enge

    r will

    nee

    d to

    mak

    e a

    trans

    fer b

    efor

    e th

    eir

    nal

    de

    stin

    atio

    n.

    The

    Emer

    ging

    Rai

    l Tec

    hnol

    ogy

    is th

    e co

    ncep

    t of i

    ncor

    pora

    ting

    new

    tech

    nolo

    gy to

    add

    ress

    the

    issu

    e of

    the

    stor

    age

    of b

    agga

    ge.

    As o

    f now

    man

    y of

    the

    syst

    ems t

    hat a

    re b

    eing

    use

    d do

    not

    acc

    omm

    odat

    e th

    e pa

    ssen

    gers

    nee

    d to

    ha

    ve a

    pla

    ce to

    put

    bag

    gage

    . Th

    is c

    once

    pt b

    rings

    in th

    e ne

    cess

    ary

    tech

    nolo

    gy to

    brin

    g th

    e ac

    com

    mod

    atio

    ns to

    the

    pass

    enge

    r so

    that

    they

    can

    eas

    ily g

    et to

    and

    from

    the

    airp

    ort w

    ith a

    s litt

    le h

    assl

    e as

    pos

    sibl

    e.

    5

  • 2.0

    Tr

    ansf

    orm

    ing

    the

    Tran

    spor

    tati

    on E

    xper

    ienc

    e

    2.2

    M

    ass T

    rans

    it vs

    . Tra

    ditio

    nal C

    ars

    D

    ue to

    the

    fact

    that

    ther

    e is

    an

    incr

    ease

    in c

    ars t

    han

    befo

    re w

    e ha

    ve d

    eter

    min

    ed th

    at th

    e ro

    ad sy

    stem

    m th

    at is

    in

    plac

    e n

    ow is

    not

    the

    right

    size

    that

    it n

    eeds

    to b

    e to

    supp

    ort t

    he n

    eed

    of to

    day

    s soc

    iety

    . Av

    erag

    e tra

    vel t

    imes

    hav

    e in

    crea

    sed

    to a

    ppro

    xim

    atel

    y 22

    -26

    min

    utes

    in re

    cent

    dec

    ades

    . In

    con

    nect

    ion

    to th

    e in

    crea

    se in

    trav

    el ti

    mes

    the

    amou

    nt

    of c

    omm

    uter

    s has

    rise

    n as

    wel

    l, th

    e nu

    mbe

    r has

    incr

    ease

    d to

    13

    to 1

    5 pe

    rcen

    t of t

    he U

    nite

    d St

    ates

    tota

    l. T

    hese

    num

    bers

    re e

    ct th

    e po

    pula

    tion

    that

    has

    a c

    omm

    utin

    g tim

    e of

    at l

    east

    45

    min

    utes

    . Thi

    s is e

    stim

    ated

    to h

    ave

    som

    e ki

    nd o

    f neg

    ativ

    e im

    pact

    on

    the

    econ

    omy.

    Th

    e m

    ore

    peop

    le st

    art t

    o us

    e pu

    blic

    tran

    spor

    tatio

    n th

    e m

    ore

    mon

    ey th

    at g

    oes i

    nto

    the

    loca

    l in

    dust

    ry.

    Alth

    ough

    com

    mut

    e tim

    e ha

    s inc

    reas

    ed th

    e us

    e of

    pub

    lic tr

    ansp

    orta

    tion

    can

    incr

    ease

    the

    ease

    and

    cos

    t of t

    rave

    l. Th

    is c

    ould

    als

    o he

    lp th

    e co

    nges

    tion

    of ro

    adw

    ays a

    s wel

    l as t

    he a

    rriv

    als a

    nd d

    epar

    ture

    road

    s. B

    y en

    cour

    agin

    g pe

    ople

    to

    take

    the

    trans

    it sy

    stem

    this

    can

    cre

    ate

    a be

    tter a

    nd m

    ore

    ef c

    ient

    way

    of g

    ettin

    g to

    and

    from

    the

    airp

    ort.

    Th

    ere

    are

    plac

    es w

    here

    the

    trans

    it sy

    stem

    doe

    s see

    m to

    wor

    k, th

    e pl

    aces

    seem

    to re

    ect

    whe

    re p

    eopl

    e ar

    e m

    ore

    depe

    nden

    t on

    it fo

    r eco

    nom

    ical

    reas

    ons.

    Peo

    ple

    who

    are

    not

    abl

    e to

    affo

    rd a

    car

    hav

    e be

    en a

    reas

    on fo

    r the

    succ

    ess

    for t

    rans

    porta

    tion.

    Alth

    ough

    they

    hav

    e be

    en tr

    ying

    to g

    et th

    e pe

    ople

    that

    are

    less

    dep

    ende

    nt p

    eopl

    e in

    hop

    es to

    gai

    n a

    wid

    er a

    rray

    of c

    usto

    mer

    s. T

    he o

    ne re

    ason

    why

    the

    buse

    s fai

    l to

    brin

    g th

    e m

    ore

    tra

    nsit

    depe

    nden

    t p

    eopl

    e on

    the

    bus i

    s be

    caus

    e of

    the

    fact

    that

    they

    shar

    e th

    e co

    nges

    ted

    road

    s.

    2.3

    Tran

    sit S

    tatio

    ns: C

    onne

    ctin

    g Pl

    aces

    Tr

    ansi

    t sta

    tions

    can

    hel

    p a

    com

    mun

    ity in

    man

    y di

    ffere

    nt fa

    ctor

    s, su

    ch a

    s pro

    mot

    ing

    sust

    aina

    ble

    use

    of

    trans

    porta

    tion

    as w

    ell a

    s lan

    d us

    e as

    wel

    l as t

    he st

    imul

    atio

    n of

    loca

    l eco

    nom

    y an

    d to

    star

    t tec

    hnol

    ogic

    al a

    nd in

    stitu

    tiona

    l ch

    ange

    . In

    Eur

    ope

    the

    rest

    ruct

    urin

    g of

    the

    trans

    it se

    rvic

    es h

    as a

    lso

    help

    ed in

    the

    chan

    ges i

    n ur

    ban

    deve

    lopm

    ent.

    The

    tra

    nsit

    syst

    ems t

    hat h

    ave

    been

    dev

    elop

    ed h

    ave

    beco

    me

    maj

    or fa

    ctor

    s on

    urba

    n re

    stru

    ctur

    ing.

    The

    railw

    ay c

    an b

    e co

    nsid

    ered

    as

    node

    s a

    s wel

    l as s

    erie

    s of

    netw

    orks

    . T

    hese

    can

    be

    de n

    ed a

    s:

    a

    fabr

    ic o

    r stru

    ctur

    e of

    cor

    ds a

    nd w

    ires t

    hat c

    ross

    at r

    egul

    ar in

    terv

    als a

    nd a

    re k

    notte

    d or

    secu

    red

    at th

    e cr

    ossi

    ngs.

    A

    syst

    em o

    f lin

    es o

    r cha

    nnel

    s res

    embl

    ing

    a ne

    twor

    k.

    An

    inte

    rcon

    nect

    ed o

    r int

    erre

    late

    d ch

    ain,

    gro

    up, o

    r sys

    tem

    (as i

    n a

    netw

    ork

    of h

    otel

    s).

    Th

    e us

    e of

    nod

    es c

    an b

    e us

    eful

    in d

    evel

    opin

    g ar

    eas o

    f con

    cent

    ratio

    n, su

    ch a

    s are

    as o

    f act

    ivity

    . A

    irpor

    ts,

    road

    s, ou

    tlets

    and

    pub

    lic tr

    ansp

    ort i

    nter

    chan

    ges t

    end

    to b

    e ce

    ntra

    lized

    aro

    und

    thes

    e no

    des.

    Thi

    s can

    hel

    p ex

    plai

    n w

    hat i

    s goi

    ng o

    n w

    ith th

    e tra

    in st

    atio

    n an

    d it

    s rel

    atio

    nshi

    p to

    the

    area

    that

    surr

    ound

    s the

    trai

    n st

    atio

    n. T

    here

    are

    fo

    ur a

    ppro

    ache

    s to

    the

    rela

    tions

    hip

    to th

    e su

    rrou

    ndin

    g ar

    ea to

    the

    train

    stat

    ion,

    in o

    ther

    wor

    ds c

    ould

    be

    calle

    d th

    e w

    alka

    ble

    radi

    us

    to th

    e st

    atio

    n.

    Wal

    kabl

    e ra

    dius

    - is t

    he c

    ircul

    ar a

    rea

    radi

    atin

    g fr

    om th

    e ra

    ilroa

    d st

    atio

    n th

    at is

    con

    side

    red

    to b

    e th

    e W

    alka

    ble

    dist

    ance

    . Fo

    r exa

    mpl

    e th

    e v

    e an

    d te

    n m

    inut

    e w

    alki

    ng c

    ircle

    s. F

    unct

    iona

    l-his

    toric

    al e

    lem

    ents

    - the

    are

    a is

    her

    e co

    nsid

    ered

    to b

    e eq

    ual t

    o th

    e su

    m o

    f the

    func

    tiona

    l ele

    men

    ts

    havi

    ng a

    stro

    ng e

    vide

    nt c

    onne

    ctin

    g st

    atio

    n an

    d ci

    ty c

    entre

    , or i

    ndus

    trial

    and

    dis

    tribu

    tion

    faci

    litie

    s with

    a

    dire

    ct c

    onne

    ctio

    n to

    the

    stat

    ion.

    Top

    ogra

    phic

    Fro

    m th

    is p

    oint

    of v

    iew

    the

    railw

    ay st

    atio

    n ar

    ea is

    the

    surf

    ace

    incl

    uded

    with

    in a

    n ar

    bitra

    ry se

    ctio

    n of

    the

    map

    .

    Th

    e ra

    ilway

    stat

    ion

    tend

    s to

    conn

    ect t

    o an

    othe

    r tra

    nspo

    rtatio

    n sy

    stem

    , suc

    h as

    airp

    orts

    . Ye

    t the

    con

    nect

    ion

    betw

    een

    the

    two

    tend

    to b

    e fr

    agm

    ente

    d. T

    hey

    tend

    to n

    ot h

    ave

    the

    sam

    e m

    anag

    emen

    t, bu

    t the

    y bo

    th c

    oexi

    st.

    2.4

    Air

    port

    Ter

    min

    als:

    A

    s tim

    es c

    hang

    e so

    do

    the

    way

    that

    we

    trave

    l. T

    he d

    esig

    n of

    airp

    orts

    hav

    e m

    ade

    a st

    ep to

    war

    ds m

    akin

    g it

    mor

    e en

    joya

    ble

    for p

    eopl

    e w

    hile

    they

    wai

    t for

    thei

    r pla

    ne.

    They

    are

    now

    inco

    rpor

    atin

    g re

    tail

    shop

    s in

    term

    inal

    s so

    that

    peo

    ple

    can

    spen

    d th

    e d

    rab

    spac

    e sh

    oppi

    ng (S

    unde

    rland

    ). T

    hey

    have

    real

    ized

    that

    ther

    e is

    a p

    oten

    tial i

    n ad

    ding

    reta

    il to

    the

    term

    inal

    . In

    pas

    t yea

    rs th

    e id

    ea fo

    r airp

    ort d

    esig

    n w

    as g

    et p

    eopl

    e fr

    om th

    eir t

    rans

    porta

    tion

    to

    the

    airp

    ort a

    nd o

    n th

    e pl

    ane

    as q

    uick

    ly a

    s pos

    sibl

    e. T

    rave

    lers

    wer

    e en

    cour

    aged

    to m

    ove

    quic

    kly

    to th

    eir g

    ates

    with

    lit

    tle to

    no

    dist

    ract

    ions

    in th

    e pa

    th to

    the

    gate

    . Th

    e m

    ater

    ials

    that

    are

    use

    d in

    the

    airp

    ort a

    re a

    lso

    chos

    en to

    mak

    e th

    e pe

    dest

    rian

    traf

    c m

    ore

    ef c

    ient

    by

    usin

    g gr

    ey o

    n gr

    ey

    nish

    es,

    ore

    scen

    t lig

    htin

    g an

    d til

    e ce

    iling

    .

    Airp

    orts

    now

    hav

    e ch

    ange

    d th

    e at

    titud

    e th

    at th

    ey w

    ante

    d th

    e tra

    vele

    r to

    just

    go

    stra

    ight

    to th

    e ga

    te a

    nd o

    n th

    e pl

    ane.

    B

    y ad

    ding

    thes

    e re

    tail

    stor

    es a

    nd o

    ther

    attr

    actio

    ns th

    ey a

    re tr

    ying

    to c

    hang

    e th

    e st

    ress

    ful e

    nviro

    nmen

    t tha

    t the

    airp

    ort 6

  • used

    to b

    e to

    a m

    ore

    rela

    xing

    and

    enj

    oyab

    le e

    xper

    ienc

    e. A

    irpor

    ts h

    ave

    take

    n th

    e de

    sign

    of t

    hese

    attr

    actio

    ns b

    y us

    ing

    the

    city

    that

    it is

    loca

    ted

    in a

    s mea

    ns o

    f ins

    pira

    tion.

    (Sun

    derla

    nd)

    T

    hey

    have

    als

    o ta

    ken

    into

    acc

    ount

    that

    ther

    e ar

    e tw

    o m

    ain

    type

    s of a

    irpor

    t cus

    tom

    ers.

    Ther

    e is

    the

    peop

    le

    that

    are

    in a

    hur

    ry, a

    nd th

    e on

    es th

    at h

    ave

    give

    n th

    emse

    lves

    mor

    e tim

    e to

    get

    to th

    e ai

    rpor

    t and

    hav

    e tim

    e to

    rela

    x.

    This

    mea

    ns th

    at th

    ey h

    ave

    take

    n sp

    eci

    c id

    eas s

    uch

    as d

    esig

    ning

    stor

    es li

    ke st

    reet

    s in

    the

    city

    that

    it is

    loca

    ted.

    The

    y em

    phas

    ize

    the

    layo

    ut o

    f the

    airp

    ort t

    o se

    rve

    the

    cost

    umer

    . For

    the

    cust

    omer

    s in

    a hu

    rry

    they

    use

    wid

    e co

    rrid

    ors a

    nd

    emph

    asiz

    e th

    e us

    e of

    wal

    l spa

    ce fo

    r pro

    duct

    s. A

    noth

    er h

    elpf

    ul to

    ol is

    the

    use

    of se

    lf-se

    rve

    oper

    ated

    sale

    s to

    incr

    ease

    im

    puls

    e bu

    ying

    .(Sun

    derla

    nd)

    2.0

    Tr

    ansf

    orm

    ing

    the

    Tran

    spor

    tati

    on E

    xper

    ienc

    e

    7

  • 3.0

    P

    rece

    dent

    Stu

    dies

    3.1

    Pari

    s, Fr

    ance

    Cha

    rles

    de

    Gau

    lle In

    tern

    atio

    nal A

    irpo

    rt

    Cha

    rles d

    e G

    aulle

    was

    one

    of t

    he

    rst a

    irpor

    ts to

    hav

    e an

    inte

    grat

    ed ra

    il sy

    stem

    in E

    urop

    e. T

    he sy

    stem

    that

    they

    us

    e is

    cal

    led

    the

    RER

    rapi

    d TG

    V tr

    ain,

    it re

    ache

    s cen

    ter c

    ity P

    aris

    in a

    ppro

    xim

    atel

    y 45

    min

    utes

    , Lill

    e an

    d B

    russ

    els i

    n an

    ho

    ur.

    They

    als

    o pr

    ovid

    e ot

    her g

    roun

    d tra

    nspo

    rtatio

    n su

    ch a

    s the

    RAT

    P bu

    ses,

    limou

    sine

    s and

    taxi

    s. T

    he R

    ER h

    as tw

    o se

    para

    te tr

    ains

    CD

    G 1

    and

    CD

    G 2

    , the

    rs

    t tra

    in se

    rvic

    es te

    rmin

    als 1

    and

    3 a

    nd th

    e se

    cond

    one

    serv

    ices

    term

    inal

    2 a

    nd

    TGV

    Tra

    in.

    They

    hav

    e a

    free

    airp

    ort s

    huttl

    e th

    at c

    an b

    e ta

    ken

    from

    any

    term

    inal

    to e

    ither

    of t

    he R

    ER st

    atio

    ns.

    Bef

    ore

    getti

    ng o

    n th

    e C

    DG

    VAL

    whi

    ch is

    the

    airp

    ort s

    huttl

    e tra

    vele

    rs c

    an b

    uy th

    eir t

    rain

    tick

    ets.

    The

    se ti

    cket

    s can

    als

    o be

    use

    d fo

    r bot

    h th

    e R

    ER a

    nd th

    e M

    etro

    that

    peo

    ple

    can

    take

    to th

    eir

    nal

    des

    tinat

    ion

    in P

    aris

    . Th

    e R

    ER c

    onsi

    sts o

    f v

    e ex

    pres

    s co

    mm

    uter

    trai

    ns.

    Thes

    e di

    ffere

    nt li

    nes h

    ave

    been

    con

    side

    red

    to b

    e m

    ore

    dif

    cult

    to tr

    avel

    than

    that

    of t

    he m

    etro

    in th

    e ci

    ty li

    mits

    . Th

    is is

    due

    to th

    e fa

    ct th

    at th

    ey d

    ispe

    rse

    into

    diff

    eren

    t lin

    es.

    The

    line

    that

    serv

    ices

    CD

    G a

    irpor

    t is L

    ine

    B.

    The

    stat

    ion

    Gar

    e du

    Nor

    d is

    the r

    st to

    dep

    art P

    aris

    in ro

    ute

    to th

    e ai

    rpor

    t.

    Sum

    mar

    y Ass

    essm

    ent:

    RE

    R F

    or P

    hila

    delp

    hia

    Inte

    rnat

    iona

    l Air

    port

    Th

    e R

    ER is

    a v

    ery

    good

    way

    in w

    hich

    Par

    is tr

    avel

    ers g

    et to

    and

    from

    the

    airp

    ort.

    A k

    ey p

    art o

    f thi

    s sys

    tem

    is

    the

    fact

    that

    they

    pro

    vide

    a c

    lear

    way

    to g

    et fr

    om th

    e R

    ER to

    and

    from

    the

    term

    inal

    s. It

    dro

    ps tr

    avel

    ers o

    ff at

    eac

    h of

    th

    e di

    ffere

    nt te

    rmin

    als a

    t the

    airp

    ort,

    alth

    ough

    trav

    eler

    s nee

    d to

    be

    awar

    e of

    whi

    ch tr

    ain

    goes

    whe

    re to

    be

    certa

    in it

    goe

    s to

    the

    right

    term

    inal

    . It

    also

    giv

    es th

    e rid

    er th

    e op

    tion

    to b

    uy th

    eir t

    icke

    ts to

    get

    to th

    e ai

    rpor

    t and

    the

    city

    in o

    ne p

    lace

    .

    If th

    e pe

    rson

    nee

    ds to

    take

    the

    RER

    to th

    e M

    etro

    they

    can

    buy

    bot

    h tic

    kets

    at t

    he b

    egin

    ning

    of t

    he tr

    ip.

    Phila

    delp

    hia

    Inte

    rnat

    iona

    l Airp

    ort i

    s now

    in a

    situ

    atio

    n w

    here

    the

    trave

    lers

    that

    are

    tryi

    ng to

    mak

    e th

    eir

    ight

    s at

    both

    term

    inal

    s a a

    nd F

    hav

    e to

    wal

    k th

    roug

    h ot

    her t

    erm

    inal

    s to

    get t

    o th

    eirs

    . Th

    ey n

    eed

    to c

    ome

    up w

    ith n

    ew st

    atio

    ns to

    co

    nnec

    t the

    trav

    eler

    s to

    thei

    r n

    al g

    ate.

    Als

    o th

    e w

    ay th

    at C

    DG

    offe

    rs ti

    cket

    sale

    s in

    thei

    r sta

    tions

    cou

    ld b

    e of

    fere

    d as

    an

    opt

    ion

    for p

    eopl

    e go

    ing

    into

    the

    city

    . To

    take

    that

    one

    step

    furth

    er, t

    hey

    coul

    d al

    so in

    trodu

    ce a

    n ad

    vanc

    ed c

    heck

    in a

    t th

    e st

    atio

    ns so

    that

    it m

    ay c

    ut d

    own

    on c

    row

    ded

    lines

    insi

    de th

    e ai

    rpor

    t. P

    hila

    delp

    hia

    has a

    lack

    of c

    onne

    ctio

    n to

    the

    rail

    syst

    em, i

    t run

    s thr

    ough

    and

    del

    iver

    s peo

    ple

    to c

    erta

    in te

    rmin

    als b

    ut le

    aves

    the

    trave

    ler t

    o n

    d ou

    t whe

    re th

    ey n

    eed

    to g

    o by

    them

    selv

    es.

    8

  • 3.2

    Port

    land

    , Ore

    gon

    Port

    of P

    ortla

    nd, P

    ortla

    nd O

    rego

    n In

    tern

    atio

    nal A

    irpo

    rt

    Portl

    and

    has a

    ver

    y lo

    ng a

    nd e

    xten

    sive

    his

    tory

    , it h

    as g

    one

    from

    hor

    se d

    raw

    n to

    a n

    ew T

    riMet

    syst

    em th

    at th

    ey c

    urre

    ntly

    ar

    e us

    ing

    and

    expa

    ndin

    g. A

    rece

    nt p

    roje

    ct is

    one

    in w

    hich

    pro

    vide

    s the

    city

    of a

    ver

    y es

    sent

    ial s

    ervi

    ce o

    f tra

    nspo

    rtatio

    n to

    the

    airp

    ort.

    It is

    cal

    led

    the A

    irpor

    t Max

    Red

    Lin

    e Pr

    ojec

    t. It

    star

    ted

    May

    199

    9, ru

    nnin

    g a

    tota

    l dis

    tanc

    e of

    ve

    and

    a h

    alf m

    iles

    with

    a g

    rand

    tota

    l of f

    our s

    tops

    alo

    ng th

    e w

    ay.

    The n

    al c

    onst

    ruct

    ion

    date

    for t

    he p

    roje

    ct w

    as o

    n Se

    ptem

    ber 1

    0, 2

    001.

    The

    re

    are

    two

    key

    stop

    s tha

    t occ

    ur a

    long

    the

    airp

    ort l

    ine,

    the

    Ore

    gon

    Con

    vent

    ion

    Cen

    ter a

    nd th

    e Po

    rtlan

    d C

    ity C

    ente

    r. T

    he T

    riMet

    sy

    stem

    is th

    e r

    st ra

    il sy

    stem

    to p

    rovi

    de tr

    ansp

    orta

    tion

    to th

    e ai

    rpor

    t via

    rail

    serv

    ice

    on th

    e w

    est c

    oast

    . It

    also

    use

    d th

    e ex

    istin

    g tra

    nsit

    right

    of w

    ay a

    long

    Inte

    rsta

    te 2

    05 th

    eref

    ore

    not t

    akin

    g up

    any

    new

    land

    whi

    ch c

    ould

    be

    used

    for o

    ther

    pur

    pose

    s.(23

    ) Th

    eai

    rpor

    t Max

    was

    des

    igne

    d to

    use

    the

    sam

    e tra

    cks a

    s the

    Max

    blu

    e lin

    e, w

    hich

    has

    als

    o in

    crea

    sed

    the

    use

    of th

    e sy

    stem

    as w

    ell a

    sin

    crea

    se th

    e he

    adw

    ays t

    o 5

    to 7

    min

    utes

    . It

    was

    orig

    inal

    ly th

    ough

    t to

    be a

    ver

    y co

    nven

    ient

    attr

    ibut

    e bu

    t was

    put

    to th

    e si

    de d

    ueto

    an

    exte

    nsiv

    e ex

    pans

    ion

    done

    on

    the

    airp

    ort.

    The

    y n

    ally

    site

    d th

    e st

    atio

    n on

    the

    sout

    h en

    d of

    the

    airp

    ort.

    Thi

    s pro

    vide

    d th

    e tra

    vele

    rs a

    cces

    s to

    and

    from

    the

    bagg

    age

    clai

    m a

    rea.

    Thi

    s als

    o gi

    ves t

    he st

    atio

    n th

    e cl

    aim

    of b

    eing

    the

    mos

    t con

    veni

    ent s

    tatio

    nof

    any

    airp

    ort.(

    24

    The

    stat

    ion

    was

    als

    o si

    ted

    so th

    at if

    the

    airp

    ort w

    ere

    to w

    ant t

    o ad

    d an

    y ne

    w te

    rmin

    als t

    o th

    e ex

    istin

    g ca

    mpu

    s the

    y co

    uld

    re-s

    ite th

    e st

    atio

    n. I

    t is s

    ituat

    ed in

    an

    exis

    ting

    right

    of w

    ay a

    nd is

    a o

    ne tr

    ack

    syst

    em in

    to th

    e ai

    rpor

    t but

    can

    switc

    h to

    a tw

    o la

    ne

    track

    with

    out c

    ross

    ove

    r tra

    cks a

    t the

    two

    track

    stat

    ion.

    Thi

    s was

    a te

    mpo

    rary

    syst

    em w

    hich

    has

    bec

    ome

    a w

    idel

    y us

    ed sy

    stem

    toge

    t to

    and

    from

    the

    airp

    ort.

    The

    pla

    tform

    wid

    ens a

    t the

    term

    inal

    doo

    rs b

    ut is

    wed

    ged

    at th

    e en

    d to

    acc

    omm

    odat

    e th

    e tra

    cks.(

    24)

    Sum

    mar

    y Ass

    essm

    ent:

    A n

    ew lo

    ok fo

    r Ph

    ilade

    lphi

    a

    The

    way

    that

    the

    TriM

    et h

    as ta

    ken

    way

    s in

    whi

    ch th

    ey c

    an b

    uild

    a sy

    stem

    thro

    ugh

    mea

    ns o

    f exi

    stin

    g co

    rrid

    ors.

    The

    y ha

    ve ta

    ken

    idea

    s in

    whi

    ch to

    cre

    ate

    a sy

    stem

    that

    can

    wor

    k in

    ord

    er to

    mak

    e th

    e tri

    p to

    the

    airp

    ort l

    ike

    a co

    rrid

    or.

    They

    hav

    e al

    so

    take

    n in

    to a

    ccou

    nt th

    e w

    ay th

    at th

    e pa

    ssen

    ger e

    nter

    s the

    airp

    ort.

    The

    loca

    tion

    is v

    ery

    impo

    rtant

    and

    whe

    re th

    ey w

    ant t

    o go

    is

    anot

    her

    key

    aspe

    ct.

    Ano

    ther

    thin

    g is

    that

    they

    hav

    e ad

    ded

    two

    mai

    n st

    atio

    ns.

    Ph

    ilade

    lphi

    a co

    uld

    use

    thes

    e id

    eas i

    n m

    any

    diffe

    rent

    way

    s and

    in a

    way

    hav

    e st

    arte

    d us

    ing

    them

    alre

    ady.

    The

    trai

    n al

    read

    y st

    ops a

    t tw

    o m

    ain

    stat

    ions

    , 30t

    h st

    reet

    stat

    ion

    whi

    ch m

    any

    peop

    le c

    ome

    thro

    ugh

    from

    var

    ious

    pla

    ces,

    even

    out

    of s

    tate

    pe

    ople

    . B

    ut th

    e m

    ain

    stat

    ion

    that

    nee

    ds to

    be

    re-d

    one

    is th

    e st

    atio

    n rig

    ht b

    efor

    e th

    e ai

    rpor

    t bec

    ause

    it is

    for t

    he a

    irpor

    t of

    ces o

    ff th

    e m

    ain

    cam

    pus.

    Thi

    s cou

    ld b

    e us

    ed a

    s the

    gat

    eway

    into

    the

    airp

    ort a

    s a u

    nifo

    rmed

    des

    ign

    to c

    onne

    ct th

    e en

    tire

    corr

    idor

    to th

    eai

    rpor

    t. T

    he id

    eas t

    hat h

    ave

    been

    use

    d al

    so c

    an st

    art t

    o in

    form

    a w

    ay in

    whi

    ch w

    e ca

    n st

    art t

    o ed

    ucat

    e pe

    ople

    on

    one

    of m

    any

    way

    s we

    can

    mak

    e tra

    nspo

    rtatio

    n m

    ore

    sust

    aina

    ble

    and

    ef c

    ient

    .

    3.0

    P

    rece

    dent

    Stu

    dies

    9

  • 3.0

    P

    rece

    dent

    Stu

    dies

    3.3

    Chi

    cago

    , Illi

    nois

    C

    hica

    go M

    idw

    ay In

    tern

    atio

    nal A

    irpo

    rt

    C

    hica

    go h

    as tw

    o m

    ajor

    airp

    orts

    , one

    is M

    idw

    ay a

    nd th

    ey o

    ther

    is O

    Har

    e In

    tern

    atio

    nal.

    The

    y bo

    th h

    ave

    acce

    ss

    to th

    em th

    roug

    h tra

    nsit

    stat

    ions

    , as w

    ell a

    s the

    re is

    a ro

    ute

    for p

    asse

    nger

    s to

    take

    a tr

    ain

    from

    one

    airp

    ort t

    o th

    e ot

    her.

    Th

    e C

    hica

    go T

    rans

    it A

    utho

    rity

    runs

    two

    lines

    that

    run

    to e

    ither

    with

    a c

    onne

    ctin

    g st

    atio

    n th

    at p

    asse

    nger

    s can

    use

    to ta

    ke

    to th

    e ot

    her.

    Not

    onl

    y do

    es M

    idw

    ay h

    ave

    a co

    nnec

    tion

    to e

    ach

    airp

    ort t

    hey

    have

    foun

    d a

    succ

    essf

    ul w

    ay in

    whi

    ch to

    us

    e w

    ay

    ndin

    g to

    hel

    p th

    e co

    stum

    er

    nd th

    eir w

    ay to

    and

    from

    the

    trans

    it st

    atio

    n at

    the

    airp

    ort.

    The

    y ha

    ve m

    ultip

    le

    over

    head

    sign

    age

    to h

    elp

    the

    pass

    enge

    r n

    d th

    eir w

    ay to

    the

    stat

    ion.

    The

    tran

    sit s

    tatio

    n al

    so in

    clud

    es si

    gnag

    e th

    at te

    lls

    pass

    enge

    rs th

    e st

    atus

    and

    gat

    e of

    all i

    ghts

    . A

    s an

    adde

    d co

    nven

    ienc

    e to

    pas

    seng

    ers t

    he st

    atio

    n in

    clud

    es ti

    cket

    mac

    hine

    s in

    ord

    er to

    buy

    the

    ticke

    t bef

    ore

    they

    get

    on

    the

    train

    .

    Sum

    mer

    y Ass

    essm

    ent:

    Inte

    grat

    ed S

    igna

    ge S

    yste

    ms

    M

    idw

    ay h

    as ta

    ken

    a sy

    stem

    that

    they

    can

    con

    nect

    two

    airp

    orts

    toge

    ther

    , but

    they

    hav

    e al

    so ta

    ken

    a sy

    stem

    that

    th

    ey c

    an u

    se to

    hel

    p th

    e pa

    ssen

    gers

    get

    to th

    eir t

    erm

    inal

    as w

    ell a

    s get

    hom

    e as

    eas

    y as

    pos

    sibl

    e. T

    he u

    se o

    f sig

    nage

    to

    give

    peo

    ple

    dire

    ctio

    n to

    whe

    re th

    ey n

    eed

    to g

    o an

    d in

    form

    atio

    n on

    whe

    re th

    ings

    can

    be

    foun

    d is

    ver

    y im

    porta

    nt to

    bot

    h th

    e ai

    rpor

    t as w

    ell a

    s the

    tran

    sit s

    yste

    m, t

    his h

    elps

    inco

    rpor

    ate

    a un

    i ed

    syst

    em to

    brin

    g pe

    ople

    to a

    nd fr

    om th

    eir h

    omes

    to

    the

    airp

    ort a

    nd v

    ise

    vers

    a. T

    he si

    gns t

    hat t

    ell t

    he p

    asse

    nger

    whe

    re to

    go

    and

    wha

    t the

    stat

    us o

    f the

    ig

    ht is

    can

    hel

    p in

    less

    con

    gest

    ion

    arou

    nd a

    rriv

    als a

    nd d

    epar

    ture

    sign

    s ins

    ide

    the

    airp

    ort.

    Thi

    s can

    als

    o cu

    t dow

    n on

    con

    fusi

    on o

    n w

    here

    th

    ey n

    eed

    to b

    e an

    d al

    so m

    akin

    g it

    easi

    er fo

    r peo

    ple

    and

    cut d

    own

    on p

    eopl

    e m

    issi

    ng

    ight

    s due

    to ti

    me

    spen

    t on n

    ding

    th

    eir w

    ay to

    the

    gate

    and

    or t

    rans

    it st

    atio

    ns.

    Ph

    ilade

    lphi

    a an

    d Ea

    stw

    ick

    coul

    d be

    ne t

    from

    thes

    e sy

    stem

    s bec

    ause

    the

    sign

    age

    as w

    ell a

    s tic

    ket m

    achi

    nes t

    o he

    lp p

    eopl

    e by

    mak

    ing

    the

    trip

    mor

    e ef c

    ient

    . Th

    e st

    atio

    ns n

    ow d

    o no

    t hav

    e an

    ythi

    ng to

    info

    rm th

    e pa

    ssen

    gers

    of w

    hen

    the

    train

    is a

    rriv

    ing

    or w

    hat t

    he st

    atus

    of t

    he tr

    ain

    is, m

    uch

    like

    Mar

    ket E

    ast S

    tatio

    n ha

    s sig

    nage

    that

    tells

    if th

    e tra

    in is

    la

    te a

    nd w

    hat t

    rack

    it w

    ill a

    rriv

    e. T

    he st

    atio

    ns a

    t the

    airp

    ort n

    eed

    to in

    tegr

    ate

    a sy

    stem

    that

    will

    tell

    the

    trave

    lers

    wha

    t th

    e tim

    ing

    of th

    e tra

    in fr

    om st

    atio

    n to

    stat

    ion

    to h

    elp

    info

    rm th

    e tra

    vele

    rs o

    f wai

    t tim

    es.

    They

    als

    o co

    uld

    use

    the

    syst

    em

    to te

    ll tra

    vele

    rs o

    f whe

    n an

    d w

    here

    thei

    r gat

    es a

    re lo

    cate

    d so

    that

    they

    can

    be

    sure

    of h

    ow lo

    ng th

    at th

    ey h

    ave

    from

    the

    time

    that

    they

    leav

    e th

    e pl

    atfo

    rm to

    the

    time

    that

    they

    nee

    d to

    boa

    rd th

    e pl

    ane.

    10

  • 4.1

    Gui

    delin

    es fo

    r D

    esig

    n

    Th

    e m

    ain

    idea

    for t

    his p

    roje

    ct is

    to d

    evel

    op a

    des

    ign

    for T

    erm

    inal

    A a

    nd a

    con

    nect

    ion

    to T

    erm

    inal

    F a

    nd d

    evel

    op

    a un

    i ed

    des

    ign

    for t

    he e

    xist

    ing

    term

    inal

    stat

    ions

    . Th

    e go

    al fo

    r the

    pro

    ject

    is to

    dev

    elop

    a m

    ore

    uni

    ed d

    esig

    n as

    wel

    l as

    dev

    elop

    new

    syst

    ems t

    o im

    prov

    e th

    e w

    ay th

    at p

    eopl

    e ge

    t to

    and

    from

    the

    stat

    ions

    to th

    e te

    rmin

    als.

    In d

    evel

    opin

    g th

    e te

    rmin

    al st

    atio

    ns, a

    noth

    er g

    oal i

    s to

    deve

    lop

    East

    wic

    k st

    atio

    n to

    bec

    ome

    a ga

    tew

    ay in

    to th

    e ai

    rpor

    t. E

    astw

    ick

    is th

    e st

    atio

    n th

    at th

    e R

    1 st

    ops b

    efor

    e en

    terin

    g th

    e ai

    rpor

    t cam

    pus.

    It a

    lso

    serv

    es o

    ther

    line

    s suc

    h as

    the

    R2

    whi

    ch ta

    kes y

    ou to

    W

    ilmin

    gton

    .

    The

    East

    wic

    k st

    atio

    n is

    goi

    ng to

    be

    a pl

    ace

    whe

    re m

    ost o

    f the

    traf c

    will

    con

    sist

    of p

    edes

    trian

    traf c

    . Th

    e m

    ain

    user

    s of t

    his s

    ite is

    goi

    ng to

    be

    resi

    dent

    ial,

    airp

    ort e

    mpl

    oyee

    s and

    trav

    eler

    s to

    and

    from

    hot

    els.

    The

    mai

    n go

    al fo

    r thi

    s st

    atio

    n is

    to re

    deve

    lop

    it to

    look

    mor

    e in

    vitin

    g as

    wel

    l as t

    o cr

    eate

    a d

    estin

    atio

    n fo

    r the

    use

    rs to

    take

    adv

    anta

    ge o

    f suc

    h th

    ings

    as c

    once

    ssio

    n st

    ands

    or s

    hopp

    ing.

    Th

    is p

    roje

    ct sh

    ould

    take

    into

    acc

    ount

    man

    y di

    ffere

    nt ty

    pes o

    f ide

    as to

    hel

    p in

    form

    how

    the

    new

    stat

    ions

    will

    w

    ork

    as w

    ell a

    s how

    the

    exis

    ting

    will

    inco

    rpor

    ate

    the

    new

    idea

    s. T

    he u

    se o

    f oth

    er id

    eas t

    hat a

    irpor

    ts h

    ave

    done

    in th

    e pa

    st a

    s wel

    l as r

    ecen

    tly, s

    uch

    as th

    e us

    e of

    diff

    eren

    t typ

    es o

    f sig

    nage

    to sh

    ow w

    here

    pas

    seng

    ers n

    eed

    to g

    o.

    Th

    ese

    are

    just

    som

    e of

    the

    thin

    gs th

    at sh

    ould

    be

    addr

    esse

    d in

    the

    desi

    gn so

    that

    it w

    ill m

    ake

    the

    stat

    ions

    wor

    k as

    a u

    ni e

    d sy

    stem

    . Th

    ey sh

    ould

    incl

    ude

    the

    sam

    e id

    eas t

    hat c

    ome

    from

    the

    desi

    gn o

    f the

    new

    stat

    ions

    . Th

    e sy

    stem

    as

    of n

    ow h

    as th

    e sa

    me

    type

    of a

    rchi

    tect

    ure

    and

    layo

    ut.

    This

    pro

    ject

    nee

    ds to

    hav

    e a

    cohe

    renc

    e to

    hel

    p th

    e pa

    ssen

    gers

    get

    fr

    om th

    e st

    atio

    n to

    the

    term

    inal

    in a

    mor

    e ef c

    ient

    way

    than

    they

    hav

    e se

    t up

    as o

    f now

    .

    In d

    oing

    the

    case

    stud

    ies f

    rom

    oth

    er a

    irpor

    ts it

    has

    info

    rmed

    som

    e de

    cisi

    ons t

    hat m

    ight

    nee

    d to

    be

    addr

    esse

    d th

    at h

    ave

    not b

    een

    as o

    f now

    . Su

    ch a

    s how

    the

    desi

    gn w

    orks

    with

    all

    area

    s of h

    ow a

    n ai

    rpor

    t is l

    aid

    out a

    nd h

    ow th

    e pa

    ssen

    ger e

    xper

    ienc

    es th

    e tri

    p as

    wel

    l as m

    akin

    g it

    a m

    ore

    ef c

    ient

    syst

    em.

    Ther

    e ar

    e m

    any

    diffe

    rent

    thin

    gs th

    at n

    eed

    to b

    e ad

    dres

    sed

    and

    it ne

    eds t

    o w

    ork

    toge

    ther

    , the

    idea

    of r

    edev

    elop

    ing

    this

    pla

    ce is

    to c

    reat

    e a

    dest

    inat

    ion.

    4.2

    Des

    ign

    Crit

    eria

    W

    ay-

    ndin

    g

    Flig

    ht S

    tatu

    s sig

    nage

    Trai

    n St

    atus

    sign

    age

    Pa

    ssen

    ger C

    omfo

    rt

    Uni

    ty o

    f pla

    tform

    s

    Use

    of l

    ands

    cape

    W

    ater

    Man

    agem

    ent

    Su

    stai

    nabi

    lity

    So

    lar P

    ower

    G

    reen

    Roo

    f

    4.0

    G

    uide

    lines

    and

    Des

    ign

    Cri

    teri

    a fo

    r D

    esig

    n Im

    plem

    enta

    tion

    11

  • 5.0

    C

    onne

    ctin

    g Ea

    stw

    ick

    to P

    hila

    delp

    hia

    Inte

    rnat

    iona

    l Air

    port

    5.

    1 Si

    te S

    elec

    tion

    Th

    e R

    1 tra

    in ru

    ns fr

    om a

    ll ce

    nter

    city

    stop

    s and

    uni

    vers

    ity c

    ity.

    Afte

    r lea

    ving

    the

    city

    the

    only

    stop

    that

    the

    R1

    mak

    es is

    at E

    astw

    ick

    Stat

    ion.

    Thi

    s sta

    tion

    acco

    mm

    odat

    es p

    eopl

    e th

    at e

    ither

    live

    in th

    e ne

    ighb

    orho

    od th

    at is

    loca

    ted

    to

    the

    Nor

    th w

    est o

    f the

    stat

    ion

    and

    the

    Phila

    delp

    hia

    Inte

    rnat

    iona

    l Airp

    ort e

    mpl

    oyee

    s. L

    ocat

    ed so

    uth

    of E

    astw

    ick

    is a

    cel

    l ph

    one

    lot w

    here

    peo

    ple

    can

    go to

    wai

    t for

    thei

    r pic

    k up

    as w

    ell a

    s an

    empl

    oyee

    lot.

    For

    peo

    ple

    that

    are

    com

    ing

    to th

    e ci

    ty o

    f Phi

    lade

    lphi

    a th

    ey h

    ave

    hote

    ls a

    nd c

    omm

    erci

    al sp

    aces

    to th

    e so

    uth

    of th

    e st

    atio

    n as

    wel

    l.

    Th

    e ai

    rpor

    t its

    elf c

    urre

    ntly

    hol

    ds

    ve tr

    ain

    stat

    ions

    that

    serv

    ice

    the

    term

    inal

    s. T

    he

    rst s

    top

    star

    ts a

    t ter

    min

    al A

    Ea

    st.

    The

    stat

    ion

    plat

    form

    s are

    long

    and

    the

    pass

    enge

    r can

    go

    from

    one

    side

    of t

    he p

    latfo

    rm a

    t ter

    min

    al A

    and

    wal

    k to

    te

    rmin

    al B

    . Th

    e sa

    me

    goes

    for t

    erm

    inal

    s C a

    nd d

    . In

    200

    3 te

    rmin

    als A

    wes

    t and

    F w

    ere

    adde

    d. A

    wes

    t is

    Phila

    delp

    hia

    s new

    inte

    rnat

    iona

    l ter

    min

    al.

    Term

    inal

    F is

    the

    expr

    ess p

    lane

    term

    inal

    .

    5.2

    Exi

    stin

    g C

    ondi

    tions

    Ea

    stw

    ick

    is a

    smal

    l sta

    tion

    that

    has

    littl

    e to

    no

    amen

    ities

    for t

    he p

    asse

    nger

    s to

    use.

    It i

    s a h

    andi

    cap

    acce

    ssib

    le

    stat

    ion

    on b

    oth

    north

    and

    sout

    hbou

    nd tr

    acks

    . Th

    e st

    atio

    n al

    so p

    rovi

    des t

    he p

    asse

    nger

    with

    a sh

    elte

    r. T

    he sh

    elte

    rs th

    at

    are

    prov

    ided

    are

    sim

    ple

    they

    are

    the

    typi

    cal b

    us st

    op e

    nclo

    sure

    . Th

    e st

    atio

    n is

    bui

    lt ou

    t of w

    ood

    and

    look

    s ver

    y m

    uch

    like

    that

    of a

    boa

    rdw

    alk.

    On

    the

    sout

    hbou

    nd si

    de th

    ere

    is a

    cul

    desa

    c w

    here

    peo

    ple

    can

    pick

    up

    and

    drop

    peo

    ple

    off a

    t th

    e st

    atio

    n. T

    he d

    o no

    t pro

    vide

    the

    pass

    enge

    rs w

    ith a

    ny o

    ppor

    tuni

    ties t

    o pa

    rk th

    eir c

    ars.

    Alo

    ng th

    e ed

    ges o

    f the

    pave

    men

    t the

    re a

    re is

    sues

    with

    stor

    mw

    ater

    and

    cau

    ses s

    tagn

    ant w

    ater

    .

    A

    t the

    airp

    ort t

    here

    are

    stat

    ions

    at a

    ll te

    rmin

    als e

    xcep

    t for

    A w

    est a

    nd F

    . Th

    e tra

    in ru

    ns b

    etw

    een

    the

    term

    inal

    s to

    the

    east

    and

    bag

    gage

    cla

    im a

    nd p

    arki

    ng st

    ruct

    ure.

    The

    airp

    ort c

    ampu

    s as a

    who

    le is

    a v

    ery

    dom

    inan

    t con

    cret

    e st

    ruct

    ure.

    Th

    ere

    is so

    me

    gree

    n sp

    ace

    at th

    e en

    d of

    the

    term

    inal

    s at t

    erm

    inal

    F.

    The

    spac

    e th

    at th

    ey p

    rovi

    de a

    s gre

    en sp

    ace

    is v

    ery

    hard

    to a

    cces

    s due

    to th

    e ci

    rcul

    atio

    n of

    veh

    icle

    s. T

    he a

    irpor

    t has

    smal

    l 15

    by 1

    5 sp

    aces

    for p

    eopl

    e to

    brin

    g th

    eir d

    ogs

    alon

    g bo

    th th

    e de

    partu

    res r

    oad

    and

    taxi

    lane

    . Th

    e de

    partu

    res r

    oad

    is lo

    cate

    d al

    ong

    the

    east

    side

    of t

    he tr

    acks

    and

    the

    taxi

    lane

    is lo

    cate

    d to

    the

    wes

    t sid

    e of

    the

    track

    .

    12

  • 5.0

    C

    onne

    ctin

    g Ea

    stw

    ick

    to P

    hila

    delp

    hia

    Inte

    rnat

    iona

    l Air

    port

    5.

    3 Si

    te In

    vent

    ory

    & A

    naly

    sis-

    Eas

    twic

    k St

    atio

    nEa

    stw

    ick

    stat

    ion

    is v

    ery

    limite

    d to

    the

    spac

    e th

    at c

    an b

    e de

    velo

    ped

    but i

    t has

    man

    y op

    portu

    nitie

    s to

    impr

    ove

    wha

    t can

    be

    impr

    oved

    . Th

    ere

    are

    man

    y th

    ings

    that

    nee

    d to

    be

    repl

    aced

    , suc

    h as

    the

    stat

    ions

    aut

    omat

    ed sc

    hedu

    ling

    sign

    nee

    ds to

    be

    repl

    aced

    . Th

    e cu

    lesa

    c is

    abo

    ut th

    e rig

    ht si

    ze to

    be

    able

    to

    put

    in a

    par

    king

    lot t

    o pr

    ovid

    e fo

    r pas

    seng

    er p

    arki

    ng.

    The

    side

    to th

    e w

    est w

    here

    the

    resi

    dent

    ial

    area

    s are

    ther

    e is

    a st

    rip o

    f ang

    led

    park

    ing

    for p

    eopl

    e th

    at a

    re c

    omin

    g fr

    om m

    ore

    than

    wal

    king

    dis

    tanc

    e fr

    om th

    e st

    atio

    n an

    d ha

    ndic

    appe

    d ac

    cess

    ible

    ram

    ps a

    re p

    rovi

    ded.

    To

    get

    from

    one

    side

    of t

    he p

    latfo

    rm to

    the

    othe

    r the

    re is

    a b

    reak

    in th

    e fe

    nce

    to a

    llow

    peo

    ple

    to

    get t

    o th

    e ot

    her s

    ide.

    The

    re is

    not

    eno

    ugh

    room

    bet

    wee

    n th

    e ro

    ad a

    nd th

    e ro

    ad to

    inst

    all a

    ny k

    ind

    of

    brid

    ge o

    r tun

    nel s

    truct

    ure.

    Thi

    s cou

    ld c

    ause

    issu

    es o

    f peo

    ple

    wal

    king

    thro

    ugh

    the

    track

    s and

    pos

    sibl

    y w

    alki

    ng in

    to a

    onc

    omin

    g tra

    in.

    Ther

    e sh

    ould

    be

    a sy

    stem

    inst

    alle

    d to

    pro

    vide

    the

    pass

    enge

    r a w

    arni

    ng

    that

    ther

    e is

    a tr

    ain

    com

    ing

    and

    to st

    ay o

    ff th

    e tra

    cks.

    Als

    o in

    an

    atte

    mpt

    to k

    eep

    peop

    le o

    ff th

    e tra

    ck

    ther

    e co

    uld

    be a

    syst

    em li

    ke th

    at o

    f a ro

    ad c

    ross

    ing

    whe

    re a

    bar

    rier c

    ould

    be

    swun

    g do

    wn

    and

    bloc

    k th

    e pa

    ssag

    e to

    kee

    p pe

    ople

    off

    the

    track

    .

    To

    brin

    g pe

    ople

    to th

    e st

    atio

    n an

    d po

    ssib

    ly p

    eopl

    e th

    at a

    re c

    omin

    g fr

    om th

    e ho

    tels

    ther

    e is

    an

    oppo

    rtuni

    ty to

    pro

    vide

    a c

    omm

    erci

    al v

    endo

    r are

    as.

    Ther

    e is

    a sp

    ace

    betw

    een

    the

    road

    and

    the

    plat

    form

    on

    the

    wes

    t sid

    e w

    here

    it c

    ould

    be

    regr

    aded

    and

    inst

    all a

    smal

    l civ

    ic sp

    ace.

    The

    re c

    ould

    be

    a ve

    ndor

    fo

    r cof

    fee

    and

    som

    e sm

    all f

    ood

    vend

    ing.

    O

    n th

    e ea

    st si

    de w

    here

    the

    culd

    asac

    is lo

    cate

    d th

    ere

    is a

    n op

    portu

    nity

    to u

    se v

    eget

    ated

    rain

    ga

    rden

    s to x

    the

    issu

    es o

    f sto

    rmw

    ater

    bec

    omin

    g st

    agna

    nt.

    The

    site

    is n

    atur

    ally

    slop

    ed to

    war

    ds th

    e st

    atio

    n. T

    he m

    ost i

    deal

    pla

    ce to

    put

    them

    wou

    ld b

    e in

    fron

    t of t

    he st

    atio

    n an

    d on

    bot

    h si

    des o

    f the

    side

    wal

    k to

    cap

    ture

    the

    wat

    er c

    omin

    g fr

    om th

    e la

    wn

    area

    and

    to c

    aptu

    re th

    e w

    ater

    that

    will

    be

    com

    ing

    off o

    f the

    par

    king

    lot.

    13

  • 5.0

    C

    onne

    ctin

    g Ea

    stw

    ick

    to P

    hila

    delp

    hia

    Inte

    rnat

    iona

    l Air

    port

    Inve

    ntor

    y Ta

    ken

    of A

    ll Pl

    ante

    r bed

    s or P

    lant

    ing

    Stru

    ctur

    es in

    the

    Proj

    ect A

    rea

    14

  • 5.0

    C

    onne

    ctin

    g Ea

    stw

    ick

    to P

    hila

    delp

    hia

    Inte

    rnat

    iona

    l Air

    port

    Inve

    ntor

    y Ta

    ken

    of A

    ll Su

    rfac

    e C

    over

    ages

    Oth

    er T

    han

    Con

    cret

    e or

    Asp

    halt

    15

  • 5.0

    C

    onne

    ctin

    g Ea

    stw

    ick

    to P

    hila

    delp

    hia

    Inte

    rnat

    iona

    l Air

    port

    16

  • 5.0

    C

    onne

    ctin

    g Ea

    stw

    ick

    to P

    hila

    delp

    hia

    Inte

    rnat

    iona

    l Air

    port

    5.4

    Site

    Inve

    ntor

    y an

    d A

    naly

    sis-

    Phi

    lade

    lphi

    a In

    tern

    atio

    nal A

    irpor

    t

    The

    train

    split

    s off

    of th

    e tra

    cks t

    hat i

    t tak

    es fr

    om c

    ente

    r city

    and

    brid

    ges o

    ver i

    nter

    stat

    e 95

    and

    circ

    les a

    roun

    d to

    ent

    er th

    e te

    rmin

    als a

    t A w

    est.

    As t

    he tr

    ain

    com

    es in

    to th

    e st

    atio

    ns a

    t the

    airp

    ort t

    he tr

    ain

    pass

    es b

    y th

    e Jo

    hn H

    einz

    W

    ildlif

    e Pr

    eser

    ve w

    hich

    pro

    vide

    s the

    pas

    seng

    er a

    gre

    at v

    iew

    of t

    he n

    atur

    al w

    etla

    nds a

    nd fo

    rest

    that

    giv

    es a

    per

    spec

    tive

    of w

    hat t

    he si

    te u

    sed

    to b

    e be

    fore

    the

    deve

    lopm

    ent o

    f the

    are

    a. A

    s the

    trai

    n pa

    sses

    ove

    r the

    brid

    ge p

    asse

    nger

    s get

    a c

    lear

    un

    obst

    ruct

    ed v

    iew

    of c

    ente

    r city

    . Th

    e in

    tern

    atio

    nal t

    erm

    inal

    whi

    ch is

    one

    of P

    hila

    delp

    hia

    Inte

    rnat

    iona

    l Airp

    orts

    new

    est

    term

    inal

    s is a

    2 st

    ory

    term

    inal

    . Th

    e se

    cond

    stor

    y ov

    erha

    ngs o

    ver t

    he d

    epar

    ture

    and

    trai

    n tra

    cks.

    The

    re is

    a p

    arki

    ng lo

    t to

    the

    wes

    t of t

    he tr

    acks

    und

    er th

    e se

    cond

    stor

    y. O

    nce

    past

    the

    inte

    rnat

    iona

    l ter

    min

    al th

    e tra

    in p

    asse

    s und

    er tw

    o te

    rmin

    al b

    ridge

    s tha

    t tak

    es p

    asse

    nger

    s fro

    m th

    e se

    curit

    y ch

    eckp

    oint

    s and

    che

    ck in

    des

    ks to

    the

    bagg

    age

    clai

    m.

    Term

    inal

    A

    and

    B h

    ave

    a co

    mbi

    ned

    plat

    form

    so th

    at th

    e en

    tire

    3-4

    car t

    rain

    can

    stop

    and

    let p

    asse

    nger

    s off

    at o

    ne p

    oint

    . Te

    rmin

    als C

    and

    d a

    re th

    e sa

    me,

    the

    plat

    form

    ext

    ends

    the

    leng

    th b

    etw

    een

    the

    term

    inal

    C b

    ridge

    to th

    e te

    rmin

    al d

    brid

    ge.

    Onc

    e yo

    u ge

    t to

    term

    inal

    E w

    hich

    now

    serv

    ices

    term

    inal

    s E a

    nd F

    is h

    alf t

    he si

    ze o

    f the

    oth

    er st

    atio

    ns.

    This

    is

    prob

    lem

    atic

    bec

    ause

    it fo

    rces

    the

    pass

    enge

    r who

    is g

    oing

    to te

    rmin

    al F

    to g

    o up

    and

    ove

    r the

    term

    inal

    e b

    ridge

    and

    then

    ov

    er to

    term

    inal

    F.

    The

    gene

    ral p

    asse

    nger

    circ

    ulat

    ion

    if ve

    ry p

    oor a

    nd si

    gnag

    e is

    just

    as m

    uch

    a pr

    oble

    m.

    The

    sign

    age

    for t

    he p

    asse

    nger

    s is l

    imite

    d an

    d on

    ly a

    ppea

    rs w

    here

    the

    door

    s to

    the

    plat

    form

    s are

    .

    Th

    e vi

    ews o

    f cen

    ter c

    ity a

    s wel

    l as t

    he v

    iew

    of J

    ohn

    Hei

    nz W

    ildlif

    e Pr

    eser

    ve a

    re tw

    o m

    ajor

    vie

    ws t

    hat a

    s the

    pa

    ssen

    gers

    on

    the

    train

    will

    see.

    The

    y ar

    e bo

    th v

    isib

    le to

    the

    pass

    enge

    r goi

    ng b

    oth

    way

    s. P

    asse

    nger

    s get

    a b

    ette

    r vie

    w

    of b

    oth

    view

    s on

    the

    way

    to c

    ente

    r city

    , whi

    ch c

    an p

    rovi

    de th

    e ex

    perie

    nce

    as a

    icon

    for p

    eopl

    e co

    min

    g to

    Phi

    lade

    lphi

    a fr

    om o

    ther

    pla

    ces.

    O

    nce

    in th

    e te

    rmin

    als t

    he tr

    ain

    corr

    idor

    bec

    omes

    ver

    y is

    olat

    ed.

    It is

    stuc

    k in

    bet

    wee

    n tw

    o bu

    ildin

    gs a

    nd ro

    ads

    on e

    ither

    side

    ther

    efor

    e m

    akin

    g th

    e ex

    perie

    nce

    of g

    ettin

    g to

    the

    train

    mor

    e of

    a h

    assl

    e an

    d ev

    en st

    ress

    ful T

    he ta

    xi la

    ne is

    a

    two

    lane

    road

    with

    som

    e pu

    ll of

    f are

    as b

    ut n

    ot a

    t all

    stat

    ions


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