CHARLIE CHAPLIN James Agee wrote of Chaplin, the finest
pantomime, the deepest emotion, and the richest and most poignant
poetry were in [his] work. Andrew Sarris called Chaplin the single
most important artist produced by the cinema, certainly its most
extraordinary performer, and probably still its most universal
CHAPLINS MOTHER Charliealways cited his own mother as a great
inspiration. Hannah was a singer and character comedienne in the
British music halls. Hannah Chaplin
HANNAH CHAPLIN Sadly her career was blighted on and off by ill
health, and it was when her voice failed during one particular
performance that the young Charlie Chaplin got his first taste of
performing - he went on as an impromptu replacement.
HANNAH CHAPLIN Her health continued to decline and she found
herself making a poor living as a seamstress and was eventually put
into a mental hospital. Her other children were Sydney Chaplin, and
Wheeler Dryden - both by different fathers.
HANNAH CHAPLIN Charlieand Syd brought her over to live with
them in the U.S for the last seven years of her life.
CHARLIES FATHER The senior Charles Chaplin married Hannah in
1885 and took to the stage professionally a year later. Hewas well
known as a comic singer. Charles Chaplin
CHARLES CHAPLIN, SR. Hismarriage to Hannah did not last long,
and soon he was living with his mistress. Charliehad little contact
with his father, except for a short period when Hannah was in a
CHARLES CHAPLIN, SR. Alcoholism was a common problem amongst
many music hall stars of the period, and it was this that
eventually killed Chaplins father at such a young age.
CHAPLINS CHILDHOOD Charles Spencer Chaplin was born on April
16th, 1889, in Walworth, London Hischildhood, included extreme
poverty, workhouses, and seeing his mothers mental decline put her
into an institution. Chaplin Before Success
CHAPLINS CAREER He joined the Eight Lancashire Lads, and this
eventually led to Sherlock Holmes and Caseys Court Circus.
Eventually Charlie joined his brother in the Fred Karno
Company.Chaplin in Karno Show
CHAPLINS CAREER Karno was almost a college of comedy for them,
and the period had a huge impact on Charlie especially. In 1910
Charlie toured the U.S with the Karno group and returned for
another tour in 1912. Chaplin 1913
CHAPLINS CAREER It was on this tour that he was discovered by
Mack Sennett and his Keystone Film Company. His first film, in
1914, was aptly titled Making A Living.Chaplin and Sennett in
CHAPLINS CAREER His success was such that he was able to move
from one company to another, each time on to a better deal.
CHAPLINS CAREER In 1915 , after thirty-five films, he moved to
Essanay. It was here he really found his feet, not to mention his
longest serving leading lady, Edna Purviance. The Champion, The
Tramp and The Bank. Edna Purviance
CHAPLINS CAREER In 1916 he moved to Mutual, with even greater
control and financial rewards. At Mutual he made the definitive
Chaplin short comedies, The Rink, Easy Street, The Cure and The
CHAPLINS CAREER First National was next, and it was here he
constructed his full length masterpiece, The Kid. Shorter comedies
of note at this time included Sunnyside and The Idle Class.
THE BIG FOUR Along with his great friend, Douglas Fairbanks, as
well as Mary Pickford and D.W Griffith, Chaplin formed United
Artists in 1919. "So, the lunatics have taken over the
CHAPLINS CAREER He made his first film for them in 1923, the
Edna Purviance vehicle, A Woman of Paris, perhaps the least known
of his films, but it was followed by the Chaplin classics - The
Gold Rush, The Circus, City Lights and Modern Times.
WIFES Mildred Harris Lita Grey Joan Barry ona ONeill
CHARLIES LAST WIFE When Charlie married Oona in June 1943, he
at last found true happiness, and it seems they had both found
their soul mates, despite the fact that Oona was only 18, and
Charlie was 53.
FILMMAKING TECHNIQUES Chaplin never spoke more than cursorily
about his filmmaking methods, claiming such a thing would be
tantamount to a magician spoiling his own illusion. In fact, until
he began making spoken dialogue films with The Great Dictator in
1940, Chaplin never shot from a completed script. The method he
developed, once his Essanay contract gave him the freedom to write
for and direct himself, was to start from a vague.
FILMMAKING TECHNIQUES As ideas were accepted and discarded, a
narrative structure would emerge, frequently requiring Chaplin to
reshoot an already- completed scene that might have otherwise
contradicted the story. Chaplins unique filmmaking techniques
became known only after his death, when his rare surviving outtakes
and cut sequences were carefully examined in the 1983 British
documentary Unknown Chaplin.
FILMMAKING TECHNIQUES This is one reason why Chaplin took so
much longer to complete his films than his rivals did. In addition,
Chaplin was an incredibly exacting director, showing his actors
exactly how he wanted them to perform and shooting scores of takes
until he had the shot he wanted. Animator Chuck Jones, who lived
near Charlie Chaplins Lone Star studio as a boy, remembered his
father saying he watched Chaplin shoot a scene more than a hundred
times until he was satisfied with it
AWARDS AND RECOGNITION Statue of Chaplin in Leicester Square,
London. Chaplinwas knighted in 1975 at the age of 85 as a Knight
Commander of the British Empire (KBE) by Queen Elizabeth II. Among
other recognitions, Chaplin was given a star on the Hollywood Walk
of Fame in 1970
AWARDS AND RECOGNITIONA statue of Charlie Chaplin was made by
John Doubleday, to stand in Leicester Square in London, as he and
his family spent long holidays in The Butler Arms Hotel during the
ACADEMY AWARDS Chaplin received three Academy Awards in his
lifetime: one for Best Original Score, and two Honorary Awards.
However, during his active years as a filmmaker, Chaplin expressed
disdain for the Academy Awards.
ACADEMY AWARDS The 1st Academy Awards ceremony: When the first
Oscars were awarded on 16 May 1929, Chaplins The Circus was set to
be heavily recognised, as Chaplin had originally been nominated for
Best Production, Best Director in a Comedy Picture, Best Actor and
Best Writing (Original Story).
ACADEMY AWARDS The 13th Academy Awards ceremony: In 1941, The
Great Dictator was nominated for five awards, including two for
Chaplin: Best Writing and Best Actor, but Chaplin lost out on both
counts. The 44th Academy Awards ceremony: Chaplins second Oscar was
awarded forty-three years after his first, in 1972. Chaplin came
out of exile to accept the Honorary Award for "the incalculable
effect he has had in making motion pictures the art form of this
ACADEMY AWARDS ...Stepping onto the stage, Chaplin received the
longest standing ovation in Academy Award history, lasting a full
twelve minutes. The 45th Academy Awards ceremony: In 1973, Chaplins
film Limelight was honoured with an Oscar for Best Original Score.
Though the film had originally been released in 1952, due to
Chaplins political difficulties at the time, the film did not play
for one week in Los Angeles, and thus did not meet the criterion
for nomination until it was re-released in 1972.
COMPARISON WITH OTHER SILENT COMICS Since the 1960s, Chaplins
films have been compared to those of Buster Keaton and Harold Lloyd
(the other two great silent film comedians of the time), especially
among the loyal fans of each comic. The three had different styles:
Chaplin had a strong affinity for sentimentality and pathos (which
was popular in the 1920s), Lloyd was renowned for his everyman
persona and 1920s optimism, and Keaton adhered to onscreen stoicism
with a cynical tone more suited to modern audiences.
COMPARISON WITH OTHERSILENT COMICS Commercially, Chaplin made
some of the highest- grossing films in the silent era; The Gold
Rush is the fifth with US$4.25 million and The Circus is the
seventh with US$3.8 million. However, Chaplins films combined made
about US$10.5 million while Lloyds grossed US$15.7 million. Buster
Keatons films were not nearly as commercially successful as
Chaplins or Lloyds even at the height of his popularity, and only
received belated critical acclaim in the late 1950s and 1960s.
SOME FACTS From 1917 to 1918, silent film actor Billy West made
more than 20 films as a comedian precisely imitating Chaplins The
Tramp. Shree 420 and Awaara main characters are heavily influenced
by The Tramp character, makeup and costume In 1985, Chaplin was
honoured with his image on a postage stamp of the United- Kingdom,
and in 1994 he appeared on United States postage stamp
SOME FACTSA minor planet, 3623 Chaplin, discovered by Soviet
astronomer Lyudmila Karachkina in 1981, is named after Chaplin.
On15 April 2011, a day before his 122nd birthday anniversary,
Google celebrated this with a special Google Doodle video on its
global and other country-wide homepages
INTEREST IN PERSONALITIES....Chaplin with Mahatma Gandhi in
Canning Town, London,1931.
AFFECTION WITH SCIENTIST....... Chaplin with Albert
CHAPLINS FINAL DAYS He spent his final years writing music for
his films and enjoying his family life. He died, at 4 a.m on
Christmas Day in 1977. Les Quais de Vevey
ThankYou.............. SAGAR KAMBLE, T.Y.B.TECH SGGS INSTITUTE
OF ENGG. &TECH. NANDED, MAHARASHTRA, 39 INDIA.