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Preface - Westminster Shorter 2 Harmony of the Westminster Standards Confession of Faith Larger...

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  • Preface

    This is the first release copy of this harmony. It may need a few more corrections and refinements before it is truly finished. Please look it over and note any errors or sugges- tions you have. I know that there were errors in the actual texts of the standards (they were probably computer scanned). I had to manually type in the Bible Presbyterian changes so they could also have errors. I have corrected those problems I have found but am counting on others to help locate additional errors. Also note any problems or sug- gestions concerning the harmonization. If you have suggestions on improving the format please note them as well.

    I am also interested in putting a topical index together but I have not the time at pre- sent. If you have ideas on how to do this please write them down. (That is which topics and statements / questions go together.) In Christ Mark E. Baldwin

  • Table of Contents PREFACE i TABLE OF CONTENTS iii CHAPTER ONE: OF THE HOLY SCRIPTURE 1

    Confession of Faith Ch. 1; Larger Catechism 1-6; Shorter Catechism 1-3 1 Notes 5

    CHAPTER TWO: OF GOD AND OF THE HOLY TRINITY 7 Confession of Faith Ch. 2; Larger Catechism 7-11; Shorter Catechism 4-6 7 Notes 9

    CHAPTER THREE: OF GOD'S ETERNAL DECREE 11 Confession of Faith Ch. 3; Larger Catechism 12-13; Shorter Catechism 7 11 Notes 13

    CHAPTER FOUR: OF CREATION 15 Confession of Faith Ch. 4; Larger Catechism 14-17; Shorter Catechism 8-10 15 Notes 16

    CHAPTER FIVE: OF PROVIDENCE 17 Confession of Faith Ch. 5; Larger Catechism 18-19; Shorter Catechism 11 17 Notes 19

    CHAPTER SIX: OF THE FALL, OF SIN, AND OF THE PUNISHMENT THEREOF 21

    Confession of Faith Ch. 6; Larger Catechism 21-29; Shorter Catechism 13-19 21 Notes 23

    CHAPTER SEVEN: OF GOD'S COVENANT WITH MAN 25 Confession of Faith Ch. 7; Larger Catechism 30-35; Shorter Catechism 20 25 Notes 28

    CHAPTER EIGHT: OF CHRIST THE MEDIATOR 29 Confession of Faith Ch. 8; Larger Catechism 36-57; Shorter Catechism 21-28 29 Notes 38

    CHAPTER NINE: OF FREE WILL 39 Confession of Faith Ch. 10; Larger Catechism 149-152; Shorter Catechism 82-84 39 Notes 42

    CHAPTER TEN: OF EFFECTUAL CALLING 43 Confession of Faith Ch. 10; Larger Catechism 57-60, 66-68; Shorter Catechism 29-32 43 Notes 46

    CHAPTER ELEVEN: OF JUSTIFICATION 47 Confession of Faith Ch. 11; Larger Catechism 70-71; Shorter Catechism 33 47 Notes 49

    CHAPTER TWELVE: OF ADOPTION 51 Confession of Faith Ch. 12; Larger Catechism 74; Shorter Catechism 34 51 Notes 51

    CHAPTER THIRTEEN: OF SANCTIFICATION 53 Confession of Faith Ch. 13; Larger Catechism 75, 77-78; Shorter Catechism 35-36 53 Notes 54

    CHAPTER FOURTEEN: OF SAVING FAITH 55 Confession of Faith Ch. 14; Larger Catechism 153, 72-73; Shorter Catechism 85-86 55 Notes 56

    CHAPTER FIFTEEN: OF REPENTANCE UNTO LIFE 57

  • iv Harmony of the Westminster Standards

    Confession of Faith Ch. 15;Larger Catechism 76;Shorter Catechism 87 57 Notes 58

    CHAPTER SIXTEEN: OF GOOD WORKS 59 Confession of Faith Ch. 16;Larger Catechism 78 59 Notes 61

    CHAPTER SEVENTEEN: OF THE PERSEVERANCE OF THE SAINTS 63 Confession of Faith Ch. 17;Larger Catechism 79 63 Notes 64

    CHAPTER EIGHTEEN: OF THE ASSURANCE OF GRACE AND SALVATION65 Confession of Faith Ch. 18;Larger Catechism 80-81 65 Notes 67

    CHAPTER NINETEEN: OF THE LAW OF GOD 69 Confession of Faith Ch. 19, 21:7-8; Larger Catechism 91-152; Shorter Catechism 39-84 69 Notes 104

    CHAPTER TWENTY: OF CHRISTIAN LIBERTY AND LIBERTY OF CONSCIENCE 105

    Confession of Faith Ch. 20 105 Notes 107

    CHAPTER TWENTY ONE: OF RELIGIOUS WORSHIP AND THE SABBATH- DAY 109

    Confession of Faith Ch. 21; Larger Catechism 116-117, 178-196; Shorter Catechism 59-60, 98-107 109

    Notes 104 CHAPTER TWENTY TWO: OF LAWFUL OATHS AND VOWS 123

    Confession of Faith Ch. 22 123 Notes 125

    CHAPTER TWENTY THREE: OF THE CIVIL MAGISTRATE 127 Confession of Faith Ch. 23 127 Notes 129

    CHAPTER TWENTY FOUR: OF MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE 131 Confession of Faith Ch. 24 131 Notes 132

    CHAPTER TWENTY FIVE: OF THE CHURCH 133 Confession of Faith Ch. 25; Larger Catechism 61-65 133 Notes 104

    CHAPTER TWENTY SIX: OF THE COMMUNION OF SAINTS 137 Confession of Faith Ch. 26; Larger Catechism 65-66, 69, 82-83, 86, 90;

    Shorter Catechism 36-38 137 Notes 104

    CHAPTER TWENTY SEVEN: OF THE WORD AND THE SACRAMENTS 141 Confession of Faith Ch. 27; Larger Catechism 153-164; Shorter Catechism 85, 88-93 141 Notes 104

    CHAPTER TWENTY EIGHT: OF BAPTISM 147 Confession of Faith Ch. 28; Larger Catechism 165-167; Shorter Catechism 94-95 147 Notes 104

    CHAPTER TWENTY NINE: OF THE LORD'S SUPPER 151 Confession of Faith Ch. 29; Larger Catechism 168-177; Shorter Catechism 96-97 151 Notes 104

    CHAPTER THIRTY: OF CHURCH CENSURES 159 Confession of Faith Ch. 30 159 Notes 160

  • Harmony of the Westminster Standards v

    CHAPTER THIRTY ONE: OF SYNODS AND COUNCILS 161 Confession of Faith Ch. 31 161 Notes 162

    CHAPTER THIRTY TWO: OF THE STATE OF MAN AFTER DEATH AND OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD 163

    Confession of Faith Ch. 32; Larger Catechism 84-87; Shorter Catechism 37 163 Notes 165

    CHAPTER THIRTY THREE: OF THE LAST THINGS 167 Confession of Faith Ch. 33; Larger Catechism 88-90; Shorter Catechism 38 167 Notes 169

    INDEX 171

  • Chapter One:

    Of The Holy Scripture

    Confession of Faith Ch. 1; Larger Catechism 1-6; Shorter Catechism 1-3

    Confession of Faith Larger Catechism Shorter Catechism WLC 1 What is the chief and

    highest end of man? A. Man's Chief and highest end is to glorify God,1 and fully to en- joy him forever.2 1Rom. 11:36; 1 Cor. 10:31 2Ps 73:24-28; John 17:21-23

    WSC 1 What is the chief end of man? A. Man's chief end is to glorify God1 and to enjoy him forever.2 11 Cor. 10:31; Rom. 11:36 2Ps. 73:25-28

    WCF 1.1 Although the light of nature, and the works of creation and providence do so far manifest the goodness, wisdom, and power of God, as to leave men unexcus- able;1 yet are they not sufficient to give that knowledge of God, and of His will, which is neces- sary unto salvation:2 therefore it pleased the Lord, at sundry times, and in divers manners, to reveal Himself, and to declare that His will unto His Church;3 and after- wards, for the better preserving and propagating of the truth, and for the more sure establishment and comfort of the Church against the corruption of the flesh, and the malice of Satan and of the world, to commit the same wholly unto writing;4 which maketh the Holy Scripture to be most necessary;5 those former ways of God's revealing His will unto His people being now ceased.6 1Rom. 2:14, 15; Rom. 1:19, 20; Ps. 19:1,

    2, 3; Rom. 1:32; Rom. 2:1. 21 Cor. 1:21; 1 Cor. 2:13, 14 3Heb. 1:1 4Prov. 22:19, 20, 21;Luke 1:3, 4; Rom.

    15:4; Matt. 4:4, 7, 10; Isa. 8:19, 20. 52 Tim. 3:15; 2 Pet. 1:19 6Heb. 1:1, 2

    WLC 2 How doth it appear that there is a God? A. The very light of nature in man, and the works of God, de- clare plainly that there is a God;1 but his word and Spirit only, do sufficiently and effectually reveal him unto men for their salvation.2 1Rom. 1:19, 20; Ps. 19:13; Acts 17:28 21 Cor. 2:9, 10; 2 Tim. 3:1517; Isa. 59:21

    WCF 1.2 Under the name of WLC 3 What is the word of WSC 2 What rule hath God

  • 2 Harmony of the Westminster Standards

    Confession of Faith Larger Catechism Shorter Catechism Holy Scripture, or the Word of God written, are now contained all the books of the Old and New Testament, which are these: Of the Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, I Samuel, II Samuel, I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, II Chronicles, Ezra, Nehe- miah, Esther, Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ec- clesiastes, The Song of Songs, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Mi- cah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Hag- gai, Zechariah, Malachi, Of the New Testament: The Gospels according to Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, The Acts of the Apostles, Paul's Epistles to the Romans, Corinthians I, Corinthians II, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, Thessalonians I, Thessalonians II, To Timothy I, To Timo- thy II, To Titus, To Philemon, The Epistle to the Hebrews, The Epistle of James, The first and second Epistles of Peter, The first, second, and third Epistles of John, The Epistle of Jude, The Revelation All which are given by inspiration of God to be the rule of faith and life.1 1Luke 16:29, 31; Eph. 2:20; Rev. 22:18,

    19; 2 Tim. 3:16.

    God? A. The Holy scriptures of the Old and New Testament are the word of God,1 the only rule of faith and obedience.2 12 Tim. 3:16; 2 Pet. 1:1921; 2Eph. 2:20; Rev. 22:18, 19; Isa. 8:20;

    Luke 16:29, 31; Gal. 1:8, 9; 2 Tim. 3:15, 16.

    given to direct us how we may glorify and enjoy him? A. The word of God, which is contained in the scriptures of the Old and New Testaments,1 is the only rule to direct us how we may glorify and enjoy him.2 12 Tim. 3:16; Eph. 2:20 21 John 1:3, 4

    WCF 1.3 The books commonly called Apocrypha, not being of divine inspiration, are no part of the canon of the Scripture; and therefore are of no authority in the Church of God, nor to be any otherwise approved, or made use of, than other human writings.1 1Luke 24:27, 44; Rom. 3:2; 2 Pet. 1:21.

    WCF 1.4

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