The Prince and the Pauper
adapted by Jonathan Boltbased on the Mark Twain book
Set Design Costume Design Lighting Design Sound DesignSara Ryung Clement Alex Jaeger Lonnie Rafael Alcaraz Tom Cavnar
Fight Director Production Manager Stage ManagerMartin Noyes David Leavenworth Kristin Ahlgren*
directed by Nicholas C. Avila
The Prince and the Pauper was originally commissioned and produced by TheatreworksUSA of New York City
Julianne Argyros Stage February 9 - 25, 2007
Theatre for Young Audiences
The Theatre for Young Audiences season has been made possible in part by generous grants from
The Nicholas Endowment and The Segerstrom Foundation
South Coast Repertory
Everyone must have a ticket. No babes in arms allowed.Latecomers will be asked to watch the lobby monitor until an appropriate timewhen they can be taken into the theatre and seated at the discretion of theHouse Manager. They may then take their assigned seats at intermission.
Special seating arrangements can be made for disabled patrons in advance bycalling South Coast Repertorys Ticket Services Department at 714-708-5555.
As a courtesy to all patrons, please turn off all cellular phones, pagers and watchalarms or switch them to non-audible mode before the performance begins. Ifdoctors or parents expect calls during a performance, please leave your name andseat number with the House Manager, who can be reached at 714-708-5500, ext.5442.
The CastMiles Hendon/Others . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MARK COYAN*Lord Chamberlain/Others . . . . . . . . JOHN-DAVID KELLER*Lady Jane/Others . . . . . . . . . . . . . MARY DOLSON KILDARE*Prince Edward . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ALEX MILLER*Tom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . GRAHAM MILLER*John Canty/Others . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TOM SHELTON*
* denotes members of Actors Equity Association, the union of professional actors and stage managers
For Your Information
DAVID EMMES MARTIN BENSON PAULA TOMEIProducing Artistic Director Artistic Director Managing Director
JOHN GLORE LORI MONNIERAssociate Artistic Director General Manager
JEFF GIFFORD MELAINE BENNETT BIL SCHROEDERProduction Manager Development Director Marketing & Communications Director
Cristin Downs PRODUCTION ASSISTANTKristin Calhoun STAGE MANAGEMENT INTERNElisabeth Vella LIGHTING BOARD OPERATOR
Tom Cavnar SOUND BOARD OPERATORKelly Marshall DRESSERErika Palmaer PRODUCTION INTERN
Linda Sullivan Baity THEATRE FOR YOUNG AUDIENCES COORDINATORJoanne DeNaut CASTING DIRECTOR
FOLINO THEATRE CENTER SEGERSTROM CENTER FOR THE ARTS655 Town Center Drive, Costa Mesa, CA 92626 714-708-5555 www.scr.org
THESE FOLKS BUILT THE SCENERYJon Lagerquist, Technical Director
John Gaddis IV, Assistant Technical DirectorJeremy Lazzara, Master CarpenterAmanda Horak, Scenic Carpenter
Judy Allen, Lead Scenic ArtistTabatha Daly, Gabriel Barrera, Scenic Artists
THESE PEOPLE CREATED THE PROPSJohn Slauson, Property Shop Manager
Byron Bacon, Assistant Property Shop Manager/BuyerJeffery G. Rockey, Properties ArtisanSara Greenhouse, Properties Artisan
THE FOLLOWING MADE THE COSTUMESAmy L. Hutto, Costume Shop ManagerCarol Cooley, Cutter/DraperLaurie Donati, Full Charge CostumerMK Steeves, Wig MasterKelly Meurer, Wig Maintenance TechnicianLisa Kovarik, Wardrobe SupervisorCatherine Esera, Amber Johnson, Mai Nguyen,
Additional Costume Staff
THIS GROUP DEALS WITH LIGHTS & SOUNDElisha Griego, Lighting Design AssistantKeith Friedlander, Master ElectricianJulie Farris, Elisabeth Vella, Stage ElectriciansB.C. Keller, Audio EngineerTom Cavnar, Mark Johnson, Audio Technicians
SPECIAL THANKS TO
SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA BUSINESS FORMS PROGRAM PRINTER
TThheessee ffoollkkss aarree hheellppiinngg rruunn tthhee sshhooww bbaacckk ssttaaggee!!
AAnndd tthheessee ffoollkkss hheellppeedd ggeett iitt rreeaaddyy ffoorr yyoouu!!
South Coast Repertory
The Prince and the Pauperby Mark Twain
The Prince and the Pauper:A Tale for Young People ofAll Ages was written by authorSamuel Clemens (pen nameMark Twain) for his youngdaughters, Susie and Clara, towhom the book is affectionatelydedicated. As he wrote,Clemens would read aloud tohis loving little audience of two,eagerly awaiting their reactions.
Susie Clemens laterdeclared, I have wanted papato write a book that wouldreveal his kind sympatheticnature, and The Prince and the Pauper does it. The book is full oflovely charming ideas and oh the language! It is perfect, I think!
Here is an excerpt from Chapter III, Toms Meeting with the Prince
Poor little Tom, in his rags, approached, and was movingslowly and timidly past the sentinels, with a beating heartand a rising hope, when all at once he caught sightthrough the golden bars of a spectacle that almost made him shoutfor joy. Within was a comely boy, tanned and brown with sturdyoutdoor sports and exercises, whose clothing was all of lovely silksand satins, shining with jewels; at his hip a little jewelled swordand dagger; dainty buskins on his feet, with red heels; and on hishead a jaunty crimson cap, with drooping plumes fastened with agreat sparkling gem. Several gorgeous gentlemen stood nearhisservants, without a doubt. Oh! he was a princea prince, a livingprince, a real princewithout the shadow of a question; and theprayer of the pauper-boys heart was answered at last.
Toms breath came quick and short with excitement, and hiseyes grew big with wonder and delight. Everything gave way in
his mind instantly to one desire: that was to get close to theprince, and have a good, devouring look at him. Before he knewwhat he was about, he had his face against the gate-bars. Thenext instant one of the soldiers snatched him rudely away, andsent him spinning among the gaping crowd of country gawks andLondon idlers. The soldier said,
Mind thy manners, thou young beggar!The crowd jeered and laughed; but the young prince sprang
to the gate with his face flushed, and his eyes flashing with indig-nation, and cried out,
How darst thou use apoor lad like that? Howdarst thou use the Kingmy fathers meanest sub-ject so? Open the gates,and let him in!
(All 192 illustrations by Frank Merrill, John Hurley and L. S. Ipsen from the 1881first edition of The Prince and the Pauper are exactly reproduced in the Mark TwainLibrary edition published in 1983 by University of California Press.)
Edward, the Boy King
The real-life Princeof the title wasEdward VI (right),only son of King Henry VIII(below right) and his thirdwife, Jane Seymour (belowleft). In Mark Twains ver-sion, the prince is a fewyears older than the real onewas at the time he becameKing of England upon thedeath of his father in 1847.Another difference was thatthe real Edward was a sicklychild, unlike the healthy,high-spirited lad in Twainsbook and our play. Reigningonly five and a half years,Edward VI died of measlesand tuberculosis in 1553 atthe tender age of fifteen.
Sealing the DealIn olden days, seals were used on most letters to close them andto prove they were from the person who sent them. But a GreatSeal was special: it belonged to the monarch and bore his or herlikeness, as well as other important clues to the royal identity. Allimportant official documents had a wax impression of the GreatSealthe key to the kingdomattached to prove that it con-tained the monarchs wishes or commands. In a time when fewpeople could read or write, they could easily understand themeaning of the Great Seal.
Below are the front and back sides of the Great Seal of theRealm designed by King Henry VIII, father of Prince Edward.Among its many images are crosses (symbolizing Henrys leader-ship of the Church of England), the Tudor rose and the familycoats-of-arms (emblems of all Tudor monarchs), a throne, crowns,and scepter (symbolizing royalty), and swords, armor and a charg-ing horse (symbolizing military strength). Around the outside edgeare Latin words spelling out Henrys official Motto.
Heres an ideawhy not design a Great Seal for yourself, or forsomeone you know? Just remember a few simple guidelines: Your seal must be round, with both a front and a back. The seal must contain important clues about the person, such
as where they live, what they do, what they like, etc. Use emblems and symbols to describe this person, and remem-
ber to include an official motto around the outer edge.
Whos Who in the Cast
I was introduced to acting at an earlyage. My first appearance on stage was atthe age of six playing such seminal char-acters as Winnie the Pooh and the Gin-gerbread Man. I have my first gradeteacher to thank for leading me down thepath of imagination. Many years later, Iwas lucky enough to be in a moviecalled Gleaming the Cube with skate-
board legend Tony Hawk. Talk about a fun experience! I couldhave never guessed at that time that someday he would have hisown video game. The last time I performed at SCR, I played famedscientist Albert Einstein in a show that taught the importance of en-ergy conservation. I often play the bad guy in a play. But its allin fun. Thats the great part about acting: being able to portray acharacter who is often times greatly different from yourself.
I have directed more plays for childrenand more children in plays than anyoneat SCR. As the director of A ChristmasCarol since it began 27 years ago, I givea lot of local kids their start in theatre.And, as the director for almost all of theEducational Touring Productions, I sendplays to local schoolsthis season, Istaged the Educational Touring Produc-tion of Bad Water Blues: A Coral Reef Mystery. In addition, I directedthe first Theatre for Young Audiences production of The EmperorsNew Clothes. Im also an actor and have appeared in many SCR pro-ductions including the TYA production of The Wind in the Willows.
MMaarrkk CCooyyaann((MMiilleess HHeennddoonn//OOtthheerrss))
JJoohhnn--DDaavviidd KKeelllleerr((LLoorrdd CChhaammbbeerrllaaiinn//OOtthheerrss))
Last year, my family and I movedfrom New York City to Los An-geles, and it is great to bemaking new friends at SCR andin The Prince and the Pauper.Thanks so much to Nick Avila, ourdirector, for his hard work andfriendship. My favorite class in schoolwas English Literature, and I remember
reading Huckleberry Finn and The Adventures of Tom Sawyer two other novels by Mark Twain. If you like our play, youshould try reading those books as well!
I am thrilled to be returning to SCR as aPrince! I was seen recently at this verytheatre as James in James and the GiantPeach and as Pr Quinly in The Adven-tures of Pr Quinly. I have loved per-forming since a very young age inshows like Oliver! and Mame and con-tinued in Anything Goes, Pippin and theThe Velveteen Rabbit (as the rabbit him-self!). My grandmother is from England, a beautiful place where I
also attended college, appearing in West Side Story, Nine andThe Grimm Tales as a rabbit and a drummin dog. Since mymove to L.A., I have been a dad in Grand Hotel, a Frank Sinatra
crooner in My Way and Gilbert in Anne of Green Gables. I havealso been seen on TV with my brother Graham on Killer Instinctand Las Vegas. When Im not performing, I babysit my buddiesJack and Evan who keep me young at heart.
MMaarryy DDoollssoonn KKiillddaarree((LLaaddyy JJaannee//OOtthheerrss))
AAlleexx MMiilllleerr((PPrriinnccee EEddwwaarrdd))
Welcome! Im pleased to be doing my firstshow at South Coast Repertory. Ive beenperforming since I was a young boy and
wanted to be an actor for as long as Ican remember. Its fun to be workingwith my twin brother again. Weve done
plays together before and in some of themwe even switched parts. Weve also doneepisodes of the TV shows Las Vegas andKiller Instinct together. On my own Iveplayed a student on Nip/Tuck, a reporter on Just Legal and anangel on Ghost Whisperer. My main joy is theatre, though, and Ihope you all enjoy the show.
I played Earthworm in James and theGiant Peach, Big Dippa and MisterRiver in The Adventures of Pr Quinly,Mr. Monroe and a giant celery stalk inBunnicula, Amos and Father Tree inPinocchio, the Mayor in The HobokenChicken Emergency and Mr. Toad inThe Wind in the Willows. Manyseasons ago I played Mr. Topper here
at SCR in A Christmas Carol. My favorite moments onstageinclude dancing in a sleeping bag (in SCRs touring show TheRight Self ), singing an aria to the moon from the prow of aship (as Captain Corcoran in HMS Pinafore), and in TravelsWith My Aunt at Laguna Playhouse, playing 13 differentpeople wearing a three-piece suit and a bowler hat all thewhile. I love being an actor because it helps make you quick onyour feet, smart about so many different things and a citizen ofthe whole world.
TToomm SShheellttoonn((JJoohhnn CCaannttyy//OOtthheerrss))
Behind the ScenesJonathan Bolt is the book author of Eleanor, which just complet-ed a successful run at Fords Theatre in Washington. His first play, Threads,was produced by New Yorks Circle Repertory Company. To Culebra, aboutthe building of the Panama Canal, and The Whore and the HEmpress pre-miered at the Actors Theatre of Louisville. His experience directing a Commu-nist Bulgarian theatre company inspired the comedy Oh! Dubrovnik! for The-atreworks/USA, he wrote the books for Bully, Teddy, Bully!, First Lady (hon-ored with a performance at the White House), Columbus! (with Doug Cohen)and Treasure Island. He is active as an actor on and Off-Broadway, on televi-sion and in films. He has appeared in over 100 productions at major regionaltheatres and directed more than 30, including premieres by Arthur Miller, Ed-ward Bond and Paul Zindel. He is married to the actress/singer Donna Eng-lish.
Nicholas C. Avila is very proud to be directing his first showhere at SCR. It has been a dream of his for a long time to work at this amaz-ing theatre company. Nicholas love of the theatre began when he saw hisfirst play, which was a production of The Prince and the Pauper as a youngboy. Since then Nicholas has been studying the theatre as an actor, then a di-rector for many years with many wonderful teachers at Antioch High School,Diablo Valley College, Chapman University and the Yale School of Drama. Itis his great pleasure to have the opportunity to tell the story that changed hislife and telling it at SCR for all of you is living proof that dreams do come true.
Sara Ryung Clement is a Los Angeles-based set and cos-tume designer. She went to Princeton University, where she studied very seri-ous things like Modernism and Greek Tragedy. She decided to be a theatreartist after a summer of making giant 10-foot tall puppets with In the Heart ofthe Beast Puppet and Mask Theatre in Minneapolis. Now that she is a design-er, Sara spends her time making stoves explode, spray-painting graffiti on the-atre walls, and figuring out how to make it rain onstage. Sara received herMFA from the Yale School of Drama.
Alex Jaeger designs costumes for theatres all over the country. Hehas designed six shows for SCR and is thrilled to be back after working on theTheatre for Young Audiences production of Pinocchio. Alex went to artschool in Boston and studied costume design at UCLA. He helps to dress lotsof famous actors, performers and rock stars. He has always loved to draw andpaint and decided to turn that into a career. His advicefollow your dreams!
Lighting Designer Lonnie Rafael Alcaraz grew up inOrange County and first started in theatre at Estancia High School, where hewas inspired greatly by his drama teacher, Barbara Van Holt. He went on tostudy theatre at Orange Coast College, and he received his BA and MFA fromUC Irvine. He has designed many productions at SCR, including twelveyears of La Posada Mgica. Other credits include six seasons at UtahShakespearean Festival. He also designed shows, attractions and architecturefor Universal Studios Japan and lived in Japan for two years. He is a mem-ber of USA Local 829, a Professor of Lighting at UC Irvine and is anAssociate Artist with Cornerstone Theater Company.
Sound Designer Tom Cavnar has been fascinated with soundand music since he was very young. He learned to play guitar when hewas nine, and sang in a professional boys choir when he was ten. Tomwas introduced to theatre by drama teacher Anne K-M as a freshman in highschool, and has been busy working in theatres across the country ever since.He has designed sound for five productions at SCR, and has been SoundBoard Operator for many TYA shows, most recently James and the GiantPeach. Tom has also designed sound for several childrens theatre pieces atKansas Citys The Coterie Theatre, including After Juliet and Zorro. Tomgot his BA in Theatre from Western Michigan University, then his MFA inTheatre Sound Design from the University of Missouri, Kansas City.
Fight Director Martin Noyes got his start in Stage Combat whenhe was 14 years old. He knew the moment he picked up a sword that hewanted to be a Fight Director. He can fight with all sorts of weapons, fromwhips to knives to broadswords. Martin also went to school, and has hisBFA from Southern Oregon University, and his MFA from the University ofAlabama, both in acting. He got his start here at SCR when he was 11 yearsold, when he was a student in the Theatre Conservatory. He enjoys acting,teaching and of course fight directing.
Stage Manager Kristin Ahlgren* became a stage managerbecause she discovered doing it was much more fun than piano lessons,dance class or acting camp. She has worked for Long Wharf Theatre, La JollaPlayhouse, Opera Pacific, Independent Shakespeare Company, PacificResident Theatre, Ensemble Theatre Company and Disneyland, where she gotto set the Rivers of America on fire every night for two summers working onFANTASMIC. This is her third production at SCR in recent memory, the firsttwo being The Stinky Cheese Man and James and the Giant Peach. Kristin isreally pleased this time to be part of a play where the characters smell goodand stay on the ground.
Whats in a NameThis is how young King Edward VI signed his name to all officialdocuments.
1. Use a pen or sharp-pointed pencil to trace directly over Edwardssignature.
2. Then see if you can duplicate Edwards signature in the first empty box
3. Now use the second empty box to design a royal signature for yourself!
Mark Twain originally intended for The Prince andthe Pauper to be a play rather than a book, butwhen he starting writing, he quickly realized thathe wasnt up to the task. Ifound that it requires qualities to makea play different from those needed towrite a book. To write a book one musthave great learning, high moral quali-ties and some other little things likethat. But to make a play requiresgenius.
The first genius todramatize The Prince andthe Pauper was Abby SageRichardson. Although Twain wasoriginally pleased about the project,he vigorously opposed Mrs.Richardsons idea to cast a charmingyoung actress named Elsie Leslie asboth the Edward and Tom Canty,which meant that all of the scenesrequiring both characters to appeartogether had to be eliminated.
Mrs. Richardsons dramatizationwas well-received but was never pro-duced again, whereas versions calling for sepa-rate performers in the title roles typically meet with great success.The only problem is finding two actors who look just alike!
Above, Mark Twain and Little Elsie at the Broadway Theatre. Illustration by HenryPruitt Share appeared in the January 26, 1890 edition of the New York Herald.
Visit SCR OnlineBe sure to check out our website www.scr.org for thePlaygoers Guide to The Prince and the Pauper, which fea-tures additional information about the play, plus links to a vari-ety of supplemental educational resources.
In the Theatre ShopTwain, Mark. The Prince and the Pauper: A Talefor Young People of All Ages. New Afterward by Everett Emerson (Penguin,2002)
They are the same age. They look alike.In fact, there is but one differencebetween them: Tom Canty is a child of theLondon slums; Edward Tudor is heir to thethrone of England. Just how insubstantialthis difference really is becomes clear whena chance encounter leads to an exchange of
clothing and of roles with the pauper caughtup in the pomp and folly of the royal court, and the prince
wandering, horror-stricken, through the lower depths of 16th-centu-ry English society. Out of the theme of switched identities, MarkTwain fashions both a scathing attack upon social injustice and anirresistible comedy full of the sense of high-spir-ited fun that belongs to his most creative period.
Twain, Mark. The Adventures of Tom Sawyerand Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. With a New Introduction by Shelley FisherFishkin (Penguin, 2002).
Take a lighthearted, nostalgic trip to asimpler time, seen through the eyes ofa very special boy named Tom Sawyerwho lives in a dreamlike summertimeworld filled with wild adventures, pranksand punishments, villains and heroes.Originally published in 1876, The Adventures of TomSawyer continues to captivate readers of all ages. Another delight-ful classic from one of Americas most beloved authors, Adventuresof Huckleberry Finn follows Hucks exciting flight down theMississippi River with the runaway slave, Jim. In the words ofErnest Hemingway, All modern American literature comes fromone book by Mark Twain called Huckleberry Finn.
Tis a PuzzleAcross2. dark underground prison3. extremely poor person6. wand symbolizing royal power9. supreme ruler of the land10. fancy chair for the king11. princes father12. kings son
Down1. one who inherits a royal title3. kings official residence4. silver coin valued at 2 pennies5. person of low social class7. coin worth of a British penny8. ceremony to crown a king
AnswersAcross: 2-dungeon; 3-pauper; 6-scepter; 9-sovereign; 10-throne;11-king; 12-prince. Down: 1-heir; 3-palace; 4-tuppence; 5-peasant;7-farthing; 8-coronation