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Psychology 1100 Stacey, Cortney, Nate, Chris * Stress is the body's reaction to a change that...

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  • Slide 1
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  • Psychology 1100 Stacey, Cortney, Nate, Chris
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  • * Stress is the body's reaction to a change that requires a physical, mental or emotional adjustment or response. * Stress can come from any situation or thought that makes you feel frustrated, angry, nervous, or anxious. * Stress is caused by an existing stress-causing factor or "stressor."
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  • * Stressor: * Stressors Major: * Stressors Minor: (pg 485)
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  • * Stressor:any situation, event, experience, or other stimulus that causes a person to feel stressed * Stressors Major: * Stressors Minor: (pg 485)
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  • * Stressor:any situation, event, experience, or other stimulus that causes a person to feel stressed * Stressors Major: Serious illness, unexpected job loss * Stressors Minor: (pg 485)
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  • * Stressor:any situation, event, experience, or other stimulus that causes a person to feel stressed * Stressors Major: Serious illness, unexpected job loss * Stressors Minor: ongoing hassles such as daily commute, tests, homework, missing the bus (pg 485)
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  • * Stress and Health: Repeated stress may cause physical damage * Hormonal reactions may eventually harm tissues and organs, accelerating disease processes (pg 486)
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  • Stress and Health: * Stressors make the immune system less efficient (pg 486)
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  • Stress and Health: * Stressors make the immune system less efficient * Stressors weaken the working memory (pg 486)
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  • Stress and Health: * Stressors make the immune system less efficient * Stressors weaken the working memory * Stressors fray the temper and attitude (pg 486)
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  • Emotional Signs
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  • * Apathy
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  • Emotional Signs * Apathy * Anxiety
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  • Emotional Signs * Apathy * Anxiety * Irritability
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  • Emotional Signs * Apathy * Anxiety * Irritability * Mental fatigue
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  • Emotional Signs * Apathy * Anxiety * Irritability * Mental fatigue * Overcompensation or denial grandiosity
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  • Behavioral Signs
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  • * Avoiding things
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  • Behavioral Signs * Avoiding things * Doing things to extremes
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  • Behavioral Signs * Avoiding things * Doing things to extremes * Administrative problems
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  • Behavioral Signs * Avoiding things * Doing things to extremes * Administrative problems * Legal problems
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  • Physical Signs
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  • * Excessive worrying about, or denial of illness
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  • Physical Signs * Excessive worrying about, or denial of illness * Frequent illness
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  • Physical Signs * Excessive worrying about, or denial of illness * Frequent illness * Physical exhaustion
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  • Physical Signs * Excessive worrying about, or denial of illness * Frequent illness * Physical exhaustion * Reliance of self medication
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  • Physical Signs * Excessive worrying about, or denial of illness * Frequent illness * Physical exhaustion * Reliance of self medication * Muscle tension
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  • Physical Signs * Excessive worrying about, or denial of illness * Frequent illness * Physical exhaustion * Reliance of self medication * Muscle tension * Ailments
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  • * Allostatic Load: term used for the total burden on a persons body from all stressors experienced, both: * Allostastis: * Hypothalmus:
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  • * Allostatic Load: term used for the total burden on a persons body from all stressors experienced, both: physical (such as obesity) psychological (such as divorce) * Allostastis: * Hypothalmus:
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  • * Allostatic Load: term used for the total burden on a persons body from all stressors experienced, both: physical (such as obesity) psychological (such as divorce) * Allostastis: is the ability to maintain stability through change; connected to homeostasis. * Hypothalmus:
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  • * Allostatic Load: term used for the total burden on a persons body from all stressors experienced, both: physical (such as obesity) psychological (such as divorce) * Allostastis: is the ability to maintain stability through change; connected to homeostasis. * Hypothalmus: reacts to stressors by triggering the release of hormones that protect the body by helping it to adapt, and overcome the problem
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  • Four As
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  • * Avoid
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  • Four As * Avoid * Alter
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  • Four As * Avoid * Alter * Adapt
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  • Four As * Avoid * Alter * Adapt * Accept
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  • Problem Focused coping (men) VS Emotion Focused coping (Women)
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  • Men Men are inclined to be problem-focused, reacting in a flight or fight manner.
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  • Men Men are inclined to be problem-focused, reacting in a flight or fight manner. * Faster heart rate, increased adrenaline prepares them for attack or escape
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  • Men Men are inclined to be problem-focused, reacting in a flight or fight manner. * Faster heart rate, increased adrenaline prepares them for attack or escape * Testosterone level rises when they attack a problem and decreases when they fail
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  • Women Women are more emotion-focused, likely to tend and befriend.
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  • Women Women are more emotion-focused, likely to tend and befriend. * Seek the company of other people when they are under pressure
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  • Women Women are more emotion-focused, likely to tend and befriend. * Seek the company of other people when they are under pressure * Produce Oxytocin, a hormone that leads them to see confidential and caring relationships
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  • Unhealthy ways to cope vs Healthy ways to cope
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  • Ask yourself Is it worth dying for? Remember, nurturing yourself is a necessity not a luxury.
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  • * Stress is the body's reaction to a change that requires a _______, _______ or ________ adjustment or response * physical, mental, emotional
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