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Quarterly employment statistics (QES) · PDF fileStatistics South Africa 2 P0277 Quarterly...

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  • Statistical release P0277

    Quarterly employment statistics(QES)

    March 2016

    Embargoed until:04 July 2016

    12:00 Enquiries: Forthcoming issue: Expected release date

    User information Services June 2016 27 September 2016 Tel:(012) 310 8600/4892/8390

  • Statistics South Africa 1 P0277

    Quarterly employment statistics, March 2016

    Contents...................................................................................................................................................................... Page

    Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................ 2

    New series (sample) on employment and earnings ............................................................................................... 2

    Table A: Frame comparison 3

    Table B: Sample comparison 3

    Key differences between the Quarterly labour force survey (QLFS) and the Quarterly employment survey

    (QES) ............................................................................................................................................................ 4

    Key findings: employment and earnings for the quarter ending March 2016 5

    Figure A: Employment in the non-agricultural formal sector, June 2013 March 2016 5

    Table C: Employment by industry 5

    Figure B: Gross earnings (R000) of employees in the formal non-agricultural sector, June

    2013 March 2016 6

    Table D: Gross earnings by industry 6

    Average monthly earnings ........................................................................................................................................ 7

    Table E: Average monthly earnings paid to employees in the formal non-agricultural sector 7

    Detailed employment changes by industry............................................................................................................. 8

    Detailed changes in gross earnings paid to employees. ....................................................................................... 9

    Part 1 Estimation of number of employees and their earnings ......................................................................... 10

    Table 1 - Total (all formal non-agricultural industries) 10

    Table 2 - Mining and quarrying industry 11

    Table 3 - Manufacturing industry 12

    Table 4 - Electricity, gas and water supply industry 13

    Table 5 - Construction industry 14

    Table 6 - Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles, motor cycles and personal and

    household goods; hotels and restaurants industry 15

    Table 7 - Transport, storage and communication industry 16

    Table 8 - Financial intermediation, insurance, real estate and business services industry 17

    Table 9 - Community, social and personal services industry 18

    Part 2 Estimation of average monthly earnings .................................................................................................. 19

    Table 1 Average monthly earnings at current prices, by industry 19

    Table 2 Average monthly earnings at constant prices, by industry 24

    Additional information ............................................................................................................................................... 29

    Technical notes ................................................................................................................................................... 29

    Table F: Estimates of number of employees by industry within 95% confidence limits 30

    Table G: Estimates of gross earnings (R' 000) by industry within 95% confidence limits 30

    Table H: Estimates of average monthly earnings, including bonuses and overtime payments,

    at current prices, by industry within 95% confidence limits 31

    Table I: Estimates of average monthly earnings, excluding bonuses and overtime payments,

    at current prices, by industry within 95% confidence limits 31

    Glossary ...................................................................................................................................................................... 35

    General information ................................................................................................................................................... 38

  • Statistics South Africa 2 P0277

    Quarterly employment statistics, March 2016

    Introduction

    The Quarterly employment statistics (QES) is an enterprise-based sample survey conducted by Statistics South Africa (Stats SA). The samples are drawn from private non-agricultural businesses such as factories, firms, offices, and stores, as well as from national, provincial and local government entities. The definition of industries is based on the System of National Accounts (SNA) and is in line with that in the Standard Industrial Classification of all Economic Activities (SIC), Fifth Edition, and Report No. 09-09-02 of January 1993. This survey covers employment statistics of the following industries:

    mining and quarrying;

    manufacturing;

    electricity, gas and water supply;

    construction;

    wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles, motor cycles and personal and household goods; and hotels and restaurants;

    transport, storage and communication;

    financial intermediation, insurance, real estate and business services; and

    community, social and personal services.

    New series (sample) on employment and earnings

    The current QES survey results are based on a sample drawn from the 2015 Business Sampling Frame (BSF) of

    Stats SA which contains enterprises registered for Value Added Tax (VAT) at the South African Revenue

    Service (SARS). The BSF is continuously updated by adding new enterprises and ceasing dormant enterprises.

    To measure the impact of changing the sample, parallel collection in both the 2013 sample and 2015 sample

    have been going on for 3 quarters. The result of the coverage enhancement work for the QES is that the level of

    employment shown by the new series from second quarter 2015 is considerably higher (approximately 200

    thousands) than published to date. From June 2013 quarter to the December 2015 quarter, the published survey

    results were based on a sample drawn from a list of employer entities created from the Business Register in

    April 2013. The new series, from the second 2015 quarter, are based on a sample drawn from a list of employer

    entities created from the Business Register in April 2015. Introduction of the new sample from the June 2015

    quarter enables Stats SA to provide users with survey results from June 2015 to March 2016 for both the old and

    new samples. Only the estimation of 2015 sample is published for the first 2016 quarter and hence forth.

    It is important to note that this break in the series relates mainly to the level of employment and earnings, rather

    than the growth rate of employment.

    The lift in the employment and earnings estimates from the 2015 sample may be assumed to be the following

    and not limited to:

    general growth in the South African economy between 2013 and 2015;

    small businesses growing to the extent that they are now captured in the registration process;

    greater compliance with administrative requirements to register as an employer; and

    increased coverage of the list of employer entities on Stats SAs Business Register through enhanced

    use of administrative data.

    Statistical tables provide detailed information regarding the number of persons employed; gross earnings and average monthly earnings for the reference quarter.

  • Statistics South Africa 3 P0277

    Quarterly employment statistics, March 2016

    Table A: Frame comparison

    Industry 2013 Frame 2015 Frame Difference % difference

    Mining and quarrying 11 11 0 0,0

    Manufacturing 29 273 28 582 -691 -2,4

    Electricity 267 384 117 43,8

    Construction 18 247 19 495 1 248 6,8

    Trade 63 769 65 135 1 366 2,1

    Transport 8 895 9 453 558 6,3

    Business 69 427 74 258 4 831 7,0

    Community 18 552 19 318 766 4,1

    Total 208 441 216 636 8 195 3,9

    Table B: Sample comparison

    Industry 2013 Sample 2015 Sample Difference % difference

    Mining and quarrying 11 11 0 0,0

    Manufacturing 6 927 6 632 -295 -4,3

    Electricity 98 121 23 23,5

    Construction 1 832 1 753 -79 -4,3

    Trade 5 062 5 003 -59 -1,2

    Transport 1 157 1 193 36 3,1

    Business 3 656 3 592 -64 -1,8

    Community 2 054 2 010 -44 -2,1

    Total 20 797 20 315 -482 -2,3

  • Statistics South Africa 4 P0277

    Quarterly employment statistics, March 2016

    Key differences between the Quarterly labour force survey (QLFS) and the Quarterly employment survey (QES)

    The Quarterly labour force survey (QLFS) is a survey of households which collects information from approximately 30 000 dwelling units, and collects data on the labour market activities of individuals; whereas Quarterly employment statistics (QES) is an enterprise based survey that collects information from non-agricultural businesses and organisations from approximately 20 000 units. The numerous conceptual and methodological differences between the household and enterprise based surveys result in important distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

    The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers whose businesses

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