Home >Documents >RAIL TRANSPORTATION DEMAND AND IMPACT...

RAIL TRANSPORTATION DEMAND AND IMPACT...

Date post:18-Jan-2020
Category:
View:2 times
Download:0 times
Share this document with a friend
Transcript:
  • RAIL TRANSPORTATION DEMAND AND IMPACT STUDY FOR BATU PAHAT, KLUANG AND MERSING

    MOHAMED WARSAME HASSAN

    This project report presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Master of Science in Railway Engineering

    Centre of Graduate Studies

    Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia

    JULY 20 1 5

  • ABSTRACT

    The increasing dependency on private motor vehicles has brought massive traffic

    congestion and thus, signalized notable demand for effective and efficient public

    transportation. Rail transit system in Malaysia, particularly in Johor is required in-line

    with the increasing concern for global environmental and climate change issues towards

    socio-economic development and population growth in Johor. This study is conducted to

    investigate the demand for rail transportation system which is proposed to link Batu

    Pahat, Kluang and Mersing districts which are expected to experience rapid growth in

    the near future. It is also conducted because currently, there is a remarkable socio-

    economic development, traffic growth and fast urban growth in the selected study area.

    However, it was found that there is no plan to establish a sustainable transportation

    system specially a rail transportation system and this study is carried out to fill up this ,'

    gap. The research methodology for this study is by several method of data collection

    using traffic impact assessment, public survey, site observation, interviews with railway

    industries and local authority. This is to investigate the current environmental status,

    socio-economic and existing traffic condition of Batu Pahat, Kluang, Mersing districts.

    It determines the needs to possibly link Batu Pahat, Kluang and Mersing using a rail

    network, with the evaluation of the viable railway line alignment and its projected

    impacts. From the study, it was found that approximately more than 60% of the response

    showed that rail transportation is demanded along the study area. Traffic projections

    indicated that about 3% of the year traffic growth and latest demographic statistics

    forecasted growth of about 2% (Batu Pahat), 1% (Kluang), and 0.1% (Mersing) yearly

    population growth. In conclusion it was found that if the railway route line proposed is

    viable and has a potential as future public transportation especially to connect Batu

    Pahat, Kluang and Mersing towns, implementing this Johor East-West rail network

    project will be able to heighten the environmental performance, socio-economic growth

    and the mobility of the townships population concerned.

  • ABSTRAK

    Kebergantungan terhadap kepenggunaan kenderaan persendirian adalah satu

    kebimbangan yang berkemungkinan mengakibatkan kesesakan trafik yang kritikal dan

    ini memerlukan wujudnya satu sistem pengangkutan awam yang efektif dan lancar.

    Sistem pengangkutan re1 di Malaysia khususnya di Johor adalah perlu sejajar dengan isu

    terhadap keprihatinan tentang alam sekitar dan perubahan cuaca global, pertumbuhan

    ekonomi dan pertambahan penduduk yang pesa. Kajian ini dilaksanakan bagi menyiasat

    keperluan wujudnya sistem pengangkutan re1 dan cadangan satu sistem re1 yang

    menghubungkan di antara daerah Batu Pahat, Kluang dan Mersing yang dijangka akan

    mengalami pembangunan yang pesat. Kajian ini dijalankan disebabkan terdapat

    pembangunan sosio-ekonomi yang ketara dengan pertambahan trafik dan pertumbuhan

    bandar yang cepat di kawasan yang dipilih. Manakala, pada masa yang sama, terdapat

    kekurangan perancangan bagi mewujudkan sistem pengangkutan yang lestari

    terutamanya sistem pengangkutan re1 dan kajian ini dijangka akan dapat memenuhi

    kekurangan yang berlaku. Metodologi kajian ini dilaksanakan dengan menggunakan ,'

    penilaian imp& trafik (Traffic Impact Assessment), soal selidik terhadap orang awam,

    pemerhatian di tapak, temubual dengan pihak industri dan pihak berkuasa rel. Ia perlu

    bagi menyiasat keadaan semasa bagi persekitaran, sosio-ekonomi dan trafik di sepanjang

    laluan Batu Pahat, Kluang dan Mersing. Ia juga akan menentukan keperluan jaringan re1

    dengan penilaian laluan yang paling sesuai dan jangkaan impak yang akan berlaku. Di

    akhir kajian ini, ia mendapati bahawa anggaran Iebih 60% daripada responden

    menunjukkan pengangkutan re1 adalah diperlukan. Unjuran trafik menunjukkan bahawa

    pertambahan trafik adalah dalam anggaran 3% setahun dan statistic demografik

    menjangkakan bahawa kadar pertumbuhan trafik sebanyak 2% (Batu Pahat), 1%

    (Kluang) dan 0.1% (Mersing) setahun. Kesimpulannya, kajian ini mendapati jika laluan

    re1 yang dicadangkan adalah viable dan berpotensi sebagai pengangkutan awam masa

    depan di antara Batu Pahat, Kluang dan Mersing. Ia juga dijangka akan menjadi projek

    jaringan re1 Timur-Barat Johor yang mampu membawa pembangunan kepada kawasan

    kajian di samping memelihara persekitaran, meningkatkan sosio-ekonomi penduduk dan

    melancarkan mobiliti penduduk di antara bandar yang berkaitan.

  • REFERENCES

    Ameri, M., Arjroody, A. R., & Ardebili, P. B. (2008, March). Estimating the effect of

    railway sector development on economics growth in Iran. In Railway

    Engineering-Challenges for Railway Transportation in Information Age, 2008.

    ICRE 2008. International Conference on (pp. 1-8). IET.

    Ahmad F. M., (2014), USM, seminar on sustainable transportation, at UTHM.

    Crampton, G. R. (2003, August). Economic development impacts of urban rail transport.

    In ERSA2003 Conference, Jyvaskyla, Finland (pp. 27-30).

    Chen, H., Zhang, F., & Qin, T. (2007, August). Study on the relation of local railroad

    freight transportation and region eco'nomic growth. In Automation and Logistics,

    2007 IEEE International Conference on (pp. 1835-1 839). IEEE.

    Canning, D. & Fay, M. (1993). The effects of transportation networks on economic

    growth.

    Chong, C. (201 1) "Sustainable Railway Development Through Careful Planning,

    Design and Implementation." Editorial Team: 26.

    Cascajo, R. (2005, May). Assessment of economic, social and environmental effects of

    rail urban projects. In Young Researchers Seminar. The Hague (NL)(Vol. 11, p.

    13).

    Chen, E. & Frank P. (201 3) "High Speed Rail" ABOUT: 24

    Den Boer, L. C., & Schroten, A. (2007). Traffic noise reduction in Europe. CE Delft, 14,

    2057-2068.

    Darvishsefan, A. A., Setoodeh, A., & Makhdom, M. (2004). Environmental

    consideration in railway route selection with GIs (case study: Rasht-Anzali

    railway in Iran). Map Asia.

of 34/34
RAIL TRANSPORTATION DEMAND AND IMPACT STUDY FOR BATU PAHAT, KLUANG AND MERSING MOHAMED WARSAME HASSAN This project report presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Master of Science in Railway Engineering Centre of Graduate Studies Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia JULY 20 1 5
Embed Size (px)
Recommended