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Regions of italy, finished

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  • 1. Regions of Italy

2. Italy has 20 regions or States. Each region hasits own traditions, dialect (form of Language)and its own history. As well as this each regionalso has unique culinary (cooking) traditions,architecture, geography (how the countrysidelooks) Italy is like many small countries withinone nation. The following slide contains a mapdisplaying the twenty modern regions of Italy. 3. The development of Italys regions can betraced as far back as ancient Roman times, rightthrough the medieval times, to the moderntimes. Italy as a Nation is young- just likeAustralia. Infact it was only united after a briefcivil war which was lead by the famous Italiangeneral Garibaldi, and the capital of thenation Rome was proclaimed in 1870. (For acomparison, Australia was united as a nation in1901). 4. Red: Duchy of Savoy;Yellow: Republic ofGenoa; White: Duchy ofMilan; Dark Green:Venetian Republic; Frost:Grand Duchy of Tuscany;Dark Gray: Papal States;Blue: Kingdom ofNaples(Under the controlof the Spanish HapsburgCrown); Orange:Kingdom of Sicily(Underthe control of the SpanishHapsburg Crown); Pink:Sardinia(Annexed toHapsburg Spain). 5. As you can see in the previous slide, beforeItaly was united as a nation in 1870 with thecapital of Rome, you can think of Italy beinglike a giant Cake that was divided upbetween the Pope and the catholic Church (TheRoman/Papal states), foreign powers- such asFrance and Spain- And other local overlordsand rulers, such as the Medici in Florence andthe Sforza in Milan, and smaller independentrepublics- such as the maritime republic ofVenice, which had its own ceremonial head ofstate like the Pope known as the Doge. 6. General Garibaldis assistant and Torinosgovernor Cavour came from Piemonte. 7. Bilingual region of Italy (French/Italian) thathas both Italian and Frankish History. 8. Trentino Alto-Adige is an autonomous regionof Italy separated into 2 separate halves-Trentino, the southern half with the capital cityof Trento (Trent), and Alto-Adige in the north,with the capital city of Bolzano. The twoseparate parts of the region take it in turns togovern the region. In Alto-Adige thepopulation speaks fluent German, and beforethe end of World War 1, Trentino-AltoAdigewas a region of Austria, but was ceded to Italyafter the war. 9. The Council of Trent(Latin: ConciliumTridentinum) was anEcumenical Council of theRoman Catholic Church. Itis considered to be one ofthe Churchs mostimportant councils. Itconvened in Trent (thencapital of the Prince-Bishopric of Trent of theHoly Roman Empire, inItaly) between December13, 1545, and December 4,1563 in twenty-fivesessions for three periods. 10. The Council issued condemnations on what it defined asProtestant heresies and defined Church teachings in theareas of Scripture and Tradition, Original Sin, Justification,Sacraments, the Eucharist in Holy Mass and the venerationof saints. It issued numerous reform decrees.By specifyingCatholic doctrine on salvation, the sacraments, and theBiblical canon, the Council was answering Protestantdisputes.The Council entrusted to the Pope theimplementation of its work; as a result, Pope Pius IV issuedthe Tridentine Creed in 1565; and Pope Pius V issued in1566 the Roman Catechism, in 1568 a revised RomanBreviary, and in 1570 a revised Roman Missal, thusstandardizing what since the 20th century has been calledthe Tridentine Mass (from the citys Latin name Tridentum),and Pope Clement VIII issued in 1592 a revised edition ofthe Vulgate. 11. Another Autonomous region of Italy. ItsCapital Trieste, was the busiest port of the oldAustrian empire before being ceded to Italyafter world war 1. It is also composed of 2smaller historical regions Friuli and VeneziaGiulia which in English is known as JulianMarch- named after the Julian Alps, local tothe region. 12. Lombardia was named after the german tribethe Lombards who settled the region afterthe fall of the Roman Empire in the 5th CenturyAD. It is also home to Italys most contraversialseparatist right-wing political party TheNorthern League (circa 1990) who claim thatthe rich industrious north of Italy shouldseparate and from the more impoverishedagricultural south, claiming mythical Celticorigins, and they have named this landPadania. 13. The geographical map of (invented??) Padaniaand the flag proposed by the separatistNorthern League. 14. Castello Sforzesco- a13th Century Palacebuilt for Milans thenruling family, theSforza. 15. La Scala is the mostfamous Opera housein the world, perhapsmore so thanSydneys. The Italiansinvented Opera in the1600s. 16. Capital City- Venice Venezia. Venice isfamous for its masked Carnivale and itslong proud tradition of glass works. 17. GONDALIERS St Marks Square, Venice 18. Home of Shakespeares Romeo andJuliette. Below- The House of Romeo e Giulietta- Messages of Love. 19. Previous Slides-Veronas intact andancient RomanAmptheatre. 20. Apart from its capital city Genova (Genoa inItalian), Liguria is also famous for its secondcity La Spezia and the mountaineering-hiking trail which passes through 5 smalltowns known as the Cinque Terre (5 lands) 21. Emilia Romagnas Capital city Bologna, isfamous for inventing Spaghetti Bolognesewhich they simply call Ragu. Parma, anothercity in Emilia Romagna, invented Parmasancheese. Modena, yet another city, is famous forinventing Balsamic vinegar. Bologna in themedieval times, had many towers thatdominated its skyline, but now only 2 principletowers remain. Bologna is also famous for itscovered archways. 22. Tuscany, and its capital, Florence, are the heartof the Italian renaissance, the standard Italianlanguage, as well as many Italian geniuses suchas Dante Alighieri (the 14th Century Italianversion of Shakespeare- he wrote the famousnovel Linferno) (Hell) which was used asthe basis for the italian language. Leonardo DaVinci, Michealangelo, Brunelleschi, Petrarca,Botticelli and many other renaissance masterswere based here. Tuscany is also home to theleaning tower of Pisa, and the ancient Romanruins of Arezzo. 23. Lesser Known Region of Italy- Main feautres-its capital city Ancona (below)and and theAppenine Mountains, which make part of itsgeography. 24. Umbria is the only Landlocked region ofItaly- it has no coast line. It is the setting of afamous American Movie My house in Umbria(2003) starring Maggie Smith. Its capitalPerugia, is home to a famous Italian Universityfor foreigners, and the Patron Saint Francis ofAssisi, lived in nearby Assisi, and he inventedthe Franciscan order of Monks and was one ofthe first people to write sacred music of thewestern tradition (Laude/Cantici) in the 13thcentury. 25. Lazio is the heart of the ancient Latin world and the Roman Empire, with Rome asthe state capital. Rome was founded on the Mythical tale of twins Romulus andRemus, who suckled from a she-wolf after they were abandoned by their mother.The Roman empire sought to re-create the glory of the even earlier Greek classicalstates, and modern Italian, French, Spanish and Romanian all developed fromLatin. It is height, the Roman empire controlled nearly all of Europe, theMediterranean and North Africa- except Germany, which was ruled by barbarictribes. London was originally a Roman outpost called Londinium. The Romanempire was partly democratic with its own Forum (the ruins still remain in Rome)and at other times was ruled by a series of emporers known as Caeser. This iswhere the term Ceaser Salad comes from. The Colosseum was famous forstaging shows and battles for the citizens of Rome, using gladiators, and at timesfilling the venue with water to stage ship battles. Before the Roman Empireconverted to Christianity in the 4th Century AD, Christians were often thrown tothe Lions here. Istanbul, Capital of Modern Turkey, was also a part of the RomanEmpire and was originally called Constantinople, after the famous RomanEmporer, Constantine. When the Roman empire became to large, it split in half,and the eastern half was called the Byzantium Empire, and it out-lived itseastern half for nearly 1000 years, before being overrun by the Islamic Turks. Fromroughly 350-1453 however, the Byzantine empire and Constantinople (Istanbul)was a Christian Empire, and kept the light of Christian Civilisation alive after thecollapse of the western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD and the beginning ofwhat is known as the middle ages. 26. Abruzzo was the home of a shockingearthquake in 2009 in the capital LAquila thatkilled over 200 students because universitydorm-room buildings were constructed usingdodgy Mafia-labour. Apart from that it is wellknown for good skiing in the Appeninemountain range, its national parks and its wineproducing. 27. Molise is one of the smallest and leastpopulated regions of Italy, and has mainly anagricultural economy and some fantastic ruins. 28. Campania is the region thats famous forgiving the world the Mafia known locally inNaples as the Camorra, and Naples, the citythat invented the Pizza. In Naples Napoliyou will also find more ancient undergroundRoman Ruins. The bay of Naples is seatedinfront of the Volcano Mt. Vesuvius, which inAd.59 erupted and buried the ancient city ofPompeii, however leaving beautifullypreserved city structures and plaster casts of itsvictims. 29. APOLLO TEMPLE Before the Eruption,and Asfter. 30. Puglia is one of Italys direst and flattestregions, though also one of the mostindustrialized southern regions. Puglia is hometo the Trulli at the town Alberobello(BeautifulTree)- conical round shaped houses,as well as four major cities- Foggia, Lecce,Brindisi and Bari. 31. A small mountainous agricultural regionrenowned for its traditional crafts such asweaving, woodwork and pottery. Its capital iscalled Potenza. 32. Calabria contains Italys first settled city,Reggio Calabria, originally called Rhegion, agreek, Pre-latin settlement. This is also t

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