CONTENTSUsing this Research Outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 1The Family History Library Catalog . . . . . . . . . .
2Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . 3Records Selection Table: Peru . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. 4Map of Peru . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 5Archives and Libraries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . 6Biography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . 10Cemeteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . 11Census . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . 11Church Directories . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . 12Church History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . 13Church Records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . 13Civil Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . 17Court Records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . 19Directories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . 19Emigration and Immigration . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . 20Encyclopedias and Dictionaries . . . . . . . .
. . . . . 22Gazetteers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . 22Genealogy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . 24Heraldry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . 25Historical Geography . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . 26History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27Land and Property . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . 28Language and Languages . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . 28Maps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29Military Records . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30Minorities . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31Names, Personal . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32Native Races . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34Naturalization and
Citizenship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35Nobility . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35Notarial Records .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36Periodicals . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37Schools . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38Social
Life and Customs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38Societies .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
39Taxation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 39Other Records of Peru . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. 39For Further Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
39Comments and Suggestions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
This outline can help you find information aboutpeople who lived
in Peru. It gives information aboutrecords of genealogical value
for Peru and helps youdecide which types of records to search.
USING THIS RESEARCH OUTLINE
The following steps will help you use this outline tofind
records about your ancestor:
1. Choose the information you would like to learnabout one of
your ancestors, such as a birth dateor a maiden name.
2. Look at the Records Selection Table in thisoutline. It lists
the kinds of information you maywant and the best types of records
for finding thatinformation.
3. Find the section in this outline for each type ofrecord
(listed in columns 2 and 3 of the RecordsSelection Table). The
sections are in alphabeticalorder and give more information about
the typesof records and how to find them.
References to the Family History LibraryCatalog
The Family History Library Catalog (30966) is alisting of all
the records available at the FamilyHistory Library. The catalog is
available at theFamily History Library and at each family
historycenter. Staff members can help you learn to use
This outline gives instructions for finding informationin the
catalog. In the Census section of this outline,for example, you may
find the following statement:
For more information about census records, lookin the Locality
section of the Family HistoryLibrary Catalog under:
PERU - CENSUSPERU, [DEPARTMENT] - CENSUSPERU, [DEPARTMENT],
This tells you to look in the catalog under:
PERU; then the subject CENSUS. A department in PERU; then the
CENSUS. A district in a department in PERU; then the
This outline includes many references to specificrecords. The
references include call numbers listedin parentheses. The call
number is preceded byFHL, the abbreviation for Family History
Libraryand is used to find a record held by the FamilyHistory
Library. Each book, film, fiche, or map isassigned a call
For additional information on using the catalog, seeUsing the
Family History Library Catalog (30966).
References to Other Family History LibraryPublications
The Family History Library has many otherpublications that may
be helpful in your research.Some of these publications are referred
to in thisoutline. Their titles are in italics and their
itemnumbers are in parentheses. They are available atthe Family
History Library and the Salt Lake CityDistribution Center at:
Salt Lake Distribution Services1999 West 1700 SouthSalt Lake
City, UT 84104-4233Tel. 1-800-537-5971Fax 1-800-240-3685Internet:
THE FAMILY HISTORY LIBRARYCATALOG
The key to finding a record in the Family HistoryLibrarys
collection is the Family History LibraryCatalog. The catalog
describes each of the
librarys records and lists the call numbers. Thecatalog is
available on microfiche and on compactdisc as part of FamilySearch,
a computerprogram available at the Family History Libraryand at
family history centers worldwide. It mayalso be found under Custom
Search on thefollowing Internet site:
The Family History Library Catalog on microficheis divided into
Locality Subject Surname Author/Title
The Family History Library Catalog on compactdisc has four types
Locality Search Film Number Search Surname Search Computer
To find the call numbers of the records described inthis
outline, you will most often use the Localitysection on microfiche
or the Locality Search oncompact disc. The section headings in this
outline,such as Church Records are the same as thesubjects used in
the microfiche edition of theFamily History Library Catalog and the
topics usedin the compact disc edition.
The catalog generally uses the language the recordsare written
in to describe the records. Thedescription includes a brief summary
in English ofthe content.
The Locality section lists records according tothe area they
cover. Records relating to the entirecountry, such as emigration
and immigrationrecords, are listed under Peru. Most records
arelisted under a specific province or city or parish,
PERU, [PROVINCE], [CITY]
For example, in the Locality section look for:
The place where an ancestor lived such as:
PERU, ANCASH, YUNGAY
The record type you wantcensus, probates, orchurch records, for
example. In Peru, townsmay be listed twice in the catalog. For
example,church and civil records may be filed in thecatalog as
PERU, ANCASH, YUNGAY - CHURCHRECORDS
PERU, ANCASH, YUNGAY - CIVILREGISTRATION
The catalog is based on the province structureinstituted in
1793. For additional informationabout localities in Peru, see the
Gazetteers,Historical Geography, History, and Mapssections of this
If you need more information on using theFamily History Library
Catalog, a short videoprogram (53191), written instructions,
andlibrarians are available to help you.
The Internet, computer bulletin boards, newsgroups, and
commercial on-line services helpfamily history researchers:
Locate other researchers. Post queries. Send and receive e-mail.
Search large databases. Search directories. Search library
catalogs. Join in computer chat and lecture sessions.
Researching by computer can be very rewarding, butit also has
Finding Resources on the Internet
It takes time and practice to learn how to navigate theInternet.
Local genealogical societies often havecomputer interest groups or
members who are familiarwith computer genealogical research.
Following aresome general Internet sites that will lead you to
otherinteresting Internet resources for Peru:
Cyndis List of Hispanic Genealogical Sites is acatalog of
genealogical sites on the Internet by topicand country. It includes
references to other Internetsites, mailing lists, people and
families, newsgroups, publications, record
transcriptions,societies, villages, and colonies.
The LDS Church Genealogical Homepage givesyou access to the
Family History Library Catalog,Ancestral File, International
Genealogical Index,SourceGuide, a list of family history
centerlocations worldwide, family history related websites, and
lists of researchers interested in similargenealogical topics. You
can also learn about andorder Family History Library
Other useful sites on specific topics such as censusrecords and
directories are discussed in this outlineunder those sections.
RECORDS SELECTION TABLE: PERU
The table below can help you decide which records to search.
1. In column 1, find the category closest to your research
goal.2. In column 2, find the types of records that are most likely
to have the information you need.3. In column 3, find additional
record types that may be useful.4. Turn to the section of this
outline that corresponds to the record type you chose. The section
the records might tell you, how to search them, and how to find
the records in the Locality Search of theFamily History Library
Catalog. Some records are not at the Family History Library.
Note: The terms used in columns 2 and 3 are the same as the
topic headings used in this outline and in theLocality section of
the Family History Library Catalog. Also, records containing
previous researchgenealogy, biography, history, periodicals, and
societiescould provide information for nearly all researchgoals,
but these have not been listed unless they are especially
1. If you need: 2. Look first in: 3. Then search:
Age Civil Registration, Church Records Census, Emigration
andImmigration, Land Records
Birth dates and places Civil Registration, Church Records
Census, Emigration andImmigration, Land Records
City or parish of foreign birth Civil Registration, Church
Records Emigration and Immigration,Military, Schools
Customs History, Minorities Social Life and CustomsDeath Civil
Registration, Church Records Cemeteries, NewspapersDivorce (recent)
Court Records Civil RegistrationEthnicity Civil Registration,
Church Records Emigration and Immigration,
SocietiesHistorical background Gazetteers, Periodicals
HistoryImmigration date Emigration and Immigration,
Naturalization and CitizenshipCensus, Biography
Living relatives Court Records, Directories Newspapers,
BiographyMaiden names Civil Registration, Church Records
Cemeteries, Military RecordsMarriage Civil Registration, Church
Records CensusMunicipal origins and boundaries Gazetteer, Maps
HistoryOccupation Civil Registration, Church Records Census,
DirectoriesParents, children, and other familymembers
Civil Registration, Church Records Emigration and
Immigration,Census, Notarial Records
Physical description Emigration and Immigration Military
RecordsPlace-finding aids Gazetteers, Maps HistoryPlace of
residence Civil Registration, Church Records Census, Biography,
GenealogyPrevious research Genealogy, Periodicals BiographyReligion
Church Records CensusSocial activities Social Life and Customs
Map of Peru: Departments, 1980s
ARCHIVES AND LIBRARIES
Archives collect and preserve original documents ofchurches,
governments, and other organizations.Libraries generally collect
published sources such asbooks, maps, and microfilm. This section
describes themajor repositories of genealogical and
historicalrecords and resources for Peru. When one of
theseinstitutions is referred to elsewhere in this outline,return
to this section to obtain the address.
If you plan to visit one of these repositories, contactthe
organization and ask for information about theircollection, hours,
services, and fees. Some of thatinformation may also be found on
the Internet. Somearchives have catalogs, inventories, and guides
orperiodicals that describe their records and how to usethem. If
possible, study these guides before you go tothe archives so you
can use your time moreeffectively. In many archives and libraries
you willneed a letter of recommendation and properidentification
(libreto electoral or passport).
For addresses of archives and libraries, you canconsult the
International Directory of Archives/Annuaireinternational des
archives. London: K.G. Saur,1992. (FHL book 020.5 Ar25 v. 38.)
World Guide to Libraries. 10th ed. Mnchen: K.G. Saur, 1991. (FHL
book 027.025 W893.)
Archivum: International Directory of Archives.Paris: Presses
Universitaires de France, 1975.(FHL book 020.5 Ar25 Vol. 2223,
There are many repositories with genealogicalinformation for
Archives in Spain National government archives and libraries
Church archives Departmental archives Municipal archives Other
archives and libraries
Although the original records you need may be in anarchive or
library in Peru or Spain, the Family HistoryLibrary may have a
microfilm copy of them.
Archives in Spain
Records of international interest about the Europeandiscovery,
exploration, and colonization of Peru are invarious archives in
Archivo General de IndiasAvda. de la Constitucin 341004 Seville,
SpainTel: 954-500-530, 954-500-528Fax:
Archivo General Militar de SegoviaPlaza Reina Victoria
Eugenia40071 Segovia, SpainTel: 921-460-758Fax: 921-460-757
Archivo General de SimancasMiravete 847130 Valladolid, SpainTel:
Archivo Central Militar del Servicio HistricoMilitar
C/Mrtires de Alcal 928071 Madrid, SpainTel: 915-470-300Fax:
Archivo Histrico NacionalC/Serrano 11528006 Madrid, SpainTel:
A summary of the records preserved at the ArchivoGeneral de
Indias is found in:
Pea y Cmara, Jos Mara de la. Archivo Generalde Indias de
Sevilla: Gua de Visitante (TheSeville General Archive of the
Indies: VisitorsGuide). Madrid: Direccin General deArchivos y
Bibliotecas, 1958. (FHL book 946A2s; film 0896895.)
Additional descriptions of the records at the ArchivoGeneral de
Indias and other Spanish and LatinAmerican archives that house
documents of theSpanish American colonial period, are found in:
FHLComment on TextSocial Sciences/Education Reference CD 1 .A18
FHLComment on TextThis film is available at the BYU FHL.
Documentacin y Archivos de la ColonizacinEspaola (Documentation
and Archives of theSpanish Colonization). Madrid: Ministerio
deCultura, 1980. (FHL book 946 A3d.)
Guides to the many archives in Spain can be obtainedfrom each
National Government Archives and Libraries
The Peruvian government collects records relating toPeruvian
history, culture, and people. The NationalArchives of Peru (Archivo
General de la Nacin) islocated at:
Archivo General de la NacinPalacio de JusticiaJirn Manuel
Cuadros s/nCasilla No. 3124Cercado de LimaLima 1, PERUTel:
The National Archives publishes information on itsactivities and
the activities of the Department ofHistorical Archives in its
Revista. It has also publishedthe Catlogo del Archivo General de la
Nacin(Catalog of the National Archives of Peru). Beforeyou visit or
use the records of an archive, you need tostudy the publications so
can use your time moreeffectively. A guide to the archives and
libraries inPeru is:
Revista del Archivo General de la Nacin. (Journalof the General
Archive of the Nation). Lima:Imprenta Gil, 1971. (FHL book 985
The National Archives has experienced fires,earthquakes, and
other catastrophes that havedestroyed or damaged much of its
collection. In 1881,during the War of the Pacific, Chilean troops
occupiedthe archives and caused considerable damage.
The Archives has not been thoroughly cataloged, andthere are
still many unclassified items that are not yetsorted or stored in
their proper sections. Smallersections of the Historical Section
(Seccin Histrica),such as Upper Administration (Gobierno Superior
)and Native Property and Claims (Propiedad yDerecho Indgena) can be
accessed through a cardcatalog. Rural and urban property titles and
thenotarial records for Lima and Callao have been
indexed. (See the Notarial Records section of thisoutline for
The General Archive of the Ministry of ForeignRelations (Archivo
General del Ministerio deRelaciones Exteriores) has records
relating to the post-independence period. It is located at:
Archivo General del Ministerio de RelacionesExteriores
Palacio de Torre Tagle363 UcayaliLima, PERUTel: 51-14-27-6750;
This archive has some filing cabinets with colonialrecords. For
information on the records in the Ministryof Foreign Relations,
Lohmann Villena, Gillermo. La Seccinmanuscritos de la Biblioteca
del Ministerio deRelaciones Exteriores del Per. in Handbookof Latin
American Studies, 1940 (Cambridge,Mass., 1941: 518520).
The Historical Archive of the Ministry of Property andCommerce
(Archivo Histrico del Ministerio deHacienda y Comercio) became the
Division of theMinistry of Property (Seccin Ministerio de
Hacienda)within the National Archives in 1970, but is stillhoused
separately in the Palacio de Justicia:
Archivo Histrico del Ministerio de Hacienda yComercio
Palacio de JusticiaJirn Manuel Cuadros s/nCercado de LimaLima 1,
This archive has two series of records: one dealingwith the
colonial period and the other dealing with therepublican period.
The manuscripts of the colonialseries are organized into two main
groups: theMiscellaneous Collection (Coleccin Miscelnea) andthe St.
Mary Collection (Coleccin Santamara),which can be accessed through
a card catalog.Additional information on the organization and
historyof the colonial series can be found in:
Schwab, Federico. El Archivo Histrico delMinisterio de Hacienda
y Comercio del Per,in Revista de historia de Amrica, 21
BYU FHLComment on TextF2233 .S45 1979 v.2
FHLComment on TextCD 4020 .A32
FHLComment on TextPeriodical F 1401 .R44
The National Library (Biblioteca Nacional) containsnine rooms
where material for various subjects arestored. The collection of
the Hall of Research (Sala deInvestigaciones) is very diverse and
can be accessedthrough two card catalogs, one arranged by
subjectand the other chronologically. A fire in 1943destroyed a
large part of the manuscript collection, butfollowing the
catastrophe the surviving documentswere thoroughly cataloged.
Following is the address ofthe National Library:
Biblioteca NacionalAvenida Abancay s/n, cdra. 4Cercado de
LimaLima 1, PERTel: 51-14-28-7690, 51-14-28-7696Fax:
The National Library has several large collections thatare of
particular interest to family historians. It is oneof the main
repositories for primary documentsrelating to the military,. It has
one of the mostthorough collections of imprints dating from
theindependence and republican periods, and hasextensive
collections of pamphlets and memorias.Other documents of interest
are land grants(encomiendas), judicial records
(judiciales),succession rights (mayorazgos), chaplaincy
records(capellanas), chieftainship records (cacicazgos),immovable
property of Lima (propiedad inmvil deLima), dowries (dotes), parish
registers (registrosparroquiales), town council minutes (actas
decabildo), and books of the orders and decrees (librosde cdulas y
proviciones). The National Library alsohas registers of the
notaries (escribanos) of Lima,Arequipa, and Cuzco.
To enter the Hall of Research a researcher is requiredto present
two photographs and a letter ofrecommendation, attend a class on
using the libraryscollections, and pay a fee.
Other national level repositories also contain recordsof
Archivo Histrico Militar del PerCentro de Estudios Histricos
Militares del PerPaseo Coln 150Cercado de LimaLima 1, PER Tel:
Archivo Histrico de la MarinaMuseo Naval, Ministerio de
Archivo General de la Corte Superior de Justiciade LimaPalacio
de JusticiaJirn Manuel Cuadros s/nCercado de LimaLima 1, PERTel:
Archivo de la Oficina Nacional de Estadstica y Censo - ONECLima,
Archivo de la Corte Suprema de la RepblicaPalacio de
JusticiaJirn Manuel Cuadros s/nCercado de LimaLima 1, PERTel:
Archivo del Ministerio de Trabajo y Asuntos IndgenasAvenida
Salavery s/nLima, PERTel: 51-14-32-2510
Some helpful guides to the archives of Peru are:
Gmez Canedo, Lino. Los archivos de la historiade Amrica: perodo
colonial espaol (TheArchives of the History of America:
ColonialSpanish Period). Mxico, D.F.: InstitutoPanamericano de
Geografa e Historia, 1961.(FHL book 980 A3.)
Porras Barrenechea, Ral. FuenteshistricasPeruanas (Historical
Sources of Peru). Lima,Peru : Instituto Ral Porras Barrenechea,
1963.(FHL book 985 H2pb.)
Research Guide to Andean History: Bolivia, Chile,Ecuador, and
Peru. Durham, N.C.: DukeUniversity Press, 1981. (FHL book 980
H27r.)This includes bibliographical references and anindex. Peru is
listed on pages 206334.
The Catholic Church has gathered the early churchrecords from
the dioceses into a centralized archive.Lima parish records from
before 1900 are centralized
FHLComment on TextCD 3681 .G6 vol.2
BYU FHLComment on TextF 3431 .P67
BYU FHLComment on TextF3321.X1 R74
in the Archive of the Archbishopric of Lima (ArchivoArzobispal
de Lima). The address for this archive is:
Archivo Arzobispal de LimaAv. Sucre 1200Pueblo LibreLima 21,
PERTel: 51-14-60-6998Fax: 51-14-27-4397Email:
The Archive of the Archbishop of Lima hasdocumentation since
1543 on visitations (visitas), holyworks (obras pias), tithing
(diezmos), property, anddivorce. Few guides, indexes, or
inventories have beenpublished, but in the archive there are
several that canbe used on site. For information about the archive,
Vargas Ugarte,Rubn, S.J. El Archivo Arzobispalde Lima, in
Handbook of Latin AmericanStudies, 1936. (Cambridge, Mass.:
Only a few of the records of the Archive of theArchbishop of
Lima have been indexed, and most ofthe indexes remain unpublished.
Parish records,particularly baptisms, are the most likely to
beindexed. Additionally, there are eight volumes ofindexes of
marriage documents (expedientesmatrimoniales).
More recent Catholic parish records are kept at thelocal parish.
The diocese keeps the records of parishesthat no longer exist. You
may write to local parishesand church archives for information. To
obtain 20thcentury documents, you must visit the parish officesand
pay a fee.
See the Church Directories, Church History, andChurch Records
sections of this outline for moreinformation.
In Peru, a department is a governmental jurisdiction,similar to
a county. Each department has its ownhistorical archive separate
from those of the nationalgovernment. They serve as repositories
for recordspertaining to their particular area. Records
ofgenealogical value at department archives includenotarial
records; birth, marriage, and death records;census records; some
church records; and so forth.
Department archives are located in the department citycapitals
and are open to the public, with properidentification (libreto
electoral or passport) and lettersof recommendation. Addresses of
the departmentarchives are:
Archivo Histrico Departamental de ArequipaCalle Quesada No.
102YanahuaraArequipa, PERTel: 51-54-22-1908
Archivo Departamental de AyacuchoAv. Independencia s/nCentro
Cultural Simn Bolvar2056 Ayacucho, PER
Archivo Histrico Departmental de CajamarcaJr. Beln s/n, Conjunto
Monumental BelnApartado 1883320 Cajamarca, PER
Archivo Histrico Departmental de CuzcoAv. Tullumayo 440 or
Avenida de Cultura 760Cuzco, PER
Archivo Histrico Departamental de HunucoJr. 2 de Mayo No.
680Apartado 278Hunuco, PER
Archivo Histrico Departamental de JunnAv. Sebastin Lorente
1810Huancayo, PERTel: 51-64-23-3679
Archivo Histrico Departamental de LambayequeAv. Victor Raul Hay
de la Torre 272 Ub.Chiclayo/Villareal, PERTel: 51-74-28-2390
Archivo Histrico Departamental de la LibertadMiquel Estete No
540Trujillo, La Libertad, PER
Archivo Histrico Departamental de MoquequaTarapaca No.
320Mariscal Nieto s/n Moquequa, PER
Archivo Histrico Departamental de PiuraJr. Huancavelica
867Piura, PERTel: 51-74-71-5255
Archivo Histrico Departamental de PunoMuseo Municipal
DreyerConde de Lemos 289Apartado 640Puno, PER
Archivo Histrico Departamental de TacnaAv. Boloqnesi No.
1737Tacna, PERTel: 51-54-71-5255
All records created by local governments in Peru,including
birth, death, and marriage records, are keptin municipal offices.
These offices are comparable tocounty courthouses and town halls in
the UnitedStates. Copies of the municipal records are available
tothe public. For more information about these officesand their
records, see the Civil Registration sectionof this outline.
These archives also house the Libros de Cabildos(minute books),
which contain information about localadministration, founding of
towns, commercial life,markets, sanitation, administration of
justice, andsocial relations. The municipal records of the town
ofHuamanga are housed in the National Library.
You can get information about the records kept at aparticular
municipality by writing to the municipaloffice. See the Family
History Librarys SpanishLetter-Writing Guide (36245) for
instructions on howto write for genealogical information.
Other Archives and Libraries
Other types of repositories may also contain
importantgenealogical records. Contact these libraries and askabout
their collection, hours, services, and fees. Properidentification
(libreto electoral or passport) and a letterof recommendation may
be required. Theserepositories include:
Historical and genealogical societies. Public and academic
libraries. Public archives, private archives, business
archives, and museums. University archives and libraries.
The oldest continuing university in the Americas is theMajor
National University of San Marcos(Universidad Nacional Mayor de San
Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos S/n Ciudad
Inventories, Registers, Catalogs
Some archives have catalogs, inventories, guides, orperiodicals
that describe their records and how to usethem. If possible, study
these guides before you visitor use the records of an archive so
that you can useyour time more effectively. These types of records
arelisted in the Family History Library Catalog under:
PERU - ARCHIVES AND LIBRARIES - INVENTORIES, REGISTERS,
PERU, [DEPARTMENT] - ARCHIVES ANDLIBRARIES - INVENTORIES,
A biography is a history of a persons life. In abiography you
may find the individuals birth,marriage, and death information, and
the names of hisor her parents, children, or other family members.
Usethe information carefully because there may beinaccuracies.
Some brief biographies have been gathered andpublished in
collective biographies, such asbiographical encyclopedias or
dictionaries. Often,these feature biographies of specific groups of
people,such as musicians or church officials.
Only a few biographical sources are available for Peru,and those
include only the most notable citizens.
Two significant biographical sources are:
Diccionario enciclopdico del Per (EncyclopedicDiccionary of
Peru). 3 vols. Lima: ed. JuanMeja Baca, 1966. (FHL book 985 A5de;
film1162476 items 13.) This includes informationon a variety of
Peruvian subjects, includingbiographies of prominent Peruvians.
Estremadoyro Robles, Camila. Diccionariohistrico biogrfico:
Peruanos ilustres(Historical, Biographical Dictionary of
FamousPeruvians). Lima: Librera-Bazar Eureka,1989. (FHL book 985
FHLComment on TextSocial Sciences/Education Reference F 3404 .D5
Additional biographies of people from Peru are foundin more
general biographical collections such as:
Archivo biogrfico de Espaa, Portugal eIberoamrica/Arquivo
biogrfico de Espanha,Portugal e Ibero-Amrica (BiographicalArchive
of Spain, Portugal, and LatinAmerica). 1144 microfiche. New York:
K.G.Saur, 19. (FHL fiche 6002170172.)
Archivo biogrfico de Espaa, Portugal eIberoamrica: Nueva Serie
(BiographicalArchive of Spain, Portugal, and Latin America:New
Series). 984 microfiche. Mnchen: K.G.Saur, 1993. (FHL fiche
Collective biographies at the Family History Libraryare listed
in the Locality section of the FamilyHistory Library Catalog
PERU - BIOGRAPHY PERU, [DEPARTMENT] - BIOGRAPHYPERU,
[DEPARTMENT], [DISTRICT] -
The National Library also has some biographies in
There are two major types of cemetery records:
Monumental inscriptions, including informationrecorded on
gravestones, tombstones, and niches.
Burial records, including grave books and therecords of cemetery
officials (sextons records),public (municipal) cemeteries,
parishes, and burialgrounds.
Cemetery records might give information that wouldnot be found
in the civil or parish records. They mightinclude the name of the
deceased, age, date of death orburial, birth year or date of birth,
and sometimesmarriage information. They might also provide
cluesabout military service, religion, occupation, and placeof
residence at time of death.
The sources of cemetery records include:
The present sexton or minister. He may have theburial registers
and the records of the burial plots.
A local library, historical society, or localhistorian. Any of
these may have the records youneed or can help you locate obscure
family plotsand relocated cemeteries.
To find tombstone or sexton records, you need toknow where an
individual was buried. The personmay have been buried in a church,
community, orprivate cemetery, usually near the place where he
orshe lived or died. You can find clues to burial placesin funeral
notices, church records, and deathcertificates.
In general, it is better to start with sexton records thanwith
tombstones or niches. The record kept by thesexton often has more
information about the deceasedperson and his or her family and will
also give thelocation of the tomb. It is usually faster than
searchingfor the grave itself. Because relatives may be buried
inadjoining plots, its best to examine the original recordrather
than to rely on alphabetized transcripts.
Most people in the cities of Peru were buried inniches. The
Catholic Church had exclusivejurisdiction over burials until 1808,
when the earliestcivil records began. Most civil cemetery records
didnot begin until after the establishment of civilregistration in
1857. In 1825, the practice of buryingin churches and on church
grounds was outlawed.
Funeral homes and mortuaries will know thecemeteries of an area.
The civil registrar can alsoprovide information on private burial
There are two very large cemeteries located across thestreet
from one another in the center of Lima andmanaged by a joint
administrative office. To request afree search of the index for
both cemeteries, contact:
El ngelLima 1, PER
A census is a count and description of the population,taken by
government or ecclesiastical officials. Censusrecords include both
government and church censuses(padrones). Censuses were taken by
the governmentfor population studies, taxation, and military
purposes;and by the churches for taxation in behalf of the
FHLComment on TextMicrofiche CT 1344 .A73 1986
BYU FHLComment on TextThis fiche is available at the BYU
Census records are not often used in Peruvian researchbecause
other sources, such as church records and civilregistration,
provide better information. Where churchparish records have been
destroyed, the census canhelp you establish your lineage.
In Peru, the original census returns were oftendestroyed or were
only statistical. There are manychurch censuses in the Archive of
the Archbishop ofLima, in other bishops archives, and in
departmenthistorical archives. The General Archive of the
Indies(Archivo General de Indias) in Seville, Spain, hasduplicate
copies of many colonial census records.
Census records can provide important information,such as family
relationships and age, where all orportions of other records are
missing. Generally, youwill find more complete family information
in morerecent censuses.
Information about census records can be found in:
Fuentes principales de registros genealgicos enPer (Principal
Sources of GenealogicalRecords in Peru). Salt Lake City, Utah:
TheGenealogical Society, 1977. (FHL book 929.1G286gs ser. H no.14;
Platt, Lyman D. Latin American Census Records.Salt Lake City,
Utah: Instituto Genealgico eHistrico Latinoamericano, 1987. (FHL
A church directory lists church officials, dioceses,
andparishes. These directories are useful because:
They list of all the parishes in a diocese, so youcan determine
if your ancestors village had aparish church. Many directories list
all villagesbelonging to a parish.
They sometimes provide the earliest dates ofexisting parish
They may include historical information abouteach parish.
They may group parishes by parishes (curatos) orvicarages (
vicaras) and deaneries (decanatos).
Directories beginning in 1969 provide thecomplete address of
each parish, dioceseheadquarters, and diocese archives
whereadditional records may be kept. The 1993 directoryalso
includes the phone and fax numbers of theparishes.
Church directories exist for the Archdiocese of Limafor 191113,
1916, 1918, 1935, and 1937. For Peru,there are directories for
1947, 1949, 1951, 1954, 1959,1964, 1969, 1974, and 1993. The Family
HistoryLibrary has copies of directories for 1949, 1969, 1974,and
Anuario eclesistico del Per 1949 (EcclesiasticalYearbook of
Peru). Lima: Impr. Santa Mara,1949. (FHL book 985 K24i 1949.)
Anuario eclesistico del Per 1969 (EcclesiasticalYearbook of
Peru). Lima: Secretariado delEpiscopado Nacional, 1969. (FHL book
Anuario eclesistico del Per (EcclesiasticalYearbook of Peru).
Lima: Secretariado delEpiscopado Peruano, 1974. (FHL book 985K24i,
Directorio eclesistico del Per, 1993(Ecclesiastical Directory of
Peru). Lima:Conferencia Episcopal Peruana, 1993. (FHLbook numbers
Rodrguez, Jesus Jordn. Pueblos y parroquias deel Per. Lima:
Imprenta Pasaje Piura, 1950.(FHL book number 958K24r; film
number1162495, item 4.)
Since the latest directory was published in 1993,
someinformation, such as the priests name, may be out ofdate. The
addresses and parish histories may be stillvalid. For more recent
information, write to:
Conferencia Episcopal PeruanaRio de Janeiro 488Lima 11, PER
Church directories are listed in the Family HistoryLibrary
PERU - CHURCH DIRECTORIES
FHLComment on TextReligion/Family History ReferenceCS 95 .P54x
BYU FHLComment on TextBX 1484 .A6
Research procedures and genealogical sources aredifferent for
each religion. It is helpful to understandthe historical events
that led to the creation of recordsin which your family is listed.
This outline will onlyrefer to the Roman Catholic Church because
otherchurches have only recently been introduced to Peru.
The Roman Catholic faith was brought to Peru at thetime of the
Spanish conquest in about 1532. From1532 to the Constitution of
1920, Catholicism was theonly religion accepted in Peru. The
Constitution of1920 provided freedom of religion, but since
1929,only Catholicism has been taught in state or privateschools.
By 1972, there were 784 Catholic parishes inPeru.
Peru has been included in the Apostolic Vicarage(Vicariatos
Apostolicos) of Ecuador since 1952. The1974 directory lists the
present boundaries as thecountry of Peru.
The Catholic Church in Peru was divided in 1974 into7 provinces,
14 dioceses, 14 prelaturas, 9 vicariatosapostlicos and 1 vicara
castrense ( militaryvicariate). The archdioceses are located in
Lima,Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cuzco, Huancayo, Piura, andTrujillo.
A good history of the Catholic Church in Peru is:
Vargas Ugarte, Rubn. Historia de la iglesia en elPer (History of
the Church in Peru). 5 vols.Lima : Imprenta Santa Mara, 1953. (FHL
In order to find the church records you need, you mustbe able to
find which jurisdiction your ancestor wouldhave been in. The
Catholic Church has expanded andcreated new jurisdictional entities
1536 Diocese of Cuzco1541 Diocese of Lima1546 Archdiocese of
Lima, with bishops in the
Dioceses of Cuzco, Quito (Ecuador),Castilla del Oro (Panam), Len
deNicaragua, and Popayn (Colombia).
1577 Dioceses of Trujillo and Arequipa1609 Diocese of Huamanga
(Ayacucho)1804 Diocese of Maynas
1838 The diocese of Maynas was moved toChachapoyas.
1861 Diocese of Puno1865 Diocese of Hunuco1901 Diocese of
Cajamarca1909 Apostolic Prefectures of San Francisco del
Ucayali (now San Ramn) and San Lendel Amazonas (now Iquitos)
1921 Prefecture of San Gabriel del Maran1936 The prefecture of
San Gabriel del Maran
was elevated to vicarage.1940 Diocese of Piura1943 The dioceses
of Cuzco, Trujillo, and
Arequipa were elevated to archbishopricsand made ecclesiastical
1945 Prefecture of San Jos de Amazonas1946 Prefecture of San
Francisco Javier del
Maran1946 Diocese of Ica1948 Prelate of Moyobamba1954 Dioceses
of Huancayo, Huancavelica, and
Tacna1955 The prefecture of San Jos de Amazonas
was elevated to vicarage.1956 Diocese of Chiclayo
The vicarage of Ucayali was divided intothe vicarages of Requena
1957 Prelates of Yauyos, Juli, and Caravel1958 Dioceses of
Huacho and Abancay
Prelates of Huari, Tarma, and Ayaviri1959 Prelate of Sicuani1961
Prelate of Huamachuco1962 Prelates of Chuquibamba and Chimbote1963
Prelate of Chota1967 Diocese of Callao1968 Prelate of
Chquibambilla1997 The dioceses of Lurn, Chosica, and
Carabayllo were created from theArchdiocese of Lima.
As of 1993, the Catholic Church had sevenarchdioceses, one
military archdiocese, eight dioceses,and eight apostolic
Church records (registros eclesiasticos) are excellentsources
for accurate information on names, dates, andplaces of births,
marriages, and deaths. Virtually everyperson who lived in Peru was
recorded in a churchrecord, with the exception of the Indians of
the easternrain forests.
Records of births, marriages, and deaths arecommonly called
vital records. Church records arevital records made by church
officials or priests inparish registers or church books.
Church records are crucial for early research aboutPeru because
civil authorities did not begin registeringvital statistics until
1886. Church records are often theonly source of family information
before that date.Church records continued to be kept after
theintroduction of civil registration. For birth, death,
andmarriage records after 1886, see the CivilRegistration section
of this outline.
General Historical Background
The Catholic churches in Peru were among the first tokeep vital
records. The practice of recording births,marriages, and deaths was
already established amongthe churches in Spain, so the same
statistics were keptin Peru from the beginning of Spanish rule.
Theearliest parish record is from 1538, just after theConquest. In
1563 the Council of Trent issued amandate requiring Roman Catholic
parishes to keeprecords of christenings and marriages. The churches
inPeru did not fully comply with these regulations untilthe mid
Unfortunately, many of the very early records havenot been
preserved, causing gaps in parish records.Wars and calamities have
destroyed other records. Tobetter understand the events that
affected recordkeeping in Peru, the following are important
154565 The Council of Trent required parishes tokeep birth and
marriage registers, a practicealready common in Spain.
1764 The churches were ordered to keep theirchurch books in an
orderly andconscientious manner.
1786 A uniform system of record keeping wasintroduced.
1800 Many parishes began keeping parishregisters, although they
were not requireduntil 1815.
1881 Indexes of the church records wereofficially started. Some
parishes, however,have indexes of earlier church books.
Information Recorded in Church Registers
Church registers include records of births andchristenings,
marriages, and deaths and burials. Inaddition, church records may
include account books,confirmations, and lists of members
Baptisms (Bautismos): Children were generallychristened within a
few days of birth. Christeningregisters usually give the infants
and parents names,status of legitimacy, names of witnesses
orgodparents, and the christening date. You may alsofind the childs
birth date, ethnic background, fathersoccupation, and familys place
of residence. Marriageand death information are sometimes added as
notes.Registers in larger cities may also give the street nameor
Earlier registers typically give only the parents andgodparents
names and the date of christening. Later,the age or birth date was
given in addition to thechristening date.
You should obtain copies of both church records andcivil
registration, when possible, since they do notnecessarily provide
the same information. Forexample, baptismal registers sometimes
provide thenames of the fathers of illegitimate children when
thecivil registration does not.
Marriages (Matrimonios): Marriage registers give thedate of the
marriage and the names of the bride andgroom. They also give the
names of witnesses andindicate if either the bride or the groom was
widowed.They often include other information about the brideand
groom, such as ages, residences, occupations,names of parents, and
birthplaces. In cases of secondand later marriages, they may
include the names ofprevious spouses and their death dates. Often a
note ismade whether a parent or other party gave permissionfor the
Marriage registers may also give the three dates onwhich the
marriage intentions were announced. Theseannouncements, called
banns, gave opportunity foranyone to come forward who knew any
reasons whythe couple should not be married.
Couples were usually married in the home parish ofthe bride. Men
typically married in their mid-20s andwomen married younger.
Marriage Information (Bandos, Informacinmatrimonial, Expedientes
matrimoniales, Pliegosmatrimoniales): The marriage information
documentis separate from the marriage record and can consist
ofseveral parts. These parts include:
An introduction that states the intent of marriageand the date
of the banns.
Personal information on the bride and groom. Thismay include the
names of the couple, age, if theyare widowed, place of residence,
place of birth, andnames of parents and grandparents.
If this is a second marriage for the bride or groom,the name of
the deceased spouse and the date ofdeath.
If the bride or groom is from another parish,documents showing
good standing in that parish.These can include baptismal records
and when thebanns were published.
If there was an impediment to marriage, adispensation (exemption
from restriction ofmarriage). For example, if the bride and
groomwere related by blood or marriage within the fourthdegree, a
dispensation was required from thebishop in order for the couple to
marry. In suchcases, genealogical graphs and
interestingbiographical information about the families willalso be
The testimonies of two to four witnesses about thegood standing
of the bride and groom. This mayinclude the witnesss personal
information as wellas how long he or she has known the bride
orgroom. Often, the witnesses may be relatives of thebride or
groom. This document is sometimes threeor four pages long.
A note at the end of the documents listing the dateof marriage
or if the marriage did not take place.
Burials (Entierros): Burials were recorded in thechurch record
of the parish where the person wasburied. The burial usually took
place within a day ofthe death, in the parish where the person
Early death registers recorded the name of thedeceased person,
his or her parents or spouse, and thedate and cause of death. Later
records may alsoinclude the place of death or burial; the
persons age, place of residence, and date and place ofbirth; and
sometimes the names of survivors.
Confirmations (Confirmaciones): This record ismade at the time
of the confirmation by the bishop orhis representative. It gives
the date of the record, thename of the confirmed youth, the
godparent(s)(padrinos), and signature of the bishop. This is
adiocesan record, but a copy may be kept in the
parish.Confirmations are sometimes included with thebaptismal
records in the parish books.
Locating Church Records
Church records were kept at the local parish. Parishrefers to a
local congregation that may have includedmany villages within its
boundaries, under thejurisdiction of a priest.
To find church records, you must know:
Your ancestors religion. The town where your ancestor lived. The
parish that your ancestors town belonged to.
Your ancestor may have lived in a village thatbelonged to a
parish in a nearby larger town. (Forhelp identifying the parish,
see the Gazetteers andMaps sections of this outline.)
The town where the church building was located isconsidered the
headquarters of the parish. Althoughthe church building was often
named for a saint, theFamily History Library Catalog refers to a
parish bythe name of the town where the parish church waslocated.
In large cities, where there may be manyparishes for each religion,
the Family History LibraryCatalog uses the parish name (such as
SagradoCorazn de Jess) to distinguish the records ofdifferent
Small villages that did not have their own churchbelonged to a
parish located in a different town. Overtime, some villages or
chapelries may have belongedto several parishes as jurisdictions
changed. Peoplewho lived in villages between two parishes may
havehad events recorded in both parishes. Search therecords of
nearby parishes when doing research aboutancestors who lived in a
Records at the Family History Library
The Family History Library has microfilm copies ofmany church
records from Peru. This collectioncontinues to grow as new records
Most of these records are from the coastal area ofPeru, but some
are also available from the Andes.
You can determine whether the Family HistoryLibrary has records
for your ancestors locality bychecking the Locality section of the
Family HistoryLibrary Catalog. However, if the record was
neverkept, has been destroyed, has not been microfilmed, oris
restricted from public access by the laws of thecountry, the Family
History Library does not have acopy.
In the Family History Library Catalog, look under thename of the
town where the parish was, notnecessarily the town where your
ancestor lived. Lookin the Family History Library Catalog
PERU, [DEPARTMENT], [DISTRICT] -CHURCH RECORDS
New records are continually added to Family HistoryLibrary
collection from numerous sources. Dont giveup if records are not
available yet. Check the FamilyHistory Library Catalog again from
time to time forthe records you need.
Records Not at the Family History Library
Original baptism, marriage, and burial records may befound by
contacting or visiting local parishes ordiocese archives in
Peru has no single repository of church records. Thepresent
location of records depends on diocesan andlocal history. Write
your request in Spanish wheneverpossible. You can make inquiries
Local parishes. Most church registers are stillmaintained by the
parish. Recent registers are at theparish, and older ones may be at
Church archives. Many parish registers are stilllocated at the
parish, but some are collected indiocese archives. Church archives
are often unableto handle genealogical requests but can
determinewhether specific records are available.
Parishes will generally answer correspondence inSpanish. If the
records have been sent to the diocesanarchives, your request may be
forwarded to theappropriate offices. To obtain the addresses
ofparishes, you should consult a church directory. (Seethe Church
Directories section of this outline. See
also the Archives and Libraries section for moreinformation
about where various types of records arestored.)
The Family History Library has obtained copies of therecords
from the Archdiocese of Lima that werefilmed by UNESCO (United
Nations Education,Scientific, and Cultural Organization). As
permissionis given, the library will obtain more records at
otherPeruvian church archives. This will continue for
Information about how to write for genealogicalinformation to
local parishes in Peru is given inSpanish Letter-Writing Guide
(36245). When writingto an archive for civil records include:
The full name and gender of the person sought. The names of the
parents, if known. The approximate date and place of the event
are requesting information about. Your relationship to the
person. The reason for the request (family history, medical,
and so on). A request for a photocopy of the complete
record. A request for information about how to best send
the search fee, if any. An International Reply Coupon, available
your local post office.
If your request is unsuccessful, search for duplicaterecords
that may have been filed in other archives orin civil registration
Effective use of church records includes the
Search for the relative or ancestor you want toknow more about.
When you find his or her birthrecord, search for the birth records
of his or herbrothers and sisters.
Search for the marriage record of the parents. Themarriage
record will often lead to the birth recordsof the parents.
If you cannot locate a marriage record for theparents, you can
estimate their ages and search fortheir birth records.
Repeat the process for both the father and themother.
If earlier generations are not in the record, searchneighboring
Search the death registers for information about allfamily
Civil registration refers to the vital records made bythe
government. These include birth, marriage, anddeath records. Civil
registration records (Actas delRegistro Civil) are an excellent
source for accurateinformation on names, and dates and places of
births,marriages, and deaths.
In most of the municipalities of Peru, civil authoritiesbegan
registering births in 1886, marriages in 1886,and deaths in 1857.
The 1892 Peruvian Civil Lawmade civil registration mandatory. In
the Limamunicipal archives, there are death registers for18571867,
and birth, marriage, and death registers ofPeruvians born abroad
for 18861911. By 1895, thearchives included almost all individuals
who lived inPeru. Records of naturalization, adoption,
andlegitimacy and recognition of children are included inthe early
birth records. From 1936, these records areincluded as part of the
Because civil registration covers the entire populationand
generally provides more information than churchrecords, civil
registration records are one of the mostimportant sources for
genealogical research in Peru.Due to political situations, civil
registration for somemunicipalities may have begun after 1886.
Civilregistration records may also be the only source ofinformation
about non-Catholic people.
For birth, death, and marriage records before 1886, seethe
Church Records section of this outline.
General Historical Background
In 1857 the government of Peru passed a law thatrequired civil
registration, but it was soondiscontinued, except for the
requirement to keep deathrecords. In 1892, the government again
recognized theneed for accurate vital records. Civil
registrationrequired the people to report all births, marriages,
anddeaths to a civil registrar in each municipality.
Civil registration began in 1886 in almost all of Peru.Today,
Perus borders include areas that were not partof Peru in 1886. For
these areas, the beginning of civilregistration varies. For
example, the department ofTacna, which was part of Chile from 1880
to 1929,began registration in 1884 for births and 1885 formarriages
Duplicates of municipal vital records are at theSupreme Court of
Justice of the Republic (CorteSuperior de Justicia de la Repblica)
Information Recorded in Civil Registers
The most important civil records for genealogicalresearch are
birth, marriage, and death registers. Thereare also registers of
captives for 19051926. These areregisters of births to Peruvian
families in thedepartment of Tacna and the province of
Tarapaca(Chile), which were under the jurisdiction of theChilean
From 1936 to the present, personal civil registersinclude
naturalization, adoption, legitimization ofchildren, declaration of
mental competence,declarations of deaths not otherwise
registered,marriage annulments, and divorces.
Births, marriages, and deaths were written in the
civilregistration records as they occurred and thus arearranged
chronologically. Some records are indexed tohelp you find your
Births (Nacimientos): Birth registers give thedocument number,
registration date, name, gender,and date and place of birth. Early
birth records alsoinclude naturalization papers,
adoptions,legitimizations of children, and acknowledgments
ofpaternity. Separate books were kept for naturalizationfrom
Birth records may include family information, such asthe parents
ages, birthplaces, residences, nationalities,marital status,
professions, and the number of otherchildren born to the mother.
The records may also givesimilar information about the informant,
who may be arelative, and the grandparents.
Corrections to a birth record were usually added as amarginal
Marriages (Casamientos): Peruvian law requiresmarriages to be
recorded in civil records prior to achurch marriage. Marriage
registers give the marriage
date and the couples names, ages, places of residence,and,
sometimes, places of birth. These records alsoinclude the names of
the parents and witnesses andinformation about the witnesses.
Marriage information (Informacin matrimonial) inPeru from 1900
to the present includes certificates ofbirth, baptism, good
conduct, marriageability, and amedical certificate and
Early civil marriage records may give moreinformation than
church records. Early entries usuallyincluded the names and ages of
the bride and groomand the marriage date and place. Later entries
includethe couples occupations, civil status, residences,
andbirthplaces. Some records also have the names of theparents and
Most couples were also married in a church wedding.If possible,
search both the civil registration andchurch records of marriage.
If you believe a marriagetook place but cannot find a civil record
of themarriage, search the church marriage informationrecords or
Deaths (Defunciones): Death records are especiallyhelpful
because in addition to death and burialinformation, they provide
important information abouta persons birth, spouse, and parents.
Civil deathrecords often exist for individuals for whom there areno
birth or marriage records. Death records wereusually registered
within a few days of the death, inthe town or city where the person
Early death records give the name, date, and place ofdeath.
Later death registers usually include thedeceaseds age or date of
birth (and sometimes thebirthplace), residence or street address,
occupation,cause of death, and burial information. These
recordsalso include the name of the informant (who is often
arelative), spouse, and parents. The information indeath records
about the deceaseds birth and parentsmay be inaccurate since the
informant may not havehad complete information.
Locating Civil Registration Records
Civil registration records are kept at the local
civilregistration office (Oficina del Registro Civil) in
eachmunicipality. You must determine the town whereyour ancestor
lived before you can find the records.
A civil registration district may include several townsor be a
small section of a large city. You may need to
use gazetteers and other geographic references toidentify the
place your ancestor lived and the civilregistration office that
served it (see the Gazetteerssection of this outline). In addition
to the town, youneed to know an approximate year in which the
birth,marriage, divorce, or death occurred.
The specific holdings of the Family History Libraryare listed in
the Family History Library Catalog. Tofind civil registration
records in the Family HistoryLibrary, search in the Locality
section of thelibrarys catalog under:
PERU - CIVIL REGISTRATIONPERU, [DEPARTMENT] - CIVIL
REGISTRATIONPERU, [DEPARTMENT], [DISTRICT] - CIVIL
The librarys collection continues to grow as newrecords are
microfilmed and added to the collectionfrom numerous sources. Dont
give up if records arenot yet available. Check the catalog later
for therecords you need.
Locating Records Not at the Family HistoryLibrary
Birth, marriage, divorce, and death records may befound by
contacting or visiting local civil registrationoffices in Peru.
Peru also has duplicates of civilregistration records in the
Supreme Court of Justice(Corte Superior de Justicia) in Lima. Civil
registrationrecords in Peru are available by writing to
themunicipality or province where the record wascreated. After
deciding who has jurisdiction over therecords for the time period
you need, write a briefrequest to the municipal civil registration
office. Whenwriting to an archive for civil records include:
The full name and gender of the person sought. The names of the
parents, if known. The approximate date and place of the event
are requesting information about. Your relationship to the
person. The reason for the request (family history, medical,
and so on). A request for a photocopy of the complete
record. A request for information about how to best send
the search fee, if any. An International Reply Coupon, available
your local post office.
Civil officials will usually answer correspondence inSpanish. If
your request is unsuccessful, write forduplicate records that may
have been sent to theSupreme Court of Justice of the Republic
(CorteSuperior de Justicia de la Repblica). The address isincluded
in the Archives and Libraries section ofthis guide.
If you visit the civil registration office to request adocument,
they will perform a search for a fee. Eachmunicipality charges its
own price. Contact the civilregistration office to learn the cost
of searches and ofcopies of certificates.
The highest court of Peru is the Supreme Court ofJustice of the
Republic (Corte Superior de Justicia dela Repblica) in Lima. Under
it are the 23 SuperiorCourts (Cortes Superiores), located in the
seats ofdepartments. Each of the 140 provinces has a Court ofFirst
Instance located in the provincial seat. The 1,302small towns each
have a Justice of the Peace Court.All of these are courts of
Although records of genealogical value can be foundin court
records, you should first search church andcivil records. Not many
court records from Peru havebeen microfilmed.
Inquisition records were created in the 16th and 17thcenturies
when non-Catholics, including many of theminority and immigrant
groups, were being tried asheretics. The records of persons tried
by theInquisition are found in the National HistoricalArchive
(Archivo Histrico Nacional) of Madrid andin the National Archives
(Archivo Nacional de laNacin) of Lima. Following are some
inquisitionrecords available on microfilm at the Family
Procesos de F, 15641804 (Proceedings of Faith,15641804). Madrid:
Centro Nacional deMicrofilm, 1977. (FHL films 122401629.)
Pleitos civiles relativos a Lima (Civil LitigationRelating to
Lima). Madrid: Archivo HistricoNacional, 1982. (FHL films
Lohmann Villena, Gillermo. InformacionesGenealgicas de Peruanos
seguidos ante elSanto Oficio (Genealogical Information ofPeruvians
Appearing before the Holy Office).Lima: n.p., 1957. (FHL book 929.1
W893 F16;film 0873987 item 3.)
Medina Zavala, Jos Toribio. Historia del Tribunalde la
Inquisicin de Lima, 15691820 (Historyof the Tribunal of the
Inquisition of Lima,15691820). 2 vols. Santiago: Fondo
HistricoBibliogrfico, 1956. (FHL book 985 K21t; film0896618.)
See also the Minorities section of this outline.
Directories are alphabetical lists of names andaddresses. These
often list all the adult residents ortradesmen of a city or area.
Telephone books are atype of directory.
The Family History Library has a telephone directoryon microfilm
for Lima from 1949 (1224503 item 2)and the 1990 and 1991
directories (3 vols., FHL book985.21/L1 E4p).
The most helpful directories for genealogical researchare city
directories of local residents and businesses.These are generally
published annually and mayinclude an individuals name, address,
occupation, hisor her spouses name, and other helpful facts.
Anindividuals address can be very helpful whensearching in a large
city with several parishes.Directories sometimes have city maps and
mayinclude addresses of churches, cemeteries, civilregistration
offices, and other important locations.
Directories are listed in the Locality section of theFamily
History Library Catalog under:
PERU, [DEPARTMENT]- DIRECTORIES PERU, [DEPARTMENT], [DISTRICT]
Directories for Peru can also be found on the Internetat:
FHLComment on TextBX 1740 .P5 M4 1956 vol.1-2
EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION
Emigration and immigration sources list the names ofpeople
leaving (emigration) or coming into(immigration) Peru. These
sources are usuallypassenger lists, permissions to emigrate,
records ofpassports issued, or lists of prisoners deported.
Theinformation in these records may include theemigrants names,
ages, occupations, destinations, andplaces of origin or
In addition to their usefulness in determining where animmigrant
lived prior to leaving his or her nativecountry, these records can
help in constructing familygroups. If you dont find your ancestor,
you may findemigration information on neighbors of your
ancestor.People who lived near each other often settled togetherin
the country they emigrated to.
People emigrated from Peru to the United States,Canada, Brazil,
Ecuador, Chile, Colombia, Bolivia,Mexico, Australia, and other
countries. Theemigration to the United States began in the
mid-1850s and much earlier to South American countries.Most of the
early emigrants to the United States ofAmerica settled in
California. Emigration wasminimal, however, until after the 1940s,
when manyPeruvians left for the west coast of the United
States,Canadian British Columbia, and other countries.
Finding the Emigrants Town of Origin
Once you have traced your family back to yourimmigrant ancestor,
you must determine the city ortown the ancestor was from. Peru has
no nationwideindex to birth, marriage, or death records.
Vitalrecords were kept locally with duplicates sent to theSuperior
Court of Justice of the Republic (CorteSuperior de Justicia de la
There are several sources that may help you find yourancestors
place of origin. You may be able to learnthe town your ancestor
came from by talking to olderfamily members. Members of your family
or a librarymay have documents that name the city or town,
Birth, marriage, and death certificates Obituaries Journals
Photographs Letters Family Bibles
Church certificates or records Naturalization applications and
petitions Passenger lists Passports Family heirlooms
A good book on Peruvian immigration is:
Arona, Juan de. La Inmigracin en el Per(Immigration in Peru).
Lima: Biblioteca Pblicade la Cmara de Diputados, 1971. (FHL book985
Additional information about finding the origins ofimmigrant
ancestors is given in Tracing YourImmigrant Origins (34111).
Emigration from Spain
Before 1775, most of the emigrants from Spain camefrom the
regions of Castilla, Andaluca, orExtremadura. The people from
Catalua, Aragn,Galicia, and Vascongadas were excluded from
theAmericas by the Court of the Indies (Consejo deIndias). After
1775, Carlos III of Spain gavepermission to all Spaniards to
colonize any part ofSpanish America. Emigrants from Spain left
recordsdocumenting their migration in the port of departure aswell
as in the country they moved to.
People desiring to emigrate from Spain or thosemigrating within
the colonies in South America wererequired to register at the time
of departure. Some ofthese records include:
Permissions to emigrate Probates of relatives who stayed Church
records (annotations) Passports Court records
These records are not available for research at theFamily
History Library but may be found at thenational archives of the
Colonial Period (14921821)
Various Spanish archives have records that may showthe emigrants
origin. The principle archives are theGeneral Archives of the
Indies (Archivo General deIndias) in Seville, Spain; the Military
Archives ofSegovia; and the General Archive of Simancas. Forfurther
information on military archives, see the
Military Records and Archives and Librariessections of this
You may want to look for your ancestors records inthe following
sections of the General Archives of theIndies:
Informaciones de Mritos y Servicios de
losDescubridores/Conquistadores (Information onMerits and Services
of the Discoverers andConquerors): This includes documents of the
shipsand passengers who sailed to the colonies duringthe early
Casa de Contratacin de las Indias (House ofContracts of the
Indies): This is an excellentdocumentation of passenger lists for
ships sailing tothe American colonies between 1509 and 1701, aswell
as petitions and licenses for permission toemigrate during the
period 1534 to 1790.
For early emigration, you should search the followingbook, which
indexes documents of the ships andpassengers who sailed to the
colonies during the early1500s:
Catlogo de Pasajeros a las Indias durante losSiglos XVI, XVII, y
XVIII (Catalog of Passengersto the Indies during the 16th, 17th,
and 18thCenturies). Seville: s.n., 1940 . (FHL book 946W2sa; films
Ship arrivals and passenger lists provide the bestdocumentation
of immigrants who came to SouthAmerica after the middle of the 19th
century. Theserecords are housed in the national archives of each
ofthe countries in South America. (For informationabout archives,
see the Archives and Librariessection of this outline.)
Other important sources of information for yourimmigrant
ancestors are the emigration records thatmay exist from the
departure port city.
During the early period, most Spanish emigrants leftthrough the
ports of Seville, Cdiz, San Lucar deBarrameda, and Mlaga in
southern Spain. Theserecords were housed in the cities of Cdiz and
Seville.Later the ports of San Sebastin, Bilbao, Santander,and La
Corua in northern Spain were added asdeparture cities not only for
Spaniards but also forother Europeans. These emigrants most
traveled first to Islas Canarias (the Canary Islands),where they
resided for a short time, before continuingtravel to the Americas.
Currently these records arehoused in the General Archive of the
Indies in Seville.
The records of departures from these ports are calledpassenger
lists. The information contained in theselists varies over time but
usually includes theemigrants name, age, occupation, and
destination.The lists may also include the names of other
familymembers, and the emigrants last town of residence
Emigration to America slowed drastically between17901825 due to
wars of independence in the LatinAmerican colonies. Beginning in
1840, an increasednumber of people immigrated to Latin
Americaseeking religious, economical, or political freedom.The
first major group of immigrants were Chineselaborers who came
between 18501875 to work on theguano deposits of the Chincha
Islands and on therailroads.
Emigration from Japan
Many Japanese immigrant laborers arrived in Peru atthe end of
the 19th century and early 20th century.Japanese trade with Peru
expanded after World WarII. The following records, located in
Japan, containinformation about these Japanese immigrants:
Peru-koku e honpojin dekasegi ikken (JapaneseAway-from-Home
Workers in Peru). Tokyo:Kokusai Maikuo Shashin Kogyosha,
[n.d.].(FHL film 1591703 item 31591708 item 2.)
Peru imin kankei zakken (Japanese Emigration toPeru). Tokyo:
Kokusai Maikuo ShashinKogyosha, [n.d.]. (FHL films12640411264042,
126404445, 1250049, and1250051.) This contains assorted papers
onJapanese emigration to Peru that were handled18991921.
Nihonjin Peru iju no kiroku (The JapaneseImmigrants to Peru).
Tokyo: Shadan HojinRaten Amerika Kyokai, 1969. (FHL book
Imin unsosen kankei zakken (Papers on JapaneseEmigration).
Tokyo: Kokusai Maikuro ShashinKogyosha, [n.d.]. (FHL films
1250044,12640471264049, and 1250066.)
BYU FHLComment on TextCS 944 .R66 1980 (v.5.pt.1,2)
Emigration from Other Areas
Most people who emigrated from Europe left throughthe ports of
Hamburg, LeHavre, Liverpool, Naples,Rotterdam, or Trieste. The
records of Hamburg andsome other European ports have been
microfilmed andare available in the collection of the Family
HistoryLibrary. See Hamburg Passenger Lists, 18501934(34047).
Other emigration and immigration records for Peruinclude:
Emigracin china para el Per, 1854-1876(Chinese Emigration to
Peru, 18541876).Arequipa: Onvento del la Merced, 1990. (FHLfilm
1563431 item 7.) This book includes therecords of the Chinese
immigrants who camefrom Macao.
Reseas de pasaportes de varios consulados,1921-1939 (Muster of
the Passports of VariousConsulates, 19211939). Bogot:
ArchivoGeneral de Colombia, 1987. (FHL film1511647 item 7.)
Yugoslavos en el Per (Yugoslavs in Peru). Lima:Editorial La
Equidad, 1985. (FHL book 985 F2m.)
See also the Minorities section of this outline.
Immigration to Peru
The main port of entry for most immigrants to Peruwas Callao,
near Lima. Unfortunately, no passengerlists of immigrants arriving
in Callao have beenmicrofilmed. Such records may exist in the
Records at the Family History Library
The Family History Library has some microfilmcopies of records
and related books. The film or callnumbers of these records are
listed in the localitysection of the Family History Library
PERU - EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATIONSPAIN - EMIGRATION AND
See also records under the heading Colonization:
PERU - COLONIZATION
Encyclopedias provide information on all branches ofknowledge or
treat a specific topic comprehensively,usually in articles arranged
alphabetically. They oftencontain information of great interest for
genealogicalresearch, including articles about towns and
places,prominent people, minorities, and religions. They canalso
give information about diverse topics such asrecord-keeping
practices, laws, customs, commerce,costumes, occupations, and
archaic terminology. Thefollowing encyclopedias and encyclopedic
referencebooks may be particularly helpful in your research:
The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Latin America andthe Caribbean.
Cambridge, England:Cambridge University Press, 1992. (FHL book980
Schaefer, Christina K. Genealogical Encyclopediaof the Colonial
Americas: A Complete Digest ofthe Records of All the Countries of
the WesternHemisphere. Baltimore: Genealogical Pub. Co.,Inc., 1998.
(FHL book 929.11812 D26s.)
Diccinario Enciclopdico del Per (EncyclopedicDictionary of
Peru). 3 vols. Lima: Juan MejaBaca, 1966. (FHL book 985 A5de.)
Encyclopedias are listed in the Family History LibraryCatalog
PERU - ENCYCLOPEDIAS ANDDICTIONARIES
For information on language dictionaries, see theLanguage and
Languages section of this outline.
A gazetteer is a dictionary of place-names. Gazetteersdescribe
haciendas (large ranches), towns and villages,districts, provinces,
departments, population, rivers,mountains, and other geographical
features. Theyusually include only the names of places that existed
atthe time the gazetteer was published. The place-namesare
generally listed in alphabetical order, similar to adictionary.
Gazetteers may also provide additional informationabout towns,
FHLComment on TextF 3619 .Y84 M47 1985
BYU FHLComment on TextSocial Sciences/Education Reference F 1406
BYU FHLComment on TextReligion/Family History Reference E 18
Religious denominations Schools, colleges, and universities
Major manufacturing works, canals, docks, and
railroad stations Distances
You can use a gazetteer to locate the places whereyour family
lived and to determine the civiljurisdictions over those places.
There are many placesin Peru with the same or similar names. For
example,there are several jurisdictions with the
Acobamba, province of Sihuas, department ofAncash
Acobamba, province of Acobamba, department ofHuancavelica
Acobamba, province of Tarma, department of Junin Santo Domingo
de Acobamba, province of
Huancayo, department of Junin
You will need to use a gazetteer to identify thespecific town
where your ancestor lived, the district,province, and department it
was in, and thejurisdictions where records about it were created
Gazetteers are also helpful for determining thedepartment,
province, and district jurisdictions used inthe Family History
Finding Place Names in the Family HistoryLibrary Catalog
Place names in the Family History Library Catalog arelisted
under the modern names and the names ofdepartments and provinces as
they existed in 1922. Tofind the department and province that a
town is filedunder in the Family History Library Catalog, you
canuse the see references on the first Family HistoryLibrary
Locality Catalog microfiche of eachdepartment. If you are using the
catalog on compactdisc, use the Locality Search. The computer will
findplaces with that name.
Because of the many changes in place names, theFamily History
Library uses one gazetteer as thestandard guide for listing places
in the Family HistoryLibrary Catalog. Regardless of the names a
place mayhave had at various times, all Peruvian places arelisted
in the Family History Library Catalog by thename they are listed
Steglich, Grman. Diccionario geogrfico del Per(Geographical
Dictionary of Peru). 3 vols.Lima: Torres Aguirre, 1922. (FHL
book985.E5s; film 0845239.)
Other supporting sources are:
Demarcacin Poltica del Per (PoliticalBoundaries of Peru). Lima:
Instituto GeogrficoNacional, 1983. (FHL book 985 E5d.)
Demarcacin Poltica del Per porDepartamentos, Provincias y
Distritos (PoliticalBoundaries of Peru by Departments,
Provinces,and Districts). Lima: Instituto Nacional dePlanificacin,
1984. (FHL book 985 E5dp; film1224501 item 5.)
Per: Directorio Nacional de MunicipalidadesProvinciales y
Distritales (Peru: NationalDirectory of Provincial and
DistrictMunicipalities). Lima: Instituto Nacional deEstadstica e
Historical Place Names
Because names and boundaries of some places havechanged or no
longer exist, you may need to usesources that describe places as
they were knownearlier. Some of the historical national gazetteers
thatidentify places in Peru are:
lisky, Marvin. Historical Dictionary of Peru.Metuchen, N.J.:
Scarecrow Press, 1979. (FHLbook 985 H26a.)
Peru: Official Standard Names Approved by theU.S. Board of
Geographical Names.Washington, DC: Central Intelligence
Agency,1955. (FHL book 985 E5p; film 1102987 item1.)
Diccinario enciclopdico del Per ilustrado(Illustrated
Encyclopedic Dictionary of Peru). 3vols. Lima: Editorial Mijia
Baca, 1966. (FHLbook 985 A5de; film 1162476 items 13.)
Gazetteers are listed in the Family History LibraryCatalog
PERU - GAZETTEERSPERU, [DEPARTMENT] - GAZETTEERSPERU -
DESCRIPTION AND TRAVEL
BYU FHLComment on TextThis film is available at the BYU FHL.
BYU FHLComment on TextSocial Sciences/Education Reference F 3404
BYU FHLComment on TextMap Bookshelves G 105 .U53x P47 1955
BYU FHLComment on TextSocial Sciences/Education ReferenceF 3404
The term genealogy is used in this outline and in theFamily
History Library Catalog to describe a varietyof records containing
family information gathered byindividuals, researchers, societies,
or archives. Theserecords may include pedigree charts,
compiledinformation on families, correspondence, ancestorlists,
research exchange files, record abstracts, andcollections of
original or copied documents. These canbe excellent sources of
information that can save youvaluable time. Because they are
compiled from othersources of information, they must be
carefullyevaluated for accuracy.
Additional sources of genealogy for noble families inPeru are
described in the Nobility section of thisoutline.
Major Collections and Databases
The Family History Library has several sources thatcontain
previous research or can lead you to otherresearchers who are
interested in sharing familyinformation. These sources include:
International Genealogical Index. The indexprovides names and
vital information for manydeceased persons who lived in Peru. This
valuableresearch tool lists birth, christening, and marriagedates.
The index for Peru includes names extractedfrom parish registers by
volunteers and namessubmitted by other researchers.
The International Genealogical Index is availableon microfiche
and on compact disc as part ofFamilySearch.
Ancestral File. This file, part of FamilySearch,contains family
history information linked in familygroups and pedigrees that has
been contributedsince 1979. As of 1999, the file contains the
namesof millions of persons, including hundreds ofPeruvian
families. Ancestral File can print pedigreecharts, family group
records, and individualsummary sheets for any person in the
Family Group Records Collection. More than 8million family group
record forms have beenmicrofilmed in the Family Group
RecordsCollection, but very few are from South America.There are
two major sections: the Archive Sectionand the Patrons Section. The
film numbers for both
sections are listed in the Author/Title section ofthe Family
History Library Catalog under FamilyGroup Records Collection.
Social Security Death Index. The Social SecurityDeath Index
lists all the people in the United Stateswho held social security
numbers and who diedbetween 1962 and 1996. The index can lead
toother social security records that may provide yourancestors
birthplace in Peru.
Share Your Information with Others. Your familyhistory can
become a source of enjoyment for you andyour family. You can submit
your family historyinformation to the Pedigree Resource File (see
theInternet site www.familysearch.org for instructions). You may
want to compile your findings into a familyhistory and share it
with family members, the FamilyHistory Library, and other
A few Peruvian families have produced histories ornewsletters
that include genealogical information,biographies, photographs, and
other excellentinformation. These usually include several
generationsof the family.
The Family History Library has few publishedPeruvian family
histories. Copies at the FamilyHistory Library are listed in the
surname section of theFamily History Library Catalog. Not every
namefound in a family history will be listed in the FamilyHistory
Library Catalog. Only the major surnamesdiscussed in the family
history are included in thecatalog.
There are also unpublished family histories found inprivate
collections. These include a variety ofunpublished records
pertaining to specific families,usually Peruvian nobility or
prominent families. Suchmaterials are generally inaccessible for
research unlessyou can establish contact with the person who
Many Peruvian family histories